Faro to visit

 

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Contents Tourism................................................................. Getting Here.......................................................... By Road................................................................. By Air..................................................................... By Railway............................................................. By Sea................................................................... Where to Stay........................................................ Where to Eat.......................................................... Faro Invites You.................................................... Markets and Fairs................................................... What to Do and Visit............................................... Route 1 – "The Other Side of the City Centre!"............ Route 2 – "The Old Town"........................................ Route 3 – "The Village of Estoi"................................. Route 4 – "Santa Bárbara de Nexe and the View"....... Route 5 – "Ria Formosa Islands".............................. Nature and Green Areas.......................................... Faro in History....................................................... Architectural Heritage........................................... Religious and Cultural Heritage............................. 3 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 15 23 28 32 36 37 38 55

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Tourism Being the Algarve’s capital, Faro is a city to (re)discover. Ossónoba, the former city name, has a pre-roman origin and it was one of the most important urban cores in southern Portugal. Faro’s history was, and still is, built by experiences, people and communities that left an undoubtedly generational brand in the territory. These are stories materialized in the occupied, inhabited and organized space that allow experiences and respond to the social and spiritual needs of a community witnessed by the architectonic and beautiful heritage. The city’s rich and diverse history is written in the streets, buildings and spaces that we daily use and that, frequently, without noticing, touch our path. The cultural heritage, material and immaterial, is the cornerstone of our identity and collective memories; the inheritance of the Past, lived Today, bequeathed to the Future. Enjoy the richness of Faro, visit it, know it and taste it. 3

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Getting Here Faro is located in a privileged area only 3 and a half hours by plane from the main European destinations, about 2 and a half hours from Lisbon by car, using the A2 highway and less than 1 hour from Andalusia, using the A22 highway. Arriving to Faro can be made by several ways: By Road Reaching by car you can use the A22 Highway (Via do Infante) and the EN125. Both roads cross the Algarve. There are two A22 exits to Faro. Another option is to use the Coaches that connects Faro to the rest of the country and Europe. For further information about schedules and destinations, please click: InterSul – www.intercentro.pt Renex - www.renex.pt EVA - www.eva-bus.com The Municipality has a local bus network that guarantees connections between the various parishes. EVA - www.eva-bus.com 4

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By Air The Faro International Airport was inaugurated in 1965 being located 7 km from Faro’s city centre. At present, it receives flights from the main European tourist destinations, being the most important entrance for tourists in the region. For further information about Faro’s International Airport, flight schedules and airline companies, please click : http//www.ana.pt/ptPT/Aeroportos/Algarve/Faro/Paginas/HomeFaro.aspx By Railway The main cities in the Algarve have train stations, which are an option to a better mobility in the region. The Regional line is connected to the National Railway Net and one can travel from Faro to Lisbon in 3 hours and from Faro to Oporto in 5 hours. For further information about schedules and destinations, please click www.cp.pt By Sea The arrival to Faro may be done by sea, once the city has a Harbour / Commercial Port. The Port of Faro is administrated by the Portuguese Port and Maritime Transport Institute – South Delegation For further information please click www.imarpor.pt 5

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Where to Stay Faro offers visitors a wide range of accommodations allowing a pleasant stay. Most of the hotels are located on the coastline and range from 2 until 4 star units. Despite this it is still possible to lodge in barrocal (inland) parishes such as Santa Bárbara de Nexe and Estoi, in units highly integrated in the landscape such as Estoi Palace, now a Pousada. The Estoi Palace, located in the village of Estoi, whose adaptation and expansion project were made by the architect Gonçalo Byrne and landscaping architect João Cerejeiro, is the only Pousada integrated in the historic design in the Algarve. For the younger generation, apart from the recent low cost accommodations, there is also a youth hostel. 6

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Where to Eat The Algarve has a rich traditional gastronomy, whose origin dates back from the Roman and Muslim periods. Due to it’s location, you may find dishes that combine fresh sea flavours with the strong aromas from the land. As examples of the Ria Formosa’s importance and fishing activities we have the famous razor shell rice, fried cuttlefish or scaled horse mackerel and for desert nothing better that a tasty Dom Rodrigo (egg threads and almond) or a Morgado (almond cake). The Ria Formosa Festival is one of the main initiatives for promoting those produces. Organised by VIVMAR - Associação de Viveiristas e Mariscadores da Ria Formosa, it occurs between late July and early August. You can taste the best shellfish that the Ria has to offer; oysters, razor-clams, cockles, mussels, whelks, clams, crabs, all of which are cooked in a traditional way or according to the new gastronomic tendencies. 7

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1 2 3 Here is a list of some typical dishes and sweets that you can taste in restaurants, hotels and regional festivals: 1 - Scaled horse mackerel 2 - Lamb leg in the pan 3 - Pork meat with clams 4 - Xarém (cornmeal oats) 5 - Peas with eggs “Algarve style” 6 - Stewed partridge 7 - Fried rabbit 8 - Boiled chickpea with pork and vegetables 9 - Stuffed squids “Algarve style” 10 - Tuna steaks with tomatoes 11 - Broad beans “Algarve style” 12 - Chicken soup with conquilhas (banded wedge shells) 13 - Garlic Gazpacho 14 - Carrots pickled with cumin and garlic 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Sweets: 13 14 15 15 - Dried fig with almond 16 - Marzipan 17 - Almond cake 18 - Sweet Easter Cake with cinnamon 19 - Orange Pudding 20 - Dom Rodrigo (egg threads with almond) 16 17 18 19 20 8

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Faro Invites You Monthly, the Council, the Municipal Theatre and various cultural associations organise many initiatives in order to make your visit a pleasant experience. The summer is the liveliest period, with several themed fairs, concerts, sportive events, festivals amongst other important events. Throughout the year you can purchase handicraft or other traditional products in the numerous fairs and monthly markets. In the evening, enjoy the nice, cosy and relaxed atmosphere in the range of bars where you can dance, listen to live music, enjoy a drink or light meal. 9

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Markets and Fairs Faro’s Handicraft Fair 2nd Saturday of the month 10am » 5pm Place: Manuel Bívar Garden Org.: Municipality of Faro Estoi parish Market 2nd Sunday of the month 9am » 1pm Place: Estoi Montenegro parish Handicraft Fair 1st Sunday of the month 10am » 2pm Place: Júlio Dinis street Org: Montenegro parish Handicraft, local producers and Collectibles Fair 2nd Sunday of the month 10am » 4pm Place: neat the Municipal Theatre Org.: S. Pedro parish 10

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What to Do and Visit The best way to get acquainted with the city is to wonder around its streets. We propose a walk in the City’s Downtown (Route 1 – The Other Side of the City Centre) or in the Historic Quarters (Route 2 – The Old Town). No less interesting are the routes in the villages of Estoi (Route 3 – The Village of Estoi) and Santa Barbara de Nexe (Route 4 – Santa Bárbara de Nexe and the Views). Apart from having a wide architectural and religious heritage, Faro is a municipality set in the midst of an outstanding natural setting, featuring all requirements for the practise of nautical and nature tourism. To enjoy the Ria Formosa Nature Park, considered one of the 7 Natural Wonders, just accept our invitation and take (Route 5 – Ria Formosa Islands). You can find regular boat services schedule here. The Ria’s special features allow practising a wide range of activities such as Kytesurf, cannoning, row, boat trips or birdwatching all promoted by several existent ecotourism companies. Ecotourism companies also develop activities in the town and inland. You can also choose from a horse-drawn carriage ride through the city or, instead, take a tourist train ride. 11

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Route 1 – The Other Side of the City Centre 7 6 5 3 2 1 4 1 Algarve Regional Museum 2 Lethes Theatre 3 Church of Nossa Senhora do Monte do Carmo (Our Lady of Mount Carmel) 4 Market Hall 12 5 6 7 Jewish Cemetery Municipal Theatre building Casa das Figuras

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(On foot or by car) Pontinha Square In Pontinha square, enjoy a visit to the Algarve Regional Museum (1) where you can get acquainted with some of the Algarve's traditions through the existing museum holdings of regional typical objects; enjoy the spaces recreation of the Algarve's traditional house and tavern over which the village's social life revolved around. The museum founder and responsible was the painter Carlos Filipe Porfirio (1895-1970). Afterwards walk along Portugal Street towards Lethes Theatre (2). The building's construction, formerly owned by the College of the Society of Jesus, dates back the year 1605 and after the Jesuits expulsion in 1759, was integrated in the Royal Treasury. In 1843, after the implementation of Liberalism, the building was purchased at an auction by Dr. Lazarus Doglioni. The theatre's adaptation works were performed by his nephew, Dr. Justino Cumano, having opened in 1855. The name Lethes, means "River of Forgetfulness" and represents the use of art, culture and entertainment. When leaving the building, turn right, go across Mouras Velhas Square and follow São Luís Street (St. Louis). In Cruz das Mestras Street turn left and follow until Carmo Square. Here you'll will find the Church of Nossa Senhora do Monte do Carmo (Our Lady of Mount Carmel) (3), built in 1713 by Bishop António Pereira da Silva, one of the most important aesthetic manifestations of religious and artistic heritage of the region. Inside are the images of São João Baptista (St. John the Baptist) and São José (St. Joseph) on the sides of the tabernacle, as well as the images of Santo António (St. Anthony) and Santa Maria Madalena de Pazzi (St. Mary Magdalene of Pazzi). Next to the building is a small Chapel of Bones. 13

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Route 1 – The Other Side of the City Centre Return to Pontinha Square and take a drive towards the Market Hall (4), by João de Deus Street and then turn right at Mouzinho Albuquerque Street. On the Market Hall (there is a car park), in the morning, you can find many fruit and vegetables, flowers, fish, meat and various traditional products stallholders. Take a moment to relax in one of the existing ter races. Follow the Bombeiros Portugueses Street across São Luís Square towards Estrada da Penha and visit also the Jewish Cemetery (5). The cemetery is located on the right side, next to São Luís Stadium. To visit Faro's Municipal Theatre we suggest returning to the Market Hall and by car, take General Teófilo Trindade Street, across Ascension Aboim Street, turn left, go through the Avenue of Dr. Adelino da Palma Carlos until you find the roundabout, on your left you will find Faro's Municipal Theatre building (6), a project by the architects Gonçalo Byrne and Sophie Matias. Take the opportunity to visit this space and discover the cultural programming. Next to the theatre you'll find the Casa das Figuras (7), a 18th century Baroque building. Its facade has a pediment cut which brings into relief two dragons with human faces, flanked by dolphins. Across the road are some green areas where you can keep fit in the existing fixtures or visit one of the existing commercial spaces nearby. 14

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Route 2 – The Old Town 2 15 1 3 4 5 10 8 9 5 7 6 11 14 13 12 16 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Manuel Bivar Garden Almirante Ramalho Ortigão Maritime Museum Misericórdia Church (Church of Mercy) Arco da Vila (Town Arch) Town Hall Municipal Museum Santa Maria Church / Cathedral Bishop's Palace 9 Episcopal Seminary's facade 10 Ciência Viva - Science Centre 11 City Walls 12 São Francisco Church (St. Francis) 13 14 Barbican Towers Belmarço Palace 15 Chapel of Pé da Cruz 16 Municipal Library Antonio Ramos Rosa 15

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