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August 2016

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REAL WORLD INSIDE Real Time Operating System and Embedded Systems IoTWThaeveNeoxft Enterprise Digital Transformation 50eletimes.com US $7.5, €5 Singapore $10 RNI No. DELENG/2012/45770, Mailed on 27-28th of Advance Month Delhi Postal Reg. No. DL(E)20/5424/2016-2018 Vol : 5, Issue 8, August 2016, Monthly Pages - 68 Next Issue Celebrating th ANNIVERSARY in conjunction with September 21-23, 2016 | BIEC, Bengaluru WHhellao Etngainreeers! you making today? wwLeoitarhdkiidnneggshdigaisnntderniibnguigntleooevrrses

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Consultant, Designing & Manufacturing House OUR SERVICES CKD/SKD Kitting of LED Products Customized LED Lighting Solutions Provider Research & Development of Consumer Electronics, Telecommunication, Power Sector, Automotive, Medical, IT, Defense, Instrumentation and General Electronics Solar Home Lights, Street Lights and Power Plant Designs Customized Chandelier Designs CONSULTANT OF NEW MANUFACTURING UNIT MAKE IN INDIA

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NOTION Action is eloquence @devendra1963 If winter comes, can spring be far behind and the night is darkest just before dawn – a see-saw event in the history of electronics since 1970s finally saw day light in the year 2014. Sweet are the uses of adversity, not because it is painful but for its toil culminates in success. Year 2010, the birth year of ELE Times, passed through a lean period of the industry as long as four years, finally saw ray of hope for electronics market to succeed with the advent of Modi government. Now ELE Times, with a broad spectrum of print, online, digital and broadcasting, interacts and touches upon the largest electronics fraternity in India and the world. A man has to live with himself, and he should see to it that he is always in good company. But misery acquaints a man with strange bedfellows. The whole of electronics industry remained witness to the phenomena in the last decade of misery and misfortune. The survival for Indian manufacturer and entrepreneur in electronics industry was not easy while the rules of the land were the antithesis to the very business. But the indomitable courage and prudence of Indian businessmen kept them alive not in the business but in spirit, that spring up again like a sphinx. Then comes the government in 2014 who have India in the core of their hearts. The policies got overhauled and decisions were actually taken having Make in India as the central theme. The things started taking shape. Now we have a clear vision of thoughts and actions. While celebrating its sixth anniversary ELE Times is committed to the cause of Indian electronics industry for its growth and assures total support to Indian entrepreneurs to the best possible extent. To make the program succeed, an unbiased political will is a must. Centre government along with the state governments could dare to dream which India could not do in seventy years. With all policy advantages, India is ready to take off in electronics domain. Thanks to new government’s initiative, India became the largest FDI destination leaving behind China and the USA. The brand India and international community’s confidence in India further strengthened the hope of becoming the hub of manufacturing. Indigenous entrepreneurs and traders sprung up to convalescence. Recalling 2014, people at large brought about the change in the form of Modi through the last general election. With the last government we were stable with the thoughts that this is the government of corruption and inaction. But with the new person in place we were even more unstable as to what the man would be like, though we had solace of Gujarat model. Nevertheless, people are in the habit of reading gestures. For face is like a book, where men may read strange matters, hence apprehension persists for months together. As there was no doubt in his credentials, his life is gentle and the elements so mixed in him, that nature may stand up, and say to all the world, this is a man and India is on its path again. Strong reasons make strong actions, that is why our journey which started in 2010 with a meager ELE Times magazine stride to online, digital and broadcasting to give the industry a very cost effective solutions. Let us come and celebrate together the success of India in the making as electronic giant. I wish you all the joy you can wish Enjoy Reading ELE Times. Devendra Kumar Editor devendra@newdelhimedia.co.in ELE Times | 06 | August, 2016

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Innovation Everywhere Digital Position Sensor ICs Hall-effect digital position sensor ICs detect movement and position via changes in magnetic flux density. Allegro is the market leader in magnetic sensor ICs* with one of the industry’s broadest portfolios of switch, latch, and speed & direction ICs. They are contactless, require few external components, and are AEC-Q100 qualified. We continue to add new and exciting products: • Vertical Hall sensing enables new, smaller, lower-cost system form-factors and revolutionizes motors/encoders, delivering quadrature signals independent of magnet pitch. • Allegro-developed packaging integrates the typical discrete components for improved EMC performance and PCB-less sensor implementations. • Patented self-test features for safety-critical systems required to meet ISO 26262 (ASIL) guidelines. * per IHS Magnetic Sensors Market Tracker, 2H 2014 Visit our website to review product datasheets • Seat position • Seat motors • Occupant weight • Seat belt buckles • Seat belt pretensioners • Console / glove box light switch • Blower motors • Air mix doors • Mirror position • Wiper motors • Wiper position • Throttle position (TPS) • Valve position • Brake light switch • Clutch pedal position • Driver controls / PRNDL • Gear position / speed • T-case motors • Headlight position • Electric pumps / Fans Hood latch / light switch • Electric turbo motors • Trunk latch / light switch • Convertible top motors • Shifter position • EPS hand wheel (index) position • HUD position • Ride height / suspension position • Electric parking brakes • Window motors (anti-pinch) allegromicro.com/MDPSIC716 115 Northeast Cutoff, Worcester, Massachusetts 01606 USA 508.853.5000 AvantGarde Solutions Pvt Limited Godrej Coliseum, C-301 3rd Floor, Behind Everard Nagar, Off Eastern Express Highway, Sion Mumbai, INDIA 400 022 Phone: +91-22-49222600 Email: contact@avantgardesolutions.in

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contents 34 Cover Story mWHheaalkliotngaErtneogydionauey?ers! Issue Focus Bulletin 10 Innovation 14 Bacteria 'wind farms' could power electronic devices Technology 16 The Next Wave of IoT Enterprise Digital Transformation Technology 20 Extremely Low Power Instruments Appliances for the Internet of Things OS Next 26 REAL WORLD INSIDE Real Time Operating System and Embedded Systems Cyber Crime 32 SSL Attack on the rise T&M 46 Simulating Electrical Disturbances in the Electrical Systems of Road Vehicles Wearable 50 Wearable Technology Shortening the Design Cycle In Conversation “Currently, there is a growing need for engineers in the country to understand the latest developments in the technology domain: Ravi Pagar” 54 Company Watch 56 Silizon Technologies: From Concept to Manufacturing In Conversation 57 STMicroelectronics : Is at the center of evolution of MEMS and Sensors industry New Products 59 Vishal Goyal STMicroelectronics Vol : 5, Issue 08, August, 2016 Editor Devendra Kumar Publisher Shailesh Shukla Sub Editors Chandan Singh Rathore Chief Correspondent Dr. Ajay Shukla Corporate Communication Shilpa Shukla Sales & Marketing Shailesh Shukla Design & Print Production Jitendra Sagar Atul Kumar Tiwari Director Technical-Advisory Board K. R. Sripathy Human Resource Development Dr. Anjana Singh Legal Advisor Dharmendra Rajput Sr. Advocate High Court, Delhi Online Media Organisor Sandeep Verma Service Support Rajkumar Corporate Office : A-159, 3rd Floor Vikas Marg Delhi - 110092 (India) Tel : +91-11-42754100, 42750100, 64641886 E-mail : info@newdelhimedia.co.in Editorial enquiriesELE Times, eletimes.com, aerodef.in, eletimeswire.com Chandan Singh Rathore (011-42750100 Ext- 25) E-mail: edit@newdelhimedia.co.in ELE Times TV Shilpa Shukla (011-42750100 Ext- 22) E-mail: eletimestv@newdelhimedia.co.in Advertisement enquiries (India & Intl)Shilpa Shukla (011-42750100 Ext- 22) E-mail: shilpa@newdelhimedia.co.in Events/Media Partnership Shailesh Shukla (011-42750100) E-mail: shailesh@newdelhimedia.co.in Contributing Authors Amol Ranade | Schneider Electric Chris Maccallum | Microchip Nishant Mittal | IIT Bombay Jason Tollefson | Microchip Technology Inc. Dimitri Malsam | Keysight Technologies Printed and Published by Mr. Shailesh Shukla for and on behalf of New Delhi Print Media Pvt. Ltd. from A-159, 3rd Floor, Vikas Marg, Delhi-110092, Phone No.: 01142754100, 42750100 and printed at MP Printers, B-220, Phase-II, Noida, Gautambuddh Nagar (UP) Pin - 201305 The opinions expressed by authors to ELE Times are not necessarily those of the editor or publisher. ELE Times may not be reproduced in whole or in part without prior permission of the publisher. Copyright © 2016 ........... All rights reserved. Reproduction in any manner is prohibited

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NEWS Electrolube Opens Manufacturing Plant In India The global electro-chemicals manufacturer has established the new manufacturing facility in Bangalore, strategically located close to the major electronics manufacturing hubs of Southern India, offering the advantages of shorter lead times and complete reliability of supply. Electrolube India has run a successful technical sales operation in the city since 2012, and opened a new warehouse facility shortly afterwards in the Mumbai suburb of Bhiwandi. Electrolube India’s Sales Manager, Padmanabha Shaktivelu, added, “Electrolube’s business and reputation have grown exponentially since our initial opening in India four years ago. There is enormous potential for growth in India with endless opportunities for Electrolube’s speciality products to help customers find new solutions to old problems. We have also discovered that local manufacturers are keen to enhance their green credentials and we will be investing further in promoting our ecofriendly, aromatic-free conformal coatings and water-based cleaning solutions, as well as the full range of coatings, greases, resins and cleaning products.” The new factory will be formally inaugurated at a ceremony to be held at the Bangalore site in August 2016, in the presence of Electrolube's management team and key local industry personalities and customers Allegro appoints new president and chief operating officer Allegro MicroSystems, LLC, and its Board of Directors, has appointed Ravi Vig as President and Chief Operating Officer of Allegro and as a member of the Sanken North America, Inc. (SKNA) Board of Directors. Ravi previously held the position of Senior Vice President, Technology & Business Development. Since joining the company in 1984, Mr. Vig has spearheaded significant strategic and advanced technology projects that have contributed to Allegro’s overall growth and success. In 2015, Allegro reached a major milestone of 500 million dollars in revenue. Mr. Vig, was a contributing factor to this key advancement in the company’s history. “I am honored to lead the company into its next stage of growth and profitability. I look forward to strengthening Allegro’s position as an industry leader in magnetic sensing and power IC’s. said Mr. Vig. Government To Generate 146 MW Of Solar Power at Airports The government aims to generate a total of 146 MW of solar power at various airports across the country. The Ministry of Civil Aviation disclosed this information after a meeting to review the progress of energy and water conservation measures at Airports Authority of India's (AAI's) airports. The meet was attended by Union Minister of Civil Aviation Ashok Gajapathi Raju, along with other top officials from the ministry and the AAI. According to the ministry, AAI has already installed solar power plants at 16 airports with a total capacity of 5.4 MW. "So far, 51 lakh energy units have been generated from these plants leading to a reduction of 4,600 metric tonnes in carbon emissions," the ministry said in a statement. "By December 2016, additional 24.1 MW of solar power plants will become operational at 11 more airports." The ministry further elaborated that under the perspective plan, AAI has targeted to augment its solar power generation to 116 MW by including 16 more airports. The minister directed that an airport-wise action plan on both energy and water conservation should be developed by AAI within a month. ELE Times | 10 | August, 2016

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NEWS Mouser Signs Global Distribution Agreement with VIA Technologies Mouser Electronics has announced a global distribution agreement with VIA Technologies, a global leader in the development of highly integrated embedded platform and system solutions for machine-to-machine (M2M), Internet of Things (IoT), and smart city applications. The VIA product line, now available at Mouser Electronics, consists of a series of powerful, highly integrated boards and modules that enable the rapid development of embedded system designs based on industry-standard PicoITX and ETX form factors. The VIA EPIA-P910 integrates the advanced performance of a 1.2GHz VIA Eden X4 processor with a media system processor (MSP), and a rich set of inputs and outputs (I/O) and connectivity features, including two USB 3.0 ports, one Gigabit Ethernet port, one Mini HDMI port, and one VGA port. The VIA EPIA-M910 is available with a 1.2GHz VIA QuadCore ESeries (with fan) processor, 1.6GHz VIA Nano X2 E-Series processor, or a fanless 1.0GHz VIA Eden X2 processor. The board also includes an MSP, onboard HDMI and VGA ports, two 18/24-bit LVDS connectors, dual Gigabit Ethernet ports, and support for up to eight USB 2.0 ports and eight COM ports. The VIA ETX-8X90 is a highly-integrated embedded multimedia module with native ISA/PCI support for legacy expansion cards and applications. Powered by a 1.2GHz VIA Nano X2 E-Series dual-core processor and VIA VX900 MSP, the board offers exceptional processing and multimedia performance and provides an easy upgrade path for existing ETX devices. The VIA VAB600, VAB-820, and VAB-1000 Pico-ITX boards combine rich I/O connectivity with low power consumption to offer a choice of ultra-reliable, cost-efficient ARM platforms. The VAB-600 features an 800MHz processor, the VAB-820 a 1.0GHz quad core NXP system on chip (SoC), and the VAB1000 a 1.0GHz dual core VIA Elite E1000 SoC. Infineon to acquire Wolfspeed for $850 million The Combination further strengthens Infineon as leading supplier of power and radio-frequency (RF) power solutions in high-growth markets such as electromobility, renewables and next-generation cellular infrastructure relevant for the Internet of Things (IoT). The acquisition of Wolfspeed further enables Infineon to provide the most compelling power solutions with the broadest offering in compound semiconductors including silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride on silicon (GaNon-Si), and gallium nitride on silicon carbide (GaN-on-SiC) Infineon Technologies and Cree has announced that Infineon has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire the Wolfspeed Power and RF division (“Wolfspeed”) of Cree. The deal also includes the related SiCwafer substrate business for power and RF power. The purchase price for this planned all-cash transaction is US Dollar 850 million (approximately Euro 740 million).This acquisition will enable Infineon to provide the broadest offering in compound semiconductors and will further strengthen Infineon as a leading supplier of power and RF power solutions in high-growth markets such as electro-mobility, renewables and next-generation cellular infrastructure relevant for IoT. Google To Train 2 Million Mobile Developers In India In a bid to support Indian government's Skill India initiative, technology giant Google has launched its "Android Skilling and Certification" programme to help make the country a global hub of high-quality mobile developers. The programme aims to train two million mobile developers by unveiling a slew of initiatives to skill up, educate and certify millions of talended students and developers in Android development. "With nearly four million developers, India is expected to have largest developer population globally by 2018. But today, only 25 per cent of them are building for mobile," Caesar Sengupta, Vice President (Product Management) at Google. In addition to all public and private universities and training institutes of the National Skill Development Corporation of India, the course will be available free of charge on NTPEL (an initiative of IITs and IISc) as part of its online "Mobile Computing" course, starting from July 18. Google has tied up with training partners like Edureka, Koenig, Manipal Global, Simplilearn, Udacity and UpGrad who will operate as authorised Android training partners in India. After training, the aspiring candidates can log on to the Google Developer training website and take the certification exam priced at Rs 6,500. Govt aims to make India design hub, new national policy likely To encourage companies to focus on innovation in product and process design, and with an eye on making India a global design hub, the industry department is planning to come up with a new national design policy. The new policy will replace the current one approved in February 2007 and focus on promoting specific sectors such as defence, medical devices and electronics, a government official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. “The government will financially incentivise approved designs to turn them into mass market products,” the official said. The National Design Council (NDC), under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), launched India Design Mark or I Mark in 2010 in partnership with the Good Design Award in Japan (G Mark). All types of mass-produced products are eligible for the India Design Mark. They can include consumer electronics, computer and communication products, machine tools, construction machinery, lighting systems, white goods, household appliances, capital goods, medical equipment, toys, vehicles, and agricultural machinery among others. The government has already set up an NID in Vijayawada and the Kurukshetra NID is expected to start its academic session this year. The Union cabinet has approved two more NIDs in Bhopal and Jorhat. ELE Times | 12 | August, 2016

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9th IPCA Electronics India Expo 2016 in Delhi The expo scheduled at Pragati Maidan at Hall 7 from 18th August- 20th August, 2016. The 9th IPCA which acts as a platform to bridge the gap and provides an opportunity to interact with the manufactures, traders along with the top shots of the electronics industry. The exhibition plans to revolutionize the 'Make in India' concept and create an ecosystem for the existing and new players of the electronics industry. It will highlight the key components and equipments along with other allied industries, thus covering the entire value-added chain of the electronics industry. This 9th IPCA expo is focused not only towards the PCB industry but also is focusing to LED and LED lightings, Power Electronics, Electronics Manufacturing and Services etc. The Key segments of the show for Visitors are: • LED & Lighting Industries • Automotive Electronics • Defense • Aerospace • Industrial Automation • Consumer Electronics • Telecom & Broadcasting • IT Hardware • Renewable Energy • Academia • PCB & PCBA • Power Electronics • Components for Electronics • Electronics Manufacturing Services • Test and Measurement and other Equipment • Wires & Cables visit the site www.ipca-expo.in NEWS ELE Times | 13 | August, 2016

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INNOVATION Bacteria 'wind farms' could power electronic devices The movement of bacteria could be used to provide a power source for electronics, according to a team of scientists from Oxford University. The suggested system involves the turning of cylindrical rotors and is “self-organized.” The study showed that the swarming effect of bacteria can be arranged into biologically driven power plants, similar to mini “wind farms.” Researchers said the system could potentially pave way for powering smart phones and other small electronic devices. “The most exciting thing is that the system organized itself,” coauthor of the report, Tyler Shendruk, said, “We didn’t have to engineer fancy gear-shaped rotors, they were just smooth discs.” The team of researchers released the bacteria’s around microscopic rotors, which stimulated them to swim together prompting what scientists refer to as “active turbulence.” The key finding was placing an entire array of rotors in active turbulence. The team discovered that as long as the rotors were close enough together, every single rotor in the simulation permanently obeyed the pattern. However, the system produced the tiniest imaginable amount of power. 'Iron sandwich' might enable future electronic devices Scientists have created ring structure based on iron molecules and say it could be used for new applications in electronics and sensing. The work is based on ferrocene, a molecule discovered in the 1950s. This comprises two rings of hydrogen and carbon bound to either side of an iron atom. Working with a team from the University of Konstanz, researchers from Imperial College London have created a series of rings containing ferrocene molecules linked directly to create a molecular ‘daisy chain’. When the team investigated the way in which electrical charge is handled by the rings, it discovered that interactions between individual ferrocene units resulted in an unusual charging behaviour of the entire ring. Adjusting the charge on one ferrocene unit causes the other units in the ring to re-arrange their charges without transferring the charge itself. This would avoid heating the molecules as the charge passes through, as happens with conventional electronics. This is said to be similar to the way in which some small metal nanoparticles behave. The properties of these nanoparticles mean they are being investigated for use as ‘molecular switches’. The study’s first author Dr Michael Inkpen added: “Given that there has now been more than 60 years of research into sandwich compounds, it was thrilling to uncover a new family of ferrocene based materials with such remarkable properties. Whilst they are structurally quite simple, to the eye of a chemist they appear rather beautiful.” The researchers will now continue to investigate the electrical properties of the ring structures and how they might be used in computers. Researchers Develop Rechargeable Zinc Battery Researchers from Stanford University and Toyota have developed a novel battery design for grid-scale energy storage. The battery has electrodes made of zinc and nickel, inexpensive metals that are available commercially. Tiny fibers called dendrites that form on the zinc electrode during charging can eventually reach the nickel electrode, causing the battery to short circuit and fail. Researchers solved the dendrite problem by redesigning the battery. Instead of having the zinc and nickel electrodes face one another, as in a conventional battery, the researchers separated them with a plastic insulator and wrapped a carbon insulator around the edges of the zinc electrode. “With our design, zinc ions are reduced and deposited on the exposed back surface of the zinc electrode during charging,” Shougo Higashi, a visiting scientist from Toyota Central R&D Labs Inc. and lead author of the study, said “Therefore, even if zinc dendrites form, they will grow away from the nickel electrode and will not short the battery.” A conventional zinc (Zn) battery (left) short circuit when dendrites growing from the zinc anode make contact with the metal cathode. The redesigned battery (right) uses plastic and carbon insulators to prevent zinc dendrites from reaching the cathode. The team charged and discharged the battery more than 800 times without shorting. Yi Cui, associate professor of materials science and engineering at Stanford, said the simple design could be applied to a wide range of metal batteries. The technology would also be advantageous for solar and wind farms—or anywhere that requires great energy storage. ELE Times | 14 | August, 2016

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