Verona

 

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Verona - explore the city

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Verona Sirmione – Lago di Garda Parco Natura Viva Luciana Malusà Tuntar i Kristina Matika Ferrara (talijanski jezik) Tamara Perković (povijest) Suzana Poljak (engleski jezik) Igor Serdar (geografija) Sanja Kušar Precali (biologija)

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Verona je drugi najveći grad (poslije Venecije) u regiji Veneto, na rijeci Adige, u neposrednoj blizini jezera Lago di Garda i planinskog masiva Alpa, 100 km zapadno od Venecije. Ima oko 265 000 stanovnika. Grad se, kao i brojni drugi talijanski gradovi razvio u rimsko doba. I danas centar grada leži na sjecištu dviju glavnih ulica izvornog rimskog vojnog kampa, Cardo i Decumanus, što se može vidjeti na fotografijama iz zraka.

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È la piazza più grande di Verona, situata nel centro storico. Il suo nome "Brà" deriva dalla parola tedesca "breit" che significa (larga). Anche oggi la piazza è rimasta uguale, larga con molti spazi liberi e locali confortevoli. Essa è circondata da molti edifici: La passeggiata del Liston. Il termine liston (pl.listoni) indica le lunghe lastre di marmo utilizzate per la pavimentazione delle piazze Arena di Verona Palazzo Barbieri Palača Barbieri Palazzo della Gran Guardia Palača Gran Guardia Il panorama della piazza dell'800 La fontana delle Alpi La piazza Brà oggi

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Rispondi alle domande: o Trova questo bar scatta una foto e scrivi che cosa offre oggi il loro menù: _______________________ ______________________________________________ o Quale forma, secondo te ha la "La fontana delle Alpi" A) di uno scolapasta; B) di uno spremi agrumi; C) di una pentola o Il nome della piazza significa: A) stretta; B) lunga; C) larga Najvažniji i najočuvaniji spomenik iz tog razdoblja je Veronska Arena treći po veličini očuvani rimski amfiteatar (poslije rimskog Koloseja i amfiteatra u Capui na jugu Italije). Izgrađena oko 30. godine (u vrijeme cara Vespazijana, kao i naša u Puli), duga je 139 i široka 110 metara, a mogla je primiti oko 22.000 gledatelja na 44 reda mramornih sjedalica. Današnja dvokatna fasada je zapravo unutarnji potporni zid s lukovima, dok je komad izvanjske trokatne kamene fasade ostao samo na jednom mjestu. Od tog kamena su izgrađene brojne građevine srednjovjekovne Verone. Veličanstveni interijer je ipak netaknut koristi se i dan danas za sajmove, predstave koncerte i operu pod zvijezdama za toplih ljetnih noći.

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 Prisjetite se čemu su služili amfiteatri? S kojim bi ih današnjim građevinama usporedio/la i zašto?  Napravite dvije grupne fotografije, jednu ispred i drugu u unutrašnjosti amfiteatra! ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________  Try to find the symbol of love near the amphitheatre and take a photo! U Veroni se nalaze i drugi spomenici iz rimskog doba: Augustovo kazalište (Augusteo) iz 1. stoljeća pr. Kr. koje je tijekom stoljeća propalo i korišteno kao izvor kamena za stambenu gradnju. U 18. stoljeću, bogati Veronežanin, Andrea Monga, kupio je sve kuće izgrađene na kazalištu, sušio ih i sačuvao ovaj spomenik. Nacrt Augustovog kazališta (Augusteo)  Prisjeti se razvoja grčkog i rimskog kazališta. Kakav oblik imaju i zašto? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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Castelvecchio era la dimora della famiglia Scalieri, che governava la città dal 1262 al 1387. Iz srednjovjekovnog perioda tu je utvrda-palača (danas gradski muzej). Iako se utvrda počela graditi u 14.st. zidine najvećim dijelom potječu iz 16.st., u čijem je sklopu poznata Porta Pallio koju je, kao i zidine sagradio M. Sanmicheli. S dužinom od 48,70 m, lučni most iz 1356. Godine Most Castelvecchio (Ponte Scaligero) je tada bio najveći lučni most na svijetu. Per saperne di più!!! Tutti i castelli della famiglia Scalieri hanno i merli delle mura a forma di coda di rondine.  Prisjeti se na kakvim su se mjestima obično gradile srednjovjekovne utvrde i zašto? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________

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Porta Borsari - drevna vrata, sagrađena u 1. stoljeću kao vojni položaj na jugu grada. Danas se smatra spomenik iz rimskog doba, i jedna je od turističkih atrakcija u gradu. (o più semplicemente piazza Erbe) è la piazza più antica di Verona, è situata sopra l'area del foro romano. Nell'età romana era il centro della vita politica ed economica. Nel 2012 viene considerata la piazza italiana più amata al mondo. Il monumento più antico della piazza è la fontana della statua di (sinistra) è una torre medioevale alta 84 metri ed è l’edificio più alto di Verona. La torre viene costruita dalla potente famiglia Lamberti.(destra)

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Dalla Piazza Erbe si arriva poi in , che era il centro del potere politico medioevale. Al centro della piazza si trova la splendida statua di Dante. è considerato il padre della lingua italiana. È l’autore della famosissima opera La Divina Commedia, che è la più grande opera scritta in italiano ed è uno dei maggiori capolavori della letteratura mondiale. « Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita mi ritrovai per una selva oscura, ché la diritta via era smarrita. » Così iniziano i primi versi….  Qual' è il monumento più antico nella Piazza delle Erbe? ________________________________________________________  Quanto è alta la Torre dei Lamberti? ________________________________________________________  Come si chiama la piazza in cui si trova la statua di Dante Alighieri? ________________________________________________________  Chi era Dante Alighieri? ________________________________________________________  Fa’ una foto alla statua di Dante!

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Verona je i grad poznatih svjetskih ljubavnika, Romea i Julije, a njena je kuća i jedna od najvećih turističkih atrakcija u Veroni. Nalazi se na broju 23 ulice Via Capello, a riječ je o srednjovjekovnoj kući u kojoj je živjela najpoznatija svjetska ljubavnica, kći bogatih veronskih trgovaca začinima. Na kući se nalazi i poznati balkon, važan dio ljubavne igre opjevane u djelu engleskog dramatičara Williama Shakespeara. was one of the best known English playwrights. He wrote thirty-seven plays: -comedies, such as „The Merchant of Venice“, „As You Like It“, „A Midsummer Night´s Dream“ and the „Tempest“; -tragedies, such as „Hamlet“, „Macbeth“, „Othello“ and „Romeo and Juliet“; -historical plays, such as „Richard III“, „Henry IV“, „Julius Caesar“ and „Anthony and Cleopatra“. We know very little about Shakespeare´s life. We know that he was born in Stratford-upon- Avon, in England, in 1564. When he was 18 he married Anne Hathaway, a woman ten years older than himself. He worked in London as an actor and playwright and died in Sratford at the age of 52. Shakespeare´s plays have been translated into almost all languages of the world. ROMEO AND JULIET Romeo and Juliet are the son and daughter of two families who are at war with each other. They meet at the party and fall in love. Even though their families are enemies, Romeo and Juliet swear their love for each other and marry in secret because they know their parents would not allow it. However after the wedding, Romeo gets into a fight with Juliet´s cousin and kills him. The next day he has to flee from the city. When Romeo has gone, Juliet is told by her family that she must marry someone else. She is very upset and goes to see the priest who married her and Romeo. He gives her a sleeping potion that will make it looks as if she is dead. The priest tries to let Romeo know about the plan, but does not manage to tell him in time. Romeo thinks Juliet is dead and kills himself by drinking poison. When Juliet wakes up and finds Romeo dead, she commits suicide with his dagger. a dagger

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COMPLIMENTS Compliment – an expression of praise or flattery. - to pay a compliment (Your English is very good.) - to return a compliment ( Thank you, so is yours.) Compliments can vary in intensity: - friendly - romantic - „cheesy“ – too exaggerated to be taken seriously. Read the compliments below and decide which are friendly (F), which are romantic (R), and which are cheesy (C): 1. You are the most attractive person I´ve ever met. FRC 2. You look nice today. FRC 3. Flowers are jealous of your beauty. FRC 4. You´re my favourite cook. FRC 5. You cook very well. FRC 6. I would walk a thousand miles for one of your meals. F R C Juliet´s balcony - Verona, Italy Romeo and Juliet are the son and daughter of two families at war with each other. They meet at the party and immediately fall in love. Later that night Romeo stands under Juliet´s balcony hoping to catch sight of her. Suddenly, to Romeo´s delight, Juliet appears. When she appears on the balcony, Romeo is full of compliments for her.

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ROMEO: But soft! What light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief, That thou, her maid, art far more fair than she. Be not her maid since she is envious. Her vestal livery is but sick and green, And none but fools do wear it. Cast it off. It is my lady. Oh, it is my love. Oh, that she knew she were! She speaks, yet she says nothing. What of that? Her eye discourses. I will answer it. I am too bold. ´Tis not to me she speaks. Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, Glossary yonder over there art are vestal livery pure white clothing discourses speaks Having some business, do entreat her eyes To twinkle in their spheres till they return. ´tis doth it is does What if her eyes were there, they in her head? The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars As daylight doth a lamp. Her eye in heaven Would through the airy region stream so bright That birds would sing and think it were not night. See how she leans her cheek upon her hand. Oh, that I were a glove upon that hand That I might touch that cheek! *translate at least four lines of Romeo´s speech into contemporary language.

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1) Is Romeo actually talking to Juliet? How do you know? _______________________________________________________________ 2) What three things does Romeo compare Juliet to? _______________________________________________________________ 3) Can you find the six other words associated with light in his speech? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 4) Do you think that Romeo's compliments are romantic or cheesy? ________________________________________________________________ O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse thy name, Or if thou will not, be but sworn my love, and I´ll no longer be a Capulet. 1) What is Juliet worried about? a. Romeo's language b. Romeo's father c. Romeo's name 2) What does Juliet want Romeo to do? a. Pledge his love for her b. Stop swearing so much c. Tell her where he is Glossary wherefore wilt not art thou thy why will not are you your

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Complete the second half of Juliet's speech with the missing words: HAND, ENEMY, NAME, MAN, SWEET, ROSE ´Tis but thy name that is my _________________. Thou art thyself, though not a Montague. What´s Montague? Iti s nor _______________, nor foot, Nor arm nor face, nor any other part Belonging to a _________________. O, be some other name! What˙s in a name? That which we call a _______________ By any other word would smell as __________________. So Romeo would, were he not Romeo called, Retain that dear perfecton which he owes Without that title, Romeo, doff thy name, And for that _____________ which is no part of thee Take all myself. Glossary ´tis it is owes owns doff take off  Take a photo of Juliet's statue and her balcony!!!  Find and take a photo of the messages in English and in Italian. Copy them. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

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Contemporary translation of the balcony scene ROMEO: Read: But wait! What is that light in the window? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Rise fair sun and eclipse the jealous moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief, That you, her servant, are more beautiful than she is. Don’t be her servant because she’s jealous of you. Her pure white clothing is really green in colour, And only foolish people wear it. Take it off. It is my lady. Oh, it is my love. I wish she knew I loved her! Her lips are moving, but she isn’t saying anything. What does that mean? Her eyes are speaking. I will answer them. No, I am too forward. She isn’t speaking to me. Two of the brightest stars in the sky, Needing to do something somewhere else, ask her eyes To twinkle in their place till they come back. What if her eyes and the stars changed places? Her cheeks would shine brighter and show up the stars Just like daylight is brighter than a lamp. Her eyes in the sky Would stream so brightly through the night skies That birds would sing and think that it wasn’t night-time. Look at the way she leans her cheek upon her hand. Oh, I wish I was a glove upon her hand So I could touch her cheek.

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