united ateshist yi n dsta tory answ werkey y:solusi.9a 9f
issues dividing a nation sol usi 9a issues that divided the nation slavery while there were several differences between the north and the south the issues related to slavery increasingly divided the nation and led to the civil war cultural the north was mainly an urban society in which people held jobs the south was primarily an agricultural society in which people lived in small villages and on farms and plantations because of their cultural differences people in the north and south found it difficult to agree on social and political issues economic the north was a manufacturing region and its people favored tariffs that protected factory owners and workers from foreign competition the south was largely agricultural southerners opposed tariffs that would cause prices of manufactured goods to increase planters were also concerned that england might stop buying cotton from the south if tariffs were added constitutional a major conflict was states rights versus strong central government essential understanding cultural economic and constitutional differences between the north and the south eventually resulted in the civil war
compromises and war sol usi 9b issues that divided the nation an important issue separating the country related to the power of the federal government southerners believed that they had the power to declare any national law illegal northerners believed that the national government s power was supreme over that of the states southerners felt that the abolition of slavery would destroy their region s economy northerners believed slavery should be abolished for moral reasons compromises attempting to resolve differences missouri compromise 1820 missouri entered the union as a slave state main entered the union as a free state compromise of 1850 california entered the union as a free state southwest territories would decide about slavery kansas-nebraska act people in each state would decide the slavery issue popular sovereignty essential understanding the south feared that the north would take control of congress and southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of selfprotection the north believed that the nation was a union and could not be divided while the civil war did not begin as a war to abolish slavery issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation between the north and the south eventually resulted in the civil war
southern secession following lincoln s election the southern states seceded from the union confederate forces attacked fort sumter in south carolina marking the beginning of the civil war lincoln and many northerners believed that the united states was one nation that could not be separated or divided most southerners believed that states had freely created and joined the union and could freely leave it essential understanding the south feared that the north would take control of congress and southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of selfprotection the north believed that the nation was a union and could not be divided while the civil war did not begin as a war to abolish slavery issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation between the north and the south eventually resulted in the civil war
the union and the confederacy sol usi 9c union border states slave states 1 kentucky 2 maryland 3 delaware 4 missouri union free states 5 california 6 connecticut 7 illinois 8 indiana 9 iowa 10 kansas 11 maine 12 massachusetts 13 michigan 14 minnesota 15 new hampshire 16 new jersey 17 new york 18 ohio 19 oregon 20 pennsylvania 21 rhode island 22 vermont 23 west virginia 24 wisconsin confederate states seceded 1 alabama 2 arkansas 3 florida 4 georgia 5 louisiana 6 mississippi 7 north carolina 8 south carolina 9 tennessee 10 texas 11 virginia essential understanding southern states that were dependent upon labor-intensive cash crops seceded from the union northernmost slave states border states stayed in the union.
key individuals of the civil war sol usi 9d roles of civil war leaders abraham lincoln was president of the united states opposed the spread of slavery issued the emancipation proclamation determined to preserve the union by force if necessary believed the united states was one nation not a collection of independent states wrote the gettysburg address that said the civil war was to preserve a government of the people by the people and for the people jefferson davis was president of the confederate states of america ulysses s grant was general of the union army that defeated lee robert e lee was leader of the army of northern virginia was offered command of the union forces at the beginning of the war but chose not to fight against virginia opposed secession but did not believe the union should be held together by force urge southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as americans when some wanted to fight on
thomas stonewall jackson was a skilled confederate general from virginia frederick douglass was a former enslaved african american who escaped to the north and became an abolitionist
key events of the civil war sol usi 9e major battles and events the firing on fort sumter s.c began the war the first battle of manassas bull run was the first major battle the signing of the emancipation proclamation made freeing the slaves the new focus of the war many freed slaves joined the union army the battle of vicksburg divided the south the north controlled the mississippi river the battle of gettysburg was the turning point of the war the north repelled lee s invasion lee s surrender to grant at appomattox courthouse in 1865 ended the war influences of location and topography the union blockade of southern ports e.g savannah charleston new orleans control of the mississippi river e.g vicksburg battle locations influenced by the struggle to capture capital cities e.g richmond washington d.c control of the high ground e.g gettysburg essential understanding location and topography were critical elements influencing important developments in the civil war including major battles.
effects of the civil war sol usi 9f general effects of the war families and friends were often pitted against one another southern troops became increasingly younger and more poorly equipped much of the south was devastated at the end of the war disease was a major killer clara barton a civil war nurse created the american red cross combat was brutal and often man -to man women were left to run businesses in the north and farms and plantations in the south the collapse of the confederacy made confederate money worthless effects of the war on african americans african americans fought in both the confederate and union armies the confederacy often used enslaved african americans as naval crew members and soldiers the union moved to enlist african american sailors early in the war african american soldiers were paid less than white soldiers african american soldiers were discriminated against and served in segregated units under the command of white officers robert smalls a sailor and later a union naval captain was highly honored for his feats of bravery and heroism he became a congressman after the civil war essential understanding life on the battlefield and on the homefront was extremely harsh many died from disease and exposure.