The Superior and the Inferior Testament

 

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About how the Old Testament Differs from the New Testament

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T The estament SUPERIOR and the INFERIOR 3 August 2014 DISCIPLESHIP 101 ALBERT L. OBERDORFER

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2 THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW TESTAMENT This morning I woke up with 2 scriptures in my mind. One scripture was from the Old Testament and one from the New Testament. The Old Testament scripture was from Psalm 65:3 where the psalmist says WHAT TIME [WHENEVER] I AM AFRAID, I will trust in thee. The New Testament scripture was from Philippians 4:4 where Paul 2 says, REJOICE IN THE LORD ALWAYS: and again I say, Rejoice. When I remembered those 2 scriptures I started to think about them, and in this short teaching I would like to share with you what the Holy Spirit has shown me. Now, when you pick up a normal bible, you will see that it is divided into 2 main parts. One part is called the Old Testament and one part is called the New Testament. A testament is a will

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3 that becomes effective when the person who wrote the will has died. As believers, we are now under the New Testament because Jesus, the mediator of the New Testament has already died. Hebrews 9:16-17 says, For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the DEATH OF THE TESTATOR [= JESUS’ DEATH]. For A TESTAMENT IS OF FORCE AFTER MEN ARE DEAD: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. Now the bible says that the new testament is better than the old covenant. It is build on better promises. It is superior. ... [Jesus] is the mediator of a BETTER COVENANT, which was established upon BETTER PROMISES (Hebrews 8:6) This means that as believers under the New Testament we have something better than the people who were under the Old Testament! Now let’s go back to these 2 scriptures I mentioned in the beginning and see which one is better. Paul says to us as believers, “Rejoice in the Lord always ...” Paul doesn’t talk about

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4 being sad or being in a bad mood at any stage. He says, “Rejoice always.” But the other scripture says, “What time [whenever] I’m afraid I will trust in you.” That means you are afraid first and then you start trusting. Now what is better? Not getting afraid but rejoicing all the time; or getting afraid first, and then trusting God? Not getting afraid but rejoicing all the time is much better! Right? So under the New Testament, we don’t need to be afraid at any time! We can rejoice in the Lord always! CORRECTLY DIVIDING THE WORD OF TRUTH Paul in 2 Timothy 2:15 instructed his spiritual son Timothy to study the word of God so that he could correctly divide the word of God. Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, RIGHTLY DIVIDING THE WORD OF TRUTH.

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5 We need to be able to correctly divide between the Old Testament and the New Testament because the old is inferior, the new is superior. Let’s look at another scripture pair and see which one is superior and which one is inferior. David in Psalm 51:10-11 says, Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away from thy presence; and TAKE NOT THY HOLY SPIRIT FROM ME. Jesus said in John 14:16, And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comfor ter [=THE HOLY SPIRIT], THAT HE MAY ABIDE WITH YOU FOR EVER ... And in Matthew 28:20, Jesus said, ... lo, I AM WITH YOU ALWAYS, even unto the end of the world. So David says, “Please do not take your Holy Spirit from me;” but Jesus says, “the Holy Spirit is with you forever” and “I am with you always even until the end of the age.”

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6 Which testament is superior? The New Testament that promises us that the Holy Spirit abides with us FOR EVER, and that Jesus is with us ALWAYS,—unconditionally! Did you notice that Jesus didn’t attach any condition to these promises? Once you have the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit will never leave you. He abides with you forever! Once you are in Christ, Jesus is with you always! Now this is dangerous doctrine. It makes you want to shout and dance for joy! A TEST FOR THE READER Here’s a test for you. I’d like you to decide which of these scriptures are part of the inferior Old Testament and which ones are part of the superior New Testament. There’s an answer key at the end passage. Enjoy!

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7 ‘CORRECTLY DIVIDING THE WORD OF TRUTH’-TEST Check ☑ which of the following scriptures are part of the Old Testament (OT) and which are part of the New Testament (NT). OT 1 ☐ NT ☐ SCRIPTURES And be ye kind one to another, tenderhear ted, forgiving one another, EVEN AS GOD FOR C H R I S T ' S S A K E H AT H FORGIVEN YOU. 2 ☐ ☐ If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and WILL FORGIVE THEIR SIN, and will heal their land. In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. HEREIN IS LOVE, NOT THAT WE LOVED GOD, BUT THAT HE LOVED US, AND SENT HIS SON TO BE THE PROPITIATION FOR OUR SINS. Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another. 3 ☐ ☐

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8 OT 4 ☐ NT ☐ SCRIPTURES And, behold, a certain lawyer stood up, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? He said unto him, What is written in the law? how readest thou? And he answering said, THOU SHALT LOVE THE LORD THY GOD WITH ALL THY HEART, AND WITH ALL THY SOUL, AND WITH ALL THY STRENGTH, AND WITH ALL THY MIND; AND THY NEIGHBOUR AS THYSELF. And he said unto him, Thou hast answered right: THIS DO, AND THOU SHALT LIVE. To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein [the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ] HATH MADE US ACCEPTED IN THE BELOVED. IN WHOM WE HAVE REDEMPTION THROUGH HIS BLOOD, THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS, according to the riches of his grace ... 5 ☐ ☐

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9 OT 6 ☐ NT ☐ SCRIPTURES And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. ... For IF YE FORGIVE MEN THEIR TRESPASSES, YOUR HEAVENLY FATHER WILL ALSO FORGIVE YOU: BUT IF YE FORGIVE NOT M E N T H E I R T R E S PA S S E S , NEITHER WILL YOUR FATHER FORGIVE YOUR TRESPASSES. 7 ☐ ☐ ...[E]XCEPT YO U R RIGHTEOUSNESS SHALL EXCEED THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF THE SCRIBES AND PHARISEES, YE SHALL IN NO C A S E E N T E R I N TO T H E KINGDOM OF HEAVEN.Ye have heard that it was said of them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

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10 OT 8 ☐ NT ☐ SCRIPTURES For [God] hath made [Jesus] to be sin for us, who knew no sin; THAT WE MIGHT BE MADE THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD IN HIM. For by one offering [on the cross] [Jesus] HATH PERFECTED FOR EVER them that are sanctified. What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us? He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things? WHO SHALL LAY ANY THING TO THE CHARGE OF GOD'S ELECT? IT IS GOD THAT JUSTIFIETH. Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? ... 9 ☐ ☐ 10 ☐ ☐

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11 SUMMARY The bible is divided into the Old Testament and the New Testament. The New Testament is superior to the Old Testament because it is build upon better promises. As believers we are now fully under the New Testament because Jesus died for us. When we read the bible, we need to correctly divide between those 2 testaments. ❀ Answer Key # 1 Ephesians 4:32, NT # 2 2 Chronicles 7:14, OT # 3 1 John 4:9-11, NT # 4 Luke 10:25-18, OT # 5 Ephesians 1:6-7, NT # 6 Matthew 6:12, 14-15, OT # 7 Matthew 5:20-22, OT # 8 2 Corinthians 5:21, NT # 9 Hebrews 10:14, NT # 10 Romans 8:31-35, NT

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