#ecotourism01. Birdwatching & Tourism


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The best routes for birdwatchers in Castilla y León (Spain)

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2014. #ecotourism01. Interactive Guide The best routes for birdwatchers in Castilla y León (Spain) © www.birdingtrekkingandnature.com Blue rock thrush (Monticola solitarius) Birdwatching & Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain.com Staff www.turismohumano.com Eco Tourism 1 TRINO Project


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TRINO Common crane (Grus grus) 2 Eco Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain,com


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6 Little bustard (Tetrax tetrax) The TRINO Project Rural tourism and birdwatching The Trino Project (Rural tourism and birdwatching) is the plan of thirty Local Action Groups, it is part of the LEADERCAL programme that comes under the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) in Castilla y León (Spain). It endeavours to promote bird watching holidays in Castilla y León with the objective of ensuring that the rural accommodation on offer covers the needs of the bird watchers and respects nature by using sustainable processes together with the commitment of good environmental practises. The plan’s other objectives are to make sure the region acquires sharper environmental awareness through education aimed at children and young people; as well as to increase the understanding among arable, dairy and stock farmers; and to train guides. There are other activities to make certain you don’t leave the region disappointed, like the conservation of protected species and routes that have been tailored to respect wildlife and their natural habitats, prepared for bikes, horses and horse-drawn carriages according to the species you want to see. There is a wide-variety of bird-friendly habitats in the vast geographical area of the Castilla y León region. From the extensive plains of the interior to the surrounding mountains, diverse territories are formed that attract birds of different species. The birds you can find here include Euro-Siberian birds like the Capercaillie, Mediterranean birds like the Spanish Imperial eagle and steppe birds like the Great Bustard that lives in moor land. www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 3


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El Bierzo (Asodebi) Montaña Noroccidental Montaña de Riaño Leonesa (Cuatro Valles) Montaña Palentina León Páramo, Esla y Órbigo (Poeda) Sur de León (Adescas) Palencia A Ca S (Adec Montañas del Teleno Tierra de Campos Palentina Tierra de Campos (Araduey) de Valladolid Valles de Benavente (Adri Valladolid Norte) (Macovall 2000) Cerrato Palentin Campos-PanNorte Duero (Adri Palomares) Zona Centro de Valladolid Zamora Valladolid Comarca de Sayago (Aderisa) HonorseTierra de Pin S Zona Oeste de Salamanca (Adezos) Nordeste de Salamanca Comarca de Alba y Guijuelo (Adrecag) Comarca Sta. Mª Comarca de la Real de Nieva (Aidescom) La Moraña (Adrimo) Segov Sur Salamanca Sierra de Béjar y Francia (Adriss) Ávila Valle del Tiétar 4 Eco Tourism MA (Grupo


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Las Merindades Amaya La Bureba amino de (Adeco-Bureba) Santiago co-Camino) Burgos Sierra de la Comarca del Demanda Arlanza (Agalsa) (Adecoar) no Ribera del Duero Burgalesa Soria Segovia nares Comarca de Almazán (Adema) via r APA INTERACTIVO DE TERRITORIO TRINO os de Acción Local adheridos al Proyecto Trino) www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 5


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La Moraña (Ávila) White stork Red kite Montagu´s harrier Hen harrier Lesser kestrel Hobby Merlin Crane Little bustard Great bustard Black-bellied sandgrouse Pin-tailed sandgrouse Blackwinged stilt Stone curlew La Moraña You can find four different types of habitat on the plain in the province of Avila: wheat and cereal fields, forested areas, wetlands and rural communities. The wheat and cereal fields, an ecosystem with the greatest environmental importance, is the habitat of species of birds that receive the highest grade of World protection, like the great bustard and the little bustard, as well as other birds just as beautiful and important like Montagu’s harriers and stone curlews, sandgrouse and black-bellied grouse. In this district in the province of Ávila there are around 220 species (65% of those seen in Castilla y León). Birdwatching routes • El Oso Wetlands (weekend) • Lagunas de El Oso • Madrigal de las Altas Torres - Rasueros Tourist services Birds of interest Route Madrigal de las Altas Torres Landscape Cereal plains, pine forests, groves, thicket, wetlands, pasture El Oso wetlands 6 Eco Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain,com


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The Tiétar valley (Ávila) Black stork White stork Honey buzzard Black-shouldered kite Black kite Short-toed eagle Spanish imperial eagle Booted eagle Golden eagle Black vulture Birds Hobby Crane Little tern Eagle owl Roller Lesser spotted woodpecker Bluethroat Spanish sparrow of interest The Surroundings of Rosarito Reservoir in Candeleda The Tiétar valley As a whole, the areas of Red Natura 2000: Sierra de Gredos, Valle del Tiétar and the Cerros de Guisando, occupy 81% of the area of the Tiétar valley district. In the area around the Rosarito marsh, there are hides where you can watch different birds like anatidae and cranes. At the confluence with the Tiétar gorge there is a chance of seeing black storks, in danger of extinction. The Hiruelas valley, the Pico mountain pass and the Torozo peak are other options; not forgetting the SPA (Special Protection Area) at Castañar de Casillas. Birdwatching routes • The Surroundings of Rosarito Reservoir in Candeleda • Castañar de Casillas • Tiétar Valley and Sierra de Gredos Natural Park (ZEPA) (weekend) Visit this district Tourist services Landscape Mediterranean forest, groves, thicket, mountain pasture, wetlands. Castañar de Casillas www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 7


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La Bureba (Burgos) Birds of interest La Bureba The territory that makes up la Bureba forms part of the transition zone between the Bay of Biscay and the Mediterranean, this favours the existence of a wide variety of habitats and consequently, different species of birds. The recommended places for bird-watching: the Obécuri and Bajauri woods, where most representative species in this woodland is the population of middle spotted woodpeckers, one of the most important on the Iberian Peninsula; the Montes Obarenes Nature Park and the area around the Ubierna river, as well as the Rucios gorge and stream. Birdwatching routes • The Woods of Obécuri & Bajauri • El Pan Perdido • Ubierna between the dehesa and the gorge Visit this district Tourist services Middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius) Egyptian vulture Griffon vulture Chough Golden eagle Bonelli´s eagle Peregrin Grey partridge Honey buzzard Woodcock Eagle owl Alpine chough Landscape Ubierna gorge Rocky crags, Atlantic forest, Mediterranean forest, groves, thicket 8 Eco Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain,com


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Amaya-Pilgrim Way of St. James (Burgos) Birds of interest Egyptian vulture Griffon vulture Hen harrier Montagu´s harrier Golden eagle Peregrine Eagle owl Chough Alpine chough Rock thrush Cortados of Peña Ulaña Amaya-Camino de Santiago (St. James’ Way) In this district there are two very different areas: in the North zone where the landscape is much more mountainous and with a wealth of game mainly in the Ebro and Rudrón gorges. The area of the Amaya rock, the surrounding area and the Humada, Rebolledo de la Torre, the Tozo and Valdelucio valleys are examples of landscape shaped by the action of numerous rivers which contrasts with the high and sparse moor. Both areas have been included as SPA’s (Special Protection Area) and SCI’s (Site of Community Importance). Birdwatching routes • Gorge of the river Rudrón • Lagoons of Villasandino • Cortados of Peña Ulaña • ZEPA Humada-Peña Amaya and Rudrón (weekend) Visit this district Tourist services Landscape Rocky crags, moorland Rudrón River www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 9


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The Arlanza district (Burgos) Birds of interest Egyptian vulture Griffon vulture Hen harrier Golden eagle Bonelli´s eagle Peregrine Eagle owl Alpine swift Blue rock thrush The Arlanza district The mountains of the Upper Arlanza called Sabinares del Arlanza and the banks of the rivers have been designated as SPA’s and SCI’s. In the areas where cereals are grown you can see birds like the great bustard, partridge, quail, crow and shrike, and of course birds of prey. The riparian forest, as well as the abundance of small fish and insects, provide food for the kingfishers, grey herons, nightingales and lesser whitethroats. Egyptian and Griffon vultures can be found in the gorges. Birdsong of birds like the nightingale, lesser whitethroats, icterine warblers and golden orioles can be heard by the riversides. Birdwatching routes • Steppe Birds at Villangómez • The River Valley at Lerma • Mataviejas Gorge Visit this district Tourist services Steppe Birds at Villangómez The River Valley at Lerma Landscape Rocky crags, moorland, Mediterranean forest 10 Eco Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain,com


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The Duero riverside in the province of Burgos Birds of interest Egyptian vulture Griffon vulture Golden eagle Peregrine Eagle owl Dupont´s lark Alpine swift Black wheatear Blue rock thrush Chough Red-backed shrike Reservoir of Tíórtoles de Esgueva The Duero riverside in the province of Burgos Landscape Cereal plains, groves, thicket, moorland, rocky crags, Mediterranean forest The Valleys of the Duero and Esgueva rivers make up a territory with many similar elements, the valley landscape is made up of plains, undulated land, hills and slopes that are dotted between irrigated land, cereal crops, vines and mountains. It is a predominantly agricultural area that has been farmed since ancient times, from the fertile vales of irrigated land to the extensive fields of cereal crops, not forgetting the vines dotted over the countryside. An extremely beautiful landscape that is characteristically riverside and wooded with a great bird wealth. Birdwatching routes • Wetlands of Villaba de Duero • La Aguilera and its birds • The reservoir of Tórtoles de Esgueva Visit this distict Tourist services Wetlands of Villaba de Duero www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 11


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Sierra de la Demanda (Burgos) Sierra de la Demanda La Sierra de la Demanda has two SPAs (Sierra de la Demanda and Sabinares del Arlanza), both belonging to Mediterranean bio-geographic regions. The interesting wetlands of Atapuerca and Hacinas are added to these. Out of the birds found in the Sierra de la Demanda there are white storks, Montagu’s harriers, Egyptian vultures, turtle dove, Bonelli’s eagles, golden eagles, Griffon vultures, peregrine falcons, eagle owls, shorttoed eagles, booted eagles, black kites and many others. The presence of hen harriers, European honey buzzards and Iberian grey partridges deserve a mention because of the special protection they receive. Birdwatching routes • Atapuerca Wetland • The Hacinas Lagoons • Mataviejas Gorge Visit this district Tourist services The Hacinas Lagoons Landscape Atlantic forest, lagoons and peatland, glaciers, high mountain pasture, rocky crags, pine forests, groves, thicket Birds of interest Hen harrier Grey partridge Honey buzzard Golden eagle Peregrine Treecreper Woodcock Alpine accentor Rock thrush Griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) 12 Eco Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain,com


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Las Merindades (Burgos) Birds of interest Egyptian vulture Griffon vulture Hen harrier Montagu´s harrier Golden eagle Bonelli´s eagle Peregrine Eagle owl Alpine swift Dupont´s lark Alpine chough The Wetlands of the Ebro Reservoir The region has a total area of 2,717 km2. It is comprised of 27 municipalities. Transition zone between the Atlantic and Mediterranean, the two large European bio-geographic regions, making this district a true bird paradise because of its landscape and biological diversity. With regard to the birdlife, Las Merindades has around 175 different species that can be seen at different times of the year because birds nest here, spend the summer or winter as well as migrate from the north of Europe in search of warmer climes. Birdwatching routes • Ebro Reservoir and Ojo Guareña Natural Monument (weekend) • The Wetlands of the Ebro Reservoir • Lakes of Gayangos Visit this district Tourist services Las Merindades The Antuzanos Lagoons Landscape Rocky crags, groves, thicket, moorland, Atlantic forest, Mediterranean forest www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 13


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The Sahagún- South of Leon area (León) Sahagún–Southeast León Region Landscape Cereal plains, wetland Tierra de Campos, los Oteros and the foothills give this district a great landscape diversity over a relatively small area, where you can hike, fish, take a cycle route, canoe, horse ride and even fly in a light aircraft. Additionally, the Southeast of Leon has a network of wetlands and other fluvial reserves that are ideal for bird-watching from hides situated on the main lakes. You can also see steppeland birds like the great bustard in Tierra de Campo. A territory dotted with small steppe-land lakes and wetlands. The area in which Sahagún – Southeast León Region works includes 41 municipalities, with 166 localities. Birdwatching routes • Valverde - Enrique • Rebollares del Cea Visit this district Tourist services Rebollares del Cea Montagu´s harrier Lesser kestrel Great bustard Marsh harrier Hen harrier Little bustard Blackbellied sandgrouse Short-eared owl Merlin Dotterel Rook Great Bittern (Botaurus stellaris) Birds of interest 14 Eco Tourism www.birdwatchinginspain,com


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The Bierzo district (León) Birds of interest The birds of Carucedo Honey buzzard Hen harrier Grey partridge Rock thrush The Bierzo district Capercaille Golden eagle Black woodpecker Woodcock Atlantic forest, high mountain, pasture The Bierzo district is situated in the northwest of the province of Leon. The most characteristic of the terrain is its shape, like a bowl surrounded by mountains with peaks of up to 2.000 metres. Good territory for bird-watching especially by the Rebolo stream, in the Sierra de los Ancares or the stunning landscape of Las Médulas. The route to the largest wetlands in the district, the Carucedo lake, takes you past some impressive chestnuts groves and you go through a rich riverside and lake ecosystem, where you can see birds typical of these environments. Birdwatching routes • Las Médulas and Montes del Teleno (weekend) • The Birds of Carucedo • Peranzanes and its birds • Arroyo del Rebolo Visit this district Tourist services Landscape Arnado en la ruta del Arroyo del Rebolo www.birdwatchinginspain.com Eco Tourism 15



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