The Chile Specialist nº 54


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3nd Quarter 2003 - 18 pg.

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the chile specialist the official newsletter of the chile specialist association 3nd quarter 2003 no 54 editor · charles p blickle · 511 moss ave · clearwater fl 33759-3432 · publisher · carlos vergara · editor emeritus · leland crane · what is going on by pete blickle first of all congratulations to our chilean friends who celebrated their country s independence day on sept 18 and also to our friend bill lenarz whose birthday is on the same glorious date some of you were able to make it to the aps show in columbus in august and for those who did it was a wonderful time i enjoyed seeing many collectors and friends including ross towle carlos vergara frank delzer jim hunt parker sams and brian moorhouse see member news for exhibit award announcements i received an email from jim hunt who is now searching for bugs in germany who wanted to make sure we spread the word that the 2006 st louis stamp expo will be an all-latin america show please note that the date for this show has been changed to february 24-26 2006 because of a date change of the nyc mega event start planning now to show your chilean material one-framers and/or multi-frame exhibits we have also received notice of the 2006 international stamp show in washington dc to be held late may through early june of 2006 it is not too early to start planning for both of these events ok maybe a little early carlos and i would like to thank those of you who communicate with us about the specialist and who send in articles without your contributions you would see a lot more articles by me more than you would ever want to we hope you enjoy this issue contents what is going on by pete blickle member news editor s notes cover of the quarter by pete blickle the quilpue oval postmark by emmerich vamos ar by ross a towle chile to europe during wwii by john c west 1943 lan tariffs by ross a towle the chile specialist no 54 page 1 of 18 page page page pages pages pages pages 1 2 3 4-6 7-13 14-16 17-18


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member news misc congratulations to two chile specialist members won awards for their exhibits at aps s stampshow 2003 the august show in columbus ohio james hunt won a gold medal for his bolivia-transacciones sociales impuestos internos and related provisionals 1868-1945 exhibit t s hale received a vermeil for his one-frame exhibit entitiled auxiliary markings used by u.s censorship to identify privileged mail to and from chile congratulations also to member alvaro pacheco whose exhibit the pre-philatelic postmarks of chile not only won a gold at the philadelphia national stamp exhibition in september but was also awarded both the aps pre-1900 award and the aps research award editor s notes john west s article about panam s wartime service across the atlantic in this issue is a correction of his article in october s chile news which many of you subscribed to the chronology of chilean airmail service who flew what to where and when may be a topic of some interest and will be pursued at a later date in fact north atlantic airmail service was the subject of discussion among ross towle frank delzer and myself during an enjoyable dinner at the aps show carlos vergara brian moorhouse and his wife mimi were also at the dinner but i don t remember them being particularly interested in the subject both ross towle and dr eduardo madsen were nice enough to answer my query several issues ago as to who flew the airmail from santiago to buenos aires argentina ba to connect with the lati flights to europe after dlh ceased flying in 1939 the last dlh southbound flight was l481 departing frankfurt thursday 24-08-39 and arriving in santiago on monday 28-08-39 the last northbound flight l 482 due to depart santiago wednesday 30-08-39 was cancelled the last northbound air france flight was 2 july 1940 linee aeree transcontinentali italiane lati began operations between italy and south america rio de janeiro brazil on 21 december 1939 and extended its route to ba in september 1941 condor a brazilian subsidiary of dlh continued to fly from rio to ba to santiago and carried airmail bound for europe via lati until december 7 1941 when lati ceased flying the advantage of using lati was that the mail was not censored by the british soon after december 7 1941 condor became a brazilian airline and brazil entered war on the side of the allies for those of you who would like to add to your knowledge of ars avis de reception after reading ross towle s article on chilean ar covers the book ar avis de reception by david handelman is available for c$25.69 plus postage for information on payment options and postage costs you can contact david handelman mathematics department university of ottawa ottawa on k1n 6n5 canada by snail mail or or by email this book was reviewed by joe hahn on page 187 of the february 2003 issue of american philatelist the chile specialist no 54 page 2 of 18


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cover of the quarter by pete blickle this quarter s innocuous entry first caught my eye for the 2-centavo fiscal used as postage on further inspection we have mr hart s corner card procrastination is the thief of time the tarjeta postal is postmarked 8-ago-13.3pm valparaiso maritima and sent to mr perry at the isthmian canal commission the canal was nearing completion the message on the back of the card is dated august 8,1913 and reads in part dear sir in reply to yours dated feb 14 1912 highlight by ed under separate cover two questions arise from this card the first being just what does mr hart consider procrastination 18 months the second question is that if the rate at the time for postcards was 8-centavos why did an accountant overpay by 4-centavos unanswered these questions would certainly preclude mr hart doing any accounting for me the chile specialist no 54 page 3 of 18


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the quilpue oval postmark by emmerich vamos in his original article published in chile filatelico many many years ago mr porter introduced a theory as to where and when the oval postmarks with the names of cities on the la calera-valparaiso railroad line were applied to the covers this raises the question whether they should be considered as railway postmarks ambulancias a contemporary cover which was sleeping in my collection for a long time figure 1 front and figure 2 back may shed more light on the subject and may generate more discussion helping us to find a definitive answer to this unsolved matter the chile specialist no 54 page 4 of 18


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the quilpue oval postmark continued since publishing the traveling post offices of chile not much has be written about ambulancias the only addition to the subject was a photo showing an ambulancia railway car in the station in valdivia in 1911 documentation is still needed on certain postmarks and their relation to the traveling post offices such as the boxed tren and the oval postmarks of quillota san fco de limache quilpue and viña del mar concerning the oval postmarks mr porter did not connect them to be ambulancias and gave an explanation in his article there are no reasons to think that they are marks used on ambulancias but until a better explanation arises i consider that they were applied at the respective railway stations to letters posted there and which didn t pass through the ordinary post office at the town of origin we have seen oval postmarks from cities on the la calera-valparaiso line only on loose stamps but not on postally-used covers this may explain why there is no time period given for these postmarks in the postmarks of valparaiso by michael rego and prof john c west quilpue is indicated used in 1889 but it must be noted that this data was taken from the cover in fig 1 and fig 2 which was posted in curico south of santiago with quilpue as the destination it bears the oval quilpue postmark from this cover i think a better explanation can be given as to the origin of the postmark this may be not the best and final thought but it at least is an alternate explanation disproving mr porter s theory the letter was posted in curico fig 1 and was received in santiago on 28 feb 1889 with the oval quilpue postmark fig 2 the fact that the letterhead of the cover is of a company in valparaiso should not bother us since if the letter was sent from valparaiso to quilpue there would be no santiago reception handstamp dates and curico are absolutely clear i propose that as the train advanced from curico to santiago the mail was collected from the railway stations the tpo employee in the tpo car separated those designated for santiago from those with destinations to the north and to valparaiso there is absolutely no reason to think that the oval postmarks were applied on the covers already on the curico-santiago run mail from the other railway lines addressed to post offices on the valparaiso line was collected in santiago this mail was then delivered to the tpo or just to the railway car bound for valparaiso in addition in la calera the same tpo received mail from the north from the llayllay-los andes line and from argentina here in la calera or on the tpo car the tpo employee formed the definitive batches of cards and letters with destinations to the cities between la calera and valparaiso once the batches were ready the tpo employee marked the top cover of each batch with his oval postmark the designated railway station handed over the mail to the waiting postal employee like mr porter until an even better explanation occurs i consider my theory that the oval postmarks were applied to the covers either in la calera or by the tpo employee on the train bound to valparaiso to be very close to the truth supporting my theory is the absolute scarcity of covers even loose stamps with the oval postmarks we have not seen others on the market and they must have been in use for a very short time the chile specialist no 54 page 5 of 18


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the quilpue oval postmark continued i did not have to wait long for another possible explanation provided by mr jorg maier his opinion is accompanied by a similar cover which is shown in fig 3 below with an oval sn fco de limache cancel obliterating the indicia on the front demonetizing the postal stationery envelope in addition there are two circular datestamps on the back one from limache and the other from san francisco de limache both applied on the cover on the same day mr maier does not believe that any of the oval postmarks are related to ambulancias or any other railway usage and leans towards mr porter s explanation they are simple receiving postmarks used somewhere in the cities at the railway station or in the post office neither of the two covers shown in this article provide a definitive answer and we are no closer to the truth than we were 50 to 60 years ago without proof anything is possible thus i will not continue discussing the possibilities mentioned by mr porter and mr maier here my commentary goes toward the cover addressed to mr enrique de la fuente he was a wellknown philatelist who lived in limache and made many diabluras filatelicas philatelic pranks as remembered by don victor vargas and baron welczek i can imagine sr de la fuente preparing for himself a very nice self-addressed not cacheted philatelic souvenir using the canceling devices furnished by an employee or by the postmaster of the two post offices the distance between the two towns is only eight miles an afternoon trip it is really a beautiful and rare souvenir other than the addressee should not be sr de la fuente from limache in philatelic terms this cover may have been another small diablura of sr de la fuente the oval postmarks can be found on loose stamps on the front of one cover and on the back of another a third cover could bring us closer to the secret of this philatelic puzzle any help making this connection will be appreciated ar the chile specialist no 54 page 6 of 18


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by ross a towle ar is the abbreviation for the french phrase avis de recéption which translates to notice of delivery or aviso de recibo in spanish the intent of this service is to provide proof to the sender that the registered item was received the law of 16 november 1874 and its 1856 predecessor are the base of the postal regulations for 70 years the law of 1874 provides for domestic registration the domestic registration fee was 10 centavos for every 50g or fraction with a maximum fee of 50 centavos domestic ar service was part of the domestic registration fee the guia postal de chile para el comercio edited by vicente m cubillos and published in 1888 or 1889 gives some details on how the ar process worked for chile cuando el objeto sea dirijido al interior del pais dicho recibo puede canjearse dentro del terminio de tres meses por el sobre firmado por el destinario o las misma pieza si no hubiera sido entregada respecto a las piezas destinadas al estranjero el procedimiento es diferente cuando no haya sido entregado al destinario se puede canjear el objeto por el recibo dentro del termino de seis meses pero si el remitente quiere tener constancia de que la pieza ha sido entregada a su respectivo destinario debe agregar al franqueo 5 centavos mas y exijir que se esprese esta condicion en el recibo que se la da en la oficina dicho recibo puede canjearlo por el aviso dentro del termino de 6 meses domestic registered mail would be signed by the recipient and this envelope would be returned to the originating post office the sender could exchange his receipt of service figure 1 for the signed envelope thus domestic ar was a part of the domestic registration fee if the sender availed himself of the exchange figure 2 next page is an example showing the signature on the recipient on the front of a registered envelope this means that the registered envelope was not kept by the recipient but by the post office unless the sender made the exchange this explains why 19th century domestic registered mail is so hard to find figure 1 1893 domestic registration receipt ar continued the chile specialist no 54 page 7 of 18


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figure 2 1891 domestic registered letter international ar service worked differently while registered mail could be sent under the chile-germany postal treaty of 1874 effective 1 jan 1875-30 march 1881 there was no provision for ar service chile joined the upu effective 1 april 1881 the paris upu convention effective 1 april 1879 required members of the upu to offer ar service on international registered items at a flat fee of at most 25 french gold centimes when chile joined the upu it set the international registration at 10 centavos and ar at 5 centavos the paris upu convention had the international ar form prepared at the office of origin and mailed separately from the registered item the paris convention also had a provision for missing or damaged ar forms ­ they were to be replaced at the destination office by their own ar forms the sender of international ar mail would exchange his receipt of service for a completed form proving delivery of the registered item the vienna upu convention effective 1 july 1892 but not ratified by chile until 8 december 1893 made major changes to the way ar mail was handled first the ar form was prepared at the destination office this means that chilean international ar forms would now be used only on ar sent to chile second the convention required that the letter intended for ar service should be so marked with ar i propose that the famous 1894 gillet 5 centavos ar stamp was prepared as a result the catalogo especializado chile 2000 needs to change the comment for this listing of this stamp the chile specialist no 54 page 8 of 18


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ar continued chile returned completed forms in preprinted envelopes figure 3 i have examples in red buff and gray in my collection i have not seen an example of a 19th century chilean ar form i would assume that the form is a sheet of paper figure 3 1898 envelope used to return completed ar form to the usa remember that the registration rate for domestic mail was based upon weight while international registered mail was a flat fee a decree of 21 may 1897 unified domestic and international registration and ar services domestic and international registration was set at a flat 10 centavos domestic and international ar was set at 5 centavos since the stated purpose of this decree was to bring the domestic and international services into uniformity does this mean that the practice of using signed registered envelopes as ar was discontinued was a domestic ar form produced i would assume so the washington dc upu convention effective 1 january 1899 and approved by chile on 31 december 1898 reversed part of the vienna upu convention the ar form was prepared at the originating office it was to be attached to the letter by a strong string the chile specialist no 54 page 9 of 18


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ar continued the earliest chilean ar form i have seen is in figure 4 this is a replacement usage where the ar form was lost somewhere along the way to chile in chile the post office used a chilean form note the printed year is 190 and hand changed to 1918 this would indicate that the ar service was not used that frequently figure 4 1918 ar form some countries switched from paper sheet forms that needed to be returned in envelopes to cards in 1923 the cards would be attached to the registered letter i do not know when chile made the switch to cards figure 5 next page shows an example of an ar card used in 1947 the regl art refers to article 26 in the upu convention no 2 refers to the section within the article c 6 is the upu designation of the form form no 120 is the chilean number of the form the card mimics the example form in the detailed regulations for the execution of the upu convention the chile specialist no 54 page 10 of 18


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ar continued figure 5 1947 ar card front and back the chile specialist no 54 page 11 of 18


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ar continued the international ar cards were also used for domestic ar as seen in figure 6 figure 6 1931 domestic usage of international ar form notice that the fee for the ar service for figures 5 and 6 were applied to the card this is not always the case as in figure 7 where the ar fee is included in the postage on the envelope figure 7 1929 domestic ar 15c domestic postage 30c registration and 30c ar fee the chile specialist no 54 page 12 of 18


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ar continued the last example i will show is a privately produced ar form used during 1962 fig 8 figure 8 1962 private domestic ar form i would like to thank carlos vergara and bill lenarz for many of the examples used to illustrate this article information about the rates for registration and ar service can be found in my book postal rates of chile 1766-1959 which will be available shortly from chilecollector if you are interested in learning more about ar in other countries i highly recommend the book by david handelman titled ar avis de reception published in 2002 ed.note see page 2 for ordering/contact information the chile specialist no 54 page 13 of 18


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chile to europe during wwii by john c west in the last issue of the chile news october 2002 i wrote an article about the pan american airways service across the atlantic during world war ii and i got it wrong i had been doing some research on the initial efforts of both pan american airways and imperial airways because panam started weekly atlantic crossings from may 20 1939 via the azores and lisbon followed on june 24 by a northern route via newfoundland and eire i assumed which is fatal that the atlantic crossing was available to mail from chile via miami and new york right from the beginning the weekly service was kept up throughout the whole of the second world war period i am grateful to ross towle for writing to me personally in a very kind manner to point out the error sadly chile news is no more or i would have published ross letter of correction he has graciously given me permission to write again using his research and some of this work on rates the facts were there for me to recognize if i had only looked at the rates the important point is that from may 1939 until september 1942 panam did not carry any chile mail to europe the air france service across the south atlantic terminated at the end of june 1940 and lati taking over from lufthansa finished at the end of december 1941 at which time until september 1942 chile mail to europe had to suffice with a seacrossing from new york these can be identified by the fact that the rates are a combination of surface to europe and air supplement to the usa figure 1 is an example from during this period fig 1 cancellation 22 jan 1942 surface rate to europe $1.80 top right hand stamp and air supplement only to new york $7.60 u.s censorship not visible on left hand side is no 1923 used at miami the chile specialist no 54 page 14 of 18


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chile to europe during wwii continued in the bad weather conditions from september 1942 until april 1943 panam had a southerly route which kept varying in detail to the east coast of south america and across to bolama portuguese guinea in west africa and up to lisbon they accepted mail from chile coming up the east coast examples of this are not common and because no markings other than the initial cancellation were employed a wartime precaution even for registered mail it is not possible to verify any route only the high air rate gives any clue as shown in figure 2 fig 2 cancellation 17 oct 1942 surface to europe $1.80 and air supplement to europe $15.60 for a total of $19.20 the sender has given a proposed route but the u.s censor no 2896 is at puerto rico continued the chile specialist no 54 page 15 of 18



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