Immigration DBQ

 

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menu print name class date activity 6 document-based questions immigration and urbanization document-based essay part a directions analyze the following documents use the documents and your knowledge of american history to answer the questions that follow each document your answers will help you to write a short essay related to the documents document shifting patterns of immigration where immigrants came from 1840­1860 where immigrants came from 1880­1900 31 93 1 3 1 2 eastern and southern europe 61 6 1.5 .5 dave merrell/steven edsey sons place of origin northern and western europe north and south america asia all other areas source historical statistics of the united states 1a what group accounted for the greatest increase in immigration between 1840­60 and 1880­90 1b what was the reaction of many americans to the changing patterns of immigration to the united states copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 46 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 2 we began to make inquiries about jobs and were promptly informed that there was plenty of work at pick and shovel we were also given to understand by our fellow-boarders that pick and shovel was practically the only work available to italians i practiced for a day until i could say peek and shuvle to perfection one morning we saw a fat man coming toward us buon giorno [good morning padrone said one of the men padrone i said to myself now the word padrone in italy is applied to a proprietor geerally a respectable man this man not only showed no signs of good breeding in his face but he as unshaven and dirty and his clothes were shabby the padrone came up to our group and began to wax talk eloquent and to gesticulate gesture about the advantages of a certain job it is not very far only twelve miles from boston the company has a `shantee in which you can sleep and a `storo where you can buy your `grosserie all very cheap buono paga good pay $1.25 a day and you only have to pay me fifty cents a week for having gotten you this `gooda jobbaz on reaching our destination we were taken to the shantee where we were introduced to two long open bunkss filled with straw the storo was at one end of the shanty we began to do some simple figuring and discovered that when had paid for our groceries for the privilege of sleeping in the shanty and the fifty cents to the padrone for having been so condescending as to employ us we would have nothing left but sore arms and backs constantine panunzio came to the united states in 1902 2a what kinds of jobs were available to many immigrants to the united states at the end of the 1800s and the beginning of the 1900s according to the passage 2b was the padrone fair to panunzio and his friend explain your answer copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 47 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 3 i dreamed of golden stairs leading to the top of the american palace where father was supposed to live i went home to an ugly old tenement in the heart of the lower east side there were stairs to climb but they were not golden anonymous immigrant girl 3a what was the difference between the immigrant girl s dream of america and the reality she encountered 3b what type of help was available to immigrants to deal with the realities of american life who provided the assistance copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 48 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 4 look at the dens of death in baxter street says the health inspector into which the sunlight never enters that are dark damp dismal throughout all the days of the year and for which it is no exaggeration to say that the money paid to the owners as rent is literally the `price of blood the mortality officially registered in those dens of death was 17.5 percent of their population bedrooms in tenements were dark closets utterly without ventilation there couldn t be any the houses were built like huge square boxes covering nearly the whole of the lot some light came in at the ends but the middle was always black forty thousand windows cut by order of the health board that first year gave us a daylight view of the slum damp and rotten and dark walls and banisters sticky with constant moisture jacob riis how the other half lives 1890 4a why does riis describe the tenements in which many immigrants live as dens of death 4b what were living conditions like in many tenements as described by riis copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 49 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 5 the granger collection new york 5a what is happening in the political cartoon above 5b do you think that the cartoonist supported increased immigration explain your answer copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 50 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 6 when i was sixteen i was supposed to marry a man in italy but i didn t want him my mama tell me either you marry this guy or you go to america but i told her i don t like him she say then you go to america that s why i came to america there was nothing in italy nothing in italy that s why we came to find work because italy didn t have no work mama used to say america is rich america is rich carla martinelli 6a why did martinelli leave italy to go to the united states 6b why did martinelli s mother tell her to move to the united states copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 51 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 7 7a how does the cartoon above make fun of the nativist response to chinese immigration courtesy of strong museum rochester new york 7b why did many nativists oppose chinese immigration copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 52 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document 8 the settlement then is an experimental effort to aid in the solution of the social and industrial problems which are engendered [created by the modern conditions of life in a great city it insists that these problems are not confined to any one portion of a city it is an attempt to relieve at the same time the overaccumulation at one end of society and the destitution [poverty at the other but it assumes that this overaccumulation and destitution is most sorely felt in the things that pertain to social and educational privileges from its very nature it can stand for no political or social propaganda it must in a sense give the warm welcome of an inn to all such propaganda if perchance one of them be found an angel the only thing to be dreaded in the settlement is that it lose its flexibility its power of quick adaptation its readiness to change its methods as its environment may demand it must be open to conviction and must have a deep and abiding sense of tolerance it must be hospitable and ready for experiment it must be grounded in a philosophy whose foundation is on the solidarity of the human race a philosophy which will not waver when the race happens to be represented by a drunken woman or an idiot boy its residents must be emptied of all conceit of opinion and all self-assertion and ready to arouse and interpret the public opinion of their neighborhood they must be content to live quietly side by side with their neighbors until they grow into a sense of relationship and mutual interests jane addams twenty years at hull house describing the settlement house movement 8a according to addams what is the source of the great poverty that can be found in the cities 8b why does addams argue that the settlement has to be adaptable copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 53 document-based activities

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menu print name class date activity 6 immigration and urbanization continued document-based essay part b directions using the information in the documents provided and your knowledge of history write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction a body of several paragraphs and a conclusion historical context prior to 1880 most immigrants came to the united states from countries with cultures similar to the united states for the most part they came from northern and western europe spoke english were skilled workers and were accustomed to a constitutional democracy therefore they assimilated easily into the fabric of american life task using information in the documents and your knowledge of u.s history write an essay in which you describe the hardships and obstacles encountered by immigrants arriving after 1880 as well as the opportunities available for their future in your essay include a discussion of changing immigration patterns and increased anti-immigrant sentiments that eventually led to restrictive legislation also examine the difference between the hopes and dreams of the new immigrants and the realities they faced upon arriving and living in the united states guidelines be sure to · address all aspects of the task by accurately analyzing and interpreting at least four of the documents · use information provided in the documents in the body of your essay · incorporate relevant outside information in your essay · support your arguments with facts and information that address the theme · be sure to organize your essay in a clear and logical way · establish a framework that is beyond a simple restatement of the task or historical context · conclude the essay with a summation of the theme copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 54 document-based activities

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menu print were used by ranchers to raise cattle the plains indians were hurt by the loss of their primary food source railroads trails and cattle trails the discovery of gold in california in the mid-1800s led to rapid settlement kansas and texas oklahoma arkansas iowa louisiana and missouri because those areas had been settled and made into states prior to 1864 the country had to offer instead she had a room in a tenement immigrant communities often formed benevolent societies to assist newcomers in adjusting to their new lives because of the high mortality rate the tenements were dark crowded and damp ships are dumping immigrants from ships on which they are labeled garbage at the feet of the statue of liberty students answers should indicate that the cartoonist opposes immigration this is indicated by labeling the immigrants as garbage and the expression on the face of the statue of liberty she wanted to avoid marrying a man she did not want to marry because in america a person could find work and make something of their lives the number of chinese people is so small compared to the number of people on the wall and one nativist barely got over the wall before kicking the ladder away racism and fear that immigrants would take jobs from other americans by working for lower wages educational and social opportunity are not common to all people because situations change rapidly and the settlement had to be prepared to deal with new circumstances 3b 7a 7b 8a 8b 4a 4b 5a part b students essays will vary but should include a discussion of manifest destiny as the idea that the united states would stretch from the atlantic ocean to the pacific ocean and that nothing could stop this inevitable growth students should also note that one of the primary reasons for westward expansion was the availability of land which in turn had been made possible by the mexican war however life on the plains was not easy for the settlers who moved there also students might recognize that the west coast developed more quickly because of the discovery of gold in california in 1849 in addition students should note the displacement of the american indians by the settlers students essays might also mention that the transcontinental railroad was seen as a way to link the country together providing for better communication and the transportation of goods across the country 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b activity 6 immigration and urbanization part a 1a eastern and southern europeans 1b many americans did not like the changing part b students essay will vary but should include a discussion of where the new immigrants came from the reasons people immigrated to america and the realities of immigrant life this should include an examination of tenement housing and the work available to many immigrants who came to the united states in the late 1800s and early 1900s student essays should also describe the growing nativism in the united states and how this affected attitudes toward immigration and immigrants and what effect this had on the lives new immigrants led in their new country students might also discuss benevolent associations and settlement houses as responses to the problems of urbanization patterns of immigration the new immigrants spoke different languages and had different cultures in addition the new immigrants were generally more poor than the immigrants who arrived between 1840 and 1860 2a low paying jobs doing manual or unskilled labor 2b the padrone was attempting to take advantage of ignorant immigrant labor 3a the immigrant girl thought that in america she would experience the wealth copyright © by holt rinehart and winston all rights reserved american history 4 document-based questions

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