The Chile Specialist nº 59

 

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4th Quarter , 2004 - 27 pg.

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the chile specialist the official newsletter of the chile specialist association 4th quarter 2004 no 59 the chile specialist association is an affiliate of the american philatelic society editor · charles p blickle · 511 moss ave · clearwater fl 33759-3432 · cblickle@worldnet.att.net publisher · carlos vergara · carlos@cvphoto.net editor emeritus · leland crane · llcrane@juno.com what is going on by pete blickle lee crane and i attended the florida stamp dealers show in orlando on december 3 chilean material was not in abundance and what there was was of little interest or value however a new year beckons for those of us here in the sunny south the american airmail society will have its 2005 spring meeting at the sarasota national stamp exhibition february 46 ameristamp expo the aps winter stamp show will be held in atlanta ga february 18-20 at the cobb galleria center 30 minutes from hartsfield airport depending upon the traffic on the north side of atlanta i look forward to seeing some of you at either or both of these shows i would like to thank parker sams and art bunce two new contributors to the specialist as well as our old standbys ross towle william farber and bill lenarz without your input we would be hard pressed to have an issue with anything but multas and airmails all of you should consider sending in interesting philatelic articles no matter how large or small i along with carlos and linda hope that you had a wonderful holiday season and wish you a happy and prosperous new year contents what is going on by pete blickle member news news notes by pete blickle cover of the quarter by carlos vergara 1894 exposicion de mineria y metalurgia postal cards by ross towle an inquiry re abnc 1911 presidente issue inverts by art bunce presidente printing methods by bill lenarz and ross towle early letter with second london 5-centavo by parker c sams census and comparative postal timeline by william d farber the macdonald lastra die by ross towle photos from santiago tematica 2004 show by carlos vergara the chile specialist no 59 page 1 of 27 page page page page pages page pages page pages pages pages 1 2 3 4 5-7 8 9-14 15-16 17-21 22-24 25-27

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member news in memory robert e adamson jr s last issue of the chile specialist was returned to carlos prompting communication with his daughter saying that the admiral could no longer participate in his philatelic hobby the admiral s name has since been seen listed as deceased in the december 2004 issue of american philatelist although i pete never met the admiral i had a pleasant correspondent s relationship with him a one-time naval attaché to chile the admiral had some interesting stories and i am sure many that i did not get to hear a charter member of the specialist and a long time supporter of the group the admiral will be missed welcome to new members rodrigo bravo p general del canto 230 piso 4 providencia santiago chile collecting interests first issues and letters lineal markings 1853-1867 pre-philatelic block of four chile harold max fagerquist p.o box 935 anderson ca 96007 collecting interests worldwide classics to approx 1880 s 18th century stamp albums membership list updates please make the following additions/corrections to the chile specialist membership list that was sent with issue 56 last issue we announced that james hunt was back in webster groves mo after his year in germany he has now moved although just down the street so please make a note that his current correct street address is 723 atalanta all other information remains the same congratulations to the following specialist members for their award-winning exhibits jorg maier received a gold medal for his chile postage stamps used for fiscal purposes and revenues used for postal purposes at sieposta 2004 in siegburg germany congratulations jorg ross towle won a gold medal with felicitations from the jury at chicagopex for his book postal rates of chile 1766-1959 congratulations ross postal rates of chile is still available for purchase see page 21 for ordering instructions editor s note it is very difficult to keep track of all members exhibiting and awards won so please send in any announcements or awards received so that they can be included in future issues of the chile specialist the chile specialist no 59 page 2 of 27

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news notes by pete blickle brian moorhouse and john west have just published a book tierra del fuego the 1891 postage stamp and it s usage eighty hardbound pages including 18 in color retails for gbp 20 gbp 4 for airmail postage this book made for a very interesting read seeing the elusive popper on cover is always a treat and this book certainly provides all needed information on this interesting issue a must for any chilean philatelist books may be ordered directly from brian via his email brian@moorhouse.com for those of you who collect airmail covers and/or overprinted presidente airmail stamps you will be either glad or sad to know that a 1930 south american zeppelin flight postcard was sold at matthew bennett international/ha harmers sa auction in october for us $7,500 without auction fees the may 18-june 6 postcard sieger no 56 iva was flown riofriedrichshafen franked by four chile adhesives postmarked at valparaiso a southbound card from germany 19.5.30 to three brazilian stamps including 5,000 villa alemana through rio with brazilian re-issues green zeppelin stamp without franking also brought us 7,500 without overprint zp1 tied rio 24.5.30 purple auction fees this cover is illustrated on the rear us zeppelin flight cachet friedrichcover of the december 2004 airpost journal shafen arrival 6.6.30 and red bremen there are areas of chilean airmail collecting that airmail cachet on front see illustration get a bit pricey at right in the november 22 2004 linn s stamp news rick miller s article refresher course included a chilean stamp which makes it very easy to complete a collection of a particular service stamp not the common airmail semi-postal postage due official special delivery or fiscal services but parcel post postal tax service stamp it is catalogo 2000 no 560 the 1954 15-peso presidente jj prieto v for sobretasa ley no 11794 it is the only parcel post postal tax stamp issued miller notes that the stamp did not pay postage it paid a tax assessed on every mail parcel entering or leaving chile the printing was 7,246,500 less 117,900 burned for a net circulation of 7,128,66 stamps see the chile specialist issue 55 for an article about this stamp the chile specialist no 59 page 3 of 27

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cover of the quarter by carlos vergara many of you know that small chilean covers are amongst my favorite things our everimaginative late friend derek palmer was always having fun with the post office and shown life size above are two of his creations the first small cover is mailed from puerto aereo los cerrillos to one of derek s business partners hans calm in santiago franked with 10 20 and 30ct examples of the almagro discovery of chile series the second cover a small mourning envelope is franked with a usa 3ct george washington carver famous american issue both are cancelled in red on july 7th l948 and have same day santiago reception marks does anyone have any ideas as to the reason these covers were created an anniversary birthday or just having fun any comments are welcome the chile specialist no 59 page 4 of 27

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1894 exposicion de mineria y metalurgia postal cards by ross a towle until 1903 picture post cards were sent at the same rate as letters however if the images were printed on government postal cards then the cards could be sent at the reduced postal card rate these cards make for an interesting collection in this article i will concentrate on the chilean postal cards with a privately printed design for the 1894 exposition de mineria y metalurgia exposition of mining and metallurgy adolfo nemeth litografia alemana of santiago printed a design on various chilean postal cards for the germanic colony s celebration on sunday december 2 1894 at the exposicion de mineria y metalurgia the exposition was held in the quinta normal park the printed design figure 1 features the exposition building figure 1 privately printed design on back of postal cards the iron building was originally constructed as the chilean pavilion for the 1889 world s fair in paris and has been incorrectly attributed to gustave eiffel the eiffel tower was also constructed for the 1889 fair in actuality the architect was henri pecq and constructed by moisant laurent savey et cie after the fair the building was dismantled and shipped to chile where it was reconstructed and became known as pabellon paris the building still exists and is a national monument it is brightly colored and functions as the home of artequín museum with reproductions of famous paintings see www.artequin.cl for more information the building is just to the east of the casa de moneda facility and held the electrical displays the printed design also includes two other buildings i have not been able to identify the two story building the other building is a very large open plan building called galpon de maquines and functioned as the main exhibition area for the exposition as it had over 78,000 square feet of floor space locomotives heavy machine etc from many manufacturers could be found in the cavernous space the museo nacional constructed for the 1875 exposition also contained some exhibits the chile specialist no 59 page 5 of 27

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1894 exposicion de mineria y metalurgia postal cards continued president jorge montt inaugurated the exposition on october 28 1894 the exposition closed on january 31 1895 there were 4 special days november 25 1894 was hispanic day december 2 1894 was germanic day december 8 1894 was anglo-american day december 16 1894 was italian day the exposition while mainly devoted to mining and metallurgy also included competitions involving horticulture industrial arts and minerals kiosks sold food and beverages the special day would include speeches bands and ethnic food for germanic day four chilean breweries anwandter ebner gubler y cousiño and limache sold 5,000 liters of beer which the program described as the favorite beverage of the sons of germania in 1895 santiago m basurco authored the 330-page book exposición de minería y metalurgia de 1894 which included many illustrations from the exposition the library of congress washington dc yale university library and biblioteca nacional santiago each have a copy of this book julian ramos editor of correo filatelico writing under the pseudonym of j somar in the may-july 1905 issue of correo filatelico gives the following quantities printed postal card 3c upu postal card h&g 11 chile specialized tp35 1c domestic postal card h&g 9 chile specialized tp32 2c domestic postal card h&g 13 chile specialized tp33 2c upu postal card h&g 10 chile specialized tp34 2c upu postal card h&g 16 chile specialized tp38 quantity 2,000 100 100 100 100 according to ramos the cards were sold out on the first day and almost all used there was a small post office at the exposition basurco does not mention any postal facility at the exposition but also does not list the various kiosks or even a complete list of exhibitors i do not know how nemeth distributed the cards or if he charged a premium over the face value of the card i have seen examples of all of the cards except for the 1c domestic card the 3c upu card is difficult to find and the rest are almost impossible to find the only used examples i have seen are the 3c upu card figure 2 the latest use i have seen is march 13 1898 figure 3 figure 2 and figure 3 are found on next page so who has an example on the 1c domestic postal card or used examples of any of the cards other than the 3c upu card please share your treasures with the readers of chile specialist the chile specialist no 59 page 6 of 27

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1894 exposicion de mineria y metalurgia postal cards continued figure 2 card used on december 3 1894 second day of use figure 3 card used on march 13 1898 latest reported usage the chile specialist no 59 page 7 of 27

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an inquiry about the inverts of the american bank note company 1911 presidente issue by art bunce as collectors of the presidentes issue know the 10c 15c and 20c values of the 1911 american bank note company printing are known with inverted centers scott nos 102a 104a and 105a chile specialized nos 103d 105c and 106d as inverts go they are only moderately scarce as singles with the 15c the scarcest the 10c somewhat scarce and the 20c the least scarce the 20c value is known used on a series of very similar covers all philatelic and apparently generated by the same individual over a short period of time the three covers of which i am aware are all singles of the european-sized covers from iquique to sr jose garcia olivera at the same address in lima the iquique cancels are dated july 31 1915 sept 1 1915 and nov 29 1915 what else do we know about these usages who prepared them who is the addressee how many more are there do other values exist on cover or others of this value from other sources replies are welcome publishers note a wonderful top-margined block of 20 of this issue was sold on ebay in december 2004 and currently resides in the collection of one of our proud members the chile specialist no 59 page 8 of 27

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presidente printing methods by bill lenarz and ross towle several collectors and dealers have expressed frustration to us about their attempts to use scott catalogs to identify stamps from the presidente series the most common complaint is trying to match stamps with the correos de chile legend with the scott listings the confusion derives from scott listing printing methods for particular stamps that were not used and being ambiguous in some other cases we reviewed listings by scott 2002 catalogo especializado chile 2000 and stanley gibbons 1989 and found inconsistencies this article provides a comparison of the three catalogs and our determinations of the printing methods used for the stamps classification of printing methods the catalogs list four printing methods for the presidentes engraved or recess typographed or relief lithograph and offset we use the philatelic definition of typographed which includes printings from any relief plate rather than the more restrictive definition of printings from movable type lithograph and offset are planographic methods and it is not easy to distinguish stamps printed by the two techniques there tends to be more contrast and sharpness to lithograph than offset printings but it is difficult to distinguish between the two unless examples of both methods are available for the same subject risueño cited in lenarz 2004 the chile specialist no 58 noted that while the talleres de especies valoradas had lithograph machines he thought they had never been used for stamps we decided to treat lithograph listings as offset we examined stamps from all the presidente listings by the catalogo especializado and used williams 1990 fundamentals of philately aps as an aid to develop criteria for determining printing method we used optical equipment ranging from 5x hand lenses to a 50x wild stereoscopic scope for examining the stamps we limited the following descriptions of printing techniques to what was necessary to understand our criteria for classifying the stamps we first determined if a stamp was engraved or not engraved or recess we found it easy to determine if a presidente frame or center was printed from an engraved plate designs are recessed into engraved plates the design by necessity consists of lines and dots which usually have varying thickness and width there can t be large solid geometric figures the ink often appears to be raised particularly in the center of a line the intensity of a line can be increased by increasing the depth of the line on the plate which results in thicker pigment on the stamp it was easy for us to see that at least some lines on an engraved stamp were raised and that heights varied the paper is pressed into the recesses of the plate and this was sometimes obvious when viewing a stamp from the gum side engraved printing machines wipe ink off the surface of plates between inking the plate and printing we observed cases of streaking caused by incomplete wiping continued the chile specialist no 59 page 9 of 27

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presidente printing methods continued if a printing wasn t engraved we then determined if it was typographed or offset we sometimes had trouble making this determination and in those cases found it necessary to very carefully examine all areas of the frame or center in some cases we examined several stamps before coming to a conclusion typographed or relief typographed is the opposite of engraved in that printed portions of the design are on raised parts of the plate line width is often uniform there can be large solid geometric figures the intensity of a line cannot be increased by increasing the height of the line on the plate some frames and centers were very easy to classify as typograph-ed the raised portions of the plate may result in raised portions of paper on the gum side and the ink sometimes appears to be pushed out to the sides of the printed areas figure 1 in some cases we noted that the ink is raised at the edges of printed areas however printers try to minimize these effects and sometimes are quite successful in doing so printed areas sometimes have a somewhat mottled appearance under high magnification we noted that this usually was caused by ink pooling at the base of the paper fibers the surface of the paper fibers was almost always lighter than the base in these cases we would like to note that ink amount of pressure used in printing and amount of relief of a typographed plate also have significant effects on the appearance of the stamps for example a thick ink will be noticeably raised at the edges of printed areas of typographed stamps while a thin ink may not be if relatively low pressure is applied to a low relief typograph plate there may be no raised portions on the back of the stamp figure 1 detail of left rectangle of typographed 2 centavos presidente printed from macdonald plate note that edges of the lines appear to be darker than centers also there are no dots of pigment in the margin and no pulled paper fibers if a frame or center was not obviously engraved or typographed we then seriously considered offset offset offset in classified as a type of planographic printing because the printed portions of the design are at the same level as the non-printed portions on the blanket cylinder the plates may be and the rubber blank-et cylinder mats are slightly pitted in order to pick up the ink as with typographed plates there can be large solid geometric figures the overall impression of the printed portion of the design is that it is flat the edges of the printed portions are not noticeably darker than the central regions the chile specialist no 59 page 10 of 27

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presidente printing methods continued however the design usually appears to be mottled with irregular dots that result from the pitted blanked cylinder mat and the interaction of the ink with water in contrast to typographed stamps these dots usually cover the surface of paper fibers as well as the bases incomplete damp-ening of the printing plate can results in specks printed in normally un-printed areas figure 2 the blanket cylinder mats apparently apply some stress to the paper because we often noted fibers that were pulled from but still attached to the paper in other cases we noticed what appeared to be curved non-printed scratches in printed areas that appear to be the result of fibers being completely removed from the paper by the mat we also occasionally noticed pulled fibers in typo-graphed printings but the extent was much less than found in offset stamps figure 2 detail of upper rectangle of 10 centavos presidente printed by macdon-ald the frame is offset note the pulled paper fiber and missing pigment where the fiber was pulled from the paper surface there are dots of pigment in the margin which is another offset character-istic we found it easy to determine printing methods used for all of the presidentes except the unwatermarked correos de chile 10 centavos we did not find any examples of this stamp with the design raised on the gum side and we needed to look very carefully for evidence of the ink being pushed out to the side however the uncrossed even shading of the center background of the unwater-marked stamp is typical of typographed stamps we found that ink appeared to be denser and slightly raised at the bottom edge of the uniform of the center we also found examples of slightly denser ink at edges of some lines of the frame the corners of the frames tended to protrude while this was not evident for frames of the watermarked offset stamps we found some pulled fibers on both the centers and frames of the unwatermarked stamps but many more on the watermarked stamps the watermarked stamps appeared to be more mottled with the ink of the relatively small darker areas more likely to cover the surface of fibers than for the unwatermarked stamps most of the watermarked stamps had small specks of blue pigment in the margins while the unwatermarked stamps didn t results we agreed with the three catalogs that the all of the presidentes printed by the american bank note company were engraved table 1 see following page we also agreed with the catalogs that the presidentes printed in england by macdonald had offset frames and engraved centers table 2 see following page however we noted that the descriptions by scott of the 10 centavos stamps printed from macdonald dies were not sufficient to determine what listings by catalogo especializado chile and stanley gibbons were referred to by scott 131 and 131a the chile specialist no 59 page 11 of 27

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presidente printing methods continued table 1 method used by the american bank note company to print presidentes as indicated by the catalogo especializado chile 2000 cs scott 2002 sc and stanley gibbons south america 1989 sg and this study method e=engraved na not applicable because center and frame printed from same plate description 1c columbus 2c valdivia 3c zambrano 5c o higgins 10c freire 12c pinto 15c prieto 20c bulnes 25c montt 30c perez 50c errazuriz z $1 pinto $2 santa maria $5 balmaceda $10 errazuriz e 2c columbus 4c zambrano 8c freire 10c o higgins 14c pinto 40c prieto 60c montt cat no cs 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 frame cs eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee center cs na na na na eeeeeeeeeee na na na eeee sc 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 121 123 sg 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 sc eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee sg eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee study eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee sc na na na na eeeeeeeeeee na na na eeee sg na na na na eeeeeeeeeee na na na eeee study na na na na eeeeeeeeeee na na na eeee table 2 method used by the thomas macdonald company to print presidentes as indicated by the catalogo especializado chile 2000 cs scott 2002 sc and stanley gibbons south america 1989 sg and this study method e engraved and o offset or lithograph description 10c o higgins 10c o higgins 20c bulnes 50c errazuriz z $1 pinto $2 santa maria cat no cs 121-i 121-ii 122 123 124 125 frame cs oooooo center cs eeeeee sc 131 131 134 137 138 139 sg 164 164 166 170 172 173 sc oooooo sg oooooo study oooooo sc eeeeee sg eeeeee study eeeeee the chile specialist no 59 page 12 of 27

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presidente printing methods continued we found some divergence in listings for presidentes with legend chile correos printed by the talleres de especies valoradas table 3 scott did not list printing method for the second types of the 1 and 4 centavos stamps the introduction section of scott indicated that if a printing method wasn t listed the previously listed method was used the previously listed method was offset frame and engraved center but the frame and center were printed from the same plates for these two values scott possibly intended for the reader to refer to the previously listed method for the same stamp scott listed the 80 centavos presidente to be typographed with center engraved we agreed with the other catalogs that the frame was offset table 3 method used by the talleres de especies valoradas of chile to print presidentes with legend chile correos as indicated by the catalogo especializado chile 2000 cs scott 2002 sc and stanley gibbons south america 1989 sg and this study method e engraved o offset or lithograph t typographed and na not applicable because center and frame printed from same plate description unwatermarked 1c columbus 1c columbus 2c valdivia 2c valdivia 4c columbus big 4c columbus small 4c balmaceda 5c o higgins 8c freire 8c freire 10c o higgins 10c o higgins 14c salas 15c prieto 20c bulnes 25c montt 30c perez 40c prieto 50c errazuriz z 80c latorre $1 pinto $2 santa maria $5 balmaceda $10 errazuriz e watermarked 5c cochrane 15c prieto 40c rengifo 50c errazuriz z $1 pinto $2 santa maria $5 balmaceda $10 errazuriz e cat no cs 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 134c 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 sc 127 143 128 128 129 144 124 125 126 131a 131a 133 134 135 136 145 137 154 138 139 140 141 155 155a 156 157 158 159 160 161 sg 157 157a 158 158a 159 160 161 162 162a 163b 163 165 166a 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 185 185a 186 187 188 189 190 190a frame cs ttttttteeetttoooooooooooeooooooo sc t t t t eeettooooootooooettttttt sg tttttteeettoooooooooooeooooooo study ttttttteeetttoooooooooooeooooooo center cs na na na na na na na na na na eoeeeeeeeeeeee na eeeeeee sc na na na na na na na na na na eoeeeeeeeeeee na eeeeeee sg na na na na na na na na na na eoeeeeeeeeeee na eeeeeee study na na na na na na na na na na eoeeeeeeeeeeee na eeeeeee the chile specialist no 59 page 13 of 27

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presidente printing methods continued there was considerable divergence in listings of printing methods for the presidentes with legend correos de chile table 4 we agreed with stanley gibbons for all of the listings but disagreed with one or both of the other catalogs for the all but the 5 centavos stamps we disagreed with the catalogo especializado for all of the centers we disagreed with scott for either the center or the frame for all of the stamps except the 20 centavos with clear center table 4 method used by the talleres de especies valoradas of chile to print presidentes with legend correos de chile as indicated by the catalogo especializado chile 2000 cs scott 2002 sc and stanley gibbons south america 1989 sg and this study method e engraved o offset or lithograph t typographed and na not applicable because center and frame printed from same plate description cat no cs frame cs center cs sc sg sc sg study sc sg study unwatermarked 10c o higgins watermarked 5c cochrane 5c cochrane 10c o higgins large head 10c o higgins small head 15c prieto clear center 15c prieto intermediate center 15c prieto obscure center 20c bulnes clear center 20c bulnes obscure center 25c montt 30c perez 50c errazuriz z 171 173 204a otttoott 172 173 174 175 176-i 176-ii 176-iii 177-i 177-ii 178 179 180 162 163 164 170 165 171 171 166 172 167 168 169 205 206 207a 207 208a 208 208 209 209a 210 211 212 eoooooooooooeootottotoooeoooooooooooeooooooooooo na na tttttttttt na na eoeooeoeee na na oooooeeeee na na oooooeeeee discussion scott did not give a description sufficient to allow determination of the types of 10 15 and 20 centavos correos de chile stamps unless both types are available and listed the wrong printing methods for these stamps scott also listed the issue date for the unwatermarked 10 centavos correos de chile stamp as 1931 instead of the correct 1928 most of the unwatermarked stamps were used before the date listed by scott no wonder many collectors become frustrated when attempting to identify the correos de chile stamps the chile specialist no 59 page 14 of 27

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early letter with second london 5-centavo by parker c sams two recent issues of chile filatelico the magazine of la sociedad filatelica de chile have charts showing the earliest and the latest use of letters bearing chile s first stamps one chart is in issue no 269 feb july 2002 it was compiled by rodrigo bravo pasler and is an expansion of an earlier chart in no 267 nov sept 2003 by joseph hackmey in both of these the earliest known letter with the second london printing of the 5-centavo stamp catalogo 2000 no 7 scott no 8 is dated 28 may 1855 this letter appeared in 1981 at an auction of the jean dupont collection in london the article by rodrigo bravo pasler reveals in my collection i have a candidate for one a little earlier dated 19 may 1855 figure 1 it is a folded letter from valparaiso to santiago with a red circled 10 postage due mark from the santiago post office and a circular date stamp from valparaiso that is difficult to read the day and the month 19 may can be made out on the date stamp but not the year nevertheless the written letter itself provides the full date as mayo 19 de 1855 may 19 of 1855 figure 2 when i bought this cover some years ago an american philatelic society expertising service certificate came with it that also gives the date as 19 may 1855 figure 1 this letter with a second london 5-centavo stamp was mailed 19 may 1855 apparently before the previously known earliest use of this stamp figure 2 handwriting from the letter dates the letter as 19 may 1855 the same day and month can be made out on the date stamp on the front early letter with second london 5-centavo continued the chile specialist no 59 page 15 of 27

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