The Chile Specialist nº 62

 

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3rd & 4th 2005 - 31 pág.

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the chile specialist the official newsletter of the chile specialist association 3rd 4th quarters 2005 no 62 the chile specialist association is an affiliate of the american philatelic society editor · charles p blickle · 511 moss ave · clearwater fl 33759-3432 · cblickle@worldnet.att.net publisher · carlos vergara · carlos@cvphoto.net editor emeritus · leland crane · llcrane@juno.com what is going on by pete blickle in the wake of hurricanes katrina and rita and others we are reminded how vulnerable we are to natures forces it is also a time to seriously consider insuring your stamp collection or any other collectibles you have if you have not done so there are agencies that insure collectibles and the cost is reasonable unlike riders on a homeowners policy while a loss of philatelic material cannot be replaced at least its value will be paid so you are in position to start again on page 922 of the october american philatelist joe hahn reviews steve pendletons robinson crusoe s islands a philatelic survey of chile s juan fernandez archipelago i have a copy of this 46-page spiral bound book and found it interesting and quite complete concerning cancels of juan fernandez as well as good examples of isla mas afuera stamps and usages if you have any interest in these islands this book is very worthwhile published by the author it is available for $15 plus $2 for postage us or $4 non-us address in us dollars by cash or check from stephen pendleton 3006 mary ave w visalia ca 93277 email spendl@peopleepc.com i hope you are making plans to attend the st louis stamp expo february 24-27 which will feature latin american material the chilean specialist association will have a meeting and we look forward to seeing many of you there st louis is centrally located and easily accessible so in the local vernacular yall come see details on next page contents what is going on by pete blickle member news cover of the quarter by pete blickle rapa nui by john brown transfer and position flaws of frame die state four of the locally printed 50 centavos chile correos presidentes by william h lenarz dangerous testart forgeries by ross a towle expo austral 2005 by alvaro pacheco images from expo austral 2005 the chile specialist no 62 page 1 of 31 page pages page pages 1 2 3 4 page page page page 5-19 20-23 24-25 26-31

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member news member address contact info updates please make a note of all the following changes corrections and updates to your the chile specialist association membership lists reminder new publisher membership address for the chile specialist association c/o carlos vergara 1107 s naperville rd wheaton il 60187 phone 630 682-0714 new mailing addresses luis f gimenez 4021 cloverland dr the chile special phoenix md 21131-2139 same phone and email new telephone number t.s hale 310 570-8959 meet us in st louis st louis stamp expo february 24-26 2006 will have an emphasis on latin america and the chile specialist association is one of the featured groups holding their annual convention at the show it will be our first annual conven tion but enough members are planning on exhibiting and attending that we will be sure to plan some must attend chilerelated activities let us know if you will be there so we may plan accordingly and keep you informed details regarding exhibiting hotels etc are available on the shows website www.stlstampexpo.org hope to see you in st louis the chile specialist no 62 page 2 of 31

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cover of the quarter by pete blickle i have seen but few covers flown during the last days of compañia aeronavegacion sud-america the condor crashed friday 16 march 1928 at 15:30 on take off from the club hipico turf in santiago on a flight to valparaiso the pilot aquiles garcia died from his injuries several hours after the crash the plane did not burn however it never flew again until recently the latest flight that i had or had seen was a 28 feb 1928 valparaiso cancel on a large envelope/piece with 3p in regular postage to pay the 1.50p surface rate for up to 300 grams 1.50p for the ultima hour fee for up to 300 grams and three 2p testart stamps to pay the airmail surcharge for this weight i have seen two of these covers/pieces i have the piece and the envelope is shown on the leaf-facing page 94 in the postal history of chile by hugo v brinkgreve and john c west the envelope is described large legal envelope folded valparaiso to santiago on last flight 28 feb 1928 the subject cover is canceled valparaiso 1 mar 1928 12 d and then a second cancel valparaiso 2 mar 1928 12 d with a reception back stamp santiago 2 mar 1928 4 pm the cover either missed the 1 march flight or the flight was cancelled 1928 was a leap year so there was a 29th of february which opens another can of worms was the date stamp properly set were the flights still daily i am now looking for a cover flown between 2 march and 15 march if anyone has one would you please let me know an observation concerning the 28 february covers is that they are company mail sent to casilla 3078 the postal box of compañia aero-navegacion sudamerica in santiago for those of us using the avoirdupois weight system 16 ounces per pound there are 28.35 grams per ounce therefore 300 grams is equal to 10.58 ounces the chile specialist no 62 page 3 of 31 finally i would like to thank dr eduardo madsen for the information from el mercurio concerning the 26 march 1928 crash of the condor.

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rapa nui by john brown pete apologizes to john that this article languished in a pile of papers for much too long i thought the readers might be interested in the copy of the following postcard as you can see it was a christmas greeting from a member of the medical expedition to easter island metei with a courtesy postmark 20 december 1964 under the 3c stamp and another postmark 11 february 1965 when the postcard finally went on its way to canada editor s note-this is a qsl card used for christmas greetings i have an unaddressed copy qsl card dated 11 february 1965 with the rapa nui cinderella and the 3c stamp but without the 2c airmail the other side of the card is shown below possibly a plat plan of the metei building overlaid on a map of rapa nui the chile specialist no 62 page 4 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four of the locally printed 50 centavos chile correos presidentes by william h lenarz introduction this is fourth of a series of articles on the 50 centavos chile correos presidentes transfer flaws of frame die states one two and three were described in previous articles the chile specialist 1998 no 36 1999 no 40 and 2001 no 49 as in the previous studies many of the stamps came from a brian moorhouse lot from the j r w purves collection in addition i recently purchased much material from hamish reid of london carlos vergara generously and patiently allowed me to study his 50c presidentes with servicio del estado overprints ross towle alerted me to an auction with a block of 40 that i subsequently won two ebay sellers provided scans of multiples with sufficient resolution for me to determine flaws and include in this study the study benefited from the very brief notes of purves and hamishs exhibit pages on the subject neither purves nor reid found all of the transfer flaws and purves did not complete his study of the stamp i benefited from discussions with ross towle his review of drafts of the article and from my readings of fundamentals of philately by l n williams 1990 having access to more than 600 copies of the stamp i decided to study position flaws in addition to transfer flaws i hoped that this would provide better clues to construction of plates than just a transfer flaw study since several categories of flaws are described i thought that i should describe the process of preparing plates and define each flaw category before proceeding a master die was used to produce a platelet of transfer dies that were used to produce subjects for the printing plate the workmen saved numerous operations by using the platelet of transfer dies instead of the master die to produce the subjects the master die could have been the original die used for manufacturing plates exhibiting die states i ii and/or iii and changed slightly to have the die state characteristics described below the master die could also have been a transfer die produced from the original die printers would often preserve the original die by only using it to produce a transfer die which would serve the purpose of master die for plate production the process of producing the platelet of transfer dies used for producing the subjects and the process of producing subjects from the transfer dies could have been mechanical lithographic and/or photographic original die master transfer transfer transfer transfer transfer die i die ii die iii die iv die v die transfer platelet subject 1 subject 6 subject 2 subject 7 subject subject 3 4 subject subject 8 9 plate subject 5 subject 10 the chile specialist no 62 page 5 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued there is a die state flaw that is found on every copy from the master die that was used to produce a set of transfer dies used to produce subjects for the printing plates each transfer die has one or more transfer flaws that are found on each subject produced from the transfer die i found that in some cases two or more subjects from a transfer die also shared one or more flaws that were not found on other subjects from the same transfer die these are called transfer state flaws finally each subject has a set of one or more position flaws found on every stamp printed at that position this article describes and illustrates the die state flaw and transfer and transfer state flaws but because of the large number of position flaws found 179 does not describe or illustrate those also the article only presents brief descriptions of transfer state flaws i have provided carlos vergara with a cd with transfer state and position flaw descriptions and illustrations the stamps were perforated with a comb perforator that had one horizontal row and eleven vertical columns of pins i observed that some of the perforator pins were obviously bent because some perforations were out of alignment i reasoned that if there was a consistent pattern of misaligned pins i would be able to use this information to determine the column of each stamp this article presents the results of my examination of perf alignments chile issued the stamps in 100 subject panes i have not found historical documentation on the number of panes per plate nor the number of plates the results of this study give insight towards resolving the number of panes and plates results description of die state iv die state iv figure 1 is distinguished from all other states by an indentation in the lower right side of the o of centavos the chile specialist no 62 page 6 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued transfer types i found what appeared to be 11 transfer types since individual flaws are sometimes obscured by cancels or poor printing i attempted to find up to three flaws for each transfer type but could not always find that many transfer type i figure 2 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 three dots of color in e of centavos 2 green dot in bottom margin below right 5 3 break in shading to left of right upright of h of chile transfer type ii figure 3 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 break in left border of lower right ray of right star 2 green dot in e of chile 3 green projection from left side of white border of bottom rectangle the chile specialist no 62 page 7 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued transfer type iii figure 4 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 green dot in left upper margin 2 break in oval green line under or of correos 3 green dot in lower margin below e of centavos transfer type iv figure 5 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 break in shading line to left of upper ray of right star 2 white dot in shading to right of left rectangle next to middle of top left leaf 3 break in shading line southeast of lower right ray of right star the chile specialist no 62 page 8 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued transfer type v figure 6 transfer flaw that occurs on all subjects from this transfer 1 green blob in lower lobe of upper right leaf transfer type vi figure 7 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 break in horizontal shading northeast of right star 2 break in horizontal shading above right star just below top border transfer type vii figure 8 transfer flaw that occurs on all subjects from this transfer 1 green dash in from green oval into white oval to right of s of centavos the chile specialist no 62 page 9 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued transfer type viii figure 9 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 break in horizontal shading left of left bottom ray of right star 2 weakness in shading below horizontal bars below correos transfer type ix figure 10 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 break in left most vein of left lobe of upper right leaf 2 fine white line connecting bottom a of centavos to white oval transfer type x figure 11 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 break in upper right corner of bottom rectangle the chile specialist no 62 page 10 of 31

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2 faint green dot in margin to left if il of chile transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued transfer type xi figure 12 transfer flaws that occur on all subjects from this transfer 1 large green dot in margin to right of juncture of upper and lower right leaves 2 breaks in shading and border above ce of centavos states of transfer types i found more than one state for eight of the eleven transfer types table 1 subjects from state 1 of a transfer type did not have observed constant flaws that separated two or more subjects i briefly describe the die state flaws below without illustration table 1 number of transfer states positions and stamps found for each transfer type transfer type i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x xi total transfer states 2 2 1 2 1 2 3 3 2 2 1 21 positions 20 23 16 18 10 22 23 18 13 9 7 179 stamps 62 71 66 62 41 68 88 72 39 29 20 618 transfer type i state 2 short green line attached to left border of bottom left ray of right star transfer type ii state 2 white flaw above last z of errazuriz-z the chile specialist no 62 page 11 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued transfer type iv state 2 white spot in shading to right of 2nd o of correos state 3 die state 2 flaw and flaw in horizontal shading above rr of correos transfer type vi state 2 green oval border under o of centavos broken and extends into white border transfer type vii state 2 break in shading to left of l of chile break in horizontal border above 1st r of correos green dot in left side of right 0 state 3 white flaw below right white dot in right grid right of s of correos transfer type viii state 2 white flaw in center of left 0 break in green oval border below 2nd r of correos state 3 white half moon shaped flaw in lower rectangle below os of centavos transfer type ix state 2 break in horizontal shading to right of right 0 transfer type x state 2 lot of green spots in centavos position flaws i determined that i had stamps from 179 positions and found flaws unique to two or more stamps for 152 positions in one case i had two multiples that contained a stamp from the same position but one of the stamps was damaged and heavily cancelled and i could not find a unique flaw shared by the two stamps i was able to determine positions of 26 stamps that were in multiples but could not find a unique flaw shared with another stamp perforation alignments and column determinations i found that perforation misalignments were consistent for all multiples with stamps in more than one column and concluded that the same perforator was used for all of the issued stamps and that pin alignment did not change i used the misalignments shown in table 2 to determine columns for all of the stamps bends creases and short perfs sometimes caused column determination to be difficult but by using all four sides i was confident in all column determinations the number of positions found per column ranged from fourteen for column 6 to twenty for columns 1,2 5 and 9 table 3 transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued the chile specialist no 62 page 12 of 31

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table 2 misalignments of perforations column 1 of the pane is the left selvage horizontal perforation counts start with the first perforation to the right of the left corner vertical perforation counts start with the first perforation below the top corner only the most obvious misalignments are shown in the table column misalignments of pane horizontal row right vertical column 1 not applicable 1-right 9-right 15-right 2 7-high 3-right 11-left 16-right 17-right 3 3-low 8-low 4-right 11-right 16-left 4 2-low 10-low 15-low 4-right 9-right 14-right 15-right 16-right 5 7-low 11-low 2-left 8-right 18-right 6 8-high 2-left 4-right 7-left 13-right 7 9-high 12-high 5-left 7-right 18-left 8 1-high 4-low 7-high 13-low 2-right 7-left 11-right 9 8-high 12-low 2-right 8-right 17-right 19-left 10 2-low 8-low 12-high 15-high 4-left 12-right 14-right 11 2-high 4-low 9-high 8-right 10-left 14-left table 3 number of positions found for each transfer type and column number panes column 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 sum i 13 1 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 20 transfer type ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix x xi 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 2 1 13 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 1 0 1 9 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 4 0 0 10 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 5 0 0 4 3 1 0 0 1 3 0 7 0 0 5 4 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 4 1 1 4 1 0 1 0 1 5 4 4 3 0 1 0 0 0 9 3 2 1 2 1 23 16 18 10 22 23 18 13 9 7 sum 20 20 15 16 20 14 19 16 20 19 179 of i concluded that either a plate with 2 panes of 100 stamps or 2 plates each with 1 pane of 100 stamps were prepared if 3 panes of 100 stamps were used i probably would have found more than 20 positions for one or more columns table 3 the chile specialist no 62 page 13 of 31

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transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued multiples and reconstructions i examined 260 stamps in 71 multiples ranging from pairs to a block of 10 columns by 4 rows there were numerous examples of two or more multiples containing one or more stamps with the same position flaws and there were no examples indicating substitution of subjects i concluded that it was unlikely that any substitutions occurred and combined multiples with shared positions into larger reconstructed multiples assuming that there were 2 panes i was able to assign 40 position types to positions in pane 1 table 4 i also was able to assign 7 transfer type-transfer states ttts to each of columns 1 and 2 in pane 1 because all positions of columns 1 and 2 of pane 2 were determined i was able to assign 54 position types to positions in pane 2 and 2 ttts to each of columns 4 and 5 table 5 i also tentatively assigned a reconstructed multiple of 5 to positions in pane 1 because the ttts in this multiple were only known to occur in pane 1 tables 4 and 6 i was also able to reconstruct a multiple of 14 but was not able to determine the positions or which pane it came from table 7 however several of the ttts of the multiple were only known to occur in pane 1 and none were only known to occur in pane 2 tables 6 and 7 i was not able to assign 3 blocks of 4 3 horizontal pairs 3 vertical pairs and 2 vertical strips of 3 to panes table 8 table 4 below partial reconstruction of pane 1 showing transfer types followed by transfer state number of position is shown at bottom of each position entries in bold italics are tentatively assigned to this pane also an additional six position types of transfer type i transfer state 1 and one position type of transfer type i-transfer state 2 occur in column 1 and two position types of transfer type ii-transfer state 1 and five position types if transfer type ii-transfer state 2 occur in column 2 because all positions types for all positions of columns 1 and 2 of pane 2 were determined two blocks of 4 containing some of these transfer typetransfer states are shown below the pane with the column shown at the bottom i-2 1 2 ii-2 3 iii-1 4 iv-1 iv-1 14 viii-2 5 vii-1 6 7 17 27 37 47 57 8 18 28 38 48 58 9 19 29 39 49 59 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 i-2 11 21 31 41 51 ii-2 12 iii-1 13 v-1 15 viii-2 16 26 36 46 56 ii-2 22 32 42 52 iii-1 23 iv-1 24 vi-1 25 iii-1 33 43 53 63 73 iv-1 34 44 54 64 74 v-1 35 45 v-1 55 i-1 61 71 81 91 62 72 82 92 v-1 65 iii-1 66 iv-1 67 68 i-2 69 79 v-1 75 vi-1 76 vii-1 77 viii-2 78 iii-1 83 iv-1 84 v-1 85 vii-1 86 viii-2 87 vi-1 88 ix-1 89 x-1 90 iii-1 93 iv-1 94 v-1 95 vi-1 96 viii-2 97 ix-1 98 x-1 99 vii-1 100 transfer and position flaws of frame die state four continued the chile specialist no 62 page 14 of 31

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table 4 continued i-1 1 i-1 1 ii-2 2 ii-2 2 i-1 1 i-1 1 ii-2 2 ii-1 2 table 5 below partial reconstruction of pane 2 showing transfer types followed by transfer state number of position is shown at bottom of each position i also determined that a block of four was from pane 2 because there was not room for it in pane 1 the block is shown below the pane and columns are show in the lower panels instead of positions i-1 1 2 i-1 3 4 14 24 34 44 5 15 25 35 45 6 16 26 36 46 7 17 27 37 47 8 18 28 38 48 9 19 29 39 49 10 20 30 40 50 i-1 11 ii-1 12 13 23 33 43 i-1 21 ii-1 22 ix-2 31 vii-2 32 vi-2 41 ix-2 42 ix-2 51 vii-2 52 vii-2 53 vii-2 54 ii-1 55 iii-1 56 iv-3 57 xi-1 58 ix-2 59 vi-2 60 ix-2 61 ix-2 62 vi-2 63 ix-2 64 ii-1 65 iii-1 66 iv-3 67 xi-1 68 vii-2 69 vi-2 70 vi-1 71 ii-1 72 vi-2 73 vii-2 74 ix-2 75 vii-2 76 viii-3 77 vi-2 78 vii-2 79 vi-2 80 x-2 81 x-2 82 ii-1 83 93 vii-2 84 94 85 95 i-1 iii-1 86 iv-2 87 97 xi-1 88 98 vi-2 89 99 vi-2 90 x-1 91 viii-1 92 xi-1 96 vi-2 100 i-1 4 i-1 4 ii-1 5 ii-1 5 table 6 number of positions found in each pane for each transfer type transfer state ttts pane ttts i-1 i-2 ii-1 ii-2 iii-1 iv-1 iv-2 1 7 4 2 8 7 5 8 3 1 2 7 ttts iv-3 v-1 vi-1 vi-2 vii-1 vii-2 viii1 1 pane 2 2 ttts viii2 viii3 ix-1 ix-2 x-1 x-2 ix-1 1 3 pane 2 7 4 3 9 1 1 10 1 2 2 8 1 2 4 the chile specialist no 62 page 15 of 31

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