English training book2

 

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English training book2

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p. 1

From Radio to Story Telling to Grammar & More! Me on the left when I was working in Radio as a promoter with Jeff Healey and the Jeff Healey band. Jeff was playing and signing my Gibson Les Paul. The Door Quiz: You are trapped in a room with two doors and must go through one door. One door takes you to Hollywood, the other door, takes you to prison. There are two Security Guards each guarding one door. You can ask one Security Guard one question only. One Guard tells the Truth, the other is a Liar. And you do not know who is telling the truth. What is the question you ask one of the Guards to go to Hollywood? Answer on page 33. DEATH VALLEY — The world can be a cold, calculated place. The unidentified driver of the red mustang car pulls over to a side of the road. Next to the town’s Welcome Sign, there is a newspaper stand and the headline reads: ‘Assassination!’ Mr. X, a suspicious stranger, is dressed in an army uniform. He approaches the newspaper stand. He circles around and looks at the tabloid magazines. He does not see anyone working the booth. The cubicle is a buffet of information, tabloid gossip and picture postcards. Mr. X then sees ‘it’. Someone has left their mobile phone on the magazine shelf. How stupid and careless he thinks to himself. Mr. X looks around. He sees no one. He picks up the mobile phone and pockets it. Suddenly, the owner appears. She is a woman in her late 50s. “Do you know anything about a magazine called ‘Moral Compass’?” She shrugs. (The story of the Fox Hunt continues on the last page.) 1

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A Day at the Races! Spent the day reporting in 1991 in Toronto with the Mario and Michael Andretti. My First Pay Cheque for Writing. Did you keep your first pay cheque? I did. I earned $30.00 Canadian dollars for writing a freelance story about Police training in Canada. I never cashed the cheque. From left to right: Canadian Supreme Court Justice Frank Iacobucci, former television colleague Laura Albanese, who is now a Member of Provincial Parliament in Toronto Ontario and yours truly. The Judge’s advise to everyone: “Never dishonour the family, get an education and work hard!” Yours truly with actor Rick Moranis (Honey I shrunk the kids, Ghostbusters 2) and radio colleague Lynda. 2

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Vincent C. Torrieri After reading: A: How important is law enforcement in your country? B: How many police enforcement agencies do you have in your country? C: What type of formal education does your police force require? D: Have you ever had problems with the law? E: What are the rules and procedures for the police to make an arrest in your country? F: What can you do if the police conduct themselves improperly? G: How can you make an effective complaint in your country? Vocabulary — match the words with the definitions: A) B) C) D) E) A police cadet Trigger A dummy town Drug dealer Battered wife 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) a fake location the victim of domestic violence undergoing preliminary training, usually before full entry to law enforcement. someone who sells drugs illegally a small device that releases a spring or catch and so sets off a mechanism, especially in order to fire a gun. True or False? Domestic disputes are the most common calls for the police in Canada. 3

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The Fox Hunt Agency Business Trip. You are planning to visit the new branch office in Hong Kong. You need to book your flight, hotel and transportation. * You plan to meet candidates and interview them for the new Managing Director position. You plan to stay for one week. * You also plan to meet with some potential clients, many are located downtown, and you want to showcase your services. * You also plan to do some sightseeing because you have never been to Hong Kong. Choose the best option. Consider Quality, Price and Location. Your budget. Under €5,000. (If you can, you can pocket the money you save.) The Hong Kong Hilton Quality: Location: Facilities: Services: Extra: Cost: Parking Downtown Meeting rooms, Fax machine Internet in every room Fitness room Airport Shuttle service Concierge/restaurant €250 per night €20 per day The Hong Kong Princess Quality: Location: Downtown Facilities: Meeting rooms overhead projector and computer projector screens. Internet in every room Swimming pool, gym Services: Airport Shuttle service Extra: Top Concierge/restaurant Cost: €400 per night Parking €35 per day The Ping Pong Hong Kong Quality: Location: 45 Kilometres out of city Facilities: Meeting rooms, fax machine and internet points. Cost: €260 per night. Parking: Free Extra: Night pub/club The Hong Kong King Quality: Location: 40 Kilometres out of city Facilities: Meeting rooms, fax and internet points, Fitness gym, swimming pool, Shuttle service to the airport and downtown. Extra: Excellent restaurant Cost: €380 per night. Parking: Free Car Rentals Ryan Air– Low cost flights- €330 round trip. Doesn’t land in Hong Kong. Lufthansa—€1,200 round trip. There are no direct flights. Alitalia—€1,400 round trip. Direct flights offered. A €40 per day No radio B €45 per day. Radio included. C €49 Per day Full option + air conditioning 4

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Present Simple (I do) Exercises 1. Complete the sentences using one of the following. close (s) speak (s) drink (s) live (s) take (s) place We use the present simple to talk about things in general. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general. • • • Cause (s) Open (s) A. B. C. D. E. F. Linda _______ German very well. I never ________ coffee. The swimming pool _________ at 10 o’clock and __________ at 1800 every day. Drinking and driving is stupid and ________ many accidents. My mother____________ in Pescara. The Olympic Games __________ every four years. Nurses look after patients in hospitals. I usually go away at weekends. The earth goes round the sun. Remember that we say /he/she/it - s Don’t forget the s: I work. He works. They teach. My sister teaches. 2. Put the verb into the correct form. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. Miss Italy ______________ (not/drink ) tea very often. What time _________ (the banks/close) in Italy? Where ______________ (Mr. Scotland/come) from? He’s Scottish. What ______________ (you/do)? I’m an Accountant. It _____________ (take) me an hour to get to work. How long ____________________ (it/take) you? I __________ (play) the guitar but I ______________ (not/play) the piano. I don’t understand this sentence. What _____________ (this word/mean)? A liar is someone who __________________________ (not/tell) the truth. An atheist _________ __________ (not/believe) in God. Bees ___________ (make) honey. The sun ___________ (rise) in the east. Linda ________________ (not/work) in the summer. David _______________ (work) overtime and _______ __________ (not/get paid) for it. ______ you love me? We use the present simple when we say how often we do things. • I get up at 7 o’clock every morning. • How often do you go to the dentist? • In summer, David usually plays tennis once or twice a week. We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences. Do Does I/we/you/they he/she/it work? play? sing? I/we/ you/ they/ He/ she/ It do not does not work play sing 7

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Much, many, a little, few, a lot, plenty Put in much, many, few or little. 1. He isn’t very nice. He has __________ friends. David is very busy these days. He has ___________________ free time. Did you take _______________ photographs when you were on holiday? I am not tied up today. I don’t have _____ _________________ to do. The theatre was very crowded. There were too ____________________ people. Most of the town is modern. There are __________________ old buildings. The weather has been very dry recently. We have had ____________________ rain. We use much / many especially in negative sentences and questions. A lot of is also possible. We use much and little with uncountable nouns. Much time much luck Little energy little money 2. 3. We use many and few with countable nouns. (Usually in the plural form). Many friends many people Few cars few countries Plenty = more than enough There is no need to hurry. We have plenty of time. 4. 5. 6. 7. We did not need much money. = We did not need a lot of money. Do you know many people? = Do you know a lot of people? I do not go out much. = I do not go out a lot. Put in little / a little / few / a few / 1. 2. We must be quick. We have ________ time. Listen carefully. I’m going to give you _____________ advice. Do you mind if I ask you ______________ questions? This town is not a very interesting place to visit, so __________________ tourists come here. I don’t think Linda would be a good teacher. She has got _______________ patience. Would you like milk in your coffee? Yes, I would _________________, thanks. 3. 4. Little and few (without ‘a’ ) are negative ideas. (= not much / not many) We must be quick. There is little time. (= not much, not enough time). He is not popular. He has few friends. (= not many, not enough friends) 5. 6. 8

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Must and Have To EXERCISES. Must is personal. Complete the sentences with must or have to (in the correct form). Sometimes it is possible to use both; sometimes only have to is possible. 1. 2. It is really late. I must or have to go now. David left before the end of the meeting. He _____________ to go to another meeting. When you come to the Valley, you _____ ______ come and see us. It is always a pleasure. Last night, Larry Sellers became ill suddenly. We ____________ call a doctor. David does not like his job. Sometimes he _________________ work at weekends and late in the evening. Linda may __________ go away next week. Larry Sellers wears glasses. He ___________ wear glasses. Complete the sentences with must not or don’t / doesn’t have to. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Whatever you do, you __________ touch the light switch. It is dangerous. There’s an elevator in the building, so we ____________ have to take the stairs. Don’t make noise. We __________ wake up the baby. You __________ be a good tennis player to play with me. I __________ get up early tomorrow. We use must when we give our personal feelings. • She is a really nice person. You must meet her. I have not phoned Linda for ages. I must phone her tonight. • 3. Have to is impersonal. We use have to for facts, not for our personal feelings. • 4. 5. You can not turn left here. You have to turn right. My eyesight is not very good. I have to wear glasses. • 6. 7. Must not do something = it is necessary that you do not do it. (so, do not do it). You must keep it a secret. You must not tell anyone. (Do not tell anyone). I promised I would be on time. I must not be late. (= I must be on time). You do not have to do something = you do not need to do it (but you can if you want to). You can tell me if you want but you do not have to tell me. ( = you do not need to tell me). I am not working tomorrow, so I don’t have to get up early. 9

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Past Simple ( I did) Read what Linda says about a typical working day. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. She got up at 10:30 a.m. She ___________ a small breakfast. She _____________ a shower. She ______ dressed. She ______ to work. She ______ to work at noon. She ______ lunch at 1300. She ______ squash in the afternoon. She ______ home at five o’clock. She ______ tired when she _______ home. She ______ a small meal yesterday evening. Her friend _______ over to visit. They _______ the night together. Very often the past simple ends in —ed. (regular verbs): • I work for Mr. Scotland. Before I worked in a bar. • We invited them to the restaurant but they decided not to come. • The police stopped me on my way home last night. • She passed her exam because she studied very hard. But many verbs are irregular. Eat ——— Ate Fight ——— Fought Have ——— Had Go ———— Went See —–—— Saw. Complete the sentences. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take). The film wasn’t very good. I didn’t enjoy it. (enjoy) I knew that Mrs. Scotland was very busy, so I _______ ________ her. (disturb). I was very tired, so I ________ to bed early. (go). The bed was very uncomfortable. I _____ _______ very well. (sleep). Linda wasn’t hungry, so she _______ _______ anything. (eat). We went to Mr. and Mrs. Scotland’s home but they _____ ______ home. (be) It was a funny situation but nobody ______ (laugh). Linda ________ on the Concorde when she _____ to Bermuda. (fly, go) The hotel was very expensive. It _______ a lot. (cost). I was in a hurry, so I ______ ______ time to phone you. (have). Begin Bring Feel Get Lend Let Lose Ring Run Teach Think Understand Wake Up Wear Write Began Brought Felt Got Lent Let Lost Rang Ran Taught Thought Understood Woke Up Wore Wrote 10

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Used to (do) Complete the sentences with use (d) to .... + a suitable verb. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Linda gave up smoking two years ago. She used to smoke 50 cigarettes a day. David __________________ a motorbike, but last year he sold it and bought a Mustang. We came to live in The Valley a few years ago. We ____________________ in New York. I hardly ever eat ice-cream now but I ____________ _______ it when I was a child. Captain O’Really __________________ my best friend but we aren’t friends any longer. It only takes me about 20 minutes to get to work since the new road was opened. It ______________ ________ more than an hour. There _____________ a hotel opposite the station but it closed a long time ago. When you lived in Paris, ____________________ to the theatre very often? David stopped smoking two years ago. He doesn’t smoke any more. • But he used to smoke. • He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day. ‘He used to smoke’ = he smoked regularly for some time in the past, but he doesn’t smoke now. He was a smoker, but now he is not. Something used to happen = something happened regularly in the past but no longer happens. I used to play tennis a lot but I don’t play very often now. Linda used to go skiing a lot. These days he doesn’t go skiing so often. 7. 8. David changed his lifestyle. He stopped doing some things and started doing other things: He stopped [studying hard, going to bed early, running three kilometres every morning.] He started [going to Mario’s bar, spending a lot of money, spying on people.] Write sentences about David with used to and didn’t use to. 1. 2. 3. He used to study hard. He didn’t use to .......................................... ..................................................................... We also use (used to) for something that was true but is not true any more. The building is now a book shop. It used to be a cinema. I used to think she was unfriendly but now I understand she is a very nice person. I have started drinking coffee recently. I never used to like it before. Mrs. Scotland used to have very long hair when she was a child. The normal question form is did (you) use to? Did you use to eat a lot of sweets? 4. ..................................................................... 5. ..................................................................... 6. ..................................................................... Now write sentences about how you have changed. :-) 11

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Verb + ing or to Put the verb into the correct form, ing or to. Sometimes both forms are possible. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. They denied stealing the money. (steal). I don’t enjoy ___________________ very much. (drive) I don’t want ____________________ out tonight. I’m too tired. (go) I can’t afford ____________________ out tonight. Linda didn’t pay me and I haven’t got enough money. (go) Has it stopped ___________________ yet? (rain) Can you remind me _________________ some coffee when we go out? (buy) Why do you keep ___________________ me questions? Can’t you leave me alone? (ask) Please stop ________________ me questions! (ask) I refuse ____________________ any more questions. (answer) One of the suspects admitted ____________________ Mrs. French. (kill) Ms. October promised __________________ for the investigation expenses. (pay) Linda was having dinner with her private guest when the phone rang. She didn’t answer the phone. She just continued on __________________ (eat) and _____________________ (talk) with her friend. How did the thief get into the house? David asked. ‘I forgot _________________ the window,’ she replied. (shut) I’ve enjoyed _______________ you. (meet). I hope _________________ you again soon. (see) Richard and Natalie’s baby began _________________ in the middle of the night. (cry) Linda has been ill but now she’s beginning __________________ better. (get) I hate ____________ (cook). I need ___________ (go) shopping. We have no more food. I look forward ______________ (meet) you. I look forward ______________ (hear) from you again. I look forward ______________ (see) you in the near future. Would you like _______ (go out) for dinner? Do you ________________ (listen) music? Do you like ________________ (listen) music? Would you like ___________ (go) by plane or by train? Write sentences about the things you like and do not like doing. 1. _________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________ 3. _________________________________________________________ 4. 5. 6. _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 12

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Adverbs of frequency Personality Test. How often do you do these things? always usually often sometimes Not often Hardly ever never • Lie awake at night • Be angry • Argue with people • worry • Take risks • Be late for work • Tell jokes • Laugh at comedy shows • Wish things were different • Be sad • Have ‘fun’ • Read • Listen to music • Buy gifts Personality Test. How would you describe the personality traits of these characters? Sly Stallone (Rocky) Aldo, Giovanni, Giacomo President Obama Forrest Gump Victorio Sgarbi Lady Gaga Julia Roberts Lilly Gruber Maria Grazia Cucinotta Simona Ventura Your Boss A colleague A friend Your neighbour Your parents The Slick Politician is telling the Valley people how badly the government is doing. Look at the notes and give sentences using the comparative patterns. Examples Taxes high — hard to make a living. Taxes are getting higher and higher. The higher they become, the harder it is to make a living. Government corrupt –people angry The government is getting more and more corrupt. The more corrupt it becomes, the angrier people are. 1. Food expensive – people hungry 2. Industry weak – our problems great 3. People desperate – necessary to act 4. People poor – our chances of success small 13

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Present Perfect & the past simple (I have done and I did) EXERCISES. What happened in these situations? 1. David had a beard. Now he does not have a beard. He has shaved off his beard. Linda was here five minutes ago. Now she is in bed. She ___________________________. The temperature was 30 degrees. Now it is only 20. The temperature _________________. The light was off. Now it is on. Somebody ______________________. The tree was only three metres high. Now it is five metres high. The tree ________________________. The plane was on the runway a few minutes ago. Now it is in the air. The plane _____________________. He has lost the key. (present perfect) This means that he does not have the key now. 10 Minutes Later David has found the safe deposit key. He has it now. Has he lost the key? (present perfect) No, he has not. He has found it. Did he lose the key? (past simple) Yes, he did. He lost his key (past simple) but now he has found it. (present perfect). David is looking for the safe deposit key. He can not find it. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The present perfect is a present tense. It always tells us something about now. David has lost his key. He does not have it now. The past simple tells us only about the past. If somebody says ‘David lost his key,’ we don’t know whether he has it now or not. We only know that he lost it at some time in the past. Compare. Shakespeare wrote many plays. Stephen King has written many books. (He continues to write books). Put the verb into the most suitable form, present perfect or past simple. 1. 2. Look! Somebody has spilt wine on the carpet. David ___________________ (break) his leg. Really? How ___________________ (that/ happen?) He _______________ (fall) off a ladder. 14

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Present perfect continuous and simple (I haven been doing and I have done) Put the verb into the more suitable form, present perfect simple (I have done etc.) or present perfect continuous ( I have been doing etc.) 1. Where have you been? Have you been playing tennis? (you/play) Look! Somebody _____________________ (break) that window. You look tired. ________________________ (you / work) hard? _____________________________________ (you / ever / work ) in a factory? Linda is on holiday. Oh, is she? Where ________ _________________________ (she / go) ? My brother is an actor. He __________________ ____________ (appear) in several films. David Hunt is a private investigator. He ________ ______________ (investigate) the French Murder. Sorry, I am late. Have you __________________ ___________ (wait) long? Is it still snowing? No, it ____________________ (stop). I ___________________ (read) the book you lent me but I ________________________________ (not / finish ) it yet. I ____________________ (read) the book you lent me, so you can have it back now. How long ________________ (had) glasses? Miss Italy’s clothes are covered in paint. She has been painting the walls. Has been painting is the present perfect continuous. We are interested in the activity. It does not matter whether something has been finished or not. In this example, the activity (painting the walls) has not been finished. Example: My hands are dirty. I’ve been repairing my car. The walls were white. Now they are blue. Miss Italy has painted the walls blue. Has painted is the present perfect simple. Here, the important point is that something has been finished. ‘Has painted’ is a completed action. We are interested in the result of the activity (the painted wall), not the activity itself. Example: The car is OK again now. I have repaired it. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. How long have you had your sweater? I’ve had it for two years. How long have you been wearing it? I’ve been wearing it since this morning. 12. 15

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