The Chile Specialist nº 67


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2 nd. Quarter 2007

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the chile specialist the official newsletter of the chile specialist association 2nd quarter 2007 no 67 the chile specialist association is an affiliate of the american philatelic society editor · charles p blickle · 511 moss ave · clearwater fl 33759-3432 · publisher · carlos vergara · editor emeritus · leland crane · what is going on by pete blickle the aps ameristamp show 2008 will be in charlotte n.c it has been rescheduled from march 6th through 9th to january 11th through 13th so as not to conflict with the american stamp dealers association s 2008 spring show in new york for those of us in the east mid-east and mid-west it is not too early to start planning for this event either as an exhibitor or as a visitor or both its nice to see some new contributors providing articles of interest in this issue we urge the rest of you to share your special finds or favorites we know you have them in your collections contents what is going on by pete blickle member news cover of the quarter by pete blickle first circular date stamp of talca by parker c sams another 1915 revalued envelope essay found used by ross towle multada town hand stamps with the amount of tax by pete blickle thomas macdonald j a c harrison and bank notes by ross towle the traiguen-temuco mail route ­ 1894 by richard eldridge numbered train markings­ la serena to coquimbo by richard eldridge serena lineal marking in black by rodrigo bravo pasler page 1 pages 2-3 page 4 pages 5-6 page 7 pages 8-10 pages 11-12 pages 13-14 pages 15-22 pages 23-24 the chile specialist no 67 page 1 of 24


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member news welcome to new member don davies victoria house trews gardens kelvedon essex u.k co5 9aq ph 01376 573681 email collects chile colon imperts 1853-1867 cancellations 1867-1910 other state of victoria australia gb line engraved member address updates please make a note of these new or changed email addresses frank delzer david ditterich andrew telfer brunton show news napex 2007 was held in tyson s corner virginia 1-3 june 2007 there were 54 exhibits two of which by on of the members of the chile specialist association richard eldridge entered two exhibits a one-frame exhibit entitled soldier s mail ­ camp alger virginia 1898 and a fiveframe chile exhibit entitled the evolution of railroad post office cancellations and markings of chile 1894-1911 both exhibits were awarded vermeil medals the one-frame exhibit on camp alger was also awarded the american association of philatelic exhibitors aape award for creativity richard on left receiving vermeil medal for his five-frame chile ambulancia exhibit the chile specialist no 67 page 2 of 24


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member news continued let s take a moment to remember our good friend derek palmer on the centenary of his birth august 22 2007 catalogo especializado chile 2006 now available the long awaited chile 2006 catalog published by the sociedad filatelica de chile is now available in full color the massive 4-1/2 pound catalog is available for direct purchase from the sociedad this catalog is a must have for all chile collectors several members who have already received the catalog give it glowing reports both quality of printing and content get yours while they last pricing is as follows sofich members with paid up dues non members plus airmail dispatch to us/europe us 75.00 us 90.00 us 40.00 please contact the sociedad directly by email to place your order atn thomas kannegiesser the chile specialist no 67 page 3 of 24


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cover of the quarter by pete blickle i have been redoing my one frame testart exhibit and one of the recent additions is this cover that is interesting as it has the only fake over-printed correo aéreo pro-raza labels on cover that i have encountered there are several things that make me doubt if the cover has ever been flown first there is neither a back flap nor a reception postmark on the obverse of the cover every one of my testart complete covers i have some fronts has a reception postmark secondly the franking is 1-peso short of needed 3-pesos to cover the surface letter rate and the ultima hora surcharge that would be required for the 6-peso testart franking finally the only readable cancel that covering the 2-peso fake and the 2-peso santa maria appears different than the cancel covering just the santa maria at the bottom of the envelope i clipped an item from the bottom of page 5 of the spring 2005 the brookman times which i keep as a reminder as to how fakes are defined a fake is an item that has been altered a forgery is an item that has been manufactured to defraud a buyer a counterfeit is a forgery made to defraud a postal agency all testart stamps were affixed to the item to be mailed by a postal clerk in either santiago or valparaiso the revenue from the testart stamps was the fee paid to luis testart s compañia aeronavegacion sud-americana for flying the mail between the two cities given the circumstances i would classify the cover a forgery the chile specialist no 67 page 4 of 24


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first circular date stamp of talca by parker c sams figure 1 clerk s error apparently caused wrong year to be set 75 instead of 57 the circular date stamp on this folded letter mailed from talca to santiago with a 5-centavo second london stamp catalogo 2000 no 7 is unique in two ways most conspicuously is an error in the date of the year instead of 75 for 1875 as appears on the cover it should be 57 for 1857 see figure 1 the postal clerk obviously switched the slugs for 5 and 7 which is an easy enough mistake to make how is it known that it should be 1857 the full 26 oct 1857 date is found in a note on the cover sheet surface on an inside fold figure 2 a note that most likely was written at the same time the letter was but more importantly the style of the circular stamp itself is from the 1850s and not the 1870s a new design had appeared in talca by the mid-1860s figure 2 note on the cover sheet shows 26 oct 1857 the date the letter was mailed this talca example follows the same basic design of other first date stamps in chile which were introduced in 1853 in conjunction with the appearance of the first adhesive stamps they typically have the word chile missing a 23.5 mm circle a single ring and the months abbreviated a little differently than what s seen later on in this case obre for october the talca stamp is almost identical to first circular date stamps of santiago and valparaiso the chile specialist no 67 page 5 of 24


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first circular date stamp of talca continued even more interesting this date stamp as an example of the very first design used at talca appears to be something of a rarity regarding talca date stamps hugo v brinkgreve and john c west in the postal history of chile says two single circle date stamps were issued 25 aug 1855 and 8 nov 1859 which have not been seen apparently one of them now has been seen and because it is dated 1857 one from the very beginning concerning the note showing the full date below does anyone know what this is all about i m guessing that it is commercial notation of some kind the chile specialist no 67 page 6 of 24


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another 1915 revalued envelope essay found used by ross a towle i wrote about a used essay of the 1915 revalued envelope in the 3rd/4th quarter 2006 issue of the chile specialist thanks to brian moorhouse i can illustrate a second example the cover was mailed on the same day from puerto montt and while to a different town in germany to a person with the same last name and addressed in the same handwriting there is no return address on either cover some collector noticed the different revalue and indicated in pencil that it is not in catalog does anybody have another copy the chile specialist no 67 page 7 of 24


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multada town hand stamps with the amount of tax by pete blickle at ross towle s urging i finally opened up my book of multada town hand stamps with the amount of tax due and tried to make some sense of them the first task was to type them then i listed the examples by type by town by date dimensions of the strike and the amount of tax due along with any special notations including several additions to the list from ross and some from ebay listings the list has some 308 entries these include on cover on piece clipped from a cover and what i call sample strikes those showing just the town and amount on a piece of paper the amount of the tax appears either printed or in manuscript this article is a brief recap and i will be happy to email anyone the entire list upon request as it prints out to 10 pages type i this type is a single line circle and limited to andes los the dimension varies from 20 to 24 mm in diameter and usages run from june 1886 through april 1911 type i type ia this sub type is a single line circle and is the santiago recepcion multada illustrated in fig 5 on second page of the multas section of catalogo especializado chile 2000 the hand stamp is most predominately in red however violet and black samples exist on cover my list includes examples from october 1904 through september 1907 type ia type ii this is a single line rectangular hand stamp with concave corners i have only found it from santiago-1 and valparaiso-2 post offices used from february 1903 through may 1905 dimensions are about 22 x 16 mm slight variance can be due to inking and movement of the hand stamp type ii the chile specialist no 67 page 8 of 24


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multada town hand stamps with the amount of tax continued type iii this was widely used single line rectangle with convex corners the towns on my list include ancud antofagasta arica calera cauquenes chillan concepcion copiapo curico iquique lautaro linares melipilla osorno pisagua pto montt puerto montt punta arenas putaendo quillota s fco limache san carlos san javier santiago santiago recepcion santiago-1 santiago3 santiago-7 santiago-8 sta cruz tacna talcahuano temuco tocopillia traiguen valdivia valparaíso valparaíso-1 valparaíso-2 valparaíso3 and valparaíso-8 usages date from 1904 through 1983 with the predominate usage from 1912 through 1924 the most prevalent size is in the 29 x 20 mm range dimensions may differ because of location and inking type iii type iv type iv is a widely used single line oval hand stamp with on top and the town on the bottom locations include amb curico i talcahuano amb sn rosendo temuco antofagasta coloso coronel el arrayan estcion colico iquique islas de juan fernandez limache linares llaillai malpaso molina osorno pelequen penaflor pisagua puiu punta arenas quirihue rancagua san bernardo san clemente san felipe santiago-5 santiago-8 talca valparaíso valparaíso-1 valparaíso-8 villa alemana viña del mar and zapallar dimensions are in the 29 x 22 mm range usages run from april 1894 through may 1912 with one item on piece dated 1924 type iv type v solely used in valparaiso this single line oval with the town on top and multada on the bottom was the same or very similar to the hand stamp used for the first multa stamps in 1894 22 x 19 mm is the general size of the hand stamp and i have usages from 1875 through 1896 type v the chile specialist no 67 page 9 of 24


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multada town hand stamps with the amount of tax continued type vi this hand stamp is a double line oval with the town on top and multada on the bottom my examples are only used in concepcion and santiago in concepcion usages date from 1878 with centavos printed under the amount-the only example of this hand stamp i have seen through 1912 and in santiago from 1879 through 1905 24 19 x 17 x 11 mm is the general dimension of the hand stamp type vi type vi type vii this oval double line hand stamp with multada on top and the town on the bottom was another widely used hand stamp locations include ancud andes los antofagasta calbuco caldera carrizal bajo chillan constitucion copiapo coquimbo coronel curico iquique melipulli nacimiento ovalle pica san bernardo san carlos san fernando santiago santiago-1 santiago-2 santiago-6 serena la tacna talca talcahuano valdivia and viña del mar dimensions vary but a common size is 25 17 x 18 10 mm with larger sizes from the santiago-1 2 6 post offices usages run from 1882 through 1908 type vii type viii i have only one example of this triple line oval hand stamp with multada on top and the post office on the bottom it measures 35 23 x 21 10 mm and is on piece the post office is ad correos de arica type viii any additions to this list will be more than welcome the chile specialist no 67 page 10 of 24


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thomas macdonald j a c harrison and bank notes by ross a towle in previous articles in the chile specialist bill lenarz and i have covered various aspects of thomas macdonald and his firm in getting the especies valoradas established one area that has not been covered is bank notes the goal in establishing the especies valoradas was to create a security printing department capable of meeting the needs of the government of chile in producing bank notes postage stamps and so forth thomas macdonald and his firm was contracted to help establish the printing office since the dies and plates for producing the bank notes and postage stamps were the property of the american bank note co thomas macdonald needed to create new dies and plates he was able to hire j a c harrison to engrave various dies john augustus charles harrison was born in manchester uk on 5 august 1872 into a family of engravers his father was the famous line engraver samuel harrison he was apprenticed to his father and attended art classes in 1889 he was hired by waterlow brothers layton as an ornamental engraver sometime in the 1890s he decided to become a freelance engraver in 1939 he became a full time employee of waterlow sons and worked for them until his death in 1954 in 1963 his son h w p harrison donated die proofs for postage stamps engraved by his father to the british library they included die proofs for some presidente values in addition to those dies j a c harrison also engraved a die to be used on the reverse of bank notes in the ministry of foreign relations archive is a specimen of the reverse of a $10 bank note figure 1 figure 1 i would like to thank bill and paget lenarz for their searching of the ministry of foreign relations archives and the photo used in figure 1 the chile specialist no 67 page 11 of 24


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thomas macdonald j a c harrison and bank notes continued the center design was engraved by j a c harrison in a letter of 19 june 1917 to ambassador augustin edwards chilean ambassador to uk thomas macdonald described it as representative of the republic of chile and a modification from one of the nine muses introducing the cap of liberty with shield and star of chile he also said a photograph of miss jessie macdonald his daughter was used as the model for the head of the figure recently j a c harrison s die proofs for bank notes were sold one lot contained a number of die proofs for this center design figure 2 appears to be the earliest item in the lot notice the lack of shading in the shield and the lack of clouds figure 2 figure 3 is later in the process where the shield has shading and clouds have been added in figure 4 the clouds are slightly modified and the engraving has been strengthened figure 3 figure 4 in figure 5 the design is almost finished it has a pencil notation of 8-6-14 figure 6 figure 5 and finally in figure 6 the design has been squared off the chile specialist no 67 page 12 of 24


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the traiguen-temuco mail route ­ 1894 by richard eldridge in 1894 chile was rapidly settling the frontier areas in the far south as the government advanced its presence the post office was constantly adjusting to keep up for population centers served by the railroad the ambulantes rpo clerks transported the mail to and from those locations but to transport the mail to many small towns the post office established contracts with private individuals with carts or carriages to transport the mailbags the local postal administrator generally negotiated these contracts but the contract sent to santiago for approval by the postmaster general and the minister of the interior this article examines the shift in mail routes to temuco in early 1894 caused by the rapid rail expansion south a private carrier delivered the mail to and from temuco in 1893 the railroad reached as far as traiguen on one side and victoria on the other side originally the main longitudinal line was intended to go through traiguen and the second from renaico to victoria was to be a spur line but in the early 1890s the chilean government decided to reverse that decision and determined that the area south of victoria was more conducive to the main line and the section from renaico to traiguen would be left as a spur see figure 1 in january 1894 there were established ambulancias from victoria to robleria first stop after renaico on the traiguen spur from talcahuano to traiguen and from angol halfway down the traiguen spur to san rosendo mail to and from temuco went through traiguen n san rosendo pacific ocean renaico traiguen victoria argentina temuco key established railroad jan 1894 railroad under contruction jan 1894 figure 1 n san in december 1893 the postmistress of rosendo traiguen doña modesta espinoza negotiated a renewal of the private pacific renaico mail contract between traiguen and ocean temuco the renewal was for a period of four months anticipating the opening of the victoria-temuco victoria traiguen section of the main longitudinal rail quino line the contract was with erasmo quillem acuña and he was required to carry the lautaro mail once a day between traiguen and temuco making stops at the temuco estafetas in quino quillem and key lautaro on the way see figure 2 for established railroad jan 1894 railroad under contruction jan 1894 this señor acuña would receive 495 mail route traiguen -temuco jan 1894 pesos a month the contract was signed on 31 december 1893 and figure 2 would take effect on 1 january 1894 the traiguen-temuco mail route ­ 1894 continued the chile specialist no 67 page 13 of 24 argentina


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the contract was forwarded to the postmaster general who approved it on 13 january 1894.1 the minister of the interior approved it for payment one week later on 20 january.2 this route not only served temuco but the three small estafeta contract postal workers at the small towns along the way one of the three lautaro was an actual station along the railroad under construction the other two would be close to the rail line once it was opened even though the contract was for only four months it was only needed for half that time the line opened in february 1894 on february 28 1894 the postmaster general rescinded the contract and brought the overland transport of mail to temuco to an end.3 from that point forward mail to temuco was done by rail the postmaster general made the formal appointment of an ambulante only two weeks later on 13 march 1894.4 the ambulante s route was from temuco to victoria and he was based out of the temuco post office he was paid $800 pesos a month for his services fairly standard for ambulantes of that period when he started his working conditions were extremely sparse the budgets of local postal administrators were extremely tight and any unplanned expenditure had to be approved by the postmaster general in santiago and by the minister of the interior for inclusion in the budget of the interior ministry and to authorize the local fiscal treasury to make the payment in april 1894 the postmaster general approved a request from the temuco postal administrator for a total of 27 pesos to purchase a table and chair for the ambulante from temuco to victoria and to buy a postbox buzón for the train stations at temuco and lautaro 5 the actual canceller for the ambulante came soon after that he was issued a single-circle canceller inscribed ambcia entre temuco y victoria the known dates of usage for this cancel are october 1894 to january 1896 in conclusion early 1894 was a period of change for mail service to and from temuco temuco began the year as a small sleepy town that received and dispatched its mail by private contract carriage coming from traiguen but by march 1894 temuco was on the operational main southern longitudinal rail line with a direct connection back to santiago and to the port of talcahuano as temuco grew and the rail line was extended further south the ambulante routes changed but temuco remained a major hub for mail out of the south this rail connection not only allowed temuco to grow and become a major city in the deep south but provided a fast and more efficient route for the transport of the mails letter no 101 from postmaster general to the minister of the interior 13 january 1894 chilean national archives ministry of the interior january 1894 v 1889 2 contract no 104 ministry of the interior dated 20 january 1894 chilean national archives ministry of the interior january 1894 v 1889 3 decreto no 1544 minister of the interior dated 26 april 1894 chilean national archives ministry of the interior april 1894 v 1892 4 letter no 1333 postmaster general to the minister of the interior dated 17 april 1894 summarizing salary changes to the budget chilean national archives ministry of the interior april 1894 v 1892 5 letter no 1036 postmaster general to the minister of the interior dated 21 march 1894 attached to the minister s approval dated 16 april 1894 chilean national archives ministry of the interior april 1894 v 1892 1 the chile specialist no 67 page 14 of 24


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numbered train markings ­ la serena to coquimbo by richard eldridge introduction there is an auxiliary marking numbering the trains found only one place in chile on the route between la serena and puerto de coquimbo the markings of 1st 2nd and 3rd train 1er 2o 3er tren are known to be scarce and little is known of their specifics the popular assumption was that this was an auxiliary marking applied in the post office of coquimbo similar to the oval ambulancia markings assumed to have been applied in the santiago post office however there are two other possible theories as to how and where these markings were used this article will examine known evidence and examples of these markings and will analyze the three possible theories of their usage background the rail line from puerto de coquimbo to la serena was inaugurated on april 29 18626 and the first train between coquimbo and serena ran on december 28 1862.7 it is13 kilometers long and from available information there were no station stops along this line at this copiapo pacific time see figure 1 to date a ocean schedule or timetable for this route from the 1890s has not been found huasco from these markings it is safe to assume there were at least three runs vallenar daily argentina serena co q uimbo figure 1 primer tren the mark for the first train consists of the words 1er tren in a rectangular box 20.5 mm wide by 11 mm high see figure 2 one should note that the abbreviation for primer is the number 1 followed by a superscript er in small letters and underlined http and also http 7 http 6 the chile specialist no 67 page 15 of 24



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