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REFLECTION The announced reform of the French baccalaureate: simple relief or in-depth reform ? Continuation and end by Bruno MAGLIULO, Honorary Academy Inspector - Trainer / lecturer FIRST PAN-AFRICAN MAGAZINE DIGITAL EDUCATION INFORMATION Magazine N0.030 OF OCTOBER 2017 GREAT REPORT Global Partnership for Education (GPE) Funding Conference Senegal and France co-sponsors NEWS COVERAGE World Development Report 2018 COPED MINI-FORUM «Chemistry in the face of health and environmental challenges in Africa» at the center of reflections Serious learning crisis in global education, revealed FOCUS Challenge of Qualified Human Capital in Sub-Saharan Africa PASET, the solution led by Africa EDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITION October 2017 1


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SOMMAIRE P 4-5 Editorial ... Great Report P * - ... News coverageP 12-15 Good to know P 24-27 P 7-11 Focus P 16-23 Scholarship P 28- 31 People with needs specific still victims P 4-5 World Development Report 2018 : Serious learning crisis in global education, revealed P 12-13 Global Partnership for Education (GPE) Funding Conference : Senegal and France cosponsors P 7-11 African Day of Technology and Intellectual Property : The 18th edition celebrated this year P 14-15 COPED mini-forum : «Chemistry in the face of health and environmental challenges in Africa» at the center of reflections P 16-19 22 EDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITION October 2017


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Announcement P 32-37 Africa news P 46-51 Reflection P 40-44 GOOD TO KNOW P 24 - 27 Executive Master ou MBA ? Not always easy to navigate EDUFORM AFRIQUE N°2008/0163/DEP–ATL-LITT/SG/SAG/ASSOC IFU : 6201001183605 Siège Afrique : N° 913, Route Nationale Inter – Etat N°2, Rue 12.191 Cotonou BENIN Email : Editeur Magazine Magazine digital panafricain d’information, spécialisé en éducation accessible sur Siège Afrique : N° 913, Route Nationale Inter – Etat N°2, Rue 12.191 Cotonou BENIN Compte BOA Bénin N° : 002968390004 Tél. : (00229) 21 13 85 57 / 95 45 98 95 / 96 37 71 16 Email : AFRICA NEWS Bureau Hors Afrique : 3 rue de la tour du Pin 33 000 Bordeaux - France Email : IVORY COAST Presidency of the Republic: Ouattara distinguishes the Director General of Unesco P 46 BURKINA FASO Commemoration of World Teachers’ Day 2017: 70 Honors awarded P 47 COORDONNATEUR GENERAL DIRECTEUR DE PUBLICATION Bernardin AGBOKPE COORDONNATEUR REGIONAL AFRIQUE MAGHREB Djamal Alpha T KANE COORDONNATRICE REGIONAL AFRIQUE DE L’OUEST Ablavi Akoua DJEME COORDONNATEUR REGIONAL AFRIQUE DE L’EST Alioum Mann KONATE COORDONNATEUR REGIONAL SUD AFRIQUE Peterson willis TETEVI COORDONNATEUR REGIONAL AFRIQUE CENTRALE Jean Pierre T. EDJANG COORDONNATEUR ZONE HORS AFRIQUE Clovis D. LAPORTE DIRECTEUR DE LA REDACTION Ousmanne K. TOURE DIRECTRICE DES SERVICES GENERAUX Charlotte A.B. BRUN NIGER All committed to better learning girls in math and science in Niger DIRECTEUR ADMINISTRATIF ET FINANCIER ***** CONSEILLERS À LA REDACTION Jules AGANI Honoré MEGBEMADO Samöel KPENGLA P 49 CHEF SERVICE SECRETARIAT DE REDACTION Georges BADA UNESCO CHEF SERVICE GRAPHISME International Literacy Day 2017 : Léonard TINDEDJROHOUN FunDza of South Africa laureate of UNESCO-Confucius Prize for CHEF SERVICE WEB Francky ADEOSSI Literacy P 49 REALISATION Eduform Afrique EDUFORMCAoFpRyrIQigUhtEOMctAoGbAreZ2IN01E2 EDITION October 2017 3 3


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editorial f People with needs specific still victims To transmit the knowledge, the know-how, to forge the knowledge to be in all the learners without exclusiveness, such is the constant challenge of the teacher in his class facing a population of children as different as their face. Diversity, when considering dimensions related to ancestry, culture, ethnic origin, gender identity, sexual orientation, language, physical or intellectual abilities, race, religion and socio-economic status. It is therefore fitting that equitable and inclusive education that responds to individual needs, recognizes and removes barriers, reinforces the sense of belonging to the class as a source of excellence. Therefore, a fair treatment and respectful of all these individual differences, is for the teacher, a professional constraint, which is difficult to respect if not to be. Welcoming students with physical or mental disabilities, for example, is a source of fear among teachers for not being able to cope with the task, suspecting that they are not competent. This increases the risk of seeing a large segment of the population of these children excluded from the formal education system and through, behavioral problems in the classroom, a lower interest in school, a decline in performance leading high dropout rates. 44 EDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITION October 2017


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Unfortunately, states in their efforts for a truly equitable and inclusive education are facing a controversial situation. Indeed, if the supervision of all children without exclusion by a so-called «generalist» teacher showed its limits, which moreover makes think of a fair and inclusive education, based on the principles of acceptance and inclusion all students; the logic of preparing so-called «professional» teachers for the specific care of children who are judged to be different because they deviate from the school norm is considered as a segregationist action that awakens the feeling of stigmatization of children. What can we do, then, when we want the school to be ever more open to greater diversity, because in learning environments where the child feels accepted and supported, he is more motivated and reaches his full potential! This is an ongoing issue that probably would have prompted the International Task Force on Teachers for EFA to organize an online forum on inclusion and equity in policy a few years ago and teaching practices. A meeting that allowed the initiators to aggregate several approaches, each with its failures and successes to identify, the best practice that can be disseminated throughout Africa. If the initiative and the approach of the International Task Force on Teachers for EFA are to be welcomed, it is hoped that the main conclusions will be popularized in order to hope for a better future for these thousands of people with needs unfortunately continue to be victims of discrimination which reduces their ability to access knowledge. Strongly a solution Bernadin AGBOKPE EDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITION October 2017 55


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EDUFORM AFRIQUE Magazine 9 The Pan-African magazine : Get all information in education across Africa 9 Thetrademagazine: Nothing but education information (the gains, challenges and prospects of the education sector, Literacy and Research in Africa) 9 The digital magazine: Uses for a very wide distribution of a recent broadcast technology of the print media, offering all the necessary amenities (downloading, printing, etc) 9 The magazine distributed via internet: Addressed directly (newsletters delivered from a base) or indirectly (through social networks) to hundreds of thousands of readers, who freely access this anywhere in the world. REoAFLfECcATIoOnNmgEplDoapUrhaCtoAivnTeeIO,aFNnraaAlnyNcsDoispGohRfoOtnhWeeaTsnHodcINiMoA-aegFchRorIneCobAmcSiocUuBtnrSatrjAieeHcstAoRriAebNsy of three groups Antoine Doudjidingao FIRST PAN-AFRICAN MAGAZINE DIGITAL EDUCATION INFORMATION N0.027 Magazine OF MARCH 2017 NEWS COVERAGE PAoFlwoRcIeCarAlfuNdleSrvaCemHloOppOtmoLesFntOitmOauDnldaDtAeY prevent malnutrition Does Benin want to reinvent the wheel ?REFORMS IN THE EDUCATION SECTOR CODESRIA EDaxrpe. pcGouoitdnivwteeindSeMSceurvreeutnnatgrhya FOCUS African Prospects 2017 b2u0s1y7,yAeaprafrotricthuelaCrOlyPEDEDUFORMAFRIQUEMAGAZINE EDITION March2017 1 REFLECTION The announced reform of the French baccalaureate: simple alleviation or reform in depth? By Bruno MAGLIULO, Honorary Academy Inspector - Trainer / lecturer / author FIRST PAN-AFRICAN MAGAZINE DIGITAL EDUCATION INFORMATION Magazine N0.029 OF SEPTEMBER 2017 With Radiate the African and international 39TH SESSION OF THE INTER-AFRICAN CONSULTATIVE COMMITTEES (ICC) OF CAMES 1265 registered on the various promotional lists FOCUS COPED GOVERNANCE BLACK CARNET Professor Pierre Tribute to the Fire Pr Fulbert GERO AMOUSSOUGA When one has not Auger, new lived unnecessarily President of COPED6 EDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITIONEDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITION September 2017 1 More on or write to Tél. : +229 96 37 71 16 Cotonou - Rép. of Benin October 2017EDUFORM AFRIQUE MAGAZINE EDITION Août 2013


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GREAT REPORT GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR EDUCATION (GPE) FUNDING CONFERENCE Senegal and France co-sponsors On 8 February 2018 in Dakar, Senegal, the Global Partnership for Education (GPE) Financing Conference will be held; a meeting cosponsored by Senegal and France that will bring together donor and developing countries, multilateral organizations, civil society, the private sector and philanthropic foundations. Mobilizing $ 3.1 billion for 2018-2020 is the goal of this Dakar meeting; it aims to support the education of 870 million children in 89 developing countries, where 78% of the world’s out-of-school children live. It will also be the first time that a donor country and a developing country will jointly sponsor such a conference, symbolizing the spirit of the partnership, the true essence of the GPE.  EDEDUUFOFORRMMAAFRFRIQIQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZININEE EDEDITIITOIONN OcOtcotboebrer22001177 77


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GREAT REPORT Ià In fact, the replenishment of the GPE’s resources marks the beginning of a new era in education financing, aimed at reversing the downward trend in aid in this sector, especially as specialists and Officials from all countries report that a significant increase in the mobilization of funding is needed to cope with the global education crisis. Also, the International Commission for Financing Glo- bal Education Opportunities (Education Commission) recommends increasing GPE resources by $ 2 billion a year by 2020, and then $ 4 billion a year by 2030. This would introduce a level of funding in the education sector comparable to those that have led to large-scale successes in the health sector. A recommendation shared by the GPE.  8 EEDDUUFFOORRMM AAFFRRIIQQUUEE MMAAGGAAZZIINNEE EEDDIITTIIOONN OOccttoobbeerr 22001177


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GREAT REPORT At this first stage, the GPE is looking to replenish its resources for the next three years (2018-2020) with the goal of reaching 2 billion dollars a year by 2020. This amount will allow the partnership to improve the results and equity for 870 million children and adolescents living in 89 countries. The ambitious plans of the GPE over the next decade will require a doubling of this amount to $ 4 billion a year by 2030. The announcement of this joint sponsorship of Senegal and France was made by Senegalese President Macky Sall and French President Emmanuel Macron at a hi- gh-level meeting on the financing of education organized at the headquarters of the UN in the presence of its Secretary-General António Guterres, several heads of state and education officials around the world. This will be the first time that a donor country and a developing country will jointly sponsor the SME financing conference. Antonio Guterres, UN Secretary-General «Investing in education is the most costeffective way to boost economic development, impro-  EEDDUUFFOORRMMAAFFRRIQIQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZININEE EEDDITITIOIONN OOccttoobbeerr22001177 9


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GREAT REPORT Antonio Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations ve skills and opportunities for young people and unlock progress on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The Global Partnership for Education’s funding conference is our first opportunity to turn political commitment into tangible support. Financing education is the best investment we can make». Julia Gillard, President of the GPE’s Board of Directors, said: «This conference will be the occasion for a radical change necessary to enable donors and developing countries to show their financial commitment in for education. The fact that Senegal and France jointly sponsor the GPE financing Conference demonstrates the determination of both States to assist the partnership in 10 EEDDUUFFOORRMM AAFFRRIIQQUUEE MMAAGGAAZZIINNEE EEDDIITTIIOONN OOccttoobbeerr 22001177 extending its support to build robust educational systems in developing countries. France has been a lessor of the GPE since 2005. This choice was validated by President Macron, who emphasized that one of his top priorities was to invest in education. «I call on the international community to join us in February 2018 in Dakar for the Global Partnership for Education’s funding conference, which France will cochair with Senegal,» he said. For Senegal, which, with the support of the GPE since 2006, has made enormous investments in education (24% of its public expenditure), President Macky Sall declared that «the Global 


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GREAT REPORT Partnership for Education has invested substantially in education, helping 72 million more children to go to primary school since 2002, including in Senegal». «We are honored to host the next GPE Finance Conference in Dakar, and we look forward to continuing our close collaboration with the GPE», he said «This is an exciting moment for GPE and education around the world,» said Ali- ce Albright, Managing Director of the GPE. «This funding conference will enable the GPE to achieve its objective: to become a $ 2 billion annual operation by 2020. At this level of financial resource mobilization, the GPE will have a much greater impact in providing a better education better quality for children around the world. » Ousmanne K. Touré Julia Gillard, Chairman of the Board of Directors EEDDUUFFOORRMMAAFFRRIQIQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZININEE EEDDITITIOIONN OOccttoobbeerr22001177 11


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NEWS COVERAGE c WORLD DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2018 Serious learning crisis in global education, revealed Warning! Millions of young students in low- and middle-income countries face the prospect of losing opportunities and lower wages in later life because their primary and secondary schools have not educated them to succeed in life, this is the warning given by the World Bank’s World Development Report 2018: «Learning to fulfill the promise of education». A new report arguing that without learning, schooling is not just a missed opportunity, but also a big injustice for children and young people around the world. This is a warning about «a learning crisis». A serious crisis that takes its full extent when one realizes that even after several years in school, millions of children cannot read, write 12 EEDDUUFFOORRMMAAFFRRIIQQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZIINNEE EEDDIITTIIOONN OOccttoobbeerr22001177 or do basic calculations. A learning crisis that unfortunately widens social gaps instead of reducing them. 


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NEWS COVERAGE Here, young students who, already disadvantaged by poverty, conflict, gender or disability, reach adulthood without even the most basic life skills. But the 2018 World Development Report: «Learning to Deliver the Promise of Education» argues that without learning, education will fail to live up to its promises to eradicate extreme poverty and create shared opportunities and prosperity for all. It is therefore fitting that World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim will speak of this learning crisis as a moral and economic crisis. Indeed, «when it is well, education promises youth employment, better earnings, good health and a life without poverty. For communities, education stimulates innovation, strengthens institutions and promotes social cohesion. But these benefits depend on learning. Schooling without learning is a wasted opportunity. More than that, it is a great injustice: the children whose societies fail most are those who most need a good education to succeed in life «lamented the President. According to the report, when third grade students in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda were recently asked to read in English or Swahili a phrase such as «the dog’s name is Fido», three quarters did not understand what that meant. In the Indian countryside, nearly three-quarters of Grade 3 students could not do a twodigit subtraction as in «46-17». In fifth grade, half were still unable to do so. Although the skills of Brazilians aged 15 have improved, given their current rate of change, they will not reach the average mathematics score of rich countries before age 75, and it will take 263 years for reading. Even though these figures do not take into account the 260 million children who, because of conflict, discrimination, disability and other obstacles, are not enrolled in either primary or secondary education. Although not all developing countries display such depressing results, many are far behind what they want. International benchmarking assessments for reading, numeracy and writing show that the average student’s scores in a poor country are lower than those in 95% of students in high-income countries - which means that such a student would be admitted to a refresher program in a high-income country. Many students performing excellently in some middle-income countries - boys and girls in the top quartile of their cohort - would be in the lowest quartile of students in a richer country. In light of all of the above, the report recommends concrete policy measures to help developing countries address this serious learning crisis in the areas of stronger learning assessments, using evidence of what works and what which is not used to guide educational decision-making; and mobilize a strong social movement to push for educational change that promotes «learning for all». Brice ASKY EEDDUUFFOORRMMAAFFRRIIQQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZIINNEE EEDDIITTIIOONN OOccttoobbeerr22001177 1133


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NEWS COVERAGE c AFRICAN DAY OF TECHNOLOGY AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY The 18th edition celebrated this year «Intellectual Property and Youth Employment» is the theme of celebration. Through this choice, the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI) wants to encourage inventive activity in young people and put a special emphasis on the impact of intellectual property management in the social development of young people. The official events of the celebration of this 18th edition were in Yaoundé, Cameroon, Wednesday, September 13, 2017, but preceded by the 7th edition of the African Exhibition of Invention and Technological Innovation (SAIIT) organized by the institution. On September 13 each year, the African community celebrates the African Day of Technology and Intellectual Property. Established in 1999, more specifically on July 14, 1999 in Algiers, by the conference of the Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the African Union, during its 35th ordinary session, this day allows the States, the civil society and development 14 EEDDUUFFOORRMMAAFFRRIIQQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZIINNEE EEDDIITTIIOONN OOccttoobbeerr22001177 partners, to analyze policies, strategies and practices involving IP and technology with a view to diversifying the economy and decent jobs. A celebration that ultimately aims to encourage Africans to protect and secure their creations by recognizing their intellectual property rights. 


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ÂÂ NEWS COVERAGE CELEBRATING THE 18TH AFRICA TECHNOLOGY AND ting organization of the For the Organization, the choice of the theme «Intellectual Property and Youth Employment» of the celebration is explained by the strong link between Intellectual Property and job creation. Indeed, many studies have shown that young people are increasingly involved in intellectual property assets. These assets are at the origin of the creation of numerous companies of production, export, distribution and contribute to the economic growth of the States, the creation of wealth and jobs. This is observed in most developed and emerging countries. The population of our country INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY DAY, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 2017 WAS IN YAOUNDÉ, CAMEROON, TO RAISE PUBLIC AWARENESS OF HOW INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AFFECT PEOPLE’S LIVES DAILY; ENCOURAGE CREATORS TO PROTECT AND EXPLOIT THEIR WORKS; CELEBRATE CREATIVITY AND THE CONTRIBUTION OF CREATORS AND INNOVATORS TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIETY; TO INCREASE UNDERSTANDING OF HOW THE PROTECTION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS PROMOTES THE PROMOTION OF CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION; AND TO RAISE AWARENESS OF THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS MISSIONS...» celebration in the Member States. Celebrating the 18th Africa Technology and Intellectual Property Day, Wednesday, September 13, 2017 was in Yaoundé, Cameroon, to raise public awareness of how industrial property rights affect people’s lives daily; encourage creators to protect and exploit their works; celebrate creativity and the contribution of creators and innovators to the development of society; to increase understanding of how the protection of intel- is largely made up of young lectual property rights people who are able to create, innovate and use the Intellectual Property system promotes the promotion of creativity and innovation; and to raise awareness of the to create jobs. Organization and its missions. Therefore, the governments of member countries must make job creation a priority and encourage any initiative towards the use of Intellectual Property, as new captains of industries of the « Silicon Valley «who built their businesses around the assets of industrial property. Through this celebration, it is a question of informing on the technological innovations, to sensitize to the protection of the creations and to induce the young people to more creativity. It also involves establishing the link between intellectual property and job creation and demonstrating the economic value of valuing intellectual property assets in the process of creating jobs and wealth. This day, celebrated variously each year, took on a particular importance from 2009 when, at the initiative of the General Management, the Board of Directors, by its resolution n ° 47/9 of 17/12/2007 approved the formula of the solemn and rota- The activities were the organization of an open day for information and public awareness. It will be marked by exhibitions of inventions made by young people who are in a dynamic of business creation, and therefore of jobs and wealth. The conference-debate on the theme «Intellectual Property and Youth Employment» in the OAPI auditorium with the participation of inventors who have created companies from patents and competitions with many prizes to win These activities were preceded by the organization by OAPI, from April 17th to 21st, 2018, in Cotonou, Benin, the 7th edition of the African Exhibition of Invention and Technological Innovation (SAIIT). Recall for all intents and purposes that September 13, African Technology Day and Intellectual Property is also the anniversary date of OAPI. A double event, namely the 55th anniversary this year of the pan-African institution. Steeves Pake GODSON EEDDUUFFOORRMMAAFFRRIIQQUUEEMMAAGGAAZZIINNEE EEDDIITTIIOONN OOccttoobbeerr22001177 1155



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