Guia Rio+3 in English

 

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6 wonderfuls tour just 3 hours away from Rio de Janeiro City.

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RIO DE JANEIRO STATE MAP TOURISTIC DESTINATIONS Minas Gerais Espírito Santo São Paulo Atlantic Ocean DIstances from rIo De JaneIro ITINERARY 1 - up to 245Km ITINERARY 2 - up to 200Km ITINERARY 3 - up to 180Km ITINERARY 4 - up to 130Km ITINERARY 5 - up to 273Km ITINERARY 6 - até 140Km

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ItInerary 1 Fascinating islands and secular architectural sets 6 André Azevedo/Sectur Paraty André Azevedo/Sectur Paraty Luis Fernando Lara/TurisAngra 7 Acervo Prefeitura de Angra dos Reis/TurisAngra

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The exuberant nature of Rio de Janeiro is an enchantment to tourists. Among the state regions which are priviledged in this characteristic there is the Costa Verde (Green Coast), in the southern coast where a big part of the Mata Atlantica (Atlantic Forestland) is preserved counting with two thousand beaches and 365 islands, where Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) Islands and the Ilha Grande (Big Island) Ecologic Sanctuary rise in addition to Paraty secular architectural sets. In this region various boat trips, ecological trail walks, diving and game fishing, sea bathing (in most clear and smooth waters) as well as bathing in rivers and cascades can be done. The tourist could also cover the Rota do Ouro na Estrada Real (Gold Route in the Royal Way) historical way or even visit mills and farms. There is also a rich religious tradition folklore and an outstanding gastronomy having in seafood its main ingredients besides the traditional production of homemade cachaça (sugar cane brandy), one among the best in the country. Indian and black people cultural heritage is present in native life and promenades in Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina (Bocaina Mountain Range National Park) reveal historical ways, monumental landscapes in the mountains, transparent water beaches, natural pools and indescribable waterfalls. 8 How to get tHere coming from rio de Janeiro city Angra dos Reis 150 km - BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road) Ilha Grande 100 km until Mangaratiba - BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road) until Mangaratiba plus aproximately 90 minutes in a boat trip. Paraty 245 km - BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road) Saint João Marcos Archeological and Environmental Park 120 km - BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road). At Mangaratiba roundabout access the RJ-149 to the right towards Piloto Mountain Range. Keep climbing the road towards Rio Claro for aproximately 20 Km. Park entrance is at the right side. Bocaina Mountain Range National Park (South eat - Paraty) 255 km - BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road) until Paraty. Then take the RJ-165 (Paraty-Cunha Road) for approximately 10 Km. Trindade 265 km - BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road) Km 588. From the Paraty roundabout up to the Patrimônio roundabout, where the road which leads to Trindade begins, the distance is 16 Km. There will be more 5 Km in an adjacent road which has a steep ascent and crosses the Deus-me-livre hill. After the first ascent, there is a bifurcation: stay at the right side. The first beach is Cepilho Beach. Crossing a small river to the right and going straight ahead Vila de Trindade is reached. The village is also part of the Bocaina Parna Mountain Range coastal area. HIstory Being an ancient route for the Minas Gerais (General Mines) production flow the cities in this region have a high historical and cultural value, by preserving the buildings of that time. In this way the centerpiece is Paraty, which used to be one of Brazil’s main ports, being the final stop of the Estrada Real (Royal Way) Old Way where the muleteers transported gold Paraty Historical Center, in front of city’s bay André Azevedo/Sectur Paraty Perpetual Defender Fort, in Paraty and precious stones. In the Historical Center, the tourist could walk in old pavement streets, made of irregular stones, known as “Pé de moleque” (a sweet made of peanuts and cooked sugar called “Boy’s foot”), a urban jewel from the 18th century. Among the historical buildings, the most important is the Igreja Matriz de Nossa Senhora dos Remedios (Saint Mary of the Remedies’ Main Church) which first chapel’s building year is 1646 and the current building, in neoclassic style, is from 1873. On the other hand the Igreja de Santa Rita (Saint Rita’s Church), from 1722, is part of a jesuitic architecture building set which includes the Museu de Arte Sacra (Holy Art Museum). It stands in front of Paraty Bay, in a bucolic and charming scenery. Also a highlight on the Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosário e São Benedito (Saint Mary of the Chaplet and Saint Benedito Church) , a relic destinated to the slaves and built by them in 1722. And on top of the Morro da Vila Velha (Old Village Hill) the imponent Forte Defensor Perpétuo (Perpetual Defender Fort) reigns; built in 1703 to protect the city against pirates invasion, french and dutch ships. It counts with eight canons having different calibers. Inside it the Centro de Artes e Tradições Populares de Paraty (Paraty Popular Arts and Traditions Center), a permanent caiçara handicraft display museum, works. 9 André Azevedo/Sectur Paraty

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Luís Fernando Lara/TurisAngra Igor Abreu/TurisAngra Elite Dive Center/INEA Acervo PEIG/INEA Jesus of the Bonfim Hermitage, at Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) bay Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) is from 1502, when the portuguese people landed just in a protected bight in the day of the Reis Magos (Magus Kings). Among the historical attractions a highlight is on the Matriz de Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Saint Mary of the Conception’s Main Church), city’s patron saint, from 1750; o Museu de Arte Sacra (Holy Art Museum), which gathers more than two thousand art pieces and is next to the Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Lapa e Boa Morte ( Saint Mary of the Shelter and Good Death’s Curch) from 1752; the Ermida de Nosso Senhor do Bonfim (Jesus of the Bonfim Hermitage) from 1780 which is located in a small island under same name; the Capela de Santa Luzia (Saint Luizia’s Chapel) from 1632, which was the first in the city; the ruins of the Convento São Bernardino de Sena (Saint Bernardino de Sena’s Covent) from 1763 and the Capela da Ordem Terceira de São Francisco da Penitência (Saint Francisco Third Order Chapel); the Convento de Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Saint Mary of the Carmo’s Covent) from 1593, a colonial era jewel; the Largo do Mercado (Marketplace) where there is the Mercado Municipal (Municipal Market) and a handicraft fair further to the bandstand and the Casa Laranjeiras (Laranjeiras House); the Rua do Comércio (Commerce Street) which architectural set is from the 40th decade of the 19th century; the Vila de Mambucaba (Mambucaba Village), a settlement which apogee happened in the 19th century with the trading of slaves and where some buildings like the Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Saint Mary of the Chaplet’s Church), from 1854, and the imponent Colégio Naval (Naval School) built in 1914 still last. 365 IslanDs Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) is the main county of this region, having 365 islands. The highlight is for Ilha Grande (Big Island), state coast principal island, which is a genuine ecological paradise. Among the most beautiful islands, we also highlight Botinas, Cataguases, Gipóia and also the Lagoa Azul (Blue Lagoon) in the Freguesia de Santana (Santana Village), which is formed by round positioned islands (dos Macacos, Comprida, Redonda e Grande which are Monkeys’ Island, Long Island, Round Island and Big Island). The access is done by boat which Adventurer Beach, at Ilha Grande (Big Island) 10 may be contracted at Angra’s downtown, Vila do Abraão (Abraham’s Village in Ilha Grande) or at tour agencies. So much beauty was acknowledged by the Annual Research “Traveler’s Choice Awards”, published in the beginning of 2015 by one of the main trips sites in the world – TripAdvisor - which included Lopes Mendes beach in Ilha Grande (Big Island) as the 3rd position among the ten best beaches in South America and as the 2nd position among the best beaches in Brazil. IlHa GranDe (BIG IslanD) It can only be accessed by sea transport from Mangaratiba, Conceição de Jacareí or Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight), landing at the Vila do Abraão (Abraham’s Village) pier. It has 106 beaches being among them Lopes Mendes, Aventureiro (Adventurer), Palmas, Parnaioca, Saco do Céu, Dois Rios and Caxadaço. There are also waterfalls like Feiticeira (Warlock), at the Enseada da Estrela (Star Cove) having a 15 meter water fall height, where rappel may be practiced, and the Poço do Lazareto (Lazareto’s Well). This sanctuary is protected by two conservancy units: the Parque Estadual da Ilha Grande (Big Island) (State Park of Ilha Grande) wich comprehends almost all of its territory and the Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Southern Beach State Biological Reserve) where the Parque Marinho do Aventureiro (Adventurer’s Marine Park) is located and has paradisiacal beaches like Aventureiro (Adventurer) and its uncommon coconut palm which grew up in a horizontal position, as well as the Praia Sul (Southern Beach) and the Praia Leste (Eastern Beach) and their respective lagoons. That ecological system has Abra‹o (Abraham’s) aqueduct fishes like garoupas, tainhas, golfinhos (dolphins) and tartarugas (turtles). Once the quantity of visitors is controlled at 560 persons a day visitors need, as to access the Park, a permit which could be obtained at the TurisAngra CIT at Praia do Anil (Indigo Beach). There is no regular boat service to that place so it is recommendable to contract only those authorized boats at the Port Authority to sail on open waters. Adjoining to the Ilha Grande (Big Island) Ilha de Jorge Grego (Jorge Grego’s Island) is known as the Dolphin’s paradise and houses various birds specimens as well. BeacHes In Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) the main beach is Praia Grande (Big Beach) at Estrada do Contorno (Contour Road). Other beaches which attract tourists are Biscaia and Monsuaba. In Paraty beaches are even more beautiful. The Praia do Sono (Sleep Island) is at east coast, on the way to Trindade. It is an extremely quiet place, framed by almond trees, where a small community lives. Yet the Praia da Lula (Squid Beach), nearer to the city, accessed by the sea, has incredibly transparent waters. DIvInG Ilha Grande (Big Island) Bay counts with an infinity of diving points, be free (snorkel, scuba mask and flipper) or freestanding (diving lung). Some points demand more experience and others may be explored by amateur divers being, Sargentinhos (Little Sergeants) Blue Lagoon 11

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Royal Way’s Gold Way trail however, important to contract the services of an authorized diving operator. Cataguases and Botinas Islands and Azul (Blue) and Verde (Green) lagoons at Ilha Grande (Big Island) are ideal for free diving. For beginners the Ilhas de Jorge Grego e Laje Branca (Jorge Grego and Flat Rock Islands), near to Araçatiba Beach at Ilha Grande (Big Island) are recommended. The more experienced divers may avail themselves of the shipwrecks, among them the ship Pinguino, which is sunken at Enseada do Sítio Forte (Strong Besiege Cove) since 1967 at an approximate depth of 20 meters. The California, sunk in 1866, remains at Enseada de Araçatiba (Araçatiba Cove), next to Praia Vermelha (Red Beach) and the battleship Aquidabã, sunk in 1906, is in Enseada de Jacuacanga (Jacuacanga Cove). Another island which is perfect for diving and boat tours is the Ilha da Gipoia (Gipoia Island) where highlights are for the Flechas (Arrows), Jurubatuba (Dentist’s) and Piedade (Mercy) beaches as well as the Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Piedade (Saint Mary of Mercy Church). HIstorIcal relIcs Some of the principal relics at Ilha Grande (Big Island) are the Aqueduto (Aqueduct) from 1893, 125 meters long; the Igreja de Santana (Saint Anna Church) from 1796, in the beautiful and peaceful Freguesia de Santana (Santana Village) and the ruins of the old presidio at the Candido 12 Mendes Penitentiary Compound at the Vila de Dois Rios (Two Rivers Village). It functioned from 1903 to 1994 and received famous political reasons prisioners like Graciliano Ramos, Origenes Lessa and Fernando Gabeira, revolutionists like Flores da Cunha, Luiz Carlos Prestes and Nelson Rodrigues and high dangerousness criminals like Madame Satã, Lucio Flavio and Jose Carlos dos Reis Encina, the “Escadinha” (Little Stairs). In one of the compound buildings, totally rebuilt, the Centro de Estudos Ambientais e Desenvolvimento Sustentável da UERJ (State of Rio de Janeiro University’s Environmental Studies and Sustainable Development Center) works. In the old compound central building there are now the EcoMuseu (Echology Museum) and the Museu do Cárcere (Prison Museum). Another historical attraction is Lazareto ruins at the Praia Preta (Black Beach). It is a fortified building, set up in 1871, to shelter forty sick travelers and immigrants who arrived at this country, remaining in use up to 1910. It was changed into a political reasons prisoners presidio in the 30’s and was imploded in 1954, when the prisoners were transferred to the Colonia de Dois Rios (Two Rivers Penitentiary Compound). Paraty-cunHa/estraDa real (Paraty-cunHa roaD/royal Way) The Atlantic Forestland that spreads through Quilombo Campinho da Independência André Azevedo/Sectur Paraty Quilombo Campinho da Independencia preserved traditions the Serra do Mar (Sea Montain Range) and the Serra da Bocaina (Bocaina Mountain Range) offers various attractives. Being accessible by the Estrada Parque Paraty – Cunha (Parati Park-Cunha Road) (RJ-165) or Estrada Real (Royal Road), already paved in 1/3 of its extention, and after by the Estrada da Pedra Branca (White Stone Road), in a total of 11 kilometers, one can arrive at Cachoeira da Pedra Branca (White Sone Waterfall) which has two 5 meters high falls, creating showers and natural pools. The Cachoeira do Tobogã (Tobogã Waterfall) is a little bit above it, being accessible by the same road 8 kilometers after. In it there is a big and smooth stone where people can slide ending in a well. Above the sliding stone there is a water fall where is possible to stay behind the water drape in a small cave. The Cachoeira do Iriri (Iriri Waterfall), which access begins at the BR-101 Road, in the 548th kilometer (between Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) and Paraty), by following a trail wich begins closer to the bus stop, is formed by two falls and two natural pools. Pé de Moleque (Boy’s foot) pavement in Paraty historidcal streets Janaína Ercolin/Sectur Paraty culture In Paraty culture is a strong point. It is worth to visit the Casa de Cultura (Culture House) and the Quartel Patitiba (Patitiba Headquarters) which houses the Instituto Histórico e Artístico (Historical and Artistic Institute) and the Biblioteca Municipal Fábio Vilaboim (Fabio Vilaboim’s Municipal Library). The city is also the seat for one of the major literature events in the country: the Festa Literária Internacional de Paraty (Paraty’s International Literary Festival) – FLIP always counting with the attendance of many people as well as famous brazilian and foreign authors. Another valuable cultural item is the Ciranda do povoado de Tarituba (Tarituba Village Ring-around-the-rosy), active since the 70’s, a tradition of party with music and dance like ciranda, cateretê, cana verde, tontinha, caboco véio, arara, caranguejo and chapéu. Paraty’s musical patrimony also includes groups like the Coroas Cirandeiros (Old Cirandeiros), the Grupo de Cirandeiros Sete Unidos (Seven United Cirandeiros Group) and the Grupo de Cirandeiros Caiçaras (Caiçaras Cirandeiros Group). There i salso the Coral de Indios da aldeia Itaxim (Indian Choir from Itaxim Hamlet) or Paraty-Mirim and The Santa Cecilia (Saint Cecilia) Music Society. The religious calendar is also very rich. The municipal catholic tradition offers more than 20 events a year being the two principals the celebration of Corpus Christi which leads to the 17th and 18th centuries tradition, when stagings like Easter Passion Play are performed and processions like the Fogaréu (Bonfire) happen. Statues and holy items more than 300 years aged are exhibited to the people and the city’s historical streets are covered by colored carpets made of various materials like sawdust, lime, flowers and coffee powder among others. The Festa do 13

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Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) Maritime Procession Luís Fernando Lara/TurisAngra Divino (Divine Rejoicing) which takes place since the 18th century, in the day of Petencostes (50 days after Easter) is a great traditional celebration that lasts 10 days, with masses, litanies, auctions, raffles, bingos, drinks and foods stands, besides tipical dances and music shows. Over the centuries this event has maintained its communitarian, religious and folkloric spirit from past times, with some basic principles being preserved like meat distribution to poor people, food to the people in general and toffees as well as sweets to the children. In Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) every 1st of January , the Maritime Procession happens, gathering hundreds of boats to celebrate the New Year coming. In the cultural calendar, highlight is also for the Folia de Reis Luz Divina (Divine Light Kings’ Revelry), which happens on the Dia de Reis (Kings Day), the 6th of January, one of the most traditional in the municipality, and the Festa do Divino Espirito Santo ( Divine Holy Ghost Rejoicing), celebrated since the 17th century. exIstence tourIsm The Costa Verde (Green Coast) preserves an important ethnic-cultural heritage and still hou- ses traditional quilombolas (slaves), caiçaras and indian (Guarani) communities. The Associação dos Moradores de Campinho (Campinho Dwellers Association) undertakes a Social and Cultural Tourism project at the communities where the visitor will find handicraft made of board like baskets, bamboo and liana, manioc powder and will closely see how these so original communities live. The Comunidade Quilombola Campinho da Independencia (Campinho da Independencia Black Slave Descendents Community) in Paraty is in a place where it used to be a quilombo (place where fugitive slaves or freedman lived together) and nowadays is a culture point which seeks to maintain the black culture alive with activities like capoeira (martial art), jongo (dance), percussion (instrument playing) and handicraft. It is also where the festa da Consciência Negra (Black Conscience Fest) happens. It was there where, at the and of the 19th century with the slavery abolition, the black slaves from the farms in that region gathered themselves around three leaders, the ex-slaves Vovó Antonica (Grandma Antonica), Tia Marcelina (Aunt Marcelina) and Tia Luiza (Aunt Luiza) as to preserve their cultural roots. It counts with a communitarian 14 restaurant which offers a variety of tipical foods. The Quilombo Santa Rita do Bracuí (Saint Rita do Bracuí Quilombo), in Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight), preserves the african traditions with cultural activities and workshops to enable persons in audiovisual arts, capoeira (martial art), jongo (dance), percussion (instrument playing), musicalização (music notions), ecological tourism and handicraft. About 130 slave descendent families live in the quilombo. In its central zone there is a waterfall surrounded by juçara palmtrees from which a tasteful palm cabbage is extracted. Another ethnic group which roots are sticked in the Costa Verde (Green Coast) shore is the Caiçaras. This tupi-guarani (indian) origin word was used to name the poles made of branches and tree trunks that the Indians sticked into the water to fence in the fishes. Thereafter it was used to nominate the states of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná shore communities. Cultural and social elements are common in all caiçara territory, being the canoe sculptured in native wood trunks their identity principal symbol. In the communities like Saco do Mamanguá, in Paraty, the visitor could observe their lifestyle, fishing activities, agriculture and handicraft. It will be possible to try cookery based on fishes, seafood, banana and manioc powder. Along the Rodovia Rio-Santos (Rio-Santos Road) there are some handicraft, pieces made of clay, baskets as well as quilombola and caiçara communities’ snacks sale points. The bigger concentration is found in places in the stretch between Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) and Paraty. Gastronomy All Costa Verde (Green Coast) cities have a big offer of restaurants. It is understood that the predominant culinary is based on seafood added by indian and black heritage traditional agriculture elements. It is also rich in renewable elements like pupunha palm cabbage. International restaurants can be found in Paraty, Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) and local resorts. Paraty’s cachaça (sugar cane brandy) is a traditional product under quality and origin approval. According to historians, it began to be produced about 1600. So important, it even won a festival. There, various alembics with various kinds of cachaça, for all tastes, exist. Quilombo Campinho da Independência Historical streets decotated wih colored carpets during Corpus Christi sHoPPInG Shopping Centers and small stores in the center of the cities are the principal sales points. Beachware and handicraft predominate. The Shopping Piratas (Pirates Shopping), at Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) city entrance, is a great option. Further to shopping visitors will also find excellent restaurants’ offer, cinema and leisure areas. Feijoada, Brazilian typical food 15 André Azevedo/Sectur Paraty

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Acervo Sectur Paraty also see Parque nacIonal Da serra Da BocaIna (BocaIna mountaIn ranGe natIonal Park) Accessed by the Estrada Parque Paraty-Cunha (Parque Paraty-Cunha Road), RJ-165, 104 thousand hectare sized, it is the second major Atlantic Forestland bioma preservation area, acknowledged as a Worldwide Biosphere Reserve by Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação, a Ciência e a Cultura (United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture) – UNESCO in 1992. Created in 1971, it is located in a stretch of the Serra do Mar (Sea Mountain Range), in the borderline between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states. The tourists who want to explore the secular trails of Caminho de Mambucaba (Mambucaba Way), the most famous of the “Gold Trails”, utilized by the muleers in the beginning of the 18th century to transport gold from Minas Gerais (General Mines) state to Mambucaba and Paraty ports, must contract specialized guides’ services and schedule it by the park’s phone previously. This trail’s complete route follows the Mambucaba river and may be done in a three or four days walking, going through 46 kilometers. The descent route links São Jose do Barreiro (Saint Joseph of Barreiro) city in São Paulo state (SP) to the other park entrance, in Baía da Ilha Grande (Big Island Bay), Bracu’ Waterfall provides large panoramic sight of the sea and Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) bay islands between Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) and Paraty in Rio de Janeiro state (RJ). In the Rio de Janeiro state section, of about 20 kilometers, tourists wil pass through stone paved stretches, made by the slaves and cross crystal clear streams and wells. Vegetation is well preserved and protects various animals at extinction risk like the onça pintada (jaguar), the sagui and the bugio (monkeys), the tamandua mirim (small anteater) and the muriqui, the biggest Americas’ monkey. According to Mr. Francisco Livino, chief at the Parna Serra da Bocaina (Bocaina Mountain Range Parna) investments which will provide a better infrastructure for the visitors are presently made. Works must end by the middle of 2016 and include a building for the state of Rio de Janeiro administration and a gatehouse for visitors access control. An average of 500 thousand people visit the park yearly. trInDaDe One of the most beautiful places of the whole Rio de Janeiro state shore is Trindade, village located inside the Parque Nacional da Serra da Bocaina (Bocaina Mountain Range National Park) and which has already been a tipical caiçara fishermen village. 16 kilometers far from Paraty, by the BR-101 (Rio-Santos Road), accessed by a link road at Trevo de Patrimonio, it is hidden within the Atlantic Forestland’s woodland. Bathing in crystal clear river or waterfalls like Pontal and Pedra que Engole (Swallowing Stone) are great leisure options. It has paradisiacal beaches , some of them calm like the praia do Meio (Middle beach), Codós beach at the river under the same name estuary, the praia de Fora (Outside Beach)and praia dos Ranchos, ideal for families and Stand Up Praia do Meio (Middle Beach), in Trindade 16 Daniel Toffoli/Parna Serra da Bocaina Historical ruins and relics at the S‹o Jo‹o Marcos (Saint John Marcos) archeologic and environmental site Acervo Parque São João Marcos Paddle practice. But there are also rough sea beaches, very good for surfing, like Cepilho e Cachadaço. At the end of this last beach there is a beautiful sea natural pool, the Piscina do Cachadaço (Cachadaço’s Pool). It is located in an area sheltered by big volcanic stones, where it is possible to swim among colored fishes. The tourist must have a snorkel and a mask to help in the observation of the marine fauna but cannot take bags and thermal bags or any other kind of disposable material once the place is protected and sensible regarding environmental impacts. It can be accessed by a 700 meter trail from the Praia do Cachadaço (Cachadaço’s Beach) or by boats that leave from the Praia do Meio (Middle Beach). The access is restricted to 78 people at a time. IlHa Do tesouro (treasure IslanD) In Trindade treasure legends fulfill people imagination. During the colonial period, this village could have been a refuge for pirates who used to attack and maraud ships that were living Paraty heading to Portugal. Local caiçaras stories mention lost treasures and chests full of gold, particularly in the Ilha do Tesouro (Treasure Island), a small and easy access island between the praia do Meio (Middle Beach) and praia dos Codós (Codós beach). This village remained hidden and untouched for many years until being discovered by hippies in the 60’s. Little by little its paradise feature became known and, in the 90’s, tourism has discovered the place. Presently it is a good touristic infrastructure place counting with inns, lodges and restaurants. It is periodically monitored by Instituto Chico Mendes (Chico Mendes’ Institute) – ICMBio, which is organizing the park, with natural attractives signage and preservation. ruInas De são marcos (saInt marcos ruIns) The Parque Arqueológico e Ambiental de São João Marcos (Saint John Marcos Archeological and Environmental Park), with the ruins of an ancient and powerful city in the state of Rio de Janeiro, belongs to the município de Rio Claro (Rio Claro municipality). Its name comes from a chapel, built in 1739, dedicated to Saint John Marcos. Being an open air relic today, this colonial city flowered with coffee production and slaves trading, functioning as an obligatory way in the route from São Paulo and Minas Gerais (General Mines) states to Rio de Janeiro state Green Coast (Costa Verde). Its first records are from 1733, but its apogee happened at the end of 19th century as the Estrada Imperial (Imperial Way), country’s first carriage way, crossed the city. At that time it had 20 thousand inhabitants and a reasonable urban structure, like city hall, jail, hospital, church, schools, theatres and clubs. By 1810 it became, as Resende, Valença, Vassouras and Paraíba do Sul, one of the main coffee production centers in Brazil. Decadence appeared at the end of these two eras and, to worsen things, in the 40’s, it has been devastated by epidemic malaria (jungle fever) wich killed part of the population. Those who survived were transferred to neighbor counties, once the old city would be flooded by the Represa de Ribeirão das Lajes (Lajes River Dam), which did not happen completely. The protection by the patrimonio estadual (state patrimony office) happened in 1990. In 2011 the Parque Arqueológico (Archeological Park) was inaugurated. The visit circuit represents 33 thousand square meters, where the visitor will walk taking advatange of the nature, including an observation tower, for birds observation, at the dam margin. In the urban archeological circuit, the visitor will go through delimited places, without any harm or loss to the ruins which give an idea of the old city life like the Estrada Imperial (Imperial Way) containment walls, arc bridges and the main church remainings, among others. In the Centro da Memória (Memory Center) there is a miniature of the old São João Marcos (Saint John Marcos) city, as it was in 1940, and permanent exhibition of artifacts collected at the historical places. One of the most beautiful relics is the Ponte Bela (Beautiful Bridge), built in 1857 in the Estrada Imperial (Imperial Way). Periodically immersed in the dam waters and surrounded by a dense vegetation, it is a work of stones wich detaches itself in the landscape. 17

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servIce anGra Dos reIs (kInGs BIGHt) Fundação de Turismo de Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight Tourism Foundation) - TurisAngra Centro de Informações Turísticas (Touristic Information Center) – Praia do Anil (Indigo Beach) Av. Ayrton Senna (Ayrton Senna Avenue), 580, Praia do Anil (Indigo Beach) Phones: (24) 3369-7704/3367-7826/ 3369-7709/3367-7855 (fax) At work: daily from 08:00 am until 08:00 pm Site: www.angra.rj.gov.br/turisangra E-Mail: turisangra@angra.rj.gov.br Facebook: Turisangra attractIves caPela De santa luzIa (saInt luzIa cHaPel) Rua do Comercio (Commerce Street), without number, downtown Phone: (24) 33672220 At work: from Monday until Sunday 07: 30 am until 05:30 pm coléGIo naval (navy scHool) Avenida Marques de Leão (Marques de Leão Avenue), without number, downtown Phone: (24) 3421-3000 Site: www.mar.mil.br/cn E-Mail: relacoespublicas@cn.mar.mil.br convento De nossa senHora Do carmo (saInt mary of carmo covent) Praça General Osório (General Osório Square), downtown Phone: (24) 3367-3412 At work: Mondays from 12:00 pm until 06:00 pm and from Tuesday until Friday, from 08:30 am until 06:00 pm convento são BernarDIno De sena (saInt BernarDIno De sena covent) Morro do Santo Antonio (Saint Anthony Hill) Phone: (24) 3369-7589 At work: Tuesday to Sunday from 10:00 am until 05:00 pm Luís Fernando Lara/TurisAngra IGreJa De nossa senHora Do rosárIo (saInt mary of tHe cHaPlet’s cHurcH) Rua do Comércio (Commerce Steet), Vila Histórica de Mambucaba (Mambucaba Historical Village) Phone: (24) 3362-3044 At work: Saturdays from 06:00 pm until 07:00 pm IGreJa (ermIDa) De nosso senHor Do BonfIm (Jesus of BonfIm cHurcH (HermItaGe) Ilha do Bonfim (Bonfim Island), Bairro do Bonfim (Bonfim District) Phone: (24) 3365-2047 larGo Do mercaDo/mercaDo munIcIPal/ casa laranJeIras (marketPlace/ munIcIPal market/ House laranJeIras) Praça Zumbi dos Palmares (Zumbi dos Palmares Square), downtown matrIz De nossa senHora Da conceIção (saInt mary of tHe concePtIon maIn cHurcH) Praça General Osório (General Osorio Square), downtown Phone: (24) 3365-0778 At work: Mondays from 12:00 pm until 06:00 pm and from Tuesday until Friday, from 08:30 am until 06:00 pm museu De arte sacra (Holy art museum)/IGreJa De nossa senHora Da laPa e Boa morte (saInt mary of tHe laPa anD GooD DeatH cHurcH) Rua Dr. Bastos (Dr. Bastos Street), without number, Largo da Lapa, downtown Phone: (24) 3369-7693/3369-7589/3365-4239 At work: from Tuesday until Sunday, from 10:00 am until 12:00 pm and from 01:30 pm until 07:00 pm ProcIssão marítIma De anGra Dos reIs (kInGs BIGHt marItIme ProcessIon) Site: www.procissaomaritima.com.br quIlomBo santa rIta Do Bracuí (saInt rIta of Bracuí quIlomBo) Estrada Santa Rita (Saint Rita Road), 1 – Sertão do Bracuí Phone: (24) 99902-1264 (contact: Luciana)/ (24) 99259-7888 (contact: Angelica)/ (24) 99839-2884 (contact: Emerson) sHoPPInG PIratas (PIrates sHoPPInG center) Estrada Municipal (Municipal Road), 200, Praia do Jardim (Garden Beach) Phone: (24) 3365-2640/3365-3546 Site: www.shoppingpiratas.com.br E-Mail: sac@shoppingpiratas.com.br Saint Bernardino de Senna Covent 18 Paraty Secretaria de Turismo de Paraty (Paraty Tourism Office) Alameda Princesa Isabel (Princess Isabel Promenade), without number, Bairro Pontal (Pontal District) Phone: (24) 3371-2899/3371-3064 Site: http://pmparaty.rj.gov.br Facebook: prefeituradeparaty attractIves assocIação Dos moraDores De camPInHo (camPInHo DWellers assocIatIon) - amoc Quilombo Campinho da Independência (Campinho da Independencia Quilombo) Rodovia Rio-Santos (Rio-Santos Road) – BR-101, 589th kilometer, Paraty Phone: (24) 3371-4866/3371-4823 E-Mail: info@quilombodocampinho.org cIranDa De tarItuBa (tarItuBa rInGarounD-tHe rosy) Avenida Bulhões (Bulhões Avenue), without number, Tarituba, in the Angra dos Reis (Kings Bight) Road Phone: (24) 3371-6968/3371-6628 Facebook: Ciranda-de-Tarituba comunIDaDe quIlomBola camPInHo Da InDePenDêncIa (camPInHo Da InDePenDêncIa quIlomBola communIty) Rodovia Rio-Santos (Rio-Santos Road) – BR-101, 584th kilometer, Paraty Phone: (24) 3371-4866 Site: http://quilombocampinhodaindependencia.blogspot. com.br forte Defensor PerPétuo (PerPetual DefenDer fort) Morro da Vila Velha (Old Village Hill), without number, Pontal Phone: (24) 3373-1038 Site: http://museusdeparaty.wordpress.com Facebook: Museu-Forte-Defensor-Perpetuo At work: Tueday until Sunday, from 09:00 am until 12:00 pm and from 01:00 pm until 05:00 pm IGreJa De nossa senHora Do rosárIo e são BeneDIto (saInt mary of tHe cHaPlet anD saInt BeneDIto cHurcH) Rua Tenente Francisco Antônio (Lieutenant Francisco Antonio Street), Centro Histórico (Historical Center) At work: Daily from 01:00 pm until 05:00 pm IGreJa De santa rIta (saInt rIta cHurcH)/ museu De arte sacra (Holy art museum) Largo de Santa Rita (Saint Rita Largo), without number, Historical Center Phone: (24) 3371-87551 (Church)/ 3371-2133 (Museum) At work: Wednesday until Sunday, from 09:00 am until 12:00 pm and from 02:00 pm until 05:00 pm IGreJa matrIz De nossa senHora Dos reméDIos (saInt mary of tHe remeDIes maIn cHurcH) Main Church Square/Monsenhor Helio Pires Square, Historical Center At work: Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday: in the morning; Sunday from 08:00 am until 12:00 pm and from 02:00 pm until 05:00 pm quartel PatItIBa (PatItIBa HeaDquarters)/InstItuto HIstórIco e artístIco De Paraty (Paraty HIstorIcal anD artIstIcal InstItute) Antiga Cadeia (Former Jail) – Largo de Santa Rita (Saint Rita Largo), Historical Center Phone: (24) 3371-1056 Site: www.ihap.org.br E-Mail: ihap@ihap.org.br Parque nacIonal Da serra Da BocaIna (BocaIna mountaIn ranGe natIonal Park) SubsedeSul(South Office) Estrada RJ-149 Rio Claro-Mangaratiba (Rio ClaroMangaratiba Road), 20th Kilometer, Rio Claro – RJ Phone: (21) 2233-3690 Site: http://saojoaomarcos.com.br E-Mail: contato@saojoaomarcos.com.br Facebook: ParqueSaoJoaoMarcos Blog: blogsaojoaomarcos.wordpress.com Visit: Wednesday until Friday, from 10:00 am until 04:00 pm; Saturdays and Sundays: from 09:00 am until 05:00 pm Ticket: free Note: Only school groups must schedule visits by phone or by filling out website form Parque arqueolóGIco e amBIental De são João marcos (saInt JoHn marcus arcHeoloGIcal anD envIronmental Park) Estrada RJ-149 (Rio Claro-Mangaratiba) (RJ-149 Rio Claro-Mangaratiba Road), Km 20, Rio Claro, RJ Phone: (21) 2233-3690 Site: http://saojoaomarcos.com.br E-Mail: contato@saojoaomarcos.com.br Facabook: ParqueSaoJoaoMarcos Blog: blogsaojoaomarcos.wordpress.com At work: Wednesday until Friday, from 10:00 am until 04:00 pm, Saturday and Sunday from 09:00am until 05:00 pm Tickets: free entrance Note: Only school groups visits scheduling should be done by information phone number or by website form filling out. 19

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ItInerary 2 Ecotour, european traditions and superior gastronomy Mapa de Cultura/Isabela Kassow/Diadorim Ideias/Secretaria de Estado de Cultura Acervo Mauatur Acervo/Parna Itatiaia

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The strong presence of Euro- pean immigration into the State of Rio de Janeiro happened in higher areas, with pleasant climate in the summer time and where lower temperature is found in winter time. German, Finnish, Italian, Swede people, among others, sticked eternal routes in these lands and contribute in a decisive way to the economic and touristic development of the cities. With a strong automotive and soft drink industry, nuclear energy production and military premises, besides the tourism, Agulhas Negras (Black Needles’) region in the middle of southern Rio de Janeiro State offers a hilly landscape full of rivers and waterfalls, valleys, observation places, peaks as well as a large variety of fauna and flora specimens. The ecological tourism (ecotour) is the main market segment which encloses the oldest Conservation Unit in the country , the Parque Nacional das Agulhas Negras (Black Needles National Park), at the height of 2.787 meters, being one of the higher places in Brazil. The european tradition is also present, in a remarkable way, in the culture, behavior and people’s tradition, their hospitality and, specially, in the superior gastronomy. Sports related to Nature are the most practiced like trekking, mountaineering, rafting, rappel, tree climbing, fishing, horse riding and mountain bike riding. An excellent hotel offer and a great infrastructure, the nearness to the two biggest cities in Brazil besides the easy access make this place one of the major tourism points in the state. Bride’s Veil Waterfall , in Itatiaia National Park How to get tHere coming from rio de Janeiro city Itatiaia 167 km - BR-116 Via Dutra (President Dutra Road) Itatiaia National Park 180 km - BR-116 Via Dutra (President Dutra Road) until Itatiaia city, at kilometer 318. Entering the city take Wanderbilt Duarte de Barros Street until Km 5, in the park’s entrance porch or PARNA’s Post 1 (Lower Part). Penedo 165 km - BR-116 Via Dutra (President Dutra Road). Enter to the right in Km 311 roundabout. Go ahead for 3 kilometers on the RJ-163 until the city entrance porch to your left. Mauá Viscount 200 km - BR-116 Via Dutra (President Dutra Road). Enter to the right in Km 311 roundabout. Go ahead for 16 kilometers on the Little Chapel Park-Mau‡ Road (RJ-163) which accesses Mau‡ Viscount, Maring‡ ad Maromba. 22 Acervo Parna Itatiaia Ascom/PMI Black Needles Peak Parque nacIonal Do ItatIaIa (ItatIaIa natIonal Park) Entry gateway to this region, Itatiaia county has an enormous environmental abundance and one of the most pleasant climates in the country. Founded in 1839 and named Campo Belo, which is also de same name of its main river, it was renamed in 1943, with the tupi-guarani (indian) name that means “stone full of jags”, relating to its rocky peaks. The major attraction in the city is the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Itatiaia National Park), the oldest Conservation Unit in Brazil, created in 1937. It is considered as one of the five best places in Brazil for birds and butterflies observation as it houses various endemic specimens, attracting ornithology experts, observers and researchers from everywhere in the world. It has various waterfalls, natural pools formed by the Campo Belo River, interconnected by trails, which topography is excellent for trekking, rappel, escalade, mountaineering and tree climbing. The park is divided in two parts. In the lower part, where the main access gate is located, there are waterfalls like Camapuã, Itaporani, Poranga and the 40 meters high Véu de Noiva (Bride’s Veil), besides the Lago Azul (Blue Lake) having a natural pool, picnic area and grills. The Complexo do Maromba (Maromba Complex) at the height of 1.100 meters, comprehends the Piscina do Maromba (Maromba Pool) and the Waterfalls Itaporani and Véu de Noiva (Bride’s Veil). In the Mirante do Último Adeus (Last Goodbye Observation Point), at the height of 810 meters, the visitor will have a partial view of the park, the Represa do Funil (Funnel Dam), Serra da Bocaina (Bocaina Mountain Range), Serra do Mar (Sea Montain Range) and the Centro de Visitantes (Visitors Center), where there are permanent exibitions, miniature and auditorium as well as an interactive panel showing the birds that live in the park and the Fauna Pavement, where one can find local animals’ tracks on it. Still in the lower part, threre is a 6 Km promenade inside the Mata Atlantica (Atlantic Forestland) which can be made up to Três Picos (Three Peaks), at the height of 1.662 meters, where part of the Vale do Paraíba (Paraíba Valley) can be observed. In the higher part there is the higher Rio de Ja- 23

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View of the Last Goodbye Observation Point in Itatiaia National Park neiro State point and the fifth one in Brazil, according to IBGE - Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Geography and Statistics Brazilian Institute): the Pico das Agulhas Negras (Black Needles Peak), 2.791 meters high. To access it the visitor should take the Rodovia Presidente Dutra (President Dutra Road), BR-116, until Engenheiro Passos (Engineer Passos), 12 Km after Itatiaia. Enter to the right in the roundabout and take the Estrada Rio-Circuito das Águas de Minas (Rio-Minas Waters Circuit Road), BR-354, for 23 Km until arrive at Garganta do Registro, 1.669 meters high. As from this point there will be more 14 Km ascension until the Posto Marcão (Big Marcos Gas Station), former Posto 3 (Gas Stion 3), and more 3 Km until the Rebouças Shelter, at the height of 2.350 meters, considered as the highest located public shelter in the country. Please note that this shelter is under maintainance (march 2015). As from this point a walk of about one hour begins towards reaching the Peak base and, after this, it takes more two hours to climb until Peak’s summit with the help of a specialized guide due to the need of ropes for some ascent sections. Those who want to face this unique experience must be previously prepared, using malleable and comfortable clothes, appropriated tennis shoes for trekking, socks, as well as shelter, cap, suntan lotion and a cloak. It is also recommendable to take extra dry clothes change, a snack made of a light sandwich, fruits, juice, energy drink, chocolate and water. Other attractions of the Higher Part are the Maciço do Itatiaia (Itatiaia Massif) rocks like the Prateleiras (Shelves), at the height of 2.548 meters, the Pedras da Tartaruga e da Maçã (Turtle and Apple Stones) the Pedra Furada (Stone with a Hole) and the Pedra Asssentada (Seated Stone). All this components convert themselves into a paradise to mountaineers, mountain climbers, birds observers, escalade followers and Nature lovers. Some waterfalls are also worthy to be highlighted like the Cachoeira das Flores (Flowers Waterfall) and the Cachoeira do Aiuruoca (Aiuruoca Waterfall), at the height of 2.400 meters and a 20 meters water fall. From there it is possible to observe the Ovos de Galinha (Hen’s Eggs), syenite rocks (eruptive rocks not common in Brazil) which are aligned, balancing themselves atop a bigger stone. A visit to the 24 Acervo Parna Itatiaia Brejo da Lapa (Lapa Swamp) is also worthy as the place, which has already been a scenery for tv series, has araucaria trees woodlands, observation point, water fall surrounded by montains and it is also an ideal place for birds observation. ItatIaIa After so much adventure in the Parna, the tourist can regain energies visiting Itatiaia downtown, which main attractions are Praça Mariana Rocha Leão (Mariana Rocha Leão Square), the Igreja Matriz de São José (Saint Joseph Main Church), from 1839, o Paço Municipal Campo Belo (Campo Belo Municipal Public Building) and the Municipal Library. Then it is time to catch breath and be prepared to explore the beauties and attractives of other two places in this region: Penedo, with its finnish heritage and traditions and Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount), with Maringá and Maromba, its various waterfalls, German culture and hippie atmosphere. PeneDo The origin of the first finnish colony in Brazil is from 1929 when immigrants from Finland bought the Penedo Farm. This Itatiaia district is one of the most charming touristic destination in Rio de Janeiro and maintain, even during midsummer, pleasant temperature. Having their fountainhead in the Agulhas Negras (Black Needles) most of the local water falls is formed by Rio das Pedras (Stones River) waters, having natural pools in some sections and rapids in other ones. Três Cachoeiras (Three Waterfalls) is the most popular waterfall, located at the right side of the road under same name. Tourists also look for Little Finnland offers many attractives to tourists in Penedo Cachoeira de Deus (God’s Waterfall), which has a natural pool and is located at the Alto Penedo (High Penedo), being accessible by a 300 meters trail, and also Três Bacias (Three Watersheds) Waterfall and Poço das Esmeraldas (Emeralds Well) Waterfall, which green color is caused by sun exposition. The Pico do Penedinho (Little Penedo Peak), at the height of 600 meters, offers a view of the city, of the Serra da Mantiqueira (Mantiqueira Mountain Range), of the Serra do Mar (Sea Mountain Range) and of Resende and Itatiaia cities. The access is made by crossing a private farm, being necessary to get an authorization at the Fábrica de Chocolates (Chocolate Factory). casa Do PaPaI noel (santa claus House) The culture, the typical dances folklore and the gastronomy are the other highlights in Penedo, as the Museu da Cultura Finlandesa Dona Eva Santa Claus House in Penedo 25 Shopping Pequena Finlândia

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Traditional dance at the Penedo Finnland Club Ball Hilden (Mrs. Eva Hilden Finnish Culture Museum) wich pile is composed by objects brought from Finland, tapestry, embroidery, maps, posters, plates, books and pamphlets; the Casa de Pedra (Stone House), one of the oldest in this place, which took 14 years to be built; the Clube Finlandia (Finland Club) where The Finnish Ball always happens on the first Saturday of each month with typical dance and music; The Pequena Finlandia (Little Finland), a kind of typical mini city with stores, restaurants and amphitheater where the emblematic Casa do Papai Noel (Santa Claus House), an icon of Penedo’s Christmas, is. There are many typical products on sale, besides clothes and handicraft. Sweets, jams, cheeses, flavors, spices, and the unrivalled Hungarian cake. Chocolate is also a highlight, be it in the Fabrica do Chocolate (Chocolate Factory) or in the Casa do Chocolate (Chocolate’s House). German, Italian and, of course, Finnish gastronomy predominate. It is good to vary tastes and taste a little bit of everything. As to help digestion, there is also the famous finnish ice cream. Ateliers are a great option for shopping and rustic pieces of furniture are exposed along the main street where it is also located the Shopping Vale dos Duendes (Goblins’ Valley Shopping). ATV and horse riding are most seeked by visitors. aPa serrInHa Do alamBarI e caPelInHa (envIronmental ProtectIon area alamBarI small mountaIn ranGe anD lIttle cHaPel) As the ecological tourism is the strong point of the region, leaving Penedo, it is worthy visit APA (Área de Proteção Ambiental) da Serrinha do Alambari (Environmental Protection Area Alambari Small Mountain Range) , located in an area within Resende municipality, in the eastern hillside of the Parna Itatiaia, in the Serra da Mantiqueira (Mantiqueira Mountain Range), and on the western side of the road to Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount), RJ-163, where pau-brasil (wood brasil) reserves are protected. The beautiful valley comprehends Serrinha (Smal Mountain Range) and Capelinha (Little Chapel) communities and extends itself for 4.500 hectares where there are campings, trout breeding and trails. In Capelinha (Little Chapel), a typical dairy cattle breeding area, there is a cachaça (sugar cane brandy) production unit, actually an alembic, almost 200 years aged. Na Estação Capelinha (Little Chapel Station), a stop on the road before the mountain range ascension, this famous artisan cachaça is found, togheter with cheeses, sausages and eggs, in a place which looks like a farm. 26 Mapa de Cultura/Isabela Kassow/Diadorim Ideias/Secretaria de Estado de Cultura Agenor Siqueira/PMR vIsconDe De mauá (mauá vIscount) Once finnish people built up Penedo, german people did it in Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount), as from 1910. This district of Resende achieved projection in the 60’s and 70’s with the hippie movement rediscovering this place. Among goblins’ legends and a “bicho grilo” (cricket) lifestyle, common in that movement, the nice hamlet became famous and turned to be the principal touristic destination of that region, attracting tourists from all over the world because of its various monumental waterfalls and an exuberating Nature. As time passed it was endowed with hotel structure, various restaurants and commerce. It recently had the benefit of Estrada Parque Capelinha-Visconde de Mauá (Little Chapel Park- Mauá Viscount Road) complete asphalt pavement, making the access by vehicles easier. The hilly region provides beautiful sights even in the Estrada Parque (Park Road) ascension, where there are observation points wich allow a broad sight of the valley below, where Penedo ad Itaiaia appear. At night the visual is even more fabulous as the vehicles lights, passing by Via Dutra (Dutra Road) create the sensation of looking at a “lingua de fogo” (fire track) wich extends itself for many kilometers. In the same road, soon after passing the gorge, entering the mountain range, one can see the imponent Pedra Selada (Sealed Stone), which observation point allows an almost infinite sight of the mountains, at the height of 1.755 meters. The Mirante Ninho das Águias (Eagles’ Nest Observation Point), Resende city can be observed. This is an ideal Ralph Salgueiro/PMI Slide Waterfall, in High Maromba, in Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount) place for hang gliding followers. From the Mirante do Posto da Montanha (Mountain Post Observation Point) a wide sight of the Vale do Rio Preto (Black River Valley) can be seen. This place is a meeting point for mountain bikers. And the Mirante da Pedra da Gávea (Gávea Stone Observation Point), at the Vale do Alcantilado (Alcantilado Valley) provides a wide vision of this beautiful valley with waterfalls and rapids. cacHoeIras (Waterfalls) There are many attractives in the region of Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount) in its three villages: the Vila de Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount Village), the Vila de Maringá (Maringá Village) 5 kilometers above (divided in Maringá do Rio and Maringá de Minas), and the Vila de Maromba (Maromba Village) 5 kilometers more above.In Mauá, the small village has well kept houses and the river has rapids, ideal Horse riding in many valleys of the Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount) region 27

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Much clear waters in Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount) waterfalls for rafting and boia-cross (cross buoy). In Maringá, the most charming point of the region, a simple “pinguela” (board) separates the Rio de Janeiro side from the Minas Gerais side of the same place. In Maromba the hippie athmosphere still resists eventhough everything is at disposal of the tourist who wants to stay at a hotel there. O Rio Preto (Black River) which origin is the Pico das Agulhas Negras (Black Needles Peak) defines de border of the states. There is a large number of waterfalls, natural pools and wells, being the biggest highlight the Cachoeira do Escorrega (Slide Waterfall), 3 kilometers above Maromba, with a 30 meters drop natural flume which strength make bathers slip on the smooth stone and plunge into a big pool. This place surroundings have restaurants, parking and a small commerce, as well as artisans and musicians. Nearby this place there is the Poção de Maromba (Maromba Big Well), 1 kilometer distant from the Vila de Maromba (Maromba Village) which lake is formed by a 6 meters high water fall at a 4,5 meters depth. In this real natural amusement park the waterfalls are the principal attractions. Other waterfalls also call one’s attention like the Véu de Noiva (Bride’s Veil), next to Maromba, with a gentle 30 meters high misty water fall which looks like a veil; the Marimbondo (Insect), in the Vale do Pavão (Peacock Valley), which waters are green and the Santa Clara (Saint Clair), between Maringá and Maromba with access by the Ponte de Santa Clara (Saint Clair’s Bridge), which fall runs on a rocky thick wall. In the same area there are the Parque Ecológico das Cachoeiras do Santuário (Sanctuary Waterfalls Ecological Park), with ten water falls and the grot Toca da Raposa (Fox Lair). In the Vale do Alcantilado (Alcantilado Valley) there are nine waterfalls. The access is just after the gas station before Maringá, crossing the Ponte da Gávea (Gávea Bridge). In this place there is also a thematic park, the Parque das Corredeiras (Rapids Park) with radical sports like boia-cross (cross-buoy), tirolesa (cable sliding), tree climbing, escalade, rappel among other adult and children activities. Nature sports reign in Mauá like rappel, tree climbing, trekking, mountain bike, ATV, rafting and boia-cross (cross-buoy) besides horse riding and fishing. Charming inns, luxury hotels and restaurants for different tastes are spread out in all directions as well as handicraft, souvenirs, clothes, homemade 28 Antonio Leão/PMR Antonio Leão/PMR Antonio Leão/PMR sweets and chocolate small stores. Gastronomy is a highlight, specially during gastronomic contests, and in dishes made with trouts and pinhão (pine seed) or in the fondues festival. Also a highlight for the cheeses “type Minas” (white cheese) which is produced in the region. Other attractives are the Igreja de São Miguel (Saint Michael’s Church), in the Praça do Maromba (Maromba Square), the Museu Duas Rodas (Two Wheels Museum) in Maringá (of Minas), in the Vale do Alcantilado (Alcantilado Valley) which gathers a collection of more than 100 motorcycles, the Trutário Truta Rosa (Pink Trout Trout Breeding Place), in the Vale da Santa Clara (Saint Clair’s Valley) with own pisciculture where the visitor may catch the fish and order its cooking. In the cultural side, it is worthy a visit to the Centro Cultural Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount Cultural Center) which houses local cultural items, with proper places for reading and movies exhibition as well as music and handicraft workshops. cacHoeIra Da fumaça (smoke Waterfall) After this immersion in Nature who is still ready for more tourism should take the opportunity to get to know Vale da Fumaça (Smoke Valley), located at Serra da Mantiqueira (Mantiqueira Mountain Range), in the touristic region of Resende, which comprehends the Parque Municipal da Cachoeira da Fumaça (Smoke Waterfall Municipal Park), with big extension of preserved wood, as well as headwaters and streams. The highlight is a waterfall which name the place, in Rio Preto (Black River), with a 200 meters water fall, followed by 2 Kilometers rapids. In times of river rise , the water fall strength is so intense that produces a dense and white mist as if it was a smoke. In the 32 Kilometers road which links Resende downtown to Vila da Fumaça (Smoke Village) the tourist will pass through hamlets which seem to have stopped in time like Pedra Selada (Sealed Stone) and Jacuba. Smoke Waterfall, near Smoke Village, district of Resende 29

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servIce César Pires/PMI Shelves Massif Parque nacIonal Do ItatIaIa (ItatIaIa natIonal Park) Estrada Parque Nacional (National Park Road) 8,5 Kilometer, Zip Code 27580-000, P.O. Box 83657, Itatiaia, RJ Site:www.icmbio.gov.br/parnaitatiaia Phone:(24)3352-1292/3352-2288/3352-6894 Full Ticket: R$ 27,00/ Discount for resident Brazilians: R$ 14,00 At work: Lower Part, from 08:00 am until 05:00 pm, except in Cachoeiras do Maromba (Maromba Waterfall) which is until 04:00 pm. In case of rain, visit to the waterfalls may be closed for visitor security reasons, In the Higher Part, from 07:00 am until 02:00 pm or, in the maximum, until 05:00 pm . ItatIaIa/PeneDo Secretaria Municipal de Turismo de Itatiaia (Itatiaia Municipal Tourism Office) Praça Mariana Rocha Leão (Mariana Rocha Leão Square), 20, Downtown Phone: (24) 3352-1855 At work: 08:00 am until 05:00 pm Penedo Chocolate Factory André Teles/PMI Site: http://itatiaia.rj.gov.br/secretaria/117/turismo Site de serviços: http://itatiaia.rj.gov.br/consultaserviços-para-o-cidadao&Cat=28 E-Mail: turismo@itatiaia.rj.gov.br Administração Regional de Penedo (Penedo Regional Administration) Rua Canto Verde (Green Corner Street), without number, Penedo Phone: (21) 3351-3298 At work: 07:00 am until 5:00 pm Adminstração Regional de Maromba e Maringá (Maromba and Maringá Regional Administration) Estrada Mauá-Maringá (Mauá-Maringá Road), Travessa do Visconde (Viscount Alleyway) without number Phone: (24) 3387-1334 At wok: 08:00 am until 05:00 pm attractIves/ItatIaIa IGreJa matrIz De são José (saInt JosePH maIn cHurcH) Praça Mariana Rocha Leão (Mariana Rocha Leão Square) Phone: (24) 3352-1215 attractIves/PeneDo museu Da cultura fInlanDesa Dona eva HIlDen/cluBe fInlanDIa (mrs. eva HIlDen fInnIsH culture museum/ fInnlanD cluB) Avenida das Mangueiras (Mango Tree Avenue), 2.601 Phone: (24) 3351-1374 Site: http://clubefinlandiablog.blogspot.com.br E-Mail: clubefinblog@gmail.com Facebook: clubefinlandia Pequena fInlanDIa (Parque temátIco e sHoPPInG)/casa Do PaPaI noel (lIttle fInnlanD (tHematIc Park anD sHoPPInG)/santa claus House) Rua das Velas (Sheets Street), 100 Phone: (24) 3351-2002 Facebook: Pequena-Finlandia-Penedo-RJ At work: Monday, Tuesday and Thursday from 10:00 am to 05:00 pm, Friday and Saturday from 10:00 am to 09:00 pm, Sunday from 10:00 am to 05:00 pm casa De PeDra (stone House) Avenida Casa de Pedra (Stone House Avenue), 664 30 sorvete fInlanDês (fInnIsH Icecream) Avenida Finlandia (Finnland Avenue), 259 Phone: (24) 3351-1177 Site: www.sorvetefinlandes.com.br casa Do cHocolate – DocerIa (cHocolate House) – sWeets Avenida Casa de Pedra (Stone House Avenue), 10 Phone: (24) 3351-1127 faBrIca De cHocolates (cHocolate factory) Praça Finlândia (Finnland Square), without number sHoPPInG vale Dos DuenDes (GoBlIns valley sHoPPInG) Avenida das Mangueiras (Mango Trees Avenue), 1.876 Site: www.shoppingvaledosduendes.com.br vIsconDe De mauá/resenDe (mauá vIsount anD resenDe) Prefeitura Municipal de Resende (Resende Municipal City Hall) Rua Augusto Xavier de Lima (Augusto Xavier de Lima Street), 251, Jardim Jalisco (Jalisco Garden), Resende/RJ, Zip Code: 27510-090 Phone: (24) 3354-6000/Ouvidoria (Internal Affairs): 0800889-0808 (toll free number) At work: from 08:00 am to 05:00 pm Site: www.resende.rj.gov.br Associação Turística e Comercial da Região de Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount Region Touristic and Commercial Association) - MAUATUR Posto de Informações Turísticas (Touristic Information Post) Entrada da Vila de Visconde de Mauá (Mauá Viscount Village Entrance) Phone: 924) 3387-1283 Site: http://visiteviscondedemaua.com.br At work: Monday until Wednesday, from 10:00 am until 06:00 pm, Thursday from 10:00 am until 07:00 pm, Friday from 10:00 am to 10:00 pm, Saturday from 09:00 am until 07:00 pm and Sunday from 10:00 am until 05:00 pm attractIves/mauá vIscount truta rosa (PInk trout) Estrada da Santa Clara (Saint Clair’s Road), without number , Vale da Santa Clara (Saint Clair’s Valley) junto à Cachoeira de Santa Clara (along Saint Clair’s Waterfall) Phone: (24)3387-1149 E-Mail: rasn@terra.com.br museu Duas roDas (tWo WHeels museum) Museu Duas Rodas (Two Wheels Museum), without number, Vale do Alcantilado (Alcantilado Valley), Parque das Corredeiras (Rapids Park) Agenor Siqueira/PMR Phone: (21) 2457-4931/(24) 99268-0979 (Mobile) Site: www.museuduasrodas.com.br E-Mail: museuduasrodas@yahoo.com.br At work: Daily from 09:00 am until 05:00 pm Parque Das correDeIras Do vale Do alcantIlaDo (alcantIlaDo valley raPIDs Park) Vale do Alcantilado (Alcantilado Valley), without number, Parque das Corredeiras (Rapids Park) Phone: (24) 99997-7757 (Mobile) Site: www.parquecorredeiras.com At work: Weekends, holidays and school vacation from 10:00 am to 05:00 pm centro cultural vIsconDe De mauá (mauá vIscount cultural center) Avenida Presidente Venceslau Brás (President Venceslau Brás Avenue), 699/rooms 1 and 2 Phone: (24) 3387-2137/ (24) 99948-5181 (Mobile) – Contact: Márcia Patrocinio At work: Weekends and holidays, from 10:00 am until 06:00 pm. Monday until Friday, scheduled visit for school groups E-Mail: maua.centrocultural@gmail.com outros (otHers) aPa serrInHa Do alamBarI (envIronmental ProtectIon area alamBarI mountaIn ranGe) Facebook: apaserrinhadoalambari caPelInHa/estação caPelInHa (lIttle cHaPel/lIttle cHaPel statIon) Estrada Parque Capelinha-Visconde de Mauá (Little Chapel-Mauá Viscount Road), RJ-163, Kilometer 14 Phone: (24) 9998-8880 (Mobile) Site: http://estacaocapelinha.blogspot.com.br E-Mail: estacaocapelinha@yahoo.com.br Blog: estacaocapelinha.blogspot.com Facebook: estacaocapelinha vIla e cacHoeIra Da fumaça (smoke vIllaGe anD Waterfall) Facebook: viladafumaca Adventure and excitement going downhill with mountainboard 31

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