Hair & Beauty Dictionary


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A hair & beauty glossary that provides you with all the common hair & beauty terms and their definitions so you are completely in the know.

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Hair & Beauty Glossary A hair & beauty glossary that provides you with all the common hair & beauty terms and their definitions so you are completely in the know. Word Abdomen Abrasion Accelerated Vellus Syndrome Accelerator Accent Color Acetone Acid Acid Mantle Acid Perm Acne Acne Keloidalis Nuchae Acne Spot Treatment Actinic Keratosis Meaning The soft area between the rib cage and the pubic area. A common area for excess hair, often in a line from the belly button to the pubic hair. The process of scraping or wearing hair away. Causing partial or complete absence of hair from areas. The anagen phase of cyclic follicular activity is extended. This results in hairs gaining greater length. These hairs retain their colourless downy vellus characteristics. A product that works under the surface of the skin and provides the necessary ingredients for melanin production, which will accelerate the rate at which the skin tans. An accelerator is most effective when used after a shower or at least four hours before tanning. Usually a sharp, intense color used as a contrast or pickup for color scheme. It is used to add excitement to an overall effect A chemical formed in the blood when the body uses fat instead of glucose (sugar) for energy. If acetone forms, it usually means that the cells do not have enough insulin, or cannot use the insulin that is in the blood, to use glucose for energy. A liquid, usually corrosive with a pH lower than 7, opposite of an alkali. The combination of sweat and sebum that provides the skin’s protective coating. An acid perm produces permanent hair waves with curls that are actually softer than an alkaline perm. It also has a pH from 6.5 to 8.0. An inflammation of the skin, a result of over production of oil and bacteria. (Active Acne or Acne Vulgaris). (acme, acnee) A skin condition commonly affecting curly haired Afro-males which presents as itchy follicular papules which enlarge and become keloidal. Common sites include the occiput (the scalp area between the ears). Follicular pustules (folliculitis) may exist. The scars are hairless. The condition may persist for many years. Typically in a gel or cream form,contains a high concentration of blemishfighting ingredients (usually benzoyl peroxide and/or salicylic acid). Because of the high concentration, you should only apply the product on a particular problem area, not your entire face (hence the title “spot treatment”). A small rough spot on skin chronically exposed to the sun, occurs most frequently in fair skinned people.


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Activator Active Ingredient Acupressure Acupuncture Adrenal Afro Hairstyle Airbrush Foundation Albinism Alcohol Alexandrite A-Line Bob Alkali Alkaline Alkaline Perm Allergen Allergy Aloe Vera Alopecia Alopecia Adnata A chemical ingredients that is specifically added to hair bleach to speed up the action of the bleach without unnecessarily damaging the hair. Also referred to as Booster, Bleach Boosters or Bleach Accelerators. The substance which, contained in a product, actually does the main part of the work that the product is used for. A method of relieving pain by pressing down on an area of the body. A method of relieving pain by inserting needles into the skin. A gland that affects certain types of hair growth. A rounded, thick, tightly curled hair style. Traditionally used byprofessionalmakeup artists,has made its way to the athome market in recent years. Packaged either in an aerosol spray can or as a liquid that you can attach to a misting machine, airbrush foundationallows you to apply foundation as an ultra fine mist, which translates to a smooth, beautiful finish. A recessive hereditary trait which presents as white hair due to defective melanin production thought to be caused by a mutation within genes. Albinos have no melanin pigment and do not tan. Their skin is otherwise normal. Albinism affects people from all races. A liquid sometimes used for disinfecting skin before and after treatment. ethyl grain isopropyl. Laser at 755nm used for hair removal. An A-line Bob is a geometric bob with a straight fringe, so called because of the resemblance to the capital A, with it’s horizontal line, the fringe and its legs the hair passing your ears. A liquid with a pH higher than 7. Alkalis are used in depilatory creams that dissolve hair, and galvanic electrolysis produces alkalis which can destroy a hair follicle. A substance with a pH greater than 7; non acidic. A chemically based permanent waving product that has a pH from 7.5 to 9.5. Stronger than acid perms, alkaline perms are designed to produce tight, firm, springy curls rather than the looser curls produced by acid perms. Allergen is a substance that causes an allergic reaction. A bodily reaction to an irritant. Skin allergies can be exacerbated by solutions put on the skin. Known as the “first aid” plan, aloe vera is taken from the inner leaves of the plant. It is a water/gel-like substance that is known for its ability to soothe irritated skin, especially sunburned skin. It is also a soothing antiinflammatory that can be used in lotions, creams, cleansers and other products.” Loss of hair, especially from the head, which either happens naturally or is caused by disease Congenital baldness or baldness at birth.


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Alopecia Androgenetic Alopecia Areata Alopecia Follicularis Alopecia Neurotica Alopecia Senilis Alopecia Totalis Alopecia Universalis Alpha Hydroxy Acid Alternating Current Amino Acid Aminophenols Ammonia Ammonium Thioglycolate Amortization Ampere Amphoteric Anaesthetic Anagen Anagen Cycle Anagen Effluvium Analgesic Anaphoresis Androgen This is the common name for male or female pattern baldness which depends on the genetic predisposition of the hair follicles and the levels of DHT in the body. Alopecia Areata is the medical term for hairloss which occurs in patches on the scalp. Hair loss due to inflammation of hair follicles. Baldness following a nervous disorder or injury to the nervous system. Alopecia senilis is baldness due to old age. This is the complete loss of scalp hair often combined with the loss of eyebrows and eyelashes Alopecia Universalis is the term for hairloss which occurs over the entire body. Known as AHA, these solutions are used as exfoliants. They can help reduce ingrown hairs and improve the look of skin. The type of electricity that comes from a wall outlet (AC), as opposed to direct current (DC). A chemical substance found in plants and animals. The building blocks of hair. Phenol derivatives used in combination with other chemicals in permanent (two step) hair dyes. An alkaline ingredient used in some permanent hair color. Ammonia is an ingredient that results in a chemical action that decolorizes the hair. A common ingredient in chemical depilatories. The process of converting one enzyme to another. A measurement of electrical current. A mild nonirritating surfactant (an agent that allows oil to mix with water) often used in shampoos; leaves hair manageable and is gentle enough for chemically treated hair. A substance used to relieve all feeling. This is the growing phase of the hair cycle which lasts about seven years in a healthy person. The active stage in a hair growth cycle. The active stage in a hair growth cycle. Hairshafts are produced by follicles within the skin in all but few locations viz – palms soles, lips, eyelids, backs of distal phalanges and parts of the external genitalia. Each productive hair follicle provides hairshafts throughout the life of the person. Some follicles may intermittently produce vellus or terminal hairshafts. A substance used to relieve pain. The forcing of liquids into skin from the negative to the positive pole. The opposite is cataphoresis. Hormone that causes masculine characteristics and affects hair growth. Higher androgen levels can lead to increased amounts of hair.


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Androgens Angled Eyeshadow Brush Anode Antiandrogen Anti-Androgen Antibiotic Anti-Frizz Cream Antiseptic Apple Cider Vinegar Areola Arnica Arrector Pili Muscles Atopic Dermatitis Autoclave Axilla Azelaic Acid B5 Bacteria Barba Barbicide Basic Shade Androgens are often referred to as male hormones. Anthat’s short, fluffy, and angled, this option works as an all-in-one when applying shadow. Turn the brush on its side for crease application, use it flat for awashapplication, and tilt it on its angle for shadow on the inner corner. A positive electrode. An antiandrogen blocks the effects of androgens, normally by blocking the receptor sites. A drug or product that limited the effects of androgens (male hormones) A drug or preparation used to prevent and treat infection. Particularly formulated for coarse, curly, or naturally frizzy hair,cream can be applied in small amounts to damp hair to protect from frizz during the day for a smooth look. A chemical agent that prevent the growth of bacteria. A natural solvent in oils and creams. It acidifies products. When used in shampoos and rinses, it separates individual hairs so they can be thoroughly cleansed. Sounds like a great addition to the shampoo of bears, hairy men and Husky dogs. The pigmented area surrounding the nipple. A very common area for hair growth. Arnica has been used in Europe for centuries to treat swelling, soreness and bruising. Arnica may significantly increase healing time or the appearance of such. There are many formulations from different companies including a stronger formulation that some plastic surgeons recommend for their patients. A microscopic band of muscle tissue which connects a hair follicle to the dermis. When stimulated, the arrector pili will contract and cause the hair to become more perpendicular to the skin surface (stand on end). This causes the hairs to stand up and causes goosebumps. Also known as eczema. A machine used to sterilize medical utensils and some hair removal devices. The medical term for armpit, a common place for gonadal hair after puberty. Armpit hair is referred to medically as axillary hair. Azelaic acid like Retin-A is more commonly used in the treatment of acne and other skin conditions. Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin required to sustain life (essential nutrient). Pantothenic acid is needed to form coenzyme-A (CoA), and is critical in the metabolism and synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. An organism responsible for infection. Medical term for beard. Brand name of sanitizer used to disinfect salon implements. A natural or neutral colour.


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Bb Cream Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Benzoyl Peroxide Wash Betaine Biopsy Birth Control Birthmarks Black Skin Blackheads Blanching Bleach Blemish Blend Blending Sponge Blister Blonde Hair Blotting Papers Blow Dry Spray Boar Bristle Bob A lightweight alternative to foundation,gives five main results, including hydrating, priming, concealing, treating, and protecting skin. Many BB Creams also include SPF. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is non-cancerous enlargement of the prostrate gland. The prostate gland swells, which reduces the urine flow and prevents the bladder from emptying. Ladies with blemish-prone skin, pay attention. Benzoyl peroxide is a key ingredient used in many acne treatments, working to keep skin clear and cleansed by fighting the bacteria that causes acne. It’s available in both face and body wash products, so depending on where you’re seeing acne on your skin, use the corresponding product. A natural conditioning substance for example – from molasses or sugar beet. A section of skin tissue removed for clinical observation. Drugs that sometimes cause increased hair growth. Discoloured skin that should be examined and approved by a physician before hair removal. Probably the most difficult type of skin from which to remove hair, Type VI on the Fitzpatrick scale. A type of clogged pore in the skin with a visible black plug. A whitening of the skin sometimes caused by some types of hair removal. Also called hypopigmentation. A method used to disguise (not remove) hair by lightening its colour Blood or pigment based visible mark (blimish, blemish) A modality of electrolysis which uses both thermolysis and galvanic methods. An upgrade from the drugstore makeup sponges from the past,are typically rounded, egg-shaped sponges with one tapered end and one broader end. Use the tapered end on more detailed areas of your face, then use the wider end for larger areas like your cheeks and forehead. For best results, dampen the sponge before applying makeup. A small fluid-filled bubble on the skin caused by heat from over treatment with certain types of hair removal. Is not as visible, but it’s also harder to treat. Lasers have limited effects on it because of its lack of pigment, and it is difficult to see against the skin. As thin as tissue paper and coated in a layer of powder or another mattifying ingredient, blotting papers work to gently remove oil, bacteria, and excess dirt from your face, especially in the T-zone. Apply blow dry spray to towel dried hair for heat protection and faster dry time with your hair dryer. Available in a spray bottle, most blow dry sprays also help your style to last longer. A bristle commonly used in natural bristle brushes. The Bob was the classic look of the 50s and 60s; the style was short and straight but blow-dried and curled under. At it’s worst the style could make


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Body Body Milk Body Oil Bonding Botanical Braid Brassy Broken Capillaries Brow Pencil Bruise Buffer Bulb Bulbous Needle Bulge Bulk Hair Caci Cajeput you look like a mushroom, but at best with the curl accentuating your cheekbones it created an incredibly sexy look. The volume or springiness of hair. Similar to body lotion but in a liquid form, body milk is used to hydrate skin for overall moisturization. Usually infused with vitamins for a richer result, body milk is great for sensitive and dry skin. With quick absorption and a glowing result, body oil is a good hydration alternative to body lotion if you’re looking for a fast-drying formula. To attach wefted hair to the natural hair with a latex or surgical type adhesive. Refers to a product containing plants or ingredients made from plants. To weave strands of hair together. On the scalp braiding is used to form a base or track to sew on a commercial weft. This is the cornrow technique. Off the scalp braiding is used for traditional braiding styles and various methods adding extensions such as Warlocks. Refers to unflattering warm tones in hair colour created by chemicals or damage. These tiny blood vessels at the surface of the skin appear as streaks or blotches. Most common on the face they are cause by ageing, sun and trauma. Whilst not harmful they can be unsightly. Whether you’re in the midst ofor you’re simply going for a bolder look, ais one of the easiest ways to enhance your eyebrows. Similar to an eyeliner pencil, brow pencils come in traditional and twist-up pencil form, and are used to shade your eyebrows. Choose a shade about one hue lighter than your natural brow color, and once you’re done using the pencil, comb through with a spoolie brush for a more natural finish. A discoloration of skin from blood, sometimes caused by electrolysis, plucking, or waxing. Also known as Purpura. A tool to make the surface of nails smooth and even, use a nail buffer to get a base for the best manicure possible. Some buffers also give maximum shine, but this step is best used when you’re planning on not using polish over your nails. The root of a hair, so named because it’s wider at the base. A type of electrolysis needle. A point midway up the hair follicle which researchers suspect must be damaged to induce permanent hair removal Term for loose commercial hair. This hair is used for creating wefts or for services like fusion. This acronym stands for Computer Aided Cosmetology Instrument; which is non-surgical face lift. Tea tree oil is an extraction from the Melaleuca tree. Tea tree oil should not be confused with tea oil, the sweet seasoning and cooking oil from pressed seeds of the tea plant (drinking tea) Camellia sinensis or the tea oil plant Camellia oleifera. (Cajeput)


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Calamine Calcium Thioglycolate Canities Capillaries Carbomer Carbon Dioxide Laser Castration Catagen Cataphoresis Cathode Cationic Cationic Polymer Catogen Cc Cream Cellulite Cellulite Reduction Cetyl Alcohol (Fatty Alcohol) Chamomile Chelating Chemical Depilatories Chignon Chilltip Chitosan A pink ointment sometimes used to treat skin irritation The active dissolving ingredient in many cream depilatories (The ‘greying of hair’) – a pigment deficiency frequently seen in middleaged people of either sex. Close examination of greying hair confirms that it is an illusion caused by the presence of white hairs among a percentage of normal dark pigmented hairs. Small blood vessels which connect the arteries and veins that feed the hair. A polymer on the basis of acrylic acid. Provides a thickening, gelling action and consistency regulator for cosmetic products. Also known as a CO2 laser, these are commonly used to perform skin resurfacing. The surgical removal of one or both testicles or overies. This is the end of the active growth period, and is marked by changes occurring in the follicle. The forcing of substances into the skin from a positive to a negative pole. It is sometimes used after electrolysis to firm skin and reduce redness. A negative electrode in a cell or circuit. Possessing a positive electrical charge. Cationic detergents are often used in shampoos because they reduce static electricity and leave the hair manageable. Positively charges the hair to provide manageability and reduces static. The resting stage of the hair cycle. Similar to a the lightweight coverage of BB cream but one step further,works to color correct uneven skin tone, discoloration, or dark spots. Many CC creams are also targeted towards anti-aging needs, working to smooth the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles plus they also include SPF. A collection of fat cells resulting from poor lymphatic drainage, fluid retention, poor circulation, not drinking enough water, a sedentary lifestyle and hormones. (cellulite, cellulight, cellulite) Clinic based method of reducing the appearance of cellulite (Celulite Reduction, Cellulight Reduction, Cellulite Removal) A gentle humectant, lather booster, and emulsifier. In hair products, it is used to smooth and soften the hair cuticle. Used in many products for blonde hair to enhance color. A deep cleansing process which strips the hair lightly before a chemical service. Also known as clarifying. Powder or cream preparations that dissolve hair above the surface of the skin. Some find these products very irritating to the skin. A chignon is a sophisticated, elegant up style, where long hair is twisted (either in a roll or knot) and pinned from the nape of neck. A patented contact cooling device used in laser hair removal. A natural polymer obtained from sea crustaceans protects the hair.


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Chromophore Cicatricial Alopecia Cilia Clarifier Clearing Climbazole Clone Club Hair Coagulation Coarse Cocamide Dea Coherent Light Cold Sore Collagen Cologne Comedogenic Comedones Concealer Concealer Brush Conditioner The substructure that is responsible for the spectral selective absorption of electromagnetic radiation. This is baldness due to scarring. The follicles are absent in scar tissue. Medical term for eyelashes. Ingrown eyelashes should never be removed except under the supervision of a trained medical specialist A clarifying shampoo is slightly stronger than everyday shampoos and is designed to remove products, hard water or chlorine residue that have builtup over time. These types of shampoos usually have a higher pH level and therefore should not be used regularly as they may dry out the hair and scalp. Use every 2-4 shampoos or the week before a chemical treatment. Always finish with a conditioner. A method of hair removal in which all hair in an area is removed at once, as opposed to thinning. Highly effective active anti-dandruff ingredient. Combats bacteria on the scalp. A group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived form a single common cell. A non-living hair in the last stages of the hair growth cycle, it is detached from the follicle but has not yet shed. The process by which blood clots, and can be induced by heat or chemicals. A classification for stronger, thicker types of hair. Either made synthetically or derived from the kernel of the coconut, it gives lather and cleans skin and hair. Light that stays focused, a property of lasers. A viral infection that appears around the mouth. Hair removal, especially electrolysis and lasers, should not be performed around visible cold sores. A protein that holds all connective tissue together under the skin. Collagen is sometimes damaged by plucking or electrolysis, which can lead to dimpling on the skin. Collagen, from a plant, is also used to fill in scars and augment lips, often with temporary results. A combination of water containing alcohol and fragrant oils. Not to be confused with a concentrated perfume. Causes blackheads (Comedones). A medical term for blackheads. Used to cover, uneven skin tone, and blemishes, concealer works to hide any problem area on your skin.For blemishes that are particularly red, use a green tinted concealer as it will neutralize the red. When concealing dark circles, choose a pink or orange toned concealer as it will neutralize the dark blue or purple tones under your eyes. A round-topped, short-haired, sturdybrushthat allows you to apply and blend concealer, grab a concealer brush for smooth, even application every time. Creamy hair product meant to be used after shampoo. Moisturizes and detangles hair.


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Congenital Contact Cooling Continuous Stimulation Technique Contouring Cream Cornrow Cortex Cortisone Cosmetics Couture Cut Cream Blush Cream Rinse Crop Crown Crusting Curling Wand A condition that is hereditary. Excess hair often runs in the family. A method of cooling the epidermis immediately prior to laser irradiation in hopes of reducing or eliminating damage to the skin’s surface. A pain reduction method in which the client is distracted by something during treatment (music, etc). Whento give the appearance of stronger bonestructureand definition, a contouring cream comes in handy. Formulated as a cream for a smooth finish, contouring cream looks similar to a concealer, but is meant to be darker than your skin. Choose a shade about one to two shades darker than your natural skin tone, and apply with a damp makeup sponge to your jawline, temples, underneath your cheekbones, and the sides of your nose. Blend, blend, blend for a natural look. Term used to describe an on the scalp braid. These braids can be used to form a track for the cornrow weaving method. The cortex is the main structure of the hairshaft. The cortex determines the colour and texture of the hair.The largest section of a single hair, containing the main bulk of the hair. An anti-inflammatory sometimes linked to hair growth when taken internally. certain types of cosmetics (especially liquid foundations and powders) can be used to conceal but not remove hair. Some women and men use this method in conjunction with a hair removal method. Some methods of hair removal require you not use cosmetics immediately after in speed skin recovery. A couture cut is a high-fashion cut, which is totally exclusive and specifically tailored to your lifestyle and wardrobe. Typically in a small pot or a tube,comes in a variety of shades to give you a flush of color. Use your fingers to apply a small amount of the cream to the apples of your cheeks. Because of the formula, cream blush typically lasts longer onyour skinthan a powder blush. A mixture of wax, thickeners, and a group of chemicals used to coat the hair shaft and detangle after shampooing. Originally the word crop as an alternative to haircut, without any specific meaning to the style of the cut. Area at the top of the head. Dried fluid that seeps from skin in some clients following hair removal such as laser, electrolysis, and depilatories. It’s best to keep these crusts clean and not pick them to avoid infection and scarring. These crusts are also called eschars. A tapered, clip-less wand used for curling hair,allow for any kind of curls from tight ringlets to loose, beach waves depending on how you place hair around the barrel. Wands typically also come with a glove for your curling hand to prevent any burns that may happen.


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Current Curved Follicles Cushing Syndrome Cutaneous Cuticle Cuticle Oil Cuticles Cutting-In Cyclodextrins Cyproterone Acetate Cyst Danazol Dandruff Dark Spot Corrector Deep Penetrating Treatment Depilate Depilation Depilatories Depth Dermabrasion The flow of electricity, either alternating (AC like a wall outlet) or direct (DC like a battery). A relatively rare condition which makes certain hair removal methods more difficult and can lead to ingrown hairs. A disease caused by a tumour on the adrenal gland, which can cause excess hair growth. Relating to the skin. The hard outer protective layer of the hair. Healthy cuticles impart sheen to the hair. Usually found in a nail polish-like bottle,helps soften and moisturize cuticles for a smooth, hydrated manicure. Use the oil at the base of the nail and all the way up on each side of the nail for best results. The hair cuticles form a protective layer which covers the shaft of hair. If your hair is coloured or bleached they can spread out, split or become bloated due to over processing. The term used to describe getting a ‘hair cut’ and having your new hairpiece styled for the first time when you first receive it. It involves a simple hair cut and blending in of the hairpiece with your existing hair. A regular hair dresser can do this although it is sometimes recommended that a stylist familiar with hairpieces does it. Cyclodextrins are produced from starch by means of enzymatic conversion. Over the last few years they have found a wide range of applications in food, pharmaceutical and chemical industries as well as agriculture and environmental engineering. It is also the chief active compound found in Procter and Gamble’s deodorizing product “Febreze”.” This drug is normally used to reduce sex drive in men who have an excessive sex drive. It is also prescribed to treat hirsuitism and androgenetic alopecia in women. A closed sac or capsule usually filled with fluid or semisolid material. A drug sometimes linked to excess hair growth. Flaking scalp due to excessive cell production. Dark spots are caused by acne scars, sun damage, and genetics, but dark spot correctors work to improve these issues to even out your skin tone for a radiant complexion. Found in serum and cream form,have lightening agents that work with pigmentation issues to even out skin. A conditioner for hair meant for occasional use. Of greater intensity than ordinary conditioners. Formulas usually contain protein, vitamins, and moisture to help dry, damaged hair. Removal of hair on the surface of the skin. Examples include shaving or the use of depilatory creams. The temporary removal of hair. Substances used to dissolve hair above the skin’s surface. The darkness or lightness of a colour. A cosmetic procedure used to smooth skin and reduce scars.


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Dermal Papilla Dermal Sheath Dermatitis Dermatologist Dermis Developer Dexamethosone Dht (Dihydrotestosterone) Diabetes Diameter Diathermy Diazoxide Diet Diffuser Dilantin Dimethicone Diode Direct Current Discomfort Distorted Hair Follicles Donor Site Dotting Tool The dermal papilla is situated at the base of the hair follicle. The dermal papilla contains nerves and blood vessels which supply glucose for energy and amino acids to make keratin.A tiny bulge at the root of a hair, believed to be one of the primary targets in permanent hair removal. A lining around a hair. Atopic Dermatitis is also known as Eczema. Contact Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with an irritating substance. A doctor specializing in skin and hair conditions. The deepest layers of the skin, where blood vessels, lymph channels, nerve endings, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, fat cells, hair follicles and muscles are located. The dermis varies in thickness over different sites of the body. A product which oxidises artificial colour pigment. A steroid anti-inflammatory which sometimes causes hair growth. DHT is a male hormone that is suggested to be the main cause for the miniaturisation of the hair follicle and for hair loss. DHT is formed when the male hormone testosterone interacts with the enzyme 5-alpha reductase. A disease where the body improperly produces insulin, sometimes linked to excess hair growth. A measurement across the width of the hair. Another name for thermolysis. A drug sometimes linked to excess hair growth. Is sometimes linked to excess hair growth, especially in the extremely obese and extremely anorexic. A Diffuser is an adapter you put on the end of your hair dryer; it’s generally circular with a number of pins sticking out from it. A drug sometimes linked to excess hair growth. Detangling aid which conditions, protects against humidity, adds shine. A semiconductive material which mainly lets energy travel one direction and not the other. Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) are used for the numeric displays on microwaves and VCRS as well as for lasers. Also called DC, it is a type of electrical energy that travels in one direction. The other type is alternating current (AC). Direct current is used in the Galvanic electrolysis method to cause a chemical reaction in the hair follicle. Varies greatly by individual and body area. Electrolysis is generally considered most painful, followed by laser, plucking, waxing and finally pulse light sources. Body areas most prone to discomfort are underneath the nostrils, around the lips, and the bikini zone. A relatively rare condition in which the follicle is not straight. This condition can make waxing and electrolysis more difficult and can lead to ingrown hairs and is very successfully treated using pulsed light Site where hair roots are taken from during transplant surgery. Used in nail art, ais a skinny metal tool with a small metal ball at the end. To create dots on your nails, dip the metal ball into a drop of nail polish, then place the dotting tool on your nail.


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Double-Blind Dreadlocks Drug Treatment Dry Shampoo Dutasteride Dynamic Cooling Ears Eccrine Gland Eczema Edema (Oedema) Efficacy Elasticity Electric Tweezer Electrocoagulation Electrode Electrology Electrolysis Emla Emollients A clinical testing method in which neither patient nor doctor know what medication or procedure is being used. A hairstyle in which the hair naturally or through manipulation is encouraged to matte and form a cylindrical, rope-like pattern. Dreadlocks may take several months to well over a year to form and are considered a permanent style. In order to remove dreadlocks, one must cut them. Excess hair can be increased or decreased by certain drugs. These drugs often affect hormonal levels. Consult a physician if a drug seems to be causing increased hair growth. is an aerosol spray that works to absorb excess oil in hair while giving it body and a bit of texture. Spray dry shampoo a few inches away from the roots, underneath the top layer of hair, then gently comb through with fingers to distribute the product. A medication under development by Glaxo-Welcome for the treatment of BPH, which is a dual inhibitor of the 5-Alpa Reductase enzymes responsible for converting tostosterone to DHT. A method of epidermal cooling which cools the skin with supercooled liquid immediately before a laser pulse is applied. A common place for hair removal in older males. Only hair on the outer ear should be treated, and never inside the ear canal due to risk of infection. A medical term for sweat gland. These tiny pores do not contain hair follicles. Also called contact dermatitis, it’s a mild inflammation of the skin. A medical term for swelling. A term meaning how well or effectively a cosmetic device works. The hair’s ability to stretch without breaking and then return to its original shape. A device that removes hair by grasping hairs above the skin’s surface with an electrified tweezer. FDA has stated that no electric tweezers have shown evidence that they can perform permanent hair removal. The use of heat generated by electricity to change tissue from a fluid to a semi-solid, similar to cooking an egg. Electrocoagulation is the operating method behind flash thermolysis. In hair removal, a conductor through which electricity enters or leaves the body. An electrolysis needle is an electrode. The practice of hair removal through the use of electrified needles, invented in the 1870’s. Electrologist a practitioner of electrology. In hair removal, the practice of epilation with electrified needles. Electrolysis was originally the name for hair removal with direct current only (also called galvanic), although the term is generally applied to all three modalities of epilation with an electrified needle. Is a prescription topical anaesthetic used by some clients of laser and electrolysis to reduce and eliminate pain. Ingredients that soften or smooth.


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Emulsifier Endocrine System Energy Density Enzyme Epidermis Epilation Erythema Eschar Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) Essential Oil Estrogen Estrogen (Oestrogen) Exfoliating Exfoliating Powder Exfoliation Extension Extract A thickening agent and/or binding agent added to products to change their physical composition (joins two or more ingredients together). For example, it can turn a lotion into a cream. A group of glands which maintain the body’s internal environment through the production of hormones. Imbalances in this system can sometimes lead to increased or decreased hair. Glands in the endocrine system include the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, ovaries, and testes Term used to measure the output energy for Lasers and Pulsed Light Sources. Quoted in J/cm2 (Joules per square centimetre). See Fluence. Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e. accelerate) and control the rates of chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process are called substrates, and the enzyme converts them into different molecules, the products. Almost all processes in a biological cell need enzymes in order to occur at significant rates. Since enzymes are extremely selective for their substrates and speed up only a few reactions from among many possibilities, the set of enzymes made in a cell determines which metabolic pathways occur in that cell. The thin outer layer of skin, on top of the thicker and deeper dermis. The removal of hair below the skin’s surface (as opposed to depilation). Epilation methods include plucking, waxing, electrolysis and laser. A medical term for the redness that sometimes follows hair removal and skin rejuvenation. A small temporary scab that occurs sometimes after electrolysis, especially after overtreatment. EFA preserve the resilence and flexibility of your hair. It’s common for hair products to contain natural or synethetic EFA’s like cetyl alcohol The essence of a plant, removed by compressing, steaming, dissolving or distilling. These oils produce the strongest odors, flavors, or medicinal properties when used in a product. One of a group of hormonal steroid compounds that promote the development of female secondary sex characteristics. A female hormone sometimes linked to increased hair growth. A process of removing the top dead skin layers to reveal healthier, newer skin underneath. Instead of using an exfoliator with large granules or man-made microbeads,is a gentle way to slough away dry, dead skin. After cleansing your face, mix the powder with water to create a thick paste. Massage the paste into your skin for about a minute, and rinse. The removal of dead skin cells to reveal softer skin underneath. Hair extensions are pieces of real or synthetic weaved close to the scalp in order to achieve greater length and/or fullness. An herbal concentrate produced by separating the essential or active part of an herb into a solvent material.


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Eye Crayon Eye Cream Eyebrow Gel Eyelash Primer Eyelashes Eyeliner Brush Eyeliner Gel Eyeshadow Primer Face Lift Face Mist A simple application for, an eye crayon is essentially a cream or gel eyeshadow formula packaged into a twist-up crayon. They’re particularly helpful when you’re going for an intricate or more dramatic eyeshadow look (such as a smokey eye) and you need precision with application. While eye creams are typically put in the anti-aging category, targeting fine lines and wrinkles, there are also eye creams designed for dark circles, puffiness, and brightening. Use your ring finger (the weakest) to tap on eye cream at night for the best results. Using eye cream in the morning can create a slippage problem for your eye makeup during the day. Similar to the packaging of mascara,comes in a tube with a spoolie wand brush. Colored eyebrow gel is used by ladies who want to fill in their eyebrows but don’t want to worry about the precision of a pencil. Alternatively, clear eyebrow gel is used to keep unruly eyebrows in place all day long. is a clear or white mascara-like product that’s applied to eyelashes before mascara to enhance the thickness and length of eyelashes. Sometimes, mascara tubes are dual-ended, including an eyelash primer on one end and a mascara on the other to be used together. Protective hairs on the eyelid. Some people get ingrown hairs here, which should only be treated under a physician’s care, preferably an ophthalmologist (eye doctor). A flat, skinny, angled brush with short bristles, eyeliner brushes are the ultimate tool to create a defined line (especially for a cat eye!) with gel, powder, or cream eyeshadow or liner. Using the eyeliner brush wet will give you an even bolder finished product. Eyeliner comes in various forms, but for a graphic, striking look, go for a. Gel liners come in small pots and are meant to be used with eyeliner brushes, giving you incredible precision and a smooth, gliding application. We recommend going for a waterproof gel eyeliner for optimal results. If you’ve got oily eyelids or a long night of makeup ahead of you, you must start your look with eyeshadow primer. Found in both cream and gel formulas, eyeshadow primer is applied directly to the eyelid and works to keep shadow in place by absorbing any kind of oil on your lids. Eyeshadow will adhere to the primer instead of your lid, which gives you serious staying power. Surgical procedure that lifts and stretches the patients skin to provide a firmer more youthful look. Does not improve appearance of the skin itself. Some face lift patients require hair removal under and behind the ears following this procedure, since hair-bearing skin ends up being moved behind the ear. A shot of hydration to your face, face mistcomes in a spray bottle and can be used over makeup or on clean skin for a quick burst of moisture throughout the day. If you have dry skin, applying face mist to refresh your look will help keep it at bay.


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Face Oil Face Peel Face Primer Fashion Shade Feathering Fibroblasts Finasteride Finishing Spray Fluence Fly-Away Hair Follicle Follicle Sheath Follicles Follicular Hair Transplants Follicular Unit Folliculitis Foundation Brush Oil absorbs more quickly into the skin than a cream, which is whyworks wonders. Most face oils are lightweight and can be used in place of a traditional lotion after cleansing. Contrary to popular belief, using face oil on acne-prone skin will not make breakouts worse. The at-home version of a face peel is much more watered down than the chemical peel treatment available at a dermatologist’s office. There are many different kinds of face peels for everything from acne-prone skin to uneven skin tone, and the formula works to exfoliate the top layer of skin while making the cell regrowth occur faster. Essentially, it means you’ll see a new, fresh layer of skin faster. Meant to be worn underneath a full coverage foundation,is applied to clean, dry skin before any makeup to help keep cosmetics in place. Primer smooths out skin and keeps oil at bay to help your makeup stay fresh all day long. A basic colour with added tone. Feathering is a cutting technique hairdressers use to take hard lines out of the hair. By cutting into the hair softer lines are created. Cells within the the extracellular matrix that produce new collagen molecules when stimulated. Finasteride is the generic name of the brand name drug Proscar. A drug that binds with the type 2 5-Alpha Reductase enzyme to reduce the amount of DHT in the prostate and serum. Proscar is manufactured by Merck and is FDA approved for the treatment of benign prostate enlargement. More recently 1mg tablets of finasteride have been marketed under the brand name Propecia as a treatment for hairloss. A hairspray with medium hold used on a finished style to maintain its shape and hold. Term used to measure the output energy, for Lasers and Pulsed Light Sources, that is delivered to tissue. Quoted in J/cm2 (Joules per square centimetre). Fly-away Hair, is thin hair that is charged by static and is a particular problem with straight looks as the hair just won’t lie properly and can spoil your look. An over excitation of melanocytes, darkening of the skin. Can be seen as sun-induced freckles or melasma. Caused by an absence of melanocytes, whitening of the skin. Vitiligo is a common medical complaint. A hollow or pocket in the skin. Tea made by steeping an herb’s leaves or flowers in hot water. A hair that does not break the surface of the skin, and grows back inward. Can be severe and cause inflammation, soreness and infection. A method in which hair is maintained or tightened using a tool. Process where water molecules are broken down by ions into smaller droplets. This then allows the hair to absorb the moisture more easily. Ionic



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