ET Journal Spring 2013 Issue

 

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ET Journal Spring 2013 Issue

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spring issue 2013 et the earcos journal a link to educational excellence in east asia concordia international school shanghai was the host school for a very successful etc 2013 see article and photos inside also featured in this issue 10 curriculum articles 5 service learning articles

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the earcos journal the et journal is a triannual publication of the east asia regional council of schoolsearcos a nonprofit 501c3 incorporated in the state of delaware usa with a regional office in manila philippines membership in earcos is open to elementary and secondary schools in east asia which offer an educational program using english as the primary language of instruction and to other organizations institutions and individuals objectives and purposes to promote intercultural understanding and international friendship through the activities of member schools to broaden the dimensions of education of all schools involved in the council in the interest of a total program of education to advance the professional growth and welfare of individuals belonging to the educational staff of member schools to facilitate communication and cooperative action between and among all associated schools to cooperate with other organizations and individuals pursuing the same objectives as the council earcos board of trustees tim carr president jakarta international school thomas farrell vice president kaohsiung american school deidre fischer secretary cebu international school david toze treasurer international school manila joe beeson yongsan international school of seoul david condon canadian academy anne fowles suzhou singapore international school tarek razik the international school of beijing julian whiteley united world college of south east asia office of overseas schools reo earcos staff executive director assistant director vitz baltero ver castro robert sonny viray editor bill oldread associate editor edzel drilo richard krajczar bill oldread elaine repatacodo edzel drilo rod catubig jr connie buford ex officio letter from the executive director dear colleagues the end of the school year is near and 2012-2013 has flown by we hope it will end as smoothly as it started the spring heads institute in ho chi minh city,vietnam will have 51 school leaders in attendance our largest turnout ever for this retreat we strive to increase attendance at this event each year and hope that next year will be even better the 2013 earcos teachers conference etc had 1100 registered delegates concordia international school shanghai proved to be a great venue for this year s specialized event fortunately the shanghai weather did cooperate we greatly appreciate ciss gregg pinick and his staff for their outstanding hospitality during the conference we worked with curt larson and deputy head steve nurre who were so gracious and supportive our keynoters liv arnesen michael furdyk and zoe weil were well received jean blaydes was our physical education keynote presenter and was a huge success with 165 pe teachers at the conference the conference offered 191 breakout sessions of which 127 were teacher-presented workshops and 8 pre conferences proving to be an outstanding pd opportunity please see the conference write-up in this issue our earcos staff of bill elaine,vitz,ver robert and edzel should be thanked for their tremendous efforts in organizing thousands of details we hope you all have a great break this summer northern hemisphere and have time for family friends travel and reflection our board and staff continue to work to make earcos a caring supportive and dynamic community of international schools please check out our website http www.earcos.org to see all our sponsored events and read about my travels throughout the earcos region please visit e-connect the earcos blog initiated by our own bill oldread dick krajczar executive director check out our updated website at www.earcos.org and read our e-connect blog at earcos-connect.tumblr.com east asia regional council of schools brentville subdivision barangay mamplasan biñan laguna 4024 philippines phone 63-02-697-9170 fax 63-49-511-4694 website www.earcos.org l-r robert viray dick krajczar edzel drilo rod catubig bill oldread ver castro vitz baltero and elaine repatacodo

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in this issue 4 5 8 9 10 etc2013 moving minds moving bodies etc the bigger picture etc2013 charity raffle auction senia 11 41 book review wounded by school kirsten olson faces of earcos welcome new earcos heads welcome new earcos schools margaret sanders scholarship winner obituary christina mayers senia student award 2013 board of trustees leaving 42 student art gallery featured 10 middle school art pieces 44 on the road with dr k inside back cover approved weekend workshop for sy 2013-2014 12 edthought teacher feedback on learning the breakfast of champions and losers the earcos action research grant in an ongoing effort to implement the earcos strategic plan specifically strategy e to conduct communicate and archive relevant data and research to identify and enhance exceptional educational practices grants will be made available to encourage our teachers administrators and professional staff to conduct action research to improve educational practices for the purpose of enhancing student learning action research is a reflective process conducted in the school setting to solve a real problem or to improve and enhance the instructional process.this research may be undertaken by an individual or by several people collaboratively it is our belief that the results of such research will impact not only the researchers practices but also those of others with whom they share their findings.to that end grantees will be expected to publish their findings which will be made available to all earcos mem bers on the website some researchers may elect to present their work at a subsequent etc elc or publish it in the earcos journal please visit the earcos website for more information www.earcos.org 14 curriculum trial balance unit ms mosaic masterpieces artists in action club icjc launches community outreach project adding `e to stem engineering at tas lower school art students journey through history robust vocabulary instruction in a readers workshop connected spaces support learning y9 art humanities and math interdisciplinary units kindergarten students leverage technology to write collaborative story wab broadcast crew goes mobile broadcasting to 40 countries 26 campus development new domes and fitness facility build community at isb 28 green sustainable building the pyramids brent int l school baguio project runaway the trashion show cycle 3 `recycling the aesthetic way concordia int l school shanghai continues their commitment to green and sustainable progress through hands-on learning with gardening contribute to the et journal if you have something going on at your school in any of the following categories that you would like to see highlighted in the summer issue please send it along to us faces of earcos promotions retirements honors etc service learning campus development new building plans under construction just completed projects curriculum new and exciting curriculum adoptions green and sustainable related to campus development or to curriculum efforts student art we showcase outstanding student art in each edition press releases thank you for your help in allowing us to highlight the great things that are going on in earcos schools 32 service learning a holistic outdoor education and adventure program a filipino scholar pays it forward learning to serve serving to learn a model of service learning at sas help portrait brings smiles to yangon community the walkasockathon at yongsan international school of seoul 40 press release mun building tomorrow s leaders aisg host inaugural southeast asia honor choir and orchestra festival cebu international school train danish university students on international school teaching spring 2013 spring 2013 issue 1

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44th annual earcos leadership conference elc2013 the east asia regional council of schools is excited to invite you and your administrative staff as delegates at the 44th annual earcos leadership conference elc2013 in bangkok thailand scheduled for november 1-3 2013 we have a host of excellent keynote speakers and workshop presenters keynote speakers gordon dryden kirsten olson rick wormeli his specialty is how to combine creative digital technologies as the catalyst to reinvent education we do this work because we think it can change the world one of the first nationally board certified teachers in america preconferences jennifer abrams george couros andy davies w sandra hahn dr bern nicholls annelies hoogland elsa donohue bill/ochan powell ann straub james stronge jeff utecht business mgrs school board john littleford ltp wed marc frankel wasc ib precon 2 days special presenters jennifer abrams george couros cheryl doig elsa donohue gordon dryden marc frankel elizabeth hubbell chris jansen cathryn b kaye john littleford john mergendoller patrick murphy kirsten olson bill ochan powell martin skelton james stronge ann straub jeff utecht rick wormeli workshop presenters jennifer sparrow chip barder elsa lamb megan scherer 2 earcos triannual journal contact ms.vitz baltero elc coordinator vitzb@earcos.org visit http www.earcos.org/elc2013/

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the 12th earcos teachers conference 2014 march 27-29 2014 shangri-la bangkok thailand strands stem science technology engineering robotics and math social studies humanities middle school counseling service learning general education spring 2013 issue 3

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earcos teachers conference 2013 moving minds moving bodies concordia international school provided a fantastic venue to host the 11th annual earcos teachers conference with the theme of the conference moving minds moving bodies being in a school setting gave delegates an opportunity to do both earcos teachers conference 2013 theme moving minds moving bodies this year s conference offered strands in pe chinese language visual and performing arts technology and counseling and with over 190 workshops delegates had wonderful opportunities to attend relevant workshops in all the strands before the conference started delegates had an opportunity to attend one of nine preconference workshops including three ap offerings.the pe strand held their preconference at sas pudong utilizing the campus fantastic pe facilities.the preconference kicked off with jean blaydes keynote how brain research supports the need for quality physical education jean s interactive presentation summarized recent brain research that links movement to learning with over 27 years of teaching experience jean believes educators who understand how the brain works can better teach students on thursday morning the conference got moving with the rockin rhythm revelers a group of es students from concordia international school shanghai led by margaret thong it served as a wonderful prelude to an inspiring talk by liv arnesen polar explorer educator and motivational leader her keynote to the south pole with millions of kids on a sled showed to all the delegates the importance of igniting passion in our students to help them reach beyond their normal boundaries and achieve their dreams liv s next expedition will include six women from six continents and hopes to be a centerpiece for global awareness and an outreach program for youth on thursday evening the concordia international school staff transformed the phoenix commons the school s cafeteria into a delightful backdrop for the welcome reception sponsored by tiecare the shanghai american school middle school band led by louise davey got the reception moving with some upbeat music ending with a rendition of gangnam style friday started off with a wonderful presentation about the baobei foundation by shanghai american school 6th grader kennedy eggen who enlightened all the delegates with her family s story of fostering a baobei child.the theme of youth continued with michael furdyk talking about how to move the global minds of our students with his keynote titled imagining future friendly schools technology global citizenship and student voice michael told his story of his decade long journey with takingitglobal an online network engaging millions of youth in taking action on the world s greatest challenges michael s latest project future friendly schools facilitates collaboration among educators in order to engage their students in challenge-based learning to prepare them for a complex rapidly-changing world delegates in the visual arts strand hopped on buses after the keynote for an art expedition to a variety of museums and markets in shanghai with four museums and ten markets on the expedition list delegates had a variety of options for exploring the shanghai art world for the rest of the delegates after four workshop sessions many took advantage of a free evening to explore many of the amazing sites shanghai has to offer saturday got moving with the shanghai community international school s community and marching band led by mindy ruskovich then zoe weil gave a passionate keynote titled the world becomes what you teach zoe believes teachers have a responsibility to inspire kids to be solutionaries for a better world by building capacity and responsibility in students to address the relevant issues our world is facing she walked delegates through ways that schools can embed humane education throughout the curriculum the conference ended saturday afternoon with a closing reception again in a transformed phoenix commons with colleagues and friends both new and old the delegates spoke with energy and animation about moving ahead with the many new ideas encountered at the conference by ross tague etc advisory council and teacher rep international school bangkok rosst@isb.ac.th 4 earcos triannual journal

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the bigger picture earcos teachers conference 2013 theme moving minds moving bodies liv arnesen keynote speaker zoe weil keynote speaker michael furdyk keynote speaker etc2013 delegates at the ciss hs gym p.e teachers with jon wrzesinski first row middle carolyn temertzoglou p.e preconference ted temertzoglou p.e preconference l-r andy torris dept head of sas and jon wrzesinski sas pudong hosted the pe preconference l-r live arnesen with dick krajczar earcos executive director l-r dick krajczar and bill oldread doing their routine checking delegates ciss hs gym dick krajczar with kennedy eggen grade 6 at sas concordia international school shanghai ver castro checking the exhibitors area spring 2013 issue 5

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the bigger picture earcos teachers conference 2013 theme moving minds moving bodies theresa chao and chuman gissing workshop urko masse workshop nathan smith abigail chen workshop david gran breen o reilly workshop theresa goetz workshop theresa goetz workshop p e workshop julie hartley workshop kendra farrell s light painting workshop louis bergonzi workshop salome tam workshop jon jacobson workshop workshop session 6 earcos triannual journal workshop session elmer reyes k-6 pe/athletics coordinator at beijing biss

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the bigger picture earcos teachers conference 2013 theme moving minds moving bodies workshop session workshop session workshop session workshop session workshop session workshop session robert joaquin workshop workshop session parker beverage workshop peter boonshaft workshop huali xiong workshop flash mob performance by john jacobson and etc delegates steve northcott workshop l-r bill oldread earcos asst dir jean blaydes and dick krajczar earcos exec director teacher advisory committee spring 2013 issue 7

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etc 2013 charity raffle auction dr k earcos exec dir tina bui shanghai american school-pudong noelle armstrongbaobei erin mccallshanghai american school clint hamadaunishanoi amanda woodsingapore american school etc 2013 charity raffle auction on the second floor of the phoenix center at concordia international school in shanghai one crisp morning a handful of teacher volunteers counted down the seconds shouting over the throngs of people scrambling and flooding the auction table the crowd moved with fervor pens gripped tightly in their eager hands as they scanned favored items hoping they still held the highest bid one woman holding an infant in one arm attempted to scribble her name down with the other after grabbing the closest writing utensil she could find as the seconds neared the end wait she yelled i really want this set as they checked their smartphones all synced to sound the alarm at 10 a.m sharp the etc teacher reps yelled in unison stop the auction is now over this signaled the end to three days of intense fundraising for this year s earcos teachers conference held at concordia the dramatic and intense ending reflected an even more dramatic outcome together raffle sales auction items and a donation from earcos raised $10,000 usd for baobei foundation a shanghai-based organization that works with orphans born with life-threatening birth defects such as spina bifida and hydrocephalus speaking the morning before in the high school gymnasium kennedy eggen a grade 6 student at shanghai american school pudong and baobei advocate informed her audience of etc attendees that baobei doesn t just help arrange for and provide the surgeries for these orphans they find healing homes for them as well in a healing home a baobei child is able to recover from his her surgery and experience stability the child stays with the healing home family until adopted by his her forever family oftentimes this could last months even beyond a year for kennedy it has been a year and a half her family welcomed baby gabriel when he was six weeks old born with spina bifida recently she and her family learned that gabriel would soon be adopted by a family in the united states which leaves each in their home feeling bittersweet this made her plea to contribute to baobei foundation even more poignant the petite and soft-spoken sixth grader reaching no more than 150 cm tall spoke with conviction and grace about how rewarding it was to have a healing home brother he makes me laugh he taught me responsibility and he taught me that being part of a family doesn t mean he has to be born from that family she said eying the audience as she spoke it seemed fitting to have baobei as the etc `13 charity given this year s 8 earcos triannual journal conference was held at concordia international school shanghai teachers parents and students at this international school are avid supporters of the foundation with many teachers and parents acting as healing homes for a number of baobei babies in addition one of the founders of the foundation was a concordia parent likewise the shanghai american school community also opens its hearts and homes to baobei spina bifida is a birth defect of the brain spinal cord and or meninges often attributed to the lack of folic acid in the mother s diet when pregnant according to the national institutes of health women can significantly reduce the chances of their child being born with spina bifida by taking folic acid while the baby is in utero in addition hydrocephalus a condition where there is excessive fluid in the brain is linked to spina bifida when these babies arrive in shanghai those at baobei immediately work to find doctors and hospitals who can operate and provide the right care for the orphans before the conference earcos decided to donate a total of $3,000 to baobei $1,500 in lieu of producing etc `13 conference bags and an additional $1,500 on behalf of sas for hosting the pe pre-conference on its pudong campus for more information about baobei foundation please visit www.baobeifoundation.org by tina bui earcos teacher representative shanghai american school pudong campus

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senia s 11th annual international conference hosted by jakarta international school founder of architects for learning in boston shared her writing program empowertm and brain frames® graphic scaffolds for language greg o connor the professional and consultancy services manager at spectronics inclusive learning technologies in queensland australia provided inclusive and instructional technologies to support the learning of all students to address the other end of the diverse learners continuum tina van erp an educator and instructional strategy leader with a focus on gifted and talented programming support from minneapolis presented the following workshops challenging talented readers affective needs with a motivation focus and anxiety anger and appropriate challenge further workshops were provided by regional expert educators matt barker learning development teacher at discovery college hong kong kerri cowley and sheilah curtis grade 4 esol and learning support teachers at western academy of beijing melanie shafaat and karli koning es learning support specialists at ruamrudee international school david lauchmen sen teacher at international school of ulaanbaatar kristel solomon-saleem director of learner support at hong kong academy michael torrijos physical therapist consultant at brent international school and tanya dickson consultant speaker and author at inclusive learning in australia a unique and highly successful aspect to the conference was a panel discussion on saturday made up of the seven professional consultants it provided participants with a chance to ask additional questions clarify information from workshops and get various perspectives on the same topic or issue the feedback from the participants was overwhelmingly positive indicating that they valued the networking opportunities and gained knowledge resources and ideas to use right away here is what two people commented i learned so much i came back and applied what i learned the very next day and i felt truly inspired listening to great speakers and meeting people who share the same passion with me it was the perfect opportunity to learn from different countries perspectives cultures and best practices the senia board continues to do exciting work in the region keep up to date by visiting the website www.senia.asia you can easily become a member by registering there it is free and open to all professionals providing support to students with unique learning profiles whether in school-based programs private programs or general classrooms help achieve the senia mission working together we will provide a network to combine our strengths to help raise awareness and advocate for the children in our lives next year the 12th annual senia conference will be hosted by united world college in singapore on friday february 28 and saturday march 1 2014 with pre-conference sessions on thursday february 27 2014 mark your calendars senia 11 from l to r 5 of the 7 senia board members tanya farrol western academy of beijing salito malca parent manila lori boll concordia international school kim choi parent shanghai ericson perez brent international school manila not in the picture monte rosen essential learning group and reed rhodes beijing city international school tim carr head of jakarta international school jis warmly welcomed the participants of the 11th annual senia conference as well as earcos s own dr dick krajczar on february 22nd 2013 he spoke passionately about jis s destiny plan of building a more inclusive learning community and about the changing view of how educators work to address the learning styles and needs of all learners through differentiation senia special education network in asia began in 2002 with a small group of learning support teachers in china networking and providing professional development for each other now eleven years later over two hundred support professionals from across the asia region including classroom teachers of all subjects and grade levels gathered together with an increasing number of schools addressing the needs of students the conference provided information on a range of topics for a variety of supporting roles in various settings most importantly the general classroom the conference opened with its first of three keynote addresses with an enthusiastic message of everyone does everything all of the time from dr kevin feldman a literacy consultant from sonoma county california during her keynote address dr rosebeth `roby marcou a developmental and behavioral pediatrician in private practice in singapore described executive functioning skills which all students need and provided classroom interventions to support the development of these skills that are challenging for students chithra kathiresan a speech language pathologist at kaleidoscope therapy center in singapore who was trained and mentored at michelle garcia winner s clinic drew from her background with social thinkingtm during saturday s keynote address during breakout sessions kristen pelletier head of learning support at the international school of brussels provided participants with the tools to create inclusive schools through the co-teaching model bonnie singer ph.d bonnie singer kristen pelletier greg o connor spring 2013 issue 9

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faces of earcos welcome new earcos heads eric hamilton headmaster the ishcmc-aavn board of management and cognita are pleased to announce the appointment of mr eric hamilton as headmaster of the international school ho chi minh city american academy ishcmc aavn mr hamilton s appointment follows a rigorous and comprehensive recruitment process including an extensive global search chosen for his considerable experience passion for education and a proven track record of improving academic success mr hamilton will continue to build on ishcmc aavn s strong academic reputation he will commence in his new position on march 1st and will be a great addition to the cognita team in vietnam mr hamilton joins us from the jack swigert aerospace academy a high-performance middle school applying a personalized learning model in conjunction with project-based learning mr hamilton has over 20 years experience teaching in the usa at elementary and middle schools tim cripe director hillcrest international school jennie garcia acting superintendent for 2012-2013 grace international school oscar nilsson head of school bali international school james jim souza superintendent chiang mai international school welcome new earcos schools utaloy international school guangzhou elaine whelen head of school hsinchu international school mr william butcher head of school the margaret sanders scholarship winner raya buensuceso is an outstanding senior student at brent international school manila where she has attended since she was in nursery school she has been a leader in student government throughout her high-school life serving as the president of her class for each of the last three years she has been a driving force in the school s national honor society leadership team which has led various service projects in the local community including a library project in the gawad kalinga calamba community that won one of 10 outstanding service awards among more than 23,000 nhs chapters worldwide raya is also a three-sport captain who independently created a charity fundraising basketball shoot-a-thon initiative at brent that sponsored one year s worth of college tuition for three students from the impoverished smokey mountain garbage dump community as a strong christian she is the head warden acolyte of the acolytes guild and a sunday school teacher at her local church raya is also chariman of the green earth ambassadors club at brent in university she plans to major in economics with long-term aspirations of starting an ngo to address the issue of educational access in economically challenged communities in the philippines the ernest mannino international superintendent of the year aaie 2013 award ellen deitsch stern is currently the interim head of school at saigon south international school in vietnam and also the recipient of the 2013 ernest mannino international superintendent of the year a ward ellen is an experienced international school head she served as director of the anglo american school in moscow for 8 years and has held interim headships at the american school of the hague ecole mondiale in mumbai the american international school in vienna colegio maya in guatemala the international school of krakow and cairo american college ms stern is a graduate of harvard/radcliffe and has an ma degree from teachers college of columbia university obituary christina mayers april 1953 february 2013 the community of concordia international school shanghai said good-bye to our director of libraries christina mayers just before the chinese new year s break she passed away in west palm beach florida on february 2 2013 surrounded by her loving family she held master s degrees in library science and in communications as well as a b.a in journalism ms mayers moved to shanghai in 2008 to join concordia international school shanghai she touched our community in such a powerful way her passion for books learning questioning and growing made us better her memorial service was held on wednesday february 6 2013 in concordia international school shanghai s rittmann center it was a beautiful service in which a community who loved christina gathered to celebrate her life to honor christina mayer s lifelong dedication to education and her love for children the concordia community will donate a library in her name through the concordia welfare and education foundation this project will provide new books equipment and teaching aids to the 228 students at fatu elementary school located in zhanyi county china s yunnan province 10 earcos triannual journal

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senia student award 2013 samantha johnson a grade 8 student from the international school manila is the proud recipient of the special education network in asia senia student award she received this award at the 11th senia conference hosted at jakarta international school jis from february 22 ­ 23 2013 samantha received this award for her outstanding work in promoting awareness and advocating not only for her learning needs but the needs of other children who learn differently she developed an outstanding video documenting her journey with learning difficulties including her successes and challenges at the next frontier conference she spoke out to 70 international school leaders and teachers about her learning journey and how she advocates for herself she talked about the need for students to be brave in advocating for their needs and for teachers to listen to their students her teachers describe her as an amazing grade 8 student who uses her disability to make her stronger samantha does not show any signs of slowing down as she is currently an elected member of the student council at ism as well as being chosen to represent her school at the global issues network gin conference after some strenuous competition faces of earcos 2 trustees leaving the earcos family deidrei fischer cebu international school deidre fischer has been part of the earcos region for the past 15 years and will be leaving her post as the superintendent of cebu international school at the end of this school year she is looking forward to her `gap year in adelaide south australia consisting of further study prior to her work in cebu deidre was the director of the international school of ulaanbaatar where her proudest achievement was building a purpose built school other administrative posts at earcos member schools were held at beijing biss international school china and brent school baguio philippines she has contributed to earcos in the past few years as a member of the earcos board and more recently held the secretary position she bids farewell to her many friends in the region and looks forward to reconnecting again in the future anne fowles academic director csies schools china mrs anne fowles was head of two schools in new zealand before moving overseas she has held senior administrative positions in earcos member schools in suva fiji ulaanbaatar mongolia bangkok thailand beijing and suzhou p r china anne was the founding vice-president and later president of the association of china and mongolia international schools acamis while she was the director of isu mongolia on returning to the acamis region she again served as vice-president and president previously chair of the myp committee of the ib has been a member of the ib asia pacific regional council and is chair of the steering committee for the association of chinese and mongolian ib schools acmibs anne has recently been elected as chair of the ib heads council she has served as a director on the board of the east asia regional council of overseas schools earcos since 2007 after 7 years in china anne is moving to malaysia to head up igb international school based in kuala lumpur the state of the art new facility will open in 2014 offering all 4 ib programmes high school gin conference 2013 november 8-10 2013 international school beijing middle school gin conference 2014 dare to care february 14-15 2014 jakarta international school dare to care at next year s unique middle-school-only gin conference hosted by the jakarta international school students from all over the globe are invited to participate in a variety of student-led activities and workshops attending delegates will be collaborative active participants as they find their passion and take action in order to create sustainable solutions for global issues more information and details regarding this exciting event will be provided in the near future from jis ms students earcos conference 2014 dare to care for educators february 14-15 2014 jakarta international school in conjunction with the ms student gin conference dare to care jakarta international school will host an earcos workshop titled dare to care for educators the conference will feature keynote speakers and breakout workshops designed to enable teachers and schools to continue to facilitate learning focused on global issues specifically the conference will provide hands-on opportunities for teachers to further their understanding regarding service learning project based learning independent projects service trips service clubs student led events and environmental education this will be open to teachers who accompany their students to the gin conference as well as other interested delegates spring 2013 issue 11

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edthought edthought teacher feedback on learning the breakfast of champions and losers by william powell and ochan kusuma-powell standing and how can i close the gap chappius 2005 two flavors of misunderstanding there are two very common teacher misunderstandings about feedback the first is that grades constitute useful feedback nothing could be further from the truth grades tell students nothing specific about how they have performed or what they need to do next in terms of improvement in fact more often than not grades signal to students that the piece of work is finished and can be filed away no further thought is required there is no positive correlation between grading and student learning we would argue that there is a negative correlation the second misunderstanding is that the teachers responsibility ends with providing feedback and that it is the student s responsibility to use it teachers are often much better at providing feedback than they are at ensuring that students use it giving feedback that isn t acted upon is arguably the single most wasteful use of teacher time in short the acid test of effective feedback is the response of the student everyone students and adults alike make decisions about whom they will learn from teachers develop positive relationships with colleagues and informal and formal mentoring takes place the same thing happens in the classroom we learn much more effectively and efficiently from people we trust feedback is much more likely to be well-received from someone we trust teachers need to deliberately and proactively develop climates of classroom trust feedback flourishes when we encounter misunderstandings misconceptions and errors when students understand and produce error free work feedback is generally ineffective in terms of promoting future learning teachers need to create the classroom culture in which error and misunderstandings are welcome failure is not something to hide or be ashamed of outside of education there is a clear understand that creativity and innovation are directly correlated to the degree to which we fail if we are not failing ten times more than we re succeeding it means that we re not taking enough risks murphy-hoye in sawyer 2007 p 109 keith sawyer 2007 exhorts us fail frequently fail early recognize failure early and don t throw good money time after bad and fail gloriously teacher feedback needs to focus on errors and not mistakes what s the difference mistakes are the result of a temporary lapse of attention when we are exhausted or distracted and our mind wanders from the task at hand we will often make mistakes many times we will catch mistakes ourselves or recognize them quickly when others point them out we know what we have done wrong and we know how to correct them teachers shouldn t spend a lot of time giving students feedback on mistakes what we should focus on is errors errors result from either a lack of knowledge or a misunderstanding even when an error is pointed out to a student he or she may not know what to do about it as fisher and frey 2012 write correcting mistakes while failing to address errors can be a costly waste of instructional time p.44 distinguishing between mistakes and errors requires the teacher to engage in cognitive empathy ­ projecting him or herself into the mind of the novice learner ­ literally stepping into the shoes of misunderstanding this can require rigorous critical thinking on the part of the teacher for over 75 years the american breakfast cereal manufacturer wheaties has advertised their product as the breakfast of champions ­ clearly trying to forge connections in the consumer s mind between exemplary sports performance and their product in education researchers and teachers have also been searching for the breakfast of champions and we have found one the only down side ­ and it is a very significant one ­ is that our breakfast can produce both champions and losers feedback can be a double-edged sword recent research hattie 2012 wiliam 2012 wiggins 2012 underscores how critically important teacher feedback is to student learning when hattie 2010 rank ordered the statistical influences on students learning feedback was number 10 out of 134 however researchers kluger and denisi 1996 analyzed 131 carefully constructed studies of teacher feedback and found that while feedback did on average improve student learning over forty percent of the research studies indicated that feedback actually made student performance worse thus the title of this brief article teacher feedback the breakfast of champions and losers dylan wiliam 2012 points out that there are eight ways that a student can respond to feedback and six of them have a negative impact on future learning students can respond by changing behavior increasing or decreasing effort by modifying a goal reducing or increasing level of challenge by abandoning the goal deciding that the goal is too easy or too difficult or by rejecting the feedback ignoring it or taking no action six out of these eight responses of them have a negative impact on future learning the positive responses are indicated with an asterisk it is incumbent on teachers to become feedback literate there is a lot at stake and it would seem that the odds are not in the teacher s favor feedback literacy simply defined feedback is information about how a student is doing in his or her efforts to reach a goal in order for the feedback to be meaningful the student must first understand the goal in other words the learning target must be clear ­ not only to the teacher but also to the student the acid test is to ask every student in the class to individually complete the sentence stem we are learning the results can be both surprising and informative in order for feedback to be both effective and meaningful students need to be able to answer three metacognitive questions they are deceptively simple and yet powerfully reflective where am i going what is the learning target where am i now what is my present level of mastery or under12 earcos triannual journal

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comfort-oriented feedback perhaps the most insidious form of feedback is comfort-oriented feedback four recent studies indicate that comforting students who struggle in math or other subjects de-motivate them and decrease the number of students pursuing math related subjects rattan good dweck 2012 the studies explored whether holding a fixed theory of ability ­ that is believing that ability is innate and unchanging ­ leads teachers and parents not only to comfort students for their perceived low ability following failure but also to use practices that actually encourage student long term low achievement the studies found that teachers and parents who have a fixed theory of math intelligence more frequently judged students to have low ability in math than those who held a malleable theory which supposes that people can improve their abilities through hard work and practice they were also more likely to comfort students for their apparent lack of ability and use kind strategies that failed to motivate the student to improve such as assigning less homework and not calling on them in class students who received comfort-oriented feedback often assumed the teacher had low expectations for what they might accomplish as well as lower engagement in their learning even when the feedback was expressed positively ­ as in you are a good person who has many talents it may be that you just don t have a aptitude for learning a foreign language the report concluded that teachers and parents who provided comfortoriented feedback might have done so with the best of intentions these may be exceptionally kind and empathetic teachers but they inadvertently disable students from future learning teacher feedback to students on their learning and achievement is truly the breakfast of champions and losers in order for us to support our learners to become the champions we want them to be it is incumbent on us to become feedback literate references chappuis j 2005 helping students to understand assessment educational leadership 633 39 43 fisher d frey n 2012 making time for feedback educational leadership 701 42 ­ 47 hattie j 2012 know thy impact educational leadership 701 18-23 hattie j 2009 visible learning a synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement new york routledge kluger a n denisi a 1996 the effects of feedback interventions on performance a historical review a meta-analysis and a preliminary feedback intervention theory psychological bulletin 1192 254-284 rattan a good c dweck c 2012 it s ok not everyone can be good at math instructors with an entity theory comfort and demotivate students journal of experimental social psychology 2012 doi 10.1016/j jesp.2011.12.012 sawyer k 2007 group genius the creative power of collaboration basic books n.y wiggins g 2012 seven keys to effective feedback educational leadership 701 11-16 wiliam d 2012 feedback part of a system educational leadership 701 31-34 edthought college-prep accredited online highschool.unl.edu 402 472-2175 extservice@unl.edu the university of nebraska­lincoln is an equal opportunity educator and employer ©2013 the board of regents of the university of nebraska all rights reserved ish148.13 spring 2013 issue 13

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