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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA _____________________________________________________________________________ One day, as to all, it awoke in me the interest to learn the history of my ancestors. Disorderly, making many mistakes, finding walls that seemed insurmountable, little by little the story began to take shape. Many hours dedicated to my ancestral villages have allowed me to gather lots of information about them. The task, far from being completed, has been filling up hundreds files on my computer. Since the invitation of Dodie Rotherham and after becoming an AHSGR member as Coordinator a question has been always hovering around my mind. I don't live from genealogy. So, is it worth to keep so much information without sharing it? Finally, a few weeks ago I got up with a response: NO. This book is only part of the information. Unfortunately russian archives do not have more information about MARIENBERG to which I here present you. All are confirmed with their respective original records data. However, we have registered more than 800 events in the life of Marienbergers, which still have not been confirmed with supporting documentation.


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA _____________________________________________________________________________ I must thank many people and even at the risk of forgetting some they are: Martin Balik, my cousin, without whose aid much of this would not be possible. Jim Osborne, Coordinator for the village Dehler (among others), Catherine Hawinkels ( Vollmer Coordinator for the village, for the contributions provided us the research task Vollmer, Kamenka and Husaren. Rosemary Larson Angela Gartner Patricia Garyol Windecker, co-VC Laub Village And very special thanks to, Alexander Winter for their invaluable collaboration Jorge Bohn Córdoba, Argentina September 2014


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Marienberg, some historical data Marienberg was founded on the right bank of the river Biziuk, over the ravine, and west of the military road That came from the province of Astrakhan. The founders came from different colonies of District Kamena ( Rothammel, Seewald, Husaren, Kamenka, Semenovka, Shukk and Degott). The Name given to the colony did not fit with the topography (mountain sinifica Mary Marienberg) Predominantly Which was a plain, but the tradition That Refers to the name of some of the settlers. In 1864 It had 403 inhabitants. In the late 1870s the first OCCURS migration. families migrated to America 79. Marienberg originally belonged to the Catholic parish of Streckerau , but as of 1903 had a resident priest, and Became an independent parish. The colony grew and in 1910 Allocated each settler was an area of almost 500 square meters. In 1593 men and 1636 That Were Surveyed women. There was a school, a vodka factory, shoe workshop, two stores, three windmills, two bakeries. neither HAD Still no service electricity, water and sewerage. The cemetery was on the north side of the villa. The houses located on Were Both banks of the river Biziuk, so the move from one part to another of the town was a bridge over Difficult until the river, Which was built the village divided in half.


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The main road in was oriented northwest / southeast. Marienberg was part of the parish Bizyukskoy Novouzensk , in the district of the province of Samara. After the 1917 revolution Became the administrative center of Guangzhou Marienbergskogo Novouzensk in the Volga German Autonomous Region, being under the Control of the Village Council. In August 1921, 19 families fled the village, through barge on Volga River into Germany, after an arduous journey, where They Were welcomed, as shown by the records published in newspapers of 1922 the refugee camp in Minsk . Some families Also include registered camp called Frankfurt on der Oder. many of the Refugees in the camps Were reliable to travel to America, but not all were so fortunate, having to return to Russia When She lived in the campamenos was no longer Tolerated. The chronicles of the time tell That any inhabitant of field Achieved some kind of survival-eating fellowships Immediately Necessary work was excluded from the aid and Expelled from the settlement. The Fate of Those who managed to cross the ocean Were North America (USA and Canada) and Brazil and Argentina in South America. For the year 1926, 1891 people lived in Marienberg, of which 1882 or Germans Were Their descendants. In 1941, the Soviet Socialist Republic Dissolved of the Volga Germans, there was the mass deportation of the inhabitants of Marienberg to labor camps in Siberia. Destroyed the village was renamed SAND (sand) and the area was virtually uninhabited. At present in the area Settled farms are with people from Chechnya. There is a phone booth. The German past mounds survive only in places occupied by the houses of the Volga Germans Were destroyed, and the remnant of the cemetery.


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The remnant of what was eleven beautiful church, built in solid red bricks Were Also raised. Although it was bombed, only the steeple fell, and the edifice resisted, although Currently used as a place to store and Eventually as cattle barn. The inner , although it is destroyed Practically, Retains traces of beautiful frescoes painted on the walls. Source: NOTE: Special thanks to Denis Anikin, . , for your kindness to assign rights to reproduce the photos of this booklet.


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------WHERE CAME FROM THE FAMILIES THAT dwelt MARIENBERG ACCORDING TO CENSUS 01/23/1858 Householders are indicated only. No. (2) warns the presence of repeated names, which correspond to different families. SEEWALD STEINBACH, Philip - Altmeier Valentin - Scwab, Anton - SCHWAB, Konrad - SCHWAB, Johannes - STROH Martin - STROH, Lorenz - KAISER, Philipp - SCHELL, Jakob - DEGENHARDT, Peter - SCHERER, Michael - Schwab, Jakob - KAISER, Philipp (2) - KÜLB / KILB, Johannes - DEGENHARDT, Peter (2) - KAISER, Franz - Schwab, Konrad (2) - ZENTNER, Franz STEINBACH, Karl - KAISER, Andreas - ZENTNER, Lorenz - Altmeier, Konrad - HERGENRÄDER Peter - KÜLB / KILB, Johannes (2) - KÜLB / KILB, Franz - KÜLB / KILB, Peter - SCHELL, Valentin - KÜLB / KILB, Franz (2) - Schwab, Johannes (2) - KAISER, Philipp (2) - HORN, Peter - SEEWALD Valentin - STEINBACH, Franz - Schwab, Philipp - HORN, Jakob SCHELL, Franz - HORN, Andreas - KAISER, Peter - ANDES / BEFORE, Philipp - STEINBACH, Rafael SCHUCK BAUER, Jakob - REICHENBORN, Johann Phillip - Laumann, Peter - Laumann, Jakob - BAUER, Christian KAMENKA LEONHARDT, Andreas - GRÜNEWALD, Simon - GRÜNEWALD, Jakob


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------HUSAREN BOHN, Franz - DURBAN, Christian - DURBAN, Peter - Duckart, Georg - SEITZ, Friedrich - ENGRAF, Karl SCHIEBELBEIN, Johannes - EDDE / JEDDE, Johannes - BAUMGÄRTNER, Philipp - HANKEL, Philipp - STEINBACH, Philipp - DURBAN, Kaspar - DIWIWI, Georg Adam - Baumgardt, Samuel - KAGALOWSKI, Johannes - Baumgardt, Georg Adam - Laumann, Jakob - HOFFMANN, Sebastian DEGOTT BERNHARDT, Heinrich - Gruber, Lorenz - Koller, Lorenz - PERSON, Johannes - Gruber, Johannes - Jackel, Kaspar - BRAUN, Lorenz - KAISER, Johannes - KRIMM, Jakob ROTHAMMEL Safenreiter, Peter - FISCHER, Johannes - FUHR, Heinrich - MAURER, Adam - Weingardt, Johannes - HARTMANN, Konrad MAURER, Martin - GETJE / gertje Martin - Appelhans, Andreas - MATZAH, Philipp - DISTEL, Johannes - FRANK, Joseph BERBHARDT Martin - Mildenberger, Martin - MAURER, Jacob -Schneider, Nikolaus - MAURER, Johannes - MEIER, Nikolaus - Lehmann, Johannes - Lehmann, Jakob - Lehmann, Andreas - LECHAMNN, Joseph - Weingardt, Johannes (2) Weingardt, Georg - Basgal, Heinrich - MÜLLER, Heinrich - Basgal, Jakob - STORCK, Johannes - STORCK, Johannes (2) Weingardt, Katharina - SCHNEIDER, Joseph - FRANK, Joseph (2) - FRANK, Adam - FISCHER, Michael - MAURER, Lorenz SCHNEIDER, Nikolaus (2) - STORCK, Frank - BIEBER, Johannes - Basgal, Michael - Appelhans, Nikolaus - Appelhans, Lorenz


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SEMENOWKA Schwab, Andreas - HEIDT, Johannes - RUPP, Nikolaus - RUPP, Konrad - getten Valentin - HABERKORN, Ignatius - Herrlein Valentin - RUPP, Kaspar - SACHS, Johannes - ORTMANN, Johannes - KLOSTER, Peter - KLOSTER, Christoph - RAUSCH, Johannes - RAUSCH, Christoph - HABERKORN, Johann Adam - Herrlein, Ignatius - PFARGER, Johannes - HONECKER, Heinrich - KONRAD, Anton - DIEL / DIEHL, Johann Adam - Herrlein, Christoph - BREIT, Johann Georg - Weisbeck, Georg BOLGER, Philip - Herrlein, Heinrich - getten, Johann Adam - SCHELL, Johannes - ORTMANN, Christoph - DESCH, Vinzent SCHULZ, Andreas - LEONHARDT, Heinrich - BERG, Johannes - BEIER / BAYER, Stephan - DIEL / DILL / DIEHL, Johannes - DIEL / DILL / DIEHL, Franz - HEIL, Philipp - Grießen, Johannes - HEIDT, Ignatius - DITLER, Heinrich - DIESER, Kaspar SCHMALTZ, Joseph - SCHMALTZ, Konrad - SACK Valentin - KLOSTER, Johannes - KLOSTER, Paul - SCHELL, Ignatius KLOSTER, Johann - SACHS, Franz - SACHS, Peter - SACHS, Heinrich - SCHULZ, Johann Georg - BERG, Johannes (2) BEIER, Stephan (2) - Herrlein, Stephan Georg - SCHULZ, Jakob - HEIDT, Johannes - BENSACK, Joseph - BUSS, Johannes BUSS, Christoph - BUSS, Kaspar - BUSS, Johannes (2) - SCHMALTZ, Nikolaus - BERG, Ignatius - getten, Johann Georg KONRAD, Aloisus - KLOSTER, Heinrich - KLOSTER, Friedrich - ROSENBACH, Konrad - SCHMALTZ, Karl - PFARGER, Johann Adam - RAUSCH, Andreas - DIEL / DILL / DIEHL, Johannes (2) - SACHS, Johann Georg - RITT, Franz - SCHLERT, Johann Georg - getten, Johannes - HARTWIG, Johannes - BERG, Peter


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Description of the Marienberg colony, taken from the site Dramatic decrease in the number of inhabitants occurred between 1912 (3310) and 1926 (1734). Attributed to the famine of the 1920s, which was mostly and in deep form, in the region of Samara and emmigration?.


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA _____________________________________________________________________________


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- About the Marienberg Village Census Years 1857 and 1858 From a comparative analysis of the census of 1857 with the year 1858 (23.01.1858) whose original is int the Archives of Saratov, some significant differences appears . While the year 1857 Schuck families are not mentioned among the first settlers to Marienberg from that of 1858 top 5 families displaced from this village to Marienberg. The names of these families are: BAUER , Jakob with his wife Magdalena, 2 sons and 2 daughters. REICHENBORN, Johann Philipp with his wife Elisabeth, 3 sons and one daughter. LAUMANN, Peter , his wife Katharina, one daughter and two sons. LAUMANN , Jalkob, with his wife Elizabeth and 4 children. BAUER , Christian with 1 child. Schuck censuses actually registers the presence of these names in records of the year 1798 and in subsequent censuses.


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- "The church That would not fall" Original text published by GARY NEVARD on ihis website I wish to express my appreciation to one of the people that were inspiring when I began, long ago, in the arduous task PF Searching our ancestors. Marienberg, a Catholic German-Russian village, Also known as Bisiuk (Besuk), was located in the river valley Bisiuk some 15 to 30 miles east of the town of Seelmann Which was on the Volga River, 5 miles south of what was the Catholic village of Streckerau and acerca 25-30 miles south of the village of Brunnental Lutheran. The village straddled the Bisiuk river and the main road, north to south Which ran, crossed the river on the west side of the village and then continued on at an angle to the southeast. There was no bridge at the river, only to shallow That section could use wagons to cross the river. The climate in Marienberg would be very similar to the climate in North Dakota or southern Saskatchewan, along the USCanada border Which is the 49th parallel. Since Marienberg was located on the 51st parallel, This would mean That would be the summers hot and dry while the winters would be cold, harsh and windy. The village had a population of 3,310 in 1912 By using 15-20 as the size of the average German-Russian family, This would mean approximately 150-200 families lived in the village. A family would include all the family members Including grandparents, siblings, Their wives and everyone's children. It would


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MARIENBERG, VOLGA, RUSSIA --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Appear That the village three or four extended acerca blocks to the north of the river and the same to the south. The main road was located on the west side and the village extended acerca 5-6 blocks to the east. The families each owned about two acres of property in the village. Each block consisted of approximately ten properties and would be surrounded by a small path or wagon road. There Were orchards and agricultural lands to the west of the main road. A large water wheel was located just west of the road and was used by the Reit family to water the trees in the orchard and vegetable gardens Their alongside the river. The surrounding land, adjacent to the village on all sides, was the large agricultural area where the villagers grew various grain crops. Each family would Have Been Assigned Sufficient acreage owned or Their family to support. There Were no services in the village; no electricity, no running water and no sanitation. The village was quite primitive by modern standards. It has most likely to Been That Way In These small German-Russian Communities for Hundreds of years. In Addition to the houses in the village there was a large Catholic church, later Which Became Known as "the church Which would not fall." This was Because the Russian army was unsuccessful in destroying it acerca 1941 The church was located on the north river bank in the first block east of the main road. The front of the church faced west. There was a school, Which UNLIKE the houses, was built of wood and bricks. It was located in the second block east of the main road and two blocks north of the river. A block further north there was a vodka factory. On the outskirts of town, North towards Streckerau, there was a flour mill where the villagers would take Their grain into flour to be milled. There Were two bakeries in the village, not as we know them stores, but large brick ovens Which Were used by all the women of the village to bake bread. One was near the main road south of the river and one on the same road as the school and just down from the church. The shoe-maker was on the south side of the river, in the second block to the east Which would make it just east of the Reit property.



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