Homeschool Montessori - Culture and Science

 

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Sample Lesson - Plants and Animals

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plants and animals purpose to introduce a child to the differences between plants and animals age 3­3 1/2 years old background information plants and animals are quite different in obvious ways plants get their energy from photosynthesis and in the process take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen while animals ultimately get their energy from plants and in the process take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide plants are stationary while most animals can move plants are relatively insensitive while animals usually have at least one and often several highly developed senses but as with the differences between living and non-living things the issue is not always so clear for example there are carnivorous plants such as the venus flytrap and sundew that supplement the food they produce through photosynthesis by 3­6 homeschool culture and science 48 © namc north american montessori center

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digesting insects and other small animals there are also creatures such as sponges that do not move except for the small hairs on cells that sweep water in and out of the organisms through the many pores that cover their surface you will need · · · · · · · · · · · plants such as moss mushrooms and leafy plants animals such as insects amphibians reptiles birds or mammals labels for plant and animal see blackline masters print one label for each organism presentation invite your child to a table to learn about plants and animals explain to your child that today she will learn about the differences between plants and animals ask your child to point to the things on the table that are plants and confirm that she is correct ask your child to point to the things on the table that are animals and confirm that she is correct invite your child to explain what differences she sees between the plants and animals foster a discussion covering the major differences of plants and animals including sources of energy which gases they use in respiration movement and sensation discuss the similarities of plants and animals including the fact that they both respire reproduce and excrete invite your child to place labels indicating plant or animal appropriately in front of each organism 3­6 homeschool culture and science 49 © namc north american montessori center

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variations · · · conduct the three-period lesson with the relevant vocabulary and on a nature walk invite your child to point out plants and animals focus on some of the more unusual plants and animals such as bullrushes and slugs vocabulary plant a life form that makes its own food through photosynthesis and has parts that anchor it to the ground which causes it to be stationary its response to its environment is limited and slow because it does not have sensory organs animal a life form that gets its food from outside sources and ultimately from plants it is able to move can sense and respond to its environment 3­6 homeschool culture and science 50 © namc north american montessori center

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