The State of The Sector

 

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The state of the voluntary and community sector in Kensington & Chelsea in 2008

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the state of the sector a report on the voluntary and community sector in kensington and chelsea london 2008 photograph courtesy of st clement s and st james community development project charity no 1087457 limited company no 441637

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acknowledgments kcsc would like to thank all our funders for their support in the work that we do and our trustees staff and volunteers for their commitment and support kcsc would also like to thank all of our members who have supported the work of the organisation over the past year and would particularly like to thank those members who completed the questionnaire which has helped to produce this report guests at the funding link event 2007 in kensington and chelsea photograph courtesy of kcsc photo library a special thank you is given to the big lottery fund which has made the publication of this report possible 2 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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contents foreword introduction methodology a snapshot of the history of the vcs in kensington chelsea the vcs in kensington and chelsea today the state of the sector ­ results section one section two section three section four section five purpose of the organisation types of services offered in the borough income and sources of funding paid staff and volunteers service users and geographical coverage 4 5 6 7 9 10 10 11 12 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 future challenges for sector meeting future challenges conclusion about kensington and chelsea social council our goals our achievements from april 2007 to march 2008 staff and trustees the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea 3

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foreword from the late 19th century until after the establishment of the welfare state in 1948 much of what is now delivered by secular voluntary groups to redress poverty and disadvantage was delivered by active church university or public school members often with connections to a range of social movements these movements were led by sons and daughters of successful entrepreneurs who saw what industrialisation had resulted in for working class people in cities they set up foundations missions and settlements to educate support and house people modern day organisations evolved as a result of the welfare state not being a cure for all society s ills and developed into a wide range of groups united in their need to reduce poverty and disadvantage groups are united by their independence from the state and ability to campaign for hidden causes and voices in this report we show that our members are still delivering services that reach a wide range of groups with the diversity of our communities reflected in the types and range of work undertaken by our members we are pleased to have discovered how much activity is present and how much we do that contributes to active citizenship literature often indicates that it is these types of relationships that glue society together and this is echoed within this borough we consider that the existence of the local voluntary and community sector is vital for local life to flourish because we can reach individuals who are isolated we can create bonds between communities and we can be a critical friend to the state and the services it provides we believe our role to be unique and necessary for the future of this part of london this year this report has been produced in place of our annual review in producing this report we asked the local sector to take part with kcsc in a year long process to look at their past and scope their future this report marks a review point in the process we held an `our legacy conference in february 2008 where we looked at our history and how it influenced the sector today our agm on the 29th october 2008 will now look at the future of the sector and where we are in terms of our strengths and our weaknesses what we can do to secure a future for our work and how we may need to change to continue being effective the wishes of the conference will be appended to this report to create a wider view of who we are our background our present and our future we will aim to put it into the context of the changing external environment taking into account the impact it is having on our sector during the next year we will continue to collect helpful facts and figures to illustrate the findings in this report we plan to launch the final report at our agm in 2009 mary gardiner chief executive 4 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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introduction the aim of this report is to provide a picture of the voluntary and community sector vcs in the borough of kensington and chelsea the report assesses the shape and the size of the sector by bringing together known facts and figures to build the evidence since 2007 some of the work of kensington and chelsea social council kcsc has been to capture evidence on the success of the sector is its ability to work within and issues which matter to the local voluntary support diverse communities now and into the future photograph courtesy of rbkc mediastore and community sector combined with statistical data it is our intention to build a comprehensive picture of the state of the local sector which will encompass all aspects of vcs life in doing so this report represents stage one of building that picture which looks at a range of sizes of members of the sector in relation to services provided income area of work and potential impact it also looks at some of current issues which are affecting the vcs as a whole including central government policy local strategies and types of funding which open up the political debate on the future role of the sector further mapping will need to be conducted for stage two of our report to reveal the complete state of the local sector with the aim of capturing a much wider sample this will include the very small community and faith groups which are likely to be under the radar of regulators such as the charity commission and the emergence of the newer social enterprise model organisations both types of organisations and the local vcs as a whole require a deeper analysis on how they contribute to the economic environmental and social well-being of communities the sector increasingly needs to prove its relevance in today s climate of tighter public spending it will need to demonstrate its skill within an environment which requires value for money efficiency and competitive tendering between the private public and voluntary and community sector these are some of the difficult challenges which face the vcs as it strives to maintain its independence in areas of campaigning advocacy and service delivery whilst seeking the money it needs to survive the vcs in kensington and chelsea has a long and interesting history which was revitalised by the arrival of people from the caribbean in the 1950 s the history since 1958 has helped to create a sector which has a strong knowledge of its diverse community and the struggle to meet it s needs it also has a history of innovation and the ability to connect with the community in ways which can bring pride to those who work in the sector it is for those reasons that this report is brought to you to remember the history of the local sector to celebrate its current achievements and to prepare itself for the future angela spence policy development manager 5 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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methodology kcsc has a total of 850 voluntary and community organisations on its database these range from small local community groups to organisations delivering services across a wider region which are based in the borough the method used to capture the evidence within the report includes 1 details about kcsc members held on the kcsc database 2 kcsc questionnaire sent via email to every organisation held on the database and by post for those members without an email address 3 charity commission website 4 organisation annual reports 5 guidestar website 6 royal borough of kensington and chelsea website putting together the information from these sources provided a varied amount of data the questionnaire sent to members of kcsc to update information already held on the database received a return of 111 13 response rate this presents only a snapshot of updated information particularly on the important area of sources of funding and annual income previously held information on the database has therefore been used to build a picture on areas such as ethnicity services staffing and location of activities information from the charity commission and guidestar have helped to build a more detailed picture of the annual income of voluntary and community groups in the borough but does not provide information on annual income for small groups who do not have to register with the commission in total information on the annual income of 198 organisations were collected using these sources gathering information from annual reports on funding sources has been helpful in providing a sample of where funding comes from in the borough coupled with information already held on the kcsc database information on sources of funding was gathered on 80 organisations information on organisations which have been funded by rbkc was collected from the rbkc website all information on income and income sources relates to financial year ending 2007 information on audited accounts for 2007/8 is not yet available on the charity commission website 6 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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a snapshot of the history of the vcs in kensington chelsea a snapshot of the voluntary and community sector vcs in the 1950 s kensington and chelsea developed a reputation as an area which welcomed new communities people arriving from the west indies believed it to be an area where they could get work be housed and be given support to become a part of the community however in the 1950 s and 60 s north kensington became a part of london nobody much cared for or about homes were overcrowded and dilapidated services were few and the area was considered dangerous and exciting overcrowding in the area provided little space for children to play and problems with housing became much worse when rent controls were removed and unsavoury landlords took advantage to increase rents and take advantage of those already suffering from poverty and living in poor conditions this was particularly common for the newly arrived immigrants who due to discrimination found it difficult to rent property and therefore had to take what they could get and as a result were exploited during the 1950 s and 60 s those families which were more affluent in the area moved out to the suburbs this change altered the social and economic balance of the area and the disparity between the north and parts of the south of k&c grew as a consequence of poor living conditions and dreadful housing practices as well as race riots the area developed a local view of unrest which led to the determination to improve social and living conditions through local voluntary action as a direct result a number of key local voluntary agencies developed that worked with local people to campaign influence and grow organisations this led to the strong local voluntary and community sector that we still see today notting hill social council nhsc was set up in 1960 a partnership across faith secular and political groups it led a number of key projects such as the setting up of notting hill housing trust in 1963 which later helped to set up shelter the neighbourhood law service north kensington law centre was set up in 1968 to offer free legal advice and assistance to the community and was the first of its kind in the country leading to a national network of centres the arrival of people from the west indies changed the face of kensington and chelsea photograph courtesy of kcsc photo library the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea 7

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a snapshot of the history of the vcs in kensington chelsea the motorway development trust now known as westway development trust was set up in 1969 and has worked in partnership to support new groups to emerge when a need has been identified in 1964 the sister organisation to nhsc chelsea social council was established to work with groups in earls court and worlds end where conditions were similar to those in north kensington between the late 1960 s and early 1990 s the development of the black and minority ethnic bme voluntary and community sector was distinct and reflected the changing nature of local communities initially community groups were set up to support the newly arrived immigrants from the west indies and ireland but by the late 1980 s and early 1990 s the sector had grown to support a wider diaspora particularly from east and west africa the growth of smaller bme community groups in the 1990 s led to the setting up of the migrant and refugee communities forum mrcf a federation of bme migrant and refugee community groups in the borough in 2002 the two social councils merged to become kensington and chelsea social council this joined 2 sets of member organisations together and offered to local groups a stronger lead body that was more able to advocate support develop and share knowledge than had been possible previously michael bach chair of trustees at the kcsc agm in 2007 photograph courtesy of kcsc photo library 8 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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the vcs in kensington and chelsea today today in kensington and chelsea we have a wide range of organisations delivering services that bring benefits to the community they reflect to a degree the way in which the local council is divided into business groups which are · families children and young people · engaging communities · older people these groups now form a set of voices feeding into our local strategic partnership the kensington and chelsea partnership kcp this structure encourages greater recognition of the work of the sector and its potential as an influencer of policy development it also highlights the continued importance of making a difference to individual lives and to local life today the voluntary and community sector in kensington and chelsea is estimated to be worth around £19m with a large proportion of around £7m coming from rbkc however this estimate is likely to be much greater when considering the annual income of national organisations working in the borough see section on charity income in the report the ncvo almanac 20071 has found that only charities with the annual income of £1m stand a better chance of increasing their income year on year whilst the income is falling for those under £1m the report recognises the growing trend in `super-charities which dominate the sector with only 2 of the largest charities bringing in 43 share of the sector s income the role and contribution of the sector to the photograph courtesy of st clement s economy is not in dispute existing research demonstrates that there are many voluntary and community groups that already directly contribute to social and economic inclusion organisations in the borough such as sixty plus estimate the value of the work of their volunteers equates to around £82,000 for 11,500 hours of work which demonstrates volunteering in the borough to be very active and again contributes a great deal to the economy services users from st clements and st james community development project 1 the uk voluntary sector almanac the state of the sector 2007 ncvo the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea 9

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state of the sector ­ results section one ­ purpose of the organisation c h a rt 1 ­ purposeoftheorganis at i o n from 221 responses the largest proportion of organisations in the borough 29 were set up to provide advice information advocacy and campaigning work as a main or secondary service health and social care shows the second largest proportion of organisations 17 the lowest percentage is within the environment community safety and homelessness whilst the results are indicative they reveal a clear need for advice information and advocacy services within the community and greater resources for services such as community safety and the environment main service refers to services offered as a priority within the organisation based on the purpose of the organisation secondary services are services offered in addition to the main or priority service 10 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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state of the sector ­ results section two ­ types of services offered in the borough c h a rt 2 ­ s e rv icesdeliveredintheboroughcha rt 3 ­ s e rv icesdeliveredintheborough the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea 11

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state of the sector ­ results section 2 shows the types of main services provided by organisations in the borough compared to those services which were indicated as secondary services provided by the same organisation the sample reveals that advice/information and capacity building services had the highest proportion of services delivered as priority and secondary services both charts also show a higher response to secondary services compared to main services the results may reveal to some extent the level at which organisations are delivering other services in addition to what they are funded to provide as a matter of meeting needs and expectations within the community further evidence will need to be gathered to understand the nature of service provision within the borough and whether it is linked to funding or based on client need in spite of funding section three ­ income and sources of funding c h a rt 4 ­ annualincomebracket 12 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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state of the sector ­ results annual income bracket number of organisations actual total income £0 1,000 £1,001 £10,000 £10,001 £100,000 £101,000 £250,000 £251,001 ­ £1m £1m £5m £5m £10m £10m unknown 4 21 41 35 47 24 8 15 137 1 6 13 11 14 7 2 5 43 £1,425 £92,672 £1,704,234 £5,459,158 £24,082,385 £63,737,634 £53,818,015 £1,117,399,453 chart 4 and the table above show the annual income of voluntary and community groups in the borough broken down by size as previously mentioned it is the organisations with annual income of £10,000 or less that tend to go unrecorded yet according to ncvo almanac 2006 over 50 of the vcs fall within this bracket kcsc will continue to develop this area of knowledge for stage 2 of the report to ensure all small voluntary and community sector groups are captured within the dataset c h a rt 5 ­ sourcesoffunding the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea 13

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state of the sector ­ results chart 5 reveals that out of a sample of 201 organisations 121 received funding from rbkc in 2007 with the second largest funder being trusts whilst the evidence shows a good funding relationship with the council the strong reliance on this type of funding may impact on future sustainability unless organisations seek to diversify income through other means of income generation section four ­ paid staff and volunteers c h a rt 6 ­ percen ta geof pa i d s ta ffemployedinthesec to rcha rt 7 ­ percen ta geofvolunteersworkinginthesec to r 14 the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea

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state of the sector ­ results 123 organisations responded to the question of total paid staff within the organisation including that of part-time paid staff it is encouraging to see in chart 6 that 44 of organisations have between 1-4 paid staff and a respectable 26 have between 5 and 15 paid staff chart 7 shows that when it comes to volunteering either informally on a casual basis or formally as a trustee the borough has a high 72 rate of organisations where between 5 to 15 people volunteer during one year both charts reveal the extent to which the sector contributes to economic and social capital within the borough section five ­ service users and geographical coverage chart 8 ­ percen ta geofse rv iceusersintheborough black and minority ethnic lesbian gay bisexual and trans-gender the state of the sector in kensington and chelsea 15

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