Flash Cats Issue 64

 

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September 2017

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3rd Issue 2017 www.nzcf.com Flash C atsThe Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy SHOW GALLERY SELKIRK REX Curly Cats WORLD CAT CONGRESS THE BEST NUTRITION FOR SKIN AND COAT RENOCYAYLCLCOAPNEIDNIA LAUNCH Issue 17/03 1 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. Making everyday an adventure, naturally. AWARD-WINNING NO BAD ANYTHING FOOD FOR CATS Flash Cats Proudly made in Canada by Hagen 2 Join our commFournimtyooreniFnafoceabnodosktowcwkiwst.fsavciesbitoIwosswku.wceo.nm1u7/tnr/iu0etn3rcieen.ccoe.nnzz

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EDITOR Gaynor Saxon 272 Kennedy Road Napier 06 842 1011 flashcatseditor@gmail.com ADVERTISING Wendy McComb 06 368 9991 allanandwendy@hotmail.com SECRETARY Chris Lowe secretary@nzcf.com 07 533 4347 TREASURER Marion Petley 259B Mill Road, Otaki 5512 06 364 6314 marion.petley@xtra.co.nz COVER PIC Selkirk Rex, Humphrey, bred by Rebecca Kuss, her prefix is Rebuss. His pedigree name is unknown.   Photo was taken at the 2012 Adelaide Royal Show.   PHOTOGRAPHER: Ingrid Matschke Photography www.imphotos.com.au The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. Inside this issue Issue 64 3 Life Membership 4 Breed Related Dermatology 5 Breeder’s Blog 6 The Curly Cats 7 Memories 9 Ear Infections 10 Best Nutrition for Skin and Coat 12 Show Gallery - Sacred Temple 14 Show Gallery - Patches and Pointed 15 Show Gallery - Auckland Cat Club 17 PetPlan - A Lifetime of Care and Advice 18 World Cat Congress 19 Royal Canin Encyclopedia Launch 21 Breed Standards Update 22 Dr Kendall on Cat Personality 24-28 NZCF Information Csahtesltkernowwipthehnooauwlttitceoosn.ofbi-ntaeWminenfJotoadGnwedoitrlhogvoeeutwliathboouutr, 2017 SUBSCRIPTION APPLICATION I would like to subscribe to Flash Cats Magazine This subscription entitles me to Associate Membership of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. I am enclosing $40.00 for four issues of Flash Cats. Please send them to the address below: Name: Address: Please copy or cut this form and post to: Executive Secretary Chris Lowe - 1614 Old Coach Road RD6, Te Puke 3186 New Zealand Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc or its officials, and advertised products or services are not necessarily endorsed by the NZCF For permission to reproduce material in this magazine please contact the authors directly or talk to Gaynor Saxon on 06 842 1011

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. CHAIR CHAT EDITORS NOTE A warm welcome to you all on this cool, cloudy, damp Waikato Sunday in September. Happy father’s day to all who are howsoever a koro, foster father, stepfather, dad, daddy, pop, poppa, pa, pater, or pāpā and I hope your day has been one full of fun and surprises for the enjoyment of it. We face some uncertain times with the notion that Councils are considering a cat registration system. Our local Waipa District Council has already created discussion on this, talking up the idea that it will impose a system of registration. If you read the excellent material Sue Mackay put together then it will give you an understanding how broad sweeping cat registration may be. For dogs the original reasons for registration have been lost in history with Councils no longer providing the dosing strips of the past as vets perform a service at the pet owner’s cost. It seems the reasons to register a dog are simply to get a new collar tag, but with a microchip one wonders why new council collars each year remain necessary. As with cats these too can be microchipped. It’s hard to imagine they could make it necessary to buy a cat a collar! However, much of the argument for registering cats appears to be one of cats roaming and hunting, as is their instinct, and that these roaming cats are killing native animal and bird species. Somehow by registering cats this problem would be better managed? Really? But most Councils have no proposal to put in place any effective species protection management plan. A plan that includes all animals and birds that hunt for prey. After all cats are not the only hunter, gatherers out there. Hello everyone, Welcome to the third issue of Flash Cats Quarterly 2017. We have some very interesting reading for you in this Issue. Several of our articles are excerpts taken direct from speakers at the World Cat Conference Seminar, and others are from Veterinary sites that I trust are accurate. Again I stress that our articles are for your reading enjoyment only. We cannot guarantee the authenticity of the writings and emphasize that you should always check with your vet first before acting on any advice you read in the articles. Let me say once again, that we always welcome and need the input from our membership, so please... get involved, send in your stories, anecdotes, or health advice you feel we need to publish to us at flashcatseditor@gmail.com Finally, grab a cuppa, put your feet up and do enjoy this issue of Flash Cats. Gaynor Saxon Editor The hard work that both Zena Pigden (our rep on the NZ Companion Animal Council Board) and Sue Mackay (our Animal Welfare Liaison Officer) do for you as members of the NZ Cat Fancy, is appreciated as they continue to push for sensible answers and better outcomes in respect of cat management practices. We should take this opportunity to demonstrate to Councils that as cat owners we take our animal management practices seriously and do a great job of it too. For example, NZCF members can easily demonstrate their greater familiarity with the idea of confining cats to their properties. As well, they could present their cattery management plan as including the general practice of desexing cats not specifically kept for breeding. Therefore it makes sound sense to have as many of our members as possible to look at having your own accredited catteries. In most cases you may find you that already meet, or exceed the standard but have yet to make application to become accredited. To assist in this I will ask the Executive Council to find a way to smooth out any wrinkles in the current process, aiming to make it straight forward, and cost effective for you as members to achieve accreditation. Maybe to consider having a standard “A1” and an “A2” for the large verses small catteries? NZCF MEETING DATES 25-26 NOVEMBER 2017 We can lead the way by being more in sync with Council objectives than the Councils currently realise. Doing this gives Sue Mackay and Zena Pigden the means on behalf of NZ Cat Fancy members to argue this: Rather than register each cat individually that Councils agree to register each NZCF member’s accredited cattery for a single fee. Feedback to chairperson@nzcf.com will be welcomed. Ian Gray NZCF Chair FLASH CATS CLOSE-OFF DATES FOR CONTRIBUTIONS March Issue - 30 January 2018 June Issue - 30 April 2018 September Issue - 30 July 2018 December Issue - 30 October 2017 Contact Gaynor Saxon (Editor) flashcatseditor@gmail.com Flash Cats 4 Issue 17/03

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www.nzcf.com Congratulations to Janice Davey who was awarded NZCF Life Membership at the 2017 AGM. Janice has been a member of the NZCF for thirty years. Over these years she has given hugely of her time and efforts to the NZCF, serving on the Executive Council for over 9 years and in those nine years she has managed the Registrations, Judges, and at present, the Shows Portfolios. She has been a very popular judge for over 17 years and has organised Handlers’ and Stewards’ schools, Judges’ schools and coordinated the very successful WCC Seminar in 2015. A member of Taranaki cat Club for over 25 years and Sacred Temple for 22 years, Janice has devoted her time holding several position from President to Secretary and Newsletter Editor. No newcomer to success, Janice breeds Birmans under the prefix Leegrgo/Birpur, she has bred several National Show winners and over the years, bred many Gold Dbl Gr Champion and Premier cats. Janice is passionate about showing, judging and is always ready to assist any NZCF members needing assistance. Janice is presented with her NZCF Life membership medal by the 2017 outgoing Chair Gaynor Saxon. DID YOU SAY, ACTIVITY ADVISERS? Help! I need somebody; Help! Not just anybody; Help!You know I need someone. Help! So sang the Beatles with their number one selling album of the same name. The song is appropriate for the very reason that prior to our August EC meeting I circulated a discussion paper, and if asked will happily forward it to you on setting up a group for Area Activity Advisers. The paper was well received, creating a buzz of discussion, suggesting the need to put together this article, as well as providing an outline of what an Area Activity Adviser would be doing. This is about generating fresh ideas to help with revitalising the Cat Fancy and to better engage members with the grassroots activities of the NZ Cat Fancy. Currently the trend is to operate in club silos which while important, is reliant on being involved in club meetings and a show or two each year. Administration is necessary but it’s too much like business. We’re looking for fun things as well as getting more connected. Something lighter, more social, yet helps members gain confidence and become more knowledgeable, more hands on. Area Activity Advisers do not have to be Cat Fancy experts in the sense of knowing stuff, but will find the means to get people from all parts of the Cat Fancy to link in, even extending out to people who are yet to become members. The linking in process is around being media chat savvy, familiar with media opportunities and able to show the Cat Fancy how best to adopt these opportunities. Like it is all very well to pat a pet in the flesh but how do you pat a pet on line? In a hash tag, on instagram or in a tweet? How might one set up a blog for different activities, hints and tips, getting together for sharing stuff on cat care, cat minding, kitten contracts, show preparation, mini shows but not in a hall, or any activities to generate interest and involvement to share at all levels of knowledge and expertise. Being an Area Activities Adviser is more about bringing people together be it members or those who might want to get some involvement at whatever level. Together we can create opportunities to make this happen. Being an Area Activities Adviser is not about doing this on your own rather about drawing on the ideas and expertise of others, sharing those ideas and then getting membership support to enable these activities to be developed. Some of us, but maybe the oldies which is not you, just like things to stay as they are (LOL). And I can understand that view. However, more and more this means the membership, is aging where for some, the Cat Fancy has become a retirement activity possibly constrained by physical and financial issues. For those of us still breeding but retired means kittens we retain to show will live for another 15-20 years. That is quite a commitment. I suggest that succession in breeding activities as well as club activities needs to be a focus for the future of the Cat Fancy. Finding ways to hand over the reins will I suggest be easier to promote and encourage through the assistance and help that Area Activity Advisers can bring to the table together with the help of associates and friends. So with a little help from our friends I do appreciate you being around, I’ve opened up the doors, let’s see if this is something you want for the future well being of the Cat Fancy and you as a member? Feedback welcomed to chairperson@nzcf.com please. Ian Gray NZCF Chair Issue 17/03 5 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. BREED RELATED DERMATOLOGY IN THE CAT Pascal Prélaud, DV, dip ECVD, veterinary dermatology specialist, Advetia Veterinary Specialists Center,Paris prelaud@advetia.fr Selection of breeds based on hair characteristics led to some specificities of dermatology in some breeds. Lack of genetic diversity can also be prone the development of genetic skin diseases which are generally breed specific. HAIR DEPENDENT Long hair breeds Self grooming is less efficient in cats with long hairs.This is why they are predisposed to some contagious or parasitic skin diseases DERMATOPHYTOSIS Dermatophytosis (ringworm) in long hair cats is the nightmare of breeders. Long hair cats can be asymptomatic carriers or exhibit any forms of dermatophytosis: scaling, erythema, patchy alopecia, extensive alopecia, seborrhea with greasy hair shaft, nodules (subcutaneous dermatophytosis is only described in Persian cats). HAIR DYSPLASIA (SPHYNX, DEVON REX AND OTHERS) LACK OF HAIR Malassezia proliferation The lack of hair provokes the accumulation of sebum on the skin and in skin folds.This excessive deposition of sebum enhances Malassezia proliferation.This is why Sphynx and Devon rex are breeds predisposed to Malassezia dermatitis and exhibit large amount of Malassezia on the skin even without any symptoms. UV RELATED RISKS The lack of protection of the skin by hair, expose it directly to UV. In sphynx cats UV induced dermatoses can be actinic keratosis, hyperpigmentation, comedon and cysts, and multicentric squamous cell carcinoma. COMEDONS Comedons are very frequent in cat with dysplastic hair.These comedons are hair follicles filled with keratin and can be dark or white. DIAGNOSIS is based on Wood’s lamp examination, hair examination and fungal culture. Treatment must be rigorous and include: 1. Topical treatment with twice weekly application of lime sulfur, enilconazole or a miconazole/chlorhexidine shampoo 2. Systemic treatment with itraconaole or terbinafine 3. Environmental decontamination CHEYLETIELLOSIS Cheyletillosis is almost only described in catteries, with predisposition of long hair cats. Clinically this parasitic skin disease is a dorsal scaly pruritic dermatitis. Diagnosis and treatment are simple. WHITE HAIR White is given by absence of pigmentation, and if absolute (light blue or red eyes) it is called albinism. White patches are coded by the S gene “white spotting”, while the white colour on the whole body is determined by the epistatic dominant gene W, which “covers with white” any other underlying color. Unfortunately this gene is often associated to deafness, as it causes a degeneration of the cochlea and an atrophy of the organ of Corti. White cats and cats with white patches on hairless areas (nose and ears) are predisposed to the developement of UV light related skin diseaes: solar keratosis, sqamous cell carcinoma. CHONDRODYSPLASTIC BREEDS Scottish fold cats are characterized by osteochondrodysplsia which can induce very severe articular lesions and also hard subcutaneous painfull lesions of the digits. Some breed specific dermatoses DIRTY FACE SYNDROME Dirty face syndrome of the Persian cat is a genetic keratinization disorder characterized by severe facial greasy pruritic lesions in kitten or youngadults. Differential diagnosis is sometimes difficult and biopsies are needed to confirm it. TREATMENT is based on the control of infection and in some case the use of cyclosporine to control inflammation. Parents of the kitten should be excluded from reproduction. PAPULAR MASTOCYTOSIS Papular mastocytosis, also named pigmented urticaria, is a rare disease in the cat excepted in Sphynx and Rex Devon. Lesions occur in young kittens or adults as small or large papules on the face, trunk or limbs. Pruritus is variable. The cause is unknown. It is more a pattern of skin reaction than a specific disease, as it has been associated to allergic skin diseases or dermatophytosis. Prognosis is highly variable, from self cure to severe generalized pruritic chronic disease. Treatment is based on the cause and idiopathic forms are treated with antihistamines for mild cases to cyclosporine for severe cases. No genetic studies have been yet published. HISTIOCYTIC MAST CELL TUMOR Mast cell tumors are uncommon cutaneous tumors in the cat. Briefly there is 2 types of mast cells tumors: the mastocytic which is often malignant and the histiocytic which is benign.Young Siamese cats are almost the only cats which present histiocytic mast cell tumors. Clinically lesions are non symptomatic cutaneous nodules on the face which disappear after a few weeks or months. Flash Cats 6 Issue 17/03

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www.nzcf.com BREEDERS’ BLOG ByZena Pigden Here’s a message we’d all rather NOT receive from our cat carer, (in this case adult daughter), when away overseas for a month. “Either Finn or Max has had a completely liquid very smelly poo in litter tray inn your bathroom… Dad freaking out.” My capable daughter had a) checked for footprints (none, thank God) and b) confined the two suspected culprits individually until their poos had returned to normal. And then she did one more thing… have been designed for cats. Or you might consider purchasing ‘Tummy Works Probiotic for Dogs and Cats” from Amazon.com which includes 10 different strains of beneficial bacteria along with prebiotics which help to feed the good bacteria. I’ve heard this recommended by overseas breeders and plan to order some myself. So the other thing my daughter did was mix a probiotic into some wet food for each cat and give it to them. Bingo – problem solved! (Within 24 hours too… although it might take a bit longer sometimes). Of course if you try this and the problem is NOT solved, it may be that your feline does have a parasite or infection that needs to be treated. So far as we know we have no parasite issues (cats are wormed regularly, and we haven’t had any persistent issues with diarrhoea or pudding poos.) But as we all know, although some cats have iron stomachs, many can react to a change of food, weaning, antibiotics, stress, pregnancy, or nursing by producing less than perfect – sometimes much less than perfect – poos. In these cases it’s most likely that they have developed an imbalance of gut flora and this is causing the problem. In times past I used to use antibiotics (something like clavulox, if I had any to hand) for a short course of just three days or so. These would reduce the overgrowth of e coli (the usual culprit) and all would be well again. Another tool in my toolbox was a change to a high fibre food such as Royal Canin Intense Hairball or Iams Hairball Care which would take a little longer but also usually help matters. However, in that case it could take up to a week to see improvement and then I’d have to slowly transition the cats back to my preferred food which was generally something different. We are just starting to understand more about the microbiome in the gut and how changes and depletion of good bugs or imbalance between different kinds can affect not only digestive health but (in humans) even mood issues such as depression or anxiety. We also know from old and new studies that cats with chronic digestive issues such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome do have a reduced number of strains of good bacteria in their guts. And we certainly know that even if there are no adverse symptoms like diarrhoea, antibiotics affect the gut bacteria along with ones you are targeting with treatment. I now think that both humans and cats should be supplemented with probiotics if they have any kind of poo problem, or if they are being treated with antibiotics. More recently, after seeing just how effective taking a probiotic was for both my daughter and her baby son when they developed antibiotic induced diarrhoea, I decided to try probiotics the next time we had a diarrhoea that was probably not due to infection or parasites. Worked like magic within a couple of days. What’s a probiotic? It’s a capsule, powder or liquid that contains millions of beneficial bacteria, to help repopulate the gut with a mixture of good bugs. I’ve used human ones with good effect (humans and cats can benefit from the same strains of good bugs). But there are formulations you can get through your vet that Issue 17/03 7 Flash Cats

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These Curly Cats Are All Descended From One Rescue Kitten Even their whiskers are curly! Cats come in many shapes and sizes, and most animal lovers are familiar with silky fur, wiry fur, even no fur, but rarely do you come across a cat covered in fluffy ringlets. The picture of the curly-haired kitten, accompanied by the caption “I’ve never seen a cat with curls until now,” has taken social media by storm, leaving many in a state of disbelief (with plenty of “OMG” and “I want it” thrown in for good measure). But this is no trick. While rare, there are four cat breeds with naturally curly hair. The breed that the Instafamous kitten, with its curled whiskers and tightly coiled fur, most likely belongs to — the Selkirk rex — can trace its roots all the way back to one very special rescue cat: Miss DePesto. Miss DePesto began her life in a Montana shelter in 1987. Though her four siblings had straight coats, she was born with wiry, unruly curls similar to a sheep’s coat. Local Persian breeder, Jeri Newman, of Livingston, Montana, could tell she was special, and quickly adopted the odd little kitten. This discovery led Newman to believe that Pest’s curls were a dominant genetic trait, unlike other curly-coated cat breeds such as the Cornish rex and Devon rex. Pest’s unique makeup allows for cross-breeding without fear of losing the curl, notes Mother Nature Network, and this genetic diversity is key to healthy cats. Likened to a “living teddy bear” or “a cat in sheep’s clothing,” the Selkirk rex is known for plush curls and an easygoing personality, earning it the nickname of “poodle cat.” Kittens with distinctive coats can be identified soon after birth by their curly whiskers. Jeri Newman named the breed after her stepfather, “Selkirk,” making this the first (and currently only) breed of cat to be named after an actual person according to Wilipedia, however,other origins for the name Selkirk have been mentioned. The Selkirk Rex is distinct from all other Rex breeds. Unlike the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex, the hair is of normal length and not partly missing. There are longhair and shorthair varieties. It differs from the LaPerm in that the Selkirk Rex coat is plusher and thicker. While the LaPerm gene is a simple dominant, the Selkirk gene (Se) acts as an incomplete dominant; incompletely dominant, allele pairs produce three possible genotypes and phenotypes: heterozygous cats (Sese) may have a fuller coat that is preferred in the show ring, while homozygous cats (SeSe) may have a tighter curl and less coat volume. nature of the Persian, and the playfulness of the Exotic Shorthair. There are no known health problems specific to the Selkirk Rex breed. They are a robust breed. Breeding towards proper head structure is necessary to prevent kinking of the tear ducts, resulting in tear run down the front of the face, or muzzle creases that can result in dermatitis on the face. Like other Rex breeds, irritation of the inside of the ear by curly fur can occur, increasing the production of ear wax. Homozygous cats (with two copies of the dominant Selkirk Rex gene) may have a tendency towards excessive greasiness of the coat, requiring increased frequency of bathing. Other health problems may be inherited from the outcross breeds used, including Polycystic Kidney Disease from Persians and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy from British Shorthairs. Responsible breeders screen their breeding cats for these diseases to minimize their impact on the breed. In the UK all Selkirk Rex registered with the GCCF for breeding are genetically tested for Polycystic Kidney Disease or are from 2 genetically tested parents. Named “Miss DePesto” after a character from the 1980s TV show “Moonlighting” as well as her tendency to pester Newman for attention, her lovely personality and unusual appearance prompted Newman to breed “Pest” with a black Persian named Photo Finish of Deekay. She produced a litter of six kittens — three of which, shockingly, had curly coats. The breed has been developed in two coat lengths, long and short. It is a large and solidly built breed, similar to a British Shorthair. The coat is very soft and has a woolly look and feel with loose, unstructured curls. The head is round, with large rounded eyes, medium-sized ears, and a distinct muzzle, whose length is equal to half its width. Because of its extremely dense coat and high propensity for shedding, unlike other Rex breeds with reduced amounts of hair, the Selkirk Rex is not recommended for those who might be allergic to cat allergens. The temperament of the Selkirk Rex reflects that of the breeds used in its development. They have a lot of the laid-back, reserved qualities of the British Shorthair, the cuddly No Face Oscar Kowalski was one of Miss DePesto’s first litter. Flash Cats 8 Issue 17/03

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www.nzcf.com The next phase was breeding Oscar to Persians, Exotics, British Shorthairs and back to Pest. Breeding Oscar to Pest was done for three reasons: • to attempt to reveal any serious problems connected with the gene This does not appear to be what happens when breeding Wirehair to Wirehair. Since the Wirehair's inception as an accepted breed and with continued Wirehair to Wirehair breeding, no homozygous cats have yet been produced. • to attempt to produce reliable homozygous kittens if it were a simple dominant gene (it did), and Oscar was then bred to Pest and produced the litter pictured. • to attempt to eliminate the wirehair as a gene source, as it appears to be an incomplete dominant. According to the CFA Almanac article about the Wirehair (February 1993, Volume 9, Number 10), the Wirehair is an incomplete (50% penetrating) dominant. Breeding two heterozygous complete dominants together would produce 25% recessive (straighthair), 50% dominant heterozygous and 25% dominant homozygous (only reproducing dominant). The kittens are NoFace Orange Roughy (homozygous), NoFace Gracie Slick (homozygous), NoFace Blue Moon (homozygous) and NoFace Eight Ball (straighthair). None of the three curly coated cats produced any straight hairs. 18 of Orange Roughy’s offspring were registered with CFA (all curly), 5 from Gracie and none from Blue Moon. Reference: selkirkrexcatclub.co.uk Wikipedia MEMORIES ARE MADE OF THIS by Ian Gray There is a 1964 song that goes, ‘Try to remember the kind of September . . .’. The Sandpipers sang it and so did Andy Williams and a bunch of others including Tom Jones. Well try as I might I cannot recall exactly the day but it felt like September in the Waikanae Memorial Hall, when Zena Pigden (then NZCF Chair) arrived with a massive bunch of flowers along with a scroll. From somewhere a cake appeared, possibly chocolate. If it didn’t or wasn’t, then let’s not spoil a good story. We got to celebrate 50 years membership of the Cat Fancy and surprise Sue Gordon with the presentation. That has stuck in my memory as a wonderful day and a great gesture to recognise then celebrate a tremendous achievement with Sue. It got me thinking about member recognition and celebrating the service of our other long term members. At the August Executive Council meeting I asked for support to implement a membership recognition scheme. The EC was pretty enthused by the idea and gave it the necessary big tick saying I’d better write an article in Flash Cats to expand on this. Let’s face it celebrating ones long term service is really special. We might not manage to have flowers or get Tom Jones, or the Sandpipers, to sing a song but it’s possible to produce a bar to add to your NZCF badge and to present you with a certificate of achievement at the NZCF Annual Awards Dinner. There are a number of members who have given long service to the Cat Fancy so I’d see us starting the first of our recognitions with 50 then 40 then 25 year service bars with a colour enamel background of say, gold, green and red saying the number and the word years. These can be presented to these long serving members at the 2018 National Awards Dinner, which would give us the opportunity to make a proper celebration of such an achievement. Ideally in 2019 the scheme would be extended to include recognition of service for more recent service at 15 and possibly 7 years. Other extensions could be to recognise the service of our Judges and our Stewards for those who have passed the qualifications, then have actively participated at shows each year. In overseas organisations there is more recognition for Judges who have decided to retire from actively accepting assignments, but can contribute in other ways. A Judge Emeritus status could be created to capture recognition of the service, as well as the acknowledgement of those now able to participate in other ways to guide and assist members. So please let us know your thoughts on member service recognition and how best to celebrate such events. Feedback to chairperson@nzcf.com is welcomed. Issue 17/03 9 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. A premium pet transport booking service, at discounted prices at www.pettravel.nz NOW SHIPPING INTERNATIONALLY Flsimghatlsl dfoorgcsa/ptsu/kpipttieens*s/ within the island: Flights for cats/kittens/ sbmetawlleednogths/epiuslpapnidess*: Payment via Credit Card and Direct Credit Flash Cats 10 Issue 17/03

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www.nzcf.com EAR INFECTIONS IN CATS CAUSES, TREATMENT, AND PREVENTION Cats don’t often get ear infections, but when they do, the cause can be complex. If your vet has ruled out ear mites -- the culprit in about half of all feline ear infections -- she’ll have to do some sleuthing to figure out what's causing your cat's outer or middle ear infection. It could be secondary to allergies, a mass, or possibly something lodged in the ear canal. Diagnosing the condition may require sedation or X-rays, but treating ear infections usually isn’t complicated. Antibiotics, anti-parasitics, antifungals, and corticosteroids are the most common treatments. What’s essential is that you get your cat in for treatment as soon as you notice signs of ear discomfort. Ear infections can become chronic and lead to deafness and facial paralysis. WHAT CAUSES EAR INFECTIONS IN CATS? Generally, unless your cat has picked up mites from another animal, ear infections are a secondary condition. That means they are actually the result of some other underlying medical problem. Here are some of the contributing causes and perpetuating factors for external ear infections, called otitis externa, and middle ear infections, called otitis media: An overgrowth of yeast or bacteria, or often, both l Wax buildup in the ear canal l Thick hair in the ear canal l Allergies such as food or pollen l Autoimmune diseases l Tumors/polyps within the ear canal l Ruptured eardrum l Improper ear cleaning l Foreign bodies such as bristle from grass l Environmental irritants l Diabetes mellitus Infections of the middle ear are usually the result of an infection that has spread there from the outer ear canal. What Are the Signs of an Ear Infection in a Cat? A cat will show his discomfort by scratching or pawing at his ear or shaking or tilting his head in the direction of the painful ear. Other symptoms to look for include: l Black or yellowish discharge l Redness or swelling of the ear flap or ear canal l Waxy buildup on or near the ear canal l Discharge from the ear that resembles coffee grounds (a symptom of ear mites) l Strong odor l Hearing loss l Loss of balance or disorientation HOW ARE EAR INFECTIONS IN CATS TREATED? If your vet determines that your cat has ear mites or a yeast or bacterial infection, she’ll treat it with anti-parasitics, antifungals, or antibiotics, as appropriate. These all come in ointment or eardrop form. If the eardrum is fine but infection has reached the middle ear, the vet may prescribe oral or injectable antibiotics. To begin treatment, your vet might clip the fur around the cat’s ear canal to help the cleaning and drying of the ear canal. At home, you can continue checking your cat’s ear to see if the inside of the ear flap is pink and clear. If ear drops have been prescribed, gently lift the ear flap and squeeze out the solution into the ear canal. Gently massage the base of the ear to help the medicine work its way into the ear canal. If your cat has chronic ear infections, the vet may prescribe a medication to help reduce the swelling of tissue in the ear canal. Sometimes, surgery is needed to remove swollen tissue that has narrowed or closed the ear canal. ARE CERTAIN CATS MORE SUSCEPTIBLE TO EAR INFECTION? Cats with diabetes, allergies, or a weak immune system are more susceptible to ear infections. Can Ear Infections in Cats Be Prevented? The best way to prevent another painful ear infection is to routinely check the ear to make sure there’s no redness, residue, or odour. Healthy ears are pale pink and have no visible debris or odor and minimal or no ear wax. It is best for the veterinarian to show you how to clean your cat's ear or to do it himself or herself. Never insert a cleaning device into the ear canal itself unless your vet has instructed you to do so. Ear mites Issue 17/03 11 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. THE NUTRITIONAL ROUTE TO THE BEST SKIN AND COAT FOR YOUR CAT Dr Adrian Watson, PhD Royal Canin Research & Development; Aimargues, France The domestic feline is an animal which can be defined by its beauty and grace. Typically they dedicate a significant amount of time and effort to maintain their appearance by cleaning and grooming, suggesting an important evolutionary advantage to this activity. But the cost of maintaining the beautiful coat, as well as the underlying skin, is considerable, and not just in time spent grooming. The skin and hair demand a great deal of nutritional resources, and in some ways are a good indicator of the quality and adequacy of the food consumed. These days overt nutritional deficiencies are rare owing to well-researched, commercial pet foods. However, there are still occasions when the quantities or balance of nutrients in the food has to be refined to meet the specific needs of an animal. If this is not done, a cat may find it more difficult to sustain an optimal skin and coat. Notwithstanding the above, skin problems are still a common finding in cats and can result in itching, scaly skin and hair loss. For example, skin infections come in many forms, and hypersensitivity to fleas is common. Allergies can also develop to food and various environmental factors, such as house dust mite. Finally, hormonal abnormalities often manifest in dermatological problems and associated hair loss. The challenge faced by the veterinarian is that the symptoms for many of these conditions are similar and also frequently exacerbated by over-grooming, a natural behavioural response to irritation and itchiness. All of this makes initial diagnosis a significant challenge. Nutrition can play an important role in cat dermatology in two ways, firstly by ensuring that the skin and coat is in the best health and therefore able to resist the issues described above, and secondly in clinical cases by contributing to the process of recovery and healing in order to get the animal back to normality. A number of nutrients are known to play a critical role in maintaining the skin. Hair is 95% protein and renewal of the hair and the skin is estimated to use 30% of dietary protein in cats. The quantity and quality of protein in the diet is known to be very important. Certain fatty acids, such as linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid, are known to be essential to cats as they cannot synthesis them themselves. These are precursors of two types of lipid called omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids which are, in turn, involved in a number of biological functions. Numerous vitamins and minerals are also known to have key roles, in particular Zinc, Vitamin E, Vitamin A as well as Vitamin B complex with biotin. Deficiencies of any of these can lead to deterioration in skin and/or coat condition. Adverse food reaction and food allergy have become virtually interchangeable terms referring to the occurrence of gut and/or skin issues associated with intolerance to food. The most common form in cats is immune mediated. However, whatever the background, diagnosis is performed the same way, by eliminating the suspected cause from the diet and checking for improvement.The diet of the cat can then be adapted specifically to avoid exposure to the causative food material.This can be a diet designed without problematic protein and carbohydrate sources, or more recently extensively hydrolysed diets have become a popular and effective option. The ability of diet to reduce skin inflammation has been demonstrated using polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). For example, these have shown particular promise for managing military dermatitis. Also, fish oils, containing high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, have been found to significantly reduce the concentration of inflammatory molecules in the skin of cats, highlighting the promise of this approach for clinical cases. In addition, improvements in the basic structure and barrier properties of the skin have been scientifically proven as a result of supplemented nutrition, thereby providing a means of protect the skin from potentially harmful environmental factors. Finally, changes in the colour of the haircoat have been linked directly to nutrition in black cats. In diets deficient in tyrosine the hair of the cats turned reddish brown. This was reversed by addition of tyrosine to the animals’ diet. What is more, the recommended dietary Tyrosine requirement for kittens was shown to be less than that required for optimal coat colour, illustrating the value of this amino acid. Flash Cats 12 Issue 17/03

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p. 13

NZCFwww.nzcf.com CA Issue 17/03 13 Q Flash Cats

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p. 14

The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. SACRED TEMPLE 20th Anniversary Flash Cats 14 Issue 17/03

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p. 15

www.nzcf.com Issue 17/03 15 Flash Cats

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