The Chile Specialist nº 68


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3rd & 4th Quarter 2007

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11 the chile specialist the official newsletter of the chile specialist association 3rd 4th quarter 2007 no 68 the chile specialist association is an affiliate of the american philatelic society editor · charles p blickle · 511 moss ave · clearwater fl 33759-3432 · publisher · carlos vergara · editor emeritus · leland crane · what is going on by pete blickle on page 13 of the december 3 2007 linn s stamp news a new aps affiliate is announced the peru philatelic study circle affiliate no 258 for those whose collecting interests cross the border this group may be of interest membership is free you can visit the study circle online at sescal 2008 in los angeles october 9-12 2008 is going to be a fiaf/wsp show with fiaf congress although a number of details are to be worked out they will exhibit about 450 frames and will award 8 medal levels large gold gold large vermeil vermeil etc getting a large vermeil or better will qualify the exhibitor for 8 frames at a fip show this has been in the works since the colombia fiaf show in 2007 and has received the aps board go-ahead with tons of details to work out what do you think about having a meeting of the chile specialist association meeting contents what is going on by pete blickle page 1 member news page 2 exhibit news page 3 cover postal stationery of the quarter pages 4-5 they don t build them like they used to by pete blickle page 6 the 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc by bill lenarz pages 7-12 the 1936 chile olympic committee cinderella by carlos vergara pages 13-14 daguin cancelling machine in chile by ross a towle pages 15-18 centenary of derek palmer s birth by carlos vergara page 19 the aerial tramway sewell to caletones by pete blickle page 20 early mourning cover by art bunce page 21 juan de dios cordero photographer by carlos vergara pages 22-25 early use of 1 centavo presidente printed by abnc by william h lenarz page 26 more german consulate in chile seals by carlos vergara pages 27-28 return to sender etiquettes of chile revisited by ross a towle page 29 stray dots on the bulnes servicio del estado overprinted issue o25 pages 30-32 end of the year luncheon at the sociedad philatelica by richard eldridge page 33 the rare phenomenon of triple ambulancias by richard eldridge pages 34-38


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member news welcome to new member dr robert g schnell 4800 n.e 20th terrace fort lauderdale fl 33308 ph 954 565-4201 email collecting interests chile surcharge airmail issue other airmail of bolivia nicaragua uruguay new address for member james h hunt 720 gorman st apt o-14 raleigh nc 27606 email please keep us informed if your address or any contact information changes publisher s note we are always happy to receive articles or submissions from a broad spectrum of our membership if you have anything of interest you know you do special finds questions or stamps or covers to share­ on any aspect of chilean philately­ please let us know thanks the chile specialist no 68 p 2 of 38


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exhibit news congratulations to the following chile specialist members who won awards for their exhibits we know this represents a lot of work congrats to each of you our apologies to any not included send us your exhibit news exposiciÓn filatelica interamericana bogotÁ 2007 colombia patricio aguirre w large vermeil marcas postales adicionales a la obliteracion chile 1853-1920 heinz junge w el servicio consular de chile 1907-1989 large vermeil vermeil vermeil silver eduardo paulsen i provisionales aéreos chilenos 1928 ­ 1934 martín urrutia m correspondencia libre de porte 1835-1900 patricio aguirre w pacific steam navigation company 1842-1853 exposiciÓn filatÉlica perÚ espaÑa lima perÚ december 2007 eduardo paulsen large vermeil provisionales aéreos chilenos 1928-1934 5 marcos heinz junge servicio consular de chile large gold vermeil silver gold vermeil large gold winepex 2008 rodrigo bravo heinz junge vitrales sellos primeras emisiones y primera dentada de chile en documentos oficiales patricio aguirre w pacific steam navigation martín urrutia correspondencia libre de porte 1835 ­ 1900 ross towle chile postal cards and envelopes 1872-1929 bill lenarz napex 2007 richard eldridge soldier s mail camp alger virginia 1898 gold and the grand 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc see p 30 for his article vermeil vermeil balpex 2007 richard eldridge the evolution of railroad post office cancellations and markings of chile 1894 ­ 1911 richard eldridge vermeil the evolution of railroad post office cancellations and markings of chile 1894 ­ 1911 the chile specialist no 68 p 3 of 38


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cover postal stationery of the quarter by heinz junge some time ago i archived an image found on line of a meter cancel on an apparently used postal post card sent from casa forestier casilla 191-v in valparaiso this parcel card has no indicia or value thus is clearly not officially issued by the post office the rate is paid with meter f57 which i have registered as having been used in 1969 i have now obtained a copy of this parcel card it is a privately printed parcel post card printed on only the front side in a deep violet color interestingly enough the design is a reproduction of chile parcel post card be29a specialized chile catalog 2006 printed in 1952 by talleres de especies valoradas the chilean mint that card shows the bust of lara valued $4 in deep orange the a means that the text below the lastra bust has a fine line left and right of the word reembolso the chile specialist no 68 p 4 of 38


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cover postal stationery of the quarter continued on the illustrated card the value and bust have been omitted looking carefully we can see that the sender s information has been printed directly on the original before producing additional copies note the lettering in both examples additional text has been added at the bottom en caso de no ser retirada la encomienda sirvase dovolveral al remitente no enviar a rezago art 18 segun oficina de encomiendas translation in the event the parcel goes unclaimed please return to sender do not send to unclaimed department art 18 according to parcel offices what is the reason for this additional text casa forestier was and still is a well-known dealer of photographic merchandise the firm sold imported items to retailers the trading volume being significant they printed their own parcel post forms which apparently the post office accepted additionally the footnote was important as the parcels contained valuable photographic items thus the firm was concerned with their return if and when delivery was impossible this parcel form was found by checking remnant lots sold by the postal museum in 1974 the payment needed is indicated in the upper right corner e 2,50 the stamps are affixed on the backside and postmarked in valparaiso june 3 1972 arriving at their destination at the santiago i office on the same day the parcel was released to casa loben in santiago june 5 1972 after ad additional e 0,40 had been affixed and the parcel signed for the chile specialist no 68 p 5 of 38


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they don t build them like they used to by pete blickle in the october 2007 issue of the global stampnews pp 16-18 there is an interesting article fools or heroes expeditions visit cape horn by steve pendleton he describes the 1941 richardson pan american highway expedition detroit to cape horn and how three men drove a modified 1940 plymouth automobile from detroit to punta arenas using roads paths trains and boats to complete the journey and then a final leg by boat to navarino island covers of commemorating this trip exist but i do not think that they are common what i did not know is that the three men then made the return trip to detroit and strange as it may seem the car was driven throughout world war ii the article also describes the 1970 british trans-americans expedition from alaska to tierra del fuego as well as noting several other trips to the cape including the 1977 british kayak expedition where a group kayaked around the cape original postcard and cover from the collection of carlos vergara the chile specialist no 68 p 6 of 38


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the 20 centavos presidente printed by the american bank note company by bill lenarz i have been preparing a one-frame exhibit on the 20 centavos presidente printed by the american bank note company and decided to write this article to summarize what i have found out about the stamp material described in the article is from my collection unless noted otherwise background of the stamp ross towle the chile specialist 2004 no 58 reported that chile was interested in a stamp issue featuring its presidents and other famous persons in 1902 there were various decrees by the chilean government and proposals by printing firms but such stamps were not printed at that time however the idea did not die the interior ministry issued decree 1247 dated march 27 1909 asking for proposals to provide postage stamps for five years the stamps were to have images of columbus valdivia mateo de toro zambrano and the presidents of chile the name of the person was to be printed in small letters under the image the stamps were to be the size of similar values in current use the decree was not very specific regarding the number of denominations other than that the one through 50 centavos stamps would be small and one two and five pesos stamps would be large the decree also authorized submission of proposals and examples for the centenario issue the proposals with models were due by july 26 1909 an internal american bank note company abnc document in the collection of thomas kannegiesser tk ordered dies and proofs for the proposed issue april 27 1909 the order specifications for size followed the decree and called for 1 2 3 5 10 12 15 20 25 30 and 50 centavos and 1 2 and 5 pesos stamps a 10-peso stamp was added in different handwriting it called for the peso denominations to be in two colors and the other values in one color red indian red sic was specified as the color for the proposed 20 centavos stamp in addition to the name of the subject the order specified that text include chile correos the order listed sources including photos stamps from abnc sheets and banknotes for the images búlnes was specified as the subject for the 20 centavos stamp and the source was specified as the then current 10 peso bank note produced by abnc figure 1 figure 1 the effigy of bulnes was used as a model for the 20 centavos stamps comparison with the stamp shows numerous differences in details indicating that a pantograph was not used to produce the stamp die from the bank note die the chile specialist no 68 p 7 of 38


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the 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc continued the internal order did not go into details about the frame design however i have photos that were in an abnc record book of essays some of these essays appear to have been referred to by the internal order the order specified the vignette of columbus in the 20c stamp sheet #2 for the 1c essay and the vignette of errazuriz z in the 25c stamp sheet 2 for the 50c essay the designers may have used the oval center placements of the denomination and leaf like scrolls at the bottom sides of the center oval of the 5c stamp figure 2 as a guide for the frame figure 2 photos that were in an abnc record book of essays original essays are not known to exist dies a black die proof of the vignette is shown in figure 3 the original number c-346 was lined out and replaced with v 42624 the abnc renumbered and took proofs starting in 1924 to improve efficiency of its archiving system towle chile specialist no 61 2005 the original number is preceded by special indicating that abnc could not use the die without permission of the chilean government towle personnel communication figure 3 die proof of vignette at least two secondary dies appear to have been used in addition to the master die to prepare the frame dies of the centavos values figure 4 illustrates a proof of a non-denominated master die a small dot in the c of centavos of the proof also occurs in all issued centavo valued stamps except the 1c there are traces of a 2 to the left and right of the centavos tablet the 2 s are similar to but differently placed than the two s of the issued two centavos stamps a rectangle was added to top center the background grid of the rectangle is different for the 1 2 3 5 10 and 15c stamps four horizontal lines than the other centavos values three horizontal lines indicating that there were two secondary dies with the upper rectangle shading of the background and ornamental scrolls differs for each denomithe chile specialist no 68 nation examples of secondary die proofs with the upper rectangle are not known these probably were transfer dies and one may have been damaged requiring preparation of the second no proofs from transfer dies are known for any of the abnc presidentes figure 4 black proof of early state of nondenominated frame master die no other examples are known p 8 of 38


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the 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc continued usuall die numbers were preceded by a c but not the master frame die number 957 the next die in the numbering sequence was the 1c presidente stamp numbered c-958 the die for the 20c frame is numbered c-965 figure 5 figure 5 black die proof of final state of the frame the frame and vignette dies were conditionally approved august 25 1910 figure 6 there is a note on the approval proof accent over u in bulnes ok with correction thanks to ross towle the initials on the proof can be assigned to abnc officials frank w gullet fwg resident foreign sales manager wrote the note we have not found records of involvement of chilean officials in the approval process gullet may have shown the proof to a chilean official who requested the change a claxton cary jr a.c.c was an abnc vice president george h danforth g.h.d was the abnc secretary alfred s major asm was head of the engraving department major also initialed an approval proof dated september 29 1910 of just the frame with the correction figure 7 figure 6 approval proof in issued color we have not found documents changing the original specification of a single color to two colors the chile specialist no 68 p 9 of 38


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the 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc continued figure 7 approval proof of frame in issued color with correction it is dated september 29 1910 on the back orders and plates tk has an index card for the 20c stamp from the abnc archives the card was prepared during or after 1924 because it uses the original die numbering system and the system started in 1924 the card refers to two order numbers f2575 and f2597 it is known that f2597 refers to the order to produce the presidentes and probably plates and perhaps final dies dated july 7 1910 vamos 1991 chile news vol ii no 35 abnc documents in tk s collection indicate that f2575 refers to the order for at least the early states of the dies the card also attributes engraving of the border to seymour and the center to schlecht and notes that 200 subjects were transferred to border and center plates there were four orders for 20c stamps f2597 1,000,000 stamps july 30,1910 f3082 500,000 stamps october 24 1911 f3250 3,900,00 stamps april 22 1912 f4575 or f4576 1,000,000 stamps may 1915 vamos op cit and anonymous chile filatelico 1940 43/44 the dates are for receipt of orders not dates of printing the stamps were scheduled to be first released september 19 1911 at least two center plates were produced plate numbers and/or order numbers are often found in the upper or right selvage of the abnc presidentes i have a single stamp with a black 2 in the right selvage no other plate numbers have been recorded order numbers that are printed on the selvage appear to refer to the request for production of the plate because tk has a specimen block of 10 peso presidentes with order number f2597 printed and order number f3082 handwritten and rubberstamped on the upper selvage the first order number apparently refers to the order for the plate the second order number refers to the second order for 10 peso stamps 10/24/1911 the chile specialist no 68 p 10 of 38


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the 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc continued apparently new plates were not required and the original order number was not replaced by reengraving the selvage area of the plate there were no other orders for the 10 peso stamp my single stamp with plate number 2 also has order number f3250 printed in black on the upper selvage the number refers to the third order for 20c stamps specimens the abnc kept several panes from each order for its archives the stamps were punched and overprinted specimen to invalidate use as postage figure 8 the overprint ink for the first two orders is a reddish orange that is redder than the ink used to print the stamp a slanted serif font was used the device used for the second order may be different than the first the overprint is very blurred on specimens from the second order indicating a worn device a larger upright san serif font was used to overprint stamps from the third order in blue a smaller upright san serif font was used to overprint the fourth order in blue the punch used for the first three orders was dull resulting in ragged holes the intended shape of the hole probably was a circle a sharp punch was used for the last order resulting in well defined circular holes the specimens were sold at the september 1990 christies auction of the abnc archives a b c d figure 8 specimens from the abnc archives for each of the orders of 20c stamps dated a july 30 1910 b october 24 1911 c april 4 1912 and d may 1915 characteristics of issued stamps stamps were printed on non-watermarked paper from intaglio plates abnc used gauge 12 line perforators that were not very precise and most stamps are off center sheets were guillotined into two 100-subject panes the specialized catalog for chile filatelia chilena catalogo especializado chile 2006 sociedad filatelica de chile lists printing shade and gum varieties for the stamp intense orange and black with yellowish gum white gum reddish orange and black and orange and grey dates were not provided for these varieties my wife paget and i used the color charts of white color in philately 1978 the philatelic foundation and followed white s recommended procedure to determine shades of the specimens i chose to use the specimens because they supposedly were protected from changes due to light and other sources while in the archives we found that specimen frames from the first two orders mostly closely matched i-13-04 and specimens from the second two order matched i-1205 both are shades are reddish orange i-12-05 is slightly lighter and more colorful than i-1304 we noticed differences between stamps of each classified shade that were too subtle to cause classification into different shades centers of all of the stamps graded between 15 and 17 on white s chart and the very subtle shade differences seemed to be more related to amount of ink the chile specialist no 68 p 11 of 38


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the 20 centavos presidente printed by the abnc continued than to differences in the pigment ink pigment appeared to be slightly blacker for the first two orders than the second orders but differences did not seem great enough to merit use for classifying the stamps gum is more yellowish for stamps from the first two orders the only known major error is reported as inverted center it can be difficult to determine which color is printed first in multicolored stamps i have carefully examined the abnc presidentes under high magnification and concluded that frames were printed first thus it is correct to designate the error as inverted center i have examples with the yellowish gum and relatively dark frame of the first two orders and other examples of the whitish gum and relatively light frame of the last two orders this shows that inverts were released from at least two printings usages there wasn t much need for a 20 centavos stamp when it was issued september 19 1911 towle 2003 postal rates of chile chile collector 229 pgs the inter-departmental letter rate was 5 centavos and registration 10 centavos the upu letter registration and ar rates were 15 centavos however matters changed january 23 1912 when the inter-departmental rate increased to 10 centavos demand further increased september 1 1912 there is a typo in towle indicating that it was july when the upu letter registration and ar rates increased to 20c the large april 22 1912 order may have been in anticipation of the upu rate increase the 20 centavos stamp became a symbol of chile after the september 1 1912 upu rate increase as it was often used for foreign mail this use provided attractive covers with an interesting variety of rates and destinations for us to enjoy acknowledgements many thanks to thomas kannegiesser for sharing information from his collection and to paget lenarz and ross towle for their help and comments on the article the chile specialist no 68 p 12 of 38


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the 1936 chile olympic committee cinderella by carlos vergara often seen on ebay this cinderella was apparently prepared by the chilean olympic committee in preparation for the 1936 olympic games held from august 1st to 16th in berlin germany one of the challenges in collecting cinderellas is pursuing and finding them on cover after passing on several prepared and late usage examples i was fortunate to find this illustrated cover the reverse of the cover features a nice block of four of the cinderella just tied at the bottom left with a stuttgart reception cancel march 21 1936 note as well the german economic censorship geoffnet label the chile specialist no 68 p 13 of 38


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the 1936 chile olympic committee cinderella continued the front of the cover from santiago feb 27 1936 to stuttgart germany franked with a total of 4.70 paying 1.80 for the first 20 grams 1.10 for the second 20 grams or fraction and 1.80 for registration printed by litografia leblanc and with a 20ct value the assumption would be that these were sold to help raise funds for the chilean olympic team s expenses i have several full sheets of this label printed in a 10 x 10 configuration i will add plating this issue to the long list of philatelic things yet to accomplish the chile specialist no 68 p 14 of 38


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daguin cancelling machine in chile by ross a towle there is a mystery that has been open for a long time involving the daguin cancels of chile eugene daguin was a french inventor who developed a hand operated cancelling machine which was extensively used in france between 1884 and 1967 it would also be used by romania italy sweden belgium and austria in 1886 the chilean post office ordered two machines it is well known they arrived i have seen notes about it in the archivo nacional but what does the marking look like so far none have been reported daguin markings are duplex with a unique feature the distance between the center of the two markings is 28mm italy used two datestamps in its daguin machines france used a datestamp and slogan so the 1886 santiago daguin should have two markings with the characteristic 28mm distance between the centers i have been searching for over 20 years with no luck nothing showed up during the preparation of rego s book on the postmarks of santiago the daguin machine operates by pressing down on the front lever which causes the cancel to pass over the inking roller and travels down to postmark the letter/card the large overhead arm swivels such that the letter/card does not have to be in a specific location in 1898 there was a revival of the daguin machines and it appears that more machines were ordered concepcion iquique santiago and valparaiso started using daguin machines two examples of the machines may be found in the museum in the correo central on the plaza de armas in santiago figures 1 and 2 next page are the current state of the machines july 2003 the big overhead arm swivels on the base or it did until the museum attached an anchor to the base and area holding the markings the cancels used by chile have a datestamp and obliterator the datestamp is an outlined rectangle with the town name at the top and chile at the bottom the date is given in daymonth-year format except for one case the month is expressed in roman numerals the hour is in arabic numerals followed by am m for noon or pm in general the obliterator is a number of diagonal lines in an outline-less rectangle in two cases the interior of the obliterator has been replaced by a message the chile specialist no 68 p 15 of 38



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