HURAIAN SUKATAN PELAJARAN SAINS TINGKATAN 4

 

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SAINS

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curriculum development centre ministry of education malaysia 2005

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first edition 2005 © ministry of education malaysia all rights reserved no part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic or mechanical including photocopying recording or by any information storage and retrievel system without permission in writing from the director curriculum development centre ministry of education malaysia level 4 ­ 8 block e9 government complex parcel e 62604 putrajaya malaysia perpustakaan negara malaysia data pengkatalogan ­ dalam ­ penerbitan malaysia pusat perkembangan kurikulum science form 4 integrated curriculum for secondary school curriculum specification pusat perkembangan kurikulum isbn 983-2717-49-3 1 science study and teaching secondary ­ malaysia 2 science ­ outlines syllabi etc i title 507.12

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table of contents page the national philosophy national philosophy of education national science education philosophy preface introduction aims objectives scientific skills thinking skills scientific attitudes and noble values teaching and learning strategies content organisation themes introducing science learning area learning area 1 scientific investigation 1 body coordination 2 heredity and variation 15 17 25 maintenance and continuity of life v vii ix xi 1 1 2 2 4 9 10 14

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matter in nature learning area energy in life learning area 1 energy and chemical changes 2 nuclear energy 3 light colour and sight technological and industrial development in society learning area 1 chemicals in industry acknowledgements panel of writers 56 60 61 40 47 50 1 matter and substance 32

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the national philosophy our nation malaysia is dedicated to achieving a greater unity of all her people to maintaining a democratic way of life to creating a just society in which the wealth of the nation shall be equitably shared to ensuring a liberal approach to her rich and diverse cultural traditions to building a progressive society which shall be oriented towards modern science and technology we her people pledge our united efforts to attain these ends guided by the following principles belief in god loyalty to king and country supremacy of the constitution rule of law good behaviour and morality v

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national philosophy of education education in malaysia is an on-going effort towards further developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner so as to produce individuals who are intellectually spiritually emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious based on a firm belief in and devotion to god such an effort is designed to produce malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable and competent who possess high moral standards and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to the betterment of the family society and the nation at large vii

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national science education philosophy in consonance with the national education philosophy science education in malaysia nurtures a science and technology culture by focusing on the development of individuals who are competitive dynamic robust and resilient and able to master scientific knowledge and technological competency ix

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preface the aspiration of the nation to become an industrialised society depends on science and technology it is envisaged that success in providing quality science education to malaysians from an early age will serve to spearhead the nation into becoming a knowledge society and a competitive player in the global arena towards this end the malaysian education system is giving greater emphasis to science and mathematics education the science curriculum has been designed not only to provide opportunities for students to acquire science knowledge and skills develop thinking skills and thinking strategies and to apply this knowledge and skills in everyday life but also to inculcate in them noble values and the spirit of patriotism it is hoped that the educational process en route to achieving these aims would produce well-balanced citizens capable of contributing to the harmony and prosperity of the nation and its people the science curriculum aims at producing active learners to this end students are given ample opportunities to engage in scientific investigations through hands-on activities and experimentations the inquiry approach incorporating thinking skills thinking strategies and thoughtful learning should be emphasised throughout the teaching-learning process the content and contexts suggested are chosen based on their relevance and appeal to students so that their interest in the subject is enhanced in a recent development the government has made a decision to introduce english as the medium of instruction in the teaching and learning of science and mathematics this measure will enable students to keep abreast of developments in science and technology in contemporary society by enhancing their capability and know-how to tap the diverse sources of information on science written in the english language at the same time this move would also provide opportunities for students to use the english language and hence increase their proficiency in the language thus in implementing the science curriculum attention is given to developing students ability to use english for study and communication especially in the early years of learning the development of this curriculum and the preparation of the corresponding curriculum specifications have been the work of many individuals over a period of time to all those who have contributed in one way or another to this effort may i on behalf of the ministry of education express my sincere gratitude and thanks for the time and labour expended mahzan b bakar smp amp director curriculum development centre ministry of education malaysia xi

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introduction as articulated in the national education policy education in malaysia is an on-going effort towards developing the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner to produce individuals who are intellectually spiritually emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious the primary and secondary school science curriculum is developed with the aim of producing such individuals as a nation that is progressing towards a developed nation status malaysia needs to create a society that is scientifically oriented progressive knowledgeable having a high capacity for change forward-looking innovative and a contributor to scientific and technological developments in the future in line with this there is a need to produce citizens who are creative critical inquisitive openminded and competent in science and technology the malaysian science curriculum comprises three core science subjects and four elective science subjects the core subjects are science at primary school level science at lower secondary level and science at upper secondary level elective science subjects are offered at the upper secondary level and consist of biology chemistry physics and additional science the core science subjects for the primary and lower secondary levels are designed to provide students with basic science knowledge prepare students to be literate in science and enable students to continue their science education at the 1 upper secondary level core science at the upper secondary level is designed to produce students who are literate in science innovative and able to apply scientific knowledge in decision-making and problem solving in everyday life the elective science subjects prepare students who are more scientifically inclined to pursue the study of science at post-secondary level this group of students would take up careers in the field of science and technology and play a leading role in this field for national development for every science subject the curriculum for the year is articulated in two documents the syllabus and the curriculum specifications the syllabus presents the aims objectives and the outline of the curriculum content for a period of 2 years for elective science subjects and 5 years for core science subjects the curriculum specifications provide the details of the curriculum which includes the aims and objectives of the curriculum brief descriptions on thinking skills and thinking strategies scientific skills scientific attitudes and noble values teaching and learning strategies and curriculum content the curriculum content provides the learning objectives suggested learning activities the intended learning outcomes notes and vocabulary aims the aims of the science curriculum for secondary school are to provide students with the knowledge and skills in science and technology and enable them to solve problems and make decisions in everyday life based on scientific attitudes and noble values.

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