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family history, pub. 2018

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We This emember The History of the Daulton/Smith Family

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We RThis emember The History of the Daulton/Smith Family

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Front cover image: Daulton family on Easter Sunday in Clarksburg, 1951. From left: Joyce, Patsy, Essie holding Richard, Sheila, Howard, Buster, and Shirley. Page ii image: a holler in rural northeastern Kentucky. Back cover images: Daulton Family Reunion, August 19, 2017 (courtesy of John Blausey Photography). Photos clockwise from top: Emily Gallo sinks the putt!; (standing, from left) Will Daniels, Wes Daniels, Doug Menzmers, Justin Broeze, Marshall Gallo, Clay Daulton, Brent Soles, and (seated, from left) Eddie Menzmers, Kurt Wisner, Tim Hammond, Andy Daulton, Jason Fought, Enzo Gallo; (from left) Rhyan Fought, Brent Soles, Josie Soles, Aimee Soles; (from left) Richard Daulton, Andy Daulton, Aimee Soles, Justin Broeze, Gwen Daulton; (standing, from left) Lilliana Hammond, Elizabeth Menzmers, Lisa Menzmers, Eleanor Menzmers, Emily Gallo, Ryan Fought, and (seated, from left) Carol Daniels, Dana Fought, Delilah Hammond, June Gallo, Kaitlin Daniels, Aimee Soles, Josie Soles. Copyright © 2018 by Howard Breckinridge Daulton II. All rights reserved. Produced by Personal History Productions LLC Helping companies, organizations, and individuals record their histories as a legacy for families, employees, customers, beneficiaries, and the public. 707.539.5559 www.personalhistoryproductions.com iv

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ESSIE FAY SMITH DAULTON and HOWARD BRECKINRIDGE DAULTON and their children

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Essie’s Early Years 19 Essie’s Early Years When Howard was just 16 months old, another baby was born in nearby Morgan County, Kentucky: this was Essie Fay Smith. Essie was born on October 2, 1915, in Jeptha, a small, unincorporated rural community about 60 miles southeast of Flemingsburg. She was the fifth of six surviving children born to Rebecca (née Roseberry) and Raney Rufus Smith. Her older siblings, in order of birth, were Auta (known as Autie), Ota (known as Otie), Ocal, and Ova (known as Ovie). (There apparently was another daughter who died in either infancy or early childhood, but her name and placement in the family is not known.) The baby of the family, Woodrow, was born when Essie was seven years old. How Rebecca and Raney came up with their children’s unusual names is a question that no one in the family today can answer. Essie’s mother, Rebecca, was one of eight children born in Kentucky to Henry and Levisa “Visie” (née Conley) Roseberry. Henry Roseberry was a “circuit rider,” a traveling Methodist preacher, in Kentucky in the early 1900s. Essie’s father, Raney, was one of seven children born to Peter S. and Nancy J. (née Moxley) Smith. Rebecca and Raney married when they were 15 and 17, respec­‑ tively. Raney worked on farms and as a manual laborer on the railroad for many years. His 1918 draft registration card lists his occupation as “timbering” and his employer as Lenox Sawmill Co. (He is described on the draft registration card as of medium height and build with Raney Smith holding his youngest son, Woodrow (Essie’s brother).

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20 THIS WE REMEMBER: The History of the Daulton/Smith Family A Smith family portrait about 1930: (from left) Autie, Ocal, Raney, Ovie, Rebecca, Essie, Otie, and Woodrow in front of Rebecca. (This is the earliest existing picture of Essie.)

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Essie’s Early Years 21 Essie’s eldest brother, Autie Smith, working at the train roundhouse in Portsmouth, Ohio, where Raney also worked. blue eyes and brown hair.) His occupation is listed as “farmer” in both the 1920 and 1930 censuses, but his family remembers him as working on the railroad. Essie’s eldest brother, Autie, also worked on the railroad. Essie told her children stories about how as a child she rode in the train’s engine with her father while he hauled train railcars down the track to be connected to each other. When the Great Depression hit, Raney was laid off. Afterward, he worked as a coal miner. Like many of his fellow miners, Raney developed black lung disease. He also may have had tuberculosis. After suffering for 10 months, he died at age 54. “My mom grew up dirt poor,” Sheila said. “She had three dresses. She had one for school. She had a church dress. And she had a play dress.” Living miles and miles away from the closest cities, the Smiths depended on the land and nature for almost all their food and medicines. Sheila said her mother described herbal remedies that her family used to treat infections and other ailments. She also told her about eating plants that grew wild and were free for the

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22 THIS WE REMEMBER: The History of the Daulton/Smith Family picking. “She talked about how in the spring, when the dandelions came out during the very first rain, they would eat nothing but dandelion greens,” Sheila said. Essie learned as a young girl not to be wasteful, and she never forgot that lesson. “She was very thrifty,” Sheila said. U.S. Census data shows that in 1920, when Essie was four years old, the Smith family was living in the unincorporated community of Paint near the town of West Liberty in Morgan County, Kentucky. The cen- sus record reveals that in addition to Raney, then 38, and Rebecca, 36, and their five children, the household included Rebecca’s parents, Visie and Henry Roseberry, who were both 68 at the time. Life in the Smith house- hold was warm and joyful, according to Essie’s children. “I get a sense, after talking with Ocal, that they had a very strong family,” Buster said. “Raney was a very strong father but very fair. And Rebecca was very caring.” As a child, Essie endured various health problems. According to Shirley, Essie was prone to developing painful Levisa “Visie” Conley Roseberry (Essie’s maternal boils. She also suffered a bad accident grandmother) stands between her daughters Rebecca Roseberry Smith (Essie’s mother), on her left, and Polly Ann Roseberry. as a child in which she slipped and fell and gouged the side of her neck on the tip of a rocker of a rocking chair. “She almost bled to death,” Shirley said. Patsy recalled Essie telling her how after the accident her father held her in his arms, applying wet cloths to her wound and trying to comfort her. “It was pretty serious. People were coming to pray,” Patsy said. Since there was nowhere

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Essie's Early Years 23 Rebecca Smith feeding her chickens. Date unknown. nearby to take her for medical treatment, Patsy explained, “somebody stitched her up with a needle and thread, basically.” She was left with a visible scar on her neck, which her children all noticed and asked her about. At some point during Essie’s early years, her family moved to Ohio, near the town of Portsmouth, just across the Kentucky state border on the Ohio River. Essie attended her first three years of school in Ohio, according to Shirley. After a few years, however, the Smiths apparently moved back to Kentucky. The 1930 federal census shows that when Essie was 14, the family was living in the unincorporated community of Hillsboro, in Fleming County, Kentucky. By then, the two oldest siblings, Autie and Otie, were no longer living at home and the youngest, Woodrow, was seven years old. In the census ledger, Raney Smith’s profession is listed as “truck farmer” in business with two of his sons, Ocal and Ovie. Essie told her children that she attended school only up to 8th grade. According to the 1940 federal census, conducted seven years after Essie and Howard were married, Essie stated that she had continued on page 32

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Henry Roseberry, a Methodist circuit rider and Essie’s maternal grandfather, is seated, middle of the front row (#5), with colleagues from the Ministers of Enterprise Association, August 1911. Henry Roseberry, standing in the middle of the group, with members of his congregation. Date unknown.

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Essie's Early Years 25 Henry Roseberry and wife, Levisa Conley Roseberry (Essie’s maternal grandparents), seated, with Nancy Jane Day Conley (Essie’s maternal great-grandmother) standing, and an unidentified child, pre-1911.

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26 THIS WE REMEMBER: The History of the Daulton/Smith Family ESSIE’S CHILDHOOD This material is adapted from the memories of Essie’s sister-in-law, Emma Cooper Smith (married to Ovie), in her book Yours and Mine: Growing Up in Rural Rustic Kentucky. Essie’s family relied on oil lamps for lighting. Oil was brought to the little country stores on wagons, and sometimes in winter the roads were impassable. The family would run out of oil, so they would have to use pine torches and the fireplace for light. Many a time the children had to hold a pine torch for their mother to get breakfast by. There seemed to be no other shortage, as they were dependent on their own selves for much of their needs. They burned wood to cook with, but for heat they burned coal in their fireplace, on grates. They had their own coal mines and their own coal for winter use. They may not have lived entirely off the land but pretty near it. They had their own sheep for wool. Rebecca, Essie’s mother, carded the wool and had a spinning wheel. She made yarn and knitted the family’s socks and mittens. She would send the yarn off to have Lindsey blankets made as well as material to make little Lindsey shirts. Rebecca made the small children (even the boys) little dresses from this material. The family had chickens and geese, and they picked these geese in a certain time of the moon. The down would come off easy. From the down, they made nice feather beds and pillows. Their mattresses were ticking filled with pieces of corn shuck and corn silk, which is very soft. The feather bed was laid on top of the shuck tick. You talk about a good warm soft bed, this was it. Every fall the tick shucks were emptied and filled with new shucks. The family had hogs to kill for meat and their own milk and butter. They had honey and sorghum molasses. They dried apples and beans. Beans were strung on strings and hung behind the stove to dry. Red peppers and pumpkins were cut in rounds and hung on a stick over the fireplace to dry. Many foods were canned, and beans were pickled. They had corn, cabbage, mustard, and cucumbers. Their gardens were “hill and truck patches” that grew vegetables. Also, they had watermelons and mush-melons, popcorn and broom corn. They made their own brooms. Their winter gardens were mounds of dirt where they buried potatoes, cabbage, and turnips. They put their sweet potatoes in big boxes of dry sand from the creek. Many things grew in the woods and were gathered: huckleberries, raspberries, and blackberries, rhubarb, apples, plums, and peaches. Everywhere there were grapes. There was much to be gathered from the woods to sell. For instance, there were American chestnuts, which used to grow in abundance. The family would gather them by the bushels for sale. They also

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Essie's Early Years 27 A home in rural eastern Kentucky. sold ginseng, yellow root, and mayapple root. They gathered moss to sell to nurseries. It was rolled up off rotten logs, put in sacks, and sold. Chestnut oak bark was gathered, but it was heavy and thick. They took it off trees, rolled it up, tied and corded it, and then hauled it out of the woods on a sled. Then the bark was put on a wagon and taken to Redwine and put on a train and sent to a tanning factory that made leather for harnesses, shoes, etc. Raney (Essie’s father) had to get up early before daylight and walk to the Lennox sawmill several miles away. He made homemade chairs, and the family used hickory bark to make chair bottoms, as well as baskets. Quilts were another thing they made. The whole family could quilt. They papered their rooms and spread sand rock on their floors every spring. The kitchen and pantry were papered with newspapers and Sears Roebuck catalogs. For the floors, they would go get sand rock from the banks of the river and beat this up fine and spread it on the floors. These were walked on several days, then swept off. They would be spotless. So white, pretty, and clean. This all seemed like work, but they played too. Fox and geese, foot races, checkers, baseball, horseshoes, mumble peg, fox and hounds, foot races, and other games. They rode horses and raced them with other kids. They had dogs to hunt with and sold furs they would catch.

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