Manager Sahib Life sketch

 

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Biography for Respected His Holiness Saint Manager Sahib Ji (1915 to 1998) Founder of Mastana Shah Balochistani Ashram, Jagmalwali and Sacha Sauda Roohani Satsang Trust, Jagmalwali

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p. 1

tue vksj cky;dky iwt;uh ije lar xqjc k flag th dk tue 21 uoecj 1915 vfkkzr leor 1972 ds dkfrzd eghus dh 6 rkjh[k dks xkao lykuk fj;klr esa gqvk tks vktdy ftyk ifv;kyk ¼iatkc½ esa gsa buds firk th dk uke ljnkj puu.k flag rfkk ekrk dk uke jhefr gjuke dksj fkka blls igys fd esa vkxs fy[kwa dqn fo ks k rf izlrqr djuk vko d le>rk gw¡a lcls igyk rf ;g gs fd iqt lar th ds ekrk&firk vr;kf/kd /kkfezd izo`fr ds fksa ekrk jhefr gjuke dksj th us gtwj egkjkt lkou flag th ls uke nku dh nh{kk yh fkha mu fnuksa uke nku dk iatkc esa cgqr de izpkj fkk rfkk cgqr de yksx bl vewy jru ls ifjfpr fksa ekrk th dbz&dbz ?kavs csb dj uke tirh fkha vkl&ikl dh fl ka bl ckr dh cgqr ppkz djrh fkh fd ;g chch jkr dks rhu cts luku djus ds i pkr csbdj Åij dim+k vks dj irk ugha brus yecs le rd d;k djrh jgrh gs mugssa irk u fkk fd og uke tirh fkha tuuh tus rks hkdrtu ;k nkrk ;k lwja ugha rks tuuh cka jgs dkgs xokor uwjaa vfkkzr eka fdlh hkdr tu nkuh ;k fdlh ;ksk vfkkzr fuhkz cyoku iq dks gh tue ns vu;fkk eka fcuk iq gh jgs d;ksafd izlkwfr izkd`frd lksan;z vfkkzr uwj dks u v dj nsrh gsa vr iwt lar th dh ekrk th /ku fkh ftugksaus brus egku vksj riloh osjkxh iq dks tue fn;k ftlus yk[kksa fodkfj;ksa dks fodkj :ih dhpm ls fudky dj mugsa :gkuh ekxz ij vxzlj fd;k vksj uo&thou iznku fd;ka blh izdkj iwt lar th ds firk th hkh vlkeku izfrhkk ds /kuh fksa os /kkfezd vksj usd ekuo fksa bldk irk iw.kzr;k rc pyk tc iwt;uh ije lar esustj lkfgc tks dks osjkx isnk gqvk vksj nqfu;ka ls lu;kl ysdj iwt elrkuk kkg fcyksfplrkuh th ds pj.k deyksa esa csbdj lrxq dk uke tiuk pkgka iwt elrkuk th us iwt lar th ds firk th ls bl fo k esa iwnk fd bl fo k esa mudk d;k fopkj gs os cgqr izluu gq fksa iwt lar th ml le ;qokolfkk esa fks rfkk pkj iq hkh buds ?kj lrxq dh d`ik ls tue ys pqds fksa fdruh cm+h lkalkfjd lel;k fkh fqj hkh mugksaus viuh o kolfkk ds ckotwn hkh iwt elrkuk th ds iwnus ij mrj fn;k fd esa fdruk hkkx kkyh gw¡ fd esjk iq nqfu;ka dks r;kx dj lrxq dh hkfdr djsxka esa rks blds ;ksx gh u fkka esa vius iks=ksa vkfn dk lo;a gh ku j[kwaxk vksj mudk ikyu&iks k.k dj ywaxka vki esjs iq dks hkfdr hkko esa iw.kzr;k yhu dj nsaa ;fn vksj hkh dksbz lsok esjs ;ksx gksxh rks og hkh esa vo d:axka iwt lar th ukenso tkfr vksj vkad {k=h dqy ls laca/k j[krs fksa iwt lar th ds iwozt eq r lkgwdkjk djrs fks ;k fqj ljdkjh uksdjh esa fksa iwt lar th ds ifjokj ds lhkh lnl lrlaxh fks vksj mugksaus budk uke ije lar gtwj egkjkt lkou flag th ls gh j[kok;k fkk vksj gtwj lkfgc us izluu gksdj budk uke ^xqjc k flag j[kk fkka vki vhkh ms ;k nks o kz ds gh fks fd vki dh ekrk th pksyk nksm x,a pksyk nksm+us ls igys mugkssaus dbz ckrsa ,slh dh ftlls muds iw.kz vh;klh gksus dk irk pyrk gsa e`r;q ls yxhkx rhu fnu igys gh gj pht lahkky dj j[k nh vksj iwt lar th ds firk th dks lkq&lkq vius ckjs cryk fn;ka

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p. 2

,d fnu igys vius lkjs dim+s viuh cm+h hkkhkh vfkkzr iwt lar th dh cm+h ekeh th dks nsus dks dgka mudk uke jhefr bz oj dksj fkka ekrk th ds nsgkur ds i pkr iwt lar th dk ikyu&iks k.k vius ukuk th ds ?kj gqvka budh cm+h ekeh jhefr bz oj dksj us gh budh ns[khkky dha iwt lar th bugsa eka dg dj iqdkjrs fksa mudk ,d gh iq fkka ijurq ekeh th bugsa viuk nwljk iq ekurh fkh vksj [kwc ykm i;kj ls ikyrh&ikslrh fkha vki ds rhu ekek th fksa lcls cm+s ekek ljnkj djrkj flag ,l-mh-vks yxs gq fks ijurq ukuk th ls fdlh ckr ij ukjkt gks dj ?kj&ckj nksm dj qdhj cu x fks vksj fqj dhkh vius ?kj ugha yksvsa nwljs ekek ljnkj d`iky flag nksvh vk;q esa gh loxz&fl/kkj x fksa mudk ,d ym+dk rfkk ,d ym+dh fkha rhljs ekek ljnkj gjh flag fks vksj lc ls nksvs fksa iwt lar th dks vr;f/kd i;kj djrs fks vksj cxnkn esa ugj ds fohkkx esa dk;zdkjh vfhk;urk vfkkzr ,dlå bzå ,uå fksa lkjh ekfe;ka vkidks vr;ur i;kj djrh fkh vksj cgqr ykm&i;kj ls ikyu&iks k.k djrh fkha dhkh ;g fdlh dks rfud hkh vkhkkl ugha gksrk fkk fd vkidh ekrk th ijyksd fl/kkj xbz gsaa bugha fnuksa ,d ,slh ?kvuk ?kvh fd nwljh ekeh th dk i;kj izfl gks x;ka ?kvuk ;wa ?kvh fd cpps dks ,d ckj nlr yx x rfkk flfkfr cgqr fcxm xbza cm+h ekeh th ml osnuk ls djkg mbh vksj cpps dk nq k u lg ldha os hkh lrlax vksj uke dh vh;klh fkh d;ksafd ukuk th rfkk lelr ifjokj gh lrlaxh fkka ekeh th us gkfk tksm+dj lrxq ds le{k cm+h ,dkxzrk vksj lpps eu ls [km+s gksdj izkfkzuk dh fd s ekfyd bl cpps dks d;ksa bruk d v fn;k gs blds nlr eq>s yxk nks vksj bls cpk yks eq ls bldk nq k ns[kk ugha tkrka lpps eu dh lpph iqdkj lrxq us lquh vksj bhd oslk gh gqvka cppk bhd gks x;k vksj ekeh th chekj gks x rfkk cgqr bykt djus ds ckn bhd gq,a ukuk th ,d vleku o;fdrro iwt lar th ds ukuk th dk uke eqa kh ukjk k flag fkka os ,d vn~hkqr izfrhkk ds /kuh rfkk ije hkdr fksa vxj ;fn lgh vadksa ls vkadk tk rks ukuk th dk iwt lar th ds thou esa cgqr egro jgk gs d;ksafd gtwj egkjkt lkou flag th ukuk th ds ije fe fksa gtwj lkfgc dk xkao efgekflag okyk vkids ukuk th ds xkao yksgx ls fkksm+h gh nwjh ij gs rfkk nksuksa [kkunkuksa ds cgqr iqjkus esf=d laca/k fksa ukuk th vk;q esa gtwj ls dqn cm+s fksa gtwj lkfgc ds thou ls ukuk th cgqr tqm+s jgsa msjk c;kl dh iqlrdksa esa dbz txg ukuk th dk o`rkur vkrk gsa ,d iqlrd kjrh ij loxz fyf[kr jh nfj;kbz yky diwj fjvk;mz tt ds i b 24 ij o.kzu vkrk gs fd tc ckck tsey flag th gtwj lkou kkg dh izkfkzuk ij efgekflagokyk xkao esas i/kkjs vksj gtwj lkfgc ds ifjokj dks uke nku fn;k rks Þgtwj ds ,d fe eqa kh ukjk k flag gtwj dks lrlaxh gks tkus ij rkus lqukrs fksa mugkssaus hkh ckck tsey flag ls uke ys fy;k vksj vkf[kj vius iwjs dqvqec dks uke fnyk fn;kaß blh izdkj ,d vksj izfl iqlrd Þgtwjh lkf[k;kaß kkuh v flag }kjk fyf[kr esa ukuk th ds fo k esa vk;k gs fd Þeqa kh ukjk k flag esjs nkslr rkuk ekjns jfgans lua vkf[kj /kh dqy dqvqec uwa uke fnyk fnrk rs ej.k osys dfg x fd esjh uwag uwa oh uke fnyk;k tk,ßa bldk vfkz gs fd

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p. 3

gtwj lkfgc ds fe eqa kh ukjk k flag th igys&igy rkuk ekjrs fks fd os fdl izdkj lrlaxh gks x ijurq ckn esa os ckck th ls vfkkzr ckck tsey flag th ¼lalfkkid msjk c;kl½ ls cgqr izhkkfor gq rfkk viuh ym+dh rfkk lelr dqvqec dks gtwj lkfgc dh rjg gh uke fnyok fn;k vksj pksyk nksm+rs le ;g bpnk izdv dh fd muds ym+ds dh iruh ¼uwag½ dks hkh uke fnyok nsaa vr ukuk th cgqr /kkfezd vksj lrlaxh o;fdr fksa mudk lelr ifjokj /kkfezd jax esa jax pqdk fkka ;gh hkfdr hkko vkxs py dj iwt lar th dks fojklr esa feyka tc gtwj lkou kkg ds firk th loxz fl/kkj x rks ?kj esa dksbz vf/kd fteesokj o;fdr ugha fkk d;kssafd gtwj lkfgc qkst esa dk;zjr fksa ml dfbu le esa iwt lar th ds ukuk th gtwj lkfgc ds ?kj ds dk;ksaz esa gkfk cavkrs fks vksj vius thou ds vfure okl rd efgekflag okyk tkrs jg dj ?kj ckj dh iw.kz lahkky djrs jgsa pksyk nksm+us ds dqn le igys vkius gtwj egkjkt lkou kkg th dks izkfkzuk dh Þesjh ixm+h dh yttk vc vkids gkfk gsßa gtwj lkfgc us iw.kz fo okl fnykrs gq /khjt ca/kk;k vksj cksys Þvki dksbz fpurk u djsaß vksj blds i pkr tc hkh gtwj lkfgc efgekflag okyk i/kkjrs rks yksgx t:j vkrs vksj vkids ukuk th ds ?kj dh iwjh rjg lahkky djrsa lu 1939 essa gtwj lkfgc viuk nkf;ro le>rs gq iwt lar th ds ekek th dh ym+dh ds fookg esa i/kkjs fksa tc ,d ckj iwt lar th fnyyh dykfk fey fljlk esa uksdjh djrs fks rks vkidh ekslh ds ym+ds dk fookg fkk vksj og dqn febkbz vkfn ysdj vkids ikl vk;ka mlus fksm+h xkao esa tkuk fkk tgka gtwj lkfgc dk ifjokj jgrk fkka ysu&nsu igys dh rjg pyrk vk jgk fkka vki vksj vkidh ekslh dk ym+dk tc fksm+h xkao esa igqaps rks ogka ljnkj uxsunz flag liq ljnkj cfpur flag ¼gtwj lkfgc ds cm+s iksrs½ us ,d ?kvuk bl izdkj lqukbz ,d ckj gtwj lkfgc vksj ukuk eqa kh ukjk k flag th msjk c;kl tk jgs fks c;kl ds lvs ku ij mrj dj msjs dh rjq py im+sa ekxz esa ,d cjlkrh ukyk vkrk fkka gtwj lkfgc rks ukyk ikj dj x ijurq ukuk th chp esa gh [km+s gks x,a tc gtwj lkfgc us ukuk th ls bl izdkj chp esa [km+k gksus dk dkj.k iwnk rks os cksys Þesa Åij ugha p ldrkß bl ij gtwj lkfgc th us uhps mrj dj ukuk th dks viuh ckag idm+k nh rfkk lgk;rk djuh pkgha ijurq ukuk th ds eu esa dksbz fo ks k ckr fkha mugksaus ckag idm dj nksm nh vksj dgk Þ;fn eq>s bl hkolkxj ls ikj hkh blh izdkj ckag idm dj ys tkvksxs rks ckag idm+rk gwa ugha rks ughaaß ;g lqudj lpps ikr kkg gtwj lkfgc gal im+s vksj cksys Þvki dk gkfk rks idm dj gh ys tkuk im+sxkß vksj tc ukuk th pksyk nksm x rks gtwj lkfgc xkao vk vksj cksys Þeqa kh ukjk k flag dks cgqr hkjkslk fkk vksj og ogka tk igqaps tgka cm+s&cm+s vh;klh hkh ugha igqaprsßa gtwj egkjkt lkou kkg cgqr cm+h kfdr fksa og fo ofo kr lar fks rfkk ckck tsey flag th lalfkkid msjk c;kl ds i pkr viuh fofp r;kxe izo`fr ds dkj.k c;kl msjs ds lapkyd cusa ;g msjk vkt hkh cgqr izfl gs vksj bl ds lapkyd bl le egkjkt xqfjunz flag th gsaa :gkuh f k{kk vksj ukenku iwt lar th ekrk th dh e`r;q ds i pkr izk vius ekek th ds ?kj gh jgrs fksa ikyu iks k.k rks vkjahk ls gh ogha gqvk ijurq ckn esa vius isr`d xkao lykuk esa i kbz

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p. 4

kq djus ds i pkr hkh nqv~fv;ka feyrs gh ekek th ds ?kj pys tkrs fks d;ksafd vkids eu esa viuh ekfe;ksa ds izfr vlhe i;kj fkk vksj mugksaus vki dks dhkh eka dh deh vuqhko ugha gksus nh fkha lkjk s ifjokj gh d;ksafd lrlaxh fkk vr vki ds Åij jax gh nwljk p k vfkkzr :gkuh f k{kk vkids vunj dwv&dwv dj hkjh xbza nksvs ekek th d;ksafd cxnkn esa fks vr ?kj ij dksbz dq ky o;fdr ugha fkka dsoy ,d cm+s ekek th dk ym+dk fkk tks ?kj dh lahkky djrk fkka og izfrfnu xqtjoky ds ikl ,d xkao esa tkdj nqdkunkjh dk dke djrk fkka ?kj esa cm+s i;kj dk okrkoj.k fkka rhuksa ekfe;ka bdv~bs gh [kkrh&ihrh fkh vksj rhuksa bdv~bh csbdj hktu flej.k djrh fkha ;fn vkl&ikl ls vksjrsa vk tkrh rks lrlax hkh djrh fkha ;fn dksbz fj rsnkj laca/kh ?kj vk tkrk rks dbz&dbz fnu u tkrk fkk d;ksafd yxhkx lkjs lehi ds laca/kh lrlaxh fks rfkk uke ds vh;klh fksa mugsa ogka /kkfezd okrkoj.k esa cgqr gh vkuun vkrk fkk rfkk dbz&dbz fnu mudk tkus dks eu ugha djrk fkka cm+h ekeh th d;ksafd iwt lar th dks viuk iq gh le>rh fkh vksj mugksaus gh ikyu&iks k.k fd;k fkk rfkk lo;a hkh lrlaxh fkh blhfy og dhkh iwt lar th dks fdlh ds ?kj dh dksbz pht ugha [kkus dks nsrh fkha mugsa mj fkk fd dgha fdlh fcuk lrlaxh ds ?kj dh dksbz pht iwt lar th ds vunj u pyh tk,a iwt lar th hkh viuh ekeh th ds dkj.k brus idds gks x fks fd dhkh fdlh ds ?kj dh dksbz pht ugha ysrs fksa ,d ckj ukuk th ds nksvs hkkbz ljnkj thrk flag ds ?kj dksbz lehi dk fj rsnkj vk;k vksj og ym~mw lkfk yk;ka iwt lar th ogha [km+s fks vr i;kj ds o k ukuk th us nks ym~mw budks nsus pkgs ijurq bugkssaus ysus ls lkq budkj dj fn;ka mlh le jhefr bz oj dksj th vk xbza ukuk th us f kdk;r dh fd bl cpps us esjs ls ym~mw ugha fy,a bl ij ekeh th us dgk Þcgqr vpnk fd;kaß ukuk th ukjkt gks x,a os cgqr rstfetkt ds o;fdr fks xsj lrlaxh fksa os dzksf/kr gks dgus yxs Þd;k essjs ?kj dh pht hkh ugha [kkuh pkfg,ß ijurq ekeh th us lkq&lkq kcnksa eas dg fn;k Þgka th vkt ;g vkids ?kj dh olrq [kk,xk dy fdlh vksj ds ?kj dha esa bl cpps dh vknr ugha fcxkm+uk pkgrhßa vr iwt lar th dks cm+s /kkfezd vksj i;kj ds okrkoj.k esa ikyu&iks k.k dk volj feyka cm+h ekeh th ds mins k dk iwt lar th ij iwjs thou gh vlj jgka lelr thou gh ;s [kkus&ihus ds fo k esa iw.kz lrdz jgsa fdlh lrlaxh ds ?kj rks [kk ysrs fks ijurq xsj lrlaxh ds ?kj [kkus ls cgqr fgpfdpkrs fksa thou bruk fu[kj pqdk fkk fd ckn esa tc iwt lar th taxykr vqlj fks ml le ydm+h rd hkh ckgj ls eksy ykdj gh viuk [kkuk cukrs fks tcfd pkjksa rjq ydm+h gh ydm+h gksrh fkha bl fofp ckr dh lc txg ppkz jgrh fkha tc ;g ckr Åaps vf/kdkfj;ksa rd igqaph rks mugksaus iwt lar th dks le>k;k Þvki ;g d;k djrs gsa vki lo;a gh lkjh ydm+h ds bapktz gsa fqj hkh ckgj ls ydm+h eksy ysrs gsa ,slk fohkkx esa igyh ckj gqvk gsa vki dks ,slk ugha djuk pkfg d;ksafd blls ge lcdh ekugkfu gksrh gsßa ijurq iwt lar th u ekus vksj viuk [kkuk lo;a cukrs rfkk ydm+h ckgj ls eksy gh ykrsa iwt lar th vksj hkh dbz vpnh&vpnh uksdfj;ksa esa jgs ijurq dhkh dksbz pht ns[kdj eu ugha yqhkk;ka cm+h ekeh th izk f k{kk fn;k djrh fkh fd ,d rks fdlh ls k u yks vksj nwljs lacaf/k;ksa ls gj rjg ls fuhkkus dh iwjh dksf k k djksa lar th us bu ij iwjk vey fd;k vksj ;g f k{kk cgqr ykhkizn jgha iwt lur th viuk finyk osru rc rd lekir ugha gksus nsrs fks tc rd fd u;k u fey tk a lhkh lacfu/k;ksa ls hkh vkidk cgqr esy tksy jgka

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p. 5

gtwj lkou kkg th dh /keziruh ekrk fd ku dksj th izk efgekflag okyk xkao esa gh jgrh fkha muds pj.kksa esa [ksyus dk iwt lar th dks iwjk volj feyk d;ksafd ekrk th izk ekek th ds ?kj xkao yksgx vkrh jgrh fkh rfkk ekeh th hkh vkids ikl xkao efgekflag okyk vpnh laxr ds fy tkrh jgrh fkh ftlls iwt lar th :gkuh jax esa jaxs jgrs fksa cpiu esa iwt lar th ekek th ds ifjokj ds lkfk lrlax esa c;kl tk;k djrs fksa mudh cm+h ekeh th d;ksafd i;kj ls nwj ugha jguk pkgrh fkh vr lkfk gh bu dks xksn esa mbk dj ys tkrh fkha ckn esa iwt lar th dqn cm+s gksdj vius xkao lykuk i us tkrs rks nqfv~v;ka feyrs gh fqj ekek th ds ?kj vk tkrsa msjk c;kl esa vkidk ifjokj mlh futh bekjr esa bgjrk fkk tgka ij gtwj lkfgc dk [kku&nku bgjrk fkk d;ksafd ekek th ds ifjokj ij gtwj lkfgc cgqr gh esgjcku fks vksj laca/k hkh igys dh rjg e/kqj rfkk esf=d fksa ,d ckj lu 1928 esa gtwj lkfgc vius isf=d xkao efgekflag okyk vk gq fksa ogka muds iksrs ljnkj lruke flag th dh kknh fkha ml le iwt lar th dh vk;q yxhkx 13 o kz dh fkha ekek th ds ifjokj us vkidks uke fnyokus dk fu.kz fy;k rfkk gtwj lkfgc ds ikl ys x,a buds lkfk ,d vksj chch hkh fkh tks v kfidk yxh gqbz fkha igys rks gtwj lkfgc us vk;q esa nksvk le iwt lar th dks mbk fn;k vksj uke nsus ls badkj dj fn;k ijurq tc pksckjs ls iwt lar th uhps mrj jgs fks rks chp esa gh iksfm ksa esa [km+s gksdj jksus yx im+sa uke&nku dk fojg vkils lgk u x;ka bl ij gtwj lkfgc cgqr [kq k gq vksj mugksaus vkidks cqyk;k fqj nksuksa dks pksckjs esa fcbk fy;k vksj lnk ds fy ?kv esa uke dk cht cks fn;ka vki us hkh dksbz dlj ugha nksm+h vksj uke :ih cht dh bruh ns[khkky dh fd ;g ,d lqugjh vo.kzuh iks/ks ds :i eas qsy x;k ftl dh n nk;k esa vkt yk[kksa nq kh l=h&iq k lgkjk ysdj viuk mkj dj jgs gsa a f k{kk vksj fookg izkjehk esa iwt lar th us d{kk,a vius ekek th ds ?kj i ha mlds i pkr vki ds firk th i;kjo k vki ds fcuk u jg lds rfkk vki dks vius xkao lykuk ys vk,a ;gka vkdj vkidh i kbz dh fpurk im xbza firk th vkidks cgqr Åaph f k{kk fnykuk pkgrs fks ijurq ml le xkao esa dksbz ldwy u fkka cm+h lel;k mriuu gqbz fd d;k fd;k tk xkao cgqr cm+k fkka firk th us lo;a ds [kpsz ls gh ,d v kid osru ij j[k fy;k vksj mldk osru 15 :i ekfld r dj fn;ka ldwy esa xkao ds vksj cpps hkh vkdj i us yxsa igys&igy xkao esa bldk fojks/k hkh gqvk ijurq vki ds firk th cgqr lq>cw vksj dq ky cqf ds /kuh fksa tks lksp ysrs fks og dj ds gh gvrs fksa xkao esa mudh cgqr izfr bk fkha og hktu flej.k dh rjq rks bruk ku ugha nsrs fks ijurq vke turk dh hkykbz ds fy cgqr dk;z djrs fksa xkao esa fookg rfkk vksj dk;ksza esa mudh jk yh tkrh fkha og xjhcksa ls cgqr lgkuqhkwfr j[krs fksa firk th tc fdlh ckr dks eu esa bku ysrs fks rks ihns ugha gvrs fks pkgs dqn hkh gks tk,a mlh xkao dk ,d uacjnkj yksxksa dks cgqr rax djrk fkk d;ksafd mldh fj;klr ds cm+s&cm+s othjksa rd igqap fkha firk th us mlds fo ,slh dej dlh fd mldh uecjnkjh gh [kre djokdj nksm+h tc fd ml le uacjnkj dh cgqr cm+h inoh gksrh fkha vr;kf/kd fojks/k ds gksrs gq hkh firk th us vkidh i kbz ds fy vkjehk fd x dk;zdze dks izkbzejh ldwy dk :i fnyk fn;k vksj xkao

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p. 6

dk cgqr midkj gqvka ;gh ldwy blds i pkr yksvj femy fqj femy vksj vc gkbz ldwy rd gks x;k gsa firk th pksyk nksm+us rd bl ldwy ds iz/kku jgsa ,d ckj iwt lar th vius xkao lykuk lrlax djus x,a lrlax ds vsav ml ldwy esa gh yxk x rkfd turk [kqyh txg esa csbdj :gkuh lrlax lqu ldsaa iwt lar th us ns[kk fd ml ldwy ds dk;kzy esa firk th dk fp yxk gqvk fkka bl fp ds Åij fy[kk gqvk fkk Þ;g ldwy vkidh fgeer ls cukßa vkids firk th ;ksx cppksa dks izksrlkfgr djrs fks vksj mudks dbz ckj viuh tsc ls dbz rjg ds buke hkh ckavrs fksa firk th dk iwt lar th ij cgqr izhkko im+ka iwt lar th ds vunj hkh turk dh lsok dh :fp mriuu gks xbza iwt lar th lelr uksdjh ds le lo;a dks turk dk lsod le>rs jgsa t;ksa&t;ksa muufr gksrh vius vki dks lsod le>rsa firk th iwt lar th dks dbz ckj mins k djrs fks fd thou esa gd&gyky dh jksvh [kkuk rfkk dhkh fj or vkfn er ysuk vksj viuh dekbz ls nlksa/k vfkkzr nloka fgllk fudkyrs jguk rfkk c;kl msjs hkstrs jguka blh izdkj gqvk iwt lar th us viuh lpph dekbz [kkbz rfkk mlesa ls nlksa/k fudkydj tek djrs jgrs fks vksj mls c;kl msjs esa igqapk nsrs fksa ekeh th dks vkils cgqr i;kj fkk blfy og chp&chp esa vki dks vius ikl cqyk ysrh fkha ogka ij hkh vki th dh i kbz pyrh jgrh fkha lkjk ifjokj mpp i kbz esa fo okl djrk fkka igys hkh ?kj esa dbz cgqr i s fy[ks fksa ekek th ds xkao esa iwt lar th efgekflag okyk xako esa i us tkrs fksa ogha ls gh vkius ikapoha d{kk ikl dha bl xkao esa ml le u;k gh ldwy ikapoha js.kh rd [kqyk fkka ;g ldwy gtwj lkou kkg th dh gosyh ds ,d dejs esa [kksyk x;k fkk rfkk gtwj lkfgc ds ,d hkrhts ljnkj xqjcpu flag iwt lar th dks i k;k djrs fksa bl le iwt lar th dks gtwj lkfgc dh /kez&iruh ftugsa ;g i;kj ls ekrk th dg dj iqdkjrs fks ds pj.kksa esa [ksyus dk cgqr lkshkkx feyk rfkk :gkuh vksj lkalkfjd nksuksa izdkj dh i kbz;ka pyrh jgha bl le dbz fofp ?kvuk,a ?kvus yxh tks iwt lar th dg nsrs og iwjh gks tkrh gsa ,d ckj iwt lar th csbs&csbs dgus yxs fd veqd dm+h vwv dj nr ls fxj tk,xh vksj ogh gqvka ekeh th dbz ckj fpurk djrh dh bldk d;k dkj.k gs dbz ckj mugsa dgrh Þeqag lsa dksbz ckr u fudkyk djksßa msjk c;kl esa ,d chch ukeksa th jgk djrh fkha og lpps ikr kkg gtwj lkou kkg th dh lsok hkh djrh fkh rfkk cgqr vh;klh rfkk :gkuh igqap j[krh fkha chch th iwt lar th ds [kkunku ls hkyh&hkkafr ifjfpr fkh d;ksafd msjs esa gtwj lkfgc vksj iwt lar th ds ifjokjksa dk es=ho k ,d txg gh jgus dk izcu/k gksrk fkka ,d ckj tc iwt lar th dks lkfk ysdj lelr ukuk ifjokj msjs esa igqapk rks chch ukeksa th vpkud vk igqapha og fdlh fo ks k lksp esa [kks xbza dqn le eksu jg dj og cm+h fole;dkjh ok.kh ls cksyh Þvkxs :gkuh rkdr bl ¼iwt lar th lesr ukuk ifjokj½ ?kj esa okl djsxhßa bruh vlk/kkj.k ckr dg dj og pyh xbza lcus bl hkfo ok.kh dk vfkz le>us dh dksf k k dha lhkh dk ladsr iwt lar th ds ekek ljnkj gfjflag dh vksj gqvk d;ksafd og larksa tsls lohkko ds fksa muds uksdjh ij ckgj tkus ds ,d eghuk i pkr mudk iq isnk gqvk fkk ijurq og 11 lky i pkr gh ?kj okfil yksvs fksa og osjkxh rfkk riloh o`fr ds ekuo fksa vr lhkh us lkspk fd og vkxs pydj chch th ds dfkukuqlkj cgqr cm+s lar cusaxsa ijurq ekrk ukeks th ;g hkfo ok.kh uugas ckyd :ih iwt esustj lkfgc ds fo k esa dg jgh fkh fd og cm+s

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p. 7

gksdj lar f kjksef.k cu :gkuh kfdr ds iztofyr iqat gks vius dqy dk uke jks ku djsaxsaa ;g rf lgh lkfcr gqvk ftldk ifj.kke gekjh vka[kksa ds le{k gsa izk ;g fuf pr rf gs fd :gkuh igqap ds egkrekvksa esa ,d kfdr vk tkrh gs ftls okd flf dgk tkrk gs vfkkzr tks og dgrk gs iw.kz gks tkrk gsa iwt lar th us pksfkh&ikapoha d{kk xkao efgekflag okyk ls ikl dh rfkk vkxs i kbz ds fy ,axykslald`r gkbz ldwy [kuuk ftyk yqf/k;kuk ¼iatkc½ esa izos k fd;ka [kuuk ml le vkids xkao ls yxhkx pkj ehy fkka vki isny gh ldwy esa tkrs fksa xehz&lnhz dh dksbz fpurk u djrs fksa vki dh d{kk rfkk ldwy esa cgqr bttr gksrh fkh d;ksafd i kbz esa fuiq.k fks vksj hkfdrhkko esa jgrs fksa dhkh fdlh ls dksbz >xm+k ugha djrs fksa vki dh yxku vksj fu vgark dks ns[kdj v kid dbz ckj nwljs cppksa dks mnkgj.k fn;k djrs Þbl ¼iwt lar th½ tsls cuks tks pkj ehy isny pydj lnso lozizfke ldwy igqaprk gs vksj lcls igys ldwy dk dke djrk gsßa vki us fnu&jkr ,d dj vpns vad izkir dj nloha js.kh dh ijh{kk mrh.kz dha vki brus esgurh fks fd ?kj ds dke&dkt esa iw.kz lg;ksx nsrs fksa ;g ckr rks esaus hkh viuh vka[kksa ls ns[kh gs fd vki cgqr esgurh fksa esa ,d ckj pkpk d k yky th rfkk muds hkrhts jh lqjsunz dqekj th ls feyka ,d ckj iwt lar th xehz dh yw esa nr ij p s dke esa o;lr fksa buds gkfk rkjdksy ls lus fks vksj rkjdksy fi?kyus ij cgqr d v gks jgk fkka rhkh ,d iqjkuk ifjfpr vk;k vksj iwt lar th dks dgus yxk Þlquk hkkbz esustj vktdy og ia[ks rfkk dqlhz rks ;kn ugha vkrh ß iwt lar th gal im+s vksj cksys Þhkbz esustj dh ikap lky dh dekbz ;gha rks yxh gsa ikap lks :i eghus ds sfglkc ls rhl gtkj :i dh ru[kkg blus vc rd nksm+h gsa og lc msjs esa gh rks yxh gs tks bl dfbu esgur ds :i esa gsaßa ml le iwt lar th dks uksdjh nksm+dj msjs esa jgrs gq dsoy ikap o kz gh gq fksa rri pkr firk th us iwt lar th dks vksj i kbz djus ij tksj fn;k tcfd ml le nloha ikl djuk hkh cgqr cm+h i

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p. 8

lkou kkg th ls cm+s e/kqj ,oa ?kfu b laca/k fksa gtwj lkfgc crk;k djrs fks fd finys tue esa rhu kcn ds vh;klh fksa ,d ckj gtwj lkfgc cgqr chekj gks x vksj mkdvjksa us [kwu p kuk pkgka gtwj lkfgc us viuh bpnk ls [kwu nsus ds fy diwj lkfgc dks gh pquka ,d lky iwt lar th tkyu/kj esa hkh jgsa rc os ogka mh-lh e esa esustj fksa ogka ij buds laca/k ljnkj cgknqj ljnkj hkxr flag ,moksdsv ds lkfk im x,a iwt lar th izk muds ikl vkrs&tkrs jgrs fksa ,d ckj ,smoksdsv lkfgc chekj im x rks mudss hkkbz ljnkj cgknqj ljnkj txr flag th mudh ns[khkky ds fy tkyu/kj vkdj jgus yxsa ljnkj txr flag th hkh iwt lar th dks vius iq=ksa dh rjg i;kj djrs fksa ¼ljnkj txr flag th ckn esa gtwj lkfgc ds i pkr c;kl msjk ds lapkyd cu x fks½a fdruh fofp ?kvuk gs fd iwt lar th dks thou esa izkjehk ls gh ,slh laxr feyrh jgh tks muds eu esa igys ls fojkteku lrxq ds i;kj dks vksj c krh jgha laxr feyuk hkh finys tueksa dh hkfdr ij gh fuhkzj djrk gs d;ksafd laxr dk gekjs thou esa vr;ur egro gsa ;fn ,d vaxhbh esa im+s vkx esa tyrs yky dks;yksa esa ls ,d dks;yk mbkdj ,d vksj j[k fn;k tk rks vaxhbh esa im+s dks;yksa ls igys bamk gks tk,xka bldk dkj.k dsoy okrkoj.k gs d;ksafd vaxhbh esa im+s dks;yksa dk okrkoj.k cgqr xez gksrk gs vksj dks;yksa dks nsj rd tyus esa lgk;rk djrk gs tcfd vyx im+s gq dks;ys ds pkjkas vksj dk okrkoj.k bamk gksus ls ml dks;ys dks kh?kz gh bamk dj nsrk gsa bhd mlh izdkj iwt lar th ds thou esa gqvka lrxq dks feyus dh rm+i buds vunj lokszpp lfkku izkir djrh jgh vksj nwljh phtsa xks.k :i esa gksrh jgha fookg tc iwt lar th ,e ¼qkbzuy½ d{kk esa i jgs fks rks buds fookg dh rs;kjh gks xbza vki us fookg djokus ls badkj dj fn;k d;ksafd ,e dh ijh{kk cgqr lehi fkha viuh lxkbz dk rks vkidks irk gh u fkk fd dc gqbz fkh crkrs gs fd vki ds llqj th cktkj esa tkrs&tkrs vkids rkÅ th dks ,d :i;k idm+k dj fj rk iddk dj x fks tcfd vkidh vk;q dsoy pkj ikap o kz dh gh fkha vki pkgrs fks fd igys dksbz uksdjh fey tk rc fookg gksa nwljs ijh{kk cgqr lehi fkha vki us firk th dks fookg ds fy lkq euk dj fn;ka tc vki ds izksqlj dks bl laca/k esa irk pyk rks mugsa hkh cgqr nq k gqvk vksj mugksaus fookg :dokus ds fy ,d i vkids firk th dks fy[kka firk th og i ysdj vkidks eukus ds fy vki ds ekek th ds ikl igqaps fpv~bh fn[kkdj lkjk o rkur lquk;ka ekek th us vkids Åij tksj mkyk vksj vkidks fookg djokuk gh im+ka d;ksafd ekek th ds vki ds Åij vusdksa vglku fksa vki dh /kez&iruh jhefr xqjn;ky dksj fkha og vkjahk esa rks vius ifjokj ds jax esa fkh d;ksafd vkids llqjky okys xsj lrlaxh fks rfkk lkl th ds flok lc gh ekal [kk;k djrs fksa vkidh /kez&iruh th hkh [kk;k djrh fkha fookg ls nks eghus igys lrxq th us ,slk [ksy [ksyk fd vkidh /kez&iruh dks bruh ?k kk gqbz fd ,d fnu idk&idk;k ekal irhyh lesr ckgj qsad vkbz vksj nwljs ekl [kkus okyksa ls hkh ?k kk djus yx im+ha ;gh dkj.k fkk fd og vius firk rfkk hkkbz ds ikl cgqr de tkrh fkha vkius iwt lar th ds thou esa cgqr cm+k ;ksxnku fn;ka vki lppk lksnk fljlk esa lsok fd;k djrh fkh rfkk rc iwt lar th dks osjkx gqvk vksj msjs fljlk esa jgus dk fu.kz fd;k rks vkius iwt lar elrkuk th ds le{k cgqr cgknqjh fn[kkdj iwt lar th ds ?kj ckj nksm+us ij [kq kh izdv dh fkha ckn esa vkius xkao esa jgdj vius cppksa dh ns[khkky fcuk iwt lar th ds lo;a gh dh fkha iwt lar th ds

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p. 9

llqjky okyksa us dbz ckj iwt lar th dks ekal f[kykus dh ps bk dh ijurq og lqy ugha gq,a uksdjh mu fnuksa uksdjh dk feyuk cgqr dfbu fkka ,e ch rfkk ,y y-ch rd chl&chl ipphl&ipphl :i dh uksdjh dks rjlrs fksa fgunqlrku esa tezuh dk ,d csad fkk ftldk eq ky fnyyh esa fkka ogka ij iwt lar th ds ekek th dk ,d fe jh ,e-lh iqjh lqfizuvsamsauv yxk gqvk fkka mugksaus crk;k fd ogka ,e ,y y-oh dks og 20 :i izfr ekg fn;k djrs fks vksj 6 eghus dh vªsfuax ds i pkr 40 :i eghuk dj nsrs fksa iqjh lkfgc ogka lcls cm+s hkkjrh vf/kdkjh fks fj or nsdj dbz vpnh uksdfj;ka feyrh fkh tsls fd fkkusnkj lc vksojlh;j okvj odzl lqijbuvsamsav vkfn ijurq vki fj or nsdj uksdjh djuk ilun ugha djrs fksa ,d ckj fdlh lsok fuo`r vqlj dks flqkfj k ds fy ysdj tk jgs fks rks ekxz esa mlus pk eaxokbza tc vki pk ihus yxs rks mlus lkfk v.ms ykus dks hkh dgk ijurq vkius v.ms ykus ls lkq budkj dj fn;k vksj uksdjh ls hkha osls firk th ds ikl cm+s&cm+s vf/kdkjh vkrs&tkrs jgrs fks vksj mudks cgqr cm+s&cm+s vkneh tkurs fksa ,d ckj uksdjh dh [kkst esa gh firk th us iwt laar th dks cryk;k Þikl ds gh xkao esa ,d lsokfuo`r ukte ¼mh-lh-½ ljnkj cppu flag jgrs gsaa muds ikl :d tkuk vksj esjk uke ys nsukßa iwt lar th pys x,a og cw k fkk vksj dejs ls ckgj de gh vkrk fkka mldk ym+dk ckgj vk;k vksj mugsa mlds ikl ys x;ka og feydj vfr izluu gqvka mldh bruh [kq kh c h fd lkjh jkr gh finyh ckrsa djrk jgka og egkjktk ukhkk dk laca/kh hkh fkka tc vaxzst egkjktk dks fxj¶rkj dj tsy ys pys rks og tkrs&tkrs nks lks fo?ks tehu mlds uke yxok x fksa iwjs ikap o kz /kdds [kkus ds i pkr yxhkx 20 tuojh 1939 dks vkidks taxykr fohkkx esa ukhkk fj;klr esa njksxk ckm+k dh uksdjh fey xbza ogka nslh efguksa ls gh dk;z pyrk fkka osru dsoy 20 :i izfr ekg fkka fuokl vkfn dh lqfo/kk hkh fkha lc dgrs fks fd bugsa cgqr vpnh uksdjh fey xbza fczxsfm;j ljnkj cgknqj cpu flag vius fohkkx ds vfrfjdr taxykr fohkkx ds hkh lc ls cm+s vf/kdkjh fksa tc iwt lar th muds ikl dk;zhkkj ysus igqaps rks mugksaus le>k;k Þdkdk ns[kksa esa fdl in ij dk;zjr gwa ;fn esjs [kkuk [kkrs le dksbz ljdkjh dke vk x;k rks esaus >v ls [kkuk nksm igys ljdkjh dk;z fd;k gsa ;fn rqe esgur vksj bzekunkjh viukvksxs rks inksuufr ikvksxs vu;fkk ftl in ij rqe vk gks ;gka dk igyk njksxk tsy esa csbk gsßa lrxq dh d`ik ls iwt lar th dks fczxsfm;j lkfgc ds ;g kcn cgqr gh eu hkk vksj vius dk;z esa iwjh :fp vksj fu bk ls tqv x,a18 ls 20 ?kavs rd izfrfnu dke djrs jgrsa vkids ikl fofhkuu izdkj ds dk;z fks rfkk fnu vksj jkr dh lsok fkha tc hkh vkidks vius dk;z ls le feyrk vki lqijbu&vsmsav taxykr ds dk;kzy esa tkrs vksj ;fkklehko mldh lgk;rk djrs jgrsa ljnkj cgknqj vkidks vksj hkh dk;z lksai nsrsa og fj;klr dh dksbz hkh gkfu ugha lg ldrs fksa iwt lar th ds ek e ls gh lelr jkt dh lkexzh rqy dj tkrh fkha dbz ckj rks og vkidks xkfm ksa ds lkfk tkus dks hkh dgrk rkfd ekxz esa dgha lkexzh mrj u tk ;k pksjh u gks tk,a gkfkh [kkuk hkh ikl esa gh fkka mlds bapktz gkfkh [kkus dk eky pksjh ls csp nsrs fksa mudh ns[khkky djus ds fy hkh iwt lar th dh m wvh yxk nh xbza vki us lc vfu;ferrk,a can djok nha mu fnuksa ogka dsoy ,d gh gkfkh gksrk fkka gkfkh dqn gh fnuksa esa eksvk gsk x;ka og iwt lar th dks cgqr i;kj djus yx im+k fkka tc budks og vkrs ns[krk rks [kq kh ls >weus yx im+rka

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p. 10

ljnkj cgknqj iwt lar th ds dk;z dh cgqr iz kalk djrs fksa mudh vkkk ysdj ,d ckj iwt lar th Þizsthmsav dkÅafly vkwq jhtsalhß dks feysa og jkts dh txg dk;z djrk fkk vksj ,d vaxzst fkka vkius muls inksuufr dh csurh dha og eku x;k vksj dgus yxk Þvki vius bapktz ls flqkfj k djok ykvks esa oslk gh dj nwaxkßa iwt lar th fczxsfm;j lkfgc ds ikl vk vksj lc o`rkur lquk;k rfkk flqkfj k fy[kus dh csurh dha ijurq fczxsfm;j lkfgc us dqn vksj gh lksp j[kk fkka og cksys Þxqjc k flag tslh rsjh bpnk gs esa rks oslk gh dj nsrk gwa ijurq esa rqegkjs Åij cgqr gh [kq k gwaa esaus rq>s qksjslvj ds in ij fu;qfdr djokus dh lksp j[kh gsa vc rqe lo;a gh fu.kz dj yksß og txg hkh cgqr gh vpnh fkha taxykr ds fohkkx esa ml le lqijbu&vsamsav taxykr ls uhps ;gh cm+k in fkka blls vpnh uksdjh rks kk;n izsthmsav lkfgc hkh u ns ldrs fksa vr vki eksu gks x,a ,d ckj izsthmsav lkfgc vkidk dk;z ns[kus vk,a mugksaus tkap dh rks tjusy lkfgc us mrj fn;k Þfcydqy bhd gsa ;gka gsjk&qsjh dk dksbz hkh izcu/k ugha gks ldrka bldk ,d gh izcu/k gks ldrk gs fd ;fn ;gka dk bapktz bzekunkj gks rks dksbz gsjk&qsjh ughs gks ldrha ;fn og csbzeku gks rks dksbz hkh izcu/k dj yks lc o;fkz fl gksxka igyk bapktz csbzeku fkk og tsy esa im+k gsaß fqj izsthmsav lkfgc us iwt lar th ds laca/k esa iwn&rkn dh rks tjusy lkfgc us qjek;k Þydm+h ds lvksj esa gksrs gq tgka ij ydm+h ds nksvs&nksvs fnyds fev~vh esa feydj fev~vh gks tkrs gsa ;g vius fy cktkj ls ydm+h eksy ykdj tyk;k djrk fkka ijurq esaus bls jksd fn;k fkk fd ;g fohkkx dh cnukeh gsa ?kj dh jksvh ds fy ckgj ls ydm+h er yk;k dja cm+h dfbukbz ls bls euk;k vksj vc blus ,d nksvh lh vaxhbh j[kh gqbz gsa ftlesa nksvs&nksvs o;fkz vqdm+s gh tykrk gsaß ;g lqudj izsthmsav lkfgc us iwt lar th dh rjq ns[kk vksj gal im+sa vr tjusy lkfgc us finys qksjslvj dks lsok fuo`r dj fn;k vksj ml dh txg iwt lar th dh fu;qfdr dj nha vkidk osru 20 :i izfr ekg ls 30 :i izfr ekg gks x;ka blds lkfk 15 :i ekfld ?kksm+s dk hkrrk hkh fkka ijurq vkius ;g 5 :i izfr ekg lkbzfdy hkrrk esa cnyok fn;ka ml le okf kzd muufr dsoy ,d :i;k ;k vkb vkus gh gksrh fkha dqn le cgqr kkafr ls chrka dqn le ds i pkr jkt cny x;ka ea=h ifj kn hkh cny xbza tks jktk igys ukckfyx fkk mlus vkdj jkt lahkky fy;ka lelr taxykr fohkkx hkh cny x;k vksj fdlh nwljs vf/kdkjh ds v/khu pyk x;ka iwt lar th u vqljksa ds vlwyksa ij pyus esa vlefkzrk vuqhko djus yxsa taxy esa f kdkj [ksyus dk izcu/k buds ftees yxk fn;k x;k ftldks ;s ughas dj ldrs fksa nwljs os yksx le>rs fks fd iwt lar th tjusy lkfgc ds vkneh gsa bl izdkj taxykr dk fohkkx nwvus ds i pkr fkksm+s&fkksm+s le ds fy dbz uksdfj;ka feyh ijurq lhkh fdlh u fdlh dkj.ko k nwvrh jgha iwt lar th dk dk;z lc txg vpnk vksj larks ktud jgka ykgksj esa iwt lar th dk ,d fe jh xqjpj.k nkl diwj jgrk fkk ftldk igys hkh o`rkur vk pqdk gsa mldk ,d ifjfpr ykgksj esa dyksfnax qsdvjh esa dk;zjr fkka og 70 :i ekfld osru ysrk fkka og lar th dks vius lkfk ys x;k rfkk dgk Þvki esjs ikl jgks rfkk esa vkidks dqn dfvax dk dk;z fl[kk nwaxk vksj dkj[kkus esa ijh{kk fnyk nwaxka ;fn ikl gks x rks vkidks thfodk fey tk,xhßa iwt lar th us ,slk gh fd;ka ,d lirkg esa gh vkius lkjk dk;z lh[k fy;ka ijh{kk ns nh vksj vf/kdkjh brus izluu gq fd uksdjh rks 70 :i izfr ekg fkh ijurq vkidks 105 :i izfr

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p. 11

ekg dh uksdjh ns nha lrxq us ogka hkh vki dks u fvdus fn;k d;ksafd ml uksdjh esa dqn le ds fy enzkl tkuk vfuok;z fkka vr og uksdjh hkh nwv xbza iwt lar th fcuk dk;z csbuk ilun ugha djrs fks vksj u gh vius ?kj okyksa ij dksbz cks cuuk pkgrs fksa vki dh izkjehk ls gh ,slh vknr jgh fd vius vki dks ?kj ls fhkuu le>rs fks vksj ?kj esa ,sls fuokl djrs fks tsls ;g fdlh vksj dk gh gsa vkius jkstxkj ikus ds fy fqj nksm /kwi vkjehk dj nha vkids dqn laca/kh fnyyh esa hkkjr ljdkj ds ,d dk;kzy esa dk;zjr fksa ,d laca/kh fnyyh esa fgunqlrku ds ok;ljk dk gsmdyzd fkka mldh igqap ls vkidks 120 tek 11 mh :i izfr ekl dh ,d nwljh uksdjh hkh fey jgh fkh ijurq vkius izkfkzuk i ugha fn;k vfirq fefyvªh fohkkx esa ysoj lqijokbztj dh uksdjh dj yha ;g dpph vksj nsfud vk/kkj ij fkha vki tc igys fnu viuh uksdjh ij x rks ,d ljnkj th us vkidks pksduuk djds lwfpr fd;k Þtks yscj vkidks feyh gs og lkjh jksgrd dh gsa bl yscj us fdlh hkh yscj lqijokbztj dks fcuk ihvs ugha nksm+kßa vr vki lahky x ijurq hk;hkhr ugha gq,a vkius cm+s i;kj ls yscj ds lkfk o;ogkj fd;ka og vkids i;kj ls cgqr izhkkfor gq vksj vkidks vius ifjokj dh gh rjg ekuus yx im+sa nwljs yscj lqijokbztj ;g ns[k dj pfdr jg x,a lrxq dh ,slh d`ik jgh fd ekj&ihv vksj ym+kbz >xm+k djus dh rks dhkh flfkfr gh ugha gqbza ,d fnu vkidk dk;kzy bapktz ogka vk x;k tks fd ,d vaxzst fkka mlus vki ls cm+s izse ls ckrphr kq dj nha og vkids dk;z ls cgqr izluu gqvka vkius mls izluu ns[kdj viuh inksuufr ds laca/k esa izkfkzuk dh tks mlus rqjur lohdkj dj yha mlus vki dks vius dk;kzy esa cqyk;k vksj oh-lh-vks ds in ds fy vkidh flqkfj k cm+s vqljksa ds ikl Åij hkst nha ml iz kalk dh dkih vkt hkh miyc/k gs tks uhps nh tkrh gs mr gurbakhash singh labour supervisor has worked under me as a l.s in cheverolet group and has shoun ablity and fitness .i can thoronghly recommend him to be appointed as a potential v.c.o vehicle control offier date :9-10-1943 signatures w.r still well captain i.a.o.c g.o chevcrolet delh depot mijksdr iz kalk i dk fgunh vuqokn uhps fn;k x;k gs lsojksysv xzqi esa felvj xqjc k flag yscj lqijokbtj us esjs v/khu crksj ,y l-¼yscj lqijokÃtj½ dk;z fd;k gs vksj blus vnhkqr ;ksx;rk dk ifjp fn;k gsa esa fulladksp bl dh ohlh-vks ds in ij fu;qfdr dh flqkfj k djrk gwaa rkjh[k 9&10&1943 glrk{kj mcy;w-vkj vks-lh dirku vkbz vks-lh th-vks-lsojksysv fnyyh fmiksa

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p. 12

tc iwt lar th bl fohkkx esa dk;zjr fks rks bugsa irk pyk fd fnyyh dykfk fey ds dqn vksj hkamkj [kqyus gsa vksj muds fy dbz u ym+ds ysus gsaa iwt lar th us ;g dk;z ilun fd;k d;ksafd ;g pkgrs fks fd ;fn i;kzir vuqhko izkir gks x;k rks dksbz viuk futh dk;z hkh ?kj tk dj ldrs gsaa vki dh ogka dksbz igqap ugha fkh fqj hkh /ks;z ugha [kks;k rfkk fnyyh dykfk fey ds dk;kzy esa tkdj ,d izkfkzuk i ns vk,a vki dks bavjo;w ds fy cqyk;k x;k rfkk fcuk fdlh igqap ds gksrs gq hkh vkidks pqu fy;k x;k tcfd dbz vpnh igqap okyksa dks ugha pquk x;ka vkidks dydz ds in ij fu;qdr dj lwvk cktkj ykgksj ds mhiw esa hkst fn;k x;ka ;g ckr uoacj 1943 dh gsa ogka vki us [kwc dk;z fd;ka vf/kdkfj;ksa dk ,d ny vkids mhiw esa dk;z fujh{k.k djus vk;ka og ny vki ds dk;z ls bruk izluu gqvk fd dsoy n eghus ds vyidky esa gh vkidh flqkfj k esustj ds in ds fy dj nh vksj lrxq dh d`ik ls vkidks fjthfoax esustj inksuur dj vkidh bpnkuqlkj yqf/k;kuk ds hkamkj esa yxk fn;k x;ka ogka vki izk nksjs ij gh jgrs fksa igys&igy vkidks xqtjkr esa ,d eghus ds fy hkstus dk vkns k fn;k x;ka tkus ls igys cm+s vf/kdkfj;ksa us vkidks ve`rlj esa tgka ij iatkc dk lcls cm+k dk;kzy fkk cqyk;ka ogka ij vkidh m wvh ,d u dke ds fy yxk nh xbza bugha fnuksa xqtjkr esa iqfyl dezpkfj;ksa vksj hkamkj ds dezpkfj;ksa dh vkil esa [khapkrkuh py jgh fkha vr vkidks nksuksa esa ruko lekir djus ds fy yxk fn;k x;ka vkius lg kz ;g dk;z lahkky fy;ka ogka vkidks dbz dfbukbz;ksa dk lkeuk djuk im+k d;ksafd ogka [kkus dks vpnh olrq,a cgqr de feyrh fkha eqlyekuksa dk {ks fkka gj rjq ekal gh ekal fkka blh chp iqfyl vf/kdkjh nqdku ij vk x,a vki mudh gj ckr dks rks iwjh ugha dj lds ijurq og cgqr izluu gksdj x vksj /khjs khjs ruko lekir gks dj kkafr dk okrkoj.k isnk gks x;ka bl izdkj vki yxhkx ms lky nksjksa ij jgs vksj fglkj lksuhir xqm+xkaoka vkfn {ks=ksa esa ?kwesa blds i pkr dqn u hkamkj [kksyus dh ;kstuk cuha vkids ftees nks u hkamkj yxk fn ,d hkfvamk vksj nwljk ifv;kyk dka bu hkamkjksa dks vkius tkdj pykuk fkka igys vki hkfvamk x vksj lkjs dezpkfj;ksa dks vªsfuax nha esustj dks hkh dke fl[kk;k d;ksafd og u;k vkneh fkk vksj lh/ks esustj gh hkjrh gqvk fkka og fdlh fo ks k o;fdr dk laca/kh fkka bl hkamkj dks pykus ds i pkr vki ifv;kyk pys x,a ogka ij vkids fohkkx ds nwljs vf/kdkjh vk gq fksa bl hkamkj ds mn kkvu lekjksg ij fj;klr ds mpp vf/kdkfj;ksa dks cqyk;k x;ka ckn esa ,d izn kzuh yxha bl izn kzuh esa vkidks hkh hkkx ysus dks dgk x;ka vkids hkamkj ls hkh lkeku iznf kzr fd;k x;ka jktk lkfgc hkh izn kzuh ns[kus vk,a og cgqr izluu gq vksj mugkssaus vkids fohkkx ls feydj hkfvamk esa ,d fey hkh yxkus dh ;kstuk cukbz ijurq ckn esa ;g ;kstuk jn~n gks xbza vkids dk;z rfkk lw>cw ls izluu gksdj vkidks lvsv dh rjq ls iz kalk i izfke lrj iznku fd;k x;ka bldh udy uhps nh tkrh gs the 7th patiala industrial and agricultural exibition 1946 under the auspices of his highness government commendation certificate 1st class granted to mr gurbakash singh manager delhi cloth mills store patiala for commendable work done during the 7th patiala industrial and agricultural exhibition 1946.

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p. 13

signatures chairman 7th patiala industrial and agricultural exhibition patiala fgunh vuqokn lkroha vks|ksfxd ,oa [ksrhckm+h ¼d`f k½ izn kzuh ifv;kyk 1946 ¼egkjkt dh ljdkj ds laj{kd v/khu½ izfke js.kh ljnkj xqjc k flag izcu/kd fnyyh dim+k fey hkamkj ifv;kyk dks iznku fd;k x;ka lkroha vks|ksfxd ,oa d`f k izn kzuh ifv;kyk 1946 ds volj ij fd x iz kaluh dk;z ds dkj.ka ¼glrk{kj v k½ lkroha ifv;kyk vks|ksfxd ,oa d`f k izn kzuh ifv;kyka nks pkj eghus ifv;kyk esa yxkus ds i pkr tc hkamkj dk dk;z lqpk :i ls py im+k rks vki hkfvamk vk x,a ,d rks ogka ij fey yxus dh ;kstuk ls dk;z esa o`f gksuh fkh nwljs vki nksvh txg jg dj vf/kd izluu fksa hkfvamk ds vanj vkidks ljnkj rkjk flag ¼ljnkj lqunj flag ds hkrhts tks fd gtwj lkou kkg th ds lsoknkj fksa½ dh laxr feyrh jgha og lpps ikr kkg vksj iwt elrkuk th dh cgqr ckrsa lquk;k djrs fksa iwt elrkuk th tks fd cyksfplrku ds jgus okys fks ije lar gtwj egkjkt lkou flag th ds fprk gq fksa mugksaus bruh hkfdr dh fd os hkh ije lar dh mpp inoh ik x fks tks gtwj egkjkt lkou flag th ds vkns k ij fljlk vk fks rkfd ckxm ds {ks dk mkj gks ldsa ije lar elrkuk th dk esaus [kwc v u fd;k gsa mu tslk lar dksbz fojyk gh bl lalkj esa vk;k gsa mudh efgek kcnksa esa o;dr ugha dh tk ldrha fljlk esa orzeku msjk lppk lksnk iwt elrkuk th dk gh cuk;k gqvk gsa esaus tc iwt elrkuk th ds ckjs esa lkfgr i k rfkk yksxksa ls muds ckjs esa ppkz dh rks esjk eu cgqr hkkoqd gks mbk Þdk k ,sls lar th dh laxr esjs tsls nqhkkzx kkyh tho ds hkkx esa hkh gksrhßa og dksbz hkxoku ;k lrxq ds gh nwr fks d;ksafd muds dk;z gh vk p;z tud fksa lar th dk fljlk esa vkuk lu 1947 ds vur esa mhÛlhÛ,eÛ deiuh dh vksj ls dqn vksj u hkamkj [kksyus dh ;kstuk cuha buesa fljlk dk uke hkh fkka blh kgj fljlk esa gtwj lkfgc lkou kkg th vkerksj ij lrlax ds fy vk;k djrs fksa vc ;g le fkk fd iwt lar th dh ;g pkg dqn&dqn iw.kz gks ldrh fkh fd fdl izdkj ml egku kfdr ¼gtwj lkou kkg th½ dh laxr fey ldsa iwt lar th us rqjur vius vf/kdkfj;ksa dks fy[k hkstk fd bugsa fljlk cny fn;k tk,a vf/kdkjh u ekus d;ksafd fljlk hkfvamk ls nksvk lfkku fkk vksj os bu tsls ifjiw.kz iq k dks hkfvamk j[kuk pkgrs fks ijurq iwt lar th us mu vf/kdkfj;ksa dks vius eu dh bpnk ls voxr djok;ka budk s rks larkas dk lrlax fkka vurr lc vf/kdkjh eku x vksj budh cnyh fljlk dj nh xbz a ml le dbz fe=ksa vksj lacaf/k;ksa us hkh vkidks jksdk ijurq ,d kfdr vkids vunj fljlk tkus ds fy ck dj jgh fkha vkidks hkyk bl rf dk d;k irk fkk fd gtwj lkfgc pksyk nksm+

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p. 14

tk,axs vksj iwt elrkuk th dk :i /kkj dj vkidks lpps lksns dh qkst esa hkrhz dj ysaxsaa vkidk blls igys iwt elrkuk th ls dksbz fo ks k laca/k ugha fkka ije lar elrkuk th ls laca/k tslh laxr oslh jaxr okyh dfkk iwt lar th ds thou esa iw.kzr pfjrkfkz gqbza ;g ckr hkh bhd gs fd ekuo lax ls gh curk vksj fcxm+rk gsa gekjs thou eas ;fn ge >kadh ekj dj ns[kas rks gesa irk pysxk fd ge ogh gsa tslk geus lax fd;k gsa fo ks k o;fdr egroiw.kz nki gekjs thou esa nksm tk;k djrs gsaa ,d eksds ¼fnlecj 1938½ esa msjk ckck tsey flag c;kl esa lrlax gqvk bl lrlax esa eklvj rkjk flag vksj muds lkfkh oksvksa ds fy c;kl vk,a ljnkj cgknqj ljnkj hkxr flag th odhy tkyu/kj okyksa us [kms gksdj turk ds lkeus cgqr lh egroiw.kz ckrsa dha odhy lkfgc ,d vpns t;ksfr kh hkh fksa mugksaus crk;k fd fnyyh ds ,d izfl t;ksfr kh us vki ls feydj gtwj lkfgc dh tue i=h ns[kh vksj irk pyk fd lpps ikr kkg dh vk;q muds vius gh gkfk esa gsa tc bl fo k esa lppks ikr kkg ls iwnk x;k rks mugksaus cryk;k Þdksbz 100 o kz dh vk;q dk vuqeku gsa ftruk laxr kkafr ls dk;z djus nsxh mruk gh djrs jgsaxsa ;fn bl nqfu;knkjh dh o;fkz ckrksa ds fy laxr o;fkz gh rax djsxh rks tynh pys tk,axsa vc esa cw k gks pqdk gwa vksj vf/kd dk;z djus dh {kerk ugha jgha laxr dks pkfg fd viuh desvh cuk ys vksj msjs dk dk;z lahkky ysa esa dsoy lrlax gh djrk jgwaxkßa ;g lqurs gh iwt esustj lkfgc th ds eu esa dbz izdkj ds fopkj vkrsa os lksprs jgrs fd ;fn gtwj lkfgc pksyk nksm x rks mudk d;k cusxk vfkkzr bruh vpnh laxr fqj dsls feysxh m/kj thou kiu dqn ,slk fkk fd iwt lar th gtwj lkfgc dh laxr esa vf/kd ugha jg ldrs fksa fny esa cspsuh lh jgrh fkha lksprs jgrs fd bl u oj lalkj ds >a>v tks fd fnu&izfrfnu c rs tk jgs gsa fdl izdkj bhd gksaxs dc gtwj lkfgc ds pj.kksa esa jgus dk kqhk volj izkir gksxk eu rm+irk jgrk fkk fd dksbz vpnh laxr feysa bl i;kl dks iwt elrkuk th us cq>k;ka ogka msjk c;kl esa hkh iwt elrkuk th dk uke cgqr izfl fkk vksj izsfe;ksa ls iwt lar th mudh vfkkzr iwt elrkuk th dh ppkz lquk djrs fksa iwt lar th dks ogha jgus dk lfkku fey tkrk tgka gtwj lkfgc dk ifjokj jgrk fkka tc iwt lar th hkfvamk ls fljlk cny dj vk rks yxhkx ,d lirkg rd lrlax ?kj fljlk esa gh jgs d;ksafd dksbz vpnk ?kj ,d ne ls ugha fey ldka vkids dejs ds lkfk gh iwt elrkuk th dh xqqk fkha izseh izfrfnu ogka vkrs fksa dhkh&dhkh iwt lar th dks hkh iwt elrkuk th ds n kzu gks tkrs fksa mlls igys hkh iwt lar th us ,d ckj iwt elrkuk th ds n kzu fd fksa ,d izseh ljnkj rkjk flag tks hkwfiunz ¶yksj feyt hkfvamk esa dk;zjr fkk iwt elrkuk th dh cgqr ckrssa lquk;k djrk fkka iwt lar th muds lkfk ,d ckj fljlk vk fksa mugksaus fldunjiqj tkuk fkka mldk pkpk ljnkj lqanj flag esgjk gtwj egkjkt th dh lsok esa jgk djrk fkka og hkh iwt lar th rfkk buds [kkunku dks hkyh izdkj tkurk fkka ml fnu fljlk lrlax ?kj esa iwt elrkuk th ds ifo n kzu gq fksa mugksaus ckrsa djrs&djrs galrs gq iwt lar th dh vksj ,d utj mkyh fkha ¼iwt elrkuk th ds pksyk nksm+us ds i pkr fcyksfplrku ds jh mrre pan us mudk tokuh dk fp tks fd lu 1932 esa [ksapk x;k fkk cspuk vkjahk fd;k rks iwt lar th dks fp ns[krs gh

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p. 15

;kn vk;k fd bugksaus igys hkh iwt elrkuk th ds n kzu fd fks tc os msjk c;kl esa fks ogka ij elrkuk th yaxj ds ikl fkkusnkj dh dksbh ds lkeus dqn lrlafx;ksa ls elrh dh gkyr esa ckrsa dj jgs fksa ogka ij iwt lar th dqn le :ds fksa og lwjr qksvks ns[krs gh ;kn vk xbz fkha½ yxhkx ,d lirkg rd iwt lar th ml lrlax ?kj esa jgsa vkidh /keziruh jhefr xqjn;ky dksj th dk laca/k ogka ij vkus okyh ekrk jd[kh th ls im x;ka og ogka ij izfrfnu iwt elrkuk th ds ikl lrlax ?kj esa lsok djrh fkha egkrek ukjk k lj th tks fd ikfdlrku ls vk fks hkh ogka lsok fd;k djrs fksa tc iwt lar th dks fljlk esa jgus ds fy edku fey x;k rks bugha egkrek ukjk k lj us iwt lar th dk lkjk lkeku mudh jsgm+h ij ks;k fkka ¼egkrek ukjk k th pksyk nksm x gsaa½ bl izdkj muls hkh lar th dk laca/k im x;ka fqj iwt lar th hkh jkr dks iwt elrkuk th dh dqfv;k esa tkus yx im+sa mu fnuksa ikfdlrku vksj fgunqlrku ds cavokjs ds dkj.k vkil esa drys geys ds le laxr dh rjq ls lkalkfjd dfbukbz;ksa dks nwj djus ds fy cgqr tksjksa ls iqdkjas msjk c;kl esa vkrh fkha ftl dkj.k ije lar lkou kkg th dkss kh?kz gh bl lalkj ls vyksi gksuk im+k vksj 2 vizsy 1948 dks gtwj lkfgc viuk dherh pksyk nksm x,a bl izdkj lartu nqfu;k dk cks>k mbkrs gq dqckzfu;ka nsrs vk gsaa iwt lar th dk er gs fd ;fn bl izdkj gtwj lkfgc nqfu;ka dk cks u mbkrs rks ikfdlrku vksj fgunqlrku dh vksj hkh cqjh gkyr gksrha vc iwt lar th gj rjq ls va/ksjs esa fks vksj mudh lc vk kkvksa ij ikuh fqj x;k fkka eu rax vksj cspsu jgus yx ikm+ka pkjkssa rjq v kkafr gh v kkafr fn[kkbz nsus yxh d;ksafd iwt lar th rks gtwj lkfgc dh laxr ds fy gh fljlk esa vk fksa ijurq gqvk fcydqy blds foijhr a vr ml le iwt elrkuk th dh laxr cgqr eu hkkus yxh vksj tc&tc cspsuh vuqhko gksrh iwt lar th mudh dqfv;k esa vk tkrs rfkk gtwj lkfgc dh cgqr lh ckrsa muds eq[k ls lqurs gh eu dks vkuun vk tkrka plrkuh ije lar elrkuk kkg fcyksfplrkuh eq>s iwt elrkuk th ds n kzu djus dk lkshkkx izkir ugha gqvk ijurq tc esa fljlk esa vk;k vksj muds ckjs esa yksxksa ds eq[k ls iz kalk ds kcn lqus rks iwt elrkuk th ds fo k esa vf/kd ls vf/kd tkuus dh ftkklk mriuu gqbza tks izseh buds fprk gq gsa ;k ftu dks hkh buds n kzu djus dk lkshkkx izkir gqvk gs budk uke lqurs gh [kq kh vksj myykl ls >we mbrs gsa tsls fd mugsa fdlh vf}rh vkuun dh izkfir gks xbz gksa os cyksfplrku ¼ikfdlrkuh½ ds jgus okys fks vksj gtwj egkjkt lkou kkg ds vkns k ij gh fljlk vk fksa ijurq vk p;ztud rf ;g gs fd vdsys vksj vui gksrs gq hkh mugksaus fljlk rfkk vklikl ds {ks esa vius k vksj :gkuh kfdr dh ,slh /kkd tekbz fd mudk uke nwj&nwj rd cgqr izfl gks x;ka tks hkh o;fdr muds leidz esa vk;k og mugha dk gks x;ka bugaha ije lar th dh d`ik iwt esustj lkfgc ij gqbz vksj bugha ds uwjh izhkko us iwt esustj lkfgc dks lnk&lnk ds fy :gkuh xqy ku dk :gkuh esustj cuk fn;ka iwt elrkuk th ds thou dk fooj.k uhps fn;k x;ka iwt elrkuk th 18 vizsy 1960 dks viuk kjhfjd pksyk nksm dj t;ksfr&t;ksr lek x,a vki dk uke lnk&lnk ds fy lw;z vksj punzek dh rjg pedrk jgsxka pksyk nksm+us ls igys vki us msjs dk lkjk dk;z ije lar esustj lkfgc dks lksai dj dgk Þvpnk hkbz esustj bu izsfe;ka uq tjk i;kj uky j[khaßa ijurq iwt esustj lkfgc dks dqn fo ks k dkj.kksa ls lppk lksnk fljlk nksm+us

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