LA State Standards Parent Resource Grades 9-12

 

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Parent resource booklet for Louisiana parents with students in grades 9-12.

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Louisiana Parent Resource Grades

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Where U.S. Students Rank Globally The United States Ranks: n 17th In Reading Literacy n 21st In Science n 26th In Math U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation 2014 IN READING LITERACY 17 TH IN SCIENCE 21 ST 26 TH IN MATH Based on 2013 International PISA results

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Louisiana Parent Resource Grades 9 – 12 www.cdl.org Special thanks to the following partners:

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|#| Center for Development and Learning

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Introduction This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of grades 9 through 12 in English Language Arts (ELA). It focuses on key skills that will build a strong basis for success in college, the workplace, and everyday life. These K-12 standards were informed by Louisiana teachers, university professors, and other education experts. If your son or daughter is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for the next grade. Why are high academic standards important? All parents want their children to be able to pursue their dreams – whatever they may be. A great education starts with high standards. A high level of academic rigor in our academic standards is necessary to ensure that students are learning up-to-date content that is important for their futures. Understanding what those standards are will help parents to ensure their children are receiving the best education possible. Of course, high standards are not the only things needed for children’s success, but they provide an important first step — a clear, consistent roadmap for learning. They also help your child This Guide Includes: develop real-world critical thinking skills needed for college and the workforce. How can I help my child? You should use this guide in two main ways: (1) as a tool to help students at home, and (2) as a resource to help build a relationship with teachers. Talk to teachers regularly about how your son or daughter is doing so that you can work together to address any issues. Parents are children’s first teachers. At home, you can play a big part in setting high expectations and supporting students in meeting them. *See page 48 for definition n An overview of some of the key things your child should be learning in ELA from 9th through 12th grade n Ideas to help your child learn at home n Topics of discussion for talking to your child’s teacher about his or her academic progress ELA Parent Resource Guide 9–12 |3|

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About CDL Founded in 1992, the Center for Development and Learning (CDL) is a results-driven Louisianabased 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. CDL’s programs and services fall into three major areas: (1) evidence-based professional learning for educators; (2) direct services to students; and (3) public engagement of stakeholders at all levels. We aim to increase student learning. CDL specializes in providing educators with professional learning that is specific and relevant to the needs of teachers and their students. We have particular expertise in effective leadership practices, evidence-based teaching strategies and tactics, early childhood best practices, literacy, and learning differences. With an on-the-ground, in-the-trenches approach, we tackle real-time issues such as ways to remediate struggling readers and writers, differentiating instruction, structuring collaborative classroom environments, building leadership capacity, and developing and sustaining collective capacity. © 2015 The Center for Development and Learning Designed by: Claire Estopinal Edited by: Keisha Dubuclet |4| Center for Development and Learning

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Table of Contents Common Questions about Louisiana State Standards . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Overview of ELA Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 College and Career Standards Reading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Writing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Speaking & Listening. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Reading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Reading Literature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Reading for Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Book Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Writing Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Speaking & Listening. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Special Education. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 How to Support your Child. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Glossary* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 * Definitions of words with an asterick beside them are contained in the glossary. ELA Parent Resource Guide 9–12 |5|

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Common Questions about Louisiana State Standards Q: A: What are the Louisiana State Standards? The Louisiana State Standards are learning goals that are designed to prepare our students for college and career success. Standards are not the same as a curriculum. Teachers can still decide how to get kids to the goal. Q: A: Why do we need rigorous standards? Louisiana is 3rd from the bottom in education compared to the rest of the country. More rigorous standards will help give all Louisiana students a higher quality education so they can be successful in today’s economy. Q: A: Who developed the standards? Louisiana has always had standards. State law requires a review of academic standards every seven years. In 2010, higher standards were adopted to ensure Louisiana students could compete with those from other states. The standards are informed by Louisiana teachers, university professors, and independent education experts. Parents, business leaders, and other stakeholders have the opportunity to provide feedback. |6| Center for Development and Learning

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Q: A: How will high standards affect student grades and school performance scores (SPS)? Some are concerned that school test scores and letter grades will drop. A drop in scores is expected at first because previous standards were not accurate indicators of college and career-readiness. State changes to school and teacher evaluations have been made that will give students and schools time to adjust. From Failing to Fantastic: Winning the Education Game In football, the goal is to get a touchdown; it’s up to the coach to choose plays that will get the ball in the end zone. Standards set the goal; it’s up to the teacher to choose plays to help kids win. A: Q: How will higher standards affect me as a parent? As a parent, you may notice your child’s classwork and homework becoming harder. You may also see a slight drop in grades. While it may be uncomfortable and scary, this is normal because schoolwork and tests are more challenging. Keep in mind that now your kids are getting the high quality education they deserve but weren’t getting before. Q: A: How will higher standards affect students? Having high standards will require students to learn and apply more demanding concepts and procedures, resulting in deeper levels of understanding. Rather than simply memorizing, students will critically think through information and apply what they learn to solve real-world problems and situations. ELA Parent Resource Guide 9–12 |7|

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Q: A: What do the Standards mean for students with disabilities and English Language Learners? Because all children deserve a high quality education, there are no separate or different standards for children with special needs. However, the law requires that students with disabilities be provided a range of supports for classroom learning and testing. More information and resources are included in this book. Q: A: Will students still take the LEAP test? Students in grades 3-11 will take a more rigorous test for ELA and Math, with questions aligned to the higher standards. The LEAP will still be given for Social Studies and Science. Students in the 12th grade will take the ACT. Compared to other states in the country, Louisiana ranks 3rd from the bottom in Reading. Only Mississippi and Washington D.C. are lower than Louisiana. – The National Assessment of Educational Progress , 2013 |8| Center for Development and Learning

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Why Now? n Student mobility, military families n Too many different standards across states n Global competition n Today’s jobs require different skills Q: A: What do the Louisiana State Standards look like in the classroom? The standards are not curriculum. Schools and teachers will still make decisions about how to teach their students and meet their needs. Q: A: What are the benefits of high standards? High standards will help to ensure that all students, no matter where they live, are prepared for success in college and the workforce. High standards also make sure your child can compete with other students if you decide to move to another city or state. Our students will learn more real-world knowledge and think more critically, so that we in Louisiana will be able to compete successfully in the 21st century, allowing our economy to remain strong. ELA Parent Resource Guide 9–12 |9|

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Overview of ELA Standards The skills developed in English Language Arts (ELA) are used in every day life, making them very important. The language arts include reading, writing, spelling, listening, speaking, handwriting, grammar, storytelling and learning vocabulary. Your children will use their ELA skills in all subject areas, including social studies, science and math, to understand information and organize, develop and express their ideas clearly. A person who can speak well, relate well to others through language, and listen well to what others are saying will have higher chances of success in school and life. The Louisiana State Standards for ELA describe skills that students need to have in the following areas: ELA Standards Reading Writing Speaking & Listening | 10 # | | Center for Development and Learning

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What does it mean to be college and career ready? Now, more than ever, high school students are told they must be “college and career ready.” But what does college and career readiness actually entail? College Ready. A college ready student has the knowledge and skills necessary to qualify for and succeed in the academic program of his/her choice without the need for remedial coursework. Being “ready” means having reading, writing, math, social, and critical thinking* skills, whether graduates are pursuing a two- or four-year degree, or studying for a skilled trade license. Career Ready. A career ready student has the knowledge and skills necessary to qualify for employment and succeed in their desired career field, ranging from technical to professional careers. College and career readiness requires students to know more than just information; they must be able to know how to learn and build upon that information to solve problems. They must also develop job-related skills, including reading, writing, communication, teamwork, critical thinking* and problem solving. Being college and career ready ultimately means that students are prepared for their next steps and have more options and opportunities to advance in the job market and their lives. CCSS Parent Resource Guide 9–12 | | 11 #|

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READING College & Career Standards Key Ideas and Details Students should be able to: n Read text* closely to determine central ideas or themes* and identify characters and events, using details from the text* as support. n Analyze* how and why individuals, events, or ideas develop and interact over the course of a text*, and draw conclusions supported by specific evidence* from the text*. Craft and Structure Students should be able to: n Interpret and analyze* words and phrases as they are used in a text*. n Analyze* how different parts of a text* relate to the other, and assess how the content and style of a text* is shaped by the author’s purpose or point of view. | 12 | Center for Development and Learning

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Nearly 100% of Louisiana’s graduating class (49,178) took the 2014 ACT LA Students Meeting 2014 ACT Benchmark 56% met ACT English benchmark 32% met ACT Reading benchmark 18 22 Composite score is based on a scale of 1 to 36 Nationally, 64% met English benchmarks and 44% met reading benchmarks Integration of Knowledge and Ideas Students should be able to: n Use and combine information presented in various media and formats. n Analyze* how similar information is presented in different ways. n Compare* and contrast* two or more texts* with similar themes* or topics. n Determine whether or not an argument or claim is true and reasonable. Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity Students should be able to: n Read and comprehend complex texts* independently and proficiently. ELA Parent Resource Guide 9–12 | 13 |

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