GIN Homing Pack July 2017

 

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Greyhounds in Need Homing Pack July 2017

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Patrons: Jilly Cooper OBE Dame Judi Dench CH DBE FRSA Peter Egan Ricky Gervais Dear Registered charity in England and Wales no.1069438 Registered Office: 5A, 80 High Street, Egham, Surrey. TW20 9HE UK Tel: +44 (0)1784-483206 Email:info@greyhoundsinneed.co.uk Website: www.greyhoundsinneed.co.uk 2017 Thank you for your enquiry about adopting a galgo (Spanish bred greyhound). Please read through this information and when you feel ready, kindly complete the questionnaire attached at page 2 and return it to us and then we will be able to start the adoption process by arranging a home visit. Please do not complete the Homing Agreement attached at page 3 – this is for your information only at this stage. All of the galgos we rescue are tested for Leishmaniasis, Babesiosis, Heartworm and Ehrlichiosis which are diseases that occur in Mediterranean countries but are not commonly known or endemic in the UK. The tests we undertake are to ascertain whether an individual galgo is currently infected with this disease but diagnosis can be challenging and latent infections can be difficult to diagnose. Details of these diseases can be found on our website www.greyhoundsinneed.co.uk and we enclose a technical paper which could be of interest to your veterinary surgeon. We feel it is fair to point out that in line with other welfare groups who do similar work, we would appreciate a donation of at least £125 on adoption of one of our galgos, to enable us to continue to take in, maintain and prepare for adoption (with vaccination, dental cleaning, sterilisation etc) more dogs in need. With best wishes, The Trustees of Greyhounds in Need __________________________________________________________________________________ Founded by: Anne and Arthur Finch Trustees: Terrance Dickens, Christine Goodwin, Martin Humphery, Geraldine Jones, Leigh Sobye BVSc MRCVS General Manager : Carolyn Davenport Treasurer: Eric Goodley FFA GIN Shop (Bournemouth): Lynn Jackson Webmaster: Leigh Dworkin 1

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(To complete and send to us, please) GREYHOUNDS IN NEED Please do not be offended by this questionnaire. We are anxious that the Galgos should go to homes where they will be understood, happy and cared for. They have served well as sporting animals and now deserve a loving, secure and comfortable life. We try to match the dog to the home. *(Please see below)* Do you want a male or female? What other pets do you have at home? Are all the members of the family equally keen to have a Galgo? Have you owned a dog before? What happened to it? Do you have children? What are their ages? Do you live in a house? Other? Flat? Which floor? Will the dog live inside as a family pet? Do you have a private garden? Is it securely fenced? how many metres/feet in height? Are you sure that you can spare the time to exercise your dog? Where would the dog sleep at night? Where would the dog live during the day? If you work how many hours would your dog be left alone during a working day? If you work all day can you get home at lunch time to give the dog a toilet break? What will you do with your dog when you are on holiday? Do you know a local veterinarian? Do you understand that it is your responsibility to take out reasonable Pet insurance? Can you afford the following care: Annual Blood Test: £100 approx. Annual Booster : £50 approx. Regular Worming : £15 approx. Lungworm : £11 a month Dental Cleaning : £300 approx. Name : Address : Home telephone number : Mobile number : Email: Post Code : Daytime telephone number : Fax number : I am over 21 years of age and have read and understood the information contained in the Greyhounds in Need homing pack. Signature : Date : Greyhounds in Need 5A, 80 High Street, Egham, Surrey TW20 9HE * If you are interested in adopting one of our galgos, please complete & return this questionnaire to us as soon as possible * 2

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Registered charity in England and Wales no. 1069438 5A, 80 High Street FOR INFORMATION ONLY Egham, Surrey, TW20 9HE Tel: +44 (0) 1784 483206 Email: info@greyhoundsinneed.co.uk Website: www.greyhoundsinneed.co.uk ‘GREYHOUNDS IN NEED’ (GIN) HOMING AGREEMENT In respect of the following Galgo: - Pet Name Microchip D.O.B Colour / Sex Last Origin Date of number Vaccination / Trainer neutering/ date last season Thank you for giving a home to this Galgo. The dog may have been rescued from abandonment, may have suffered cruelty or become unwanted due to domestic upheaval. Strenuous exercise may exacerbate old injuries. Most of these dogs have never been in a home before. As we do not know their entire history, we can give no assurance on any aspect of their temperament or long-term physical condition. Please refer to our “Guidance Notes for Greyhound owners” 1. I am the new owner of the dog whose details appear at the head of this Agreement. 2. I acknowledge that I have received a copy of GIN’s “Guidance Notes for Greyhound Owners” and that this will be my guide in assuring a long and healthy life for my dog. 3. I have made a donation to GIN (minimum £125) on adopting this dog as my contribution to the costs of sterilisation and other expenses. I accept full responsibility for all regular and emergency veterinary treatment. 4.I agree to consult GIN if I need further help or guidance and that, if necessary for this purpose, I will allow a representative of GIN to inspect the dog. Should the dog go missing I will inform the council dog warden, the police and GIN. 5.I understand that, in the event of my being unable to meet essential veterinary expenses,GIN will, on application by me, give consideration to financial assistance. Any such assistance, and its amount, will be at the absolute discretion of the Trustees of GIN and will be affected by my having reasonable pet insurance in place. 6.I will take good care of the dog as a respected family pet inside my home. It will not be raced, bred, used for blood donation, or sold. In the event of my being unable to continue to give the dog a home I will consult GIN regarding the dog’s future. 7.It is a legal requirement that the dog shall wear an identity disc carrying his/her address, at all times. Signed Date Name (please print) Address (please print) Telephone Email Signed on behalf of “Greyhounds In Need” Date White copy—New Owner Green copy—Homing Officer 3 Pink copy - Head Office

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The Galgos (breed name galgo español) are Spanish bred greyhounds used widely by hunters in the rural areas of Spain, for coursing the hare with betting but the season is only 4 months after which time they are abandoned or brutally killed. Many have not been handled kindly, some have suffered victimisation in overcrowded shelters in Spain, making them wary of other dogs, and some need gentle socialisation and a lot of reassurance that they are never going to be hungry or hurt again. They were rescued in the first place by volunteers who themselves suffer the hostility of their own countrymen for showing such concern and care. Galgos for homing in the UK - a question often asked is “how does the adoption process work”? On receipt of a completed questionnaire our homing officer will contact you and arrange for a home check to take place. It is only after a successful home check that “would be” adopters are told which dogs are still available. Once a dog is chosen and reserved there is nothing more for the adopter to do until the galgo arrives in the UK and our Homing Officer contacts them with news of their reserved galgo. Throughout the time from initial contact to adoption many questions are asked and advice sought, especially by “first timers”. Some of the points raised are: Toilet Training: Dogs straight from kennels are not toilet trained, but it shouldn’t really take long if handled with sensitivity. They want to get it right but when they first arrive home they don’t know where the back door is and might have a few accidents while learning. Living with other pets: Many Galgos will accept cats and other small animals with no problem at all. Many others will accept and adapt to living with cats, etc. quickly once they have learned their boundaries. It is usually down to careful introduction initially and owners carefully supervising “dog and cat together time”. This is one of the reasons why when you collect your new dog you are given a muzzle in addition to a collar and lead. Living with babies and children: There is no reason why dogs and babies should not co-exist happily and safely. If you are expecting a new baby start training your dog to stay out of any “no go” areas of the house as early as possible. Introduce new items such as cots, car seats, prams etc as early as possible in order to get the dog used to them. It also helps if you can get a recording of baby sounds so that when the baby arrives the dog will not find it strange. NEVER leave a baby alone with a dog however much you think you can trust the dog. ALWAYS praise and reward your dog when it behaves well around the baby so it will accept the baby is nice to have around. As children grow they should be taught to respect the dog, never touch it suddenly, especially if it is asleep, not to pull it’s tail or poke little fingers in eyes and always to allow it to have it’s own space. Galgos often become a child’s best friend. Generally: A greyhound collar should be put on high up the neck at the narrowest point and fit snugly. It is a good idea to have a house collar which remains on at all times—inside and outside complete with ID tag which has your name, address and telephone number. It is a legal requirement for an ID tag to be worn at all times. For nervous and/or strong dogs a harness should be used in the early days after adoption. Of course you have to leave your dog at home while you go to work, go shopping or other places that a dog cannot go. When your dog is new to the family routine he needs to learn that when you go out you do come back so try not to leave him too long at first. Try going out and returning after about 5 minutes at first, then 10 minutes and then longer. Most will learn quickly but do remember that they will need a toilet break and cannot last all day. Give your dog proper care and you will have a friend for life. Sometimes helps to have two. Potential diseases in dogs: There are three major infections affecting dogs in the UK today – PARVOVIRUS, HEPATITIS and LEPTOSPIROSIS. All should be controlled by vaccination. All our galgos are vaccinated before leaving Spain -these must be kept up to date. Please consult your veterinary surgeon. Worming: - Adult dogs should be wormed every three months against tapeworm and roundworm. However in certain areas of the UK especially Southern England and Wales it is recommended your dog is treated against 4

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Lungworm on a monthly basis – please consult your local Veterinary Practice for advice. Tick prevention is also necessary in certain areas of the UK and again we would ask you to discuss this with your local veterinarian. Fleas: - It is recommended that adult dogs are treated against fleas on a monthly basis. Many different preparations are available and some even will treat against worms – please consult your local Veterinary Practice for advice. For more information on worms and fleas you may find http://www.itsajungle.co.uk a useful online resource. 5

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GENERAL INFORMATION ON MEDITERRANEAN DISEASES 2017 All of the galgos we rescue are tested for Leishmaniasis, Babesiosis, Heartworm and Ehrlichiosis which are diseases that occur in Mediterranean countries but are not commonly known or endemic in the UK. The tests we undertake are to ascertain whether an individual galgo is currently infected with this disease but diagnosis can be challenging and latent infections can be difficult to diagnose. The aim of this report is not to make you worry about these diseases but only to make you aware of the existence of these diseases. Leishmaniasis: Causing agent: Leishmaniasis is caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania infantum, which is transmitted by sand flies of the Phlebotomus species. Dogs are the major reservoir for this infection. Geographical distribution in Europe: Leishmania infantum can be found in Spain in the Mediterranean coast, south coast and some central regions like Madrid, in most of the parts of Italy, being more predominant in the southern regions and Sardinia and in Mediterranean coast of France. Transmission: The Leishmania parasite is transmitted to the dog by the bite of the sandfly when feeding on the dogs’ blood. The most common time of the year for the sandfly to feed on the dog is from April until late September. Sandflies are weather dependent and are more predominant near water sources like rivers. The incubation period can take from 3 months to seven years. Leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease; this means it can be transmitted to humans by the sandfly as a vector, so the dog can act as a reservoir for the parasite. This transmission can happen in countries in Southern Europe where the sandfly is present; however the clinical signs would not be like the dog’s clinical signs. Recently blood transmission has been reported and, therefore, we recommend none of our re-homed galgos act as blood donors. Clinical signs: Leishmaniasis can have many different clinical signs like skin lesions (scaling, hair loss and ulceration especially of the head and pressure points), abnormal nails growth, recurrent conjunctivitis, decreased appetite and weight loss, exercise intolerance and lethargy, vomiting and blood found in the stools. However the most common ones are Epistaxis (Nose bleeds), ocular abnormalities and renal (Kidney) failure. On clinical examination enlarged lymph nodes and spleen can be observed. Renal failure due to immune-complex glomerulonephritis eventually develops and is believed to be the main cause of death in dogs. Diagnosis By blood test to detect Leishmania antibodies (ELISA test); more complex tests for identification can be done like a PCR test. We recommended annual antibody testing for all our rehomed galgos. 6

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Treatment and prevention: If the dog shows any of the clinical signs found above and it has been in an endemic area it should be taken to the veterinarian and let the veterinarian know in which country the dog has been to. The main drugs used for the treatment of leishmaniasis are the pentavalent antimony meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime®) and allopurinol. Miltefosine (Milteforan®) is a relatively new anti-leishmanial drug that can be used for the first month of treatment in combination with allopurinol instead of meglumine antimoniate. Amphotericin B is also used but it is highly nephrotoxic (Toxic for the kidneys). These treatments are often designed to improve the dog’s condition temporarily but sometimes the disease can reoccur. The treatment does not eliminate the parasite. Keeping infected dogs where the sandfly is present needs to be thought about as a treated dog is considered as a carrier and can transmit the parasite via the sandfly to other dogs and people. In endemic countries dogs are given topical insecticides in Deltamethrin-impregnated collars or spot-on drops to reduce the number of sandfly bites. A new vaccination (CaniLeash®) has been licenced in Europe offering protection against Leishmaniasis. This vaccination should only be given to dogs that test negative for diseases and will be particularly useful for dogs travelling to areas where Leishmaniasis is endemic. Trials are currently underway to test the use of this vaccine in animals previously exposed to Leishmaniasis but results are not expected for at least 5-10 years! Babesiosis or redwater: Causing agent: The Babesia species. A protozoa organism that parasites the erythrocytes. The most common species that causes canine babesiosis are the Babesia canis and the Babesia gibsoni. Geographical distribution: Present worldwide including in some parts of the UK and in Europe particularly in Southern France. In 2016 an outbreak of Babesia canis was reported in Essex with the subsequent discovery of Babesia canis infected ticks also in the area, suggesting this disease may become endemic in the UK. Transmission: Between animals by ticks when feeding on the dog’s blood, the longer the tick feeds the higher the chances of passing the Babesia to the dog and by contaminated instruments and needles. Clinical signs The clinical findings and the severity of these can vary. The most common symptoms are pale tongue, gums and nose due to low number of red blood cells, fever, loss of appetite, lethargy, red or orange urine, enlarged lymph nodes. The most severe infections are called peracute infections and show typical symptoms of a hypotensive shock; pale membranes, tachycardia, weak pulse and depression this associated with organ dysfunction leads to coma and death. Acute infections signs are fever, anaemia, jaundice, inappetance, weakness and sometimes death. Diagnosis: By blood test. Directly seeing the parasite using a stain but using PCR Test is most reliable. 7

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Treatment and prevention: The dog should be taken to the veterinarian to get a correct diagnose and treatment. There are several drugs that can be used to treat the dog after been correctly diagnosed. These are imidocarb, and Ataquavone often in combination with an antibiotic. If the dog has a severe anaemia blood transfusion should be considered. In order to prevent tick bites the dog and the dog kennels should be treated with an appropriate acaricide. A vaccine that protects the dog for 6 months has been recently developed and it is used in Europe. Heart worm disease or canine heartworm Causing agent: Dirofilaria immitis. Is a filarial worm that as an adult lives in the cardiovascular system, in the right ventricle, right atrium, pulmonary artery and posterior vena cava. The final host are dogs, wild canids and sometimes cats and ferrets Geographical distribution: Warn-temperature countries and tropical zones. In Europe countries like Spain and France. There have been some cases in the UK of animals who have travelled abroad. Transmission: Transmitted by mosquitoes of the genera Aedes, Anopheles and Culex. The female mosquito bites taking blood from an infected animal, after two weeks the mosquito carries the larvae in the mouth parts and bites another animal. The larvae develop in the host system and migrate to the heart vessels. Clinical signs: Heartworm is asymptomatic in the early stages of the disease. Clinical signs start when there are a high number of worms obstructing the blood flow. This causes endocarditis and dead worms in the system can cause pulmonary embolism. Heavily infected dogs suffer from loss of condition and exercise intolerance. It is common to observe a chronic cough and breathlessness. Diagnosis: The dog should be taken to the veterinarian where it will have a blood test +/-an x-ray and heart ultrasound done. The blood test will run two tests an antigen test to detect adult females and the Knott test which allows identification of larval stages. Occasionally these tests will be negative despite Heartworm infection. Treatment and prevention: Once the dog is diagnosed before dealing with the parasite the dog may need to be treated for cardiac insufficiency. Treatment is a combination of heartworm prevention treatments, antibiotics (doxycycline) and usually three injections of melarsomine over a period of 4 months. During treatment the activity of the dog must be restricted to avoid risk of pulmonary embolism as a result of the dead worms in the system. To prevent heartworm infection the use of oral or spot-on preparations must be used when travelling or living in endemic areas. Ideally preventation you start prior to leaving for an endemic country and for a month after visiting such an area. 8

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Ehrlichiosis Causing agent: A bacterium from the Rickettsiaceae family called Ehrlichia canis. This bacterium infects dogs but other Ehrlichia species can infect humans and other animal species. Geographic distribution: Worldwide distributed. Transmission: By Rhipicephalus sanguineous tick or brown dog tick. The tick larvae and nymph feeds on an infected dog and when adults feed on a new dog transmitting the disease. Clinical signs: The clinical signs vary depending on the stage of the infection. In the acute phase the clinical sings can vary, the signs can be depression, lethargy, anorexia and pyrexia and weight loss. Specific signs are enlarged lymph nodes and spleen, occasional epistaxis (nose bleed) and petechia (blood spots in the skin or gums). In the chronic severe form the symptoms will be the same as in the acute form but more severe. Systemic signs can be haemorrhage, shock and multi-organ failure. Diagnosis: By clinical presentation, pathological findings (E. canis invades mononuclear cells, there is a decrease in platelet number, mild leucopenia and anaemia) and a PCR blood test. Treatment and prevention: Once the disease has been diagnosed there are several drugs that can be used such as Doxycycline, tetracyclyine hydrochloride, oxytetracyclin and chloramphenicol. The dose and time of treatment depends on the drug used. There is no vaccine therefore the best way to prevent the disease is by using acaricides that will prevent the tick from feeding on the dog. Remove all ticks promptly using a tick remover. Please remember that the galgos have been tested for these diseases however if you travel to an endemic country or you think that your galgo has any of the clinical signs shown above take the galgo to the veterinarian as soon as possible. 9

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