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Flash Cats Issue 4 2016

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4th Issue 2016 www.nzcf.com Flash C atsThe Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy CHRISTMAS CATS THE BENEFITS OF ACUPUNTURE JUDGES’ EXAM ON SHOW GREATER GENETIC DIVERSITY THE LION IN YOUR LIVINGROOM Issue 16/04 1 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. Making everyday an adventure, naturally. AWARD-WINNING NO BAD ANYTHING FOOD FOR CATS Flash Cats Proudly made in Canada by Hagen 2 Join our commFournimtyooreniFnafoceabnodosktowcwkiwst.fsavciesbitowIoswks.uwceo.nm1u/t6nr/iue0tn4rcieen.ccoe.nnzz

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EDITOR Gaynor Saxon 272 Kennedy Road Napier 06 842 1011 flashcatseditor@gmail.com ADVERTISING Wendy McComb 06 368 9991 allanandwendy@hotmail.com SECRETARY Chris Lowe secretary@nzcf.com 07 533 4347 TREASURER Marion Petley 259B Mill Road, Otaki 5512 06 364 6314 marion.petley@xtra.co.nz COVER PIC Flash Cats Editor’s Creation The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. Issue 61 Inside this issue 3 Jill Celebrates her 80th 4 Signs your Cat is in Pain 5 Breeders Blog 7 Acupuncture for Cats 9 The Benefits of Coconut Oil 10 Do you know the Lion in your Livingroom 11 Why do Cats Scoot? 16 Judges Exam on Show 14-15 Christmas Cats 18 Microchipping - Why it Works 20 Why do Cats Knock Things Over? 21 Greater Genetic Diversity 22 BSAC - Breeding Practices Project 23-28 NZCF Information A Cat is a npouzszolleutfioornw...hich there is 2017 SUBSCRIPTION APPLICATION I would like to subscribe to Flash Cats Magazine This subscription entitles me to Associate Membership of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. I am enclosing $40.00 for four issues of Flash Cats. Please send them to the address below: Name: Address: Please copy or cut this form and post to: Executive Secretary Chris Lowe - 1614 Old Coach Road RD6, Te Puke 3186 New Zealand Views expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc or its officials, and advertised products or services are not necessarily endorsed by the NZCF For permission to reproduce material in this magazine please contact the authors directly or talk to Gaynor Saxon on 06 842 1011

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. CHAIR CHAT A huge welcome to our new members who have joined us this year, it is great to see an excellent increase in new breeders and prefix applications. I would like to acknowledge the fine work and many hours contributed to the NZCF by our EC Members, Registrars, all our appointed officers, our Judges and our clubs for all your enthusiam in creating great showcases for our fabulous feline babies. Congratulation to those who have successfully passed exams this year, Handlers and Stewards, New and crossover Judges who have completed their assignments and particularly the most recent students, Deb, Paul, Emma and Michelle, great work. Kindest regards Gaynor Saxon NZCF Chair Christmas is the time of giving and sharing with family and friends. Wishing you and your family health, happiness, peace and prosperity this holiday season and in the coming New Year. EDITORS NOTE I would just like to say a huge thank you to all those who have contributed to Flash Cats this year, in particular my amazing team, Linda for all her patience in gathering information for me and her excellent proofing skills, and Zena for her continued contributions including the Breeders Blogs. Also, the clubs who have sent in fabulous show photos, these are always a welcome edition and a great way to show those members who otherwise can’t get to the shows what’s going on in the show scene. It’s been a great year for production and I hope our magazines have been interesting and informative for you all. Do let us know what you think and feel free to send in any ideas you may have for articles you would like us to publish. We all know how frustrating it is being a cat owner when our cats become ill and can’t tell us what is wrong and we are all very familiar with the cost of vet visits. However even though we source and publish as many varied articles on cat health, we do maintain that the safest way to ensure good health in your cats is to always consult your vet first. From the Flash Cats team, we wish you all a safe, restful and happy Christmas break and a productive NewYear. Kindest regards Gaynor Saxon Flash Cats NZCF MEETING DATES 2017 25-26 FEBRUARY 2017 13-14 MAY 2017 5-6 AUGUST 2017 25-26 NOVEMBER 2017 FLASH CATS CLOSE-OFF DATES FOR CONTRIBUTIONS March Issue - 30 January 2017 June Issue - 30 April 2017 September Issue - 30 July 2017 December Issue - 30 October 2017 Contact Gaynor Saxon (Editor) flashcatseditor@gmail.com 4 Issue 16/04

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JILL CELEBRATES HER 80th Jill Dugan, life member of the Mid Island Cat club, celebrated her 80th birthday with a group of friends from the club on 15 of September at Claudia and Ron Finnigan's home in Te Aroha. Jill only recently stopped breeding her beautiful Burmese under the prefix, Shamonita. She has been instrumental in mentoring many new breeders of Burmese in the Waikato area and further afield. She became renowned for her ticked silver Burmese and won many awards . It is wonderful to see Jill in such good health and she still leads a very active life in the community of Putaruru, always doing for someone in need. Best wishes Jill for your 90th, we will be ready to celebrate again. Sue Ford www.nzcf.com IT REPORT By DebArmishaw A number of issues were raised and are to be addressed: 1. A review of the ROCAP database will be made to ensure that the background tables are working as required. 2. The show application had a number of issues during this last show season. a) There were a number of times that a fix was required for the import files. It seems it is very easy to add extra columns to the import file and this stops the import process in the show app. b) There were problems creating the import file out of ROCAP. i. The process needs to be investigated in ROCAP and see why the system fails when specifying less than 8 rings. c) Information back from a club indicated that they were not able to add/make changes on the show day. A review of the application is to be undertaken to see why it is not allowing for changes on the day. 4. Online registrations, sometimes the email notifications are not going to the correct person, a quick review of the code on the registration page was not able to immediately identify the possible cause. 5. It is proposed that due to the development that is happening around the credit card payment facility, that online registrations should take the information entered on the form and provide the registers a review page that they can approve. This should then feed the registration information directly into ROCAP and remove the need for the registrars to reenter the information from the emails. 6. When NZCF members go to the registration, membership renewal or transfer page, the members details should be pre populated if the member enters their prefix number. 7. This would be a large project and will have to split into smaller units. a) New registration entries. b) Membership applications, renewals. c) Cat/Kitten transfers 8. A review of the NZCF terms and conditions to set up a payment gateway using ANZ that are required for the online credit card payment gateway. 9. Microchip numbers will soon be able to be added onto transfers/registrations and pedigree certificates. Ultimately these will be a required field in ROCAP which will be used for a number of purposes. Have a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Issue 16/04 5 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. SIGNS YOUR CAT IS IN PAIN Pain it isn’t always obvious to others when you’re experiencing it. Unless it’s a broken leg twisted at a 90-degree angle or a big bruise on your arm, pain is a condition with no obvious external manifestations. Sure, some people are good at going around making sure everyone knows they’ve stubbed a toe or pulled a groin muscle, but other people are more like cats—you’d never know anything was wrong. Cats are renowned for their ability to mask pain and discomfort. This is a great advantage when out in the wild around a predator, but it’s a big problem in a home when pet owners are unaware that their pet has a problem. CAT PAIN: WHAT WE KNOW Veterinarians have come a long way in understanding pain in pets. With that understanding comes the knowledge that we are very likely undertreating pets for pain they are commonly experiencing. Arthritis, dental disease, urinary tract disease, bone disease, and cancer are just a few of the common feline medical conditions that are known to be painful. Pain management specialists have a mantra they often repeat: “Assume pain.” If you diagnose a painful medical condition, pain management should be part of the treatment, every time. Cats may not speak, but they do communicate their pain in their own ways. Although they can’t come up to us and say, “I’m hurting,” cats do exhibit behavioral changes that can indicate they are experiencing pain. The American Animal Hospital Association has pain management guidelines that can help owners and veterinarians manage feline pain. RECOGNIZE THE SIGNS OF CAT PAIN Here are some of the most common behavioral signs that might be a symptom of a cat in pain: CHANGE IN ACTIVITY LEVEL A change in activity level can indicate discomfort. Cats might become less active and sleep more hours than they used to. Stiff, arthritic cats may be reluctant to change positions, or no longer jump onto high surfaces. Conversely, cats may become more active: restless, repetitively getting up and down, and seeming to have difficulty getting comfortable. SELF MUTILATION While many people associate biting and licking with allergies, pets in pain often repetitively lick and bite at painful areas. They may do it so often that they cause secondary trauma to their body in the form of skin infections and hair loss. VOCALIZING Most of us know that a hissing or growling cat is an unhappy cat, but did you know meows and purrs can accompany pain as well? Some cats purr when they are frightened or hurting, and it does not always indicate contentment. This is particularly true for cats with an easygoing or gentle personality. CHANGE IN DAILY ROUTINE A cat whose appetite suddenly drops may be feeling too much pain to eat, or may be experiencing nausea from a disease process. Cats who have an abrupt onset of soiling in the house after years of using the litterbox may be too painful to get in and out of a box with high sides, or too sore to get to where the box is located. A lap cat who suddenly can’t stand being held may be experiencing pain when they are touched or pet. Any of these changes in their usual personality and preferences may be medical in origin. POSTURE Cats do a version of the “little old person shuffle” when they are stiff; they walk very gingerly and avoid the usual athletic leaps we are accustomed to seeing. Cats with abdominal pain may have a hunched back, tucking in their abdomen in a protective posture.You may also notice a cat being protective of a certain area of their body, not wanting to be touched or scratched; they may also limp or hesitate to put weight on a sore limb. FACIAL EXPRESSIONS Granted, facial expression can be difficult to gauge in a cat, but certain giveaways can indicate pain or discomfort. A vacant stare at nothing in particular, or a “glazed” expression is common. Cats in distress can also have dilated pupils—part of the stress response in the body. Unlike in dogs, cats do not normally pant. If you notice a panting cat, particularly when she is at rest, you should get her evaluated as soon as possible. AGGRESSION Some cats are naturally surly for their entire lives. It can be hard to tell if they are escalating their level of aggression. However, a normally friendly cat who is suddenly hissing, swatting, and biting may be a cat in pain. Out-of-character meanness is a cat’s way of asking to be left alone. POOR COAT CONDITION Cats are expert groomers, spending up to five hours a day on maintaining their silky coats. However, pain from arthritis can make it difficult to contort themselves into their normal grooming positions, and pain in general can make a cat too uncomfortable or worn out to maintain their normal routine. A cat who stops grooming and starts to look unkempt may be in pain and needs to be evaluated. CONTROLLING PAIN IN CATS Historically, we have had very limited options for pain control in cats, but fortunately this is changing. Owners must never treat their cat with pain medications meant for people, as they metabolize medication differently and can die from something as benign to humans as Tylenol. If you think your cat might be in pain, get her evaluated by your vet to discuss the best treatment options. Sourced from an article written by Jessica Vogelsang, DVM Flash Cats 6 Issue 16/04

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BREEDERS’ BLOG ByZena Pigden www.nzcf.com Thinking outside the box, the litter box that is, is something you never want your cats to do. So we were struggling a bit when I brought my now neutered stud boy Finn into the house. As an entire he had always been a bit of a sprayer and spot wee-er and we expected some of that to continue as he settled into the house. We took our time with a slow introduction and set up his own area in my walk-in wardrobe, subsequently expanded to bedroom, bathroom and walk in wardrobe before letting him out into the rest of the house. Initially the spraying and spot marking seemed to be improving. But then it got worse. Because we have 5 other neuters and spays living in the main part of the house we naturally assumed it was behavioural. Finn is an incredibly loving and sweet boy who is very attached to me and I was at my wits end. Family members were getting grumpy finding large wees in many places (including on a bed, lucky we have mattress protectors). I ordered Feliway from Amazon (never came, package got damaged) and had Comfort Zone Multicat diffusers plugged in around the house. Finn was in quite a bad fight (not witnessed, but heard and with scratches to prove it) and we wondered if this had unsettled him. Or maybe my adult son and daughter coming to stay to help celebrate my husband’s 60th birthday was the problem? Change can make cats anxious. Anyway, the first step in dealing with any pee problem is to take the cat for a complete check-up and I booked him in to see our vet. In retrospect there were a few clues that there might be a bit more going on. Finn’s water bowl needed frequent refilling. Sometimes he just lay around near the water bowl. On at least one occasion there seemed no possible anxiety trigger for his peeing when he broke off from a loving cuddle with me, to hop off the bed and pee under a chair. Well, it turns out he is diabetic. He has lost well over a kilo in three months. The diabetes caused the thirst and that in turn was causing the excessive urination. Plus, it was probably making him feel a bit ‘off’ which may have exacerbated the more territorial spraying. Typically, diabetes occurs in older and obese cats and is more common in neutered males. Finn is only 7 years old and he may have been a little overweight but probably not more than about 500g which in a 10kg cat is not really that much. This is the first time it’s occurred in any of my cats in 20 years of breeding, so it is new journey for me. I do think a possible contributing factor was changing a different and predominantly grain based food (a veterinary diet that another cat was on). While he had to have been ‘at risk’ in some way, I think the high carb food may have been the trigger. I guess the good news is that diabetes is treatable, for most cats it means giving insulin injections twice a day (a few cats either don’t require insulin from the start and can be treated by diet alone, and some cats are able to come off insulin once their sugar levels have normalised). Luckily for Finn I am comfortable with sub Q injections and the needle is so short and fine that Finn barely feels them. However, j it takes a while to adjust the insulin dose. Just as for humans, hypoglycaemia (blood sugar too low) can be dangerous and so the usual approach is to start with a dose at the lower end of the spectrum and adjust upwards if needed. Finn’s been put on long acting human insulin which gradually builds up in the cat’s system, which is another reason for caution in increasing the dose. My vet gave me some signs and symptoms to look for that might show he was developing hypoglycaemia and how to remedy it (a bit of honey on the gums) but so far there’s been no sign of this. My vet explained to me that we need to monitor the amount of sugar in his urine as a way of tracking how the insulin is working. This sounded straightforward – use aquarium gravel which is non-absorbent in the litter tray and then test the urine with a glucose stick (changes colour depending on the amount of sugar in the urine). It does work - but there are few extra things to think about. I started with quite a fine gravel which seemed more like normal litter. Unfortunately, it was quite dusty and so tended to absorb some of the pee, but luckily you only need a drop to use on the stick. Also the vet nurse told me you could wash the gravel and re-use it. She didn’t mention that if it is a fine gravel it will be very difficult to get it dry again. Meaning a) that any urine will be diluted and b) your cat may not fancy using it. I did find a warm cupboard and a tray to spread the used, washed litter out on to dry out… but apparently didn’t do a great job with the washing as there was still a strong smell of pee! My next initiative was to buy some larger gravel in a large bag. I thought I’d skip the washing and just use new gravel each time. Initially my vet had said I’d only need to do the daily testing for a week, so that seemed like a manageable expense. On his re-check though, his sugars are definitely still too high so his insulin dose has been increased a little and we continue with the daily urine/sugar checkI’m debating trying the more expensive brightly coloured shiny gravel, which is not dusty and might be quite easy to wash…. The other thing was to consider his diet. Generally, the advice is to feed a low carb high protein diet and there is actually a prescription diet for this. However, I needed to find a suitable diet that all the house cats could eat as they are all grazers and some at least need to have food out all the time, which is also accessible to Finn. Prescription food for a total of 6 cats would just be too expensive. I thought I’d found just the food. Unfortunately, the sudden change of diet has resulted in poor Finn developing quite a severe diarrhoea (though otherwise seeming well in himself). I have had to put him back on Royal Canin Hair and Skin which has quite a high fibre content and works well for upset tummies. At least it’s first ingredient is animal protein. And so far, so good – the diarrhoea has settled.. A fully carb free diet would be even better but economically hard to sustain (given that it’s not just one cat I’m feeding but six) and sadly not acceptable to some of the house cats. Although Finn is still testing at the top of the scale when I test his pee, there has been a change. He is drinking a bit less and the random peeing has considerably reduced, although there is still some spraying (have re-ordered the Feliway). He seems more settled and comfortable but we obviously have further to go. Issue 16/04 7 Flash Cats

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The Holistic Science Behind ACUPUNCTURE FOR CATS www.nzcf.com Acupuncture for your cat? It’s not as strange as it might sound at first, especially if you’ve had no experience with the treatment. And no, kitty will not look like it is part of a Dr. Frankenstein experiment. The ancient Chinese treatment arose from the belief we all have energy cycles that move through our bodies and keep us healthy. When one of the energy points becomes blocked, the person, or animal, would become ill or diseased. Unblocking the energy point through the act of inserting needles at these pressure points is the way to free the energy and thus heal. Interestingly, the ancient Chinese also believed this technique would work on cats. Our furry feline friends have similar energy points on their bodies to people, so a skilled veterinary acupuncturist (TCM) is able to treat your cat properly. If you’ve been the kind of big scaredy cat (no pun intended) who’s always kept far away from people wielding long thin needles, you might want to take a deep breath and think again. HOW CAN ACUPUNCTURE HELP MY CAT? Acupuncture is safe and painless for both you and your cat (getting your eyebrows waxed hurts way more!). The needles, when inserted properly (the reason you go to a real acupuncturist), don’t send any pain signals to the brain. In fact, most kitties will relax during the procedure, and lots take catnaps. A 11 year old Siamese cat, Kiki that suffered asthma and a cough for three years has apparently been cured, after her owner shunned traditional treatments and gave her pet a course of acupuncture. A South African alternative therapist turned to needle-based treatment to help the cat. Kiki had been given cortisone injections for her asthma but the owner was worried this might eventually damage the moggie’s liver. Alternative treatments can be used on animals to relieve skin problems, chronic arthritis, kidney problems and cat AIDS. While this is not an overnight remedy, you will see changes in your pet. Kitty may be more alert, social, relaxed, and moving about like its old self in as little as one or two sessions. For chronic conditions, your kitty may have to have sessions for the rest of its life to keep the pain and discomfort down. Depending on the ailment, you may want to use the therapy in conjunction with traditional medical treatment, as a backup, or simply as an alternative. It can be used to help cats with almost any disorder, including chronic pain, arthritis, asthma, allergies, and even kidney and liver problems. Acupuncture has also been found to ease the side effects of cancer treatments, too. pet throughout the whole procedure. There are a few different methods a veterinary acupuncturist may use. The traditional use of needles that are rotated by hand is the one most people know, but some therapists may use lasers with injections of sterile fluids, or even use short bursts of an electrical current to stimulate the area. The kind of acupuncture your kitty receives will depend on the therapist. Now that you know a little more about acupuncture, it might be something to discuss with your veterinarian. There are animal accupuncturists to be found in New Zealand. Treatments can last anywhere from less than a minute to thirty minutes. And of course, you are allowed to be there with your By Diana Waldhuber, www.petmed.com www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech Issue 16/04 9 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. HOSTED BY CANTERBURY ALL BREEDS CAT CLUB INC Sunday 4th June 2017 BishopdaleYMCA Recreation Centre, Harewood Rd, Christchurch AND Breeders / Judges / Exhibitors Open Forum Monday 5th June 2017 SHOW JUDGES Jan Rogers CFA (USA) Kaai du Plessis CFA (Netherlands) Pam Barrett TICA (USA) Darrell Newkirk CFA (USA) Anne Harvey QFA (Australia) Bambi Edwards ANCATS (Australia) Geoff Dumigan QFA (Australia) Chris Lowe NZCF Janice Davey NZCF FORUM SPEAKERS Jan Rogers Kaai du Plessis Pamela Barrett Darrell Newkirk Anne Harvey Roy Griffiths Total Vets Rod Hitchmough Robert MacKenzie Sharyn van Aalst All Enquiries to: Barbie Müller Email: CABCClub@gmail.com | Phone: 03 355 6462 Flash Cats 10 Issue 16/04

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www.nzcf.com The benefits of COCONUT OIL FOR YOUR CAT There’s always some new product or food fad that we humans go gaga over at times and Coconut oil is just another one... it’s gaining in popularity with humans for things like cooking, hair care, and even as a moisturizer. However...are there any benefits of coconut oil for cats? ...Can we feed our feline family members coconut oil or use it to protect their skin and coats? ...Some holistic veterinarians were asked all about cats and coconut oil. BFOENRECFAITTSS OF COCONUT OIL Using coconut oil for cats can have multiple benefits, Externally, Gardner says coconut oil can help with allergies, dry skin, itchiness, and overall coat health. Internally, coconut oil can benefit a cat’s immune system, help with hairballs, reduce arthritis inflammation, improve bad breath, and help with a healthy stomach, although Veterinarians don’t recommend giving coconut oil on a regular basis. HOW TO GIVE CATS COCONUT OIL You can use small amounts of coconut oil with food or apply it topically for cats with skin problems, But, as with any new food or supplement, don’t give your cat too much coconut oil too soon. Introduce it slowly because, like anything, some cats tolerate it better than others or the cat could be allergic to it—which is rare but can happen with any dietary supplement, adding too much too fast could cause diarrhea. For an average-size cat, give ¼ to ½ teaspoon once or twice a day, and some vets recommend starting with as little as 1/8 of a teaspoon daily. Cat owners who want to use coconut oil to treat or prevent hairballs can give it less often, such as a few times a week. Overall, you should start small and adjust amounts as necessary. Coconut oil is also very high in calories.You’ll need to cut back elsewhere in the diet to avoid unwanted weight gain if you start feeding your cat coconut oil. ALTERNATIVES TO COCONUT OIL FOR CATS If your cat won’t tolerate coconut oil, there are alternatives to consider. In fact, coconut oil seems to be used in a manner similar to fish oil, though coconut oil doesn’t have the Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil. Fish oil and topical olive oil can be good alternatives, though ideally they would be used together to maximize fatty acids. Fish oil is usually recommended to use —including salmon, anchovy. These have some similar benefits, but not topically. Topically, olive oil can help with skin issues but this does not have the same anti-inflammatory effects as coconut oil. These supplements have some overlap with coconut oil but they don't have the same effects. Keep in mind that all cats are different and your veterinarian can help you determine if the benefits of using coconut oil with your cat outweigh the risks. As for how to get your cat to eat the coconut oil, that shouldn’t be a problem unless you have a particularly picky cat: It can be given directly, as a lot of cats like the taste. If your cat won’t eat coconut oil on its own, try mixing it with a tablespoon or two of especially pungent, canned cat food. RISKS OF COCONUT OIL FOR CATS Information ourced from various sites. While coconut oil does have some benefits for cats, it’s important to note that is listed as “People Foods to Avoid FeedingYour Pets,” It is noted that it probably won’t cause much harm, but could result in upset stomachs or diarrhea. Since it is high in saturated fats, I would be cautious using it in cats with pancreatic inflammation, and some cats can be sensitive to it. There could also be a risk of pancreatitis and that the use of coconut oil for cats should be monitored carefully. Issue 16/04 11 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. DO YOU KNOW THE LION IN YOUR LIVINGROOM? ‘How House CatsTamed Us and Took Over the World.’ Research has revealed that New Zealanders are big fans of pets, with more than half (58%) of Kiwis owning at least one cat and/ or dog. Pet ownership varies around the country and house cats well outnumber dogs with the number of households who own cats being approximately 62% of New Zealand pet owners. We love our cats, But the reality is that cats don’t always bother to love us back — nor do they need to, since we provide for them anyway. How did cats get such a sweet deal? A book written AbigailTucker, tries to answer that question in her new book, “The Lion in the Living Room: How House CatsTamed Us andTook Over the World.” “It’s really kind of a staggering success story, because there are at least 600 million, some people think closer to a billion house cats on the planet today, which is a shocking number for an animal of any kind,” Tucker says. This is especially stunning, she says, given that house cats are felines. “In nature, felines are relatively rare, because they tend to sit atop whatever ecosystem they’re in, and they have these huge protein requirements that they have to satisfy. So they’re [typically] rarer than other kinds of carnivores.” House cats have managed to carve out a place for themselves, globally, while so many of their wild relatives, from tigers to sand cats, have had a hard time in recent years, as a result of their long-standing animosity with people, Tucker says. SO, WHAT’S THEIR SECRET? “Basically, house cats have been able to succeed by sidling up to humanity and harvesting our resources without giving us too much in return and without compromising their feline forms in a way that would prevent them from surviving without us,” Tucker concludes. Cats have undergone an interesting and complicated process of domestication, Tucker says. “They have changed the structure of their brain to get along with us better, but they haven’t really changed their bodies that much, and they remain hunters as magnificent as tigers or lions or any other member of the wild feline clan.” Instead of fighting with us, cats — lured largely by our trash — ventured closer and closer into our settlements and started changing themselves, to get along with the times. What’s more, she says, cats are so adaptable that they can make a go of it in a studio apartment or in the middle of the woods. Tucker, like so many cat lovers, finds reasons to “excuse” their behavior and ignore the fact that cats, on balance, have a negative impact on the planet: They kill songbirds by the billions, wreak havoc on small mammal populations and their huge dietary need for protein puts a strain on the global environment. “Whether they’re going out to your garden and hunting a mouse or eating something that they get in a can, which could be a wild sardine caught in a far-off ocean or a chicken raised on a farm somewhere, all these things are meat, and all these things have an environmental impact,” Tucker says. “It’s a little limited to think, ‘My cat is inside, so it doesn’t eat any wild animals,’” she continues. “That’s important, and that’s good, but it’s not that your cat is existing on air and water. These animals eat things — and the fact that they do take a toll on the environment and on human resources only makes it more interesting that we tolerate them and even encourage having huge numbers of them around.” Before researching and writing her book, Tucker says, she didn’t give cats credit for “what amazing and formidable animals that they are.” Even though she writes about animals professionally, “I was just as guilty as the next person, when it came to looking at my cats as cute little fur babies and infantilizing them and pretending that they needed help from me,” she admits. “Now I understand that, even though I had been accustomed to traveling across the world looking for interesting animals,” she says, “this is an interesting animal that has come to meet me in my living room. This cat is a creature of conquest and a creature that is a global survivor, and is an example of how amazing nature is.” Sourced from a book written by AbigailTucker "The Lion in the Living Room: How House CatsTamed Us andTook Over the World." Flash Cats 12 Issue 16/04

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www.nzcf.com WHY DO CATS SCOOT? If you have ever tried to explain the concept of cat scooting to your friends, you probably quickly realized that there is no graceful way to put it. If your cat is scooting, your cat's butt is dragging along the carpet or ground. Scooting or butt dragging is a problem far more common among dog owners, but it does occasionally happen to cats. And while it may look funny or strange, cat scooting could signal a medical problem that needs to be addressed. Scooting is normally associated with pruritus of the posterior end, Pruritus is a medical term for severe itching of the skin. While it's fairly rare, this can happen to any cat—there is no particular breed that experiences it more than another. And the reasons your cat’s bottom is itching, Lowe says, might be due to a number of factors, including parasites, impacted anal glands and allergies. PARASITES If your cat is dragging its bottom on the carpet, there's a chance your cat has worms. Parasitic worms, such as tapeworms, can cause irritation to the posterior area. And while you may check your cat's stool for worms, you may not be able to see them. Just because you don’t see the worms doesn't mean that they aren't there, most worms only become visible in the stool after deworming, and sometimes not even then. And if you do see worms, your cat is likely experiencing discomfort, Osborne says. In other words, get your cat to a vet immediately. IMPACTED ANAL SACS All cats have anal sacs located near the opening of the anus. Inside those sacs is a dark, smelly and slightly oily liquid. "The anal sacs typically release their contents when a cat defecates," But when the sacs get clogged, they are considered impacted. That means the sacs don’t express when your cat goes to the bathroom, and the area becomes irritated, potentially causing your cat to scoot. In severe cases, a cat’s anal sacs can become infected, which is even more painful. ALLERGIES If you see your cat dragging his or her bottom, there may be something in or around your home affecting the feline. Environmental allergies are caused by many things, such as dust mites, grasses, molds or fleas. The problem may also be due to whatever you're feeding your cat. Food allergies are typically an allergy to a particular protein source, such as chicken or beef. There are reported to be medical therapies that can help with scooting caused by environmental allergies, but if there is a food allergy contributing, your veterinarian will likely be putting your cat on a new diet. WHAT YOU SHOULD DO IF YOU SEE YOUR CAT SCOOTING Your cat scooting action plan is pretty simple—if you don't want to rush to the vet, start by taking a close look underneath your cat’s tail. Maybe there are some dried feces or another irritant there that is causing your cat to scoot. If so, simply wash gently underneath your cat’s tail and monitor his or her behavior to watch for scooting. But if you don't see an obvious culprit for your cat's scooting, then contact your vet and get your pet checked out.Your vet may be able to express your cat’s anal sacs, check for problem-causing parasites, recommend a different diet or prescribe antibiotics or anti-itch medications HOW TO EXPRESS YOUR CAT ANAL GLANDS. 1. Gather your materials.You’ll need a pair of clean surgical or examination gloves, gauze pads, clean water, and, if your cat is hairy, a clipper.You’ll also want someone to help hold the cat still while you work. 2. Position the cat. Have a partner or assistant hold the cat still, facing away from you. 3. Trim the perineal area. If your cat is hairy, you may need t o trim the hair around the anus before you can proceed. 4. Locate the gland openings. Pull the cat’s tail gently upward to observe the anus. Look for the gland openings, which should be located just beneath and to the sides of the anus. 5. Wipe away dried secretions. If the anus and gland openings are crusted with dried secretions, rinse with water and then gently wipe away the softened crusts. In some cases, you may not be able to wipe away the softened crusts very easily. If this happens, try putting a warm compress in the anus for five or ten minutes to soften clogged openings. 6. Pinch the anal glands gently. Using your gloved hand, pinch the two anal glands under the anus, using your forefinger and thumb. Gently push upwards, increasing your pressure until the glands pop and release excess secretions. You will likely notice a distinct odor once the glands release their secretions. This is a sign that you have succeeded in your task. If there is blood or pus in the discharge, your cat’s anal glands are probably infected.You’ll need to contact a veterinarian as soon as possible. Sourced from www.petmd.com - re-written Issue 16/04 13 Flash Cats

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The Official Publication of the New Zealand Cat Fancy Inc. JUDGES EXAM ON SHOW By Janice Davey The Students’ Exam Show was held in Palmerston North on the 26th November. Our students were Paul Henry (Shorthair), Emma Kimberley (Shorthair), Deb Armishaw (Longhair) and Michelle McGrath (Longhair). I would like to say thank you to all the exhibitors, to the Holden family, Bombay Pet Foods , Nutrience,Wendy McComb, Sally Dennehy, Genevieve Rogerson, Palmerston North Cat Club, Diane Holtom, John Davey, NZCF. Jo Millar. The Students had a great line up of Cats, the judging started at 10.30 and finished by 3.00, we had one hiccup at the show, with a great result at the end. I am pleased to say all students passed the Practical exam, we have some great photos of cats being Judged as well as some of the exhibitors with prize’s. The Longhair Supreme was Ragdoll: Ranchdolls Alexander Owner/breeder S &T Russell. The Shorthair Supreme was Mandalay: Gold Ch Cairistona Blue Logoon Owner/ breeder C &MYeung. I want to wish the NZCF membership a merry christmas and a happy new year and a safe one at that. I would like to thank Chris Lowe, Sue MacKay, Joan Hill, Scott Walker, Annette Dunn, Marion Petley, and EC members for their help with the Show Portfolio. We have a very busy year ahead with shows, with the National Show been held in Christchurch. Paul with a british shorthair (Blue) owners Paul and Kerry Holden Emma Judging a Caramel Lynx Siamese Robandi Pippi Striped Stocking Debbie with aMaine Coon Flurmonz Evening stars Michelle with a Maine Coon Maineflame Night and Day Emma with a Burmilla Cherjon Natalie Michelle with an Exotic TNT Scarlett O’Hara Paul with aToyger Debbie with a NFC Tigervision Baron Jarmon Jaymlykatz White Christmas Pam Halliday Birman Birpur Iza Stunning Chockie Debbie with her top three exhibits S &T Russell with Supreme LH Diane Gaskin Sphynx Ragdoll Ranchdolls Alexander Nudelicious Supreme Sith Lord Christine Simmons FlaSshibeCraiatsn Eternalflame only you Colleen McCready Exotic Eastside Mr Darcy 14 White Norwegian Forest John Stringfellow with his Cat owned by Denise Grace Burmilla CherIjsosnuNea1t6a/l0ie4

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180OUCTATOSF ...in a home with more than one pet have food stolen by other pets throughout the day. www.nzcf.com recTohgeniSseuorsnelyFyoeuoerpdecnMainticg’rsofecohxriipsttPihenetgmmF. eiecrdoecrhip, purr-sonalise each pet’s feeder with different coloured bowls Issue 16/04 Ensures that prescription food is consumed by the right pet Designed for multi-pet homes to stop pets stealing each other’s food Great for pets on weight management diets see more at sureflap.com 15 Flash Cats

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