Indian Monthly October 2015 Edition

 

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FREE Vol-2 ISSUE-10 October 2015 M NTHLY MELBOURNE’S LOCAL INDIAN NEWSPAPER www.indianmonthly.com.au INDIAN October 2015 / www.bollywoodsun.com.au There is no point of being ready or not for the exposing scenes: Zarine Khan I wasn’t looking for a challenge: Irrfan Khan I am mentally affected... As a character it is something I haven’t experienced: Priyanka Chopra All men must marry much younger women: Kareena Kapoor Khan Odisha girl wins ‘Community Impact Award’ at the prestigious Google Science Fair STUNNING MODELS MESMERIZED THE AUDIENCE @ MMG 2015 AN EVENING FULL OF GLAMOUR AND BEAUTY US President Barack Obama names three Indian-Americans to Advisory Body App to cut bad eating habits developed by Indian-origin Duo

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 3 PUBLISHER / editor-in-cHIEF Yogita Bhardwaj CEO / editor Avniesh Bhardwaj JOURNALIST VINITA MALHOTRA MARKETING Vidya Santosh WEB DEVELOPER / graphic designer GAURAV KAPOOR GRAPHIC PREPRESS Sarabjit Sidhu CUSTOMER SERVICE & DISTRIBUTION Munish Kumar From the Publisher’s desk As the temperatures are soaring high, Melburnians are coming out from their comfy abodes to enjoy sun bathing and at times the drizzels as you can’t predict Melbourne weather. And with the happy season moods are happy too. The most awaited beauty pageant of the year has just been over with such a marvellous response. Congrats to Simran Sethi and Shagoon Bhasin for such a successful event. The news is that you don’t have to worry about the extra calories you consume. There is someone to remind you every time you eat something unhealthy. Yes! Two Indian-American scientists have designed a new smartphone app that will record your erratic eating habits throughout the day. US President Barack Obama has named three Indian-Americans to an advisory council on faith-based neighbourhood partnerships that brings together religious and secular leaders and experts in their fields. There are a number of events happening in upcoming months including Wyndham Durga Puja on 24th and 25th October, Bohemia performing live on 23rd October and Badshah performing on 2nd November Yogita Bhardwaj No material in Indian Monthly, including advertisements, may be reproduced in without the written consent of the editor. Opinions carried in Indian Monthly are solely those of the writers, and not necessarily endorsed by Indian Monthly . All correspondence should be addressed to: Avyosa Pty Ltd ABN:94 196 825 236 Level 1, 55 Walsh St, West Melbourne, VIC 3003 Ph: 03 9600 9227, 0400 988 402 FAX:03 9326 5722 Email: yabs@yabs.com.au IDEAL TRAVEL SERVICES CHEAP FARES, ANYTIME Lowest Airfares to INDIA From $830* Cheapest Airfares Guaranteed 24/7 Call Us Anytime, Any day... CALL US NOW !!! T. (03) 9748 6549 M. 0405 493 732 *Conditions Apply | Price is Subject to Availability of seats and price can change with or without notice at any time. Fly SINGAPORE AIRLINES by march 31st to get $40 gift coupon. Valid only on Singapore airlines and silk Air flights transiting through Singapore. www.indianmonthly.com.au

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4 INDIAN MONTHLY | OCTOBER 2015 Waterless toilet in Rural India to put an end to open defecation Dr Kishore Munshi, senior professor and former dean of the Industrial Design Center at IIT-Bombay has developed the Dry San to reduce open defecation, improve hygiene and help vulnerable sections including women and children. The Dry San Hygienic Rural Toilet is a waterless system where waste doesn’t have to be flushed. Dr Munshi iterated, “The project has been developed for rural India, targeting mainly the farming community with the basic premise that there is dearth of water in most rural areas. Thus, the flush toilet cannot be part of the solution. Therefore, an autonomous solution based on water-less or minimal water usage was invented” The Dry San has been developed after garnering financial support from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, along with CTech, an IIT-B incubated designed company. It comes in various dimensions, along with an easy manual. While work on the project started in 2011, the final product was ready by 2014. For starters, a design was put in place, which is not only easy to build but maintain too. “ Prof Munshi further added, “In the conventional water-based sanitation system, there is heavy use of water to maintain the water-trap and for flushing requirements. Flush-toilets and sewerage systems not only involve huge infrastructure and high maintenance costs, they also cannot ensure a clean environment, which is more likely to happen in rural, semiurban situations.” The Dry San converts waste material, which otherwise pollutes land and water bodies, into a resource (fertilizer from urine and manure from solid waste) for the farmer. The conversion is done by non-chemical and natural aerobic decomposition, facilitated by a patented design. Another highlight that sets this design apart from others is that, while in septic tanks, there are chances of poisonous gases leading to explosions, there are no gases formed in Dry San’s underground pit. Water is seeped into soil and only solid waste remains, which eventually decomposes. “If a family of five uses this toilet every day, they can open the pit once in eight or ten years to clean the decomposed waste, which can easily be used as fertilizer,” added Prof Munshi. While there have been various sanitation projects introduced by the government, most have lacked maintenance. “During an all-India survey, we found out that most public toilets use ceramic tiles, which eventually give away and make the toilet unusable. Instead, our design uses stainless steel-easy to use and maintain,” he added. Building one Dry San toilet from scratch can cost up to Rs 70,000, including labour cost. This cost can be reduced if they are built in bulk. One of the first such units was placed at a labour camp next to the IIT-B campus, where labourers have been using it. “The workers decided that this particular cubicle will be used only women and children. After a year, it’s still functioning well. BMC authorities have also touched base with us to place such toilets in slums that are note accessible to the main drainage system of the city,” he said. www.indianmonthly.com.au

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 5 Stunning models mesmerized the audience @ MMG 2015 An evening full of glamour and beauty her and he had full faith she’ll not let him down. Preeti did an amazing job and won accolades from the audience as well. Shagoon said, “Preeti who was the strength of the show did a fantastic job.” She added, “It was the first time experience and we are learning as well.” Simran remarked, “If you want to do something, do it with your full intention and work hard. Nothing is hard if you believe in yourself” There were critics as well he said who commented it will be hard to pull off but Simran kept following his passion. He feels proud and elated when the same critics appreciated him after the show. “When I have initiated something, I won’t look back, even if I get 15 contestants, I’ll put up a show no matter what,” said Simran who believes ‘if we don’t take the advantage of first chance, life never gives you a second chance.’ “If I don’t do it now, I won’t be able to do it anytime.” He was delighted to see young beautiful models’ trust in him which he said, he’ll never break. Simran who believes ‘nothing is impossible’ has a message for all: “It’s not only modelling, media and fashion- doesn’t matter what field it be. If you have passion for something, work hard for that, you’ll definitely find a way to success.” Shagoon has a message for everyone out there, “If you feel you have something special in you, go for it. And if there is something holding you back, just get over it because it’s always now or never.” She added, “You should never regret to what you have done, winning and losing are a part of life.” The judges for the pageant included Yogita Bhardwaj, Tanya Jay, Virosh Perera, Kamaldip Kahma and Sandeep Raj who said the judgement was really hard all the contestants looked marvelous and the performances were commendable. Mrs Tripti was crowned as Mrs Melbourne Glamorous 2015 whereas Mrs Gagan grabbed the title of Mrs India Glamourous 2015. Sophi was crowned as Ms Melbourne Glamorous 2015 and Ms Priya got the title of Ms Multicultural Melbourne 2015. Mr Ron was awarded with the title of Mr Melbourne Glamorous 2015 whereas Mr Sidhant got the title of Mr India Glamorous. The title of Mr Multiculture 2015 was taken by Mr Manpreet. 10th of October was a special evening when 27 stunning models walked up the ramp and stole the hearts of many @ MMG 2015 (Ms/Mrs/Mr Melbourne Glamorous). The beauty pageant which is one of its kind has just kick started this year and the response it has got is amazing. It gives a platform to the younger generation to showcase their talent in modelling and media industry. Thanks to the organizers Simran Sethi and Shagoon Bhasin who went out of their way to make the event successful. It is also first such show to be organized and put forward in Melbourne by a North Indian. The evening was attended by an overwhelming crowd of more than 500 excited Melburnians who waited till 1:30 am, curious to know the results. Preet Daga, emceed the event in a beautiful manner and entertained the audience for long 6 hours at a stretch. Simran Sethi also known as the Salman Khan of Melbourne won the title of Mr India Melbourne 2014. It was then he decided not to go for another beauty pageant but to start one of his own and provide a platform to the young people to come out of their abodes and exhibit their talents. He talked to Shagoon whom he met at another Beauty Pageant last year and she straightaway responded in affirmative to support him. But it was not an easy job to just start off with an event. It needed to be sponsored and there were times when people just let them down as it was its first year. But the passion for fashion and an ambition to do something didn’t let the team demotivate. Shagoon who won the title of Ms India Melbourne 2014 and later went to the US for the international pageant, won there as well has been an active support throughout the four months journey of MMG. Shagoon loved being a major part of the pageant, “We didn’t have an idea it’s going to be on such a scale,” she said and hopes to make it better in future. She felt overjoyed when she saw the audience’s response during the show. “It was a houseful show and we had to close the doors at a certain point.” She remarked that it was not an easy task as in the beginning and they had to work really hard. She used to sleep for four hours each day during the four months period which she said was important to take the event to a different level. As Simran Says, “I had trust in myself. It was not the piece of cake for everyone.” It was even hard to get the contestants in the beginning. “There were only six contestants in the first month and I was not sure where are we going,” said Simran. He used to sleep only for 3-4 hours a day and his hard work has paid off. Shagoon iterated, “Initially, we were worried if we’ll be able to pull off with such a less number of contestants” Eventually the number of contestants rose to 27 and a good response from sponsors acted like a cherry on the cake. Finding a master of ceremonies was yet another task for which he decided to go with Preeti after meeting with three MCs. “Preeti,” he said, “has done a wonderful job even though she was given the details just one day before the event.” Once he finalized Preeti as MC, he didn’t have to worry as his show dependent on www.indianmonthly.com.au

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6 INDIAN MONTHLY | OCTOBER 2015 Let’s know a bit more about MMG 2015 Winners Mrs Tripti Gupta, Mrs Melbourne Glamorous 2015 Tripti is a businesswoman and a proud sister of an Indian Navy officer, Satvir who laid his life to save seven others on board. With a tear in her eye, she grieved and felt as if her brother was sitting in the audience. She devotes her award to her brother who didn’t even think of his life when his countrymen were in need. Many years of experience in the same field made her think of doing something different from the routine monotonous life. She has been very active since her schooldays and had been participating in all sorts of extra-curricular activities. She likes to keep herself busy with one thing or the other. Besides being a good swimmer, Tripti goes to gym regularly and works out as well. She was subtitled as Mrs Fitness too. She said she was very confident from the very beginning and had been working really hard. “It’s like a dream come true for me,” she added. She remarked, “When Preeti announced my name, I couldn’t believe my ears for a second and the very next moment I realized it’s really me.” She feels elated to see how her hard work paid off. Her little daughter, Archana who studies in grade I felt proud and said she wants to follow the footprints of her mother. Tripti is a good entertainer as well and is always keen to help out her family and friends in whatever they need, she doesn’t mind going out of her way to support them. She remarked, “Simran is such a lovely man and Shagoon is an amazing lady and both have been really co-operative during the four month time.” Mrs Gagan, Mrs Mrs India Glamorous 2015 Mrs Gagan who hails from Sydney said as soon as she saw the promotional flyer of MMG 2015 on Facebook, it took her attention straightaway. She feels it was a wonderful experience which she will never forget. On being asked about how was she feeling while walking on the ramp, Mrs Gagan said, “My fingers were crossed and I didn’t realize more than 500 people are watching me, I just wanted to give my best.” Being a young mum, Gagan believes it’s really exciting as well as inspiring to take part in such an activity, “Just come out of your comfort zone and try something new. If you think you can do it, you definitely can.” About Simran, she said, “He is the most fantastic organizer I’ve ever met. He is nice as well as promising as he has delivered what he promised. There was never a time when we felt left behind, both Simran and Shagoon have been really supportive throughout the journey.” her to the pageant. She has been into dancing and has been following Shakira ever since she knew who Shakira was. With confidence on stage, she believes in the saying, “Fake it until you make it.” Once her name was announced as the winner, for a moment she didn’t believe what was going on and had to take a breath to realize the same. Having completed her Bachelors in education, Sophie aspires to be a Traffic Controller but will never give up modelling, “I want to continue modelling till my last breath.” She has a message for all, “Sometimes, you success but sometimes you fail, never be disappointed if you fail. Everything teaches you something. If you win, it teaches you how to be humble and still be the same person as you were. And if you lose, it teaches you how to gather courage and work even harder and make yourself better. Keep going, hard work always pays off.” When her name was announced as the winner, she felt overwhelmed with joy. About Simran, Priya said, “He is really a great person and is very talented and Shagoon is very nice and lovely and both have been very encouraging during the rehearsals.” To all out there, she said, “Do what you think is best for you and be confident. Go ahead and you’ll be successful.” Mr Ron, Mr Glamorous 2015 Melbourne Ms Priya, Miss Multicultural 2015 Ms Sophie, Ms Glamorous 2015 Melbourne It was Sophie’s love for stage which took Ms Priya who lives in Perth says she has a great passion for modelling but has tried it for the first time. Basically she is a Registered Nurse and works for the welfare of the community. She is a professional dancer as well and has done a number of stage shows as well. When she came to know about the pageant, she discussed with her mum and straightaway applied for the same. She said she was a bit nervous initially on stage with within no time it vanished. Mr Ron who has been practicing Boxing at national level in Punjab, India has a passion for modelling. One of his friend suggested him to take part in the pageant and in not ime he applied for the same. He was very confident form the very beginning but as his competitors were doing an amazing job during rehearsals, he started feeling a bit nervous and more nervous near the finals. Once on stage he did a great job but was shocked to know when he had a tie with another contestant. He feels proud and happy to be Mr Melbourne Glamorous and said, “Simran and Shagoon have done a brilliant job. They have motivated us all at every step even for the photo shoots. They have been really encouraging and helping a lot in practice as well.” He believes, “Once you know what you want, go for it, no matter what, work really hard and you’ll definitely get it.” www.indianmonthly.com.au

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 7 Mr Sidhant Sikka, Mr India Glamorous 2015 Mr Sidhant, an ardent admirer of Arjun Rampal has big dreams to follow. He believes, “Follow heart and your dreams will come true.” His inspiration is Arjun Rampal and he has been following Rampal since he has passed his high school. He iterated, “As Arjun Rampal excels in modelling, I want to do something like him in future.” A graduate in Bachelors of Accounting, Sidhant works for a modelling agency. He met Simran through a common friend and then got to know about the pageant. He had no idea he’ll win the title as all the contestants were brilliant. Once on stage, he said he felt like he has to win and so gave his best. And the credit goes to his parents who have supported him in whatever path he wants to walk on. “Simran and Shagoon,” he said, “Are amazing organizers and have motivated us all to work harder. Simran has become my best mate and has always been like an elder brother.” He believes, “If you want to achieve something, the only key is hard work and dedication. Your hard work will pay off sooner or later.” has been involved in fashion shows as well and the sole reason is to represent himself as a turban guy and his culture. He has been very confident from the very beginning and has got full support from his family. He was pleased to know his name in the winners list and said, “My hard work has paid off.” He had been practicing really well and one of his friends choreographed his Bhangra whom he is thankful for. He remarked, “Simran and Shagoon were superb and I’m sure they are going to reach another level. They’ve been very supportive and have never practiced favorism for any contestant.” To the younger generation, Manpreet wants to say, “Nothing is impossible. If you want to achieve something just go for it and never forget to follow your dreams.” Mr Melbourne Glamorous, First Runner Up, Preet Mr Manpreet, Mr Multicultural 2015 Mr Manpreet who has been pursuing modelling from last one year was very keen to take part in the pageant. He Mr Preet who works for a superannuation company says, “I’ve been doing a boring 9-5 job and have always spend time in a box.” When some of his friends suggested him to take part in MMG, he contacted Simran and did the same. Having put lot of efforts to get the title, it seems his hard work has paid off. About Simran and Shagoon, Preet said, “They are two wonderful gems and are really great. Simran has always been very helpful in solving problems and Shagoon was more into motivating the contestants.” Preet believes, “If you feel nervous at any time, think of someone who gives you energy and for me that’s my mom.” He had no idea that he is going to win the title and during the tie situation, he was calm as being in the last finalist was enough for him. He adds, “Ron is very good friend of mine, I would have given away the title to him happily.” To all those who seek inspiration, Preet suggests, “Be yourself and Love your friends. If you think you can do something, take the chance because life is too short to wait.” “Do whatever you want to do and be yourself,” he added. www.indianmonthly.com.au

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8 INDIAN MONTHLY | OCTOBER 2015 You will soon be able to drive from Delhi To New York Yeketerinburg and Irkutsk, would be joined up as a result of the plan. The road would follow a similar path to the Trans-Siberian railway - but would stretch even further, crossing the Bering Strait to Alaska. It remains unclear what the US would think about that. Russia sees the project as essential to spurring development within the region, the Siberian Times explains. Yakunin said at the meeting: “This is an inter-state, inter-civilisation, project. It should be an alternative to the current (neo-liberal) model, which has caused a systemic crisis. The project should be turned into a world ‘future zone’, and it must be based on leading, not catching, technologies.” The Russia Rail chief said he estimates the cost of the new venture would be in the trillions. He argued that the project’s economic benefit would outweigh the money spent. Vladimir Fortov, the Head of the Russian Academy of Science, said the scheme is “very ambitious and expensive,” But he added: “It will solve many problems in the development of the vast region. It is connected with social programs, and new fields, new energy resources, and so on. The idea is that basing on the new technology of high-speed rail transport we can build a new railway near the Trans-Siberian Railway with the opportunity to go to Chukotka and Bering Strait and then to the American continent.” The Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia, which runs from Moscow to Vladisvostok and stretches across 6,152 miles. It takes seven days to travel. The initial finish date is expected around 2020, with the project becoming fully operational in 2030. the western most parts of Russia with Siberia in the east and across the Bering Strait to Alaska on the North American continent. From Delhi, cross over to Nepal and then to Tibet. Vehicles entering China will need new Chinese registration plates to be in the country. Further, it’s Kyrgystan to Kazakhstan where you may encounter tough road conditions including toughest terrain. Kazakhstan borders Russia and once in Russia you have the Trans Siberian Highway. From there if you drive across the breadth of the nation and cross the Bering Sea on a ship, you reach Alaska and drive via Canada to United States. Alongside the train track and road, pipelines for oil and gas and new electricity and water supply lines would be put in place. The network would total around 12,400 miles. The aim is to link Asia with Europe as it would run from the Atlantic to the Pacific cities most people haven’t heard of, such as It might seem like a dream but you will soon be able to drive from Delhi to New York as the Russians are going to build the longest highway in the world. ‘Longest’ here suggests that it will stretch more than 20,000 km. The plan was unfolded at a meeting at the Russian Academy of Science and was presented by the head of Russia Rail Vladimir Yakunin who also called for a high-speed railway to be build alongside the motorway. Both routes will support new cities and industries created as a result of the construction. Named the Trans Eurasian Belt Development, the highway will connect www.indianmonthly.com.au

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 9 Water on the red planet: NASA Scientists NASA has announced that liquid saltwater exists on the surface of Mars and this discovery indicates the potential for life on the planet. The historic findings by NASA scientists and several US universities are based on research on dark, narrow and elongated streaks that appear on the surface of the Red Planet and which are known as ‘recurring slope lineae’ (RSL) Research has shown that the streaks ‘appear and grow incrementally in the downslope direction during warm seasons.’ NASA scientists suggest the streaks were formed as a result of salty “flows” or “seeps” because they bear a striking resemblance to the shapes and curves that water on Earth makes as it flows along the surface of the ground. The theory that water exists on Mars was first proposed by scientist Lujendra Ojha, who as an undergraduate student at the University of Arizona in 2011, studied dark, finger-shaped images on Mars. Ojha, now a PhD candidate at the Georgia Institute of Technology and the lead author of the study said that “water does exist on Mars”. Ojha added that chemical signatures of water were found in the crystals of salt samples. “We found evidence of water activity in hydrated salts on Mars,” he added. The authors of the research paper “Spectral Evidence for Hydrated Salts in Recurring Slope Linea on Mars” published in the scientific journal Nature Geoscience identified four key hydrated salts that indicated the presence of water: magnesium perchlorate, magnesium, chlorate, and sodium perchlorate as present in the dark streaks. “Our findings strongly support the hypothesis that recurring slope lineae form as a result of contemporary water activity on Mars,” the paper, which will be the topic of NASA’s announcement, said. ‘Finding water is step one’ Alfred McEwen - planetary geology professor at the University of Arizona, who co-authored the paper - had previously done extensive research on ravines to see if water existed on the dry and frigid planet . “Water [in a liquid state] is essential to life as we know it, so finding water is a big step. On Earth, anywhere there’s water in nature, there is life, but that isn’t necessarily true on the surface of Mars,” McEwen said “The water may be such a dense brine that life can’t flourish, and the radiation environment of Mars’ surface is detrimental. However, finding the water is step one, and we need future investigations to look for life at these locations.” Science fiction enthusiasts and Hollywood executives may be disappointed to learn there will be no alien creatures, or even large organisms, as far as science is concerned. Life on Mars, if it exists, will most likely be microbes, McEwen said. The dark streaks were originally seen by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter travelling at low and middle latitudes in the southern hemisphere, but as temperatures spiked during summer months, the streaks appeared to be seeping downslope and faded in cold seasons. They appeared again and in the same spot year after year. Observing this, scientists reasoned that, since Mars is about 80.5 million km further from the sun than Earth and its surface temperature rarely rises above freezing point, it was the rise in temperature during summer months that triggered the shapes to appear again. Scientists say this suggests that trapped ice inside salty particles melted and flowed down the steep slopes of Mars, creating the dark river-shaped streaks on the surface. “These results strongly support the hypothesis that seasonal warm slops are forming liquid water on contemporary Mars,” the paper said. “If water on Mars proves to be real, it would not look or feel like water on Earth. Mars water would most likely be ‘briny rather than pure’ not free flowing.” “This is a wet soil, not standing water,” McEwen said. www.indianmonthly.com.au

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10 INDIAN MONTHLY | OCTOBER 2015 US President Barack Obama names three Indian-Americans to Advisory Body iterated, «I am confident that these outstanding men and women will serve the American people well, and I look forward to working with them.» Bansal is a lecturer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Media Lab and a Senior Advisor at MIT›s Laboratory for Social Machines. She is also President of Social Emergence Corporation, a not-for-profit founded in May 2015, which focuses on empowering human networks and community relationships. Bansal served as a member of the US Commission on International Religious Freedom from 2003 to 2009, and as Chair from 2004 to 2005. She was Solicitor General of the State of New York from 1999 to 2001. Early in her legal career, she served as law clerk to US Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens. Bansal is a Henry Crown Fellow at the Aspen Institute and a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She received a BA from Harvard-Radcliffe College and a JD from Harvard Law School. Nipun Mehta, is the founder of President Barack Obama is naming three Indian Americans to an advisory council on faith-based and neighborhood partnerships that brings together religious and secular leaders as well as scholars and experts in their fields. As per a White House announcement, the Council focuses on steps the government should take to reduce poverty and inequality and create opportunity for all. Naming Preeta Bansal, Nipun Mehta and Jasjit Singh and 14 others Obama ServiceSpace, a non-profit organization established in 1999. From 1998 to 2001, he was a software engineer at Sun Microsystems. Mehta is a member of the Advisory Circle of the Seva Foundation, the International Advisory Council of the Dalai Lama Foundation, and the Advisory Board of the Greater Good Science Centre. He has received numerous awards for his community work, including the Jefferson Award for Public Service, the President›s Volunteer Service Award and Wavy Gravy›s Humanitarian Award. Mehta received a BA from California University. Jasjit Singh is Executive Director of the Sikh American Legal Defence and Education Fund (SALDEF), a position he has held since 2012. Singh first joined SALDEF as the Associate Executive Director in 2009. Prior to joining SALDEF, he worked at Deloitte & Touche. He also founded the Sikh Student Association at the University of Illinois, and served as its President from 2000 to 2002. Singh is a BS from Illinois University. Indian Origin Astronomer-Led Team Spots Mid-Size Black Hole ranging from a million to several billion times the Sun›s mass. Astronomers believe that medium-sized black holes between these two extremes exist. The new intermediate-mass black hole candidate, known as NGC1313X-1, is classified as an ultraluminous X-ray source and is among the brightest X-ray sources in the nearby universe. Some astronomers suspect that ultraluminous X-ray sources are intermediate-mass black holes actively drawing in matter, producing massive amounts of friction and X-ray radiation in the process. NASA plans to launch a new X-ray telescope, the Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER), in 2016. Mr Pasham has already identified several potential intermediate-mass black hole candidates that he hopes to explore with NICER. «Observing time is at a premium so you need to build a case with an established method and a list of candidates the method can apply to,» Mr Pasham noted. «With this result, we are in a good position to move forward and make more exciting discoveries,» he concluded in a paper published in Astrophysical Journal Letters. In a first, a team including an Indianorigin astronomer has found evidence for a new intermediate-mass black hole about 5,000 times the mass of the Sun. The discovery, made by Dheeraj Pasham from University of Maryland (UMD) and scientists from NASA›s Goddard Space Flight Centre, adds one more candidate to the list of potential medium-sized black holes while strengthening the case that these objects do exist. «The result provides support to the idea that black holes exist on all size scales. When you describe something for the first time, there is always some doubt,» said Mr Pasham, post-doctoral associate at the joint space-science institute, a research partnership between UMD and NASA Goddard. «Identifying a second candidate with a different instrument puts weight behind both findings and gives us confidence in our technique,» he added. Nearly all black holes come in one of two sizes - stellar mass black holes that weigh up to a few dozen times the mass of our Sun or supermassive black holes www.indianmonthly.com.au

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 11 www.indianmonthly.com.au

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12 INDIAN MONTHLY | OCTOBER 2015 Facebook mobile users might be able to add profile videos app owned by Twitter Inc. Users can also set a temporary profile picture that reverts to their old picture at a specified time. Those who want to support a sports team or charitable cause for a specific week, for example, can choose a picture to display for a short time period. Facebook also introduced more ways to control privacy settings so that users can curate what pieces of information are public and which are only viewable to “friends,” or people that they have allowed to view profiles. Facebook explained the move in a blog post, saying, “People visit Facebook profiles more than four billion times per day, and we’re continually looking for ways to make profiles the best place for people to curate their online identities and connect with others… Facebook rolled out updates to mobile profile pages to enable users to better personalize their profiles and more easily control their privacy settings. Facebook has sought to improve and ease its mobile profile experience as it makes more of its $10 billion-plus in annual ad revenue off of phones. The updates also come during New York City’s 12th Advertising Week, where Facebook is courting the world’s largest advertisers and companies. Today, we’re unveiling some new, mobile-friendly features for Facebook profiles. There are three main improvements that will give you more opportunities to express who you are and control the content showcased on your profile.” Among the new features are profile videos, or a short looping video clip that users can create in place of a static profile picture. The feature is similar to Vine, a video sharing Australia and India complete first Maritime Exercise dialogue in New Dehli. The talks were attended by Indian foreign secretary Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, Japanese vice foreign minister Akitaka Saiki and Australian secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Peter Varghese. Maritime security, freedom of navigation and maritime cooperation were the primary topics discussed. India will also participate in trilateral maritime exercises with the U.S. and Japan in the Indian Ocean next month. Building on the personal relationship of Prime Minister Modi and Prime Minister Abbott, the Minister for Defence, the Honourable Kevin Andrews MP visited India to further develop, with his counterparet Minister Manohar Parrikar, the Framework for Security Cooperation. Mr Andrews iterated, “India is the emerging democratic super power of Asia. It is therefore sensible that the relationship between India and Australia be developed and strengthened.” The maritime exercise is a tangible sign that will strengthen defence cooperation between the two countries as envisaged in the Framework for security co-operation announced the Australian and Indian Prime Ministers in 2014. India and Australia have completed the AUSINDEX-15, the first bilateral maritime exercise between the two. The military exercises took place at Visakhapatnam and aims to strengthen ties between Australia and India. The AUSINDEX-15 consisted mainly of anti-submarine drills and Royal Australian Navy (RAN) deployed three warships, a Collins-class submarine and an Australian Air Force P3C Orion. India provided its INS Shivalik, a stealth frigate, the INS Ranvijay, a guided missile destroyer, INS Shakti, a fleet tanker and an Indian Navy P8I maritime patrol aircraft. Three RAN ships and a Royal Australian Air Force AP-3C have made the passage to India for the inaugural biennial exercise. HMA Ships Sirius, Arunta and Sheehan will train with Indian Navy Ships Shivalik, Ranvijay and Shakti, along with P-8I Maritime Patrol Aircraft during the week-long activity. China’s aggressiveness in the region appears to be the primary motivator of the exercises, which Australia and India intend to hold every two years. In July, two Chinese submarines were spotted near Sri Lanka and Pakistan, and the Chinese have also established 16 offshore platforms near disputed maritime territories. In a statement, RAN rear admiral Jonathan Mead said: “India remains one of Australia›s key security partners in the Indian Ocean and Asia-Pacific. We have mutual interests in promoting peace and prosperity in the region.” He added further, “Both our navies have a mutual interest in promoting peace and prosperity in the Indian Ocean and this is a natural progression of our Navy-to-Navy relationship, given our shared maritime security interests.” In June, India, Japan and Australia participated in trilateral maritime www.indianmonthly.com.au

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 13 Odisha girl wins ‘Community Impact Award’ at the prestigious Google Science Fair statement, “Aquatic ecosystems support various life forms. Discharge of contaminants into water bodies is a matter of concern all over the world. Thus, the waste released from different sources should be purified at source. This project aims to clean waste water by flowing through different layers of corn cobs like long pieces of corn cobs and fine sand. This is a cost effective and simple technique. This is useful for immobilizing the contaminants in domestic and industrial effluents, and in ponds, reservoirs and water tanks.” Her invention can help poor and backward regions of her own country as well as other nations facing water-crises. Corn cobs which are regarded as waste and are available in plenty has made the invention affordable for even the poverty stricken regions. Lalita competed in 13-15-year age group at the fifth annual Google Science fair, the results of which were announced live from Google headquarters in Mountain View, California. She was the only Indian among the eight winners at the fair. Her parents, teachers and principal of the school are proud and celebrating her victory. The school is planning a major function to honor Lalita once she is back in the country. 13 year old Lalita Prasida Sripada Srisai has made the country proud by winning the ‘Community Impact Award’ at the prestigious Google Science Fair in California. She is a class IX student at Delhi Public School, Damanjodi and belongs to Koraput district in Odisha has developed a project that has the power to make a practical difference in the community by addressing an environmental and health challenge. Her invention is a low-cost bio absorbent- based water purifier she is now awarded with a prize money of $10,000 for the same and also her research will be supported and sponsored by ‘Scientific American’, a well-known journal. This cost effective and simple technique can immobilize contaminants in domestic and industrial effluents as well as in ponds, reservoirs and water tanks. The purifier uses waste corn cobs as the key ingredient which are sun-dried for a month. They are later cut into pieces and grounded to powder, and burnt to form activated charcoal. When waste water is passed through different layers, most of the contaminants are trapped on the surface of this material. The method not only purified domestic waste water, but also trapped most industrial effluents and chemicals. Her experiment has proved that corn cobs could clean water up to 80% because they happen to be suitable absorbents and have high mechanical strength. Young Srisai said in her project www.indianmonthly.com.au

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14 INDIAN MONTHLY | OCTOBER 2015 A YUSH Services set up in Dubai A department of AYUSH has been set up at Indian Consulate in Dubai which will provide free consultation to public. The department of AYUSH is purposed with developing education and research in Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy and other alternative medicine systems. AYUSH was created in 1995 and the current name was given in March 2003. ‘Ayush’ is derived from Sanskrit, meaning ‘long-life’. It operates under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. As a part of this initiative, Ayurvedic doctors will be available on all Sundays and Wednesdays between 10am – 12 noon for providing free consultation to the public. Effective November 6, 2015, a Homeopathic Practitioner will also be giving free consultation every Tuesday. However, no medicines will be dispensed. Chocolate so healthy it could be eaten as medicine meaning many chocolate companies sweeten their products with fat and sugar, overriding cacao’s health benefits. Kuka Xoco, the Boston-based firm, have discovered a new de-bittering agent in the form of a little-used herb from the Andean region of Bolivia and Peru. Using micrograms of the plant extract can complately de-bitter large amounts of unsweetened cacao, the company has claimed, developing a prototype with only 35 per cent sugar and fat. Speaking at the World Chocolate Forum in London, Gregory Aharonian, president and chief scientist at Kuka Xoco said, “This eliminates the need for sugar, sweeteners and much of the fat in chocolate, unleashing the medical benefits of cocao.” He added further, “The company’s long-term goal is to develop chocolate with just 10 per cent of fat and sugar.” The firm argues that sugar is the “next nicotine”. Artificial sweeteners have been disastrous because they lead to weight gain and other problematic health complications. Mr Aharonian also suggested the chocolate industry could double its annual profits if it also became a health food industry by removing as much fat and sugar from its products as possible Scientist at an American chocolate company specializing in herbal technologies claims to have developed the ‘medicinal’ chocolate, which contains only 35 per cent fat. Cocao, the key ingredient in chocolate, contains a variety of antioxidants and minerals, which perform health benefits such as protecting the nervous system, reducing stroke risk and lowering blood pressure. However, cocao is extremely bitter www.indianmonthly.com.au

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OCTOBER 2015 | INDIAN MONTHLY 15 App to cut bad eating habits developed by Indian-origin Duo «This is an example of a new class of research studies that have become possible due to the massive adoption of smartphones,» Gill added. In addition to cutting out some bad habits, the authors feel that the app can also prevent «metabolic jetlag» - when differences in day-to-day or weekday/ weekend meal times cause metabolic organs to become out of sync with the body›s overall circadian rhythms. The app could also be a powerful tool for personalised medicine. For example, the pictures revealed that nearly two-thirds of participants took some kind of nutritional supplement or vitamins, but the time at which they took these pills varied from day to day. The same held true for medication. In addition, the data revealed cultural food practices, such as people›s› consumption of coffee and milk in the morning, alcohol in the evening, and tea throughout the day. Also, yogurt was a morning food, sandwiches and burgers were primarily reserved for lunchtime while vegetables and ice cream were saved for the evening. Photos of chocolate and candy were recorded from pretty much 10 a.m. onwards. Panda now hopes to test the benefits of time-restricted feeding under different Two Indian-American scientists have designed a new smartphone app that will record your erratic eating habits throughout the day and help you not only cut some bad habits but also prevent «metabolic jetlag». Satchidananda Panda and Shubhroz Gill from the Salk Institute have developed the app that can collect, analyse and interpret patterns of food intake in humans. «The study is about developing methods and offers some preliminary insight into what and when people eat,» said Panda, associate professor in the Salk Institute›s regulatory biology laboratory. The duo have kept the app simple, only requiring users to send pictures of everything they ate or drank, whether it was an entire water bottle or a few bites of a cookie. Each click also captured metadata (such as the location where food was consumed) and recorded a timestamp. Users were healthy males and females between the ages of 21 and 55 who were not actively managing their diet. «One pleasant surprise was how many participants got used to taking a picture of anything they ate or drank; it almost became their second nature,» noted Gill, post-doctoral associate in Panda›s group. The context of the pictures spoke volumes. For example, when taken next to a keyboard, in bed, watching TV, on the sidewalk, in the car or while filling gas. www.indianmonthly.com.au

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