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CIAM - Museo Urbano

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CIAM. THE MUSEUM-TOWN OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE CIAM, an acronym of Carbonia Itinerari dell’Architettura Moderna, is structured into an open air museum, the type of museum which, in recent years, has been experimented in various contexts and territories. Its main aim is to promote the town’s original architectonic heritage and to organise a series of actions necessary for restoring a significance to the newly founded town, a prerequisite for upgrading it. The itinerary is established in relation to places to visit and themes. It is interspersed with themed exhibits, major junctures, illustrating specific subjects relating to the architecture and town planning of the newly founded towns. I. LA GRANDE MINIERA At Serbariu, the exhibit narrates the beginning of the Coal adventure, showing the places where it was produced and the mines and telling the story of the technological effort Italy made in the thirties. This is also the site of the museum of CICC (Centro Italiano della Cultura del Carbone) and other exhibition areas, making a visit to Serbariu a combination of various museums and cultural activities. Here the visitor will find all the information he needs (guidebook, brochures etc.) for his visit and can also take a guided tour of the town. II. LA CITTÀ DI FONDAZIONE In Piazza Roma the exhibit shows how the town was founded and built. In Via Gramsci and Piazza Repubblica there is the exhibit . III. LA RESIDENZA on the theme of housing, from the extensive type of collective housing typical of the city garden to the public amenities found in each neighbourhood. IV. GLI ARCHITETTI In Piazza Iglesias and Via Sanzio the exhibit tells the story of the architects of Carbonia. V. ORIGINE DEL SISTEMA DEL CARBONE The exhibit is in Piazza Santa Barbara, Bacu Abis. VI. PROGETTI PER LA CITTÀ RAZIONALE The exhibit is in Piazza Venezia, Cortoghiana. C A R B O N I A I T I N E R A R I D E L L’ A R C H I T E T T U R A M O D E R N A w w w. c o m u n e . c a r b o n i a . c i . i t w w w. c o m u n e . c a r b o n i a . c i . i t / v i r t u a l t o u r Municipality of Carbonia Giampaolo Porcedda, general coordination Department of Architecture, University of Cagliari Antonello Sanna and Giorgio Peghin, scientific and planning coordination Stefano Asili, graphic project collaborators: Antonella Sanna, Giaime Meloni, Carlo Pisano C A R B O N I A I T I N E R A R I D E L L’ A R C H I T E T T U R A M O D E R N A This publication is made within the ARCHEOMEDSITES project “Safeguard, valorisation and management quality. Use of the management models for the archaeological sites and urban contexts” ENPI CBC MED -IIB/4. 3/1022. Carbonia Municipality persons in charge of the ARCHEOMEDSITES project Giuseppe Casti (Mayor), Loriana Pitzalis (Culture Councilor), Mauro Esu (City Planner Councilor), Giorgio Desogus (Director I Service), Giampaolo Porcedda (Director II Service), Elio Mei (Responsible for Culture Department), Enrico Potenza (Responsible for City Planner Department), Anna Deriu (Administrative Instructor for Culture Department)

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V VI The “Great Mine” of Serbariu, built in 1936 near Serbariu, a small village in the south Sardinia, was one of the largest coal seams in Italy. All the engineering works realised, such as the Lamp Room or the monumental mine shafts that penetrate the ground to a depth of 310 meters from sea level, represent a unique archaeology industrial heritage in all Europe. The project of Carbonia is an authentic collective work, a coherent synthesis of the design cultures of the Modern Movement: the massive and traditionalist architecture of PulitzerFinali (Trieste), the monumental works of Guidi and Valle (Rome), the rationalistic synthesis of Montuori, the urban experimentations of Muratori and Pagano. III II I Carbonia is the most important Italian planned city wanted by the Fascist Regime. Designed in 1937 and inaugurated in December 1938, it represents a model of functional and innovative garden city inside the modern city planning and a valuable complex of the early twentieth century architecture works. The origins of Carbonia are linked to the mine village of Bacu Abis, built between 1914 and 1916 and extended from 1935 with the constitution of the Azienda Carboni Italiana (ACaI – Italian Coal Company). The urban structure follows the model of the “mine entrance” settlement and is completed by a residential and public expansion focused on the new monumental Piazza Santa Barbara. IV THE MEMORY of the place, its work, its history, its struggles THE IDENTITY THE PROJECT of a community opening up new prospects of a town sustainable and able to safeguard its historic, architectural an human heritage The vast residential heritage of Carbonia is undoubtedly a “monument”, developing in perfect hierarchical order from the centre; the residential system offers a detailed catalogue of typologies and construction techniques developed in Italy during the autarchy: the villa of the Director, the houses for managers and employees, and the extended working class settlement mainly formed by four-family houses with garden. The construction of the new village of Cortoghiana is the last work realised within the Carbonia project. Designed by the Roman architect Saverio Muratori, it represents one of the most interesting examples of the Italian modern city planning, a city-form architecture that integrates collective spaces, public and residential buildings into a single entity.

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