Masonic Magazine Issue 4

 

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Spring / Summer 2014

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ISSN 2398-4597 The Spiral

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The Golden Spiral The Golden Spiral, often seen in nature, as in a nautilus shell, derives from subdivisions of a Golden Rectangle. At the heart of ancient Greek culture was a reverence for the harmony of the universe. Greek art, science and philosophy all reflected the attempt to replicate in human endeavours the symmetry and balance of nature. A guiding aesthetic principle of this desire was a mathematical proportion called the Golden Section. For the Greeks this proportion represented perfection, and it was sought in everything from the human figure to the relationship of individuals to society. The Golden Section is a way of dividing a line – or anything else – into two parts, so that the smaller part bears the same relationship to the larger as the larger does to the whole. Occurring in architecture (whether intended or not) at least since the ancient Egyptians, and fascinating to mathematicians even today, the proportion, or one of its derivate shapes, is displayed in a remarkable array of living things and has even been adapted to musical composition, in which time, instead of space, is subdivided. The Golden Section determined the proportions of the human body in classic Greek sculpture, for example, the navel divides the upper and lower parts of the body into two Golden Segments. In the form of the Golden Rectangle – a rectangle whose short side is to the long side as the long side is to the two sides combined – the magical proportion dictated the dimensions of Greek architecture. The Golden Rectangle remains a constant in Western art and to many people is one of the most pleasing forms in the modern world. A unique feature of the Golden Rectangle is that it can be divided by a single line into two parts, one a square, the other a smaller Golden Rectangle. If successively smaller rectangles are marked off within one another, and a curving line is drawn from the end of one dividing line to the next, a Golden Spiral is formed. Did the Greeks derive this graceful curl from their calculations – or did they or even earlier peoples first perceive it in the shape and form of living things? No one can answer with certainty. And yet the Golden Spiral is a motif frequently repeated in nature by leaves around a stem, seeds inside a flower, seashells, and even the unfurling branches of the Milky Way. Lodge Golden Spiral meets in London, NW2 2HR on a Sunday afternoon, eight times a year, in the months of January, February, March, May, June, September, October and November. For further information or to join e-mail: lodgegoldenspiral@talktalk.net

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Editorial Dear Brn., Spring has arisen from the good earth bearing the beginnings of life in its fashion of the promise of an everlasting pattern of life. At the beginning of the year the Board of General Purposes sent our Deputy Grand Master, Right Worshipful Bro. Roger Davis, DGM to meet with our French Partnership, Grande Loge Européenne de la Fraternité Universelle, Francais, to the Grand Lodge Meeting held in Paris, France. The Meeting was held in the prestigious Temple which belonged to the Grand Lodge Nationale Francais. This was a time of great pride for the Grande Européenne de la Fraternité Universelle to be able to work in such a prestigious Temple. More of this within this Magazine regarding Bro. Davis’s visit. Suffice to say we are proud to have been represented. History as always returning to a place where you knew by instinct we had been before. You will notice from the cover of this the first magazine of the year 2017 that it is of a Golden Spiral and marks in a similar way, the second Lodge in this The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women. The Golden Spiral is at the heart of ancient Greek culture depicting a reverence for the harmony of the universe. Freemasonry is considered to be derived from, in our history, the ancient Egyptians and Lodges depict the Gods and Goddesses of that fascinating Era. Freemasonry comes and goes in different forms but maintains its beliefs and ceremonies, which although now many seekers express that they have seen it all on the ‘web’, what you cannot give, say, or otherwise find on the ‘web’ is the manner in which a Lodge meeting carries with it something special. It is like the will of the wisp, the something happens with the sincerity of like minded people meeting together in a Masonic lodge; that something earns its expression to such words as commanderie or a special feeling unexpressed amongst its members, due to the preciousness of a moment, that which you cannot hold on to. This is Freemasonry and can be found across the world wherever Mason meets Mason. Let us be strong, keep it precious and maintain that friendship with each other which knows no bounds. During the end of the month over the May holiday, several Brethren from England, Greece and Bulgaria will be travelling to Sofia, Bulgaria to take part under the aegis of the Bulgaria Grand Lodge the Ceremony of the 31st degree. This ceremony is important as it teaches ‘Justitia’ and Equitas’ (Justice and Equity) and will be performed in Bulgaria for the first time. This degree is not historical but is of a judicial power of the higher degrees and has a full ceremonial ritual. It is an Administrative degree to which Brethren are invited to join as it cannot be chosen by the aspirant. In a typical Lodge, the Officers as they progress to a new position more often than not, find themselves strangely different, the view changes the thought process and the renewal of that situation occurs the time one works in the Lodge. This is a renewal of work and the teaching of Freemasonry which you find never stops the instruction and dedication to each move and is a constant reminder in our lives of the many changes we are required to make as our years move onwards. I hope that you, the reader will enjoy this particular copy of our Magazine as it reflects some of the other or higher degrees and also the work which is carried on with our Constitution and Rituals in our other Grand Lodges abroad. With Spring now gone it is a busy time for Freemasonry setting up the year ahead, with Initiations, Fellow Craft and Master Mason ceremonies as the Grand Master and Board of General Purposes wish all craft lodges and higher degree lodges a good Masonic summer. Fraternally, Jeanne Heaslewood, PGM. May 2017.

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PROFILE Most Worshipful Brother Val Coles, Past Grand Master Val Coles has spent the last 50 years providing assistance and help to a large number of Entered Apprentices, Fellowcraft Masons and Master Masons, whilst herself performing the important duties of Grand Master (2007 – 2010). Val, previously as Grand Secretary set up the Grand Lodge Office and furnished it with the most modern computer equipment; so necessary for the records of every member of the Grand Lodge. An energetic Mason who takes no prisoners, and expects that all members perform their utmost towards the meaning of Freemasonry, she demands the best from everything – that car !! that computer !!, that Grand Office !! from which the whole of the Order is organised and tabulated. She expects 100% from everything she does and expects it from the membership and invariably gets it. Since becoming the third Past Grand Master of the Order, Bro. Val as Grand Director of Ceremonies, has given assistance to Lodge D.Cs and has directed all the ceremonies which have occurred both in England, Bulgaria, Greece and Macedonia, and has assisted at the French Partnership, this always with skill and patience. What however, brought Val to become a Freemason? From an early age, Val had been a joiner, and had joined the Girl Guides and became a Sea Ranger and took part in the International Rally at the Royal Albert Hall in the 1950’s when she represented Middlesex West. Moving to adult activities, she went on to assist Brownies (7 – 11 year children) being a “Tawny Owl” and eventually to ”Brown Owl”. Providing children with lots of fun. In part of her work as the Leader of the Brownie Pack, she gained recognition and a Licence of Responsibility to take Brownies to camp. Val was also involved in assisting the first joint Ranger/Rover unit in the country. Starting out to work in the City she worked in the South Africa Bank and graduated to the Staff Department, then with her obvious talent went on to become the Deputy Bank Manager, a title given to the Manager of the computerised department, with printing machines and cheque book designs for Overseas Banks. Whilst working at that time she also was a great sportswoman and represented the South Africa Bank in the Hockey Team and took part in the Ladies’ Cricket Team as a serious activity. Along with her friend she met the members of Lodge Maat No.728 at a function and the experience was such that an immediate desire to join the Lodge saw Val going into Freemasonry with serious intent. This was the start of the 50 years of working towards the perfection of every role taken on in every degree of masonry; she trained to become the Director of Ceremonies both in the Lodge and then becoming a Master of Ceremonies in all the higher degrees. Always reaching for that further step of challenge. Val was one of the four 32nd degree masons expelled from International Co-Freemasonry, Le Droit Humain, British Federation; the cause of such was the determination to maintain the British Federation decree of a Belief in a Supreme Being-God. Immediately understanding the tasks of building the new Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women and becoming amongst the first Founders on 1st January, 2001. Val with precision and caution proceeded to put the finishing touches to what became The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women in 2001.

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What is it all about? The Partnership GLF4M&W with GLEFU GLEFU Grande Loge Européenne de la Fraternité Universelle “the Birth of various French National Groups of Freemasonry”. In 2013 coming together at a time when the GLEFU was at a low ebb and a number of masons who wish to work together formed a National Forum. Grand Lodge European Freemasonry Universal was born and a Partnership formed amongst the various French National Masonic Orders and so GLEFU was borne. It was agreed on two major events that the Grand Lodges would be required to agree, one to become a Partner in the beginning of the event. Two that if the partnership was to embrace Freemasonry for Men and Women, and at that time, GLF4M&W had been approached, then women must be accepted as equal members in the French counterpart Lodges. This was accepted that Brothers was the recognised approach, although use of the French language did not always succeed in the expression. The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women became one of the first Partners and Jeanne Heaslewood, Past Grand Master and the name of Ron Heaslewood is much known in France as a Past Grand Master of Flanders Region and during his active years the Grand Director of Grand Lodge National France. The sudden familiarity of the event changing a main stream Grand Lodge to a collection of dedicated masons was the inspiration for The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women to join the Partnership at the beginning of this Masonic adventure. The Past Grand Master and Grand Director of Ceremonies, Bro. Val Coles and Bro. Jeanne Heaslewood participated in the Lodge Magna Carta at Meaux and our Lodge Golden Spiral are to be officially twinned with Magna Carta Lodge and are looking forward to exchanging visits. In May, 2016, the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Supreme Council, The V.Ills Bro. Valerie Coles, 33rd degree accompanied by the Grand Secretary General, The V.Ills. Bro. Jeanne Heaslewood, 33rd degree attended a convent in order to assist with discussions on the Higher degrees and the various Rites used. This was a useful time spent with the many differing Orders of Freemasonry which were in the Partnership. In January, 2017, the Deputy Grand Master, R.W.Bro. Roger Davis, GLF4M&W was appointed as the representative of our Order and attended the Convent ‘Grand Lodge’ in Paris and presented a talk on the Emergence of the Moderns and the Role of the Royal Society. The GLEFU have given permission for Bro. Roger’s lecture to be printed within our Magazine. “The ultimate measure of a person is not where they stand in moments of comfort and convenience but where they stand in times of challenge and controversy.” Anon

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Grande Loge Européenne de la Fraternité Universelle, Grand Lodge Meeting on 7th January, 2017, Paris, France. ‘1717, the Emergence of the Moderns and the Role of the Royal Society’ It has long been accepted that 1717 was the year that Freemasonry, after centuries of obscurity, finally got itself organised. The earliest documents making reference to masons are mostly written in Latin or sometimes Norman. Extant documents include "sculptores lapidum liberorum" (London 1212), "magister lathomus liberarum petrarum" (Oxford 1391), and "mestre mason de franche peer" (Statute of Labourers 1351). These refer to workers in freestone, a fine-grained oolitic limestone suitable for ornamental masonry. In the 17th century building accounts of Wadham College, Oxford, the terms freemason and freestone mason were used interchangeably. “Freemason” also contrasts with "Rough Mason", as a highly skilled worker in dressed stone. The adjective "free" in this context may also be taken to infer that the mason is not enslaved or feudally bound. While this may be difficult to reconcile with medieval English masons, it apparently became important to some Scottish operative lodges. The earliest documented case of an initiation in England is that of Elias Ashmole in 1646. Ashmole was an Officer in the Army of King Charles I and later an alchemist and antiquarian. The first known attempt at a history of the Freemasons was in 1661, when the Royal Society proposed a history of all trade guilds, with Freemasonry being listed as one of the guilds. The task of preparing this History was given to Robert Moray, It is not known if he completed this project, possibly due to the Great Fire of London in 1666. 1717 was three years into the reign of King George I. It was a time when Britain was enduring a period of political, economic and religious instability. London was a city without sewers. Sickness and death were everyday events and the last execution for witchcraft in England had been just five years earlier. The country was extremely socially divided. While there was democracy of sorts it was not as we would know it and very few people had the right to vote. Much political power was passing from the Monarchy to Parliament and it was just four years before Britain had its first Prime Minister, Sir Robert Walpole. There is evidence to suggest that before the founding of the Grand Lodge there was suspicion within the newly empowered house of Hanover that, due to the fact that the majority of disparate Lodges were based in Scotland and the north of England and that London was almost an island of Freemasonry in the south, Freemasonry may be a hotbed of Jacobite sympathisers. Being so soon after the death of Queen Anne, the last Stuart monarch, this was seen as a threat to King George. This perceived threat posed a real danger to the growing body of Freemasons, particularly to the Londonbased Lodges. The concern by London Masons that Freemasonry might be banned by King George has been advanced as the reason why four London Lodges formed the first Grand Lodge in 1717, in order to convince the authorities of their loyalty to the Crown. No other substantial reason has been established for the creation of the new Grand Lodge. The formation of the Grand Lodge in London was aimed to produce an acceptable face of Freemasonry to the Hanoverian authorities. In 1721 the Duke of Montagu was chosen as Grand Master. From then until the present day, the Grand Master has always been of Noble or Royal birth. In this way the newly formed Grand Lodge of England was able to convince the Hanoverians of their loyalty, and that they were not a covert Jacobite organisation. The Premier Grand Lodge of England was founded on 24 June 1717, a date very likely chosen for being the Feast day of St. John the Baptist, as the Grand Lodge of London and Westminster, later calling itself the Grand Lodge of England. Convention calls it the “Premier Grand Lodge of England”

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to distinguish it from the “Most Ancient and Honourable Society of Free and Accepted Masons according to the Old Constitutions”, more usually referred to as the Ancient Grand Lodge of England, and the “Grand Lodge of All England Meeting at York”. The Premier Grand Lodge existed until 1813 when it united with the Ancient Grand Lodge of England to create the United Grand Lodge of England. The Premier Grand Lodge of England was the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world. The basic principles of the Grand Lodge of England were inspired by the ideal of tolerance and universal understanding of the Enlightenment and by the Scientific Revolution of the 17th Century. The early history of Grand Lodge is uncertain, since no minutes were taken until 1723. It is known that four lodges: The Goose and Gridiron, City of London, The Crown, Drury Lane, The Apple-Tree, Covent Garden, The Rummer and Grapes, Westminster (All four lodges were simply named after the public houses where they were accustomed to meet) held an assembly at the Goose and Gridiron (The name was a corruption, or parody, on the arms of the "Swan and Lyre," a musical society which also met at the ale-house) in St. Paul's Churchyard. They agreed to hold "Quarterly Communications", four meetings a year for the transaction of Masonic business, and an annual assembly to elect the next Grand Master. At this meeting they elected Anthony Sayer, Master of the lodge at the Apple Tree, of whom little else is known, and the Grand Lodge of London and Westminster was born. At this stage, it is unlikely that they saw themselves as anything more than an association of London lodges. This perception was to change very rapidly. Even in London, there were many lodges that never affiliated with the new Grand Lodge. These unaffiliated Masons and their Lodges were referred to as "Old Masons," or "St. John Masons", and "St. John Lodges". Nonetheless, the influence of the new Grand Lodge soon spread and the 1725 minutes mention lodges in ten provincial towns as far north as Manchester, with Provincial Grand Lodges in South Wales and the NorthWest of England. The next year, George Payne became Grand Master. He was a career civil servant with the commissioners of taxes. In 1719 John Theophilus Desaguliers, a clergyman, an eminent scientist, and a Fellow of the Royal Society, was elected. Payne, in his second term of office was the last commoner to serve as Grand Master when he wrote "The General Regulations of a Free Mason" which were later incorporated in the Constitutions. Desaguliers is often described as the "father" of modern freemasonry. It was Desaguliers who inscribed the dedication to Anderson's Constitutions, headed the committee which directed and approved them, and supplied the "Gothic Constitutions" from which they were formed. Although he only served one term as Grand Master, he was twice Deputy Grand Master under figurehead Grand Masters, and at other times behaved as if he was Grand Master, forming irregular lodges to conduct initiations. It seems to have been Desaguliers who insisted that ritual be remembered rather than written down, leading to a dearth of material on the development of English ritual until after the formation of United Grand Lodge. The Lodges of this period were markedly different to those we would recognise today. There was very little furniture or equipment as such. The Tracing Boards and symbolism of the Lodge were drawn on the floor in chalk or coal and were meticulously erased after the meeting lest the least trace of any letter, character or figure may become known to the uninitiated. The ceremonial portions of Lodge meetings appear to have been quite brief with more emphasis placed on conviviality and refreshment. The fact that several leading members of the newly formed Grand Lodge were members of the Royal Society is indicative of the importance of the part that the Royal Society played in this venture Royal Society appears to have begun in the mid-1640s as an “invisible college”, a group of philosophers and scientists who met to discuss the works of leading scientific figures of the day (bearing in mind that science at the time included such subjects as astrology and alchemy). By 1660 the Royal Society had became a more ‘visible’ and exoteric body. Two of its original members, Sir Robert Moray and Elias Ashmole, were already Freemasons by the time the Royal Society was formed.

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As membership of Masonic lodges grew after 1717, Freemasonry seems to have been attractive to other Fellows of the Royal Society. Several were closely involved in promoting new lodges and developing the constitutional basis of the new Grand Lodge. Early lodges were sometimes a forum for lectures on scientific subjects. Desaguliers was both an important publicist for Newton’s scientific ideas and a leading Freemason. By the end of the 1700s, particularly during the long Presidency of Sir Joseph Banks, himself a Freemason, membership of the Royal Society had become a mix of working scientists and wealthy amateurs who were potential patrons and could help finance scientific research at a time before the government considered doing so itself. Several of these patrons were also freemasons and would have met with scientists both at meetings of the Royal Society and in lodges. As the science developed in the nineteenth century, Fellows began to be elected solely on the merit of their scientific work. New types of science developed and science education expanded with the growth of university science degrees and medical schools. Freemasonry attracted these scientist Fellows often in the growing number of new lodges whose membership was drawn from particular universities, hospitals or other specialist groups. From these small beginnings the Premier Grand Lodge of England and its subsequent merger with the Ancients in 1813 spawned a worldwide, world class organisation with a membership numbering millions. Of course, with UGLE and its district Grand Lodges around the world restricting membership to men only it was inevitable that many other Grand Lodges would be formed, such as the ones we represent, who admit men and women on equal terms. Annie Besant brought French mixed masonry to England in 1902. This led, by a most circuitous route, to the formation of The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women in 2001 and we are delighted and proud to share this celebration with you today. R.W.Bro. Roger Davis, DGM., represented GLF4M&W, Gt. Britain, as Grand Junior Warden in the composite team especially formed for this special meeting on 7th January, 2017, at the Grand Lodge Meeting of GLEFU, Paris, France. What is the secret of Masonry? The secret of Masonry, like the secret of life, can be known only by those who strictly serve it and live it. It cannot be altered; it can only be felt and acted. It is in fact, an open secret and each man knows it according to his quest and capacity. Like all things worth knowing, no one can know it for another and no man can know it alone.

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Lodge Golden Spiral No.2 of The Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women, Great Britain. Golden Spiral is based in North London and is a thriving Lodge of Men and Women, meeting eight times a year. Each year, a new Worshipful Master is chosen and for the year 2017-18 Minnie Arslan has been Installed in the Chair of King Solomon. Minnie is Managing Director of a thriving cleaning and laundry company is involved in the local business societies and charities. Her company serves a large number of hotels around the city, West End and London generally, but she finds time for her family of which she has two boys who were school age when Minnie commenced Freemasonry and are engaged in assisting with the business as well as the Public Relations venture. Her large circle of friends are international and can be found in the Turkish community. An astonishing lady who works seven days a week and has lived in England for 30 years but finds the time for her Lodge and her work and loyalty to Freemasonry is to be admired. On the 23rd March, Val Coles and Jeanne Heaslewood, both of the Lodge Golden Spiral had been invited by ‘Minnie’ to be her guests at the Ceremony of the ‘Freedom of the City of London’. It was a special occasion with all of Minnie’s family. We represented the Lodge and were honoured by the dignity of the Ceremony. The document which every Freeman receives was inscribed with the Declaration of the City and an explanation was given to Minnie and the guests. Minnie being a person who brings everyone into the life of the family, the lodge, her work in the community was excited at having the prospect of taking sheep over London Bridge, which as a Freeman of the City and Freemason, she embraced without a flinch.

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The Grand Lodge Board of Charity and Benevolence. The question asked by young Masons is often “Why have a Board of Charity and Benevolence in a Grand Lodge of Freemasonry, when in the Lodges, the Widow’s Trunk, as is the initiate name for the collection given within a Lodge in the “GLF4M&W”. The Collection taken in Lodge Meetings is given to look after and support the Brother who is ill or fallen on a difficult situation and that needs a helping hand at the right time. Only at the right time will the Lodge Almoner know this. The Collection is given with that in mind and should be the only collection taken in Lodge. No other collection is provided for within the ritual; therefore a second collection can only be a one-off and must be on the Agenda for a certain reason. The Lodge being responsible for its brethren, it is meant that the Grand Lodge looks further afield to carry out the Charity work as is considered by all Grand Lodges. What does this mean and how does it take place? Donations to the cause of the Board of Charity and Benevolence are directly given to a wider cause of suffering poverty, assistance to education for young persons. The collection at Grand Lodge is a direct contribution to the coffers of the Board of Charity and Benevolence, also collections by Lodges and individuals is the manner in which monies are raised for the wider charity of Freemasonry and this is why placing your gift of monies at Grand Lodge are directly used for outside charities, education for young persons, and causes of a wide nature subject to the cause of future registering with the Charity Commission. Whilst saving for the amount banked to be in the position of seeking Charity Status, it must also be shown that during the intervening time, monies have been given with just cause and to comply with the demands of the Charity Commission and this the Board are striving strictly to carry out. How is the Board composed, simply following the Constitution which was laid down by a Charity Lawyer for the Grand Lodge, as preparation for this to be constitutionally and legally correct. As a time goes by the application for recognition will be in accordance with any new laws, and will inevitably desire changes to our Charity Constitution and will be considered and updated. In the meantime, during this year, I am pleased to submit the report that as Chairman of the Board of Charity and Benevolence, we have taken part in raising funds for the appeal of the Macmillan Nurses, funded by the usual coffee morning and are grateful to the Elderly persons home who took part in achieving with our Chairman of the Board holding a coffee morning for this purpose. A further worthy grant in accordance with the Board’s Constitution was awarded to send a team of young students representing King’s College, University of London, in order to take part in the 3rd edition of the Consensual Dispute Resolution Competition. The aim to promoting alternative dispute resolution amongst young professionals. The goal of the event is to present mediation and negotiation in comparisons with any adversary proceedings. The event gathers 30 teams and 60 professionals from all over the world providing the students with a unique opportunity. (for further information on the project, go to http://www.cdrcvienna.org/ ). Our Board of Charity and Benevolence is very proud to be one of the organisations to provide a grant towards the group who have to raise the funds to attend this important student function, partly under our banner. King’s College will receive feedback from the eminent professionals from all over the world. The Members of the Board are an Executive Chairman, a Executive Secretary who is required to be a lawyer, a bookkeeper and the Board is enabled to seek members from outside the Order to represent a wide range of Charitable Experts. Each lodge is required to appoint a Charity Steward for three years to represent the Lodge and carry out the duties as given in the Constitution. Ex-officio Officers are the Grand Master, the Grand Secretary and Past Grand Masters. The Board is totally reliable upon the charitable concepts of Freemasonry and look to individuals, Lodges and events to raise funds for the objects of the Constitution and to enable the Board of Charity and Benevolence to apply for Charity Commission Status. Chairman. V.W.Bro.Elizabeth Adebutu-Kesington

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Why ‘Brother’ Freemasonry has always been known as a fraternity amongst the brethren from time immemorial and the brethren are each known as ‘Brother’ in the spiritual sense; it is not intended to represent gender. Where, though, does the word come from? The word ‘Brother’ comes down to us from the Greek word ‘Phreater’ and from this word also comes ‘Fraternity’. It means ‘Brother’ and ‘Brotherhood’ and refers to a group of like-minded people, not just to one’s siblings. In Freemasonry we address each other as ‘brother’ because we are part of a ‘Fraternity’ or ‘Brotherhood’: we are, in effect, all Brothers of Our Master, known to some as Hiram Abif. Throughout all ages then, Freemasons have been immemorially called ‘Brother‘ and collectively known as a fraternity. It is said that in the ancient Guilds of stonemasons and other workers, the members called each other ‘Brother’ and, in some instances where females were also admitted, ‘Sister’. Both terms have long been commonly in use in Trades Unions. Even in ancient China there existed a secret society known as ‘the Brotherhood of Heaven and Earth’. Early Rosicrucians were known to each other as ‘Frater’ and their teachers as ‘Father’. In all these instances, there is the allusion to ‘family’ and familial groups. Historically, the words ‘Frater’ and ‘Brother’ were terms commonly used in monastic institutions and also by the Knights Templar. The ‘Poor Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon’ to give them their proper title, also called each other ‘Frere’, the French term for ‘Brother’. Interestingly, there were cases of women being admitted into the Templars, but only in the very lower orders of the group and in its early years: the ‘Fighting Monks’ themselves were all men. In Freemasonry this term applies to not just Male Masons, but to Orders of Women only and to Orders like the one we belong to, which admit both Men and Women. The synonym of ‘Fraternise’ is a circle ‘being associated in a congenial way with friends of both brothers and sisters.’ Freemasonry since the early days of men and women meeting together in a Lodge of masons have used the expression Brother to reflect symbolically, and spiritually, the equality of men and women and the word is not intended to represent gender in a fraternity of freemasons. In the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women we have higher degrees above the Craft and in these degrees we have Knights, Companions, and other styles of address that reflect the office held by either man or women to be symbolically represented for the same reason as does the Craft with ‘Brother’. Thus our Order acknowledges the equality of men and women, and for Craft Masonry use Brother in the same way as Knight, Companions and Comrades within our other ceremonies. It is therefore acceptable to use Brother to universally represent the men and women in our Masonic work. This remains the case within all our ceremonies. But consider this; in the Craft we have the form of address used from ‘Brother Inner Guard’ all the way up to and including ‘Brother Senior Warden’, but when it comes to the Master of the Lodge we do not address this personage as ‘Brother Worshipful Master’ but ‘Worshipful Brother’. Thus reflects the higher authority of the W.M. being the elected ‘leader’ of the Lodge for a year and who has been installed into the position by Past Masters. R.W.Bro.Peter Rendall, SGW.

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THE PIONEER LODGE The origin of a Pioneer was given as of 1817. America did not have pioneers until the nineteenth century, or rather, for the fist two centuries of English speaking North America, the word pioneers meant something quite different to "people who settled in the wilderness". In England and in the American colonies pioneer was a military term. Pioneers were labourers who went in advance of armies. They paved the way by clearing paths, building roads and digging trenches. In 1817 Timothy Dwight, writing about his travels in New England and New York said, "A considerable part of those who begin the cultivation of the wilderness may be denominated foresters or Pioneers". And so throughout the rest of that century as pioneers transformed the width of the continent into settled territory Pioneers in this sense are now historical or literary memories as in novels like Willa Cather's "O Pioneers!" (1913) we now apply the word to one who is first in discovery, exploration or achievement in any field, especially science and medicine. But recall the nineteenth century meaning with "pioneer days" in communities that were settled during a century of westward migration. As an introduction to Pioneer Lodges in our Freemasonry you could liken setting up a Pioneer Lodge to venture into the unknown or unclaimed territory to settle. Opening up new areas of thought, research or development. To the person who wishes to create a lodge and to those who join to blaze a trail, the pioneer spirit as a builder, contributor, creator and developer is one which will assist the Pioneer Lodge to flourish and become a Constituted, Warranted Lodge finally settled for the future of the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women. To our world of growth; Pioneers is the highest and most honourable sense of the word. (The motto of the Royal Pioneer Corps is "Labor Omnia Vincit" meaning work conquers all.). A motto truly worthy of the work which faces a Pioneer Lodge in an area where our Lodges for Men and Women are required to work until enough members are recruited or a call for a Pioneer Lodge where one has not existed before. It is sometimes a call for a new start and in doing so, opens up the territory fresh and open for stringent recruiting. A Clarion Call to restart with energy and purpose. Grand Secretary.

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GRAND LODGE MEETINGS PROTOCOL FOR GRAND LODGE MEETINGS All members of Grand Lodge are obliged to attend Grand Lodge Quarterly Communication Meetings. The members of Grand Lodge are the Grand Master, Past Grand Masters, the Grand Secretary, Grand Director of Ceremonies, all Grand Rank Officers, Grand Stewards, members of the Board of General Purposes, members of the Board of Charity and Benevolence, Past Grand Rank Officers, Past Worshipful Masters, Worshipful Master and Wardens in post of regular Lodges. Visitors below the rank of Installed Master are not generally admitted to Grand Lodge Meetings. Visitors of Grand Rank who have official business to attend our Grand Lodge, Installed Masters, Past Worshipful Masters and above, from any Recognised Regular Masonic Order by special agreement of the BGPs., may be admitted to Grand Lodge Meetings. The Grand Lodge Quarterly Communications meets four times a year to discuss propositions, changes required to the Constitution Rules, to also discuss the future works of the Order and ratify decisions made by the BGPs, during the interim period between Grand Lodge Meetings. Annual Grand Lodge Solstice Meetings. The annual meeting of Grand Lodge is Open for all degrees as a special annual meeting which is held on the last Sunday of June to celebrate the Solstice of summer and admits masons from Entered Apprentice degree upwards and may by special arrangement admit visitors from a Recognised Regular Order or Obedience. The dress code for Grand Lodge Meetings is Grand Lodge Dress Regalia or Undress Regalia if Past Grand Officers only have Undress, but Dress Regalia for all Grand Officers. For men, dark suits, white shirt and black tie and for the ladies of the Order, black trouser suit or black jacket, Calf or full length black skirt, white blouse, low heel shoes. The mode of jeans and other newer named types of ladies trousers is not acceptable. At the Grand Lodge Solstice Meetings it is usual to have refreshments such as tea, sandwiches and cakes similar to the repast at the Enthronement of the Grand Master (which is held every three years). Grand Secretary.

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Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women in Bulgaria. Inauguration 7th May, 2005 Speech to the Grand Master, TGLFM&W, Bulgaria on the occasion of the Celebration of Ten years. “Most Worshipful Grand Master, it is my great pleasure to bring the greetings of the Mother Grand Lodge, Great Britain and to address the brothers of your Grand Lodge on the occasion of the Celebration of Ten Years of Masonic Work. Your remarkable adventure into Freemasonry ten years ago must be marked by memories of that day. Answering the call for help to form a Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women in Bulgaria, the then Grand Master, MWBro. Jeanne Heaslewood discussed fully the implications of a Grand Lodge and the problems to face before this could be achieved. On the Continent, Immediate and Past Worshipful Masters of Craft Lodges were unknown, so the first hurdle to get over was to explain the organisation and methods of a Grand Lodge with respect to the situation of members previously belonging to the Obediences of Le Droit Humain and Greek Delphi. This was overcome by creating Past Masters with the signs and words of the Inner Working of the Installation Ceremonies as carried out by the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women and by United Grand Lodge of England and other recognised Orders. On the 7th May, 2005, the Grand Master together with the Past Grand Master Michael Westcott, the Grand Director of Ceremonies Bro. Val Coles and Grand Wardens, Audrey Westcott and Shirley Ellick, formed the Ceremonial Team, accompanied by delegates Betty Open, Christopher and Christine Vallely, Liz and Christopher Parker. Together, Grand Lodge Team and Delegates assisted to create the ceremonial procession into the Temple. The night before the team met a group of Polish Masonic brothers and spent an evening talking and working with them so that the ceremony for the next day was understood; at which we expected a small gathering of Bulgarian masons, who together would form three Lodges. On the evening before the great day, we wondered why the Bulgarian masons left us so suddenly, only to find out the next day, when we were taken to the Temple. The enthusiastic brethren had painted and decorated overnight the main Temple room. We were led into the new Temple in total darkness, then suddenly the lights showed us the wonderful work carried out during the night. Such hard work gave the start of your own premises. As the great day dawned, the Temple, housed for the Meeting in the building of the Hall of Marriages, seemed most appropriate for the ceremony of the two Grand Lodges. Entering the Temple we were greeted by a sea of faces, instead of three Lodges, a hundred or more masons were inside and greeted us by their attention to the procession and the beauty of the music. Bro Michael as he will always be remembered, had carried the large Grand Lodge Banner and the great Sword by plane; especially to bring to Bulgaria the ceremonial trappings of a Grand Lodge. Following the Opening by our Grand Master, it was noticed that cameras were placed around the room and a video of the work was in progress. So unusual that it took our breath away and the importance of it being there against the rules was lost in the joy and emotion of the brethren attending their first Meeting of the new Grand Lodge in Bulgaria. The Ongoing procession was greeted by the Bulgarian Television Company who had thought they had a right to be inside the Temple, but had to be happy with taking a film for the T.V. News of the procession coming out of the Temple.

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It is my great pleasure to be here today and to see the way in which the Grand Lodge has moved forward and to be with your Grand Master, and the original Grand Officers, who were both at that celebration as Deputy and Assistant Grand Masters and more recently your Past Grand Masters, who have served the Order so loyally. You have all surpassed the goals set for you as individuals and have created together not only the Grand Lodge to be proud of, but also set your Administrative Grand Conclave which is steadily moving forward and have already created the 4th, 14th, 18th and yesterday evening the 30th degree of Knights Kadosh; being Consecrated in Sofia, now adding this degree in the steady move towards its goal, the Grand Conclave of Bulgaria. I am intensively proud of the work you have all carried out and this could not have been achieved without the generous labour and support of all your members especially of the Board of General Purposes and each one of you working together as masons. It was to us, the Mother Grand Lodge, a wonderful experience ten years ago, to be with you to assist to create the Grand Lodge of Freemasonry for Men and Women in Bulgaria and to watch and help the growth of the Order to this day. Your achievements since that day in May, 2005 have been recorded and must now go forward to the future, carrying the torch of brotherhood and love, not only wherever you go but onwards into the future of the GLF4M&W in Bulgaria and wherever it touches the brotherhood in the world”. As delivered to the Special Grand Lodge celebration of Ten Years. Bringing Bulgaria up to date, May, 2017. Some 12 years later, the Bulgaria Grand Conclave moving nearer to its goal of a independent Grand Conclave from the 4th to the 33rd Degree, agreed to set up the 31st Degree Temple of Justice and Equity and the 33rd Degree Temple of the 33rd and last degree of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. The Temples beautifully decorated by the Bulgarian members were especially carried out in accord to the A. & A. Sc.Rite on Saturday 27th May, 2017, the following Knights Kadosh were advanced to the 31st degree; from England Kt. Elizabeth Adebutu-Kesington, Kt. Sheila Bedford, Kt. Roger Davis, and from Bulgaria, five knights were also advanced to the 31st degree. It is not usual in Bulgaria to be so free to discuss Freemasonry openly, therefore names are not given in this report. A formal dinner was held at the Arena di Serdica Hotel. All are congratulated to this important degree of Justice and Equity. On Sunday, 28th May, 2017, The Ills. Bro. Shirley Ellick, (Grand Master of the Grand Lodge) 32nd degree, Prince of the Royal Secret was admitted as an Honorific member of the 33rd degree. The V. Ills. Bro. Ellick is also the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge in England. Joining members of the Greek Order, previously obligated under other Grand Lodges, were regulated to membership of the Grand Conclave by repeating the Joining Obligation of the Grand Council of the 33rd degree . The Supreme Council met in the afternoon of the 28th May, 2017 and completed business and agreed the Agenda for the next Meeting of the Supreme Council. The date for which is November, 2017 and the venue in London.

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