Ergonomics worksheets

 

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Ergonomics Project Ergonomics Project- Eng5
 1 av 19 Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics Project Ergonomics 1. Introduction Vocabulary: Answer the questions on Introduction to Ergonomics 2. Human Capabilities Vocabulary: Answer the questions on Human Capabilities 3. Job Demands Vocabulary: Answer the questions on Job Demands 4. Balance Vocabulary: Answer the questions on Balance 5. Stress Vocabulary: Answer the questions on Stress 6. Prevention Vocabulary: Answer the questions on Prevention 2 av 19 1 3 3 4 5 5 6 7 7 8 10 10 12 15 15 16 17 17 19 Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics 1. Introduction Project 3 av 19 Ergonomics is a science that matches work to the worker. Poor ergonomic conditions at work, home, school, or play can negatively affect our health. Ergonomics literally means "laws of work." The word ergonomics is made up of two Greek words: "Ergos" meaning "work" and "Nomos" meaning "laws." These "laws" of work are simple: Your physical capabilities must match the demands of the task you are doing. When this matching is in balance, it helps us stay healthy. Poor ergonomic conditions at work, home, school, or play can negatively affect our health. Vocabulary: Translate the words below into Swedish (or explain in English) English translation/ explanation Ergonomics science matches Poor conditions negatively affect health. literally physical capabilities match demands task in balance Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics Project Answer the questions on Introduction to Ergonomics 4 av 19 What is Ergonomics? ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What can poor working conditions do to your health? _____________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What is the literal maening of ”ergonomics”? ____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ How can ergonomics help you stay healty? _____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ …..
 Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics 2. Human Capabilities Project When determining the physical capabilities of a person, several factors must be taken into account. These include: • Physical fitness, • Age, • Size (height, weight, body dimensions), • Psychosocial (Level of fatigue, mood, and stress), and • Gender Vocabulary: Translate the words below into Swedish (or explain in English) English translation/ explanation human capabilities determine capabilities several factors take into account include fitness age size height weight body dimensions fatigue mood Teacher: Henrika Florén 5 av 19

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Ergonomics English gender Project translation/ explanation 6 av 19 Answer the questions on Human Capabilities What do you need to think about when you figure out your (or someone elses) physical capabilities? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ …..
 Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics 3. Job Demands Project Job demands are determined by examining five major characteristics of a job. These are: Force - The amount of physical effort exerted (lifting, pushing, pulling, etc.). Posture - the position of the body. Good posture places the body's structures (bones, ligaments, muscles) in positions to handle the most stress, and to ensure that tasks that require more force are completed by largest muscle groups Repetition - Refers to the number of times a particular task must be completed Environmental Conditions - such as being exposed to vibration, heat, or cold. Time - which could refer to how long it takes a person to perform 1 task once, or it could refer to how long the worker's day is. As a worker becomes exposed to more of these factors while completing a given task, their likelihood of exceeding their physical capabilities exponentially increase. Vocabulary: Translate the words below into Swedish (or explain in English) English demands examine translation/ explanation Teacher: Henrika Florén 7 av 19

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Ergonomics English major characteristics force posture position ensure task require complete muscle group number of times particular environmental conditions expose to vibration refer to perform a task once become exposed while exceede exponetially increase Project translation/ explanation 8 av 19 Answer the questions on Job Demands How do you determine what a job requires (demands) of you? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics Project 9 av 19 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What can cause problems for you when working at a certain task? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ …..
 Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics 4. Balance Project 10 av 19 Once human capabilities and job demands are analyzed, these factors need to be weighed against each other to determine the most appropriate solution for the individual. Our bodies experience strain when the demands of our work exceed our capabilities. Prolonged strain results in pain and injury which may cause impairment and disability. Other aspects of matching worker capabilities to job demands include cognitive, perceptual, and motor skill capabilities. Lack of Balance Injury is the result of imbalance between job demands and human capabilities. Injuries tend to progress in stages: • The first indication of stress on the body is local muscle fatigue and soreness. • As we continue doing the same tasks, the pain progresses into aching, tiredness, loss of sleep, and difficulty in moving the body parts affected. • As the pain becomes an injury, we may not be able to do the work we normally do. When you experience aches and pains from performing tasks, you should seek medical attention. Vocabulary: Translate the words below into Swedish (or explain in English) English human capabilities job demands analyzed translation/ explanation Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics English weighed against most appropriate solution experience strain exceed capabilities prolonged strain injury cause impairment disability aspects of matching worker capabilities job demands include cognitive perceptual motor skill lack of imbalance tend to progress indication local muscle fatigue soreness ache loss of slepp affected Project translation/ explanation Teacher: Henrika Florén 11 av 19

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Ergonomics Project English translation/ explanation seek medical attention 12 av 19 Answer the questions on Balance When does your body become strained? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What can strain that goes on for a long time do to your body? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What more than physical fitness do you need to think about for a worker’s capabilities? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics Project 13 av 19 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What causes injury? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ What stages does an injury go through? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ When should you go to the doctor? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics Project 14 av 19 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ …..
 Teacher: Henrika Florén

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Ergonomics 5. Stress Project 15 av 19 Sometimes stress can be a contributor to worsening the pain we can feel from poor ergonomic conditions. When our bodies are under stress, situations that would not normally cause muscle pain may cause injuries. Stress can come from school, personal or job pressures. These could be related to: • threat of violence, • peer pressure, • fear, • pressure to do well at school, • lack of job opportunities, • parental conflicts, • lack of exercise, and • changing world. When you are under stress everything seems to go wrong. That is true with ergonomics as well. Stress causes you to lose focus or concentration on your work, resulting in the use of poor postures and work techniques. Vocabulary: Translate the words below into Swedish (or explain in English) English translation/ explanation contributor worsening poor conditions cause injury pressure related to threat violence peer pressure fear lack of parental Teacher: Henrika Florén

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