Asian Tribune 02, May, 2014

 

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Asian Tribune 02, May, 2014

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¬∂Ù∆¡È «‡z«Ï¿±È Vol. 4 No. 97 Tel: 780-2000-246 www.asiantribune.ca, editor@asiantribune.ca 2 May, 2014 Indian-origin tech CEO ducks jail Measles Outbreak Declared despite beating girlfriend 117 times LOS ANGELES: Indian-origin internet advertising mogul Gurbaksh Chahal has escaped jail despite beating and kicking his girlfriend 117 times, according to a media report. Chahal, 31, pleaded misdemeanor, domestic violence and battery charges last week, dodging 45 felony counts for the videotaped 30-minute beating of his girlfriend, The Huffington Post reported. The CEO of RadiumOne - a Silicon Valley company that focusses on real-time advertising across web, mobile and Facebook faces no jail time. Chahal was sentenced to three minute attack. Prosecutors said Chahal lashed out at his girlfriend after learning that she had cheated on him during a trip to Las Vegas, according to court documents. Soon after Chahal posted his USD 1 million bail and hired former federal prosecutor James Lassart as his attorney, his girlfriend stopped cooperating with the investigation and refused to testify against him. During a preliminary hearing, Lassart did not deny that Chahal repeatedly beat his girlfriend, but insisted the physical damage was overblown. years’ probation, 52 weeks in a domestic violence training programme and 25 hours of community service. The Internet mogul was arrested in August last year after police responded to a 911 domestic violence call at his San Francisco penthouse apartment. His girlfriend told the officers that she was unable to breathe and that Chahal had told her four times, “I’m going to kill you,” a police officer said, adding: “She stated she was in fear for her life.” Home security footage reportedly showed Chahal beating and kicking his girlfriend 117 times during the 30- ¡ÒÏ‡≈ Á∂ ¡ÀÈ.‚∆.Í∆. Ò∆‚ ÏzÈ À ÓÀÙÈ ÚºÒØ ¡√Â∆Î∂ Á≈ ¡ÀÒ≈È AI ¡’±Ï B@AD Èß± ‘ØÚ◊ ∂ ≈ ¡≈÷∆ «ÁÈ ¡À ‚ «Ó≥ ‡ È (ÿÚ∆ ÏÒ≈√Íπ  ∆)¡ÒÏ‡≈ Á∂ ¡ÀÈ.‚∆.Í∆. Ò∆‚ ÏzÀÈ ÓÀÙÈ ÚºÒØ ¡√Â∆Î≈ Á∂‰ Á≈ ÓÈ Ï‰≈ «Ò¡≈ ‘ÀÕÏzÀÈ ÓÀÙÈ È∂ «’‘≈ «’ ¿∞ ‘ È≈ È∂ AI ¡’± Ï  B@AD ÂØ ¡ÀÈ.‚∆.Í∆. Á∆ Ò∆‚«√Í ÂØ ¡√Â∆Î≈ Á∂ ’∂ Ò≈Ì∂ ‘Ø ‹≈‰ Á≈ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ’∆Â≈ ‘À Í Í≈‡∆ Á∂ ÓÀ Ï  ‹»  «‘‰◊∂Õ¡≈¿∞Á∆¡ª «ÚË≈È √Ì≈ Á∆¡ª ⁄؉≈ «Ú⁄ Í≈‡∆ Á∆ ÚË∆¡≈ ’≈◊∞‹≈∆ Ò¬∆ «¬√ Á≈ ÎÀ √ Ò≈ ’∆Â≈ ‘ÀÕ¡ÀÈ.‚∆.Í∆.Á∂¡Ó À .¡ÀÒ.¬∂.‚∂«Ú‚ ¬∆◊È, ¡ÀÓ.¡ÀÒ.¬∂. ‚ÀÈ «ÏÒ¡≈¿∞√,¡ÀÓ.¡ÀÒ.¬∂.À⁄Ò ÈΩ‡Ò∆ È∂ «¬√ Â∂ ’ج∆ Ú∆ «’≥± Íz≥± ’È ÂØ È≈‘ ’ «ÁºÂ∆ ‘ÀÕÓÀÙÈ È∂ ¡ÒÏ‡≈ Á∆ ¡À È .‚∆.Í∆. Á∂ Ò¬∆ B@@@ ÂØ ÒÀ ’∂ √Ì ÂØ ÒßÓ≈ √Ó≈ ’≥Ó ’È Á≈ «’≈‚ Ú∆ ω≈«¬¡≈ ‘ÀÕÓÀÙÈ Á≈ AI ¡’±Ï ˘ Í«‘Ò∆ Ú≈ ⁄؉ «‹ºÂ‰ Á≈ BE √≈Ò Á≈ «¬«Â‘≈√’ «ÁÈ ‘Ø Ú ∂ ◊ ≈Õ «ÚØË∆ «Ë Ú≈¬∆Ò‚ ؘ Í≈‡∆ Á∆ Ò∆‚ ‚ÀÈ∆¡È √«ÓºÊ È∂ ¡≈Í-‰∆¡ª Ò∆‚ «√Í ’À∆¡ Áπ≈È Ú‰∆¡ª ’≥ Ó Ò¬∆ √π Ì ’≈ÓÈ≈ «Á≥«Á¡≈ «’‘≈ «’ √≈˘ ÏzÀÈ ÓÀÙÈ ÂØ Ï‘∞ ’∞fi «√º÷‰ Ò¬∆ «Ó«Ò¡≈ ‘ÀÕ Edmonton (ATB) :Alberta Health Services have declared outbreak of Measles in Edmonton, Calgary and Central Alberta for the first time in more than a decade. The declaration allows immunization of babies who wouldn't normally be vaccinated until they were older confirmed Alberta Health Services spokeswoman. Although the number of confirmed cases is relatively low, health officials believe people who have been unknowingly exposed could soon begin to have symptoms. Six cases of measles have been diagnosed in Edmonton, nine in Calgary and seven in central Alberta. Between 2001 and 2011, just 25 cases were reported in all of Alberta. In an attempt to contain the outbreak, Alberta will begin to provide special early measles vaccinations to infants aged six months to less than a year old. In Edmonton alone, there are about 8,000 infants that would be eligible. Early vaccinations will protect infants from measles for six months and will be given in addition to the recommended immunizations at 12 months and between four and six years of age. Parents of four- to six-year-olds are being urged to make certain their children have received their second vaccinations. Under Alberta's Public Health Care Act, students or staff at any school or child care facility who are exposed to measles and are susceptible are required to stay home. Anyone who has not received a measles vaccine is at risk, although people born before 1970 are generally considered immune because they would have been exposed to the virus, which once circulated widely.Alberta has had only two measles outbreaks since its twodose vaccine regimen was introduced in 1996 - Continued Page...4 Shaw # 530 Yash Sharma " 4955- 55 Ave, Edmonton, AB, T6B 3S3" Continued..Page 6

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Community Page Issue 97 (2) Issue 97 (2) Asian Tribune 22 May, 2014 May, 2014 Mortgage Expert Rotary club Edmonton Northern lights distributed 300 blankets to homeless Seniors at Operation FriendshipSenior Society, Edmontonlast week. “ My special thanks goes to our chief Guest, Associate Minister Naresh Bhardwaj ,Jimmy Morrison from Senior Society and our Club members Rob Paterson ,Roshan Gupta ,Terry Demers , Harold white and Jared” expressed Jay Sahni, President Community outraged over ‘racist’ poster making rounds in Brampton, won’t prompt charges Members of the Brampton community have taken to Twitter to express their outrage over a crude and “racist” poster filtering through the city. The poster, which surfaced on social media this week – following Vaisakhi celebrations and during Ontario’s Sikh Heritage Month – reads “The Changing Face of Brampton,” with a picture of a group of mainly white people , and below it a group of Sikhs at a rally. In between the two images it reads, “Consider this: according to 2001 Census City of Brampton, Mainstream Canadians made up 59.6 per cent of Brampton’s social fabric. In 2011, it dropped to 32.9 per cent. What will the Census findings be in five, 10, or even 15 years from now?” At the bottom of the flyer it asks “Is this really what you want?” directing readers to the website for Immigration Watch Canada, a group seemingly advocating for a reduction in the country’s intake of immigrants.While it’s unclear when and where the flyer is from, Twitter user Demi Caruso posted it Tuesday morning, which quickly got picked up, retweeted and referenced by other users. “Nothing like horrifying racism from (Immigration Watch Canada),” a @LadySnarksalot tweeted Tuesday.“What can be done about (Immigration Watch Canada)? Can we get the site taken down for promoting hate?,” Septembre Anderson posted on Wednesday. “Whoever is making antiimmigration posters in Brampton should be ashamed of themselves,” Steven Lee tweeted Thursday morning, alongside a photo of the flyer.Another Twitter user also identified the group’s photo choice as “bizarre,” identifying it as a rally protesting execution in Delhi – not even Brampton.Immigration Watch Canada describes Takhat Sri Hazoor Sahib Declares Bikram Majithia “Tankhiya” Giani Kulwant Singh NANDED-Taking a lead over Bikram Majithia’s blasphemous attempts to distort Gurbani, Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib has passed out a ruling declaring the Akali leader as tankhiya, guilty of religious mis-conduct. Bikram Majithia had distorted Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s “Deh Siva Bar Mohe Ehe” shabad by fitting Arun Jaitley’s name to it. Arun Jaity is the Akali/BJP candidate from Amritsar Sahib. Five Singh Sahibs from Takht Sri Hazoor Sahib have asked Sikh Sangat to shun all relations with Bikram Majithia until he is forgiven by the Khalsa Panth. The hukamnama from Hazoor Sahib has come after Akal Takht Sahib’s Jathedar, Giani Gurbachan Singh had stated that the issue will be deliberated upon during a meeting of five Singh Sahibs. Although Hazoor Sahib has issued this mandate in name of all Sikh congregations, usually it is only Akal Takht Sahib that passes such mandates and other Takhts only pass directives related to local Sikh community. Man deported for belonging to Sikh separatist group VANCOUVER — Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Board has ordered the deportation of a British man for belonging to a Sikh separatist group that was engaged in terrorism. Board member Geoff Rempel said in a ruling released Friday that Gurmej Singh Gill was a prominent member of Babbar Khalsa, which was also known as Babbar Khalsa International, and was personally connected to the group’s international leaders, travelled extensively, attended conferences and engaged the media. Rempel said Gill was likely aware of Babbar Khalsa’s terrorist activities during his tenure with the group, whether or not he supported them. “It is difficult to believe that Mr. Gill could have been unaware of the terrorist activities perpetrated by the BK/BKI in the 1980s and early 1990s, yet he remained a prominent member of the organization for many years,” said Rempel. “Even if Mr. Gill was comparatively moderate and did not approve of those tactics himself, he continued to belong to the organization.”As a result, Gill is inadmissible to Canada under the Immigrations and Refugee Protection Act, ruled Rempel.Sukhjinder Grewal, Gill’s lawyer, was not immediately available for comment.When asked if Gill had been deported, the Canada Border Services Agency said it doesn’t speak to individual cases because of privacy laws.“The decision to remove someone from Canada is not taken lightly,” the agency stated in an email. “The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act states that removal orders must be enforced as soon as possible. The CBSA is firmly committed to doing this.”Babbar Khalsa has been linked to the 1985 Air India bombing that killed 331 people on two flights that originated in Vancouver, and the Canadian government added it to a list of banned terror groups in 2003. Measles Outbreak Declared Continued Page....1 an outbreak of 242 cases in 1997 and 123 in 2000. Other provinces are seeing an upsurge in the disease, with 375 cases reported in an ongoing outbreak in British Columbia's Fraser Valley and 725 cases in Quebec in 2011. Although the chnaces of getting measles is eliminated through immunization, a 2009 national survey conducted by the Public Health Agency of Canada found only 69 per cent of sevenyear-olds had received their second vaccinations. When number of unvaccinated children are small among a sea of immunized students, an outbreak is unlikely to happen. But when there are more unvaccinated children, the disease can be transmitted for weeks, as it has had happened in B.C. www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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¬∂Ù∆¡È «‡z«Ï¿±È Vol. 4 No. 97 Tel: 780-2000-246 www.asiantribune.ca, editor@asiantribune.ca 2 May, 2014 WE PROVIDE VALUE FOR MONEY 1-866-4255004

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English Page Issue 97 (4) Issue 97 (4) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 2 May, 2014 Scientists invent portable British tourist who smashed his skull after fall Teenagers can no longer fertility test enabling men to test the quality of their tell the real world from the from Thai hotel has titanium plate fitted to fix sperm from their own homes internet, study claims dent and now hopes to find a ‘beautiful wife’ Teenagers can no ‘Well Versed’ has been A British tourist left with half a head after falling from the balcony of a Thai hotel has had his skull rebuilt - with the same metal used in space shuttles. Lee Charie, 32, from Stansted Abbots in Hertfordshire, was discovered lying on the floor with the left side of his skull smashed in after the falling 22ft from a hotel walkway in Koh Tao in 2012.Sixteen months after the plunge, he has had a six-inch titanium plate fitted to cover the dent, and now hopes to find a ‘beautiful wife’ and win the lottery. After the horrific incident, paramedics managed to resuscitate the extra from The Only Way is Essex after two days without showing any signs of life. But to allow his brain to recover, doctors removed a quarter of his smashed skull.When he was well enough to be transferred back to Britain two weeks later, he was handed the missing chunk of his head in a box and carried it in his luggage.Now the swimming pool maintenance worker’s head has been fixed - with thought when I got it was that when I go through metal detectors at the airport it’s going to go off. ‘There has been lots of positives since having the implant. I do feel more confident with it. ‘But physically I still have to be really careful with it and it can be painful. I can’t party like I used to. ‘When I think about the accident I still get emotional. I think about my parents and family and what they had to go through.‘The worst part of the whole ordeal was realising emotionally that I died and they brought me back to life.‘Now I am just thinking about moving on with my life and moving into a new place. The whole thing has given me perspective.’ He had planned to spend 30 days in Thailand as part of a return trip to the country. But while staying in the Tommy Resort, in Koh Tao, he fell from a second floor walkway smashing the side of his skull. He had to have part of his skull removed while in intensive care for a fortnight and his family were told he could be paralysed down his righthand side.But luckily the 32-year-old was strong enough to be transferred back to Britain on January 18. He brought the fragment back to the UK in a sterile box in hand luggage which was guarded by his doctor. Experts at Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge then used the bone to mould a new titanium plate to be fitted in his head. The plate is around six inches long and is made from the same material used to construct giant passenger jets and even space ships. longer differentiate between the online world and real life, according to a survey.The research raises questions about whether schools are doing enough to educate children about the dangers that lurk online.The survey launched to help teenagers share techniques for dealing with risks online.The e-safety project, designed for secondary school pupils aged 13 to 15, was set up by campaigners who argue that online threats are still not being taken seriously enough. According to its website, it aims to ‘encourage young people to share their best advice for mastering life online, and share their learning’. Cyberbullying is an increasing worry for parents, with an 87 per cent rise in victims calling Chidline last year. The charity saw 4,507 cases of online bullying between 2012 and 2013. According to the NSPCC, 38 per cent of young people have been affected by cyber-bullying. In 2011, researchers found children were often happier with their online lives than they are with reality. a plate made from metal normally found in the fuselage of space shuttles and passenger jets. Mr Charie said: ‘There’s a big slab of titanium in my head now and I’ve got the nickname ‘space shuttle head’ from my mates.‘The first thing I commissioned by Google and Vodafone further warns that children’s online behaviour changes significantly when they make the step up to secondary school. But it also found that older teens are eager to share what they have learnt with their younger peers - with children apparently more likely to heed their advice than the guidance of teachers or adults. A campaign, called Researchers in the US say their easy-to-use kit could be available to consumers as early as next year, meaning men focussed on their fertility issues would no longer have to endure frequent trips to the doctor to test their sperm. Greg Sommer and Ulrich Schaff, who founded a startup company to develop their device, say the tests can give a result within minutes.They are now working on a mobile app so that men can use their phones to study to results of the test, and learn how to discuss them with doctors.‘It allows men to test and track their fertility from the comfort and privacy of their own homes,’ Mr Sommer told the Albuquerque Journal. ‘It’s a portable, easyto-use diagnostic system with the accuracy of a clinical lab test.’ The scientists came up with their idea while working at Sandia National Laboratories in California, where they created a device that quickly detects toxins or other biological threats in emergency first responders. www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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Issue 97 (5) Asian Tribune Asian Star Pal Singh Purewal Native village/Country, parents’ background Village Shankar, Disstt Jalandhar [India], Father was Patwari and mother was housewife Your early education B.Sc., B.T. from India. Became Senior Engineer because of technical experience When & why you came to Canada? 1974, extended family re-union and career advancement opportunities How many dollars you brought in? I started with $10/- like most of our people did What you did for initial survival? I was prepared to accept any kind of job. However, I picked entry level technical jobs Your career advancement initiatives and present occupation Because of my technical acumen, hard work, study and willingness to adjust in altogether different working conditions, I rose to the level of Manager [Technical] and member of the Board of Directors of reputed Miller Office Group. Presently, internationally recognised expert on Calendrical Science Your regret in life I wish, could have learnt music. Irrespective of the fact that “Nanakshahi Calendar” has been accepted by most part of the world, it has been tempered with by SGPC Pick any one of your the best achievements Completion of “Nanakshahi Calendar” with deep study of Sikh history, Sikh scriptures, Mathematics, computer programming, science of Calendars and Ancient text about Indian Calendars Were you ever discriminated? Never on my job since 1965 What you miss in Canada? Generation gap is weakening bonds of deep affection that used to be treasured back home Are you happy in Canada? Very happy Why? Because of two things. My job satisfaction and very active involvement and interaction with our community for the last 36 years in Canada. I enjoy and appreciate the recognition our community gave me Any comments on Canada’s weather We have to live with it Any comments on Canada’s culture This is a wonderful country where multiculturalism is whole heartedly and very actively supported What brought you success in Canada? Hard work, flexibility, will to succeed, honesty, discipline, helping others, politeness, humility, contentment, belief in self Your advice to new immigrants Do not be disappointed with your initial struggle and frustrations. You will be able to overcome with time. Have faith in yourself and do your best Your message for Canadians of Asian origin Be always positive MIT neuroscientists have identified a brain circuit which is key to shifting our focus from one object to another. Massachusetts Institute of Technology neuroscientists found how the brain achieves focused attention on faces or other objects. They found that a part of the prefrontal cortex known as the inferior frontal junction (IFJ) controls visual processing areas that are tuned to recognise a specific category of o b j e c t s . S c i e n t i s ts know less about this type of attention, known as object-based attention, than spatial attention, which involves focusing on what's happening in a particular location. "However, the new findings suggest that these two types of attention have similar mechanisms involving related brain regions," said Robert Desimone, the Doris and Don Berkey Professor of Neuroscience, director of MIT's McGovern Insti- How brain pays attention decoded The researchers presented the overlapp i n g streams at two different rhythms - two images per second and 1.5 images per second allowing them to identify brain regions responding to those stimuli. Each subject was told to pay attention to either faces or houses; because the houses and faces were in the same spot, the brain couldn't use spatial information to distinguish them.When the subjects were told to look for faces, activity in the FFA and the IFJ became synchronised, suggesting that they were communicating with each other. When the subjects paid attention to houses, the IFJ synchronised instead with the PPA, researchers found. 2 May, 2014 tute for Brain Research, and senior author of the paper. "The interactions are surprisingly similar to those seen in spatial attention. It seems like it's a parallel process involving different areas," Desimone said.In both cases, the prefrontal cortex - the control center for most cognitive functions - appears to take charge of the brain's attention and control relevant parts of the visual cortex, which receives sensory input. For spatial attention, that involves regions of the visual cortex that map to a particular area within the visual field. In the new study, the researchers found that IFJ coordinates with a brain region that processes faces, known as the fusiform face area (FFA), and a region that interprets information about places, known as the parahippocampal place area (PPA). The FFA and PPA were first identified in the human cortex by Nancy Kanwisher, the Walter A Rosenblith Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at MIT.For this study, the researchers used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to scan human subjects as they viewed a series of overlapping images of faces and houses. Ashton College Reaches out to Community with Career Seminar (Vancouver, BC) May 2, 2014 – The career options available today are varied and diverse. However, sometimes the barrier between starting a new career and gaining the professional success that you desire is simply that you may be unaware of your options. At Ashton College, we are dedicated not only to providing quality, practical education, but also to reaching out to the community so that they are aware of the many options available to them. To doso,we areoffering a unique and free seminar to the public. This is an exciting new venture for Ashton College and it allows Ashton to not only celebrate the community, but also provide them with invaluable career information. The seminar will focus on careers which have grown in popularity due to recent media attention and new government regulations including International Trade.Vancouver is poised to be a hub for international trade connecting with markets across North American as well as with China. Moreover, new deals brokered with the European Union mean that more jobs will be coming to Vancouver. As previously mentioned International Trade is an up and coming career. Trade between Canada, the United States, and Mexico has been strong since the creation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in the mid-1980s, and has contributed to the growing need for international trade professionals. A diploma in International Trade will give you the skills, knowledge, and preparation to take advantage of these new opportunities in the international market. Moreover, you will also have the opportunity to overcome cultural barriers and to build lasting international alliances. The seminars will be hosted by Ashton College Career Services Coordinator, Tamara Papo. Mrs. Papo has been with Ashton College since 2011 and has a BA in Psychology. In 2013, Papo completed a Post Graduate Degree in Employment Facilitation from Yorkville University. Held at Newton Public Library on June 24 from 6:30 PM – 7:30 PM this free drop-in seminar will allow attendees to gain valuable knowledge on the Canadian job market, as well as, learn how these in-demand careers are not only financially rewarding but stable as well. Other careers highlighted include, Immigration Consultation, Bookkeeping, and Home Inspection. The goal of this free career seminar is to help attendees find the right path to success and to educate them on the steps necessary to achieve their career goals and aspirations. About Ashton College is located in Vancouver, British Columbia. The college has been in operation since 1998, helping students gain practical skills and knowledge to start rewarding and successful careers. Ashton College offers both in-class and online programs taught by industry professionals. Ashton College is internationally recognized for its value and quality of instruction, helping students reach their full potential in a variety of careers. Contact: Rachael Zapp Event oordinator rzapp@ashtoncollge.com phone: 604-899-0803 / ext: 115 toll free: 1-866-759-6006, fax: 604-899-0830

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Issue 97 (6) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 PUNTERS bet on BJP THE ODDS ON THREE HOPEFULS DELHI MADHYA PRADESH WEST BENGAL GUJARAT MAHARASHTRA 20 PAISE 25 PAISE 20 PAISE 30 PAISE 18 PAISE `10 75 PAISE 40 PAISE `1 `12 `50 `25 NA `40 `500 HOW IT WORKS: Every party or candidate is priced at less or more than ` 1; these are the odds. The winnings are arrived at by multiplying the odds with the bet and adding to the placed amount. For example, if candidate A is quoted at 50 paise in the satta market, and if a person were to make a winning bet of ` 1,000 on this candidate, the bettor would get 0.5 multiplied with 1,000 plus the original 1,000. He would thus get ` 1,500 (` 500 plus ` 1,000). High odds are bad news for candidates / parties, and the higher they go the worse the chances of a victory are. Conversely, low odds indicate victory, and the lower the odds the rosier the forecast. THREE weeks to go, and it’s been a long election already with analysts and opinions and forecasts poured relentlessly into the mix. For those willing to put money where their mouth is, the illegal betting racket— or satta bazaar— that thrives across the nation is the real ground report. And the satta bazaar sees saffron shining now, with the Capital’s punters giving the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) at least 200 seats in the Lok Sabha, and the party’s prime ministerial nominee Narendra Modi an unassailable lead over his main Congress rival. If the calculations of these punters are to be believed, the BJP has stormed way ahead of the Congress, and it is very likely that the saffron party will manage to form a government with the help of alliances. In other words, the word from the satta street is: Modi will be prime minister. The odds on prime ministerial candidates and party leaders tell the story. In a system where high “ rates” mean long odds and spell disaster and low “ rates” mean short odds and indicate triumph ( see accompanying box on how the racket works ), Modi leads the pack with quotes from as low as 18 paise in Mumbai to a surprising 30 paise in Gujarat (see box on odds ). Congress vicepresident Rahul Gandhi is many times more a riskier bet, with rates varying from a horrendous ` 12 in Mumbai to a somewhat respectable 40 paise in West Bengal. The hub With poll results looming in the near future, the illegal betting market is thriving in areas around the national Capital. T H E CONTACT visited Hapur in western Uttar Pradesh, about 60 km from Delhi and one of the main bases for illegal betting. Mumbai most saffron-sure ■ Madhya Pradesh - 26/29 ■ Uttar Pradesh - 50/80 ■ Andhra Pradesh - 26/42 ■ Arunachal Pradesh - 1/2 ■ Assam - 7/14 ■ Bihar - 30/40 ■ Chhattisgarh 11/11 ■ Goa - 2/2 ■ Gujarat - 24/26 ■ Haryana - 4/10 ■ Himachal Pradesh - 1/4 ■ J&K - 1/6 ■ Jharkhand 10/14 ■ Karnataka 18/28 ■ Kerala - 4/20 ■ Maharashtra 35/48 ■ Manipur - 0/2 ■ Meghalaya - 0/2 ■ Mizoram - 0/1 ■ Nagaland - 0/1 ■ Orissa - 7/21 ■ Punjab - 8/13 ■ Rajasthan 23/25 ■ Sikkim - 0/1 ■ Tamil Nadu 8/39 ■ Tripura - 0/2 ■ Uttarakhand 4/5 ■ West Bengal 12/42 ■ Delhi - 6/7 ■ Andaman & Nicobar - 0/1 ■ Chandigarh 1/1 ■ Dadra & Nagar Haveli - 0/1 ■ Daman & Diu 0/1 ■ Lakshadweep 1/1 ■ Pondicherry 0/1 TOTAL: 317/543 *These are the Mumbai satta market projections. MAIL TODAY does not subscribe to any of them. Hapur is also home to a futures trading centre that is considered one of the largest in this region. Sources revealed many businessmen in Hapur have placed illegal bets worth lakhs of rupees.With the help of local connections, a THE CONTACT team talked with several punters who gave a clear idea of the betting operations. THE CONTACT also talked to a few persons in Delhi who are part of an extensive betting network that spans the country. The satta market’s poll predictions are most evident through the odds offered. “ It is almost clear that Modi is the uniform choice for the prime minister’s post and our bosses are confident of the BJP coming to power at the Centre. There may be some hurdles and the party may need to do some manipulation at the last moment,” said one punter. Giving details of the odds, he said: “ If you bet one rupee on the BJP winning 200 seats, you’ll get a return of 10 paise. Nobody wants to place bets on the Congress getting more than 110 seats.” The rates suggest that bookies believe the BJP will easily get 200 seats.The odds for Modi wearing the crown are 20 paise. This means if he becomes the PM, a person betting ` 1 lakh will get a return of ` 1.20 lakh. For Rahul Gandhi, the odds are ` 10, which means one can get ten times the bet amount.People also bet money on the number of seats the BJP or Congress is likely to win. While the betting world seems to be sure of the BJP getting 200 seats in the Lok Sabha on its own, punters said the Congress may barely reach 120 to 125 seats. “ Earlier, we were told than 100 seats, but since Priyanka Gandhi has come out aggressively in the campaigning, they say that it may get a few more seats,” said a bookie in Delhi. According to the betting market in Delhi, the odds on the BJP winning 200 seats are 10 paise. For 210 seats, it is 15 paise and for 220 seats, it is 25 paise. The odds go up to 80 paise for 230 seats and 90 paise for 240 for the BJP. Another Hapur punter said, “ There are many like us operating under four to five bigger players. We have become alert as police had arrested four men last year. Many of us shifted base to nearby cities like Delhi, Meerut and Agra. But businessmen here are still putting a lot of money through the old players.” www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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English Page Issue 97 (7) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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English Page Issue 97 (8) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 (L-R) Sunil Alagh, Surjit Bhalla, Uday Mahurkar, Aroon Purie and Bibek Debroy at the book launch. By Mail Today Bureau in New Delhi HILE claims and counter claims over the accuracy of Gujarat’s developmental model have been doing rounds, especially this poll season, a new book takes a look at the path-breaking initiatives taken by Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi to understand and reveal the ground reality of what his model of governance really is. W The book titled ‘Centrestage: Inside the Narendra Modi Model of Governance’ was released on Thursday. Written by Uday Mahurkar, senior editor with India Today, the book has also charted the process of how Modi turned many a loss-making state enterprises into profit-making entities. “Modi’s ability to generate a It is not just about numbers. There has sense of pride among people on been an incremental improvement in the basis of past achievements of the society and his will power to Gujarat in social indicators. Gujarat’s implement initiatives are his development is about a set of principles. strong points that make him a popular leader among people of all — BIBEK DEBROY sections,” said Mahurkar, who has been following Modi since 1986. Releasing the book, Aroon Purie, even better than Sanjay Baru’s states. But this book provides a the Chairman and Editor-in-Chief book. Everyone is talking about ground level view of how goverof India Today Group, said the the Gujarat model of develop- nance has been changed by book will provide a ground reality ment. One can be confused with Modi,” said Purie. of how Modi’s model has worked. the various statistics on Gujarat Purie said the book describes “The timing of this book is perfect, and its comparison with other how Modi’s style of governance, THE INSIDE STORYOF THE GUJARATMODEL which has done away with the dole system, and his aggressive use of technology in governance have resulted in people getting quality services. “Modi’s belief is that if you provide quality services then people will buy it,” he added. The book has chapters dealing with topics like energy, technology, agriculture, finance, and innovation. “I have backed all the chapters with facts and figures to give a clear picture of how Modi’s model of governance has fared in various departments,” said Mahurkar, who has covered Gujarat extensively. The panel comprising Bibek Debroy, professor at Centre for Policy Research, Sunil Alagh, business executive, and economist Surjit Bhalla said Modi’s biggest strength is his style of governance which brings efficiency and transparency. “Modi has turned around the agriculture sector in Gujarat. It has shown a consistent growth of 7 per cent in the last 10 years,” said Bhalla. The event was moderated by M AIL T ODAY editor Sandeep Bamzai. ‘ www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa ‘

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Editorial Page Issue 97 (9) Editorial Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 But he’s the McDonald’s Canada CEO calls ‘bullshit’ on foreign worker controversy chosen one! Narendra Modi says he has been “chosen by God” to undertake the “difficult tasks” for the country. “Kuch log hote hai jinko ishwar kathin kaam ke liye hi pasand karta hai ... Kuch log hote hai jo sankato se jujhne ke liye aise hi logo ko parmatma pasand karta hai (There are some people who are chosen by God for undertaking difficult tasks. God likes people who can tackle difficult tasks). “Mujhe lagta hai shayad mujhe ishwar ne is kaam ke liye pasand kiya hai. Bas apke ashirvad jur jane chahiyein. Apke ashirwad jur gaye to kathin se kathin kaam bhi aram se ho jayega ... aur main karke dikhaunga ...” Which basically means, “God chooses certain people to do the difficult work. I believe god has chosen me for this work. Now I only need your blessings,” Mr. Modi said in a 3D address telecast. This belief that he is the chosen one is with Mr. Modi not a political ploy as it perhaps was with George W. Bush, who also felt chosen. There is no religious constituency that Mr. Modi is going after which he already doesn’t have. He genuinely believes that it is his individual excellence that this country of 1.2 billion has been missing, and which will take it to its destiny as a great power. In the same speech, Mr. Modi made a pragmatic concession to those who may not have seen him in messianic terms. He said: “The polls on 232 seats have already decided who is forming the next government. That the United Progressive Alliance is losing miserably is a foregone conclusion. So, why not vote for a stable government? I urge all of you, especially the fence-sitters, to vote in record numbers.” It is remarkable to me that there are others who buy into this idea of Mr. Modi’s that an individual can correct the course of a hapless nation. In an interview with the Financial Times last weekend, the economist, Jagdish Bhagwati, said that he was “overwhelmed” by Mr. Modi. They had met once very briefly, and Mr. Bhagwati was totally taken by him. In a piece for a newspaper he had written about the Gujarat Model in terms which I thought were quite innocent. Mr. Bhagwati wrote: “I also believe that the Gujarat template is ideal: its people believe in accumulating wealth but they believe also in using it, not for self-indulgence but for social good. This comes from the Vaishnav and Jain traditions that Gandhiji drew upon as well. The best “foreign” model of this type is exemplified by the most distinguished Columbia University Professor of History and Art History, Simon Schama, who wrote about the Dutch burghers who had similar values and lifestyles. It is also a great model for India, I believe.” What exactly is this Gujarat template? Mr. Bhagwati did not say much. The problems with Mr. Bhagwati’s assertions are two: First, Mr. Bhagwati (who is a Gujarati) appears to have the same utopian idea about his state that many Gujarati immigrants have about their homeland. The reality is different. The ‘baniya’ is excellent at accumulating capital but not particularly good at giving it away. There are no great philanthropists in Gujarat. The most obvious, but by no means most uncommon, example is the Ambanis. They built a home worth a billion dollars for them-selves (“not for self-indulgence”?) and fees at the Dhirubhai Ambani International School they built are Indian Rupees (INR) 500,000 a year. A wellness check-up at the Kokilaben Ambani hospital costs INR 5,000. How is any of this “social good”? It could be argued that this mentality is changing (for instance, the superb philanthropic work of Azim Premji, also a Gujarati). But this is hardly from the Vaishnav and Jain tradition. The second problem is less easy to resolve, even for the chosen one. The basis of Gujarat’s economy is its mercantile castes, which are present among its Hindus, Jains and even among Gujarati Muslims. Bengal, Bihar and Orissa don’t have this asset. There is not a single Bengali, Bihari or Oriya in the Forbes list of Indian billionaires, but there are a dozen Gujaratis from four religions. How does the “Gujarat template” apply to these states? Again, we don’t know. What we do know is that Mr. Modi believes in it, and that he believes God has sent him down to implement it. This would be funny, if it were not frighteningly real. Kenney acts amid temporary foreign workers scandal the public broadcaster. “Throughout, we have cooperated with the CBC to assist the accuracy of its coverage but the CBC has repeatedly omitted facts and pertinent information employers.” The full response issued by McDonald’s on Friday morning: On April 24, 2014 CBC News’ The National aired edited segments of a confidential conference call between McDonald’s Canada President and CEO, John Betts, and company franchisees. The call was scheduled by McDonald’s Canada to discuss, with candour, our concerns about the use of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program in our restaurants, the immediate and effective steps we were taking to address any issues and to express our deep concerns about media coverage by the CBC. McDonald’s Canada has built a strong reputation for being open, honest and transparent in all our communications and dialogue with consumers. We do not shy away from accepting responsibility and taking ownership in areas where we can do better. We recognize that we have work to do to make things right with regard to our use of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program.From the very outset, McDonald’s Canada has acted swiftly and forcefully to investigate and address any and all allegations. We do not tolerate any misuse of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program, any breach of employment standards or any infractions of any kind against our employees. McDonald’s Canada chief executive used the word “bullshit” to describe recent criticism of its use of temporary foreign workers during a conference call to franchisees, according to a recording given to the CBC. Just as news of the call was being reported, though, Employment Minister Jason Kenney announced that the food services sector would no longer be eligible for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program in response to allegations of its abuse from across the country.“This has been an attack on our brand. This has been an attack on our system. This is an attack on our people. It’s bullshit OK!” said CEO John Betts during the Tuesday call conducted in response to McDonald’s independent decision to put its use of the program on hold after three franchises in Victoria were alleged to be giving foreign workers priority status or more work hours. But evidence of the CEO’s reaction has forced McDonald’s into spin control mode. “The CBC has continually misrepresented our employees and ignored its responsibility to provide objective and balanced reporting to the public,” responded the fast food giant in reaction to the report on the call from provided by McDonald’s. “Instead, the CBC has relied on a handful of disgruntled individuals, mostly ex-employees, to attempt to tarnish the reputation of one of Canada’s leading Canadian Rising Stars Risk Everything for Peace F i l m m a k i n g duo, Shreela & Kash, spin faith, hope, and trust into stories of intrigue and mystery with thought provoking issues of our times. Their not to miss movie, Rock Paper Dice Enter, can only be seen at Landmark theatres across Canada starting June 6. The film’s storyline about a diamond heist touches on the Tibetan struggle for freedom as a crime of compassion. Shreela & Kash tell a compelling story that engages people from different countries, different cultures, and different age groups. They consider their movie a gift to the Dalai Lama and South Asian diaspora who struggle with glass ceilings, stereotypes, difficulties with accents and come out shining like superheroes. Kash Gauni, a trained firefighter, is a fully realized Canadian, based in Toronto for over twenty years. His contagion for happiness inspires him to go on a limb for a good cause. The lead role of Roman may very well be an extension of who Kash is in real life. He has a career in the IT industry, he’s the ethnic face for large corporations and he’s a published author. A typical day on set with the actor sees Kash Gauni, demonstrating Edmonton jazz composer Glen Halls and Indian classical mandolinist, Snehasish Mozumder, a rising musician in India. Add to the mix the cool factor from the film’s original soundscore by Edmonton based Lance Landiak. The slick look of the film can be attributed to the Hollywood crew which combined with Canadian sensibilities makes the movie stand out on the world stage. The cast of the film made up of Alberta Alisters includes a real life cop from the Edmonton Police Service. The films locations include CBC, Tashi Ling Buddhist temple, the E d m o n t o n International Airport, and Kings University College. An impressive list of sponsors and crowd source funders who rallied in support of the film can be found in their website: http:// rockpaperfilms.com. The film is definitely a conversation piece around current issues: be it Dalai Lama’s leadership of the Tibetan Freedom Movement, Edward Snowden’s act of human conscience that has him on the run, or the state of women and Indian actors in international films. Not only will you be at the edge of your seats but you’ll come out wiser than when you went in. Jet Black Char Coal Cheddar Cheese Is Made with Real Charcoal Manor Farm Shop in Leasingham, England, is currently selling one of the weirdest cheeses in the world – Char Coal Cheese. And true to its name, it’s actually made with real charcoal. These jetblack blocks might not look (or sound) very appetizing, but they seem to be a huge hit with cheese lovers. In fact, the shop’s staff say that people have been coming back for more ever since they introduced the bizarre delicacy “It’s a mature cheddar but it’s completely black inside where it’s mixed with the charcoal but it tastes really creamy,” said Dan Mansfield, assistant manager at Manor Farm. “The company we get some of our cheese supplies from said they had got this new cheese in stock and it was made from charcoal so we thought we’d give it a try. I’d never heard of it before and it doesn’t look very appetizing, but it is very nice. We’ve had a sample block cut up in the shop for customers to try and so far everyone who has tried it has bought a whole block.” The idea of combining charcoal and cheese is so unusual that I wonder how anyone thought of it in the first place. Amy Birkin from Michael Lee Fine Cheeses (the creators of charcoal cheese), said: “We toyed with the idea of making a black cheese and how we could make this look appealing.” And when they came to know of the various mining communities around them that needed support, they found their ‘black ingredient’. his willingness to go the distance for a movie by performing his own risky stunts fit for a thriller. Kash Gauni sought a woman director to turn his story into a film with a unique perspective and found Shreela Chakrabartty in Edmonton. Shreela is twenty years into a career in the film industry, having worked on a few feature films including Oscar nominated, Water. Although Shreela and Kash had not met in person until halfway through production of their first film, they applied their motto of faith, hope and trust to prove to each other that they can produce a movie on the basis of a good story worth sharing around the world. As a woman director of South Asian origin, Shreela Chakrabartty, found opportunity to shed role stereotypes. Says Shreela, “I loved being able to portray an Alpha Female Mayor who can stand up for herself. We turned a male Deputy Chief role into a woman and showed a soft spoken, gun wielding medical agent. The lead character of Roman is an Indian accented anti-hero, not a villainous Indian terrorist, but a total enigma, who will slowly unravel over time, over multiple films. In my mind, I imagined him coming out of scenes from Dev Anand, young Amitabh Bachchan and Al Pacino movies.” Her casting choices also include, Ojas Joshi, a senior tabla student of Zakir Hussain. This film is his first screen role but he easily ranks among the rest. Ojas’ character, Kamran, represents a second generation North American of South Asian origin who knows where he comes from but has to prove his loyalties to his fellow workers. The film has cameo roles by other local musicians including: Brett Miles and Ben Sures. With a desire to make an international film that can be proudly Canadian in identity, the film uses a track from an album produced in Edmonton featuring an international collaboration between Editorial Team Prof . Harjinder Walia, Ph.D (Journalism) Head of Journalism Punjabi Universty Patiala. (Punjab) India Patron Yash Sharma, M.Sc (Hons), DMM Publisher & Editor in Chief 780-200-0246 Sat Paul Kaushal Associate Editor, Calgary 403 903 8500 Delhi/Mumbai/Kolkata/Chennai $899 + Tax Karachi/Lahore/Islamabad $1249 + Tax London/UK $749 + Tax Toronto $399 + Tax *Subject to change without notice Raghbir Bilaspuri Bureau Chief ( Punjabi) Domestic & Internation Ticktes Tours, Cruises & Honeymoon Packages Passport & Citizenship Photos Travel & Visitor to Canada Insurance Sunny Sharma Bureau Chief (English) Atul Seth, CGA Financial & Management Consultant www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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English Page Issue 97 (10) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 The Sequel to the Original!!” “It ain’t so simple to know and understand ‘The Women’. They are great fellow humans who have multiple roles to play and offer. The only gap is that ‘The Male’ has least understood this ‘Woman’. I bow to the ALMIGHTY to have given ‘The Men’, a balance in the environment, when HE created ‘The Women’........ Read on the Sequel to the first article last fortnight, on the subject!! —— Aalok The men produce ‘Testosterones’ and the women “Estrogens” which differentiates the signals that are sent to the respective brains. The hemispheres of the brains are connected differently in the case of men and women. The men are generally single focus, action oriented and the women multi-focussed, with a penchant for group or social cognition. The Variety of Women While I shake the ‘Hornets Nest’ and embark on the journey of sharing the variety of women, I would like to add that I would not be going in to the reasons of what role (s) the women play. The reasons could be attributed to “up-bringing”, to “social divide”, to “male chauvinism” and their counter coming from the women, or it is “genetic cum physiological”. I have based my sharing from the vast cross section of women that I have met both, in my personal and professional spheres. I tried my level best to understand their ‘actions, behaviours, and what they spoke’. I am sure you would appreciate that I could never dare to get in to what they ‘thought’, because, thinking is one aspect which is best left to the human mind, both male and the female. These varieties are not to be seen in isolation. One woman could play one role or even multiple roles. It depends on the inner construction, strength or otherwise of a woman. · The Nurturers. These are the women who are blessed to be playing their base roles. They nurture without expectations. However, in today’s worldly environment where the ‘needs, wants, and desires’ are much in existence, the women too wish to have their pie of cake; and why not. The equality has to be there for both the sexes. They know only how to give. Give to the child, to the husband, to the colleague, to the environment, in fact, to anything that is living or non-living. What they get out of it is pure peace, pleasure, and satisfaction. What they get back in return is never ever seen by them even at times when it reaches the level of “their getting totally used”. The fact is that that too does not matter to them. This variety applies the principle of ‘pain tolerance’ to the hilt which is very high, as such, in women. The women in this category can take tremendous pressures with a smile. Yes, they do get triggered at times and why not. The trend, as I said above is undergoing a bit of a change today because when the world around them changes and when the woman does think of self, at times, the ‘nurturing without returns’ makes one feel hollow or shallow or used. I, for one, am totally in agreement of this thought and thus the changes they wish for themselves. · The Learners or Spiritualists. I am privy to some brains which are the learner kinds. They want to learn, learn, and learn. Learning makes them grow. The source does not matter to them. Books, humans, experiences, and any other such source are welcome to them. The learning could be for self growth and it could also be in a contribution modality so that the knowledge imbibed can be shared with people to make our environment a bit better. · The Responsible. These are women who would feel responsible to correct any act, any situation, any happening, and any social imbalance. They would go out of the way to correct the in-justice and speak or act against it vociferously. · The Floaters. Now, this variety does not actually know what they need to do. What is it that they want? What is expected from them? They just tend to pass their time, do their work, and be satisfied. They tend to take life for some time as ‘self pity’ before it becomes their second nature. · The Materialistic ‘Suckers’. Now, this variety is crucial. These women have zero tolerance to emotions. Maybe, they have been at the receiving end of such a treatment. The point is that they feel nothing when they ‘take’ from the world. What matters to the woman is ‘What is the benefit for me in it”. It does not matter what they speak in their defence. What matters is the end product of their returns, only materially. How can the Women do Better keeping their Self Esteems in Place Tell me which woman would not like to keep their self esteem intact and perform to beyond their potentials. I, based on a little experience, have tried to put this in a chronological sequence. I have kept it specific to the women for two age brackets, first when she attains puberty, and second when she takes the plunge in to marriage. However, for the men folk or different age brackets, there would be some variations. ü Decide what You Want. The Women first need to decide what is it that she wants from life. What is she supposed to do? Now, do not tell me that the decision in the two instances, puberty and marriage time, is difficult. We do say that the women mature faster than the man and yet the men folk do know what they want from life. So, why the women cannot decide what they want from life. Now, do not turn around and shout ‘Society’ and its pressures!! ü Stick to your Decision. Now, once they know what they want, they need to stick to it. Sure, some alterations are permitted. Amendment in choice of subjects, profession, and not yet a major change needs to be avoided. A single monochromatic beam with a pointed focus in the initial stages of life is better than a wide spectrum beam covering a larger area. ü Learn how to be an Assertive Speaker. All the humbleness, humility, soft spoken voice does not make a person weak. It, in fact becomes a strength, provided one knows how to put the contents in to expression correctly. ü Facing the Obstacle En-route. There would be challenges en-route. It is imperative that these need to be handled with guile with a single focussed aim of knowing the direction to the set objective. As they say with a difference, ‘When the Going gets tough, just keep Going”. Conclusion I know how we all say that it is tough to understand women. I, personally feel that that is just a myth or a creation, even by the women for their benefit. They may not be able to sustain this cruel environment and to survive in such a world; they have to find methods which can be as dynamic as possible. Hence, they feel the need to be dynamic themselves; thus, the coinage that “Do not ever try to understand women because they themselves do not understand themselves”. World is not so cruel, ladies. We, the men folk do need you. It is for you to play up and find your feet and of course get the right man, and create an environment to suit the togetherness, you want. Aalok is an International DC Master Trainer, a Power Life/Business Coach, Numerologist, Tarot and Reiki Practitioner, and a Writer cum Author. He is a Key Note, Motivational and Inspirational Speaker. He is an HR Curator and Transformer. For queries, please contact +919910355044; +918427777447. Please visit the websites w w w . a a l o k c o r p o r a t e t r a i n e r. c o m ; w w w. d i r e c t i v e c o m m u n i c a t i o n . c o m ; www.coloredbrain.com; and www.humandrive.net; Mail id: aalok@directivecommunication.com “Women and their True Forms.... Beauty or the ........ !!” Colonel Aalok Sood Have you imagined a life without ‘the women’? “Yes, the men folk, I am talking to you!!” “What, what, is it that I hear?” “You want them to be with you only in a few of the places; the bedroom, the kitchen, and to take care of the children produced by you!!” Well, I just want to add that they are worth much more, if they so decide and if we allow them to. I know, some of you have no answers and some of you would like to address this issue in the private? I can understand the psyche of the men. They wish to discuss all matters in the private, especially those which could be ‘hurting their ego’; ‘comparisons in prowess of the two genders’; or ‘how can the woman do better than him’. In the current article, I shall be talking of the types of women that I have come across. The different roles that the women are playing in today’s world and the restraints and constraints that they have. I shall also try and throw light on how they can make their presence felt without stepping on anyone’s shoes, even their ‘better halves’. Men and the Women: The Key Difference I would talk about two vital differences between a man and a woman; first, I would talk about the social. The man is considered “a provider” and the woman a “nurturer”. Of course, the roles are for an average of the cross section and are not to be considered to be rigid for everyone. At times, we do find that is the women who are the providers and nurturers, both. Also, at times, they play neither of the two roles. The second difference is in the physiological and the biological construction. Canada’s middleclass is wealthier than America’s, according to a new report from The New York Times. The US newspaper claims that an analysis it carried out in part with LIS data center points out that even Canada’s middle-class wealthier than America’s - report though Canadian’s average income per capita was behind the US in the past, it caught up in 2010 and is very much likely surpassing Americans’ median income. Details of the data show that the median income figures stand for the mid-range income distribution so half of the population will be above that line and the other below. The levels represent one person in a household, including children and in some scenarios spouses.In the past 10 years, the average per capita income in Canada increased 20 percent reaching the US amount of $18,700 after taxes are taken out, or an estimated $75,000 for a family its lead as the world’s richest large country,” the NY Times noted, according to an article on citynews.ca.“But those numbers are averages, which do not capture the distribution of income. With a big share of recent income gains in this country (the US) flowing to a relatively small slice of highearning households, most Americans are not keeping pace with their counterparts around the world,” the NY Times added, as stated in an article posted by citynews.ca. The middle-class matter has been a hot political topic in Canada. Pressing the issue on what seems to be a daily basis is Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau. Another politician, NDP Leader Tom Mulcair has also promised Canadians that he will work toward the reduction of income disparities. Though, the NY Times report does not deny Canadian critics of income inequality as the findings are mostly highlighting the frozen pay raises in America, more than the strong growth in Canada. Employment Minister Jason Kenney was so proud of the report, he posted a comment up on Twitter. Blind man regains his eyesight with “bionic eye” procedure Roger Pontz, who was diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa as a teenager, regained his vision with the help of “bionic eye” implantation. Íå has been blind for the most part of his life. Now with the new high technology he managed to regain his eyesight to catch a small glimpse of his wife and grandson. Pontz shared his excitement during the recent medical visit to the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center, “It’s awesome. It’s exciting - seeing something new every day.” For now, Pontz is one out of four people who have gone through this procedure in the US. The Food and Drug Administration has agreed on using artificial retina only last year. The fifth surgery is scheduled to take place next month. R e t i n i t i s pigmentosa is an inherited illness that makes people lose their vision due to the death of the lightsensitive retinal cells. First, patients lose side and night vision and later central vision a s well, which can result in almost complete blindness. However, not every single person who has been diagnosed with retinitis pigmentosa can benefit from the “bionic eye.” Out of 100,000 people with this illness in the US more than 10,000 people have vision low enough to undergo the procedure. Out of those about 7,500 people are eligible for the surgery. The artificial implant in the eye of a patient allows the system with the use of a small video camera to transmit vision through a pair of Pontz claims that after the surgery he can identify the forms and moving objects, can see the silhouettes consisting of four members. Meanwhile in America, the median income was left at a standstill between 2000 to 2010. The NY Times hypothesizes that Canada’s middle class most likely outpaced the US since 2010 because incomes have been climbing at a faster rate in Canada compared to the US.“The findings are striking because the most commonly cited economic statistics — such as per capita gross domestic product — continue to show that the United States has maintained glasses. With the help of the camera images are moved though electrical pulses to the surface of retina. The pulses stimulate healthy cells, causing them to move the signal to the optic nerve. From optic nerve the vision information moves to the brain, where it is transmitted to the patterns of light, which allows the patient to regain some visual images. of people. Pontz’s wife, Terry is amazed with the significant improvement of her husband’s vision. “I said something I never thought I’d say: ‘Stop staring at me while I’m eating,” Terri Pontz said. Pontz addes: “I can walk through the house with ease. If that’s all I get out of this, it’d be great.” She drives her husband practically 200 miles to the medical center for check ups. www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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English Page Issue 97 (11) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 F or Kangna Ranaut, life has not been easy post the success of Vikas Bahl’s Queen. The success of the film and her character on screen has been a boost for the talented actress. The film reconfirmed her presence in Bollywood, coming after the dismal Rajjo . She is now seen as an actress who in her understated way can bring alive a character and surprise the audience. GIRL ON brutal to the core and her career graph has been the completely unemo- fact that she has presented a tional,” she adds. myriad of characters that have Basking in the glory of let her show her range as an the successful Queen , actor. From playing a gangster’s Kangna knows that traumatised moll in Anurag Revolver Rani will Basu’s Gangster to a wayward amuse the audience. smalltown girl in Anand L. Rai’s The entire business of Tanu Weds Manu to a drugshowbiz is about addicted failing model in Madhur amusement and creat- Bhandarkar’s Fashion, Kangna ing a wave through the has done it all. Playing strong craft. But, one doesn’t woman-centric roles seem to get to create a wave come naturally to Kangna. every now and then. “The general perception is that woman-cen“Queen is a spetric role should be cial film, which dark, brooding was made and tragic. I with a lot of have managed passion to depict variwithout ous shades of taking woman away its “Offers are pouring in a onscreen. simplicbut I have become ity. One more selective. Being After playing Rani in gets to selective would help Queen , I felt work in a me to amuse the that it was the film like audience strongest charQueen more.” acter played by rarely me.” because such films happen A rank outsider to only once in a lifebegin with, Kangna’s success time. The film was story is nothing less than a fairysimple and yet con- tale with a few ups and down, veyed so much. It which, we guess, is mandatory in was scripted so any story to be complete. well that it Despite being a bundle of talent brought out the she had proved her mettle sevsimple girl in me eral times. It took Bollywood and presented it some time to take Kangna convincingly.” seriously. The best part of “Nothing unusual about it, I guess that is how it works. In Bollywood, it takes people some time to start giving importance to others. It stands true for me as After playing the docile Rani in Queen, Kangna now plays the brazen and brutal goon Alka Singh in Revolver Rani. Kangna loved every bit of her character, which is dripping with menace. She cannot thank director Sai Kabir enough for giving her the role. FIRE Kangna Ranaut talks about her dream run at the box-office even as her latest, Revolver Rani, opens this week. ACTORS’ANGUISH “Actors are at a receiving end. They cannot show their talent till they are offered strong scripts with meaty roles. The faith of a filmmaker towards an actor is important when he perceives his film,” says Kangna, as she steals a few breathing moments from the hectic promotional tours of the small-budget Revolver Rani. “Every actor wants to be featured in a strong role. But finally the director needs to be convinced about the strength of the actor. I am glad that all the filmmakers who offered me the roles in which I was applauded, considered me worth it,” she adds. “ Revolver Rani is a unique film, which is not easy to play out on screen. Not many actors would have agreed to play this role. It’s a small film but someone had to play the character which should have a lasting impact on the audience mind,” says Kangna, who was mentally fatigued after the shooting of the film. “It was exhausting to get into the mind of Alka Singh, a woman who is criminalminded since childhood, who has killed her husband, who is out take well. It took time but it came at a natural pace,” she adds. There is more to come because Kangna knows what’s missing from her career graph. A period love story is on the cards, as Kangna desperately wants bring alive a strong character from a historic era. The response of playing Kaya, the deadly genome in the Hrithik Roshan starrer Krrish 3 , has attracted her to play “a lead character in a mega science fiction film”, she adds. After being recognised as a versatile actress, Kangna has lately has also emerged as a darling of the fashion pages. She is being applauded her experimental style-quotient although she hates to be known as a fashion icon. BORN FOR STYLE “Dressing up comes naturally to me but I am not really a fashion icon. I would rather want to be known as an actor — not that I am too possessive about that tag. I would simply want to play various roles just as any earnest actor wishes to,” she states. It has been a golden run post the success of Queen. Filmmakers have been offering her scripts by the dozens. However, she is aware that her past films have set the bar high and living up to the standard is important. “Offers are pouring in but I have become more selective. Being selective would help me to amuse the audience more,” she concludes. Dressing, Kangna says, comes naturally to her and she insists she is not a fashion icon. A N G N A K F O S SHADE GANGSTER (2006) ga Despite bein debutant, Kangna showed maturity essaying a , traumatised alcoholic gangster’s moll. -ad She won le of a drug days. o r r e h r fo ry Actress seen her glo s a h o h w l e mod 008) t Supporting IONl (A2 FASNH rd as Bes g ationa wa dicted, failin LIFE IN A METRO (2007) r brooding ho e h e v li a t h She broug ith a suicidal streak w character w ip for being in a tr . is on a guilt with her married boss relationship www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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English Page Issue 97 (12) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 MADHYA PRADESH THE punters in this saffron-ruled state seem to be completely convinced about a BJP sweep in India, with the only split in opinions arising over different predictions of the victory margin. A seat-share of 244-246 for the BJP on its own steam is a bygone conclusion among bookies here. Bookies in MP’s betting hub Indore expect the BJP to hit the magic figure of 273 very easily. Punters’ perception of the Congress’s prospects is so dim that the odds for a nationwide tally of 100 stand at 75 paise against a going rate of 30 paise for the Grand Old Party winning 80 seats. Anup Dutta/Bhopal WEST BENGAL WEST Bengal’s bookmakers are sure the BJP will emerge the strongest when results come out on May 16. Following a trend that seems to be defining poll betting patterns across the country, the estimate is grand for the BJP with nothing more than a two-digit share expected for the Congress. The disparity in expectations for the parties is evident in the fact that where a seat-share of 230 seats for the BJP is drawing bets at the rate of 40p, a less than modest tally of 80 for the Congress is being bet on at 70p. The rate is 40p for a prediction of 60 seats for the Congress. Soudhriti Bhabani/Kolkata FLOWER POWER? Punters across India have tacitly acknowledged the so-called Modi wave said to be sweeping across the nation. RAJASTHAN IF PUNTERS are to be believed, the BJP is set to get 245 seats by itself and will form the next central government with much ease. Like in other centres, the outlook is gloomy for the Congress, which won 19 of the state’s 25 seats in 2009. The Grand Old Party, it is expected, will not even hit three digits and get 66 seats at best. As far as Rajasthan is concerned, the estimates of a leading betting syndicate put the BJP’s tally at 22 seats. In fact, trends in the state’s biggest betting centres, Bikaner and Jaipur, touted the saffron party as the strongest contender. Sudhanshu Mishra/Jaipur BOOKMAKERS: HOWTHEY DO IT ■ Punters or bookies have of late become more alert and wary regarding their operations given the increased scrutiny of the police in Delhi and elsewhere. The police often conduct raids. ■ In Delhi’s markets, for example, as the betting business is conducted in full flow on upper floors, men deployed near shops on the ground-floor keep a watch on the movement of police and other ‘suspicious’ persons. Karol Bagh, Shahadra, Old Delhi, Rohini and Rajouri Garden are major points for betting operations in Delhi. ■ Veteran bookmakers usually carry several mobile phones and keep multiple television sets in their dens to stay up-to-date with trends as they develop. Bookies also have numerous SIM cards ■ Negotiations are usually carried out via smartphone app Whatsapp and SMSes to keep them from being tracked by the police. ■ Rates change as situations evolve. GUJARAT BOOKMAKERS in Modi’s backyard have already, if unofficially, declared him the next prime minister of India. As of Sunday, the betting market was drawing bets on this possibility at a rate of 30 paise against `1 for his uncrowned opponent Rahul Gandhi. The outlook is particularly dismal for AAP’s Arvind Kejriwal, with bets on the prospects of his emergence as PM hovering around `40. Five top Ahmedabad-based punters projected a seat-share of 235 to 240 for the BJP and 80 for the Congress. Just a week ago, these figures stood at around 200-220 for the BJP and 100-105 for the Congress. Darshan Desai/Ahmedabad A LOOK AT THE PREVAILING RATES IN DELHI FOR BJP WHATTHE TRENDS SAY ■ Nobody wants to bet on the possibility of the Congress getting more than 110 seats. Bookies believe that the BJP will easily clinch 200 seats. ■ The odds for Gujarat CM Narendra Modi becoming India’s next PM in Delhi are 20 paise. This means that if he does become the prime minister, a person who has bet `1 lakh on the prospect will earn `1.20 lakh The rate is 10 paise for the BJP winning 200 seats. MAHARASHTRA ELECTION betting is on the wane in the notorious bookie dens of Mumbai with interest shifting to the ongoing Indian Premier League (IPL). Nevertheless, even among the few bookmakers still accepting poll bets, the odds are clearly stacked overwhelmingly in favour of the BJP. The possibility of the saffron party’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi becoming India’s next prime minister is a certainty in these quarters, inviting bids at 18 paise. For the Congress’s crown prince Rahul Gandhi, the rate rises to `12, which is indicative of the pessimistic opinion among bookies about his prospects. Ganesh N/Mumbai 210 220 230 240 SEATS SEATS SEATS SEATS 15 paise 25 paise 80 paise 90 paise FOR CONGRESS The odds for the Congress winning 60 seats are 30 paise. It is 60 paise for the party netting 80 seats. www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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Punjabi Page Issue 97 (13) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 ¡ÍÈ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ ’ÀÒ◊∆ ÚºÒ∫Ø B@AD Á≈ “«¬’Ï≈Ò Ô≈Á◊≈∆ Íπ√’≈” Íz«√ºË ’ÀÈ‚ ∂ ∆¡È-Í≥‹≈Ï∆ Ò∂÷’ ‘‹∆ ÁΩËÁ∆¡≈ ˘ «ÁºÂ≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À ’À Ò ◊∆ («¬’Ï≈Ò ı≈È): ¡ÍÈ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ ’ÀÒ◊∆ Á∆ ¡ÍzÀÒ Ó‘∆È∂ Á∆ «¬’ºÂÂ≈ ’Ø√Ø Á∂ ‘≈Ò «Úº⁄ ‘Ø ¬ ∆Õ √Ì ÂØ ∫ Í«‘Òª «¬’Ï≈Ò ı≈È È∂ √‡∂ ‹ √≥ Ì ≈Ò«Á¡ª «Ú√≈÷∆ Á∂ «¬«Â‘≈√’ «Á‘≈Û∂ Ï≈∂ ◊ºÒÏ≈ ’∆Â∆ «’ AFII Á∆ «Ú√≈÷∆ Á≈ «ÁÈ «‹√ «ÁÈ ◊∞» ◊Ø«Ï≥Á «√≥ÿ È∂ √≈˘ ‹≈ª Í≈ª ˘ Ì∞ºÒ ’∂ «¬º’ Ó≈È∞º÷∆ ‹≈ ˘, ÁπÈ∆¡ª «Úº⁄ ‘Ø ‘∂ ‹Ï ˜∞ÒÓ Á∂ «ıÒ≈Î ¡Ú≈˜ ¿∞·≈¿∞‰ Á≈ √ºÁ≈ «ÁºÂ≈ √∆Õ «¬‘Ȫ «ÁȪ ˘ Ô≈Á ’È Á≈ Ó’√Á «¬‘ ‘Ø ‰ ≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ ¡√∆∫ ¿∞‘Ȫ È’Ù∂ ’ÁÓ≈ ⁄Ò‰ Á≈ ÔÂÈ Ú∆ ’∆¬∂Õ «‹ºÊ∂ «¬√ «ÁÈ «’√≈È≈ ÚºÒØ∫ ’‰’ Á∆ ¯√Ò ÿ ¡≈¿∞‰ Á∆ ÷πÙ∆ ’∆Â∆ ‹ªÁ∆ ‘À ¿∞µÊ∂ AIAI ˘ ‹ÈÒ ‚≈«¬ È∂ «Ú√≈÷∆ Á∂ «ÁÈ ‘∆ «˜«Ò∑¡ª Ú≈Ò∂ Ï≈◊ «Úº⁄ ◊ØÒ∆ ⁄Ò≈ ’∂ √≈‚∂ «È‘Ê∂ Í≥‹≈Ï∆¡ª ˘ ÓΩ Á∂ Ó»≥‘ «Úº⁄ Í≈ «ÁºÂ≈ √∆, √≈˘ «¬√ ◊ºÒ Á≈ Áπº÷ Ú∆ ‘ÀÕ ¡√∆∫ ¿∞‘Ȫ Ó‘≈È Ù‘∆Áª ˘ ÙË≈ Á∂ ¯∞ºÒ Ì∂‡ ’Á∂ ‘ªÕ È≈Ò ‘∆ ÁØ ÙØ’ √Ó≈⁄≈ª Á∆ √» ⁄ È≈ √ث¡ª È≈Ò √ªfi∆ ’∆Â∆ «’ Íz«√ºË ͺÂ’≈ Â∂ Ò∂÷’ ÷πÙÚ≥ «√≥ÿ ¡Â∂ Í≥‹≈Ï∆ Ô» È ∆Ú«√‡∆ Á∂ √≈Ï’≈ Ú≈«¬√ ⁄ª√Ò ◊∞  Ì◊ «√≥ÿ √≈˘ «Ú¤ØÛ≈ Á∂ ◊¬∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡√∆∫ ¡ÍÈ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ ÚºÒØ∫ Ù˪‹Ò∆ Ì∂‡ ’ ‘∂ ‘ªÕ «¬’Ï≈Ò ı≈È È∂ «¬‘ ‹≈‰’≈∆ Ú∆ «Áº  ∆ ¡º‹ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω «„ºÒØ∫ Á∆ ÈÚ∆∫ ¤Í∆ «’Â≈Ï “ËÂ∆ Â∂ ÎπºÒ” Â∂ «Ú⁄≈ ◊ØÙ‡∆ Ú∆ ‘ØÚ◊∆Õ √‡∂ ‹ Á∆ ’≈Ú≈¬∆ ⁄Ò≈¿∞ ‰ ÂØ ∫ Í«‘Ò≈ √Ì≈ Á∂ Íz Ë ≈È √ÂÈ≈Ó «√≥ ÿ „≈¡ ¡Â∂ ‘«Ó≥ Á  ’Ω  «„º Ò Ø ∫ ˘ Íz Ë ≈È◊∆ Ó≥ ‚ Ò «Úº ⁄ ÙÙØ « Ì ‘Ø ‰ Ò¬∆ Ï∂ È Â∆ ’∆Â∆Õ ‚≈. ‘Ì‹È «√≥ÿ «„ºÒØ∫ ˘ ı∞ÙÚ≥ «√≥ÿ ¡Â∂ ‚≈. ◊∞Ì◊ «√≥ÿ Ï≈∂ ‘Ø ‹≈‰’≈∆ Á∂‰ Ò¬∆ Ï∂ÈÂ∆ ’∆Â∆Õ ‚≈. «„ºÒØ∫ È∂ ÷πÙÚ≥ «√≥ÿ Ï≈∂ ÏØÒ«Á¡ª ¿∞√ Á∆ «˜≥ Á ◊∆ Á∂ √≈∂ ͺ ÷ ª Â∂ «Ú√Ê≈ È≈Ò ◊ºÒ ’∆Â∆Õ ÷π Ù Ú≥  «√≥ ÿ «¬º ’ ¡Ó∆ Í«Ú≈ «Úº⁄Ø∫ √∆Õ Òß‚È ÂØ∫ Ú’≈Ò ’È ÂØ ∫ Ï≈¡Á ¿∞√ È∂ Ú’≈Ò ’È Á∆ ’Ø « ÙÙ ’∆Â∆ ª ¡√¯Ò «‘≈ Í Ò∂÷’, ¡À‚∆‡ Á∂ ÂΩ Â∂ Ï‘∞ ’≈ÓÔ≈Ï «‘≈ Ì≈Ú∂ ∫ ¿∞ √ Á∆¡ª «Ò÷ª Ú≈Á «ÚÚ≈Á Á∂ ÿ∂∂ «Úº⁄ Ú∆ ‘∆¡ª Í ¿∞‘ ¡≥◊∂˜∆ «Úº⁄ Ì≈ Á≈ √Ì ÂØ∫ ÚºË Í«Û∑¡≈ ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò≈ Ò∂÷’ «‘≈Õ Ì≈Ú∂∫ ¿∞√ È∂ ‘Ø Ï‘∞ ’∞fi «Ò«÷¡≈ Í ‚≈. «„ºÒØ∫ È∂ ¿∞√ Á∆¡ª ÁØ «’Â≈Ϫ («‘√‡∆ ¡≈¯ «√÷˜ ¡Â∂ ‡z∂È ‡» Í≈«’√Â≈È) Á≈ ı≈√ «˜’ ’∆Â≈Õ ‚≈. «„ºÒØ∫ È∂ «’‘≈ «’ ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ ¡√»Ò≈ Á≈ ͺ ’ ≈ √∆Õ ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ ‚≈. ◊∞  Ì◊ «√≥ ÿ Ï≈∂ ÏØÒ«Á¡ª ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ¿∞‘ «ÚÁÚ≈È ¡≈ÒØ⁄’ √∆Õ ¿∞√ È∂ Íz Ø . «’ÙÈ «√≥ ÿ Úª◊ ◊∞  Ï≈‰∆ «Úº ⁄ ¡º ◊ ∂ ÚË» «Ú⁄≈ª Á∆ ÷Ø‹ ¡Â∂ ◊∞» ◊z ≥ Ê √≈«‘Ï Á≈ ¡≥ ◊ ∂ ˜ ∆ «Úº⁄ ¡È∞Ú≈Á Ú∆ ’∆Â≈Õ ¿∞‘ ‚≈. √«Â≥Á «√≥ÿ ȱ ¡Â∂ √π«÷≥Á Á≈ Úº‚≈ Ì≈ √∆Õ ‚≈. «„º Ò Ø ∫ È∂ ÁØ ‘ ª «ÚÁÚ≈È Ùı√∆¡Â ˘ Ù˪‹Ò∆ «Á≥ « Á¡ª ¡≈«÷¡≈ «¬‘Ȫ Á∂ «Ú¤Û ‹≈‰ È≈Ò Úº‚≈ ÿ≈‡≈ «Í¡≈ ‘À Õ ‚≈. Óπ ÷ «Â¡≈ «√≥ ÿ «¡≈Û È∂ Ú∆ ÁØ ‘ ª «ÚÁÚ≈Ȫ ˘ ÙË≈ Á∂ ¯∞ºÒ Ì∂‡ ’«Á¡ª ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ÁØ‘ª «ÚÁÚ≈Ȫ È∂ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈͉∂ ı∂Â «Úº⁄ «ÚÒº÷‰ ’≥Ó ’∆Â≈ «‹√ È≈Ò ‘Ó∂Ùª ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ ˘ Ô≈Á º « ÷¡≈ ‹≈Ú∂◊≈Õ ‚≈. ◊∞Ì◊ «√≥ÿ Ï≈∂ ◊ºÒ ’«Á¡≈ ¿∞‘Ȫ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ¿∞‘ ‹˜Ï≈Â∆ √πÌ≈¡ Á∂ ’’∂ ‘ ≈‹√∆ Ò«‘ Á∂ Ú«‘‰ «Úº⁄ Ú«‘ ‹≈«¬¡≈ ’Á∂ √ÈÕ Í ¿∞‘ √È Ï‘∞  «ÚÁÚ≈È Â∂ «⁄≥Â’ «Ú¡’Â∆Õ ’∞ Ò Á∆Í ’Ω  ÿ‡Ω Û ≈ È∂ ‘’ØÓÒ Ï«¡≈ Á∆ «Ò÷∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ √π ‰ ≈¬∆ «‹√ Á≈ Óπ÷Û≈ √∆: √»‡ Ï∆ Á≈ º÷∆ «Â¡≈ Ó≈¬∂ È∆Õ ÍπºÂ Â∂≈ «Ú¡≈‘∞‰ ‹≈¿±◊≈ «Ï‘≈ Ó≈¬∂ È∆Õ ‘È∂’ Ϻˉ∆ È∂ ¡≈͉∆ ÈÚ∆∫ «Ò÷∆ ˆ˜Ò Ï‘∞ ‘∆ ÍzÌ≈ÚÙ≈Ò∆ „≥◊ È≈Ò Í∂Ù ’∆Â∆Õ √π « ≥ Á  «„º Ò Ø ∫ È∂ «Ó˜≈ ◊≈«ÒÏ Á∆ ‹∆ÚÈ∆ Ï≈∂ ◊ºÒÏÂ≈ √ªfi∆ ’∆Â∆ Î∂  ¿∞ √ Á∆ «¬º ’ ˆ˜Ò √π‰≈¬∆ «‹√ È∂ √ث¡ª ˘ «È‘≈Ò ’ «ÁºÂ≈ «‹√ Á≈ ¡≥ÂÓ Ù∂¡ √∆: ‘»¬∆ ÓπºÁ «’ “◊≈«ÒÏ” Ó «◊¡≈, Í Ô≈Á ¡≈Â≈ ‘À, Ú∞‘ ‘ Ï≈ Í ’«‘È≈ «’ Ô»≥ ‘ØÂ≈ ÂØ «’¡≈ ‘ØÂ≈Õ Ú∆ ‹È≈◊Ò È∂ ÷π Ù Ú≥  «√≥ÿ Á∆¡ª «Ò÷ª Ï≈∂ ◊ºÒ ’«Á¡ª ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ¿∞‘Ȫ È∂ ‘«Ó≥Á √≈«‘Ï ¿∞µÍ Ì≈ √’≈ Á∂ ‘ÓÒ∂ Á∂ Ø√ Ú‹Ø∫ ¡≈͉≈ ¡ÀÚ≈‚ Ú≈Í√ ’ «ÁºÂ≈ √∆ «¬º’ Ï‘≈Á∆ Á≈ ’≥Ó √∆Õ Ú∆ È∂ ˜ÀÓÒ Íº‚≈ Á∆ Íz«√ºË ˆ˜Ò Â≥ÈÓ È≈Ò √π‰≈¬∆ ª ≥◊ Ï≥È «ÁºÂ≈ √ØÂ∂ ‹Ò≈Ò «Úº⁄ ¡≈ ◊¬∂Õ «‹√ Á≈ Í«‘Òª Ù∂¡ √∆: «√Á’ √≈‚∂ È∂ ’Á∂ ÓÈ≈ È‘∆∫Õ √º ⁄ Á∂ √≥ ◊ ≈Ó È∂ ‘È≈ È‘∆∫Õ ‹ÈÀ Ò «√≥ ÿ º◊Û «‹‘Û∂ ‹ÈÚ∆ «Úº⁄ «¬≥‚∆¡≈ ◊¬∂ √È, «Í¤Ò∂ «ÁÈ∆ Ú≈Í√ ¡≈¬∂ ‘ÈÕ Í≥‹≈Ï Á∂ ‘≈Ò≈ √ث¡ª È≈Ò √ªfi∂ ’∆Â∂Õ ÍÚ≈√∆ √≥ Ó ∂ Ò È Á∆ ¡√Ò∆¡Â √ث¡ª È≈Ò √ªfi∆ ’∆Â∆Õ ¿∞‘Ȫ Áº«√¡≈ «’ Ï≈‘Ø ◊¬∂ ÒØ’ª È≈Ò Ú∆.Í∆. ¡≈¬∆˜. ÒØ’ª ÂØ∫ «ÏȪ ‘Ø Ï≈‘Ø∫ ◊¬∂ ÒØ’ª È≈Ò Ú÷∂Úª ¬∂È≈ √∆ «’ ¿∞µÊ∂ Á∂ ÒØ’Ò Ï≥«Á¡ª Á∆ √∂Ú≈ Ò¬∆ ª Í»≈ ˜Ø Òº◊≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √∆ Í ¡≈Ó ÍÚ≈√∆ È≈Ò «Ú‘≈ Ï‘∞ º÷≈ √∆Õ «‹√ ˘ Ï‘∞ √≈∂ ÒØ’ª È∂ «¬√ ˘ ÍÚ≈√∆ ÒØ’ª È≈Ò Íº÷Í≈Â∆ ÚÂ∆≈ Áº«√¡≈Õ «¬’Ï≈Ò ı≈È È∂ ¡ÍÈ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ Á∂ √≈Ò≈È≈ √Ó≈◊Ó Ï≈∂ ‹≈‰’≈∆ «Áº  ∆ «’ «¬√ Ú≈ AD ‹»È, B@AD ˘ AFG ‡À∫ÍÒ ’∞«Ó¿±È‡∆ ‘≈Ò «Úº⁄, Íz«√ºË √≈«‘Â’≈ ‘‹∆ ÁΩË∆¡≈ Á≈ √ÈÓ≈È ’∆Â≈ ‹≈Ú∂◊≈Õ √≈∂ Ì≈¬∆⁄≈∂ ˘ ¡Â∂ √≈∆¡ª √≥√Ê≈Úª ˘ ÷πºÒ≈∑ √ºÁ≈ «ÁºÂ≈ «◊¡≈ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Ó∆«‡≥◊ «Úº⁄ √≈‚∆ √Ì≈ Á∆ √π « ‘Á ÓÀ ∫ Ï Ï∆Ï∆ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω «„ºÒØ∫ «‹√ Á∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ Á∆ ÈÚ∆∫ ¤Í∆ «’Â≈Ï “ËÂ∆ “Â∂ ÎπºÒ” Â∂ «Ú⁄≈ ◊ØÙ‡∆ ’∆Â∆ ◊¬∆Õ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω ÚºÒØ∫ √Ì≈ Ò¬∆ «¬º’ ’≈Í∆ √Ì≈ Á∂ ÍzË≈È √ÂÈ≈Ó «√≥ÿ „≈¡ ˘ ¡Â∂ «¬º’ ’≈Í∆ √Ì≈ Á∂ √∆È∆¡ ÓÀ∫Ï ’∂√ «√≥ÿ È∆ ˘ Ì∂‡ ’∆Â∆ √Ì≈ ÚºÒØ∫ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω ˘ ÚË≈¬∆ «ÁºÂ∆ ¡Â∂ ’≈ÓÈ≈ ’∆Â∆ ◊¬∆ «’ ¡≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂ √Ó∂∫ «Úº⁄ «¬√ ÂØ ∫ Ú∆ ÚË∆¡≈ √≈«‘Â’ ⁄È≈Úª Í≥‹≈Ï∆ Í≈·’ª Á∆ fiØˇ∆ Í≈¿∞‰◊∂Õ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω «„ºÒØ∫ È∂ √‡∂‹ ÂØ∫ ¡≈͉∆¡ª ’«ÚÂ≈Úª Á≈ Í≈· ‘Ó∂Ù≈ Á∆ Â∑ª √π∆Ò∆ ¡Ú≈˜ «Úº⁄ ’’∂ √Ø « ¡ª ˘ ’∆Ò «Ò¡≈Õ ‘«Ó≥ Á  ’Ω  È∂ ‘‹∆ ’Ω ¡ÍÈ Á≈ «‘ «ÁÒØ∫ Ë≥ÈÚ≈Á ’∆Â≈, «‹√ Á∆ Íz∂È≈ √Á’≈ ¡≈͉∆¡ª ⁄È≈Úª ˘ Íπ√Â’ Á≈ »Í Á∂ √’∆ ‘ªÕ Ï‘∞  √≈∂ √ث¡ª ÚºÒØ∫ «’Â≈Ï ‘ºÊØ ‘ºÊ∆ ı∆Á∆ ◊¬∆Õ √Ì≈ Á∂ Ó∆ ÍzË≈È ’∂√ «√≥ÿ È∆ ¡Â∂ «¬’Ï≈Ò ı≈È È∂ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω ˘ «¬√ ÈÚ∆∫ ¤Í∆ «’Â≈Ï Â∂ ÚË≈¬∆ «Á≥ « Á¡ª ÷π º Ò ∑ ’∂ «Ú⁄≈ Ú‡ªÁ≈ ’∆Â≈Õ ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ Áº«√¡≈ «’ ‘«Ó≥Á ’Ω È∂ ‘ «ÚÙ∂ ˘ ¤Ø«‘¡≈ ‘À ¿∞√ ˘ √≈∂ ÓÈ∞ º ÷ ∆ «٫¡ª Á∆¡ª Â≥Áª ˘ Ï‘∞ ÚË∆¡ª „≥◊ È≈ «ÈÌ≈¿∞‰ Á≈ ’Ó≈Ò ‘≈√Ò ‘À Õ ‘«Ó≥ Á  È∂ √Ó≈«‹’ ≈‹È∆«Â’ Á∂ È≈Ò È≈Ò ≈Ù‡∆, ¡≥Â≈Ù‡∆ Ïπ≈¬∆¡ª ¡Â∂ ’∞ Á Â∆ ¡≈¯Âª Ú◊∂ «Ú«Ù¡ª ˘ Ú∆ ¡≈͉∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ «Úº⁄ «ÈÌ¿∞‰ Á≈ ‘Ω √ Ò≈ «Á÷≈«¬¡≈ ‘À Õ «Ú⁄≈-⁄⁄≈ ’«Á¡≈ È∆ ¡Â∂ ı≈È È∂ «‹º Ê ∂ «’Â≈Ï Á∂ ⁄≥◊∂ ͺ÷ª Â∂ ØÙÈ∆ Í≈¬∆ ¿∞µÊ∂ «¬‘ Ú∆ «’‘≈ «’ ‘«Ó≥ Á  ’Ω  Á∆ Í«‘Ò∆ Íπ √ Â’ ‘Ø ‰ ’’∂ ’∞ fi Â’È∆’∆ ÷≈Ó∆¡ª «‘‰∆¡ª ’Ø ¬ ∆ ÈÚ∆∫ ◊º Ò È‘∆∫ Í ¿∞‘Ȫ È∂ ÏÛ∂ ¿∞√≈» „≥◊ È≈Ò ‘«Ó≥ Á  ’Ω  Á≈ «Ë¡≈È «¬√ Í≈√∂ Ú∆ Áπ¡≈«¬¡≈Õ ◊∞«Á¡≈Ò ı«‘≈ ‹Ø Í≥‹≈Ï ÂØ∫ ‘Ø ’∂ «Í¤Ò∂ «ÁÈ∆∫ Ú≈Í√ ¡≈¬∂ ‘È ¿∞‘Ȫ È∂ Í≥‹≈Ï «Úº ⁄ «ÏÂ≈¬∂ «Í¤Ò∂ ⁄≈ Ó‘∆«È¡ª «Úº⁄ Í≥‹≈Ï Á∆ Áπ«ÁÙ≈, ¿∞µÊ∂ Á∆¡ª √Û’ª Á∆ Ó≈Û∆ ‘≈Ò ¡Â∂ Í≥‹≈Ï Á∂ «Ú’≈√ Á≈ ≈◊ ¡Ò≈Í ‘∆ √’≈ ˘ ÒÀ ’∂ «Ú¡≥◊ ’Á∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ : “Ï≥Á∂ ÷≈‰∆¡ª Í≥‹≈Ï Á∆¡ª √Û’ª, ‘≈’Óª ‹‘≈‹ ÒÀ Ò¬∂”Õ «¬º’ √Â «Úº⁄ ‘∆ √≈∆ ’‘≈‰∆ «Ï¡È ’Á∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ √Ø « ¡ª È≈Ò √ªfi∆ ’∆Â∆ «‹√ ˘ √Ø « ¡ª Úº Ò Ø ∫ Ï∂ ‘ º Á √Ò≈«‘¡≈ «◊¡≈Õ ’ÀÒ◊∆ Á∂ √π∆Ò∂ ◊≈«¬’ ‘‹∆ «◊ºÒ «‹√ È∂ ‡ºÍ∂ √π‰≈¬∂ Â∂ √ث¡ª ˘ Ó√ ’ «ÁºÂ≈Õ ‹√Ú≥ «√≥ÿ √∂÷Ø∫ È∂ ÏÀ∫ ¤≥Á «Úº ⁄ «Ò÷∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ «‹√ «Úº ⁄ Í≥ ‹ ≈Ï∆ ÏØ Ò ∆ Á≈ «¬«Â‘≈√ ÍzØ«¬¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √∆, ˘ √π‰≈ ’∂ √∂÷Ω∫ È∂ ≥◊ Ï≥È «ÁºÂ≈Õ √ÂÍ≈Ò ’Ω ÏºÒ È∂ ÚØ ‡ ª Á∆ ÓÈØ Á Ù≈ «Á√≈¿∞Á∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ √π‰≈ ’∂ √Ø « ¡ª ˘ √Ø ⁄ ‰ Ò¬∆ Ó‹Ï» ’ «ÁºÂ≈Õ √π‹∆ «√≥ÿ √∆ÂÒ Í≥ȱ È∂ πÏ≈¬∆¡ª √π‰≈’∂ ¡≈͉∆ «¬º’ ˆ˜Ò Úº÷∂ ¡≥Á≈‹ «Úº⁄ √π‰≈ ’∂ ‘≈˜∆ Ò◊Ú≈¬∆Õ «¬√ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á √»Í «√≥ÿ Ó≥‚∂ ¡Â∂ ‹√Ú≥ «√≥ÿ √∂÷Ø∫ È∂ ¡‹Ø’∂ ‹∆ÚÈ ˘ «Ï¡≈ÈÁ∆ ’«ÚÂ≈ ’Ò∆ ¤≥Á «Úº⁄ ’Ú∆Ù∆ ≥◊ “⁄ Í∂Ù ’’∂ √ث¡ª ˘ fi»≥Ó‰ Ò≈ «ÁºÂ≈Õ Í«Ó≥Á ◊∂ Ú ≈Ò È∂ ÷π Ù Ú≥  «√≥ ÿ ¡Â∂ ‚≈. ◊∞Ì◊ «√≥ÿ ˘ Ù˪‹Ò∆ Ì∂ ‡ ’«Á¡ª ¿∞‘Ȫ Ï≈∂ ◊ºÒ ’∆Â∆ Â∂ «’‘≈ ÷π Ù Ú≥  «√≥ ÿ È∂ ¡≈͉≈ √ÈÓ≈È Ì≈ √’≈ ˘ Ú≈Í√ ’’∂ ¡≈͉≈ Ø √ Íz ◊ ‡ ’∆Â≈Õ«‹√ ◊ºÒ Á≈ ‘Ω√Ò≈ ‘Ø ÒØ’ª ÚºÒØ∫ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈Õ ¡≥  Â∂ √ÂÈ≈Ó «√≥ ÿ „≈¡ È∂ «Ú¤Û∆¡ª Ùı√∆¡Âª ˘ Ù˪‹Ò∆ Ì∂‡ ’∆Â∆ Â∂ ÷πÙÚ≥ «√≥ÿ ˘ ¡≈͉∂ ¡√» Ò ª Á≈ ͺ ’ ≈ «Ú¡≈’Â∆ Áº«√¡≈Õ ¿∞‘Ȫ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ «Úº«Á¡’ ı∂Â «Úº⁄ ‚≈. ◊∞Ì◊ «√≥ÿ Á∆ Á∂ ‰ ‘Ó∂ Ù ª Ô≈Á ‘∂◊∆Õ¿∞‘Ȫ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ÁØ È ª Ùı√∆¡Âª Á∂ ‹≈‰ È≈Ò È≈ Í»«¡≈ ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò≈ ÿ≈‡≈ «Í¡≈ ‘ÀÕ „≈¡ È∂ ¡≈¬∂ ‘ج∂ √≈∂ ÓÀ∫Ïª Â∂ √ث¡ª Á≈ Ë≥ÈÚ≈Á ’∆Â≈Õ ‹»È AD ˘ ‘Ø ‘∂ √≈Ò≈È≈ √Ó≈◊Ó Ï≈∂ Ì≈¬∆⁄≈∂ ˘ ¡Â∂ ’À Ò ◊∆ Á∆¡ª √≈∆¡ª √≥√Ê≈Úª ˘ ‘≈«Á’ √ºÁ≈ «Áº  ≈Õ ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ Í≥ ‹ ≈Ï∆ Ó∆‚∆¡≈ ˘ √«‘Ô∞ Ø ◊ Á∆ Ï∂ È Â∆ ’∆Â∆Õ ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ¡◊Ò∆ Ó∆«‡≥◊ A@ Ó¬∆ ˘ √∆Õ ¿∞√ «ÁÈ ’ÀÒ◊∆ «Úº⁄ «Ú√≈÷∆ Á∂ È◊ ’∆ÂÈ ‘À «¬√ ’’∂ ‘∞ ‰ «¬‘ Ó∆«‡≥ ◊ ˘ «¬º ’ ‘ÎÂ≈ «Íº¤Ø∫ (AG Ó¬∆) ˘ ‘ØÚ∂◊∆Õ ‘Ø ‹≈‰’≈∆ Ò¬∆ D@CBHE-F@IA “Â∂ D@C-IBAHGCF “Â∂ «¬’Ï≈Ò ı≈È È≈Ò √≥Í’ ’∆Â≈ ‹≈ √’Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ÒØÛÚßÁª Ò¬∆ D ‘˜≈ «’ÒØÓ∆‡ ÍÀÁÒ ⁄ºÒ∂◊≈ ÍÚ≈√∆ Íß‹≈Ï∆ Òß‚È- ÏÂ≈È∆¡≈ «Ú⁄ «‘‰ Ú≈Ò∂ GI √≈Ò≈ «¬’ Íß‹≈Ï∆ È∂ Ë≈«Ó’ ’ßÓª Ò¬∆ AE Òº÷ ÍΩ∫‚ Á∆ ’Ó ‹∞‡≈¿∞‰ Á∂ Ó’√Á È≈Ò ’ß«È¡≈ ’∞Ó≈∆ ÂØ∫ ÒÀ ’ «ÁºÒ∆ Â’ D,AF@ «’ÒØÓ∆‡ Á≈ ÍÀÁÒ Ó≈⁄ ’È Á≈ ¯À√Ò≈ ’∆Â≈ ‘À¢ «¬ß‚∆¡È ¡À√Ø√∆¬∂ÙÈ Á∂ ÍzË≈È ÏΩÏ∆ ◊∂Ú≈Ò Íß‹ Ó‘∆È∂ Â’ ⁄ºÒ‰ Ú≈Ò∆ ¡≈͉∆ ÍÀÁÒ Ô≈Â≈ «¬√ √≈Ò A Á√ßÏ ˘ ’ß«È¡≈ ’∞Ó≈∆ ÂØ∫ Ù∞± ’∂◊≈ ¡Â∂ ¡◊Ò∂ √≈Ò C@ ¡ÍzÀÒ ˘ «ÁºÒ∆ Í‘∞ß⁄∂◊≈¢ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ «¬Ê∂ «¬ß‚∆¡≈ ¡À√Ø√∆¬∂ÙÈ Á∂ √≈Ò≈È≈ «Ú√≈÷∆ √ßÓÒ ∂ È ÓΩ’∂ ≈ Á∂ ÷≈‰∂ ÁΩ≈È «’‘≈, T‹∞ ‡ ≈¬∆ ◊¬∆ ’Ó “√∂ Ú ≈ «⁄Ò‚È «¬ß‡ÈÀÙÈÒ” ˘ Á≈È ’∆Â∆ ‹≈Ú∂◊∆¢U ◊∂Ú≈Ò «¬√ ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ¡ß«ÓzÂ√ ÂØ∫ ’ß«È¡≈ ’∞Ó≈∆ Â’ ÍÀÁÒ Ô≈Â≈ ’ ⁄∞º’∂ ‘È¢ «¬√ ÁΩ≈È ¿∞È∑ª È∂ «¬√ ’≈‹ Ò¬∆ «¬’ Òº÷ ÍΩ∫‚ Á∆ ’Ó ‹∞‡≈¬∆ √∆¢ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ «’‘≈, “U«¬√ Ô≈Â≈ È≈Ò ÓÀ∫ (Ì≈ Á≈) ͱ≈ ⁄º’ ͱ≈ ’ ÒÚª◊≈¢”” ¿∞È∑ª È≈Ò √‘≈«¬Â≈ Ò¬∆ «¬’ Ú≈‘È ¡Â∂ ÍÀÁÒ Ô≈Â≈ ÍzÏßË’, ⁄≈Ò’ «¯«‹˙Ê∂∂«Í√‡ ¡Â∂ √ج∆¬∂ √Ó∂ ⁄≈ «Ú¡’Â∆¡ª Á∆ ‡∆Ó ‘ØÚ∂◊∆¢ ¿∞‘ B@@H «Úº⁄ ¡À«‚ÈÏ◊ √«Ê √’≈‡ÒÀ∫‚ Á∆ √ß√Á ÂØ∫ Òß‚È Á∆ √ß√Á Â’ Ú∆ ÍÀÁÒ Ô≈Â≈ ’ ⁄∞º’∂ ‘È¢ «¬√ ÁΩ≈È ¿∞È∑ª È∂ ÁØ Òº÷ E@ ‘˜≈ ÍΩ∫‚ ‹∞‡≈¬∂ √È¢ «¬ß‚∆¡≈ ¡À√Ø√∆¬∂ÙÈ Á∂ √∞‹∆ «√ßÿ √ß˱ È∂ «’‘≈ «’ ¿∞‘ Ì≈ «Úº⁄ ◊∂Ú≈Ò Á∆ ÍÀÁÒ Ô≈Â≈ ÁΩ≈È ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ È≈Ò «‘‰◊∂¢ 208, 2603 HEWES WAY NW EDMONTON, AB T6L 6W6 www.asiantribune.ca. 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Punjabi Page Issue 97 (14) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 Ô≈Á◊≈∆ ‹Ø «ÈÏ«Û¡≈ Í≥‹≈Ï∆ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ Á≈ Â∆√≈ Ϻ«⁄¡≈ «Úº⁄ Í≥‹≈Ï∆ ÏØÒ‰ Á≈ Óπ’≈ÏÒ≈ ◊∞Ó«Â √Ó≈◊Ó E Ó¬∆ ÂØ ¡À‚«Ó≥‡È (ÿÚ∆ ÏÒ≈√Íπ∆)¡À‚«Ó≥‡È Á∂ ◊∞ÁÚ≈≈ √z∆ ◊∞» «√≥ÿ √Ì≈ «Ú⁄ E Ó¬∆ ÂØ «¬º’ ◊∞Ó«Â ’ÀÍ Òº◊ «‘≈ ‘À,«¬√ ◊∞Ó«Â √Ó≈◊ «Ú⁄ Ì≈◊ ÒÀ‰ Ò¬∆ Ì≈¬∆ ¡Ó∆’ «√≥ÿ ⁄≥‚∆◊Û Ú≈Ò∂ Í‘∞≥⁄ ‘∂ ‘È,«¬‘ √Ó≈◊Ó ‘ ؘ √≈Ó ˘ G.C@ ÂØ H.C@ Ú‹∂ º’ ⁄«Ò¡≈ ’∂◊≈Õ«¬√ Ï≈∂ ‹≈‰’≈∆ «Á≥«Á¡≈ Ì≈¬∆ ‹◊‹∆ «√≥ÿ «◊ºÒ È∂ Áº«√¡≈ «’ «¬‘ √Ó≈◊Ó E Ó¬∆ ÂØ √π» ‘Ø ’∂ AA Ó¬∆ º’ ⁄ºÒ∂◊≈ «¬√ «Ú⁄ ◊∞Ó«Â «Ú⁄≈≈ È≈Ò √≥◊ª ˘ «È‘≈Ò ’È◊∂Õ◊∞ÁÚ≈≈ √z∆ ◊∞» «√≥ÿ √Ì≈ DCGF «ÓºÒÚ∞‚ Ø‚ Â∂ √«Ê ‘ÀÕ ¡À‚«Ó≥‡È Íπ«Ò√ ÚºÒØ DD@ ÍΩ‚ Ì≥◊ ‹Ï ¡À ‚ «Ó≥ ‡ È(ÿÚ∆ ÏÒ≈√Íπ  ∆)¡À ‚ «Ó≥ ‡ È Á∆ «√‡∆ Íπ«Ò√ ÚºÒØ DD@ ÍΩ‚ Ì≥◊ «¬’ ‹ª⁄ Áπ≈È ‹Ï ’’∂ «¬«Â‘≈√’ «’≈‚ ’≈«¬Ó ’ «ÁºÂ≈ ‘ÀÕ«¬‘ Ì≥◊ ‘Ø  È√∆Ò∆¡ª ÁÚ≈¬∆¡ª «Ú⁄ Ú«Â¡ª ‹≈‰≈ √∆,«¬√ Ï≈∂ ‹≈‰’≈∆ «Á≥«Á¡≈ ¡À‚«Ó≥‡È ‚º◊ Â∂ ◊À∫◊ ¡ÀÈÎØ√«Ó‡ Ô»«È‡ Á∂ Áº«√¡≈ «’ ÁØ «Â≥È ‘ÎÂ∂ Á∆ ‹≈⁄ ÂØ Ï≈¡Á «¬‘ Íπ«Ò√ ‘À ‚ ’∞ ¡ ≈‡ Â∂ «¬√ Á∆ ÍzÁÙÈ∆ Ò≈¬∆ √∆ Â∂ «¬‘ ’Ò∆¡«Ú¿± Íπ«Ò√ √‡∂√È Á∂ «¬Ò≈’∂ «Ú⁄ «¬’ Ï∂∫√«Ó‡ «Ú⁄Ø «Ó«Ò¡≈ ‘ÀÕ ¡À‚«Ó≥‡È ‚º◊ Â∂ ◊À∫◊ ¡ÀÈÎØ√«Ó‡ Ô»«È‡ Á∂ √≈‹À‡ ’≈ÒØ√ ’≈‚∞√» È∂ Áº « √¡≈ «’ G@ ÍΩ ‚ Ì≥ ◊ ,«‹√ Á∆ ’∆Ó ABF,@@@ ‚≈Ò,A.F «’ÒØ Ó√»Ó, «¬’ Ò∆‡ ‹∆. ¡À⁄. Ï∆.,ADBC ¡Ω ’ √∆ ’Ø ‚ ∆È Á∆¡ª ◊ØÒ∆¡ª,HEE ◊z≈Ó ’À ‡ ≈Ó≈¬∆È,A@G ◊z ≈ Ó ¡ÀÓ.‚∆.¡ÀÓ.¬∂. Â∂ A@,@@@ ‚≈Ò ’À√ Ϋۡ≈ «◊¡≈ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Ï∂√«Ó≥‡ «Ú⁄ ÂÒ≈√∆ Áπ≈È ÁØ Ïº⁄∂ G √≈Ò Â∂ H √≈Ò Á∂ Ï≈ÓÁ ’∆Â∂ ◊¬∂ ‘ÈÕ«¬’ BI √≈Ò Á∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ Â∂ BF √≈Ò Á∆ ¡Ω ˘ Ú∆ «◊zÎÂ≈ ’∆Â≈ «◊¡≈ ‘ÀÕÁØ ‘Ø Úº÷ Úº÷ ∂‚ª Áπ≈È IA √‡∆‡ Â∂ AEI ¬∂ ¡ÀÚ«È¿± Â∂ √«Ê BAI √‡∆‡ Â∂ IE ¬∂ ¡ÀÚ«È¿± ÂØ CG@ ÍΩ‚ Ì≥◊ «‹√ Á∆ ’∆Ó FG@,@@@ ‚≈Ò Á∆ ’∆Ó Á≈ √Ó≈È ˜Ï ’ «Ò¡≈ ‘À Õ √≈≈ √Ó≈È A.BI «ÓÒ∆¡È Á∆ Ì≥ ◊ Â∂ BFE,@@@ ’À √ Ϋۡ≈ «◊¡≈ ‘ÀÕ Íz∂«Ó’≈ ”Â∂ AAG Ú≈ ’È∂ Ì≈Â∆ «¬ß‡ÈÀµ‡ «Ú«◊¡≈ÍÈ «’ß◊ ˘ ͬ∂ Ó«‘ß◊∂ ’ÀÒ◊∆(√πº÷Í≈Ò ÍÓ≈) Í≥ ‹ ≈Ï∆ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ ÚÒØ Â∆√≈ Í≥ ‹ ≈Ï∆ ÏØÒ‰ Óπ‘≈ Á≈ Óπ’≈ÏÒ≈ AI ¡Íz À Ò B@AD ˘ Ú≈¬∆‡‘ØÈ Á∂ ÷⁄≈÷⁄ Ì∂ ’«Ó¿∞ È ‡∆ ‘≈Ò «Úº ⁄ ’≈¬∆¡≈ «◊¡≈ «‹º√ «Úº⁄ ¤∂ √≈Ò ÂØ ÒÀ ’∂ Ï≈≈ √≈Ò Á∂ Ϻ«⁄¡≈ È∂ Ì≈◊ «Ò¡≈ «ÂºÈª ◊»ºÍ≈ «Úº⁄ Ϻ«⁄¡≈ ˘ Ú≥‚∆¡≈ «◊¡≈ √∆Õ ¤∂ ÂØ ¡º · √≈Ò Á≈ Í«‘Ò≈ ◊» º Í ,Áπ √ ≈ È∫Ø ¡Â∂ Áº √ √≈Ò, Â∆√≈ «◊¡≈ª ¡Â∂ Ï≈≈ √≈Ò √∆Õ Â≈Ò∆¡ª Á∆¡ª ◊»≥‹ª «Úº⁄ Ϻ«⁄¡≈ È∂ ¡Í‰∆ ’Òª Á∂ ‹Ø ‘  «Á÷≈¿∞Á∂ ‘ج∂ Íz◊≈Ó Á≈ ¡ÈßÁ Ó≈‰∆¡ªÕ Í«Ú≈≈ √Ó∂ ¡≈¬∂ √≈∂ √ØÂ∂¡ª È∂ Íz ◊ Ø  ≈Ó ˘ Í√≥ Á ’∆Â≈Õ ÍzØ◊≈Ó ˘ ⁄≈ ⁄≥È Ò≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ ÚÀÈ’∞Ú ÂØ ¡¬∂ «¬≥‚Ø ’È∂«‚¡È Á∂ Ï≈È∆ Â≈≈ «√≥ ÿ ‘∂ ¡  Á∆ Ï∂ ‡ ∆ ‹√Ú∆ ’Ø  Ú∆ Íπ ‘ ≥ ⁄ ∂ Õ Íz Î À √  ÁÒ«‹≥ Á  «√≥ ÿ ‹Ø‘Ò ÚÒØ «◊ºË∂ Á∆ ‡∆Ó, ˜≥◊ Ì≥◊Û≈ ’ÒßÏ ÚÒØ Ì≥◊Û∂ Á∆¡≈ ‡∆Óª È∂ Ú∆ ‹Ø ‘  «Á÷≈¬∂Õ Ó≈√‡ Ì‹È «√≥ÿ «’Â≈Ï≈ Á≈ √‡≈Ò Ú∆ Ò≈¬∆¡≈Õ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ Á∆ ¡‰Êº’ Ó∂‘È Á≈ √ºÁ’≈ ¡Â∂ ’ÀÒ◊∆ «ÈÚ≈√∆¡ª Á∂ √«‘ÔØ◊ È≈Ò «¬º‘ Íz◊≈Ó ’≈ÓÔ≈Ï «‘≈Õ ÂzÒ⁄ Ø È √À∫Ï∆ ¡Â∂ Ó«‘≥ÁÍ≈Ò ,¡À√ Í≈Ò È∂ «‹√‡z ∂ Ù È Á≈ ’≥ Ó ’∆Â≈,ÏÒÚ∆ ◊Ø≈,Á∂«Ú≥Á ÓÒ‘ª√ È∂ ⁄ª‘ √ÈÀ’√ Á∆ ‹∞Ó∂Ú≈∆ «ÈÌ≈¬∆,¡«Ú≥Á ȱ È∂ √≈¿±‚,‰‹∆ Ò≈‚∆ ¡Â∂ ÏÒ«‹≥ Á  √≥ ÿ ≈ Î؇Ø◊z≈Î∆ ’∆ ‹Ø«◊≥Á √≥ÿ≈ ‹º ‹ ’Ø ‚ ∆È∂ ‡  ‘∂ Ï≈’∆ ¡◊‹À’«‡Ú Á∂ ÓÀÏ≈ ÚÒØ ‘≈Ò Á∆ ‚À’Ø∂ÙÈ ¡Â∂ ‘ØÈ≈ ’≥ Ó ª «Úº ⁄ ÓÁº Á ’∆Â∆Õ ÍzØ◊≈Ó «Úº⁄ ‹º‹ª Á∆ √∂Ú≈ «Ù∆ È≈◊,«’È‹Ø Â «√≥ÿ,‹√Ú∆ ’Ø,⁄≥Á∫ «√≥ÿ √«Á¿∞Û≈,◊∞Ï⁄È Ï≈Û, ◊∞  Ó∆ ’Ø  √Í≈Ò È∂ «ÈÌ≈¬∆Õ Í«‘Ò∂ ◊»ºÍ «Úº⁄ ‹∂± ‘∂ √ÎÒ È∂ Í«‘Ò≈ √Ê≈È, √≈◊ «√≥ÿ Áπ√≈ ¡Â∂ «√ÈÈ «√π º Ë » È∂ Â∆√≈ √Ê≈È «Ò¡≈Õ Áπ√∂ ◊» º Í «Úº ⁄ Íz Ì Ò∆È ◊∂Ú≈Ò Í«‘Ò≈ «¬Ï≈Á ’Ø Áπ√≈ ¡Â∂ ÈÚ∆ ’Ø «„ºÒØ È∂ Â∆√≈ √Ê≈È «Ò¡≈ ¡÷∆Ò≈ ◊»Í ‹Ø ’∆ «◊¡≈≈ ¡Â∂ Ï≈≈ √≈Ò Á≈ √∆ Ô∞Ú≈‹ «√≥ÿ Í«‘Ò≈, ‘Ò∆È ’Ø  ◊∂ Ú ≈Ò Áπ √ ≈ ¡Â∂ «√ÓÈÍz ∆  «√≥ ÿ È∂ Â∆√≈ √Ê≈È «Ò¡≈ ÍzË≈È ‘∆Í≈Ò ÚÒØ √≈∂ ¡¬∂ ‘ج∂ Ó≈Í∂¡ª Á≈ Ë≥ÈÚ≈Á ’∆Â≈ √≈∂ «‹È∂ Ú∆ Ϻ « ⁄¡≈ È∂ Ì≈◊ «Ò¡≈ √≈∂¡≈ ˘ ‹∂± «’‘≈ ¡◊∂ Ú≈√Â∂ Ú∆ ÌÓ≈ ‘∞≥◊≈≈ Á∂‰ Á∆ Ï∂ÈÂ∆ ’∆Â∆ √‡∂‹ √’º √πº÷Í≈Ò ÍÓ≈ √≈∂ Ó∆«‚¬∂ Á≈ ¡Â∂ √Í Á≈ Ë≥ È Ú≈Á ’Á∂¡≈ ‘ج∆¡≈ ÍzØ◊≈Ó ˘ √Ó≈ÍÂ∆ Úº Ò ÒÀ «◊¡≈ Í≥‹≈Ï∆ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ Á≈ Óπº÷ ¿∞Á∂Ù ¡≈‰ Ú≈Ò∆ Í∆Û∆ ˘ Í≥‹≈Ï∆ Óª ÏØÒ∆, √«Ì¡≈⁄≈ È≈Ò ‹ØÛÈ Á≈ ÔÂÈ ‘À ¡Â∂ CA Ó¬∆ ˘ ‘؉ Ú≈Ò∂ √Ò≈Ȫ Íz◊Ø≈Ó Á∆ Ú∆ Ô≈‰’≈∆ «ÁºÂ∆ «‹º√ «Úº⁄ ÚÀÈ’∞Ú Ò∂÷’ ÓØ‘‰ «√≥ÿ «◊ºÒ ˘ «¬’ºÏ≈Ò ¡͉ ¡Ú≈‚ È≈Ò √ÈÓ≈È ’∆Â≈ ‹≈Ú∂◊≈ «‹º√ «Úº⁄ «¬º’ ‘‹≈ ‚≈Ò Á∆ È◊Á ≈Ù∆ ¡Â∂ ÍÒÀ’ «ÁºÂ∆ ‹≈Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «Ò÷≈∆ √Ì≈ Á∆ Ó¬∆ Ó‘∆È∂ «¬ºÂÂ≈ AG Ó¬∆ ˘ ’Ø√Ø Á∂ ÁÎÂ «Úº⁄ ‘ØÚ∂◊∆ Íz◊≈Ó √Ï≥Ë∆ ’ج∆ Ú∆ ‹≈‰’≈∆ ÒÀ‰∆ ‘ØÚ∂ √Ì≈ Á∂ ÍzË≈È ‘∆Í≈Ò D@CGAD-DHAF Â∂ ‹≈ «Î ‹ÈÒ √’º   √π º ÷ Í≈Ò ÍÓ≈ È≈Ò D@C-HC@BCGD √ͺ’ ’ √’Á∂ ‘ØÕ «È¿± ÔΩ’-¡≈͉∆ Íz∂«Ó’≈ ˘ AAG Ú≈ ’∞º‡‰ Á∂ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ «Úº⁄ ‹∂Ò∑ Á∆ √˜≈ ÂØ∫ Ï⁄∂ Ì≈Â∆ Ó±Ò Á∂ «¬ß‡ÈÀµ‡ «Ú«◊¡≈ÍÈ «’ß ◊ √Â≈‹ ◊∞Ï÷Ù «√ßÿ ⁄≈‘Ò ˘ ’ßÍÈ∆ Á∂ √∆. ¬∆. ˙. ¡Â∂ ÍzË≈È Á∂ ¡‘∞Á∂ ÂØ∫ ‘‡≈ «ÁºÂ≈ «◊¡≈ ‘À¢ ’ßÍÈ∆ È∂ «¬’ «Ï¡≈È «Úº⁄ «’‘≈ «’ ÚÀµÏ, ÓØÏ≈¬∆Ò ¡Â∂ ¯∂ √ Ï∞ º ’ ”Â∂ ∆¡Ò ‡≈¬∆Ó «Ú«◊¡≈ÍÈ √ßÏßË∆ ’ßÓ ’È Ú≈Ò∆ ’ßÍÈ∆ ∂‚∆¡ÓÚßÈ Á∂ ‚≈«¬À ’ ‡ Óß ‚ Ò Á∆ ‘¯Â≈Ú≈∆ ÏÀ·’ «Úº⁄ ⁄≈‘Ò ˘ ¿∞√ Á∂ ¡‘∞Á∂ ÂØ∫ ‘‡≈¿∞‰ Á∂ ͺ÷ «Ú⁄ ÚØ«‡ß◊ ’ ’∂ ÎÀ√Ò≈ «Ò¡≈ «◊¡≈¢ «Í¤Ò∂ ‘¯Â∂ CA √≈Ò≈ ⁄≈‘Ò È∂ ¿∞È∑ª ”Â∂ Òº◊∂ DE ÁØÙª ˘ È’≈ «ÁºÂ≈ √∆ Í ÿ∂Ò± «‘ß√≈ ¡Â∂ ’∞º‡Ó≈ Á∂ B ÁØÙª ˘ √Ú∆’≈ ’∆Â≈ √∆¢ «¬√ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ «Úº⁄ ¿∞È∑ª 鱧 ¡Á≈Ò È∂ ’ÀÁ Á∆ √˜≈ √∞‰≈¬∂ ‹≈‰ Á∆ ʪ ”Â∂ «ÂßÈ √≈Ò Á∆ «Èˆ≈È∆ «Úº⁄ º÷‰ Á≈ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ’∆Â≈ ¡Â∂ EB «ÁȪ Á∂ ÿ∂Ò± «‘ß√≈ Ø’± ÍzØ◊≈Ó «Úº⁄ Ù≈ÓÒ ‘؉ ¡Â∂ BE ÿß«‡¡ª Á∆ √∂Ú≈ ’È Á∆ √˜≈ √∞‰≈¬∆ √∆¢ ⁄≈‘Ò Á≈ ’«‘‰≈ ‘À «’ ¿∞È∑ª ”Â∂ Òº◊∂ ÁØÙª ˘ ÚË≈-⁄Û∑≈ ’∂ Í∂Ù ’∆Â≈ «◊¡≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ ¿∞ È ∑ ª ˘ È√ÒÚ≈Á ’≈È «ÈÙ≈È≈ ω≈«¬¡≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À¢ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ Á∂ «¬ßÈ∆ «˜¡≈Á≈ ⁄⁄≈ «Úº⁄ ¡≈ ‹≈‰ ’≈È ¿∞È∑ª ˘ ‹≈‰ ÂØ∫ Ó≈È Á∆¡ª ËÓ’∆¡ª Ú∆ «ÓÒ ⁄∞º’∆¡ª ‘È¢ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ ¡≈͉∆ Íz∂«Ó’≈ ˘ AAG Ú≈ ’∞º‡‰ Á∆ ◊ºÒ ˘ Ú∆ ˆÒ Áº«√¡≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ «’‘≈ ‘À «’ ¿∞√ Á∆ Íz∂«Ó’≈ Á∂ Á±‹∂ ÒØ’ª È≈Ò È‹≈«¬˜ √ßÏßË √È ¡Â∂ «¬√ ◊ºÒ ˘ ¿∞√ È∂ Ú∆ Óß«È¡≈ ‘À¢ ⁄≈‘Ò ˘ «Í¤Ò∂ √≈Ò ¡◊√ «Úº⁄ √ÀÈ ¯Àz∫«√√’Ø √«Ê ¿∞È∑ª Á∂ ¡Í≈‡ÓÀ∫‡ ÂØ∫ «ˆz¯Â≈ ’∆Â≈ «◊¡≈ √∆¢ ’À È ∂ ‚ ≈ ÚÒØ ∫ «ÈÍπ ≥ È Â≈ Ùz ∂ ‰ ∆ Á≈ ÈÚª ’Ø ‡ ≈ «ÈË≈ ‡ØΩ∫‡Ø-’ÀÈ∂‚≈ Á∂ ¡≈Ú≈√ Ó«‘’Ó∂ È∂ ¡◊Ò∂ √≈Ò Ù∞» ‘؉ Ú≈Ò∂ “¡À’√ÍzÀ√ ¡À∫‡∆” ÍzØ◊≈Ó Â«‘ «¬√ √≈Ò Í«‘Ò∆ Ó¬∆ ÂØ∫ ’∂∫Á∆ √«’ºÒ‚ Ú’˜, ¯À‚Ò √«’æÒ‚ ‡∂‚ ¡Â∂ ’ÀÈ∂‚∆¡È ‹Ï≈ Ùz∂‰∆¡ª «Úº⁄ Ò¬∆¡ª ‹≈‰ Ú≈Ò∆¡ª ¡˜∆¡ª Ú≈√Â∂ ÈÚ∆∫ √∆Ó≈ «ÈË≈ ’È Á≈ ¡ÀÒ≈È ’∆Â≈ ‘ÀÕ ’∂∫Á∆ ¡≈Ú≈√ Ó≥Â∆ «’z√ ¡ÒÀ◊˜À∫‚ È∂ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ «¬‘ ’ÁÓ ÓπÒ’ Á∆ «’ Ó≥‚∆ Á∆ ÒØÛ ÓπÂ≈Ï’ Í»Â∆ ¡Â∂ «ÚÁ∂Ùª «Úº⁄Ø∫ ¡≈¬∂ «ÈÍπ≥È ’≈«Ó¡ª ˘ ’ÀÈ∂‚≈ «Úº⁄ ʪ «√ √Ê≈Í ’È Ò¬∆ ⁄πº’∂ ‹≈ ‘∂ ‘ÈÕ √«’ºÒ‚ Ú’˜ ’Ò≈√ Á∆¡ª ¡˜∆¡ª Á∂ „∂ ˘ ÿ‡≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ ‘∞‰ B@AE «Úº⁄ ÈÚ∆¡ª Áı≈√ª Á∆ √∆Ó≈ BE@@@ «ÈË≈ ’∆Â∆ ◊¬∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Á∂ È≈Ò ‘∆ ÔØ◊ «’º«Â¡ª Á∆ √»⁄∆ Áπº◊‰∆ ’ «ÁºÂ∆ ‹≈Ú∂◊∆Õ Ó«‘’Ó∂ Á∂ √»Âª ÓπÂ≈Ï’ BD «’º«Â¡ª ÂØ∫ ÚË≈ ’∂ «¬‘ E@ ’ «ÁºÂ∆ ‹≈Ú∂◊∆Õ Ó≥Â∆ È∂ ¡≈«÷¡≈ «’ ÓπÒ’ Á∂ ÈÚ∂∫ ÌÂ∆ ÍzØ◊≈Ó Á∆ «Ú¿∞∫ÂÏ≥Á∆ ¡◊Ò∂ √≈Ò Ù∞» ‘؉ Ú≈Ò∂ ¡À’√ÍzÀ√ ¡À∫‡∆ Á∆ ‘∆ «¬º’ ’Û∆ ‘À ‹Ø ÓπÒ’ Á∂ ¡≈«Ê’ ¡≈Ú≈√ Ò¬∆ «¬’ ⁄≥◊≈ ’ÁÓ √≈Ï ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ «¬√∂ Â∑ª √«’ºÒ‚ ÒØ’ª Ò¬∆ E@@@ ¡Â∂ ‹Ï≈ ’Ò≈√ Ò¬∆ H@@@ ¡˜∆¡ª Á∆ √∆Ó≈ «ÈË≈ ’∆Â∆ ◊¬∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Ï≈∂ Í»∆ ‹≈‰’≈∆ ¡Â∂ ‘Á≈«¬Âª “’ÀÈ∂‚≈ ◊˜‡” «Úº⁄ ‹ÈÂ’ ’∆Â∆¡ª ‹≈ ¸æ’∆¡ª ‘ÈÕ ÓπÒ’ Á≈ ¡≈«Ê’ “¡À’ÙÈ ÍÒ≈È” «¬√ “¡À’√ÍzÀ√ ¡À∫‡∆” ÍzØ◊≈Ó ˘ ’≈ÓÔ≈Ï ’È Ò¬∆ ¡◊Ò∂ ÁØ √≈Òª «Úº⁄ AD «ÓÒ∆¡È ‚≈Ò «ÈÚ∂Ù ’∂◊≈Õ ¡Ó∆’∆ «√º÷ ‹Ê∂ÏÁ ≥ ∆˘ ÓÈÓØ‘È «√≥ÿ º’ √≥ÓÈ Í‘∞⁄ ≥ ≈¿∞‰ Á∂ «ÈÁ∂Ù Ú≈«Ù≥ ◊ ‡È-«¬’ ¡Ó∆’∆ ¡Á≈Ò È∂ Ó≈ÈÚ∆ ‘º ’ ª Ò¬∆ √◊Ó «√º ÷ ‹Ê∂Ï≥Á∆ ˘ «’‘≈ ‘À «’ «¬‘ ‹ª ª AH ‹»È º’ ÍzË≈È Ó≥  ∆ ÓÈÓØ ‘ È «√≥ ÿ º ’ √≥ÓÈ Íπº‹Á∂ ’ Á∂Ú∂ ‹ª «Î ¿∞√ «Ú∞ºË Ó≈ÈÚ∆ ‘º’ª Á∆ ’«Ê ¿∞Òßÿ‰≈ ’È Á≈ ’∂√ ÷≈‹ ’ «ÁºÂ≈ ‹≈Ú∂◊≈Õ «¬‘ √≥ÓÈ Ú≈«Ù≥◊‡È ‚∆√∆ Á∂ «¬’ √≥ ÿ ∆ ‹º ‹ È∂ «Í¤Ò∂ √≈Ò Ì≈ Á∂ ÍzË≈È Ó≥Â∆ «Ú∞ºË ‹≈∆ ’∆Â∂ √ÈÕ ¡À‚«Ó≥‡È ÍÏ«Ò’ √’»Ò ÚºÒØ I √’»Ò Ï≥Á ’È Á≈ ¡ÀÒ≈È ¡À ‚ «Ó≥ ‡ È(ÿÚ∆ ÏÒ≈√Íπ  ∆) ¡À ‚ «Ó≥ ‡ È ÍÏ«Ò’ √’» Ò Úº Ò Ø I √’»Òª ˘ Ï≥Á ’È Á≈ ÈØ « ‡√ √’» Ò Á∂ «Ú«Á¡≈Ê∆¡ª Â∂ Ó≈«Í¡ª ˘ Á∂ «ÁºÂ≈ ‘À,C √’»Òª Á∆ Ó∞≥Ó ’È Ò¬∆ Ú∆ Ï≥Á ’∆Â≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘ÀÕ¡≈¿∞‰ ◊≈Ò∂ A@ ‘Ϋ¡ª «Ú⁄ «¬‘È≈ √’»Òª Ï≈∂ «ÍØ‡ «¬º’·∆ ’∆Â∆ ‹≈Ú∂◊∆,ÁØ ¡ÀÒ∆ÓÀ‡∆ √’»Òª Â∂ «¬º’ ‹» È ∆¡ ‘≈¬∆ √’» Ò ˘ «¬º ’ ·≈ ’∆Â≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘À Õ «¬√ Á∂ Ò¬∆ B@ «ÓÒ∆¡È Á≈ ÷⁄≈ «’≥‚◊≈‚È ÂØ ◊z∂‚ I º’ Á∆¡≈ ’Ò≈√ª Ú≈√Â∂ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ«¬‘Ȫ √’»Òª Á∆ ‹◊≈‘ Â∂ ‹Ø FE@-H@@ «Ú«Á¡≈Ê∆¡ª Ú≈√Â∂ ‘À,B@AF º’ ÈΩÊ ¡≈Î «Ú,ÚÀ√‡ Ó≈¿±‡ Á∂ È∂Û∂ ‹≈ Ï∂ÚÒ∆ ‘≈¬∆‡ «¬Ò≈’∂ «Ú⁄ √π» ’∆Â∂ ‹≈‰◊∂Õ’∞fi √’»È≈ Á∂ Ó≈«Í¡ª Â∂ ‡∆⁄ª Á∆¡ª ’Ω√Ò≈ Â∂ ’«Ó¿±È‡∆ Ò∆◊ª Á∂ ÓÀÏ «¬√ Ï≈∂ «⁄≥  ≈ Íz ◊ ‡ ’ ‘∂ ‘ÈÕ«¬√ Á∂ √Ú∂ Á∆ «ÍØ‡ Â∞√∆ ¡≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «ÁÈ≈ «Ú⁄ √’»Ò ÏØ‚ Á∆ ÚÀÏ√≈¬∆‡ ÂØ Íz≈Í ’ √’Á∂ ‘ØÕ‘≈¬∆ÒÀ‚ ‹»È∆¡ ‘≈¬∆ √’»Ò,Ó≈¿±‡ؘ ¡ÀÒ∆ÓÀ‡∆ √’»Ò,Ó≈¿±‡Ω«¬Ò ¡À Ò ∆ÓÀ ‡ ∆ √’» Ò «¬º ’ ·∂ ’∆Â∂ ‹≈‰ Á∆ √≥ Ì ≈ÚÈ≈ ‘À , ÚÀ √ ‡ Ó≈¿± ‡ ‹» È ∆¡ ‘≈¬∆ √’» Ò ,’Ø  Ø È ∂ Ù È ¡À Ò ∆ÓÀ ‡ ∆ √’» Ò , ¡À È ◊«ÒÚ∞ ‚ ¡À Ò ∆ÓÀ È ∆ √’»Ò «¬’ Ê≈ Â∂ «¬º’·≈ ’È Á∆,Ò∂ ‡ È ‹» È ∆¡ ‘≈¬∆ √’»ÒÕ¡≈.‹∂.√’Ω‡ ¡À Ò ∆ÓÀ Ò ∆ √’» Ò ,À « ‚Ò ¡ÀÒ∆ÓÀ‡∆ √’»Ò ˘ «¬’ ‹◊≈‘ Â∂ «¬º’·≈ ’∆Â≈ ‹≈ «‘≈ ‘ÀÕ.... ¡Ó∆’∆ ¡Á≈Ò ÚÒØ∫ ’ª◊√ «ıÒ≈¯ ”HD Á∂ «√º÷ «ÚØË∆ Áß«◊¡ª Á≈ Ó≈ÓÒ≈ ı≈‹ «È¿±Ô Ω’: «¬’ ¡Ó∆’∆ ¡Á≈Ò È∂ «¬’ «√º÷ √ß◊·È ÚÒØ∫ ’ª◊√ Í≈‡∆ «ıÒ≈¯ «√º÷ «ÚØË∆ Áß«◊¡ª Á∂ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ ”⁄ Ó≈ÈÚ∆ ‘º’ª Á∆ ¿∞Òßÿ‰ª Á≈ ’∂√ ı≈‹ ’ «ÁºÂ≈ ‘À Â∂ «’‘≈ «’ «¬√ √ß◊·È ˘ ’≈˘È∆ ÂΩ ”Â∂ «¬√ Â∑ª Á≈ Ó≈ÓÒ≈ Á≈«¬ ’È Á≈ ‘º’ È‘∆∫ Â∂ √ÏßË ÿ‡È≈Úª Á≈ ¡Ó∆’≈ È≈Ò ’ج∆ √ÏßË È‘∆∫, «¬√ Ò¬∆ ¡Ó∆’∆ ¡Á≈Ò Ó≈ÓÒ∂ Á∆ √∞‰Ú≈¬∆ È‘∆∫ ’∂◊∆¢ ‹√«‡√ ≈Ï‡ √Ú∆‡ È∂ «√º÷√ ¯Ω ‹√«‡√ ÚÒØ∫ AIHD Á∂ «√º÷ «ÚØË∆ Áß«◊¡ª Ò¬∆ Á≈«¬ ͇∆ÙÈ ˘ ı≈‹ ’È Ò¬∆ ’ª◊√ Í≈‡∆ Á≈ ͺ÷ √Ú∆’≈ ’ «Ò¡≈ ‘À¢ ’ºÒ∑ Ó≈ÈÔØ◊ ‹º‹ √Ú∆‡ È∂ ¡≈͉∂ ‘∞’Ó ”⁄ «’‘≈ «’ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ ”⁄ √ØË Á∆ ‘Ø «¬‹≈˜Â È‘∆∫ «ÁºÂ∆ ‹≈Ú∂◊∆ Â∂ Ó≈ÓÒ∂ ˘ ı≈‹ ’∆Â≈ ‹ªÁ≈ ‘À¢ ¿∞È∑ª «’‘≈ «’ «√º÷ ¯Ω ‹√«‡√ „∞’Ú∂∫ Â∆’∂ È≈Ò «¬‘ «Á÷≈¿∞‰ ”⁄ È≈’≈Ó «‘≈ «’ «¬‘ Ó≈ÓÒ≈ ¡Ó∆’≈ È≈Ò «’Ú∂∫ ‹∞ÛÁ≈ ‘À Â∂ «¬√ Á≈ ¡Ó∆’≈ È≈Ò ’∆ √ÏßË ‘À¢ www.asiantribune.ca. 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Editorial Page Issue 97 (15) Asian Tribune 2 May, 2014 √ßÍ≈Á’∆ ¿∞‘ ’«‘ßÁÀ ¿∞‘鱧 ºÏ È∂ ⁄∞º«‰¡À Èz∂∫Á ÓØÁ∆ ’«‘ßÁÀ ¿∞√ 鱧 TºÏ È∂ ⁄∞º«‰¡ÀU Ó∞Ò’ Á∂ TÓ∞Ù«’ÒU ’ßÓ È∂Í∂ ⁄≈Û∑È Ò¬∆¢ T’∞¤ ÒØ◊ ‘ØÂ∂ ‘À∫ «‹È’Ø ¬∆ÙÚ ’«·È ’≈Ó ’∂ Ò∆¬∂ ‘∆ Í√ßÁ ’Â≈ ‘À ... ’∞¤ ÒØ◊ ‘ØÂ∂ ‘À∫ ‹Ø √ß’‡Ø∫ √∂ ‹±fiÈ∂ ’∂ Ò∆¬∂ ‹≈È∂ ‹≈Â∂ ‘À∫ ¡Ω «‹È’Ø √ß’‡ ’∂ Ú’Â ÍÓ≈ÂÓ≈ Í√ßÁ ’Â≈ ‘À¢U TÓ∞fi∂ Ò◊Â≈ ‘À Ù≈«¬Á Ó∞fi∂ ¬∆ÙÚ È∂ «¬√ ’≈Ó ’∂ Ò∆¬∂ Í√ßÁ ’∆¡≈ ‘À¢ Ï√ ¡≈Í’∂ ¡≈Ù∆Ú≈Á ‹∞Û ‹≈È∂ ⁄≈‘∆¬∂∫¢ ¡≈Í’∂ ¡≈Ù∆Ú≈Á ‹∞Û ◊¬∂ ÂØ ’«·È √∂ ’«·È ’≈Ó Ì∆ ¡≈≈Ó √∂ ‘Ø ‹≈¬∂◊≈ ... ¡Ω ÓÀ∫ ’’∂ «Á÷≈¿±∫◊≈...U «‹√ Á≈ ÍzÓ∞º÷ ÂΩ ”Â∂ ÓÂÒÏ «¬‘ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ «’ ºÏ ’∞fi ı≈√ ÒØ’ª 鱧 Ó∞Ù«’Ò ’≈‹ª 鱧 «√∂ ⁄Û∑≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ ¡≈Í ⁄∞‰Á≈ ‘À¢ “ÓÀ鱧 ‹≈ÍÁ≈ ‘À «’ ÓÀ鱧 ¿∞√ ÍÓ≈ÂÓ≈ È∂ «¬√ ’ßÓ Ò¬∆ ⁄∞«‰¡≈ ‘À¢ ‘∞‰ ÓÀ鱧 «√¯ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ¡≈Ù∆Ú≈Á Á∆ ÒØÛ ‘À”,U «¬‘ ’«‘‰≈ √∆ ÓØÁ∆ Á≈ ¡≈͉∂ Êz∆-‚∆ ‡ÀÒ’ ∂ ≈√‡ «Úº⁄¢ «¬‘ Ô’∆È «’ ¿∞√ 鱧 «¬√ ’ßÓ Ò¬∆ ⁄∞«‰¡≈ «◊¡≈ ‘À ÓØÁ∆ Ò¬∆ «¬º’ ⁄؉≈Ú∆ ‘ºÊ’ß‚≈ È‘∆∫ ‘À «‹Ú∂∫ Ù≈«¬Á ¿∞‘ ‹Ω‹ Ï∞ºÙ Ò¬∆ √∆, ¿∞‘ Ú∆ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í È±ß ⁄∞«‰¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ √ÓfiÁ≈ √∆¢ ’ج∆ ¡«‹‘≈ Ë≈«Ó’ ‘Ò’≈ È‘∆∫ «‹√ «Íº¤∂ ÓØÁ∆ «Í¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ‘À ‹ª «‹‘Û≈ ¿∞√ Á∂ ÷∆√∂ «Úº⁄ Í«‘Òª ÂØ∫ ‘∆ È‘∆∫¢ ¿∞‘ √º⁄Ó∞º⁄ ÓßÈÁ≈ ‘À «’ «¬‘ ¿∞√ Á∆ «Èº‹∆ √±fi ‘∆ √∆ ‹Ø A.B «ÏÒ∆¡È ÒØ’ª Á∂ «¬√ Ó∞Ò’ 鱧 Ï∞∆ Â∑ª ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ √∆, ¡Â∂ «‹‘Û∆ «¬√ 鱧 «¬º’ Ó‘≈È Ù’Â∆ Ï‰È Á∆ «¬√ Á∆ Óß«˜Ò ÚºÒ ÒÀ ’∂ ‹≈¬∂◊∆¢ «¬√∂ Ì≈ÙÈ «Úº⁄, ÓØÁ∆ È∂ «¬º’ «Ú‘≈’ ◊ºÒ Ú∆ ¿∞È∑ª ÒØ’ª √≈‘Ó‰∂ ’ϱÒ∆ «‹È∑ª È∂ ¿∞√ 鱧 Ó√∆‘∆¡≈¬∆ ¡À∫◊Ò ÂØ∫ ’Á∂ È≈ Á∂«÷¡≈ ‘ØÚ∂¢ ¿∞√ È∂ «’‘≈, TBCB √∆‡ª ”Â∂ ‘ج∆¡ª ⁄؉ª È∂ Í«‘Òª ‘∆ «¬‘ ¯À√Ò≈ ’ «ÁºÂ≈ ‘À «’ ¡◊Ò∆ √’≈ «’‘Û∆ Í≈‡∆ ω≈ ‘∆ ‘À¢ «’ Ô±È≈«¬«‡‚ ÍzØ◊À«√Ú ¡ÀÒ≈«¬ß√ Ï∞∆ Â∑ª ‘≈‰ Ú≈Ò≈ ‘À «¬‘ Ú∆ «¬º’ Í∞≈‰∆ ’‘≈‰∆ ‘Ø ◊¬∆ ‘À¢ ª «¯ «¬º’ √«Ê √’≈ ω≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ ‘∆ Ú؇ «’¿∞∫ È≈ Í≈¬∆ ‹≈Ú∂? ÓÀ∫ Â∞‘≈鱧 √Ì È±ß Ï∂ÈÂ∆ ’Á≈ ‘ª, ı≈√’ Ú≈Û ”Â∂ ÏÀ«·¡ª ȱß, «’ «’≈‚ ÈßÏª «Úº⁄ Ú؇ª Í≈˙¢U «¬‘ Ó∂∂ Ò¬∆ ‘À≈È∆‹È’ ◊ºÒ ‘À «’ ¡«‹‘∂ ÒØ’ ‘È «‹‘Û∂ ÓØÁ∆ Á∂ «¬√ «ı¡≈Ò È±ß ı∆Á ‘∂ ‘È «’ «¬º’ «Ú¡’Â∆ «ÚÙ∂Ù «’√∂ ÓßÁÌ≈◊∂ ≈Ù‡ 鱧 √‘∆ ≈‘∂ Í≈ √’Á≈ ‘À ¢ ¯≈«¬ÈÀ ∫ ÙÒ ‡≈¬∆Ó˜ È≈Ò ¡≈͉∂ «¬º ’ «¬ß‡«Ú¿± «Úº⁄ «¬º’ ¡ÊÙ≈√Â∆, ‹◊Á∆Ù Ì◊ÚÂ∆, Á≈ ’«‘‰≈ √∆ «’ ¿∞‘ ÓØÁ∆ ‹∆ 鱧 Á∂÷ ’∂ “«Ú√Ó≈Á” «Úº⁄ ‘À¢ ¿∞‘ ÁØ‘∂∫ ’∂ÚÒ «¬º’ Ú≈ Ï‘∞ ‘∆ ÊØÛ∑∂ «⁄ Ò¬∆ «ÓÒ∂ √È, ¡Â∂ √z∆Ó≈È Ì◊ÚÂ∆ ¿∞√ Á∂ Ó∞∆Á ω ◊¬∂¢ «¬º’ ¡ıÏ≈ «Úº⁄ ◊∞‹≈ ÓΩ‚Ò Ï≈∂ ¿∞√ È∂ «¬º’ Í∆√ «Ò«÷¡≈ √∆ «‹√ «Úº⁄ «ÁºÂ∂ ◊¬∂ Â’ Ó∂∆ Ș «Úº⁄ Ï‘∞ Ó≈√±Ó √È¢ √z∆Ó≈È Ì◊ÚÂ∆ «Ò÷Á∂ ‘È: TÓÀ∫ «¬‘ Ú∆ ÓßÈÁ≈ ‘ª «’ ◊∞‹≈ Á≈ √ª⁄≈ «¬º’ ¡≈ÁÙ ÈÓ±È≈ ‘À: ¿∞µÊØ∫ Á∂ ÒØ’ ÁΩÒ «¬’ºÂ ’È «Úº⁄ «ÚÙÚ≈√ º÷Á∂ ‘È Í ¿∞‘ ¿∞√ 鱧 Ú‰ «Úº⁄ Ú∆ Ô’∆È º÷Á∂ ‘È, ¡≈͉∂ √Ú≈Áª Á∆ «ÂzÍÂ∆ Ò¬∆ È‘∆∫ Í √Ó≈‹’ ÌÒ∂ Ò¬∆¢ «¬‘ √Ø⁄ ¿∞È∑ª ÚÀÙÈÚ ¡Â∂ ‹ÀÈ Ú≈«¬Âª/ «√˪ª ÂØ∫ ‘∆ ¿∞Í‹∆ ‘À «‹È∑ª «Úº⁄ ◊ªË∆ ‹∆ Á≈ Ú∆ «ÚÙÚ≈√ √∆¢ «¬√∂ Ú◊≈ ‘∆ «¬º’ «ÚÁ∂Ù∆ ÓΩ‚Ò Á∂÷‰ 鱧 «ÓÒÁ≈ ‘À ’ØÒßÏ∆¡≈ Ô±È∆Ú«√‡∆ Á∂ «¬º’ «¬«Â‘≈√ Â∂ ’Ò≈ Á∂ ÍzدÀ√, √≈«¬ÓÈ Ù≈Ó≈, Á∂ ÓΩ‚Ò «Úº⁄¢ ¿∞√ È∂ ¡≈͉∆ «¬º’ «’Â≈Ï «Úº⁄ ‚º⁄ Ï◊ª Á∆ ◊ºÒ ’∆Â∆ ‘À «‹È∑ª Á∆¡ª ’Áª ’∆Óª Ú∆ ’∞fi ¡«‹‘∆¡ª ‘∆ √È¢ Ó∂≈ «ı¡≈Ò ‘À «’ «¬‘ Ì≈ Ҭ∆ Ú∆ «¬º’ ¡≈ÁÙ ÓΩ‚Ò √≈«Ï ‘ØÚ∂◊≈¢U «¬‘ ◊∞‹≈ ÓΩ‚Ò ¡≈«ı ‘À ’∆ ÙÀ¡? √z∆Ó≈È Ì◊ÚÂ∆ È∂ «¬√ Ï≈∂ Ï‘∞Â≈ «Ú√Ê≈ È‘∆∫ «ÁºÂ≈¢ √z∆Ó≈È Ì◊ÚÂ∆ Á∆¡ª ÁØ ÍzÓ∞º÷ Ë≈‰≈Úª ‘È: Í«‘Ò∆, Ì◊ÚÂ∆ «¬º’ ◊∞‹≈Â∆ «Ú¡’Â∆ ‘À «‹√ Á∂ «ÁÓ≈◊ «Úº⁄ ¡≈͉∂ ≈‹ 鱧 ÒÀ ’∂ ¿∞‘Ø ¡≈ÁÙ’ «ı¡≈Ò ‹«Û ‘À «‹‘Û≈ Ï‘∞Â∂ ◊∞‹≈Â∆ ÍzÚ≈√∆¡ª Á∂ «ÁÓ≈◊ «Úº⁄ ¡≈͉∂ ÿ∂Ò± Ó∞Ò’ 鱧 ÒÀ ’∂ Ï«‰¡≈ «‘ßÁÀ¢ ‘’∆’ «¬√ ÂØ∫ «ÏÒ’∞Ò Úº÷∆ ‘∞ßÁ∆ ‘À¢ Ï≈‰∆¡≈ ÁΩÒ «¬’ºÂ ’È «Úº⁄ Ó≈«‘ ‘∞ßÁ≈ ‘À È≈ «’ ¿∞√ 鱧 Úß‚‰ «Úº⁄¢ ◊∞‹≈ «Úº⁄ ’ج∆ Ï‘∞Â∂ Í¿∞Í’≈∆ È‘∆∫ Úº√Á∂¢ «¬√ Á∆ √Ì ÂØ∫ Ízº÷ ¿∞Á‘‰ «ÓÒÁ∆ ‘À ¡ßÏ≈È∆¡ª Á∂ ±Í «Úº⁄¢ ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∂ Ò¬∆ «¬º’ «ÏÒ∆¡È ‚≈Ò ÂØ∫ ÚºË ’∆Ó Á≈ ÿ ¿∞√≈Á∂ ‘È (T’∆ «¬‘ √ÚÀ-«ÂzÍÂ∆ È‘∆∫?U) ¡Â∂ Ë∆±Ì≈¬∆ ¡ßÏ≈È∆ ¡ßÂ≈Ù‡∆ √’±Ò «‹‘Û≈ ¿∞È∑ª È∂ ω≈«¬¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ ‘À Á∆ ¯∆√ E Òº÷ ∞ͬ∂ ‘À¢ «¬È∑ª «Úº⁄Ø∫ ’∞fi Ú∆ “√Ó≈‹’ ÌÒ∂” Á≈ ’ßÓ «’Ú∂∫ ‘Ø«¬¡≈? «¬‘ Ï«‘√ ’∆Â∆ ‹≈ √’Á∆ ‘À «’ Ó≈È«√’Â≈ ÏÁÒ ‘∆ ‘À¢ (¿∞Á≈‘‰ Ò¬∆, ¡˜∆Ó Íz∂Ó‹∆ Á∂ ¡≈͉∂ È≈Ó Ú◊∂ ‘∆ √Ó‹≈’ ÌÒ≈¬∆ Á∂ ¡˜∆Ó ’≈‹, ¿∞‘ Ú∆ «¬º’ ◊∞‹≈Â∆ ‘À) Í «¬‘ √Ì ÚÀÙÈÚ ‹ª ‹ÀÈ √Óª «Ú≈‹ª «Úº⁄Ø∫ È‘∆∫ ¿∞Í«‹¡≈¢ Á±√≈ Ó√Ò≈ √∞Òfi≈¿∞‰≈ ÿº‡ √Ω÷≈ ‘À, ⁄∞‰∂ ‘ج∂ ÒØ’ª Ò¬∆ Ú∆¢ ◊∞‹≈ Á∂ ¡Ê⁄≈∂ Á≈ ¡≈Ë≈ ‘À ¿∞√ Á∆¡ª «Â‹≈Â∆ Ùz∂‰∆¡ª, «‹‘Û∆¡ª «‘ßÁ±¡ª, ‹ÀȪ ¡Â∂ «¬ºÊØ∫ Â’ «’ ◊∞‹≈Â∆ Ó∞√ÒÓ≈Ȫ «Úº⁄ Ú∆ Í≈¬∆¡ª ‹ªÁ∆¡ª ‘È¢ Ïß◊≈Ò, «Ï‘≈ ¡Â∂ ˙‚∆Ù≈ ’ØÒ ¡«‹‘∆ ’ج∆ √ßÍÂ∆ È‘∆∫¢ «¬º’ Ú∆ Ïß◊≈Ò∆, «Ï‘≈∆ ‹ª ¿∞Û∆¡≈ ¯ØϘ Á∆ Ì≈Â∆ «ÏÒ∆¡È∂ª Á∆ √±⁄∆ «Úº⁄ Ù≈«ÓÒ È‘∆∫, Í ⁄≈Ø∫ ËÓª «Úº⁄Ø∫ «¬º’ Á‹È ÂØ∫ ÚºË ◊∞‹≈Â∆ ¿∞√ «Úº⁄ Ù≈«ÓÒ ‘È¢ «¬È∑ª ≈‹ª Ò¬∆ “◊∞‹≈ ‡À∫ÍÒ∂‡” „∞º’Úª «’Ú∂∫ √≈«Ï ‘ØÚ∂◊≈? √≈鱧 «¬‘ È‘∆∫ ÍÂ≈¢ ‹Ø √≈鱧 ÍÂ≈ ‘À ¿∞‘ «¬‘ «’ √z∆Ó≈È ÓØÁ∆ Á≈ «¬√ «Úº⁄ «ÚÙÚ≈√ ‘À, ¡Â∂ ¿∞√ 鱧 «¬√ ◊ºÒ Á≈ Ú∆ Ô’∆È ‘À «’ ºÏ È∂ ¿∞√ 鱧 «¬√ ËÂ∆ ”Â∂ «¬√ 鱧 Ò≈◊± ’È Ò¬∆ Ì∂«‹¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡À¢ «¬‘ ‘≈√∂ Ú≈Ò∆ ◊ºÒ ‘∞ßÁ∆, ‹∂ «¬‘ ‚≈¿∞‰∆ ‘ºÁ Â’ √º⁄ È≈ ‘∞ßÁ∆ ª¢ ÓÈ ’∂ ‘≈∂ ‘≈ ‘À ÓÈ ’∂ ‹∆Â∂ ‹∆ «¬‘ «˜≥Á◊∆ Á∆ ÷∂‚ ÓÈ Á∆ ÷∂‚ ‘ÀÕ √≈‚∂ «Ú⁄≈ª Á∆ ÷∂ ‚ ‘À Õ ‹Ø ¡√∆∫ ‘ª ¡≈͉∆ √Ø⁄ ’’∂ ‘ª, ¡≈͉∂ «Ú⁄≈ª ’’∂ ‘ªÕ √Ú≈Ó∆ «ÚÚ∂’≈ÈßÁ È∂ «’‘≈ √∆ ”√≈˘ √≈‚∆ √Ø⁄ È∂ ω≈«¬¡≈ ‘À, «¬√ ◊ºÒ Á≈ «÷¡≈Ò º÷‰≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À «’ ¡√∆∫ ’∆ √Ø⁄Á∂ ‘ªÕ ÙÏÁ ◊Ω‰ ‘À, «Ú⁄≈ «‘≥Á∂ ‘È, ¿∞‘ Á º’ Ô≈Â≈ ’Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ”ÓÈ ’∂ ‘≈∂ ‘≈ ‘À, ÓÈ ’∂ ‹∆Â∂ ‹∆Â”Õ ‹Ø Ó≈È«√’ ÂΩ Â∂ «‹ºÂ Ò¬∆ «Â¡≈ È‘∆∫ ¿∞‘ ’Á∂ √ÎÒ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á≈Õ √ÎÒÂ≈ ¡Â∂ ¡√ÎÒÂ≈ «Ú⁄, ‘≈ ¡Â∂ «‹ºÂ «Ú⁄ √≈‚ «ÁzÙ‡∆’؉, √≈‚∆ √Ø⁄ ¡Â∂ √≈‚∂ ÓÈ Á∂ Ì≈Úª Á≈ ‘∆ ÚºÛ≈ ¡√ ‘∞Á ≥ ≈ ‘ÀÕ ÓÈ∞÷ º ¿∞‘∆ ’∞fi ‘∞Á ≥ ≈ ‘À ‹Ø ¿∞‘ √Ø⁄Á≈ ‘ÀÕ √ÎÒ ‘؉ Ò¬∆ √ÎÒÂ≈ Ï≈∂ «¬º¤≈ º÷‰≈ ¡√ÎÒÂ≈ Á∂ ‚ È≈ÒØ∫ «˜¡≈Á≈ ˜»∆ ‘ÀÕ ‘≈ ’Á∂ ‘≈ È‘∆∫ ‘∞Á ≥ ∆, ‘≈ ¿∞Á∫Ø ‘∆ ‘∞Á ≥ ∆ ‘À ‹ÁØ∫ Â∞√∆∫ ¿∞√˘ √Ú∆’≈ ’ ÒÀ∫Á∂ ‘ØÕ ¡√ÎÒÂ≈ ’Á∂ Ú∆ ÿ≈Â’ È‘∆∫ ‘∞Á ≥ ∆ √◊Ø∫ „«‘≥Á∆ ’Ò≈ ¡Â∂ «È≈Ù≈Ú≈Á∆ «ÁzÙ‡∆’؉ ‘Ó∂ Ù ≈ ÿ≈Â’ ‘∞ ≥ Á ≈ ‘À Õ «È≈Ù≈Ú≈Á∆ ¡Â∂ È’≈≈ÂÓ’ √Ø⁄ º÷‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «˜≥Á◊∆ «‹¿∞∫Á∂ È‘∆∫ «˜≥Á◊∆ ’º‡Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡≈Ù≈Ú≈Á∆ ¡Â∂ √’≈≈ÂÓ’ √Ø⁄ º÷‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ÒØ’ «˜≥Á◊∆ ˘ «√Î ‹∆∫Á∂ ‘∆ È‘∆∫ √◊Ø∫ Ó≈‰Á∂ Ú∆ ‘ÈÕ Ó∂≈ Á≈«◊√Â≈È «Ú⁄ √»Ò ‘Ó˜≈ÂØÚ «Ò÷Á≈ ‘À: ”’∞fi ÒØ’ ¡À√∂ Ú∆ ‘∞≥Á∂ ‘È, «‹‘Û∂ Ï∆Â∂ Ï≈∂ √Ø ◊ ∆ ¡Î√Ø√∆¡ª Ô≈Áª º÷Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬Ô Â∑ ª Á∂ ÒØ ’ ª Á∂ ÚÂÓ≈È ¡Â∂ Ì«Úº÷ Ï≈∂ Ú∆ «¬√∂ Â∑ª Á∂ ◊Ó◊∆È «÷¡≈Ò ‘∞Á ≥ ∂ ‘ÈÕ ’∞fi ÒØ’ ‘∞Á ≥ ∂ ‘È «‹‘Û∂ Ï∆Â∂ Ï≈∂ ΩÙÈ, ËπÍ«‘Ò∆¡ª Ô≈Áª º÷Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ Á∂ «⁄≥ Â È «Ú⁄ ÚÂÓ≈È ¡Â∂ Ì«Úº÷ Ú∆ ΩÙÈ ‘ÀÕ Â∆‹∆ Â∑ª Á∂ ÒØ’ ¿∞‘ ‘∞≥Á∂ ‘È «‹‘Ȫ Á∆¡ª Ô≈Áª «Ú⁄ ÷πÙ∆ ‘∞≥Á∆ ‘À, ¿∞Á≈√∆ Ú∆, ËπÍ º Ú∆ ‘∞Á ≥ ∆ ‘À ¤ª Ú∆Õ ÚÂÓ≈È Â∂ Ì«Úº÷ Ï≈∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ Á∂ «Ú⁄≈ª «Ú⁄ Ú≥È √πÚ≥È∂ Ì≈Ú, «÷¡≈Ò, √≥◊∆ Â∂ ≥◊ Ì∂ ‘∞Á ≥ ∂ ‘ÈÕ ⁄π‰Â Ω ∆¡ª ˘ √Ú∆’≈È Ú≈Ò∂ ‹≈‰Á∂ ‘È «’ ’Û≈’∂ Á∆ ·ß‚ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á Ï√≥ ∞ºÂ ˜» ¡≈Ú∂ ◊ ∆Õ ’∆ ‘Ø « ¬¡≈ «’ ‘≈Ò≈ √≈˜◊≈ È‘∆∫ Í ÓÈ Âª √«Ê ‘À, ⁄Û∑Á∆ ’Ò≈ ‘À, «‹ºÂ‰ Á∆ ¡≈√ ‘ÀÕ √»‹ ¡≈ÚºÙ ⁄Û∑∂◊≈Õ ΩÙÈ∆ Á∆ «’È È˜ ¡≈ ‘∆ ‘À Õ Íz’≈Ù Á» È‘∆∫Õ Áπ÷ º √π÷ º ≈ «ÁÈ Úª◊ ‘ÈÕ ‘ ≈ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á √Ú∂≈ ‘؉≈ ‘∆ ‘ÀÕ ¡«‹‘∆ √Ø ⁄ Ú≈Ò∂ ÒØ ’ √ÎÒÂ≈ Á∂ ≈‘∆ ωÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡«‹‘∂ ÒØ’ ¡√≥ÌÚ ˘ √≥ÌÚ Ï‰≈¿∞‰ «Ú⁄ ’≈ÓÔ≈Ï ‘∞≥Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ’∞Ò«Ú≥Á ’Ω Ú∆ ¡«‹‘∂ ÒØ’ª «Ú⁄Ø∫ «¬’ ‘ÀÕ Í«‡¡≈Ò≈ È∂Û∂ «¬’ «Í≥‚ Á∆ «‘‰ Ú≈Ò∆ ’∞Ò«Ú≥Á È∂ √ºÂÚ∆∫ «Ú⁄ ÍÛ∑Á∆ È∂ ¡≈͉∆¡ª ÁØÚ∂∫ Ï≈‘ª ◊Ú≈ Ò¬∆¡ªÕ Ϻ«⁄¡ª È∂ ÷∂‚ ÷∂‚ «Ú⁄ ‡Ø’∂ Ú≈Ò∆ ÓÙ∆È È≈Ò ¤∂ Û ¤≈Û ’ Ò¬∆ ¡Â∂ ’∞Ò«Ú≥Á Á∆¡ª ÁØÚ∫∂ Ï≈‘ª ’º‡∆¡ª ◊¬∆¡ªÕ Ϻ⁄∆ Á∂ È≈Ò È≈Ò Ó≈«Í¡ª Â∂ Ú∆ Úº‚∆ Óπ√∆Ï ¡≈ ◊¬∆Õ ÁπÈ∆¡ªÁ≈ª È∂ ª ÒÛ’∆ ˘ ‹≈ÈØ∫ Ó≈È Á∆¡ª √Ò≈‘ª Ú∆ «ÁºÂ∆¡ª Í Ó≈«Í¡ª È∂ ‘Ω√Ò∂ È≈Ò «¬√ √≥’‡ Á≈ Óπ’≈ÏÒ≈ ’È Á≈ ÎÀ√Ò≈ ’∆Â≈Õ √’»Ò Á∂ ¡«Ë¡≈Í’ª Á∆ ¡◊Ú≈¬∆ ¡Â∂ Ó≈«Í¡ª Á∂ «Í¡≈ √Á’≈ ’∞Ò«Ú≥Á È∂ È≈ «√Î ÓπÛ ÍÛ∑È≈ Ù∞» ’∆Â≈ ÏÒ«’ ¡≈͉∂ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ Úº‚∂ √πÍÈ∂ «√‹ ’∂ ¿∞‘Ȫ ˘ Í»≈ ’È «Ó‘È Ù∞» ’∆Â∆Õ «ÏȪ ‘ºÊª ÂØ∫ «Ò÷‰ Á≈ ¡«Ì¡≈√ Ù∞» ’∆Â≈Õ √’»Ò ¡Â∂ ’≈Ò‹ Á∆ ÍÛ∑≈¬∆ ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á Í≥‹≈Ï∆ Ô»È∆Ú«√‡∆ «Ú⁄ «‘ ’∂ ’≈˘È Á∆ ÍÛ∑≈¬∆ ’∆Â∆Õ ¡ÀÒ ¡ÀÒ ¡ÀÓ ’È ÂØ∫ Ï≈¡Á Ô» ‹∆ √∆ ÈÀ‡ Í≈√ ’∆Â≈Õ «Î ‹º‹ Ï‰È Ò¬∆ Óπ’≈ÏÒ∂ Á∆ Íz∆«÷¡≈ «Ú⁄ ÏÀ·∆ ¡Â∂ Ó≈⁄ B@AD «Ú⁄ ‹»‚∆Ù∆¡Ò √∂Ú≈ Ò¬∆ ⁄π‰∆ ◊¬∆Õ ’∞Ò«Ú≥Á Á∆ «¬‘ ¿∞Á≈‘‰ √ÍÙ‡ ’Á∆ ‘À «’ ‹Ø ’ج∆ «ÁzÛ∑ «¬≈Á∂ È≈Ò ¡≈͉∂ Ò’Ù ˘ Í≈¿∞ ‰ «‘º  Ò◊≈Â≈ «Ó‘È ’∂ ª Ó≥«˜Ò ¿∞√Á∂ ÍÀª «Ú⁄ ¡≈ ‘∆ ‹ªÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘ √≥ÌÚ Âª ‘∆ ‘Ø √«’¡≈ ‹∂ «¬√ Ϻ⁄∆ È∂ ¡≈͉∂ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ ’∞fi ’È Á≈ «¬≈Á≈ Ë≈«¡≈ √∆Õ √π⁄ ∂ ‹ª ¡⁄∂ ¿∞ √ ˘ ÓÈ Á∆ Ù’Â∆ Á≈ «◊¡≈È √∆, ¡«‘√≈√ √∆Õ Á»‹∂ Í≈√∂ √≈‚∂ √Ó≈‹ «Ú⁄ ¡È∂ ’ ª ÒØ ’ ¡«‹‘∆¡ª Íz √ «ÊÂ∆¡ª Á≈ Óπ ’ ≈ÏÒ≈ ’È Á∆ Ï‹≈¬∂ „«‘≥Á∆ ’Ò≈ «Ú⁄ ⁄Ò∂ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ÓÈ∞ º ÷ Á∆ √ÎÒÂ≈ ¡Â∂ ¡√ÎÒÂ≈ Ò¬∆ ¿∞√Á≈ ÓÈ «˜≥ÓÚ ∂ ≈ ‘∞Á ≥ ≈ ‘ÀÕ √z∆ «’zÙÈ √z∆ÓÁ Ì◊Ú ◊∆Â≈ «Ú⁄ ’«‘≥Á∂ ‘È: ””¡≈ÁÓ∆ ‹Ø ⁄≈‘∂ ω √’Á≈ ‘À ‹∂ ¿∞ ‘ «ÚÙÚ≈√ È≈Ò «¬º¤Â Ú√± Â∂ Ò◊≈Â≈ «⁄≥ Â È ’∂ Õ ”” ‚≈. ‹Ω √ ∆Î ÓÎ∆ ”¡Ú⁄∂ Â È ÓÈ Á∆ Ù’Â∆” Ï≈∂ √Ófi≈¿∞∫Á∂ ‘ج∂ «Ò÷Á∂ ‘È ””Â∞ ‘ ≈‚≈ ¡Ú⁄∂ÂÈ ÓÈ Â∞‘≈‚∂ «Ú⁄≈ª ¿∞Â∂ ÍzÂ∆«’«¡≈ ’Á≈ ‘À ¡Â∂ ¿∞ ‘ Ȫ Á∂ ¡È∞  » Í ¡È∞ÌÚª, ’≈‹ª, ÿ‡È≈Úª ¡Â∂ ‘≈Ò≈ª ˘ ¿∞ÂÍ≥È ’ «Á≥Á≈ ‘ÀÕ Ô≈Á º÷Ø, Â∞‘≈˘ √ÎÒÂ≈ ¿∞√ ⁄∆˜ Á∂ ’≈È È‘∆∫ «ÓÒÁ∆ ‘À, «‹√ «Ú⁄ Â∞ √ ∆∫ «ÚÙÚ≈√ ’Á∂ ‘Ø Õ √ÎÒÂ≈ ª ÓÈ Á∂ «ÚÙÚ≈√ ’≈È «ÓÒÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ”” Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÓÈ Â∞ ‘ ≈‚∂ √∆ Á≈ «ÈÓ≈Â≈ ‘ÀÕ Â∞‘≈‚∂ «Ú⁄≈ ‘∆ Íz√«ÊÂ∆¡ª ˘ ‹ÈÓ «Á≥Á∂ ‘ÈÕ Â∞√∆∫ ÒØ’ ¡’√ ’«‘≥Á∂ ‘ج∂ √π‰ √’Á∂ ‘Ø: Ó∂∆ ¡À‚∆ «’√Ó «’ºÊ∫Ø ? «¬‘ ª Ϭ∆ Ì≈◊ª Á≈ ËÈ∆ ‘ÀÕ Ó∂∆ «’√Ó «Ú⁄ ª Áπ÷ º ‘∆ «Ò÷∂ ‘È ºÏ È∂ ÓÀ˘ Ø◊∆ «’¿∞∫ ω≈ «ÁºÂ≈Õ ÷πÙ∆ ª ºÏ È∂ √≈˘ Ï÷Ù∆ È‘∆∫ ÓÀ∫ «¬≥È∆ «Ó‘È ’Á≈ ‘ª Í Ï’ ȑ∆∫ ÍÀ∫Á∆ ¡√∆∫ «¬’º·∂ ÍÛ∑∂ Í ¿∞‘ «’ºÊ∂ Í‘∞≥⁄ «◊¡≈Õ ÓÀ∫ «¬ºÊ∂ Á≈ «¬ºÊ∂Õ ¿∞√Á∆ ÙØ‘ ÏπÒßÁ∆¡ª Â∂ ‘À ’∆ ÓÀ∫ Ï∂È≈Ó ‘∆ Â∞ ‹≈Úª◊≈Õ «¬’Ø ÿ «Ú⁄ ÍÀÁ≈ ‘Ø ’∂ ÓÀ∫ ÎÙ Â∂ ‘ª Â∂ ¿∞‘ ¡Ù Â∂Õ «’√Ó È∂ Úº‚≈ Ó˜≈’ ’∆Â≈ ‘À Ó∂∂ È≈ÒÕ”” ¡«‹‘∂ È‘Ø  ∂ ¡Â∂ «◊Ò∂ «Ù’Ú∂ Ì ÏØÒ ¡’√ √π‰È ˘ «ÓÒ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ÈÕ ‹∂ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ ¡«‹‘∂ «÷¡≈Ò ‘؉◊∂ ¡Â∂ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ÏπºÒ∑ª Â∂ ¡«‹‘∂ ÏØ Ò ‘Ø ‰ ◊∂ ª √π Ì ≈«Ú’ ÂΩ  Â∂ Â∞ ‘ ≈‚∂ ‹∆ÚÈ «Ú⁄ ¡«‹‘≈ ’∞ fi Ú≈Í∂◊ ≈Õ Ô≈Á º÷ Ø ‘ΩÒ∆ ‘ΩÒ∆ Â∞√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≥ÁÒ∂ Á∆ Ï≈‘Ò∆ Â√Ú∆ «Ú⁄ ÂÏÁ∆Ò ‘∞≥Á∂ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ØÕ Â∞√∆∫ ¡≈ÍÁ∂ «Ú⁄≈ª ˘ ÏÁÒ Ò˙, Â∞‘≈‚∆ Â’Á∆ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈Í ÏÁÒ ‹≈Ú∂◊∆Õ ÓÈ∞º÷ «‹‘Û∆¡ª ◊ºÒª Á≈ «⁄≥ÂÈ ’Á≈ ‘À, ‹Ø ◊ºÒª ˘ Ú≈ Ú≈ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ Áπ‘≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘À, «‹‘Ȫ «÷¡≈Òª ˘ «¬º¤≈ ω≈ ÒÀ ∫ Á≈ ‘À , «‹‘Ȫ «¬º¤≈Úª ˘ √πÍÈ∂ ω≈ ÒÀ∫Á≈ ‘À Õ «‹‘Ȫ √π Í «È¡ª ˘ ‘’∆’ «Ú⁄ ÏÁÒ‰ Ò¬∆ √≥’ÒÍ Ë≈ ÒÀ∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ ¿∞√ √≥’ÒÍ ‹ª Ó≈È«√’ Ù’Â∆ È≈Ò ‘∆ √ÎÒÂ≈ Íz≈Í ‘∞≥Á∆ ‘ÀÕ ÓÈ √∆ ˘ ‹Ø ’≈‹ ’È Á≈ ¡≈Á∂Ù «Á≥Á≈ ‘À, √∆ ¿∞√Á∆ ¡Ú‘∂ÒÈ≈ È‘∆∫ ’ √’Á≈Õ ¡«‹‘∆ Ó≈È«√’ Ù’Â∆ Úº‚∆ ÂØ∫ Úº‚∆ «ÏÓ≈∆ ˘ Á» ’ √’Á∆ ‘ÀÕ ’À∫√ Á∂ Ó∆˜ ·∆’ ‘ج∂ ‘ÈÕ ÓÈ Á∆ Ù’Â∆ È≈Ò √ÚÍz∆ ÿ∞≥Ó‰ Ú◊∆ ’∞Û∆ «¬’ Һ È≈Ò Èº⁄ ’∂ ÁπÈ∆¡ª ˘ √Ø⁄‰ Ò¬∆ Әϻ ’ «Á≥Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘∆ Ó≈È«√’ Ù’Â∆ ‘À ‹Ø Â∞‘≈˘ ÁΩÒÂ, ÙØ‘ ¡Â∂ √º  ≈ Á∆ Íz ≈ ÍÂ∆ Á≈ ≈‘ Á√≈¿∞∫Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘ √≥’ÒÍ Á∆ Ù’Â∆ ‘∆ «√ ÂÒ∆ Â∂ º÷ ’∂ Ù‘∆Á Ï≈Ï≈ Á∆Í «√≥ÿ ˘ ¡≈͉≈ Ï⁄È Í»≈ ’È Á≈ ÏÒ Ï÷ÙÁ∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘∆ ÓÈ Á∆ Ù’Â∆ «Ó‘È Á≈ √Ï’ «Á≥Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬‘∆ ÓÈ Á∆ Â≈’ ◊∆Ï∆ Á≈ ÷≈ÂÓ≈ ’’∂ ÓÂÒÏÍz√Â∆ ω≈¿∞‰ Á∆ √ÓºÊ≈ º÷Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬√∂ ÓÈ Á∆ Ù’Â∆ È≈Ò ÒØ’ √ÎÒÂ≈ «ÓÒ‰ º’ «ÁzÛ∑ «¬≈Á∂ ¡Â∂ √ÚÀ Íz ∂  È≈ È≈Ò Ó≥ « ˜Ò Íz≈ÍÂ∆ «Ú⁄ ‹∞‡∂ «‘≥Á∂ ‘ÈÕ «¬√ Ó≈È«√’ √Ø⁄ ’≈È ‘∆ «¬’ «È≈Ù≈Ú≈Á∆ ˘ ‘ ÓΩ’∂ «Ú⁄ ÓπÙ«’Ò È˜ ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆ ‘À ¡Â∂ «¬’ ¡≈Ù≈Ú≈Á∆ ˘ ‘ Óπ Ù «’Ò «Ú⁄ ÓØ ’ ≈ Ș ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ ‘ÀÕ «÷¡≈Òª ¡Â∂ «Ú⁄≈ª È∂ ‘∆ ¡√Ò «Ú⁄ √≈‚∆ «˜≥Á◊∆ Á≈ √Â≈ «‘ ’È≈ ‘∞Á ≥ ≈ ‘ÀÕ ‘∞‰ ‹∂ Â∞‘≈˘ «¬‘ ÍÂ≈ Òº◊ «◊¡≈ ª Á∂∆ «’√ ◊ºÒ «Ú⁄ ‘ÀÕ ¿∞·Ø ¡Â∂ ¡≈͉∆ ⁄≈‘ Óπ  ≈Ï’ «˜≥Á◊∆ Á≈ √≥’ÒÍ, «˜≥Á◊∆ Á∆ Ó≥«˜Ò, «˜≥Á◊∆ Á≈ ¿∞ÁÙ ∂ «‘ ’ØÕ √Ú∂∂ «Ï√Â∂ ÂØ∫ ¿∞·«Á¡ª √Ì ÂØ∫ Í«‘Ò≈ ’≥Ó ‹Ø ’È≈ ⁄≈‘∆Á≈ ‘À, ¿∞‘ ¡≈͉∆ ∆fiª ˘ Ô≈Á ’È≈, ¡≈͉∆ Ó≥«˜Ò Á∆ Â√Ú∆ Á∂÷‰≈ ¡Â∂ Ó≥«˜Ò ÚºÒ Úˉ «‘ºÂ «ÁÈ «Ú⁄ ’È Ú≈Ò∂ ’≥Óª Á∆ √»⁄∆ «Â¡≈ ’È≈ ¡≈«ÁÕ «¬√ Â∑ª ≈Â∆ √Ω‰ Òº«◊¡ª √ÚÀ-ÍÛ⁄ØÒ ’È≈ «’ ¡º‹ «ÁÈ Ú∂Ò∂ ÓÀ∫ Ó≥«˜Ò ÚºÒ «’≥È∂ ’ÁÓ ÚË≈¬∂Õ «ÁÈ Ú∂ Ò ∂ ’Ø ¬ ∆ ◊Ò ¡Â∂ È’≈≈ÂÓ’ «Ú⁄≈ ª È‘∆∫ ¡≈¬∂ ÓÈ Ó≈√«Â’ «Ú⁄Õ «‹Ú∂∫ Â∞√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ ’ºÍ«Û¡ª Á∆ ⁄؉ ’Á∂ ‘Ø, ¿∞√∂ Â∑ª Â∞√∆∫ ¡≈͉∂ «Ú⁄≈ª Á∆ ⁄؉ ’ØÕ È’≈≈ÂÓ’ «Ú⁄≈ª ÂØ∫ Ï⁄‰≈ ˜»∆ ‘ÀÕ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ ⁄≥◊∂ «Ú⁄≈ª ˘ ¡≈͉∂ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ ʪ «Á˙Õ Â∞√∆∫ «‹√ Â∑ª Á∂ ¡≈ÁÓ∆ ‹ª «¬√Â∆ ωÈ≈ ⁄≈‘∞≥Á∂ ‘Ø, ¡≈͉∂ ÓÈ «Ú⁄ ¿∞‘Ø «‹‘∆ Â√Ú∆ ω≈ ’∂ º÷ØÕ ‹ÁØ∫ ’Á∂ Ú∆ ÓÈ Á∆ ¡Ú√Ê≈ ⁄≥◊∆ ‘ØÚ, ∂ ¿∞√ √Ó∂∫ ¿∞√ Â√Ú∆ È∞≥ Ú∂÷Ø ¡Â∂ ¿∞√ ¡≈͉∂ ¡≈ÁÙ Ú◊≈ ‘؉ Á≈ ¡«‘√≈√ ’ØÕ ¿∞√ Ù∂¡ ˘ Ô≈Á º÷: Ø Â√Ú∆ ¬∂ Ô≈ «ÁÒ Ó∂∫ ‘À Ș Ò∞’≈¬∂ ¡Ω Á∂÷ «Ò¡≈Õ Â√Ú∆ Â∞‘≈‚∆ «¬º¤Â ⁄∆˜ Á∆ ‘؉∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ‘ÀÕ Â∞‘≈‚∂ √πÍÈ∂ Á∆ ‘؉∆ ⁄≈‘∆Á∆ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Â∑ª ’È È≈Ò Â∞‘≈‚∂ ¿∞ √ ÓÈ «¬º ¤  ⁄∆˜ ˘ Í≈¿∞‰ Á∆ «¬º¤≈ ÍzÏºÒ «¬º¤≈ «Ú⁄ ÂÏÁ∆Ò ‘Ø ‹≈Ú∂◊∆Õ Â∞‘≈˘ ¿∞√˘ Í≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ ’≥Ó ’È, «Ó‘È ’È Á∆ «‘≥ Ó Â ¡Â∂ ÏÒ «ÓÒ∂ ◊ ≈Õ «¬¿∞∫ Ò◊≈Â≈ «Ó‘È ÎÒ «Ò¡≈Ú∂ ◊ ∆ ¡Â∂ ’∞ Á  Â∞ ‘ ≈˘ √ÎÒÂ≈ Ï÷Ù∂ ◊ ∆Õ Ï⁄ÍÈ «Ú⁄ √π«‰¡≈ ◊∆ Ô≈Á º÷Ø: ÈßÈ∂ Óπ≥È∂ Ϻ⁄∂ Â∂∆ Óπ· º ∆ Ó∂∫ «’¡≈ ‘À Óπ· º ∆ Ó∂∫ ‘À Â’Á∆ ‘Ó≈∆ Â∂ √º⁄Óπ⁄ Â∞‘≈‚∆ Â’Á∆ Â∞‘≈‚∆ Óπ· º ∆ «Ú⁄ ‘ÀÕ ⁄؉ª ”⁄ Í≈‡∆¡ª Á∂ ¬∂‹≥‚∂ ”⁄Ø∫ ÷∂‚ª Á≈ ÓπºÁ≈ ˆ≈«¬Ï «’¿∞∫? Í≥‹≈Ï ”⁄ ÒØ’ √Ì≈ ⁄؉ª Á∆¡ª √◊Ó∆¡ª ˜Øª ”Â∂ ‘ÈÕ ⁄؉ ÓÀÁ≈È ”⁄ ¿∞Â∂ ¿∞Ó∆ÁÚ≈ ÒØ’ª ˘ Â∑ª-Â∑ª Á∂ √ϘÏ≈◊ «Á÷≈ ‘∂ ‘È Í «¬æ ’ ◊º Ò , ‹Ø Ï‘∞  ‘∆ ‘À≈È∆‹È’ ‘À, ¿∞‘ «¬‘ ‘À «’ «’√∂ Ú∆ ≈‹È∆Â’ Í≈‡∆ Á≈ ’Ø ¬ ∆ ¿∞ Ó ∆ÁÚ≈ ¿∞ √ «¬Ò≈’∂ Á∂ ÷∂‚ª ͺ÷Ø∫ «Ú’≈√ ˘ ÒÀ ’∂ ◊≥ Ì ∆ È‘∆∫ «Á√ «‘≈Õ «¬‘ È‘∆∫ «’ ¿∞ ‘ ¡≈͉∂ «¬Ò≈’∂ Á∆¡ª ÷∂‚ª ˜»  ª ˘ ‹≈‰Á≈ È‘∆∫, «¬Ò≈’∂ Á∂ ÷∂‚ª ͺ÷Ø∫ ͺ¤Û∂͉ Á∂ ’≈Ȫ ÂØ∫ Ï∂ıÏ ‘À Í «¬√ Á∂ Ï≈Ú‹»Á ¿∞√ Á∂ ⁄؉-Íz⁄≈ ”⁄ «¬Ò≈’∂ Á∂ ÷∂‚ «Ú’≈√ ˘ ÒÀ ’∂ ’ج∆ ÓπºÁ≈ È‘∆∫ ¿∞µ· «‘≈Õ ÷∂‚ª ͺ÷Ø∫ «Ú’≈√ ˘ ÒÀ ’∂ ¿∞Á≈√∆ÈÂ≈ Á∂ ¡≈ÒÓ Á∆ «¬√ Á∂ Ù ”⁄ «¬‘Ø ’‘≈‰∆ Á‘≈«’¡ª Á∆ Áπ‘≈¬∆ ‹≈ ‘∆ ‘ÀÕ ⁄؉ª Ì≈Ú∂∫ «ÚË≈È √Ì≈ Á∆¡ª ‘؉ ‹ª ÒØ’ √Ì≈ Á∆¡ª ‹ª «’√∂ ‘Ø ¤Ø‡∂ ͺË Á∆¡ªÕ «√¡≈√∆ ÒØ ’ , ≈‹È∆Â∆ Á∂ «÷‚≈∆, ≈‹È∆Â∆ Á∆ ÷∂‚ ”⁄ ÷∂‚ª Ú≈Ò≈ «¬‘ ¡«‘Ó ÷∂   ¡’√ ‹≈‰Ïπºfi ’∂ Ì∞ºÒÁ∂ Ú∂÷∂ ◊¬∂ ‘ÈÕ √≈˘ √Ófi È‘∆∫ ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆ «’ ⁄؉ Íz⁄≈ ”⁄ Ú∆ ÷∂‚ «Ú’≈√ Á≈ Íz‘∂˜ «’¿∞∫? Í «¬‘ √Ì ’∞fi ¡≈«÷ ’ÁØ∫ Â’ ⁄ÒÁ≈ ‘∂◊≈Õ ‹∂ √≈‚∂ ÓȪ ”⁄ ÷∂‚ √≥√≈ È≈Ò ÊØÛ∆ ∑Ï‘∞Â∆ Ú∆ √ªfi ‘À ª √≈˘ ÏÁÒ‰≈ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈, ÷∂‚ª ÍzÂ∆Õ ‘∞‰ ÓΩ’≈ ‘À ÷∂‚ ‹◊ È≈Ò ‹∞ Û ∆¡ª √≈∆¡ª ‘√Â∆¡ª Ò¬∆, ÷∂‚ Íz∂Ó∆¡ª Ú≈√Â∂ ¡Â∂ ¡≈Ó ‹ÈÂ≈ Ò¬∆ «’ ≈‹È∆Â’ Í≈‡∆¡ª ˘ «’ ÷∂‚ª ˘ ¡≈Ó ‹ÈÂ≈ Ò¬∆ ⁄؉ ÓπºÁ≈ ω≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ Ó‹Ï» ’ÈÕ «¬‘ ‘’∆’ ‘À «’ ‹ÁØ∫ ÷∂‚ª ‹ÈÂ’ ÂΩ ”Â∂ ÷∂‚ ÓπºÁ≈ È‘∆∫ ωÁ∆¡ª, ¿∞ÁØ∫ Â’ Ì≈Â∆ ÷∂‚ ‹◊ Á≈ «Ó¡≈ ¿∞µ⁄≈ È‘∆∫ ‘Ø √’Á≈Õ ÷∂‚ª ͺ÷Ø∫ Ì≈ Á≈ ‹Ø «Ó¡≈ ‘À, ¿∞‘ «’√∂ ’ØÒ∫Ø ¤∞«Í¡≈ ‘Ø«¬¡≈ È‘∆∫ Í «¬√ Á∂ Óπ’≈ÏÒ∂ ⁄∆È, »√, ¡Ó∆’≈, ¡≈√‡z∂Ò∆¡≈ ¡≈«Á Á∂Ù, «‹È∑ª Á∆ ÷∂‚ª Á∂ ÷∂Â ”⁄ √Á≈∆ ‘À, ¿∞È∑ª Á∂Ùª Á∆¡ª √’≈ª ¡≈͉∂ Ï‹‡ Á≈ Úº‚≈ «‘º√≈ ÷∂‚ª Á∂ «Ú’≈√ Ò¬∆ º ÷ Á∆¡ª ‘ÈÕ √≈‚∂ √≥Ì≈«Ú ≈‹È∆Â’ Ò∆‚ª ˘ Ú∆ ‘∞‰ ÂØ∫ ¬∂√ ͺ÷Ø∫ √π⁄∂ Â∂ ◊≥Ì∆ ‘؉ Á∆ ÒØÛ ‘ÀÕ ’∂∫Á ”⁄ Ï‰È Ú≈Ò∆ √’≈ ‘∆ ≈‹ √’≈ª Ò¬∆ Íz∂È≈√zØ ω √’Á∆ ‘ÀÕ √≈˘ ª «¬≥fi Òº◊Á≈ ¡≈ «‘≈ «’ ÷∂‚ª √≈‚∆ ’∂ ∫ Á Â∂ ≈‹ √’≈ ”Â∂ ‘Ó∂Ù≈ «¬æ’ ÏØfi ‹ª Ì≈ Á∆ Â∑ª ‘È, «‹È∑ª Á∂ «Ú’≈√ Ò¬∆ È≈ ª ⁄؉ Íz⁄≈ ”⁄ ‘∆ ’ج∆ ÓπºÁ≈ ¿∞·≈¿∞‰ Ò¬∆ ≈˜∆ ‘À Â∂ È≈ ‘∆ ‘Ø∫Á ”⁄ ¡≈¬∆ √’≈ ‘∆ «¬È∑ª ÍzÂ∆ ’ج∆ Ï‘∞Â∆ ◊≥Ì∆ Ș ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆ ‘À Õ ’Á∂ “√Ø È ∂ Á∆ «⁄Û∆“ ’‘≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∂ «¬√ Á∂Ù Á∆ «¯˜≈ ”⁄ «¬‘∆ ¡≈Ú≈˜ ¡≈¿∞ ∫ Á∆ ‘À «’ ˙Òß « Í’ ÂÓ«◊¡ª ‹ª «ÚÙÚ ’º Í «‹º  ‰ È≈Ò È≈ Á∂ Ù Á∆ ˆ∆Ï∆ Á» ‘؉∆ ‘À, È≈ ÒØ’ª Á≈ «„º‚ ÌÈ≈ ‘ÀÕ «¬√ Ò¬∆ «˜¡≈Á≈ ÷∂‚ ÓÀÁ≈È Ï‰≈¿∞‰ È≈Ò ‹ª ÷∂‚ ˜»ª ”Â∂ ÍÀ√≈ ı⁄ ’È È≈Ò √≈Ê’ ’∆ÓÂ∆ ÈÂ∆‹∂ √≈‘Ó‰∂ È‘∆∫ ¡≈¿∞ ‰ ◊∂ Õ ÈØ ¬ ∆ «√‘Â, «√‘ÂÓ≥Á √Ó≈‹, Â≥Á∞√ √∆ Â∂ Â≥Á∞√ «ÁÓ≈◊ ¡Â∂ ’¬∆ Íz’≈ Á∂ È«Ù¡ª ÂØ∫ Á»∆ ÷∂ ‚ ª ¡Â∂ ÷∂ ‚ ÓÀ Á ≈Ȫ Á∆ ÏÁΩÒ ‘∆ ª ‘∞≥Á∆ ‘À, ¡√∆∫ «¬‘ Ì∞ºÒ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘ªÕ «¬‘ ◊ºÒ √≈‚∂ ÓȪ ”⁄ È‘∆∫ ¡≈¿∞∫Á∆ «’ ÷∂‚ª Á∆ ÏÁΩÒ √≈‚∂ Á∂Ù ”⁄ ‘ ÷∂Â ”⁄ «√‘ÂÓ≥Á ‘∞È «ÓÒ∂◊≈, «‹√ È≈Ò √≈‚∂ Á∂Ù ¡Â∂ √Ó≈‹ Á≈ «Ú’≈√ ‘ ͺ÷Ø∫ ‘ ÷∂Â ”⁄ ‘Ø Â∂˜ ◊Â∆ È≈Ò ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ ¬∂√ ͺ÷Ø∫ ‹ÁØ∫ ¡√∆∫ Ì≈Â∆ ÷∂‚ ‹◊ Á≈ √π È «‘∆ ¡º ÷ ª ”⁄ Ȫ «Ò÷Ú≈¿∞‰ Ú≈Ò∆¡ª ’∞fi ÷∂‚ ‘√Â∆¡ª È≈Ò √≥Í’ ’∆Â≈ ª ¿∞‘ ≈‹È∆Â’ Ò∆‚ª Á∂ ÷∂ ‚ ª Íz  ∆ Ò≈Íz Ú ≈‘∆ Ú≈Ò∂ Úº¬∆¬∂ ÂØ∫ Ï‘∞ È≈≈˜ Ș ¡≈¬∂ Õ AIGE ‘≈’∆ «ÚÙÚ ’º Í ‹∂  ± ’ÈÒ ‘⁄È «√≥ÿ È∂ ¡≈͉∂ «¬æ’ Ó‘ºÂÚÍ»È «Ï¡≈È ”⁄ «’‘≈ «’ ¡º‹ ÒØÛ ‘À «’ Úº÷-Úº÷ ≈‹ª Á≈ «÷‚≈∆ Ú◊ ≈‹ Ì ”⁄ ¤Ø‡∂-¤Ø‡∂ Ô»«È‡ ω≈ ’∂ «¬æ’ √ªfi∂ Ó≥⁄ ‘∂· ‹∞Û∂, «¬æ’º·≈ ‘ØÚ∂ ª «’ ¿∞‘ ÷∂‚ª Á∂ ÷∂   ”⁄ ‘Ø ‘∆¡ª È≈«¬È√≈¯∆¡ª, Ï∂ÍzÚ≈‘∆¡ª Á∂ «÷Ò≈¯ ¡≈͉∆ ¡≈Ú≈˜ ÏπÒßÁ ’ √’∂Õ ≈‹È∆Â’ Ò∆‚ª ˘ Íπº¤∂ «’ ¿∞‘ «’¿∞∫ ÷∂‚ ÷∂Â Á∆ ¡‰Á∂÷∆ ’ ‘∂ ‘È Âª «’ √≥Ì≈«Ú √≥√Á ÓÀ∫Ï ÷∂‚ ÷∂Â ˘ ◊≥Ì∆Â≈ È≈Ò ÒÀ‰Õ ¿∞È∑ª Á≈ «Úæ⁄≈ ‘À «’ «¬È∑ª ⁄؉ª ÂØ∫ Í«‘Òª ‹∂ ’  «÷‚≈∆ Ú◊ ÚÒØ ∫ ¡≈ÍØ-¡≈͉∂ «¬Ò≈«’¡ª Á∂ ¿∞Ó∆ÁÚ≈ª ”Â∂ ’ج∆ ¬∂√ ͺ÷Ø∫ ÁÏ≈¡ ÍÚ∂◊≈ ª ‘∆ Ì«Úº÷ ”⁄ ÷∂‚ª Á∆ Ó≈Û∆ ‘≈Ò ”Â∂ √≥√Á ”⁄ ⁄⁄≈ Ú∆ «¤Û∂◊∆ Â∂ «¬Ò≈«’¡ª Á≈ «Ú’≈√ Ú∆ ‘ØÚ∂◊≈Õ ¿∞ È ∑ ª ¡¯√Ø √ ˜≈«‘ ’∆Â≈ «’ ’∞fi ÒØ’ ÷∂‚ª Á∂ ÏÒ ”Â∂ ‘∆ ≈‹È∆Â∆ ”⁄ ÍzÚ∂Ù ’Á∂ ‘È Í «Íº¤Ø∫ «¬√∂ ÷∂   È≈Ò ¡≈͉∆ Ú⁄ÈϺËÂ≈ Ì∞ºÒ ‹ªÁ∂ ‘È, ‹Ø Ï‘∞ ‘∆ «ÈßÁ‰ÔØ◊ ‘ÀÕ ¡≈˙, ÷∂‚ ‹◊ È≈Ò √ªfi º÷‰ Ú≈Ò∂ ¡√∆∫ √≈∂ ¡≈ÍØ-¡≈͉∂ ÔÂȪ È≈Ò ¡≈͉∂ «¬Ò≈«’¡ª ”⁄ «¬æ’ ¡À√∆ ÷∂‚ Óπ«‘≥Ó ⁄Ò≈¬∆¬∂ «’ ÒØ’ √Ì≈ ⁄؉ª ”⁄ ÷∂‚ª Ú∆ «¬æ’ ⁄؉ Óπ º Á ≈ ωÈÕ ≈‹È∆Â’ Ò∆‚ª ¡Â∂ ⁄؉ ÓÀÁ≈È ”⁄ ¿∞  ∂ ¿∞ Ó ∆ÁÚ≈ «÷‚≈∆ Ú◊ Á∆ Ù’Â∆ ˘ Í«‘⁄≈‰È «’ «¬‘ Ú∆ ÒØ ’ √Ì≈ Á∂ ÈÂ∆«‹¡ª ˘ ÍzÌ≈«Ú ’È≈ ‹≈‰Á∂ ‘ÈÕ ¡≈Í Èß◊, Ï≈Í Èß◊, Â∆‹∂ Èß◊ È≈È’∂ √«ÚßÁ ’Ω √µÂ∆-(’ÀÒ◊∆) Â≈Ø È±ß Ó∞√’≈È È∂ «’‘≈, Ó∂  ∂ √∂ ◊ ’≈ ’≈«¬¡≈ Á∂È≈∫ Ó∞Ù’Ò ‘Ø ‹≈È≈ ‘À¢ ¡◊ ¡≈Í ’‘∂∫, ÓÀ∫ ¡≈ÍÈ∂ √≈Ê ’ج∆ ÒÛ’∆ µ÷Ò± ¢ ÁØ «ÓÒ ’ ’≈«¬¡≈ Á∂ «Á¡≈ ’∂∫◊∂¢ Â≈Ø È∂ «’‘≈, 屧 «’≈¬∂ Á≈ «¯’ È≈∫ ’¢ ÓÀ∫ Í«‘Ò≈∫ «’‘Û≈ Ï∂√«Ó߇ «’≈¬∂ Â∂ «ÁµÂ∆ ‘ج∆ √∆? ¡ß‡∆ ¡≈Í Ï‘∞ ¡µ¤∆ ‘À¢ “ ¿∞‘ ’ßÓ Â∂ ⁄Ò∆ ◊¬∆¢ «√ÓÈ √Øȱ Á∂ ÁØ ÁØ√ Â≈Ø ’ØÒ ÿ ¡≈¬∂¢ ≈‹ È∂ Í∞µ«¤¡≈, ¡ß‡∆ ¡√∆∫ «‘µ‰ Ò¬∆ Ê≈∫ ÒµÌÁ∂ ‘≈∫¢ Â∞‘≈‚≈ ÿ ’≈Ò˜ Á∂ È∂Û∂ ‘À¢ ‚≈’‡ È∂ «’‘≈, √≈‚∂ «’√∂ ’ØÒ ⁄µ‹ Á∆ ’≈ È‘∆∫ ‘À¢ «¬√∂ Ò¬∆ ’≈Ò˜ Á∂ È∂Û∂ ¡≈¿∞‰≈∫ ⁄‘∞ßÁ∂ ‘≈∫¢ «¬ÊØ∫ Â≈∫ Â∞ ’∂ Ú∆ ‹≈ √’Á∂ ‘≈∫¢ √≈鱧 ¡≈ÍÁ∂ ÿ «Úµ⁄ Ê≈∫ Á∂ Á∂ÚØ¢ ¡√∆ Â∞‘≈‚∂ √≈∂ ’ßÓ Ú∆ ’ «Á¡≈∫ ’≈∫◊∂¢ «√ÓÈ È∂ «’‘≈, ÓÀ∫ Ú∆ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ’ØÒ «‘µ‰≈∫ ⁄‘∞ßÁ∆ ‘≈∫¢ Â∞√∆∫ √Øȱ Á∂ Óß Ó ∆ ‚À ‚ ∆ ‘Ø ¢ ‹ÁØ ÓÀ ∫ Â∞‘≈‚∂ ’ØÒ «‘ßÁ∆ ‘≈∫¢ ⁄ß◊≈ Òµ◊Á≈ ‘À¢ ◊≈Ó∂ È∂ «’‘≈, ʵÒ∂ ’∞Û∆ «‘ßÁ∆ ‘À¢ ¡√∆∫ Ú∆ ⁄‘∞ßÁ∂ ‘≈∫¢ ¿∞‘ ÿ ı≈Ò∆ ’ ‹≈Ú∂¢ √≈‚≈ Â≈∫ ¡µ◊∂ ‘∆ Í∞ Ò ∆√ ÷À « ‘Û≈ È‘∆∫ ¤µ‚Á∆¢ «¬√ ’∞Û∆ È∂ ÁØ Ï≈ Í∞Ò∆√ √µÁ ’∂ ◊≈‘ Í≈ «ÁµÂ≈ ‘À¢ ÒØ’ Í∞µ¤Á∂ ‘È, ‘∞‰ «Î ’∆ ‘Ø «◊¡≈ ‘À? Ó∂ ’∆ ’È Í«‘Ò≈∫ ¿∞√ È≈Ò ÓÀ∫ ◊µÒ ’ ÒÚ≈∫¢ ¿∞√ 鱧 ‹≈∫‰ Ò¬∆ ’«‘ Á∂Ú≈∫¢ Â≈Ø È∂ ¿∞√ ÂØ∫ ÎØÈ ÎÛ «Ò¡≈ ¢ ¿∞√ È∂ Ó∞ √ ’≈È È± ß ÎØ È ’’∂ «’‘≈, √≈‚∆ Ï∂√«Ó߇ «Úµ⁄ «‘µ‰ Ò¬∆, ‘Ø ÏßÁ∂ ÒµÌ ◊¬∂ ‘È¢ ÂÀ鱧 √Ó≈È ⁄µ’‰≈∫ ÍÀ‰≈∫ ‘À¢ ¿∞√ È∂ «’‘≈, ÓÀ∫ Â∞ ‘ ≈ȱ ß Áµ√‰≈∫ √∆, ÓÀ ∫ ¡≈ÍÁ∆ ÓßÓ∆ È≈Ò Ó±Ú ‘Ø ‘∆ ‘≈∫¢ ¡À  Ú≈ ȱ ß ⁄Ò∆ ‹Ú≈◊∆¢ Â≈Ø ÎØÈ È∂ ’µ‡ «ÁµÂ≈ √∆¢ ¿∞‘ ÏØÒ∆, Ù∞’ ‘À, ÏÒ≈ ¡≈Í∂ ‡Ò ◊¬∆¢ ÓÀ∫ «¬‘Ø «‹‘∆ 鱧 ‘Ø È‘∆∫ µ÷ √’Á∆¢ «¬‘ Â≈ «ÏÒ’∞ Ò ¡≈ÍÁ∂ «Í¿∞ Â∂ ◊¬∆ ‘À¢ ¿∞‘ √µÂ ϵ«⁄¡≈∫ 鱧 ¤µ‚ ’∂, ⁄Ò≈ «◊¡≈ √∆¢ Á±‹∆ ¡Ω È≈Ò «ÓÒ ’∂, ÈÚ∆∫ Ê≈∫ ¿∞Â∂ ÈÚ≈∫ ÿ Ú√≈ «Ò¡≈¢ ÈÚ∂ ϵ⁄∂ ‹ß Ó Ò¬∂ ¢ Ïß Á ∂ «Úµ⁄ √≈∂ ‹≈ÈÚ≈∫ Á∂ Òµ¤‰ ‘È¢ Á∆È-ËÓ Â≈∫ «Á÷≈Ú≈ ’È È±ß ‘À¢ ¡√Ò «‹ßÁ◊∆ «‹¿∞‰ Ú∂Ò∂ ÏßÁ≈ Á∆È-ËÓ Á∆¡≈∫ ˵˜∆¡≈∫ ¿∞‚≈ «ÁßÁ≈ ‘À ¢ ◊≈Ó∂ È∂ «’‘≈, ÓÀ Á∞È∆¡≈∫ Á∂ √≈∂ ¡ÀÏ ’∆Â∂ ‘È¢ ¿∞Ò≈Ï∂ Ú∆ Ï‘∞ ¡≈¬∂ ‘È¢ Í ÿ È‘∆∫ ¤µ«‚¡≈¢ ÏßÁ≈ ◊µÒÂ∆¡≈∫ ’’∂ ÏßÁ≈ ϵ‰Á≈ ‘À¢ Á∞È∆¡≈∫ Á≈∆ «¬√∂ Á∞È∆¡≈∫ Â∂ «√µ÷∆ ‹≈∫Á∆ ‘À¢ Ó∞√’≈È Â≈ «’√∂ ‘Ø Ó∞ß‚∂ È≈Ò Â∞∆ ¡≈ ‘∆ ‘À¢ «¬‘ ’Ω‰ ‘À? Â≈Ø È∂ «’‘≈, «¬√ Á≈ Ì≈ ‘؉≈∫ ‘À¢ √Ó≈È ⁄µ’Ú≈¿∞‰ 鱧 ÓÁµÁ ’È ¡≈«¬¡≈ ‘؉≈∫ ‘À¢ ¿∞√ Á∆ Ó≈∫ Ú∆ È≈Ò ‘∆ ‘À¢ «√ÓÈ ‹Ø Ú∆ Â∞√∆ ÷≈∫‰≈∫ Í∆‰≈∫ ‘À¢ ¡≈Í∂ ÷≈ ÒÚØ¢ ÓÀ∫ Ó∞√’≈È Á∆ ÓßÓ∆ 鱧 «ÓÒ ’∂ ¡≈¬∆¢ ¿∞√ ÂØ ∫ ¿∞ Í  È‘∆∫ ¡≈ ‘Ø ‰ ≈∫¢ Â∞Á∆ Ó√≈ ‘À¢ Ï‘∞ Ì≈∆ ‘À¢ ¿∞‘ ʵÒ∂ ⁄Ò∆ ◊¬∆¢ Ó∞√’≈È Á∆ ÓßÓ∆ È∂ «’‘≈, «¬√ È≈Ò Ï‘∞ Ó≈Û∆ ’’∂ ⁄Ò≈ «◊¡≈ ‘À¢ ¿∞√ Á≈ ’µ÷ È≈∫ Ï⁄∂¢ ÍÂ≈ È‘∆∫ ¿∞√ ’∆ Ó≈∫ ’À√∆ ‘ØÚ◊ ∂ ∆? «‹√ È∂ ¡À√≈ Ï∂‡≈ ÍÀÁ≈ ’∆¡≈¢ Â≈Ø Á≈ «Ë¡≈È ¿∞√ ÈÚ∂∫ ¡≈¬∂, Ó∞ß‚∂ ÚµÒ √∆¢ ¿∞√ È∂ «’‘≈, ÓÀ鱧 Â≈∫ ¿∞ ‘ Ó∞ ß ‚ ≈ ÏÛ∆ ÷∞ Ù ÂÏ∆¡Â Á≈ Ó≈Ò’ Òµ◊Á≈ √∆¢ √Ú∂  ∂ G Ú‹∂ ’ß Ó Â∂ ‹≈∫Á≈ √∆¢ ≈ Á∂ A@ Ú‹∂ AE ÿß«‡¡≈∫ «Í¤Ø∫ ÿ Ú≈ÍÁ ¡≈¿∞∫Á≈ √∆¢ «¬‘ E ÿ߇∂ ’ßÓ ’Á∆ ‘À ¢ Ó∞ √ ’≈È Ï‘∞  «˜¡≈Á≈ ÏØÒÁ∆ √∞‰Á∆ ‘∞ßÁ∆ √∆¢ ¿∞ √ Á∆ Ó≈∫-ÌÀ ‰ ȱ ß ◊≈ˇ≈ ’µ„Á∆ «‘ßÁ∆ √∆¢ ÍÀ«√¡≈∫ Á∆ ÒÛ≈¬∆ Ú∆ √∆¢ «¬‘ ’«‘ßÁ∆ √∆, Ó≈∫ 鱧 ÍÀ√∂ «’¿∞∫ Ì∂‹Á≈ ‘À? Ï≈Í «√ ¿∞Â∂ È‘∆∫ ‘À¢ ‹∂ Í∞µÂ Ó≈∫ 鱧 ÍÀ√∂ È≈∫ Ì∂‹±¢ ‘Ø Ó≈∫ ÙÛ’ Á∂ ÷Û∑ ’∂ Ì∆÷ Óß◊∂◊∆¢ «¬‘ Ó∞ß‚≈ ’Ω‰ ‘À? Ó∞√’≈È «Í¤∂ ÷Û∑∆ Â≈Ø È±ß ⁄∞µÍ ’È Á∂ «¬Ù≈∂ ’ ‘∆ √∆¢ Ï∞µÒ≈ ¿∞Â∂ ¿∞∫ˆˇ∆∫ µ÷∆ ÷Û∑∆ √∆¢ Ó∞ ß ‚ ≈ Â≈Ø Á∆¡≈∫ ◊µÒ≈∫ «Ë¡≈È È≈Ò √∞‰ «‘≈ √∆¢ Ó∞√’≈È Á∆ ÓßÓ∆ È∂ «’‘≈, «¬‘ Ó∞ß‚≈ «¬√ Á∂ ’ßÓ Â∂ ÈÚ≈ ¡≈«¬¡≈ ‘À¢ ¯∆¿±˜∆ ‘À¢ ¡µ‹ ≈Â È±ß «¬√ Á∂ «‘µ‰ Ò¬∆ Ê≈∫ È‘∆∫ √∆¢ «¬√ Ò¬∆ È≈Ò ¡≈ «◊¡≈¢ «¬√ Á≈ ÓµÂÒµÏ «¬‘ Â∞‘≈‚∂ È≈Ò «¬Ê∂ ‘∂◊≈¢ ¡µ◊∂ «’√∂ ‘Ø 鱧 µ÷∆ ÏÀ·∆ √∆¢ ¡µ‹ ‘Ø 鱧 ÒÀ ¡≈¬∆ ‘À¢ «¬‘ ◊µÒ È‘∆∫ Í∞◊‰∆¢ «¬‘ È‘∆∫ «¬Ê∂ «‘ √’Á≈¢ ¡≈ÍÁ∂ ÌÀ‰ Ì≈Ú≈∫ 鱧 √µÁ ’∂, «¬ÊØ∫ √Ó≈È ⁄µ’ ÒÚ∂ ¢ Ó∞ √ ’≈È ÓÀ È ± ß Â∂  ∂ Òµ¤‰ ·∆’ È‘∆∫ Òµ◊Á∂¢ 屧 Ó∂∂ ÿ «Úµ⁄ ‘Ø È‘∆∫ «‘ √’Á∆¢ ÂÀ鱧 ’µÒ 鱧 √Ó≈È ⁄µ’‰≈∫ ÍÀ‰≈∫ ‘À¢ «¬√ Ó∞ß‚∂ 鱧 ‘∞‰∂ Ì∂‹Á∂¢ Â≈Ø Á±‹∂ «ÁÈ «ÚÛ’≈ ÒÀ ‘∆ √∆¢ ¿∞‘ Ó≈∫ Ë∆ √≈≈ «ÁÈ ÿ È‘∆∫ ¡≈¬∆¡≈∫¢ ¿∞√ Ó∞ß‚∂ ’ØÒ ‹≈∫ ÍÂ≈ È‘∆∫, ≈ ȱ ß «’Ê∂ √∞µÂ∆¡≈∫? Â∆‹∂ «ÁÈ ÿ ¡≈¬∆¡≈∫¢ ¿∞ÁØ∫ ‘∆ ¿∞‘ ’ßÓ Â∂ ⁄Ò∆ ◊¬∆¢ ¿∞ ‘ ‹≈∫‰ Òµ◊∆ Â≈Ø È±ß ’«‘ ◊¬∆, ÓÀ ∫ Ú∆’«¬ß ‚ Â∂ √Ó≈È ¿∞·≈È≈∫ ‘À¢ Ó∂∆ Ï«‘È∂ ÓÁµÁ ’∂ ∫ ◊∆¢ «‹√ «ÁÈ ¿∞ ‘ √Ó≈È „Ø‘ ‘∆ √∆¢ ’ج∆ ÌÀ‰, Ì≈ ÓÁµÁ Ò¬∆ È‘∆∫ ¡≈«¬¡≈¢ ≈ Á∂ AB Ú‹∂ µ’ «¬’µÒ∆ √Ó≈∫È „ØÁ∆ ‘∆¢ ¡≈Í Èß◊, Ï≈Í Èß◊, Â∆‹∂ Èß◊ È≈È’∂¢ Ò≈‹ È≈∫ Í∂’∂ √Ω‘«¡≈∫ Á∆, «√ ÷∂‘ Í≈Ò∆ ‹≈∫‰ ’∂¢ 9218, 34 AVENUE EDMONTON, AB T6L 5P2 www.asiantribune.ca. Also, follow us on twitter @asiantribuneCa

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