Kid's Imagination Train

 

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Jan-Feb 2018

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Kid's Imagination Train January/February 2018 Volume 6 Issue 1 Click on the link to hop aboard! Come read, learn, and draw! http://kidsimaginationtrain.com

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January/February 2018 Volume 6 Issue 1 ISSN 2333-987X Editor-in-Chief: Randi Lynn Mrvos Book Reviewer: Anjali Amit Illustrator: Denise Woodward Voiceover Artist: Sharon Olivia Blumberg Promotion Manager: Regina Montana Editorial Offices: All across the United States Publishing Office: 4637 Spring Creek Drive Lexington, KY 40515 Mission Statement: Welcome to the Kid's Imagination Train, where children can take the journey of reading in a brand-new way. KIT offers book reviews, fiction, poetry, and nonfiction for kids ages 5 - 12. It’s unique in that it engages children by providing them the opportunity to illustrate their favorite features and to have their pictures published online. We invite you to read, to learn, and to draw! Kid's Imagination Train http://kidsimaginationtrain.com

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Acknowledgements The staff of Kid’s Imagination Train wishes to thank Amaya, Bethany, Claudeona, Eduardo, Kairon, Mathilda, and Mikey for their spectacular shark drawings.

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CONTENTS Volume 6 Issue 1 3 - 5…Nonfiction Ribbit! by: Joyce Wold 6 - 7…Nonfiction Not All Sharks Bite Their Meals by: Guy Belleranti 8 - 9 …Book Review Pattan’s Pumpkin by: Anjali Amit 10…Lesson Plan and Activity: Metaphors by: Randi Lynn Mrvos 11…Connect the Dots by: Hannah and Maria Miller 12 - 13 …Sudoku puzzle by: Evelyn B. Christensen 14 - 16 …Sponsors

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RIBBIT! Have you ever gone exploring for tadpoles or frogs? Jaclyn Olson leads school kids on an exploration for these fascinating creatures. She is a naturalist. A naturalist is a person who has learned all about nature and teaches others, too. “We're headed for the pond,” Jaclyn says. “We must be quiet as we don't want to scare the frogs.” Jaclyn passes out long-handled nets. She says, “Scoop these into the water. See if you can catch a tadpole or a frog.” Scoop. Scoop. “Seaweed!” Scoop. “I caught a fish!” Scoop. “I think I caught a tadpole!” “Next, scoop what you've caught with a spoon and put it into a cup filled with water. Look very closely at it. Then pour it into the aquatic viewer. You will see what you've caught magnified,” Jaclyn coaches the group. Soon everyone gets to see a real live tadpole swim before their eyes in the aquatic viewer. But sadly, no frog. Here's the scoop on tadpoles and frogs: Frogs lay tiny eggs in water. One egg consists of a jelly-like clear substance and a yellow yolk. Inside the yellow yolk is a dark spot. That dark spot grows into a tadpole. 3

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When the tadpole is big enough, it breaks out of its egg. It breathes with gills, which look like ruffled flaps on both sides of its head. The gills take air out of the water. The tadpole feeds on tiny water plants called algae. Soon the tadpole sheds its tail, loses its gills, grows legs and teeth, and develops lungs. Changing to a frog takes about three months, and is called a metamorphosis. The frog now climbs out of the water and lives on land. It changes its diet from algae to worms and insects. Because it is capable of living on land and in water, the frog is called an amphibian. Amphibian comes from a Greek word meaning “two lives.” Frogs' large, round eyeballs are perfect for seeing tiny insects. Long sticky tongues help to capture fast-moving flies. Webbed feet make them excellent swimmers as well as superb leapers. Frogs are cold-blooded, meaning their temperature changes with the outside temperature. Ribbit! Ribbit! Do you know how this sound is made? Male frogs pull air into a sac under their chin. It looks like a blown-up balloon. As they force air out of this “balloon,” air rushes over the vocal cords making them vibrate. Frogs don't drink water like we do. Their skin is permeable. That means water passes right through their skin! Frogs hibernate during the winter, usually in mud at the bottom of a pond. When spring arrives, they wake up and the life cycle begins again. As the kids learn about amphibians, they continue to scoop their nets into the water. “I caught a frog!” A boy holds up his net. Ribbit! 4

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Frog Sounds Jaclyn plays sounds of different frogs. A green frog sounds like a rubber band being plucked. A bull frog gives a “jagrum” sound. Chorus frogs sound like creaking doors. Frog and Fly Game Start out setting boundaries on a good size location, such as a yard or a gym. Two kids are the frogs. They stand in the middle of the squared-off area. The rest of the kids are flies and they stand in a line facing the frogs. Frogs say, “You may cross the pond if you're wearing the color...pink.” If a kid is wearing pink, she runs to the other side trying to avoid being caught by frogs. If she gets caught, she becomes a frog. Frogs continue calling out different colors. But if the frogs say, “You may cross the pond if you're wearing...rainbow,” then all the flies run to the other side. When one fly remains uncaught, he/she wins! Written by: Joyce Wold Pictures courtesy: Jacklyn Olson 5

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Not All Sharks Bite Their Meals Sharks can have needle-like teeth for gripping, plate-like teeth for crushing, or sharp, serrated teeth for tearing. But did you know that the whale shark, basking shark and megamouth shark have teeth so small that they catch their meals another way? This way is called filter-feeding. Filter-feeding animals bring water into their mouths and then filter the food from the water. What kind of filter do Art by: Amaya these three sharks have in their mouths? Their gills. The gills have bristle-like sections called gill rakers. The gill rakers catch the food while the water continues out through the gills and back into the ocean. Art by: Bethany And guess what – the shark captures oxygen to breathe at the same time. You see, all fish breathe by bringing water into their mouths and then forcing it out through their gills. As the water passes over the fish’s gills, dissolved oxygen in the water passes into the gills’ many blood vessels. The blood then carries the oxygen to other parts of the body. Art by: Claudeona But what about the filtered food? What kind of food do whale sharks, basking sharks and megamouth sharks eat? Plankton. Art by: Eduardo Plankton is the tiny plants and animals that drift with the water current such as algae, fish eggs, larvae, shrimp-like crustaceans called krill, and small jellyfish. These sharks also catch and swallow many small fish and occasionally small squid. Art by: Kairon 6

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Art by: Mathilda The whale shark is the largest shark and largest fish in the world. It has light-colored spots among the stripes on its back. Each whale shark’s spot pattern is slightly different from another’s, just like each person’s fingerprints are different. It takes a lot of food to feed this filter-feeding shark. Some whale sharks grow more than 40 feet long. That’s the size of a school bus and twice the size of a great white shark! Its mouth is five feet wide. That might be as big as you are tall. The basking shark isn’t quite as big as the whale shark. However, it is large enough to be the second biggest fish in the world. Why is it called “basking” shark? This shark often appears to be resting happily “or basking” near sunlit ocean surfaces. In reality, the shark is swimming slowly with its mouth wide open so water and food can come in and pass over its gills. The whale shark sometimes eats like this, too. However, both the whale shark and the megamouth shark often take a more active part and suck water into their mouths. And speaking of the megamouth shark, how big is it? It’s smaller than both the whale shark and basking shark, but it’s still a big fish. The largest measured megamouth shark was 18 feet long. This shark is very rare. It wasn’t even discovered until 1976. It’s called “megamouth” shark because its big mouth is over four feet wide. The megamouth shark also has special organs inside its mouth that illuminate or light up. This might help it draw small prey closer to suck in and swallow. Art by: Mikey We’ve learned a bit about three big sharks that have small teeth. They do not use their teeth to catch or bite prey. All three get their meals by filter-feeding. Written by: Guy Belleranti 7

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Book Review Pattan's Pumpkin 8

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"Pattan had to climb on the elephant to check on the pumpkin." A pumpkin taller than an elephant? An instant child-pleaser. Chitra Soundar's word pictures are evocative: "The pumpkin grew a little every day. 'The goats can’t reach it now,' said Kanni. The pumpkin had grown taller than the fence. It was fatter than the pigs. It grew some more. Pattan had to climb on the elephants to check the pumpkin." This is a flood story with a twist. The 'ark' is a pumpkin large enough to accommodate Pattan, his wife Kanni, all the animals of the village, and all the bags of seed and grains. Why a pumpkin? Because Pattan did not have advance warning of the flood. One day ..."dark clouds gathered. Rain crashed against the rocks in fury. Pattan was afraid the rain would wash away his hut." What was he to do? The pumpkin glowed bright in a flash of lightning. Can you guess at Pattan’s solution, dear reader? Frané Lessac's wonderfully detailed illustrations add depth and richness to the story. Jeweled blues and emerald greens. The mighty elephant dwarfed by the pumpkin. Kanni asleep, her mouth wide open. The blue of the raindrops on the orange pumpkin. Animals, (elephants too!), on a delicate vine assembly-line carting out the pumpkin flesh. The background changes from bright skies to clouded darkness, to the purpling mountains, to bright skies again. From one hut in the foothills to a flourishing village, the story comes full circle. A most satisfying ending. This is a book that belongs in all libraries and book collections. Title: Pattan's Pumpkin Author: Chitra Soundar Illustrator: Frané Lessac Publisher: Otter-Barry Books Hardback: 32 pages ISBN: 978-1-91095-944-2 Reviewed by: Anjali Amit http://bookreviewsgalore.com/ 9

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Lesson Plan: Metaphors Like similes, metaphors are used in poems or in stories make a comparison between two unlike things. Metaphors however, make these comparisons without using like or as. For instance, a simile would read: The cookie is as hard as a rock. A metaphor would read: The cookie is a rock. To write a metaphor, choose a noun. What different thing can you compare it to? Let’s use the words umbrella and roof. The metaphor would read: The umbrella is a roof over my head. Lesson Plan Activity: Chalk Metaphors Materials: Chalk, noun and metaphor lists Directions: 1. Draw pictures of the following words with chalk on a sidewalk: sun, waterfall, clouds, spider web, butterfly, kitten, birthday presents, rainbow, snowflake, a beach. 2. Match the metaphors listed below with the chalk pictures. 3. Write the complete sentence under the drawings. The___ is a big yellow ball. The___ is a sandy playground. The___ is a delicate net. The___ is a bundle of softness. The___ are hidden surprises. The___ is a painting with wings. The___ is a present from heaven. The___ is a river of tears. The___ is a ribbon of colors. The___ are fluffy cotton balls. 4. Think of more nouns, draw them and write metaphors underneath them. Suggested reading: Poem-making: Ways to Begin Writing Poetry by Myra Livingston How to Write Poetry by Paul Janeczko A Art by: Abby 10

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Connect the Dots Connect the dots: by Hannah and Marie Miller 11

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STORIES SUDOKU Stories are wonderful, because they can take you, in your imagination, to any place or time and you can have all kinds of adventures. It’s fun both to read stories and to write them. Fill in the squares so that each row, column, and 7-square section has the letters S-T-O-R-I-E-S (2 S’s in each). R S IOS TO I S E IT RS SS E O T S ESR OS SR E I ESST Created by Evelyn B. Christensen 12

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Stories Sudoku Answer 13

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