Youth and Road Safety Action Kit

 

Embed or link this publication

Description

The Action Kit is a youth friendly road safety guide and aims to make road safety accessible to youth everywhere. YOURS - Youth for Road Safety

Popular Pages


p. 1

youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 2

the african region has one of the highest fatality rates from road traffic crashes in the world and most victims are young people like myself we have the right responsibility and capability to change this situation this youth and road safety action kit is an essential addition to our road safety toolbox it will help us develop our capacities to become safer road users and effective advocates for road safety sheila atieno 25 years kenya i participated in yours road safety workshop at the muscat youth summit and learned so much from it i didn t realise that road safety was such a big issue in the world with over 1000 young people dying every day after the workshop i spread the message with my friends and family and i know that this action kit will give young people like me the knowledge we need to be safe on the roads samar f alchahef 19 years lebanon young people have the most to gain from improvements to road safety as it is their lives which are most at risk on the world s roads they also have an enormous potential to make important contributions as advocates and implementers of road safety initiatives who is pleased to support yours youth for road safety in its work with youth from around the world including its efforts to build their capacities for advocacy etienne krug director department of violence and injury prevention and disability world health organization road traffic injuries are globally the leading cause of death for young people this is unacceptable and avoidable youth themselves play an important role in preventing these tragedies for example by being role models talking with their peers and advocating for improved road safety wherever they are at michelin founding member of yours ­ youth for road safety we encourage young people around the world to use this action kit and get involved to stop further loss and suffering on the roads patrick lepercq corporate vice-president of public affairs michelin

[close]

p. 3

introduction yours youth for road safety yours ­ youth for road safety is a unique global youth-led organisation that acts to make the world s roads safe for young people yours has three focus areas advocating for youth and road safety issues inspiring young people and enabling them to network and share information and developing young people s capacities their understanding and skills yours has a growing global youth network for road safety striving to include youth representatives in all countries in the world working together to beat the global road safety crisis yours is also an official member of the united nations road safety collaboration to find out more visit www.youthforroadsafety.org how it all started the first ever world youth assembly for road safety was held during the first united nations global road safety week in 2007 providing a unique opportunity for youth from around the world to collaborate on global road safety issues together more than 200 young delegates from over 100 countries discussed ways in which national success stories can be disseminated and explored different methods of implementing the youth declaration for road safety at the assembly these young delegates were inspired empowered and encouraged to serve as ambassadors at home and abroad by advocating road safety in their country region and the global community at large the idea of a global youth-led non-governmental organisation ngo for road safety was born during this assembly with the support of the world health organization and a generous grant from michelin yours ­ youth for road safety was launched in late 2009 during the first global ministerial conference on road safety and fully endorsed by world leaders © m.kokic/who find out more about the world youth assembly for road safety and check the youth declaration for road safety on yours website www.youthforroadsafety.org/resources youth and road safety action kit 01

[close]

p. 4

introduction welcome welcome yours youth for road safety and the international union for health promotion and education iuhpe are glad to present the youth and road safety action kit as organisations dedicated to making roads safe for young people improving the health of people and communities and contributing to a fairer world we strongly support youth involvement in road safety as such yours and iuhpe are involved in a number of programmes aimed at reducing road traffic injuries and improving infrastructures environments and behaviors to make road travel safer for all the centers for disease control and prevention cdc has lent its technical assistance and evidence-based strategies to our efforts through the national center for injury prevention and control and recently declared motor vehicle injury prevention as a winnable battle we take an approach that engages multiple sectors and promotes `win-win outcomes for example safer roads not only lead to fewer road traffic crashes injuries and deaths but also to increased levels of physical activity from walking and biking decreased air pollution and a cleaner environment to improve road safety all actors of society need to contribute to making programmes practical sustainable and adapted to local needs and cultural and social contexts this is why we see the role of yours as crucial in the current global context and the production of this kit very timely given the recent launch of the un decade of action for road safety 2011-2020 we are pleased to present this resource to introduce young individuals and organisations to road safety and to motivate them to become actively involved if you want to contribute this kit is perfect to get you started read it practice it disseminate it and share your experiences with us floor lieshout director yours ­ youth for road safety marie-claude lamarre executive director international union for health promotion and education 02 youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 5

contents the road map 08 10 12 11 13 24 25 26 36 38 40 42 part 1 the global road safety crisis 08 10 12 13 part 2 time for action 24 25 26 part 3 briefings to keep going 36 38 40 42 44 45 scope of the problem youth and road traffic injuries how crashes happen key risk factors where to start beyond getting started planning and implementing road safety projects briefing on partnership building briefing on community participation briefing on networking briefing on fundraising glossary of terms references youth and road safety action kit 03

[close]

p. 6

introduction all about this kit why an action kit road traffic injuries can be prevented there is no doubt countries like australia denmark japan the netherlands norway sweden switzerland and the united kingdom have made tremendous progress in making their roads safer in vietnam deaths from road traffic crashes dropped by 12.2 and injuries by 24.3 in just one year in 20081 in são josé dos campos a city in brazil road traffic fatalities decreased significantly between 2007 and 2008 the number of people admitted to hospital as a result of a crash went down the survival rate of these people went up and the length of time they stayed in hospital decreased2 this did not happen by magic effective measures to make roads safer exist they include establishing and enforcing laws requiring the use of seatbelts helmets and child car seats mandating speed and drinking and driving limits enhancing the safety features of roads and vehicles and improving post-crash care for victims of road crashes however the world is still struggling with increasing road deaths and injuries we still lose nearly 1.3 million people from road crashes every year and millions more are left injured these are not merely statistics behind each number is a person a family a friend and a story of how life can change in an instant deanna blanchard was killed by a speeding bus in egypt as she was trying to cross the nile corniche a very busy road in maadi deanna loved sports reading and playing piano she wanted to be a pediatric dentist mansoor chaudhry owned a music recording studio in the united kingdom he was 26 when a van driver crossed the red light and crashed into his motorcycle mansoor sustained terrible injuries and was transported by air ambulance to the nearest hospital where he was declared dead two hours later grace mbuli kithiki was traveling in a cargo in the back of a lorry in kenya when the vehicle overturned and rolled over more than three times she knew it was not a safe way to travel but it was the only way available where she was grace is now in a wheelchair with severe back pain and discomfort she tries to stay cheerful but it is difficult for her to remember what her life used to be before the crash grace was once able to walk and now she can t3 `over 30 of road crash victims are children and young people under 25 years these tragedies take a heavy toll on young people road crashes remain the biggest killer of young people between 15-29 years around the world more than 1,000 young people lose their lives on the world s roads every day all of them are future mothers fathers physicians workers teachers and artists and if each one of them had only two dreams then we are losing more than 2000 dreams daily the good news is that the world is no longer turning a blind eye to this crisis more than 100 governments around the world signed a un general assembly resolution that dedicates 10 years 2011-2020 to road safety at the same time more and more young people around the world are recognising the magnitude of the problem in response many of us have become active raising awareness of those around us and encouraging our leaders to take decisive action to prevent road traffic injuries this youth and road safety action kit is intended to support this movement introducing young individuals and organisations to road safety particularly youth issues and providing the knowledge we need to implement road safety projects the kit is one of yours contributions to the decade of action it is yours first publication and will be the key document used in our capacity development activities yours will also disseminate the kit through the global youth network support its translation into as many languages as possible and encourage its use and adaptation by young people around the world it is time for us to speak up and have our voices heard we have a right to be part of the solution not just victims of this crisis we also have a responsibility to act to prevent further suffering it doesn t matter who you are or where you are from your life is precious we have to do our part in protecting ourselves and those around us `more than 100 countries around the world signed a un resolution that dedicates 10 years 2011-2020 for road safety 04 youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 7

introduction all about this kit decade of action for road safety 2011-2020 in 2010 during the 65th united nations general assembly governments around the world took the historic decision to increase action to address the road safety crisis over the next ten years they adopted a resolution announcing the decade of action for road safety 2011-2020 through the decade countries around the world have committed to a range of activities to make roads safer these include developing and enforcing laws to limit speed reduce drink-driving and increase the use of seatbelts child restraints and motorcycle helmets actions will also be taken to improve emergency trauma care upgrade road and vehicle safety standards and promote road safety education in order to prepare for the decade a global plan has been developed to provide an overall framework for activities to find out more visit www.who.int/roadsafety/decade_of_action and www.decadeofaction.org how to use this kit the youth and road safety action kit is for youth around the world regardless of their location background or experience it is also a handy resource for young individuals and organisations already active in road safety the kit consists of three parts the first part provides information on the global road safety crisis with a particular focus on young people the second is a guide on how you can get on board it gives you ideas for what you can do and provides basic information you need to implement your own road safety projects the third part consists of a set of briefings on key actions and processes that can make your project a success building partnerships community participation networking and fundraising throughout the kit you will also find exciting examples of projects other young people have carried out to give you inspiration the kit is intended as a simple guide for increasing youth involvement in road safety therefore it does not cover topics in detail but provides summary information and directs you to where you can find out more throughout the text you will find key terms highlighted with definitions given in the glossary on pg 44 for more information about road safety and to help you in implementing your road safety project check out all the references used for this kit and additional material in the resources section on yours website www.youthforroadsafety.org/resources we hope you enjoy reading this kit and find it useful your feedback is very important to us please share your thoughts questions and ideas you can reach us through our website www.youthforroadsafety.org or by searching `youth for road safety on facebook and twitter youth and road safety action kit 05

[close]

p. 8

part 1 the global road safety crisis 06 youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 9

youth and road safety action kit 07

[close]

p. 10

part 1 scope of the problem scope of the problem at a time when the world is facing many problems such as hunger poverty natural disasters and wars why focus on road safety aren t there more important things to work towards this section explains briefly how road traffic injuries threaten public health sustainable development and social equity and why this global crisis deserves attention now road traffic injuries as a growing public health concern around the world road traffic injuries cause 1.3 million deaths and 20-50 million injuries each year some of these injuries lead to life long disability including brain and spinal cord injury4 road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among young people aged 15­29 unless serious action is taken road traffic deaths are expected to increase by 67 by 2020 and become the fifth leading cause of death by 2030 if this happens road traffic crashes will cause an estimated 1.9 million fatalities each year by 2020 and 2.4 million fatalities each year by 2030 5,6 road traffic injuries as a threat to sustainable development public health the science and art of promoting health preventing disease and prolonging life sustainable development a process of change that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs social equity a state where people living in a community have fair access to education employment healthcare and other resources and poor people are not at greater risk from threats such as diseases because of their lower income most countries invest in building and improving their road infrastructure systems transportation improves quality of life by giving people access to important things such as employment education and health services however safety measures must go hand in hand with road infrastructure development or transportation can come at a high price more than 90 of road traffic deaths occur in low and middle-income counties lmics the numbers of fatalities in these countries are projected to rise more than anywhere else in the world in the future4 road traffic crashes not only have a high cost in terms of lives but also financially the global monetary cost of road traffic injuries is more than us$500 billion each year or 1-3 of each country s gross national product gnp this reflects costs of medical treatment rehabilitation loss of productivity fewer days at work legal costs and much more road traffic crashes cost lmics amounts that exceed the total funds they receive in official development assistance4 more than half of all road traffic deaths occur among individuals between 15 and 44 years of age and 73 of those who lose their lives are male3 this means that victims are in the prime of life and often breadwinners for their families their loss can push their families further into poverty on a national level this will lead to major losses in productivity and workforce which can seriously challenge the economic sustainability of a country road traffic injuries as a social equity issue in addition to all the other problems they face people living in poor economic settings are at higher risk of road traffic injuries for many reasons including worse roads less awareness and education and less access to quality health services by 2020 fatalities are predicted to increase by 80 in lmics and decrease by 30 in high-income countries hics almost 50 of crash victims are more vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists4 road traffic injuries have higher impact on the poor even in hics5 for example in the united kingdom and sweden poorer people are more likely to be involved in a crash than their more affluent counterparts 08 youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 11

part 1 scope of the problem road traffic injuries cause 1.3 million deaths each year road traffic deaths are expected to increase by 67 by 2020 unless serious action is taken road traffic crashes cause 20-50 million injuries each year more than 90 of road traffic deaths occur in low and middleincome countries road traffic injuries account for more than us$500 billion each year youth and road safety action kit road traffic crashes are the leading cause of death among young people aged 15­29 almost 50 of crash victims are more vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists 09

[close]

p. 12

part 1 youth and road traffic injuries youth and road traffic injuries young people under the age of 25 years are the main victims of road traffic crashes worldwide more young people aged between 15-29 die from road crashes than from hiv/aids malaria tuberculosis or homicide this means that road safety is a serious threat to youth no matter where they are this section gives more information about the problem and explains why young people are particularly at risk spotlight stories project road safety through the national youth parliament nyp where the gambia big idea use the national youth parliament forum to raise awareness about road safety and mobilise young people to take action how they did it the nyp partnered with the gambian red cross society to address road safety together they reached thousands of youth through capacity building activities community outreach and media campaigns they also engaged with the government and worked collectively with other stakeholders to influence government policy as a result gambia s motor traffic act 2008 which mandates the use of seatbelts in vehicles and prohibits mobile phone use while driving was created key message formal structures such as parliaments or pressure groups can be powerful channels to spread the road safety message and bring government attention to the issue more information youthgambia@yahoo.com 10 youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 13

part 1 youth and road traffic injuries what do we know road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among 15-29 year olds causing more deaths than hiv/aids and tuberculosis over 30 of those killed and injured in road traffic crashes are less than 25 years old among drivers young males under the age of 25 years are almost three times as likely to be killed as females of this age7 most young people killed by road traffic injuries live in lmics and are vulnerable road users ­ pedestrians cyclists motorcyclists and users of public transport the socioeconomic condition of a family affects the likelihood of a child or young adult being killed or injured in a road traffic crash those from economically poor backgrounds in both richer and poorer countries are at greatest risk7 why are young people at increased risk three main factors come together to put youth at more risk of road traffic crashes worldwide age inexperience and gender this is in addition to factors that put all age groups at greater risk including lack of laws for road safety insufficient law enforcement and worn out roads and vehicles environmental context for example roads that do not cater to the needs of all road users such as pedestrians and children pedestrians and cyclists sharing the road with motorized traffic insufficient enforcement of safety laws inexperience new drivers need to think about their driving actions which can cause mental overload and distraction they are less able to perceive hazards control the vehicle or make decisions age young people are less able to assess risk test their boundaries overestimate their abilities have high levels of sensation seeking behaviour are influenced by their peers gender males are more inclined to risk-taking and sensation seeking behaviour they are more likely to overestimate their abilities find out more youth and road safety geneva world health organization 2007 available in the resources section on yours website youth and road safety action kit 11

[close]

p. 14

part 1 how crashes happen how crashes happen the road traffic system consists of three parts the road and wider environment the vehicle and the individual road user the characteristics of these components and the interaction between them affect road traffic crashes and the resulting injuries for example a person who is driving on a road that is unlit in a car that has bad brakes or without wearing a seatbelt is more likely to be seriously injured than someone who is driving on a well-lit road in a car that is in good condition and is buckled up human errors are responsible for most traffic crashes and human errors cannot be completely eliminated humans will make mistakes the other parts of the road traffic system the vehicle and the road and environment need to be designed and managed in a way that minimises the risk of injury and death if a crash occurs for example crashes that happen on a road where appropriate speed limits are set and enforced are less likely to result in serious injuries it also helps to look at road traffic injuries using a timeframe lens before pre-crash during and after a crash post-crash for example in the before-the-crash phase we might think about a person who has fastened a seatbelt or worn a helmet a vehicle that is in good condition and roads that follow safety standards in the during-the-crash phase the crash-protective design of the vehicle might prevent serious injuries or death after the crash the availability of quality emergency medical services might save a person s life if we combine the timeline with the parts of the road traffic system we get the haddon matrix below the matrix is a basic way to understand the factors that contribute to the number and outcome of road traffic crashes and we can use it to think about how fatalities and injuries can be reduced for example in addition to telling a child not to run across the road on the way to school addressing human behaviour in the pre-crash phase we can work to slow traffic down so much around schools addressing road environment in the pre-crash phase so if a child does get hit the injuries will be less serious8 factors phase pre-crash crash prevention human information attitudes impairment police enforcement vehicles and equipment roadworthiness lighting braking handling speed management occupant restraints other safety devices crash-protective design environment road design and road layout speed limits pedestrian facilities crash injury prevention during the crash life sustaining use of restraints impairment crash-protective roadside objects post-crash first-aid skill access to medics ease of access fire risk rescue facilities congestion haddon matrix spotlight stories project canadian road safety youth committee crsyc where canada big idea represent the young people of canada in national road safety initiatives and organisations how they did it after the world youth assembly for road safety in 2007 the canadian delegates were energised more than ever they formed the crsyc and created its strategic plan a plan to engage governmental agencies and ngos with young people the group successfully gained representation on the canadian association of road safety professionals the canadian global road safety committee and the planning committee for the canadian multidisciplinary road safety conference they provide input contribute to the work of these groups and have already influenced road safety policies and programmes key message young people can be involved in making change at all levels building strong partnerships with key organisations remaining focused on your goal and maintaining good communication with stakeholders are essential more information chair@youthroadsafety.ca www.youthroadsafety.ca 12 youth and road safety action kit

[close]

p. 15

part 1 key risk factors there are several risk factors that contribute to road traffic injuries among youth in the following pages we take a look at each of the following factors to understand more about the problem key risk factors non-use of seatbelts speeding drinking alcohol and using drugs non-use of helmets distracted driving fatigue not being visible enough on the roads tip in your country or even your specific area one risk factor or another can be the main contributor to road traffic injuries among youth find out which risk factors are more prevalent in your area and what is being done about them youth and road safety action kit 13

[close]

Comments

no comments yet