Masonic Magazine Issue 5

 

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Masonic Magazine Issue 5

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ISSN 2398-4597 The Lotus Risen again and now in Greece

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The Lotus Lodge Annie Besant Overseas No. 4 The flowering head of the Lotus plant has been a symbol of spirituality in India for thousands of years. The life cycle of the Lotus plant begins when a Lotus seed finds its way into the sediments a the bottom of some warm little pond somewhere. Though barely able to see the light through the murky water, the new shoot strives upwards until eventually it bursts into the light, bringing the beauty of its delicate petals to the pool’s surface. During their development, the plants filter and purify the body of water in which they find themselves, making the water transparent. According to a traditional saying, the more muddy and opaque the water is to start with, the more beautiful the Lotus flower is when it arrives. Traditionally, Lotus flowers have been associated with the chakras. Flowers with large numbers of petals being associated with higher centres. One of the most important yoga poses for meditation is named padmasana, or “Lotus posture”. Lotus flowers have a long history of use as meditative objects, no doubt due – in part – to their similarities to mandalas. The life cycle of these flowers may be seen as symbolising the evolution of the individual – who is born in darkness and strives to reach the light. The lotus flower and its meaningful Logo of Annie Besant Lodge No. 4 has been revived to live again in Athens, Greece and London England. The Logo and theme remains under the original Lodge Annie Besant and is dedicated again in all its former 2001 dedication. The spiritual powers generated by the Lotus Flower spreads to the edifice of the Temple of the Soul

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Editorial Dear Brothers and Friends, Reflecting on the year of celebration of 100 years of the Suffragettes’ entrance into Parliament reminds us that those courageous women went on to become the leaders of societies, where previously men only had been accepted. Our thoughts go to one such small lady, Annie Besant who led six of the suffragettes to Paris to join the ‘Mixte’ Masonic Order which had been originally formed from the French Masculine Masonic Order and then brought ‘Mixte’ Masonry from France to England. The history of this and of the many attempts to gain recognition are well known. Several of our predecessors continued the desire of the suffragettes for equality in Freemasonry and especially for that equality which brought men and women together, sharing Freemasonry, its ceremonies and its studies... It is still a source of speculation as to why it should be necessary for women to become Freemasons. Men have written about the various inquisitive females who had hidden, up a chimney, in a cupboard and so on, but these women when found or if found were simply initiated so that they were sworn to ‘keep the secrets’. Freemasonry for Men and Women arrived in Britain at the beginning of the last Century in 1901, but with the rituals of the parent French Order. Annie founded a Triangle Lodge in Benares, India in 1902/1903 and followed rituals from the Indian Masonic Grand Lodge. Many changes of Grand Lodges or Obediences have been founded in England arising from the original British Federation, International Co-Freemasonry. The same old problem remains today of the difficulty to accept that there remains (and maybe should remain), single sex Masonic Orders, recognising equality of labour and in the case of mixed Lodges of men and women sharing the same Principles and qualities which mark them equally Freemasons. The future of our dedication to Freemasonry, its historical aims - its qualities of human endeavour is the same in all Orders of Freemasonry. If we accept that equality, then the Suffragettes movement will have added a further cause in its memory. For these good reasons, Annie Besant, the tireless worker of many differing avenues of life, is much revered in Freemasonry by Men and Women throughout the world. Her quality of speech always used for the better good of others was especially acknowledged as a mason and builder in the early days of the suffragettes. The Tinder box girls, another of her projects carried the mark of Annie assisting the fight for their better conditions. A world helper for reedom and for the goodness of those qualities of Brotherly love, Relief and Truth has been passed to us, the Freemasons of today. Her eloquence of and delivery of words used to spread her experience and knowledge both in the Theosophical Society and in her chosen ‘Mixte’ Masonry maintain those principles of freemasonry which she admired and her determination to provide Freemasonry for Men and Women equally across the then ‘British Empire’ and in the world today. In this particular year of acknowledgment there still remains the fight for recognition for the rightful place in the world and the ability to determine the future in equal measure. The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women acknowledge the importance of the celebration and welcome the opportunity to mark the continuing bravery of women across the world. In essence this issue is dedicated to their aims and elaborately clear quality of our past ‘teachers’ which still relate to our world and where equality in all matters emanates its form. We, in the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women join in the celebrations and thank the caring, strong women of yesteryear and the present for their courage, as we thank Annie Besant for her part in the fight which gave us the privilege to work together equally in freemasonry where rank and fortune do not count as much as recognition of relationship. Jeanne Heaslewood, PGM., Grand Secretary

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PROFILE V.W. Bro. Elizabeth Adebutu-Kesington. Chair of the Board of Charity and Benevolence. Elizabeth Adebutu-Kesington comes from a long line of freemasons. Her father H.O Davies and maternal Uncle, Chief Olu Holloway, were both freemasons belonging to UGLE. Olu Holloway had an illustrious Masonic career, and later became the Grand Master for the United Grand Lodge in Nigeria. Elizabeth’s career in Freemasonry, began in the 1980’s, at Ladbroke Terrace with Le Droit Humain. For many years she faithfully executed her Masonic duties, with LDH, and after decades of work within LDH, she resigned and moved on from Co-Freemasonry in 2011. She joined the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women, to continue the next stage on her Masonic journey. Over the years, Elizabeth has ruled numerous craft lodges, and Mark and Holy Royal Chapters degrees. Elizabeth continues her Masonic journey in the Grand Conclave joining the Eighteen degree of the Rose Croix the Traditional and Chivalric degrees of the 19th degree to the 28th degree of the Knight of the Sun, followed by the degree of the Knight of St. Andrew leading to the Grand Elect Knight Kadosh 30th degree. In October, 2017 in Sofia, Bulgaria, Elizabeth was admitted to the Chivalric and Administrative Degrees, and obligated into the full ceremony of the 31st degree of Grand Inspector Inquisitor Commander. By profession, Elizabeth is a Social worker, and has worked in different local authorities over the past 25 years, rising to senior management level within the children and families departments. Elizabeth has always cared for children, and their wellbeing and as such has served as an advisor to a United Nations commission of child safety. Elizabeth academic background, includes two Masters Degree an MSc in social policy, post graduate diploma in social work from Royal Holloway, University of London, and an MA in child care Law and practice from Keele University. A firm believer in the benefits of education, Elizabeth plans to pursue a PhD at some point in the near future. An active member of the local community in which she lives, Elizabeth was also an elected member for ten years, serving her community in the London Borough of Waltham Forest as a Councillor. She has also added another endeavour, as the founder and chief executive of the African Women of Achievement Awards. At the core of everything Elizabeth has done, and continues to do, is a firm adherence to the principles of freemasonry, which has shaped and regulated her personal life, and informed how she works with others. Elizabeth follows her adherence to humanity works as the Chairman of the Board of Charity and Benevolence, which serves the funding of community endeavours as well the Order is seriously raising funds for future application to the Charity Commission to achieve Charity Status. The quality of mercy is not strained, it droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven upon the place beneath.

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The work of the Board of Charity and Benevolence, 2017 “Students of ‘Kings’ London to Vienna 2017” When approached to provide a donation for a Charity or Good cause, some investigation has to be carried out to ensure that the plea is genuine. As Chairman of the Board of Charity and Benevolence it is necessary to also be provided with the outcome of any grants. You will, I am sure appreciate from the picture that a very good group of students travelled to Vienna enabled to do so by our part towards the heavy expense for such a student enterprise. The study of Consensual Dispute Resolution is a necessary part of our lives today and at any point of business, these problems may come home to roost. The Board of Charity and Benevolence were invited by a Team of young lawyers from around the world to assist this multi-national group of Kings College, University of London and this request fell within the Board rules laid down to define its Charity Status. The more especially due to the relationship of a daughter to a member of our Bulgaria Grand Lodge. The report taken from the Students’ newspaper has been condensed to give our readers the background and the result. King's Negotiators team won 3rd Prize at IBA-VIAC - Consensual Dispute Resolution Competition in Vienna on the 14th of July 2017. The team led by the coach Dima Alexandrova (LL.M Candidate) consisted of the students Mathilde Heusghem (LL.M Candidate), Benedikt Hadorn (LL.M Candidate), Abraham Brown (1st year, LLB)., and Salman Shaheen (1st year, LLB). The King`s students had common sessions and directly competed with the teams from USA (SUNY Buffalo NY), Lebanon (St. Joseph University), India (Goa University) and Australia (New South Wales), Czech Republic (Charles University) and Germany (University of Bonn). All these teams have established ADR practices and overall 55 teams from all over the world had applied as 33 were selected to participate in two categories mediators (11) and negotiators (22).The award of the King`s team was presented by Tat Lim who is also a King`s College alumni and to the present moment a lawyer and mediator based in Singapore. The competition was organised by the International Bar Association in a collaboration with the Vienna International Arbitration Centre at the WU Wien (University of Economics and Business Vienna) between the 10th – 15th of July 2017. The event gathered people from all over the world: organisers and 60 assessors who are eminent practitioners such as Tom Valenti (US), Mihael McIlwrath (US), Nadja Alexander (Hong Kong), Tat Lim (Singapore), Diego Faleck (Brazil), Alexandre Palermo Simoes (Brazil), Kimberley Schreiber (US) etc. The competition constitutes a simulation of a mediation session in which the students play roles of clients and councils representing two parties of a dispute. The case to deal with is the one of Willem Vis International Arbitration Moot Court competition. The ultimate goal of the competition is to educate new generation lawyers in line with the newest trend in the world of commercial disputes in Mediations/Negotiations to further the business interests of the clients in a cost effective way with good negotiation techniques. This is achieved by means of comparing the merely adversarial arbitration proceedings with negotiation. The team had dedicated countless hours of preparation and fundraising time for this event and would like to thank their sponsors Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP and The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women, Great Britain. The coach Dima Alexandrova, would like to stand gratitude to Prof Christopher Bown (Private Equity Finance) for his excellent teaching that proved to be useful for the preparation and for his help in fundraising. The King`s team also gained the credit of CIArb which provided an institutional support. The students would also like to thank for the support and feedback given to them by Aled Davies, Rosemary Jackson QC, and Mihael Jeklic. Education and Tolerance moves life along.

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A happy group picture, following the announcement of their part in the competition has been sent to us with permission to use in our magazine, together with their verbal and written thanks for the assistance helping the costs of the travel which enabled the students to take part in the important work of the future of our young aspiring leaders of tomorrow. Reporter. Elizabeth Adebutu-Kesington, Chairman, Board of Charity and Benevolence, Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women. The group pictured above are centre, ‘Coach’ Dima Alexandrova (LL.M Candidate) students Mathilde Heusghem (LL.M Candidate), Benedikt Hadorn (LL.M Candidate), Abraham Brown (1st year, LLB)., and Salman Shaheen (1st year, LLB). To rule speech is to rule the whole nature Annie Besant A Study in Consciousness Enquires are invited from interested people who wish to learn more of Freemasonry for Men and Women and may consider joining our lodges, if so email the Grand Secretary on GLF4MW@tiscali.co.uk.

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THE PATH OF PURITY The writings of The Very Illustrious Bro. Radha Burnier, 33rd degree Most Illustrious Grand Master, The Eastern Order of Freemasonry for Men and Women. In his well-known work, translated into English as the ‘Crest-Jewel of Wisdom”, the philosopher-sage Sankaracharya makes the remark that ritual action is meant for purification of the mind. In the religious context, the word ‘Karma’ signifies both action in general and ritualistic action. In action India, a certain school, specializing in complicated ceremonies, advocated the view that by performing prescribed rituals, merit will accrue in other worlds. This, of course, encouraged personal desire and gave religious sanction to engagement in ceremonial action for the acquirement of benefit to oneself. Sankaracharya contradicted this absolutely by declaring that all action, ceremonial or otherwise, has as its purpose the purification of the mind, purging it of its selfish motivations and interests. The pure mind, depending on how far it has been purified, becomes a channel for the truth, love and peace of the higher worlds while, on the contrary, the impure mind, polluted by selfish desires, becomes a vehicle for worldly passions and ambitions. Masonry is one of the several paths to the Ultimate Truth, by whatever name it is called. It is a ceremonial way, enriched by a sense of moral and social responsibility, gaining inspiration through dedication of work to the Grand Architect of the Universe. All the ceremonies of our Order are expertly constructed to open the way, teaching participants to purify themselves, stage by stage. However like every authentic road that leads to truth, this one is “razor edged”’ – “straight is the path and narrow the gate” as the Christian tradition says. Peril is a concomitant of climbing to the heights. Light on the Path refers twice to the ‘perilous ladder, which leads to the path of life’. Ceremonial work is always performed on sanctified ground. The Temple is a consecrated Place, and the repeated processions, incense, holy music, tyling – all combine to generate vibrations of a fine nature which envelop the participants’ consciousness and lift it to the highest possible level. Apart from the spiritual ambience of the Temple, the instructions given in every degree are such as to help Masons knock off impurities and excrescencies. In a certain sense, we all remain E. As. throughout our Masonic career, because the self-cleansing process and the safeguarding of one’s consciousness from undesirable influences must be continual and can never end. The work in the Temple if carried out with attention opens up the mind to the profound nature of the truths that are communicated by word and symbol. It also results in the harmonizing of each person’s own being with that of others and, indeed, even with the world outside, Thus, freed from mundane, personal and petty thoughts, at least for the time being, the consciousness of the Brethren rises to a high level where impurity cannot enter. Invisible beings who belong to the Angelic Kingdom, assist in the work of purifying the mind and helping it to be free of its pettiness and selfenclosement. Credits to ‘The Morning Star’, the Journal of the Eastern Order of International Co-Freemasonry Vol 70, No. 2 May-August, 2004 A devoted Brother has an aura of light which reflects upon those around.

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The V. Ills. Bro. Radha Burnier, G.L.E. The photograph printed here of the Very Illustrious Brother Radha Burnier, 33rd Degree, was taken at the Inauguration of the Thirty-third Degree held in London, and is a recognition of the dedication and work freely given by Radha Burnier to the GLF4M&W. Bro. Radha travelled to England in order to especially conduct the Ceremony of the Highest degree awarded in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. The V. Ills. Bro Radha Burnier conferred the Thirty-third Degree on the following nine Founder Knights who had achieved the honour that can be bestowed upon a Scottish Knight. Very Illustrious Brothers Pearl King, Michael Westcott, Jeanne Heaslewood, Val Coles, Nick Ferrari, Tina Carlile, Hilda Tully, Walter Soilleux and Audrey Westcott. Photograph introduced by permission of the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council, The Very Illustrious Brother, Val Coles, 33rd degree. The Supreme Council of Sovereign Grand Inspectors General of the Thirty-third and last degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Masonry, was established in accordance with Masonic jurisprudence by the grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women. The Rite used by the Grand Conclave is either the Ancient and Accepted Rite of the Rose Croix of Heredom as established by the Grand Constitution or the established Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. Full ceremonies of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of the 4th degree to the 33rd degree are performed across Britain and Europe.

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NEWS FROM ABOUT AND AROUND THE ORDER – APRIL TO JUNE, 2018 PHOENIX NO. 11 Moving Day for Lodge Phoenix No.11 from Berkeley to new premises at the Village Hall, Rockhampton, Gloucestershire. The Consecration of the Hall for Masonic purposes will be in the afternoon of the 28th April, 2018. The Grand Master, M.W. Bro. Shirley Ellick, will be the Consecrating Officer accompanied by the Grand Secretary, M.W.Bro. Jeanne Heaslewood,PGM and the Grand Director of Ceremonies, M.W.Bro. Val Coles, PGM. and members of the Grand Lodge. For further information e-mail glf4m-w@tiscali.co.uk. GOLDEN SPIRAL NO. 2 Fourteen Members of Lodge Golden Spiral, No. 2 have booked on Wizz Airlines to travel to Ohrid, Macedonia to keep a well promised date on 2nd June, 2018 to Inaugurate the three Lodges to the status of Grand Lodge. A promise made five years ago. It will be a great pleasure to have The Ills. Grand Master, M.W.Bro. Tom Davis 33rd degree, of the Eastern Order of International Co-Freemasonry; Bro Tom Davis will be travelling from South Africa to be with us in Macedonia as an important guest at the Inauguration. The Easton Order covers the countries of India, New Zealand, Australia, U.S.A. Brazil, Costa Rica, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and in Europe, Spain, France, Ukraine. We hope that Bro. Tom will be able to attend our Meetings in London whilst he is in this country. LODGE ANNIE BESANT LONDON AND OVERSEAS NO4 has been resuscitated to cover our membership in Greece and London, and will be combining with Greek members who work in London and the Lodge membership in Athens, Greece. The Secretary of the Lodge was formally the Grand Secretary of our Order in Greece and is unofficially occupying that office at present. THE GRAND CONCLAVE. THE COURT OF JUSTICE AND EQUITY – 31st DEGREE CEREMONY. The full impressive ceremony of the 31st degree was held in Sofia, Bulgaria; three members, Elizabeth Adebutu-Kesington, Sheila Bedford and Roger Davis, Knights of The Grand Conclave Great Britain travelled to Sofia, Bulgaria to receive the degree. Five Knights Kadosh of Bulgaria also received the degree and together were ceremonially taken through the whole ceremony. The Sovereign Grand Commander, Val Coles, 33⁰ officiated assisted by Grand Officers of England and Bulgaria. France. Sadly the Board of General Purposes has terminated our partnership with the GLEFU due to that Order receiving visiting members of clandestine organisations. SPECIAL NOTE FOR W.Ms AND D.Cs OF LODGES— HEARING AIDS Some assistance for the hard of hearing. It is sensible for a Candidate for Initiation to wear a Hearing Aid if in the opinion of the Lodge Committee he/she will be able to profit from membership of the Order. (Profit being important to hearing the words correctly and clearly). SUMMER SOLSTICE 24TH JUNE 2018 will be celebrated at a Grand Lodge Meeting, at which Entered Apprentices, Fellowcraft and Master Masons are invited. Lodge Arbor Vitae will be presenting a candidate for Initiation. All members are invited. Email glf4m-w@tiscali.co.uk for an Agenda of invitation.

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THE ROSE AND CROSS AND THE JEWELLED LOTUS BY THE V.ILLS. BRO. JOHN ALGEO, 33⁰ The two great symbols of the Eighteenth Degree are the Rose and the Cross. The meaning of these symbols, taken both separately and in conjunction, is explained in the ritual of the Degree. But, these symbols are also used very widely outside the Eighteenth Degree, so their meanings in other connections are worth exploring to see what light they can shed on the use of the Rose Cross in this Degree. Moreover, the Rose and the Cross correspond in common ways with two other symbols, namely, those of the Diamond and the Lotus, and that correspondence is also worth exploration. THE CROSS The Cross is a symbol of the world in its totality - of the four directions (east, south, west, and north), of the four elements (earth, air, fire, and water), and of all quaternaries - four being the number of the Earth and of all lower sets of things, such as the four lower principles, human and cosmic. But the Cross is also a link between the square and the circle (time and eternity or matter and spirit), because it divides both into quadrants. The vertical pole of the Cross represents spirit or purusha; and the horizontal pole represents matter or prakriti. When the Cross is associated with the circle rather than the square, the Cross becomes the dynamically revolving swastika, the symbol of evolution, of cyclical activity, of manifestation, and of perpetual regeneration. And when the upper arm of the Cross is transformed into a circular loop, the Cross becomes the Egyptian ankh, a symbol of life in its wholeness. It also represents humanity: a human figure with arms outstretched. The Cross, in addition, represents a tree: Yggdrasil, the world tree of Norse mythology, whose upper branches are the home of the gods, Asgard; who roots are the dwelling place of darkness and of demons, Nifelheim; and on whose middle trunk (the crossbar of the Cross) dwell humans in Middangeard or Middleearth. The Cross is also the Tree of Life, which grew in Eden and from whose seed, planted on Adam’s grave, grew a barren tree that furnished the wood for Noak’s ark, for the rod of Moses, the Pole of the brazen serpent in the wilderness, and finally the Cross of Christ’s crucifixion, when the Tree of Life finally bore its fruit. It is both the Cross of Passion and the Cross of Glory, representing the world we experience in both dukkha or suffering and as ananda or bliss. THE ROSE The Rose is a symbol of the heart and of love, of the soul as distinct from the body. And the Rose upon the Cross is the soul within the body – the whole human being. As it represents the soul, the Rose is also a symbol of the Lady Mary, who is called the Rose of Sharon and the Mystic Rose. The Rose represents salvation, initiation, or rebirth (the Latin word rosa being taken as a pun on the Latin word ros meaning ‘dew, rain’ which is life-giving). In the classical allegory of the ancient mystery tradition, ‘The Golden Ass’, its narrator, Apuleius, who has been transformed into an ass by his ignorance and bad choices, regains his human shape by eating a garland of roses that the high priest of Isis give him. Similarly, in the Sufi tradition, the Rose symbolises communion with the divine; the mystic Sa’di of Shiraz said, “I shall pluck roses from the garden, but I am drunk with the scent of the rosebush”. White and red Roses represent, respectively, purity and passion, stability and energy, yin and yang. They are also the first and second stages of the alchemical process. The cosmic Golden Rose, which Beatrice shows Dante when he reaches the last circle of Paradise is the heavenly love that orders the Cosmos. Continued ...

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THE ROSE AND CROSS The Rose at the centre of the Cross represents the Sacred Heart (of Christian iconography). The Cross alone represents the four lower planes of human experience; the Rose at its centre represents the flowering of our experience of those planes into wholeness and perfection. And that is why brethren of the Rose Croix are called ‘Excellent and Perfect Knights.’ The first Degree of Freemasonry corresponds to the physical-vital realm; the second Degree to the emotional-mental realm; the third Degree to them mental-intuitional realm; and the Degree of the Rose Croix to the intuitional-unitive or atmic-buddhic. Although it has universal meaning, the Rose Cross is primarily a Western symbol. But it corresponds with a primarily Eastern symbol, that of the Jewelled Lotus, the mani padme. THE JEWEL The Jewel in the Lotus is a diamond, an enduring gem, which is hard, translucent, and bright and so is a symbol of perfection, fulfilment, immortality. In the Tibetan tradition it is the vajra, which is also an omnipotent spiritual force, enlightenment, the Void, the unchanging Buddha nature. The Diamond World of reality and potentiality is opposed to the mayavic phenomenal world in which we live. Plato said that the axis of the world, the still point on which the ever-revolving world turns, is made of diamond, which is incorruptibility and absolute Truth. In Italian, the word for diamond, diamante is said to be equivalent to dio amante meaning ‘god loving’, and thus diamond is a symbol of divine love. THE LOTUS The Lotus is a flower that grows in stagnant and murky waters, and thus it represents life springing out of the undifferentiated primal waters. Its roots are in the mud of the physical world, its stem rises, through the waters of the emotional world, its blossom flowers in the air of the mental world, and it opens to the light of the sun in the fiery heavens of the divine world. As a symbol of the chakras, the Lotus represents the connections between the planes of existence. The Lotus has eight petals, representing the eight points of a compass, hence the world, in that it is like the revolving cross or swastika, which has eight lines, eight angles, and eight points. Also like the swastika, the Lotus is a symbol of the world process. Its bud in the World Egg, and its blossom is the manifestation of that Egg as the Cosmos Vishnu (who is Universal Mind) sleeps on the ocean (which is primeval substance). He rests upon a couch formed by the coiled serpent Naga (which is the cyclical power of energy of Fohat). From his navel a lotus emerges, and on the centre of that Lotus sits Brahma (who is the principle of creative expansion). The Lotus thus represents the Plan in the Universal Mind by which the world us made. The Lotus is a symbol of birth and rebirth, its many seeds representing fecundity. It is said that ‘On the walls of the tombs at Thebes, the living and dead of a family are shown solemnly smelling the blue flower (of the lotus) in an attitude partly of delight and partly inspired by the magic of rebirth’ (G. Posener, Dictionary of Egyptian Civilization 152-3). The blue Lotus corresponds with the blue Rose, which is a symbol of what is impossible in this world but is the ultimate attainment in the greater world. The French Theosophical journal is call Le Lotus Bleu or 2 ‘The Blue Lotus’. And in Tennessee Williams’s play The Glass Menageriie’, its central character, Laura, longs for a perfection that is impossible in this world; she suffers from pleurisy (or pleurosis) and is punningly nicknamed ‘Blue Roses’. Continued ...

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THE JEWELLED LOTUS The Jewel in the lotus, or mani padme, symbolizes the universe whose centre is the dharma. It is maya, at whose heart is nirvana, just as the Rose Cross is the suffering of this world, at whose heart is divine Love. The two conjoined symbols of the Rose Cross and the Jewelled Lotus are parallel in many ways. But there is a curious difference between the two symbols. In the Western symbol of the Rose Cross, this world, represented by the Cross, is hard, inelastic, wooden or metal; and the Love at its centre is the flower. But flowers are transitory, they fade and wither. So the symbol of the Rose Cross represents the harsh reality of this world and the hard to achieve Reality of the divine world. In the Eastern symbol of the Jewelled Lotus, on the other hand, this world, represented by the Lotus, is the flower that blooms and fades; and the diamond Jewel at its centre is the permanent, perfect Reality of the divine world. The Western symbol emphasizes that self-sacrifice is necessary to achieve immortality and holiness. The Eastern symbol emphasizes that perfection and enlightenment are paradoxically present in the transitory blossom of this world - available for those who seek. Both symbols are correct. The show different sides of our experience on the mystic Path. Ultimately, the Rose Cross and the Jewelled Lotus are one, just as ultimately West and East are also one. Permission is given by M.W.Bro. John Algeo PGM of Hon.Gt.Britain to reprint his article from ‘Morning Star Journal. Vol. 69 No.3 September - December, 2003. Eastern Order of International Co-Freemasonry. The illustrations added to the article have been kindly donated by Susan Bayliss and are entitled Antch’, ‘Diamond’ and ‘Dharma’. Our advert appearing in the regular published magazine ‘Esoterica by kind permission of The Journal of the Foundation of Theosophical Studies ‘Esoterica’ is available as a free download on http:foundationforthetheosophicalstudies.co.uk/esoterica-2

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‘The Rituals of Freemasonry as performed together by Men and Women’ Author Jeanne Heaslewood also published by Corinthian Press Rituals have always been written by people with great imagination, who have from time past given consideration for the type of people who required different approaches to the drama of freemasonry. The numerous rituals available to, not only freemasonry but also to other types of organisations which teach morality and self-discipline have always been brought about by the cultural needs and of course, by what the aim of the organisation or even a unit of an organisation which has been founded. Some researchers consider that rituals may have to offer differences between men working as a single gender unit, women working as a single gender unit or men and women working in conditions of equality. One could question this view, if one thinks that there are certain conditions which have been traditionally accepted in the single gender Masonic Orders. To look beyond the gender of rituals, the question occurs whether there is such a need to change the drama of ritual to suit feminine or masculine or combined groups; surely, the changes that have been brought about are more to do with intellect and esoteric needs of a particular group of people, and not the gender. Before looking at particular rituals, it is necessary to question the views of the various Masonic Obediences or Orders of Freemasonry, which might have some relevance on the questions of differences of rituals. United Grand Lodge state, in their Book of Constitutions, in the preface of The Charges of a Free-Mason etc.etc. concerning Lodge… “The persons made masons or admitted members of a lodge must be good and true men, free-born, and of mature and discreet age and sound judgement, no bondmen, no women, no immoral or scandalous men, but of good report”. Bernard E. Jones in his Freemasons Guide and Compendium, first published in 1950 with various reprints since that date, state that the first Constitutions, those of 1723 make the matter clear “The Persons admitted members of a Lodge must be good and true Men, free-born, and of mature and discreet age, no Bondmen” however in the Ancient Charges prefacing the book of Constitutions of the United Grand Lodge of England we are told that the persons are as set out in the latest Constitutions*** Bernard Jones continues in Aims and Relationship of the Craft...... In 1929 the Grand Lodge of England issued Basis Principles for Grand Lodge Recognition, this foreshadowed the greater part of the declaration. Quote. The first condition of admission into, and membership of, the Order is a belief in the Supreme Being, The Bible, the Volume of the Sacred Law, is always open in the Lodges. Every Candidate is required to take his Obligation on that book or on the volume that is held by his particular creed to impart sanctity to an oath or promise taken upon it. While the individual freemason has the right to hold his own opinion with regard to public affairs, neither in a lodge nor in his capacity as a Freemason, may he discuss or advance his views on theological or political questions; The Grand Lodge has always consistently refused to express any opinion on questions of foreign or domestic State policy either at home or abroad, and it will not allow its name to be associated with any action, however humanitarian it may appear to be, which infringes this policy; The Grand Lodges refuses to have any relations with or to regard as freemasons, any bodies, styling themselves Freemasons, which do not adhere to these principles. End of quote and laid down that any Grand Lodge asking to be recognised by the English jurisdiction shall strictly observe the principles of the Ancient Landmarks, customs, and usages of the Craft, it membership and that of its individual Lodges shall be composed exclusively of men; there shall be no Masonic intercourse with mixed Lodes or with bodies that admit women to membership, the three Great Lights of Freemasonry (the V.S.L. the Square and the Compasses) shall always be exhibited when it or its subordinate Lodges are at work.

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This very strong stuff comes down from the years of servitude of women and has not reflected the movement over the years. From the time of the votes for women, much has been established in the profession and in trades which at that time would not have been the acceptable manner of working for women. Dr. Annie Besant following her Initiation, Passing and Raising into the Universal Mixte Masonry of France in 1902, decided that freemasonry had definitely something to offer to men and women working in a lodge together and given the same privileges and pattern of working. Consequently she brought England in 1902 Universal Freemasonry the title of which was eventually translated to The International Co-Freemasonry Le Droit Humain. At that stage, the first ritual was a translation of the ritual used in France by the LDH Order. In 1903 Dr. Besant started a Triangle in Benares, India together with her good friends, Franscesca and George Arundale (who were responsible for taking her to Paris to join Universal Mixte Masonry in the first place). It was in Benares in 1904 that the Dharma Ritual came to light and together with Dr.C.W. Leadbeater, she wrote into the Dhama Ritual, the special working of the offerings of the elements to be changed into the Elementals. N.B. (the pattern, of the Hindu religious ceremony of marriage or if one wishes similar to that of the changing wine and bread of the Christian religion). The Dharma Ritual was originally a masculine ritual, founded in India. There are in existence, two different versions dated 1904.Dr. C.W. Leadbeater was also a fellow member of the Theosophical Society of which Dr. Besant was the International Head as well as a recent freemason; he was also interested in this new exciting society. The Dharma Ritual was the accepted ritual of the group and its connotations very much to their thinking, so that it could be changed to suit the then source of imagination or magic which was considered more suitable to the growth of the mixed, (men and women) freemasonry of the Indian Continent. Therefore Leadbeater together with Annie Besant, added to the Dharma Ritual the embellishments of the offering of the Elementals and the Mystic Charges. The two following degrees, that of the second and third degree were also given a more dramatic or magic favour. In fact, the changes can be found more fully written up in Leadbeater’s book, ‘The Hidden Life in Freemasonry”. In this book, Leadbeater explains clearly all the magic of the words of the changes made to the Dharma Ritual. One clearly understands the meaning of the changes from this book. This Ritual became the formal ritual of the British Jurisdiction at that time, as it reflected the English culture and followed the strongest masonry in this country. i.e. the UGLE with its usage of the V.S.L. which at that time and still to this day, is not the accepted usage in main French masonry. During later years in England, the Dharma Ritual lost its name and merely became known in the British Federation Le Droit Humain by a reprinted date. It also lost the history of the Dharma Ritual. However, when the schism occurred in the British Federation at the end of 2000, the Senior members of the Consistory Council, the then governing body, suspended by the Supreme Council of Paris and later four Executive Officers expelled by the British Federation Triangle of the 33rd degree, were determined to carry on as Freemasons. The Founders of the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women, not only took this title so as to be understood, that the new organisation was British but also determined to follow the standards of the United Grand Lodge of England and the H.F.A.F. and Womens’ Orders in administration and organisation. Furthermore, not wishing to follow the “Lauderdale Ritual” exclusively, it was necessary to review the Dharma Ritual and seek authority from the Head of Freemasonry in India to use the Dharma Ritual as a background to revising and modernising the ritual to suit the new Order. This was agreed and the ritual with regard to the Founder of the AngloSaxon freemasonry for Men and Women Dr. Annie Besant, is now called The Besant Ritual. This name was also accepted across the newly formed Eastern Order of International Co-Freemasonry. The Honourable Fraternity of Ancient Freemasonry at the Frontispiece of their Constitution make a simple statement. Quote “The Honourable Fraternity of Ancient Freemasonry is organised entirely by women for women.” Unquote. This Order follow the Universal Ritual, which is not unlike the Emulation Ritual and is used by both the female Orders (without changes!). This surely shows that the male and female organisations are clear in their choice of gender and also clear in following the Rituals without changing them for the sake of the gender of both men and women. However, it is important to note here that changes made by the UGLE to the Oaths by deleting the medieval penalties of the Obligations in the craft (as well as the H.R.A. Chapter Ritual) has not necessarily been copied by other Masonic Organisations, quasi or recognised. This change does not affect gender only as previously explained of the Dharma

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Ritual which was changed to a more spiritual approach; the changes made to the Emulation and other Rituals of the UGLE were made because of the phylogeny of the time we live in, and not by the gender of the masculine Order. Of course, on the continent the gender, female and masculine are noted in the ritual books, the usage of “My brothers and sisters” prefaces the command given by the W.M. whereas in England, the female orders and the mixed orders are announced as “My brothers OR Brethren” given as a command. However, the script of the ritual on the Continent remains quite masculine in its content; in fact, the W.M. called Venerable Maitre, the masculine address, is strangely enough also used to address a female Venerable Maitre. This does not occur in the all female Order of France, the address to the Grand Master is actually Grand Mistress. This title would not be used in England as the female Orders both have Grand Master as their address for the high office. In the mixed Orders in England which follow the Usages and Organisation of the UGLE, and address both female and Masculine as Worshipful Master and respectively Grand Master. This is not so in the British Federation of International Co-Freemasonry where the head of the Federation (part of the total Order of The International Mixte Order, Le Droit Humain) is called Most Puissant Grand Commander and the Rulers of the craft are termed Right Worshipful Master. There are far more changes which continually take place within the various organisations of both female, male and mixed Orders, given time and opportunity would be interesting to follow these developments in the future. Jeanne Heaslewood, updated March, 2018 He that is down need fear no fall; He that is low, no pride; He that is humble ever shall Have God to be his guide. John Bunyan

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