The Chile Specialist nº 58


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3nd Quarter 2004 - 23 pg.

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the chile specialist the official newsletter of the chile specialist association 3rd quarter 2004 no 58 the chile specialist association is an affiliate of the american philatelic society editor · charles p blickle · 511 moss ave · clearwater fl 33759-3432 · publisher · carlos vergara · editor emeritus · leland crane · what is going on by pete blickle while dodging hurricanes here in florida and adjusting to living without power for one 30-hour period i was able to visit milwaukee and the milcopex show this annual stamp show was a staple in my early years collecting chile since i lived in the suburbs of milwaukee it is still a good show and i enjoyed seeing alvaro pacheco`s single frame 5c overprint exhibit again some stamps shows in the tampa area were affected by the hurricanes with at least one show cancelled and others very poorly attended with a bit of luck the hurricane season here is over for this year best wishes to the sociedad filatelica de chile and their thematic exhibition october 19-24 anyone near atlanta will hopefully be making plans for ameristamp expo 2005 the aps annual winter show february 18-20 we will have at least one dinner for specialist members attending the show and could have a meeting as we are now an aps affiliate atlanta is the hub of the southeast and easy to get to so join those of us chile collectors who will be attending other future notable shows include st louis 2006 which will feature latin american exhibits local specialist member jim hunt will be able to keep us up to date on this event the event of the decade will be washington 2006 world philatelic exhibit may 27-june 3 2006 it is never too early to start planning and saving for these stamp shows contents what is going on by pete blickle member news cover of the quarter by jorg maier the 1903-1904 famous people issue by ross a towle rouletted sin barra by ross a towle a 1941 visit to the casa de moneda by bill lenarz 1867 issue 2nd order contract by ross a towle revalued stamped envelopes by ross a towle the chile specialist no 58 page 1 of 23 page pages page pages page pages page pages 1 2-3 4 5-10 10-11 12-16 17-20 21-23


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member news in the september 2004 issue of american philatelist steve pendleton has written an interesting article the island of three names islas juan fernandez pp 789-805 two web sites are listed in the acknowledgments and they may be of interest to those who collect this area history of juan fernandez islands chile pages from a postal history collector welcome to new members susan debusk 4924 w eddy chicago il 60641 david s ditterich 15 mcculloch st dromana victoria australia 3936 membership list updates please make the following additions/corrections to the chile specialist membership list that was sent with issue 56 new office address for aps including research library 100 match factory place bellefonte pa 16823-1367 ph 814 933-3803 james hunt is back from his year in germany back at webster groves mo address correct email address for sociedad filatelica de chile correct email address for thomas kannegiesser new resource available postal rates of chile 1766-1959 by ross a towle this hardbound 240-page volume includes over 100 pages of full color illustrations and is a must have for all serious students and exhibitors of chilean postal history it is available for $67.50 postpaid within the u.s or $75.00 postpaid outside of the u.s copies can be ordered from carlos vergara or directly on-line at the chile specialist no 58 page 2 of 23


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member news continued congratulations to the following specialist members for their award-winning exhibits aps stampshow 2004 in sacramento multi frame exhibits carlos vergara official postal seals of chile gold alvaro pacheco chilean lineal markings vermeil single frame exhibits bill lenarz two centavos presidentes of chileplatinum alvaro pacheco pre-philatelic postmarks of valparaiso gold literature ross towle postal rates of chile gold felicitations singapore 2004 ross towle ross towle balpex 2004 alvaro pacheco chile postal stationery postal rates of chile chilean lineal markings gold special prize large vermeil gold aps medal of excellence pre1900 gold single frame best in show milcopex 2004 alvaro pacheco chile 1900 surcharge 5 sescal 2004 alvaro pacheco ross towle pre-philatelic postmarks of valparaiso gold chile postal stationery gold marcus white showcase grand champ-ion of champions of postal stationery sescal grand straightline markings of chile chile two centavo valdivia gold aps medal of excellence pre-1900 grand award pnse philadelphia alvaro pacheco winepex 2004 bill lenarz editor s note it is very difficult to keep track of all members exhibiting and awards won so please send in any announcements or awards received so that they can be included in future issues of the chile specialist the chile specialist no 58 page 3 of 23


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cover of the quarter by jorg maier cover from iquique july 5 1880 addressed to joaquin godoy ambassador and special envoy of chile in quito ecuador it is not only a nice and early cover from occupied iquique but also interesting because of its historical aspects the addressee was for many years the chilean ambassador in lima peru including when the war of the pacific started in 1879 the chilean government commissioned mr godoy to negotiate with peru asking for their neutrality in the war between bolivia and chile but the attempts of mr godoy were not successful because of the secret treaty of 1873 between bolivia and peru in a private conference at chorrillos the peruvian president prado declared to mr godoy that peru must fulfill his obligations derived of this treaty the chile specialist no 58 page 4 of 23


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the 1903-1904 famous people issue by ross a towle this article is about the 1903-1904 famous people issue presented from the viewpoint of the american bank note co do you have the complete set ­ stamps and stationery what you do not have any of the stamps or postal stationery of this issue there is a good reason the issue was not produced the story involves everything needed for a good business story on june 23 1902 the minister of the hacienda authorized the director del tesoro to place an order for postage stamps telegraph stamps and postal cards of the napoleon head or bicolor issue this order of 24,000,000 postage stamps was intended to cover the requirements for 1903 in the later part of july jorge asta-buruaga the american bank note co agent in santiago found out the waterlow agent in santiago carlos rogers had convinced the director del especies to write a memo to the minister of the hacienda this memo lists many ways in the view of director del especies in which the current issue did not conform to the specimens provided for the proposal the minister of the hacienda then reduced the order to half of the original amount the order would cover the needs of the first half of 1903 what would they do for the remainder of 1903 decree 3459 of july 14 1902 by the minister of the interior orders a brand new issue some of the reasons stated included the diversity of stamps that were in circulation amounts to a great danger of being falsified the postage stamps would be of the values 1 2 5 10 15 20 25 30 and 50 centavos and 1 peso the telegraph stamps would be of the values 1 2 5 10 and 20 centavos and 1 peso the models of the 5 10 and 20 centavos postage stamps must bear the bust of columbus the telegraph and the remaining postage stamps must bear celebrated person monuments public works or edifices or ships of the chilean navy the competition would end on september 15th which would provide sufficient time for the issue to be ready for the middle of 1903 a commission to judge the competition was established by decree 3632 of july 26 1902 the members were salvador vergara gmo perez valdivieso and carlos lira it is pretty clear the intent of carlos rogers intriguing was to wrest the contract for printing chilean stamps from the abnc the only way this could happen would be if a new issue was needed and he succeeded in having a competition for the new issue the intent of this decree would determine the supplier of postage stamps for the next 10 years worth over £6000 per year asta-buruaga reminded the abnc had engraved portraits of the presidents o`higgins pinto prieto bulnes freire montt errázuriz and blanco postal officials tocornal bello prat and vergara and generals lynch and penteno from bank notes he sent vignettes of perez and balmaceda he also sent bank notes with the vignettes of santa-maria and anibal pinto various ships statues and monuments were on bank notes he suggested that some of the stamps be of the format of the us columbian exposition issue jorge suggested that postal cards be made even though the decree did not call for them with the portraits of postmaster generals f s asta-buruaga and juan m riesco the 1903-1904 famous people issue continued the chile specialist no 58 page 5 of 23


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in a subsequent letter jorge asta-buruaga provides more suggestions he notes the following stamps are popular with the selection commission canada bill stamps 1 $2 and $3 haiti 1 5 and 7 centimes peru upu issue 1 5 10 20 and 50 centavos and 1 peso peru telegraph stamps with statues hawaii portrait series 2 5 6 10 12 and 25 cents us state department stamp with the portrait of seward and the centennial issue [i have no idea what country or issue this is he asks that various collections of models be sent for the competition not long afterward on august 5th asta-buruaga forwards a report of the commission which is more specific than the original decree a summary of the report follows the column labeled source of image are notations given by asta-buruaga and not part of the report postage stamps the 60 centavos $5 stamps are of similar form to the us columbian exposition stamps value 1 centavo 2 centavos 5 centavos 10 centavos 12 centavos 15 centavos 20 centavos 25 centavos color green rose sky-blue orange/black violet/black gray-blue/black coffee/black brown/black image manuel rodriguez benjamin vicuña mackenna arturo prat diego portales manuel de salas camilo henriquez josé miguel carrera josé ignacio zenteno blanco encalada almagro discovers chile valdivia founds santiago declaration of independence esmeralda at anchor in the bay of iquique steamer chile arrives at valparaiso inauguration of the railroad from caldera to copiapó allegory of the republic of chile source of image $10 and $20 banco curico notes $1000 fiscal note 30 centavos vermillion red/black 60 centavos light green/lilac 75 centavos dark blue/rose 80 centavos sky blue/vermillion $1 $2 $3 vermillion/sky blue lilac/rose rose/yellow-green $10 banco crédito unido note $2 fiscal note $5 dark blue/orange the chile specialist no 58 page 6 of 23


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the 1903-1904 famous people issue continued official stamps the paper is white the back ground in sky blue and the values are vermillion the model is the don pedro issue of brazil of 1876-1877 value 1 centavo 2 centavos 5 centavos 10 centavos 15 centavos 20 centavos 25 centavos 30 centavos 40 centavos 50 centavos 75 centavos $1 portrait o`higgins freire francisco a pinto joaquin prieto manuel bulnes manuel montt josé joaquin perez josé errázuriz zañartu anibal pinto domingo santa maria josé manuel balmaceda federico errázuriz echaurren source $100 fiscal note $5 fiscal note $50 fiscal note $20 fiscal note $10 fiscal note $500 fiscal note $1 fiscal note $1 banco concepcion note $1 $5 and $10 banco josé bunster note postal cards salmon paper with the design in carmine a building in the center and a portrait in each of the two upper corners value 1 centavo 1 centavo 1 centavo 2 centavos 2 centavos 2 centavos upu 3 centavos 3 centavos building national congress casa de moneda dock of talcahuano lighthouse of the evangelists fifth normal university of chile correo viaduct of malleco falls of laja portrait j tocornal manuel rengifo lynch thompson salvador sanfuentes bello j m riesco lynch $100 banco de talca note source portrait mariano egaña antonio varas simpson condell antonio garcia reyes domeike f solano astaburuaga vergara source $5 banco de talca note 3 centavos lord cochrane pedro de valdivia the chile specialist no 58 page 7 of 23


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the 1903-1904 famous people issue continued letter cards on grey paper value 2 centavos 5 centavos color green blue monument marina o`higgins source $10 banco crédito unido note $100 fiscal note stamped envelopes value 2 centavos 5 centavos 10 centavos 15 centavos 20 centavos portrait jeronimo urmeneta matias cousiño manuel baquedano josé victorino lastarria manuel a tocornal advice of receipt value 5 centavos image mount santa lucia asta-buruaga exhorts the company to have quality of the engraving and paper brilliancy and beauty of the colors and that the portraits be prominent the abnc sent the models on september 23 1902 they cabled asta-buruaga on october 4 1902 that the order should be taken as close as possible to £5.1.0 per 100,000 single color and £6 per 100,000 for bicolor with a 5 commission to him the commission issued a report on september 25 1902 with a new list of values and images decree 5514 of december 24 1902 delays the commission`s decision until july 1 1903 astaburuaga asks on dec 31 1902 for another set of samples with the following people president santa-maria president pinto president perez josé miguel carrera uncle of one of the members of the commission juan miguel riesco uncle of the president josé francisco vergara father of one of the members of the commission in both civilian and military clothes benjamin vicuña mackenna father-in-law of josé francisco vergara antonio varas head of the national party salvador sanfuentes father of the head of the liberal democratic party manuel ant tocornal and patricio lynch he says you may smile at my suggestions but you must know that the country is governed by an oligarchy and vanity is greatly inherited from our forefathers the spaniards and to see one`s relations on the postage stamps is something that carries them immensely on may 26 1903 asta-buruaga is waiting for additional models from the home office the chile specialist no 58 page 8 of 23


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the 1903-1904 famous people issue continued at last on december 16 1903 decree 4885 by the minister of the interior accepts the abnc proposal for a 3-year contract instead of a 10-year contract for the following postage stamps the values between 1c and 50c are 25 x 28 mm the others are 25 x 37 mm value 1 centavo 2 centavos 3 centavos 4 centavos 5 centavos 10 centavos 12 centavos 15 centavos 20 centavos 25 centavos 30 centavos 50 centavos $1 $2 color green rose sepia dark coffee blue grey/black pale rose/black scarlet/black violet/black reddish brown/black dark green/black sky blue/black golden yellow/black bronze/black image diego portales arturo prat lord cochrane camilo henriquez statue of bernardo o`higgins ramon freire manuel blanco encalada francisco antonio pinto joaquin prieto manuel bulnes manuel montt josé joaquin perez el cóndor statue of josé de san martin envelopes ­ 115 x 150 mm value 2 centavos 5 centavos 10 centavos 20 centavos image manuel baquedano patricio lynch carlos condell correo de santiago in the center of the envelope postal cards value 1 centavo 2 centavos 2 2 centavos 2 centavos argentina 3 centavos upu 3 3 centavos upu image congreso nacional universidad universidad cerro santa lucia casa de moneda casa de moneda letter cards 2 centavos 5 centavos andres bello ignacio domeyko the chile specialist no 58 page 9 of 23


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the 1903-1904 famous people issue continued the issue never happens because this decree is annulled by the decree of march 12 1904 however the peso bronze issue of 1905 stamps and postal stationery and the presidentes issue of 1911 stamps and postal stationery were heavily influenced by this competition one would think this would be the end but carlos rogers does not meekly go away he files a protest which is heard by the consejo de defensa fiscal by the decree of march 12 1904 the minister of the interior awards a new series of stamps peso bronze to abnc carlos rogers alleges that the minister received a private proposal outside of decree 3459 he also argues that the minister of the interior cannot award the contract to the abnc it is the job of the minister of the hacienda the consejo de defensa fiscal benjamin vergara e luis claro solar e sanchez cruz julio reyes lavalle and a subercaseaux pérez disagree and find nothing illegal on september 9 1904 their findings are upheld i have not seen the models that abnc and presumably waterlow presented nor have i seen them mentioned or illustrated in auction listings or articles on chilean essay material rouletted sin barra issue color models by ross a towle the 1865-1894 american bank note co abnc republic of chile correspondence book contains an incomplete set of incoming correspondence regarding chilean orders for postage stamps several of the pieces provide insights into the order process many times the order refers to a color for a value by model a or equivalent in most cases the model is not available miss c p roser an abnc employee who gathered this correspondence in 1925 made pencil notations that model is not available or not found however in a few cases the model still exists all of the existing models in the book are for values of the rouletted sin barra issue 1c green and 2c rose on july 7 1880 the director general of the posts ordered 1c and 2c stamps the green of the 1c stamps was indicated by a stamp size color chip the color chip was not a solid color but printed with a burlage design the rose model for the 2c stamps was glued to the order but has since been lost it is now just a glue stain 1c green model rouletted sin barra issue color models continued the chile specialist no 58 page 10 of 23


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5c ultramarine on june 22 1882 the director general of the posts ordered 5c stamps but in ultramarine a 5c lake postage stamp sin barra was included as a model of the stamp the ultramarine was indicated by a stamp size color chip similar to the 1c but in ultramarine 15c dark green 25c orange brown and $1 dark brown on december 31 1891 the director general of the posts reordered 1c 2c and 10c stamps and ordered new values 15c 25 and $1 the colors for the 15c and 25c stamps were specified by solid color chips on the right side of these chip is a paper dis 5c ultramarine turbance where part of the color chip has been removed then they were mounted on individual pieces of paper those portions of the chips contain the number 5 so chips originally had 15 and 25 written on them respectively the $1 color sample is a design printed in brown on card stock i suspect it is something to do with abnc as the company was located on trinity place and trinit is clearly part of the design 15c 25c and $1 color models other half of 15c and 25c color models i would like to thank the museum of american financial history for making this book of correspondence available the chile specialist no 58 page 11 of 23


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a 1941 visit to the casa de moneda by bill lenarz my 2003 visit to the casa de moneda was a personal highlight of the many activities organized by the sesquichile committee it turns out that the casa was also visited by philatelists 62 years previously on january 6 1941 material from the j r w purves collection that i obtained from hamish reid includes a summary dated january 21 1941 prepared by manuel risueño of notes that he and derek palmer made about the 1941 visit the summary suggests that another distinguished chilean philatelist alvaro bonilla participated in the visit the document referred to recollections of gonzalez and recabarren and that recabarren had material at the casa de moneda museum ross towle who gave me several suggestions that improved this article searched his filatelico`s and found that luis gonzalez g and arturo recabarren were members of the sociedad these may be the two gentlemen referred to in the summary risueños document describes some of the equipment and practices employed at the casa since the summary was written in english and was in the purves material i think that the summary was prepared for purves who had an international reputation as an authority on stamp printing techniques and was studying the presidente issues in 1941 i found the material very interesting and thought that it would be useful to prepare this extract of it i followed risueños organization of the material but added sidebars to clarify some aspects of the study a scan of the original document is available upon request perforators there were three comb perforators they were set up for different sized stamps #1 standard definitive 24 x 28 mm #2 fiscal 24 x 34 mm and #3 usually for high values 34 x 28 mm which was used sideways for the peso presidentes the third machine was sometimes altered for other sizes such as for the 1.80 peso centenario de santiago stamp which had been printed but not issued at the time of the visit the first two machines were capable of perforating 21 stamps at a stroke with three extra holes at each side the third machine appeared to be the same size which would allow it to perforate 15 stamps at a time but apparently was never used for more than 10 the first two machines were usually used for stamps printed as two panes of 100 stamps separated by a vertical gutter which was the same width as a stamp in these cases the left margin of the left pane and right margin of the right pane only had three perforations however some stamps e.g 10c 40c and 1.10p centenario de santiago were printed as single panes of 100 such sheets were fed to the central part of the perforator so that both the left and right margins were completely perforated there also were one or more line perforators that usually were used for receipts shares etc but also used for some issues of the 2 centavos and peso valued presidentes and high valued airmails either because the stamps due to paper shrinkage did not fit the comb perforators or because the comb perforators were not available the chile specialist no 58 page 12 of 23


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a 1941 visit to the casa de moneda continued the summary warns that because of paper shrink age the final holes of the vertical horizontal for high values perfs could be very close to the horizontal vertical for high values perfs of the next stroke this could cause confusion in distinguishing between comb and line perfed stamps simulation of perforations made by one stroke of comb perforator #1 of two stamps and margins in the upper left corner of a sheet of stamps a portion of the stamp in position 3 is shown a complete row would consist of two sets of 10 stamps separated by a gutter the size of a stamp the upper right corner would be a mirror image of the simulation engraved stamps the summary presented examples of engraved stamps and noted that there was a major reorganization of the casa de moneda apparently in 1933 which resulted in a well ordered way of doing things and keeping of records was established plates for engraved stamps were prepared in the classical way a die was hand-engraved in reverse and a transfer was made to a roller which was used to rock in the impressions on the plate while the plate steel was still soft plate numbers were punched in the positive so that they appear as inverse on the selvage this practice began in 1933 and at first numbers were punched in both the upper and lower upside down margins the centering crosses were then added and then from 15 to 20 parallel lines upper margin only then the date of manufacture and the initials of the plate maker usually esvg were added the plate was then curved to form almost a half-cylinder and then hardened risueño did not know if curved plates were used in 1915 or not until latter after acquisition of new presses i have a copy of the 1913 proposal by thomas macdonald to the chilean government for equipping the casa de moneda it included rotary engraved presses and machinery to curve the plates the plate numbers were formatted as a 1-3 digit number followed by a dot or a colon dot probably should have been hyphen a zero and another usually one digit number the first number is a current number given to all plates made regardless whether they are for postage stamps fiscal stamps bonds banknotes etc starting with number 1 during the first half of 1933 the second number is also a current one but it starts with 1 for each new type of stamp bond or bank-note made the chile specialist no 58 page 13 of 23


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a 1941 visit to the casa de moneda continued ross towle showed me that the first plate made under this system was a 1p impuesto with the inscription 1-04 so the second number actually repre sented the 4th engraved 1p impuesto plate and the first three were produced before the new method of plate inscription was implemented risueño saw the panes from the following plates at the museum of the casa de moneda presidentes 40c 4-01 50c 24-02 1p 10-01 2p 99-02 mayo 1936 5p 8-01 10p 9-01 7-vi-33 almagro 1p 87:01 n 1935 1.20p 88:01 11-nov-1935 2p 91:01 dic 35 5p 86:01 oct 1935 10p 90:01 dic 35 present set 1p 132-01 29 abril 1938 1.80p 136-02 mayo 1938 2 p 137-01 5p 135-01 mayo 1938 10 p 139-01 julio 1938 he also had the following plate numbers in his collection presidentes 40c 34-02 impuesto 1p 56-022 2 marzo 1p 79-029 dic 1934 2p 77-05 nov 1934 2p 29-03 airmails 20c 65-01 jul 1934 4 p 50-01 27-diciembre-1933 i also notice you have of the present set the 1.80 with plate no 133-01 i would never have supposed even though it is a much used value that two plates would be needed simultaneously for this stamp he had referred in the third person to palmer earlier and to bonilla later purves may have been the you referred to block of 40c international airmail stamps showing mirror image of plate number the first number signifies the 193rd engraved plate since the method of record keeping started in 1933 the second number 2 which is separated from the first by a colon signifies the 2nd 40c engraved international airmail plate the plate notation is also described by vamos chile newsletter 1988 1125 5254 who thought the method started as early as 1918/19 and west chile news 2001 iv76 677 who thought the second number was used to account for different dies being used for multi-colored stamps offset stamps offset stamps were printed using a curved zinc cylinder which had 200 two panes of 100 or 50 positive impressions the zinc cylinder transferred ink to a rubber cylinder which then printed the stamps he mentioned that there also were lithography machines but thought they had never been used for stamps he described two photographic methods for producing the cylinders i don`t think these methods were used for the presidentes before the correos de chile issues the the chile specialist no 58 page 14 of 23


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a 1941 visit to the casa de moneda continued older method which he said was used for the 1932 bernardo o`higgins stamp first photographed an enlarged design then 10 copies were made and arranged in a 5x2 block the block was photographed and 10 or 20 copies made which were arranged to form a cliché the cliché was then transferred to the zinc-cylinder the more modern method used a step and repeat photographic machine to produce a cliché one subject at a time a cliché was pane of glass coated with colodium gelatine or some similar material when a cliché was not completely free of grease the coating would slip and produce folds which sometimes would tear workers ignored minor faults but would wash off the coating and start over when necessary risueño thought that such faults could be used to plate the 40c almagro stamp cliché flaws could result in flaws similar to transfer flaws found on the lithograph 5c colon of 1854 caused by folds or tears in the transfer paper however if a fold occurred in the coating of the glass before exposure to the design the fold would show as a flaw often in the form of a line on the plate produced photographically from the cliché and the resulting printed stamp but the linearity of the border would not be affected he thought that the steel plates used for engraved stamps could not be reused while the zinc cylinders could be erased and reused he also mentioned that offset marginal inscriptions are positive for offset compared to inverse for engraved printings offset marginal inscriptions were comprised of 4 fields separated by hyphens the first entry was a two or three digit cylinder number since cylinders were recycled the same number can be found on different stamps the second field was one or two letters standing for the issue he listed s for salitre p for postal or presidente so for seguro obrero and i for impuesto he did not know the purpose of the third field and had only seen it as a 1 the last field was the plate number for the particular stamp he saw the following inscriptions on nitrate issue panes at the casa de moneda 5c 129-s-1-1 right margin 10c 97-s-1-1 right margin 15c 36-s-1-2 left margin 25c 36-2-1-1 right margin 70c 155-s-1-1 left margin 10p 157-s-1-1 unknown margin he also had the following inscriptions in his collection 5c 155-s-1-3 right margin 15c 36-s-1-2 left margin and 25c 36-s-1-1 right margin he also had a loose margin thought to be right of the second type 15c correos de chile presidente which was 106-p-1-2 1p presidente showing plate number notation the first number signifies cylinder number 203 the letter p is for presidente the significance of the third number is unknown the forth number signifies that this was the first offset plate produced for the 1p frame since this notation system began there may also have been a plate number for the engraved vignette the chile specialist no 58 page 15 of 23



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