Revolutionary War DBQ

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menu print name class date activity 1 document-based questions the american revolution document-based essay part a directions analyze the following documents use the documents and your knowledge of american history to answer the questions that follow each document your answers will help you to write a short essay related to the documents document 1 that this kingdom has the sovereign the supreme legislative power over america is granted it cannot be denied and taxation is a part of that sovereign power it is one branch of the legislation protection and obedience are reciprocal great britain protects america america is bound to yield [give obedience if not tell me when the americans were emancipated when they want the protection of this kingdom they are always ready to ask it that protection has always been afforded them in the most full and ample manner the nation has run itself into an immense debt to give them this protection and now they are called upon to contribute a small share to the public expence george grenville member of parliament january 14 1766 1a according to greenville why does great britain have a large debt who should help pay that debt 1b why does parliament have the power to impose taxes on british colonies according to grenville copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 1 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 2 imports from britain 1764­1776 4.5 value of british imports in millions of pounds sterling 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 .5 0 1764 townshend acts except for tea tax repealed 1770 charles apple sugar act 1764 intolerable acts 1774 1766 1768 1770 year 1772 1774 1776 british currency source historical statistics of the united states 2a why did imports from great britain to the colonies decline 2b when did the greatest drop in british imports occur and why copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 2 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 3 if i was in any doubt as to the right which the parliament of great britain had to tax us without our consent i should most heartily coincide with you in opinion that to petition and petition only is the proper method to apply for relief because we should then be asking a favor and not claiming a right which by the law of nature and our constitution we are in my opinion indubitably entitled to i should even think it criminal to go farther than this under such an idea but none such i have i think the parliament of great britain hath no more right to put their hands into my pockets without my consent than i have to put my hands into yours for money and this being already urged to them in a firm but decent manner by all the colonies what reason is there to expect any thing from their justice george washington letter to bryan fairfax july 20 1774 3a why does washington believe that just asking the british government to reduce taxes is the wrong course of action 3b according to washington what is necessary for parliament to pass taxes on the colonists copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 3 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 4 the mother country always considers the colonies as parts of itself the prosperity or unhappiness of either is the prosperity or unhappiness of both our colonies have been hitherto treated as constituent parts of the british empire the inhabitants incorporated by english charters are entitled to all the rights of englishmen they are governed by english laws entitled to english dignities regulated by english counsels and protected by english arms and it seems to follow by consequence not easily avoided that they are subject to english government and chargeable by english taxation dr samuel johnson 1775 4a what is the relationship between england and the colonies according to dr johnson 4b why does dr johnson believe the colonists ought to pay the taxes imposed on them copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 4 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 5 the resolutions of parliament breathed a spirit of moderation and forbearance conciliatory propositions accompanied the measures taken to enforce authority and the coercive acts were adapted to case of criminal combinations among subjects not then in arms i have acted with the same temper spirit anxious to prevent the effusion [shedding of the blood of my subjects and the calamities which are inseparable from a state of war still hoping that my people in america would have discerned the traitorous views of their leaders and have been convinced that to be a subject of great britain with all its consequences is to be the freest member of any civil society in the known world king george iii october 26 1775 5a who does the king blame for the disorder in his north american colonies 5b what is king george s view of the british government and british society copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 5 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 6 this recruiting poster was used to recruit soldiers for the continental army under the command of general george washington for many of those soldiers this was their first opportunity to meet people from other colonies that were now part of the united states 6a according to the above recruiting poster why should people sign up to join general washington s army library of congress 6b what rewards does the poster promise to those who enlist copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 6 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 7 these are the times that try men s souls the summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will in this crisis shrink from the service of his country but he that stands it now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman tyranny like hell is not easily conquered yet we have this consolation with us that the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph what we obtain too cheap we esteem too lightly it is dearness only that gives everything its value heaven knows how to put a proper price on its goods and it would be strange indeed if so celestial heavenly an article as freedom should not be highly rated britain with an army to enforce her tyranny has declared that she has a right not only to tax but `to bind us in all cases whatsoever complete political control and if being bound in that manner is not slavery then there is not such a thing as slavery upon earth thomas paine the crisis 1775 7a does paine provide any evidence to prove england is tyrannical if so what 7b what does paine mean by the phrases sunshine patriot and summer soldier copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 7 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document 8 the moderation and virtue of a single character has probably prevented this revolution from being closed as most others have been by a subversion of the liberty it was intended to establish thomas jefferson describing washington s resignation as commander in chief of the continental army 8a to whom is jefferson referring to in the above quotation 8b why does jefferson praise his subject copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 8 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 1 the american revolution continued document-based essay part b directions using the information in the documents provided and your knowledge of history write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction a body of several paragraphs and a conclusion historical context between 1763 and 1775 the relationship between great britain and its colonies in north america grew increasingly tense ultimately the colonies would declare their independence and fight a war to become the united states task using information in the documents and your knowledge of u.s history write an essay in which you describe how the differing points of view held by the british government and many american colonists contributed to their political disagreements in your essay include a discussion of how the american colonists responded to actions taken by the british government the reasons great britain pursued its policies despite american opposition and what brought many americans to begin to push for independence from britain guidelines be sure to · address all aspects of the task by accurately analyzing and interpreting at least four of the documents · use information provided in the documents in the body of your essay · incorporate relevant outside information throughout the essay · support your arguments with facts and information that address the theme · be sure to organize your essay in a clear and logical way · establish a framework that is beyond a simple restatement of the task or historical context and conclude the essay with a summation of the theme copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 9 document-based activities

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menu print answer key activity 1 the revolutionary war part a 1a because it protects the colonies the activity 2 the constitutional convention part a 1a the revolutionary war march 1781 1b seven years 2a washington argues that the national gov colonists 1b the power of taxation is part of sovereign power 2a colonists boycotted british goods to protest taxes 2b the greatest decrease began in 1774 with 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b the passage of the intolerable acts because then the colonists would simply be asking for a favor not claiming a right consent of the colonists part of the british empire because they are governed by english laws regulated by english counsels and protected by the military power of great britain traitorous colonial leaders that it is the most free society in the world to gain the liberty and independence of the united states a bounty of $12 clothing and $60 a year paine argues that the complete political control asserted by great britain is the definition of tyranny paine is referring to those who like the idea of fighting for their liberties but lack the courage to carry the struggle forward george washington because washington resigned his commission 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b part b students essays will vary but should address the issue of the differing perspectives taken by the colonists and people in great britain concerning the proper relationship between the colonies and britain students should consider the reactions to the various taxes imposed upon the colonists and other legislation passed by the british parliament that affected the colonies students might also address the reasons that colonists joined to fight against great britain in the revolutionary war 7a 7b 8a 8b ernment is too weak the solution to the problem is to give the government sufficient power to achieve national objects human nature to revise the articles of confederation to make them adequate for the governing of the united states experience the people to form a more perfect union establish justice insure domestic tranquility provide for the common defense promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty articles one constitution three the president administering and enforcing national laws simple majority in congress to enact legislation a national court system states accept supremacy of the constitution brutus argues that the constitution would create a national government in particular a legislative branch that is too powerful and would destroy the states according to the passage experience demonstrates that human beings will seek to increase their power when given the opportunity to do so dewitt would like a bill of rights included to specifically spell out those rights that the national government has no power to intrude upon the federalists promised to amend the constitution after it was ratified to include a bill of rights separation of powers and checks and balances because human nature demonstrated by experience leads people in power to seek more power copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved holt program title 1 book title

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