SPE Digest 2nd Half 2018

 

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SPE digest- June -December 2018

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Second Half 2018 Edition SPE DIGEST NIGERIA COUNCIL ELECTRONIC COPY LIVING BEYOND THE BARREL “…No Nation thrives on mono-economy” “ Highlights of 2018 NAICE Technical Workshop on FDP ATCE 2018: Spotlight on Data Analytics in Oil & Gas Interview with Engr. Simbi Wabote (ES. NCDMB) “ …Today, 90% of what we use in the oil and gas industry is imported. We don't manufacture certain things here. That is a huge challenge.

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Editorial Team BUCHI OKEREKE Editor-In-Chief & SPE Nigerian Council Publicity Chair DANIEL OPUNABO Editor OLAWALE AJAYI Editor DATA JAJA Editor FRANCISCA CHIEDU Editor CHINYERE OFFOR Editor OLAMIDE ATOYEBI Editor Contributing Editors (Section Publicity Chairs) CHINENYE NWOGU (Lagos Section) BASSEY AKONG (Port Harcourt Section) FRANCIS OKO (Benin Section) PATRICK NDUFOR (Warri Section) CHIJIOKE UZOHO (Abuja Section) SPE Nigerian Council Secretariat INNOCENT OHIMOR FRANK AKEMI UDOCHUKWU AKUNNA Contact Us SOCIETY OF PETROLEUM ENGINEERS NIGERIA COUNCIL House 4, Road 21, Trans Amadi Gardens Estate, Off Peter Odili, Trans Amadi Port Harcourt, 500221 ______________________ 08033588953 Spenc-secretariat@spenigeriacouncil.org Connect.spe.org/spenc www.spenigeriacouncil.org : @spe-Nigeria Editorial We excitedly present this edi on of SPE Digest as a commitment to sustaining SPE's vision of dissemina ng technical knowledge. In keeping the tradi on of sustained technical excellence, various member benefits programs and professional development opportuni es were organized across the various sec ons of SPE Nigeria. Some of the prominent events includes the Annual Technical Symposium/ Workshop held in Benin, Port Harcourt and Lagos focused on important subjects of field performance op miza on, managing non-technical risks and expedi ng FDP approvals respec vely. These events a racted key government policy/decision makers and industry experts. Touching base with the industry through various courtesy visits, SPE Nigeria also did not lose sight of the industry movement towards Big Data Transforma on, Ar ficial Intelligence and Digitaliza on amongst others - various Nigerian professionals not only a ended ATCE 2018 where these were key topics but brought back home their experiences. It is also not a surprise that SPE members in Nigeria dis nguished themselves in technical and public services at regional and interna onal level with awards to show. Preparing for the big crew change, efforts to develop the skills of the next genera on of oil and gas professionals were sustained through Student Outreaches and community development programs. Delve in to find out more in this edi on, an insigh ul interview with the NCDMB Chairman and a tribute to an Industry giant, Dr Emmanuel Egbogah, awaits. INTRODUCING: The SPE International App · View your SPE profile and membership card · Manage your app preferences to tailor the SPE news to your needs · Access to our widely used OnePetro and PetroWiki platforms. · Read the latest technical content from SPE magazines and publications. · Participate in SPE Connect communities and network with members globally · Connect to SPEs social platforms: Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Instagram SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 2

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Council Chairman's Remarks In recent years, the global energy industry has witnessed a high degree of unpredictability with respect to the trends in oil and gas prices, thus creating a challenge to the global economy, the effects of which were mostly felt by nations with an over-reliance on the revenues from the extractive (hydrocarbon) industry. This understanding was the crux of our various engagements at SPE Nigeria Council throughout the course of the past year. Against this backdrop, the editorial team decided to select a theme for this edition of our Newsletter; “Living Beyond the barrel, No Nation thrives on mono-economy” essentially to re-emphasize and proffer insights on the journey so far and create a platform for stakeholders to deliberate on issues aimed towards the development of the industry and that of the nation in general. This is a journey geared towards positioning the nation's oil and gas industry by looking at the total energy mix and GDP contributors few years from now. This edition of the SPE Digest also highlights areas where the Society has given its members an opportunity to nd expression, including individuals outside our immediate professional environment. It also features the outstanding achievements of Nigerian students and petroleum engineering professionals amongst their global peers, the numerous technical and professional development events held across the country for disseminating knowledge in a very relaxed and engaging atmosphere, as well as various social engagements with our members through SPE Cares. Through our various platforms, we have initiated discussions and collaboration amongst key players in the energy industry to provide guidance to policy makers on the need for living beyond the barrel as a country, in addition to providing a platform for developing technical skills to sustain progress in the industry's ecosystem. In the coming months, we would be focusing on the various aspects and impacts of digitalization in our industry; I urge you to help us re-echo this message in your various spheres of professional in uence, coverage and reach. My sincere thanks and appreciation go to the editorial team for putting together another top quality and informative SPE Newsletter that aims to further get you connected with the industry and profession we all have come to love. I hope you do nd this edition another excellent read. Thank you. 2019 SPE Nigeria Council Chairman Inside This Edition § Editorial 2 § Council Chairman's Remarks 3 § Tribute to Dr Emmanuel Egbogah 6 § Highlights of NAICE 2018 9 § 2018 Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibi on 12 § Interview with Mr Simbi Wabote (NCDMB Chairman) 14 § SPE Nigeria Courtesy Visits to Companies 19 § Technical Workshop on Field Development Plan 24 § 2018 Awards Season - Nigerians Leading the Way 26 § Technical Diary 28 § ATCE 2018: Spotlight on Data Analy cs in Oil & Gas 31 § Young Professional Development 33 § Students Outreach 36 § SPE Cares: Community Development Efforts 41 § SPE League of Volunteers 44 SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 3

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2018 Themes: Overarching Theme Diversification of the Nigerian Economy –The Oil & Gas Industry as an Enabler OLEF The Nigerian Oil Industry in a World of Changing Energy Supply: Are we prepared? NAICE Panel Session 1 Emerging Economic Diversification Era in Nigeria: Challenges, Policy Frameworks and Prospects for the Oil and Gas Industry NAICE Panel Session 2 Emerging Economic Diversification Era in Nigeria: Implications on Oil and Gas Supply Value Chain and Investors NAICE Topical Issues Workshop Revamping the Nigeria Oil & Gas Industry through Alternative Funding': Opportunities, challenges, Innovations and solutions Topical Luncheon: Digitalization as an enabler for diversification NAICE Women Development Programme Diversification of the Nigerian Economy: Women Leveraging Existing Opportunities NAICE Young Professionals The Untapped Opportunities: Young Professionals and the Diversification of the Nigerian Economy from Oil and Gas Student Symposium (STSE) From Fossil Fuels to Alternative Energy: Relevant Skill Sets and Local Resource Opportunities SPE DIGEST March 2019 SPE Nigeria 2019 Calendar FLAGSHIP PROGRAMS · Students Technical Symposium & Exhibi on (STSE): 21-23, March 2019, OAU, Ife · Annual Technical Workshop (ATW): 23 March 2019, Port Harcourt · Oloibiri Lecture Series & Energy Forum (OLEF): 25 April 2019, Abuja · Nigeria Annual Interna onal Conference & Exhibi on (NAICE): 5-7 August 2019, Eko Hotel, Lagos § Training Courses: 3-4 August 2019 § Leadership Workshop § Student Chapter Contests § Panel Session 1 & 2 § Topical Issues Workshop § Women Development Program § Topical Luncheon § Oil and Gas Exhibi on § 150+ technical sessions § Family Program & tours § Industry awards and dinners § VIP Lunch · Young Professionals Workshop (YPW): 05 August 2019, Eko Hotel, Lagos · Annual General Mee ng (AGM): 06 August 2019, Eko Hotel, Lagos OTHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES · Con nuing Educa on Short Courses: Several courses to hold as part of 2019 NAICE · Monthly Technical Mee ngs: Several lectures to hold across SPE Sec ons in Nigeria · Dis nguished Lecture Series: Several lectures planned for 2018/2019 SPE year YOUNG MEMBER DEV PROGRAMS – UNIVERSITY, SECONDARY & PRIMARY · Catch Them Young Essay & Quiz Compe on: 19 January 2019 (Warri, Benin, Abuja, Lagos & Port-Harcourt) · Olumide Philips Scholarship Program: 19 January 2019 (Warri, Benin, Abuja, Lagos & Port-Harcourt) · Ambassador Lecturer Program: To hold in various SPE sec ons across Nigeria · Energy4Me Outreach: To hole in various SPE sec ons across Nigeria Page | 5

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TRIBUTE TO DR. EMMANUEL ONU EGBOGAH (1942 – 2018) Touched Lives, Impacted His World The late Dr. Emmanuel Onu Egbogah (OON) logged over 45 years of diversi ed experience in three professional disciplines covering geology, petroleum engineering and petroleum economics. His work during this period was in consulting, teaching, research and development, project planning, project implementation and management. And he worked in many countries and continents including Canada, USA, North Sea, Africa, Middle East and Asia Paci c Region. He was acknowledged worldwide as an authority in the elds of petroleum policy and strategy, improved/enhanced oil recovery, eld development planning and reservoir management. Egbogah's path to a petroleum engineering career, where he made his most impact in his lifetime, was rather providential and nothing in his original intentions. First, he set out to be a civil engineer, in uenced by his father who was an engineer with the then Public Works Department (PWD). Through a government scholarship, he enrolled to study at the Friendship University in Moscow in 1962. Armed with a“Division One” result in the West African School Certi cate examinations, after graduating in ying colours from Dennis Memorial Grammar School in 1961, (one of the best schools in Nigeria, if you ask him), he arrived Moscow to follow in the footsteps of his father. But one of his teachers saw a geologist in him instead and persuaded the young Emmanuel to become an earth scientist. Thus, he eventually completed a six-year combined degree programme and earned an MSc degree in applied Ikechi Ibeji petroleum geology. He proceeded from Moscow to Harvard University in the United States to enroll for a PhD in Geology, but he did not like some of the courses there. That was why he transferred to McGill University in Montreal, Canada. He was at McGill, studying for his PhD in geology when Professor Thomas Adeoye Lambo, then Vice Chancellor, University of Ibadan was traversing the world, looking for Nigerians who could return and add capacity to the young African university. A faculty member at McGill University drew the attention of Professor Lambo to a brilliant young Nigerian who was studying for a PhD in geology. Consequentl y, Professor Lambo approached Egbogah and made a rather strange request: University of Ibadan was starting a Department of Petroleum Engineering and could Egbogah come and pioneer this project? It was daunting to ask a PhD geology student to come and take up teaching of petroleum engineering. But Dr. Egbogah took up the rather challenging offer. That was how his petroleum engineering Ever sartorially elegant Dr. E. PHOTO: IKECHI IBEJI ASSOCIATES LIMITED SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 6

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career started. He was to go back for an MSc degree in his dedication and commitment to his students: petroleum engineering at University of Calgary in Professor Samuel Osisanya describes him as a Edmonton and a PhD in petroleum engineering from detribalized Nigerian, who made the study of the course Imperial College London. “Reservoir Fluid Properties”, a very pleasant experience. During his sojourn as pioneering teacher of petroleum engineering at University of Ibadan, Egbogah was in the delegation that went to persuade another pioneer, Professor Gabriel Falade, who was then working with Texaco Overseas Petroleum, to join the petroleum engineering faculty at University of Ibadan. Falade himself had returned to Nigeria to join the corporate world after a PhD in petroleum engineering from Stanford University in the USA. And like Egbogah, Falade took the gamble of leaving the comfort of the corporate Wumi Iledare celebrates his sacri ce in leaving the comfort of the corporate world to come and teach the rst students of petroleum engineering at University of Ibadan. Indeed, it was Egbogah's in uence that made Iledare to cut short his successful career at LSU Baton Rouge, to return to Nigeria and head the Emerald Energy Institute, which was established through a US$1million endowment by Dr. Egbogah. Iledare was also installed as Chirota and Emmanuel Egbogah distinguished Professor of Petroleum Economics at University of Port Harcourt. world, to sail into the uncharted Other former students have only waters of teaching petroleum pleasant memories of Egbogah. engineering in Ibadan. Professor Mike Onyekonwu describes him as a man of They started with 24 students, many parts who worked in so including Samuel Osisanya, many places, gathering so Sam Adegboyega and many much experience in the others who followed.That was process and making a huge how between Falade (who impact in the oil and gas went on to become Nigeria's industry in Nigeria and the rst professor of petroleum With Congressman Rush during after a briefing session with the Greater Houston Partnership in world at large. Professor Sunday engineering) and Egbogah, they the United States. Isehunwa saw him as a patient PHOTO COURTESY ANGEL KWEMO. mentored and taught the leading teacher who wanted all his students to professors of petroleum engineering in succeed at all times; while Wale Dosunmu Nigeria today. The roll call of the“academic sons” says of Egbogah: “… one of the things I noticed of the two giants includes Professor Samuel Osisanya, about him is that he always took interest in all his former formerly of Oklahoma State University; Professor Olawale students. He has been monitoring what all of us have Dosunmu, Shell/Aret Adams Chair for Petroleum been doing. From the time we graduated up till now, you Engineering at University of Port Harcourt; Professor will be surprised that Dr. E knows where you are at any Mike Onyekonwu, former Director at the Institute of point in time. What greater interest can you have in the Petroleum Studies, University of Port Harcourt; Professor success of your students?”. Professor Ajienka describes Sunday Isehunwa of the Faculty ofTechnology, University Egbogah as his personal mentor in a special way: “While of Ibadan; Professor Omowunmi Iledare, Emeritus at Ibadan, I realised that he had the power of Professor at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge simpli cation. He was such a great teacher that he would United States, who has returned to Nigeria to be Director, break down difficult concepts for ever yone to Emerald Energy Institute and Chirota and Emmanuel understand. And so, we were all enjoying his lectures…” Egbogah Distinguished Professor of Petroleum Economics at University of Port Harcourt; and Professor In other educational philanthropic outreaches, Egbogah Joseph Ajienka, founding Director of the Institute of endowed a N60million Emmanuel Egbogah Centre for Petroleum Studies, who was also the 7th Vice Chancellor, Petroleum Engineering at University of Ibadan; served on University of Port Harcourt as well as occupies the the Board of Trustees of Bells University Otta, while Emmanuel Egbogah Chair for Petroleum Engineering. donating 100 I-Mac Computers to the university and sponsoring the rst ever Technology Fair to be hosted by All Egbogah's former students are unanimous in praising a Nigerian University. SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 7

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scholarships. Dr. Egbogah served for eight years as Technical Advisor and Technology Custodian for PETRONAS, the national oil company of Malaysia, where he was responsible for long range strategic and investment diversi cation planning. He also served for ve years as Enhanced Oil Recovery Advisor for the Libyan National Oil Company, where he was responsible for the National Reservoir Management Programme. He authored or co-authored 76 technical papers and played major roles in SPE Review Committees for the Journal of Professor Wumi Iledare, Dr. E and Mrs. Egbogah at the commissioning of Emerald Energy Institute, University of Port Harcourt. PHOTO: IKECHI IBEJI. Petroleum Technology and other SPE publications and was very active in other He also donated computers and awarded numerous SPE activities in all the regions worldwide, including his scholarships at the Federal University of Technology tenure as the third Africa Regional Director and member Owerri; Lagos State University, Epe Campus; Nnamdi of the SPE International's Board. According to Egbert Azikiwe University Awka; and so many Nigerian, United Imomoh, 2013-2014 President of SPE International, Kingdom, Canadian and Malaysian universities that are Egbogah used this platform to effectively bring to the not mentioned here. And in his hometown - Umuokpu, fore, the challenges the African SPE chapters faced. Awka in Anambra State, Egbogah donated 10 I-Mac computers and associated software for teaching; a On his determined effort to return to Nigeria and play his N40million building the Emerald Energy Laboratory and part in Nigeria's development after a long sojourn the T.C. Okoli Library, named after his father in law, as well abroad, Egbogah said:“… the most important reason was as a 27 KVA power generator for the school, after he had that I had a conscience: that if I died today, I would not rest connected them to the public power grid. He did not well in my grave because I had done a lot in other forget his alma mater- Dennis Memorial Grammar School countries but little in my own country. Therefore, coming where he also donated computers and offered numerous home for me was a very decisive thing; to come and contribute to the development of my own fatherland…” Having done so much to build capacity in the Nigerian government policy decisions, Nigerian universities, the SPE, his hometown and other communities, Dr. E can indeed now rest very well in his grave! Adieu and rest in peace Dr. E! Paraphrased from the book: Dr. E! Legacies of Dr. Emmanuel Onu Egbogah. Escorting then Senate President Rt. Hon Ken Nnamani to the opening ceremony of the maiden Abuja Petroleum Roundtable at the Transcorp Hilton in March 2007. PHOTO: IKECHI IBEJI ASSOCIATES LIMITED. SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 8

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Chikezie Nwosu, SPE Nigerian Council Chairman giving the Welcome Remarks at the Annual Banquet and Awards Night Diversification of the Nigerian Economy – The Oil & Gas Industry as an Enabler The 42nd edi on of the Nigeria Annual Interna onal Conference and Exhibi on (NAICE), the annual flagship event of the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) Nigeria Council, held from the 6th to 8th of August 2018 at the Eko Hotel & Suites, Victoria Island, Lagos. A pla orm to engage various stakeholders in the energy sector - including the Ministry of Petroleum Resources, Government Agencies, Captains of Industry, Oil and Gas professionals and the Academia towards strategic solu ons for the advancement of the Oil and Gas Industry and the economic prosperity of Nigeria and Sub-Saharan Africa, the event did not come short of the an cipated exhilara on as it unveiled insigh ul technical sessions, networking atmosphere and ceremonies to Professionals from over 50 companies represented at the conference. Notably, the 3-day conference enjoyed the presence of Mr. Darcy Spady, 2018 SPE Interna onal President. Gas development, Ar ficial Intelligence, Renewable Energy, Alterna ve Funding were key topics at the Conference which focused on the theme “Diversifica on of the Nigerian Economy – the Oil & Gas industry as an Enabler”. It was said during the SPE DIGEST March 2019 Cross Section of Participants Darcy Spady, 2018 SPEI President addressing the Participants Page | 9

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Mrs Reginald Ugwuadu giving the Vote of Thanks at the Women Development Workshop Opening session that “To remain compe ve and relevant in the global economy, the posi on of oil & gas as the bedrock of the Nigeria economy requires a paradigm shi from a consumer product to an enabler for diversifying the economy”. The Conference featured two Panel Sessions (including a special session on Digitaliza on), Topical Issues Workshop, Young professionals workshop and Away Day, Women Development Programme, SPE Sec on Officers Workshop, Student Ac vi es, Family Program, Short Courses, SPE Cares (Tree plan ng & Feed the Disabled), Company exhibi ons along with over 150 technical paper presenta ons/poster sessions. Discussing on “Emerging Economic Diversifica on Era in Nigeria: Challenges, Policy Frameworks and Prospects for the Oil and Gas Industry & Implica ons on Oil and Gas Supply Value Chain and Investors”, the panelists stated that diversifica on is required to insulate the economy from the risk of crude price uncertainty and to create adequate jobs. Furthermore, the Government being the biggest revenue earner is responsible to sustain the oil and gas industry in Nigeria - by enac ng fiscal terms to develop small-medium petroleum assets, crea ng a compe ve deep-water gas framework, developing a strategy to address gas arrears payment and restore investor confidence in gas development. Importantly, revenue generated from the petroleum sector should be used to develop other sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing and services. Key enablers of diversifica on include infrastructural development, increased private sector par cipa on, human capacity development, transparent and accountable leadership amongst others. Nigeria must equally assure investors of her capacity to handle legacy disputes, fiscal certainty, security and poli cal landscape, license renewal in order to s mulate economic ac vi es. This was one of the high points Awards Session (Yemi Akinlawon, African Regional Director, presenting award to Biyi Awotiku) Awards Session (Darcy Spady, 2018 SPEI President presenting award to Prof Wumi Iledare) Senior Members at the Annual Banquet and Awards Night Senior Members at the Annual Banquet and Awards Night SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 10

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Cultural Display at the Annual Banquet and Awards Night Happy Mayhem on stage as Lagos Section and Port Harcourt Section grab the Best Young Professional (YP) Section Award Young Professionals pose with the Senior Members and 2018 SPEI President Darcy Spady after the YP Workshop raised in the Topical Issues workshop which had Dr. Maikan Baru, Group Managing Director NNPC, as the Keynote Speaker. The accomplishment and contribu on of professionals and companies to the industry was celebrated. Awards were given during the Banquet night. A call to ac on in the Women development Workshop towards promo ng women involvement & development in STEM was demonstrated through the 'WDP Girl in STEM Leadership Award', a first- me award presented to six deserving ladies from various Nigerian Universi es. “Diversifica on of the Nigeria economy is impera ve to securing her future and digitaliza on is a focal driver. With the internet es mated to contribute $300B globally to GDP in the next decade, digitaliza on will address cyber security, aid debo lenecking in various businesses and make smart ci es a reality” – Panelist during the Digitaliza on Workshop. The conference ended on a high note with inspired professionals ready for the next year to meet again at NAICE 2019 themed “Ar ficial Intelligence, Big Data, Mobile Technology and More: Changing the Future of the Energy Industry”. Applause for the Cultural Display SPE DIGEST March 2019 Members admire Darcy Spady's musical performance as he plays the accordion Page | 11

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2018 Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition SPE Nigeria Council initiated the Annual Technical Symposium (ATS) to increase emphasis on the topical technical issues in the Nigerian Oil Industry and to increase her technical footprint over a board year. It was planned to be hosted yearly across the ve (Abuja, Benin, Lagos, Port Harcourt, andWarri) SPE sections in Nigeria. In the ATS, senior and young professionals share technical information, discuss challenges facing the Nigeria Oil and Gas industry and share solutions which individual operating companies and service providers have used to overcome these challenges. This ultimately ful lls the SPEi vision of disseminating technical information and knowledge sharing. Cross section of Participants at the ATS in Benin Benin… SPE Benin section bided alongside the other ve sections, won the right and hosted the inaugural edition of ATS on May 16 -17, 2018 in Protea Hotel, Benin City. It was themed “Wells, Reservoir and Facility Management; Extending eld life and optimizing eld performance”. The 2-day workshop featured 10 technical presentations drawn from outstanding works in Well optimization, Reservoir Optimization, Well and reservoir Management andWRFM best practices. The presentation titles details are shown below. ü Optimizing eld production with automated well level engineering work ow solutions by Osaretin Greg Idele (Schlumberger) ü Solution-By-Elimination (SBE) Approach to Root-Cause-Analysis in Production Operations: SPDC Field Case Study - SPE178312 by Ibianga Sukubo, Vincent Nwabueze, Chidi Okoro and Leo Chiejina (SPDC) ü The Role of Well testing & Deconvolution in Reservoir Management and Monitoring by Lekan Aluko, PhD (PetroVision, UK) ü Water Diagnostic Analysis: The Gains of Integration - SPE189046 by Ibianga Sukubo, Olakunle Iyowu, Olalekan Balogun, Ifeyinwa JudeO a and Clarence Onunekwu (SPDC) ü Optimizing Reservoir Production in WRFM by Unleashing Locked-in Potential through Trusted Data at Finger's Tip by Ewhoforama, Sunday Omamoke (SPDC) ü Permanent Downhole Monitoring Control Technology for Production Optimization by Akoji Haruna (Schlumberger) ü A Systematic Approach to Intelligent Well Performance Modelling Using IPM by Edih Michael, Nnanna Erasmus, Nwankwo Cosmas (SPDC) ü Assets Field Management Case Study - Angola, Algeria and Nigeria byTunde Adebayo Charles Ibelegbu (Schlumberger) ü WRM Technology: Integration of Applications vs Integration of Interpretations ThankGod Egbe (CypherCrescent) ü Well, Reservoir & Facility Management (WRFM) Digitalisation Maturity Model by Abba Chiroma (CypherCrescent) Over 150 Oil and Gas Industry Professional and students were in attendance. Chikezie Nwosu (SPENC Chairman) giving the ATS Welcome Speech SPE DIGEST March 2019 Technical Presenters at the ATS in Benin Page | 12

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Port Harcourt… The Society of Petroleum Engineers Port Harcourt Section through her Annual Technical Symposium and Exhibition has provided a forum for analyzing and harmonizing perspectives taken from key players and stakeholders in the Nigerian Oil & Gas business. This year's event was held at the Hago Heights Event Centre, Peter Odili Road in Port Harcourt. The 2018 ATSE was themed “Project Non-Technical Risks: evolving strategies for managing NTR peculiarities in Nigeria”, the event took place at Hago Heights Event Centre, Peter Odili Road in Port Harcourt. It also had a supplementary session that discussed Diversity and Inclusiveness in the industry. The event witnessed the participation of 3 panelists and a moderator of sterling pro les, having between them a pooled experience of about 100 years in the Oil & Gas Industry. The Panelists in no order were Mr Sam Ezugworie, Asset Manager with the SHELL Petroleum Development Company, Engr Debo Fagbami, Chief Operating Officer of Xenergi Ltd who is also the Vice Council Chairman of the Society of Petroleum Engineer's Nigeria Council and Mr Johnson Shorinwa the Vice President of Operations, Geoplex Wireline Services Limited and Professor Adewale Dosunmu, SHELL Aret Adams Chair of the University of Port Harcourt, as the moderator. The panel discussions afforded the panelists ample time to elucidate on NTR's from their individual perspectives as it pertains to the Nigerian Oil & Gas industry and drawing from their actual experiences as reputable stakeholders. Potentially industry changing, clear recommendations were drafted at the end of the event Christo-Houston Energy Exhibition During the ATSE in Port-Harcourt Panelists at the event Section Chairman Presenting an Award to Mrs. Ameze Okeudo, Manager, Well Safety Engineering, SPDC SPE DIGEST March 2019 Board Members with Panelists @ATSE 2018 Page | 13

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An interview with NCDMB Chairman Mr. Simbi Wabote 1. Please tell us about you and your background. My name is Engr. Simbi Kesie Wabote. Prior to getting this appointment as Executive Secretary of NCDMB, I worked with Shell for almost 26 years. I also had a stint with the banking industry before joining Shell. I was with Shell up until September 2016 when I was appointed by the President as the Executive Secretary of Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB). Before this appointment, I was an Executive Director at Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria (SPDC). I was the General Manager (GM) for Business and Government Relations for Shell companies in Nigeria, I was based in Abuja. I joined Shell in September 1991 as an oil and gas engineer. I have served Shell in various capacities within Nigeria and in other countries in Engineering, Contracting and Procurement, External Affairs, Community Development Affairs and Business and Government Relations department. My early days however was purely an oil and gas engineer, based in Warri. I worked in Warri for almost 12 years. One of my signature projects was the Osubi Airstrip which I was the project manager for. I hold a B.Sc. in Civil Engineering from River State University of Science and Technology (now, Rivers State University) and M.Sc. from Leeds Metropolitan University. I am a member of Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE) and a COREN registered engineer. I am married, and we are blessed with 3 daughters. I am from Bayelsa State. 2. What inspired you to choose a career in the Petroleum industry? As a kid, I always had the inspiration to build things. I am not inclined to theories and postulation; I just love to see things built. Hence, I got into engineering to ful l my childhood fascination to build things. Having the oil and gas industry also located within my region (Bayelsa state) and thus bringing me closer to their activities helped to forge this fascination. It naturally became an outlet to help me ful l this passion. 3. What was your impression of the industry when you rst joined? How has your view of the industry changed? The early days were very exciting. Being someone who wanted to build things, we did a lot with our hands. As young engineers, we were not in the office when we started, we were all thrown out to the elds in the various locations and facilities that Shell had on land and swamp. We didn't sit in the office to write emails or make phone calls. Despite the limited communication technology, we did things and things worked. Also exciting was the peace that existed in those places. You could drive your car yourself thick into the communities no matter how late without security operatives. We interacted with the communities-ate with them, worked with them and lived within the communities without any security worries compared to now where one cannot drive to those communities without armed security escorts. 4. What are the key development challenges you see for SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 14

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the E&P industry now and in the next 10 years and how is the NCDMB set to address these? Considering Nigeria (because each country has their own peculiar challenges), one of the major challenges limiting the development of the industry is infrastructural de cit. Roads are limited and some of the existing roads are in a poor state. You now have to generate your own power to do anything. The rail system that is supposed to transport people and goods across long distances is also not functioning. While Lagos port is congested and has some goods that have been uncleared for months, Nigeria is blessed with coastline where we could diversify our ports. Ports in Warri, Port Harcourt, Onne and Calabar are underutilized-. How to harness these ports to become functional is what we should be striving for. The second challenge is the low manufacturing base. Today, 90% of what we use in the oil and gas industry is imported. We don't manufacture certain things here. That is a huge challenge. These represent opportunities that we could have harnessed to do a lot more. Another challenge is funding- a constraint particularly for local Nigerian companies. They can't access funds the same way international counterparts will. Human capacity development is not left out. Are our universities producing the right type of graduates that we need in the industry? How is the curriculum of the oil and gas industry tied to the university curriculum, viz-a-vis the pace at which technology moves in the oil and gas industry. As Nigerians, we continue to see oil and gas as a commodity instead of a resource. When you see it as a commodity you just want to trade it and take the pro t, but once you see it as a resource, you will know you have lots to do in the value chain to derive the full bene t of that resource. Government policies presents its challenges too. Government policies should be structured to ensure that when they are rolled out to facilitate business in one area, they do not encumber business in other areas. In NCDMB, we believe that in the next 10 years, we must keep pace with the new technologies, innovation and arti cial intelligence. We have put in place a 10-year strategic plan, which we call a 10-year road map. The core objective of that is increasing the local content in the oil and gas industry from the current level of 30% to about 70%. This road map has ve pillars and four enablers. Most of SPE DIGEST March 2019 Page | 15

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