Kid's Imagination Train

 

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March 2016

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Kid’s Imagination Train March 2016 Volume 4 Issue 3 Co)me read, learn, and draw! http://kidsimaginationtrain.com

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Kid's Imagination Train March 2016 Volume 4 Issue3 ISSN 2333-987X Editor-in-Chief: Randi Lynn Mrvos Book Reviewer and Marketing Director: Donna Smith Illustration Advisor: Thrace Shirley Mears Illustrator: Shelley Dieterichs Voiceover Artist: Sharon Olivia Blumberg Editorial Offices: All across the United States Publishing Office: 4637 Spring Creek Drive Lexington, KY 40515 Mission Statement: Welcome to the Kid's Imagination Train, where children can take the journey of reading in a brand new way. KIT offers book reviews, fiction, poetry, and nonfiction for kids ages 5 - 12. It’s unique in that it engages children by providing them the opportunity to illustrate their favorite features and to have their pictures published online. We invite you to read, to learn, and to draw! ©Kid's Imagination Train http://kidsimaginationtrain.com

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CONTENTS Volume 4 Issue 3 3 - 4…Poem Elephant, Please by: Maureen Kauzlarich 5 - 6…Fiction Under the Umbrella Tree by: Sharon Olivia Blumberg 7 - 9…Nonfiction Mouths without Teeth by: Guy Belleranti 10 - 11…Book Review The Terrible Thing that Happened to Barnaby Brocket by: Donna Smith 12…Lesson Plan: Solutions, Suspensions, and Colloids by: Randi Lynn Mrvos 13...Lesson Plan Activity: The Tyndall Effect by: Randi Lynn Mrvos 14…Dot-to-Dot: Cute Duck Quacking 15 - 19…Sponsors

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Acknowledgements The staff of Kid’s Imagination Train wishes to thank David, Desiree, Julian, Marcos, Monique, and Saul for their amazingly creative animal drawings.

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Elephant, Please I did not want just any pet, an elephant—that’s what I’d get! I went to look and shop for one. A pet salesman said they had none. He said, “Sonny, we’re fresh out. Maybe you would like a trout?” I did not give up. No, I did not stop and entered an exotic shop. 3

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The owner whispered in my ear, “You can find the creatures here. On this map and circled red, Africa’s where you should head.” I skipped and hopped onto a train and flew away inside a plane to the Serengeti, where elephants were and strolled up to one to purchase her. How I wanted to rub its trunk and ride upon its wrinkled rump. But for a while, I watched her roam. This place was such a happy home. Keeping one would never do. And that is why I’m telling you. Elephants live so wild and free, far better than at home with me. Written by: Maureen Kauzlarich Image of elephant: courtesy of the Saint Louis Zoo 4

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Under the Umbrella Tree A weeping crabapple tree grew in front of Peyton’s bedroom window. The tree had green oval-shaped leaves that pointed downward. Peyton and his younger sister Jordan called it the Umbrella Tree. One Saturday morning, Peyton and Jordan sat against its trunk. “We’ve got nothing to do,” said Peyton. He sighed heavily. Jordan twirled a clover. Moments later, they spied Dad pushing a wheelbarrow toward the crabapple tree. “I know. Let’s help Dad,” said Jordan. Dad cut off several tree limbs and they fell into a scattered pile. Jordan and Peyton put them in the wheelbarrow. Suddenly, Peyton yelled. “Whooaaa! Look what fell! It is a bird’s nest! And look Dad. Look, Jordan! Three baby robins just fell out!” “Can we put them back in the nest, Dad?” asked Jordan. Peyton and Jordan lifted the tiny birds to the nest. “Why is that bird chirping?” Jordan asked. “Is that the mother bird? She seems upset. Dad is she upset with us? Does she think we’ll hurt her babies?” “I believe that’s right. But, she shouldn’t worry. We won’t hurt her babies.” “I heard the mother bird won’t take care of her babies if she smells human scent on them,” Peyton said with a frown. “I have heard that, too,” Dad said. “But the mother bird will still care for her babies.” 5

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Dad pushed the loaded wheelbarrow away and the kids waved to him. “Well kids, thank you for helping me with the tree.” “That was fun for a while, but now what?” asked Peyton. “There’s nothing else to do.” “I’m thirsty. Let’s go inside for some lemonade,” said Jordan. Mama put down her book to help the children with their drinks. It gave Peyton an idea. “I know what we can do,” said Peyton. He gathered a bunch of books and put them in a red wagon. Jordan followed him outside with the cups of lemonade. When they reached the Umbrella Tree, they spotted a caterpillar crawling on the trunk. They discovered a ladybug on a leaf. And near the roots, they watched a worm wiggle through the grass. Overhead, they saw a mother robin feed a worm to her babies. “There are lots things to see and do here,” said Jordan. Peyton opened a book and Jordon sipped on lemonade as a robin sang cheerfully. “We should sit under the Umbrella Tree more often!” Peyton said. Written by: Sharon Olivia Blumberg 6

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Mouths without Teeth Teeth are important tools for eating. However, not all animals have teeth. So how do they eat? Art by: Monique First, let’s look at toads. Unlike frogs that have small teeth, most toads are toothless. Many use their quick tongues to catch bugs. Then – gulp, they swallow the bug. Some larger toads can also swallow mice, small birds, and even other toads. Birds have no teeth, as well. One bird, the toucan, grabs fruit or berries with the tip of its huge colorful bill. Then, it throws back its head and tosses the food down its throat. The toucan’s long bristly tongue helps move the food down. A hummingbird’s tongue collects and traps nectar from flowers. Then the hummingbird pulls its tongue back into its mouth and yum, yum, good! Macaws and parrots crack open nuts and seeds with their strong beaks, then swallow the contents. Art by: David Eagles, owls, and other raptors capture animals with their talons. Then, they tear the prey into pieces with their sharp beaks. Smaller prey is often swallowed whole. 7

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The digestive juices in a bird’s stomach soften the swallowed food. Then a special part of the stomach, the gizzard, grinds it up. In some birds, sand and stones previously swallowed help with the grinding. Things that can’t be digested, like bone and fur, are later spat out through the mouth in the form of pellets. Perhaps you’ve examined an owl pellet in school. Art by: Saul Present day turtles and tortoises also have no teeth. Their beak-like mouths, however, often have hard sharp edges for biting and chewing. Some turtles have sections in their upper jaw that can crush plant stems and snails. One turtle, the alligator snapping turtle, has jaws powerful enough to slice a fish in half. Art by: Desiree Art by: Marcos Are there mammals without teeth? Sure. South America’s giant anteater rips open ant and termite hills with its big front claws. It flicks its two-foot long tongue into the hole and catches insects with sticky saliva and tiny, backward-pointing spines. Most of the “chewing” is done by the anteater’s muscular stomach. Soil and pebbles brought in with the insects also help grind up the food. 8

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The long-tongued, toothless pangolin of Africa and Asia eats and digests ants and termites in a similar fashion. Then, there’s the unusual Australian platypus. This freshwater mammal has grinding plates, but no teeth. It hunts underwater, scooping shellfish, worms, insects, mud, and gravel into its cheek pouches. The mud and gravel work with the platypus’s grinding plates to help it “chew” its dinner. Finally, we have the world’s largest animal, the blue whale. It and other toothless whales have brush-like plates called baleen in their mouths. Baleen is made of keratin, the same material in your hair and fingernails. The baleen hangs from the whal e’s upper jaw. As the whale swims, the baleen catches tiny ocean creatures. Art by: Julian Some blue whales eat up to eight thousand pounds of food a day this way! That’s as much weight as two cars! We have discovered some interesting animals that don’t have teeth. These animals eat just fine because they have unique ways to consume their food. Written by: Guy Belleranti 9

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Book Review Name of Book: The Terrible Thing That Happened To Barnaby Brocket Author: John Boyne Illustrator: Oliver Jeffers Year Published: 2012 Age Range of Book: 8 - 12 years Publisher: Random House Children’s Books ISBN: 978-0-307-97762-5 Price: $6.99 Not a normal story about a boy. 10

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Barnaby Brocket is an extraordinary boy. Much to the dismay of his parents, Alistair and Eleanor, Barnaby defies gravity. He never stops floating, so they have to strap him to chairs and beds, weigh him down, or let him rest on the ceiling. Of course, Barnaby’s floating causes many problems for his parents. Their biggest concern is not sending him to school or socializing him with other children. Instead, they worry about the attention that Barnaby’s affliction attracts, and the notion that he’s different. In his book, John Boyne offers up themes of normalcy, rejection, and fortitude. Jeffers introduces Barnaby to a lot of interesting characters when he is unexpectedly separated from his family. The perils of eight-year-old Barnaby traveling alone increase due to his condition. This boy seems much older and capable than most children his age, and perhaps that’s because he constantly deals with life-altering situations. The terrible thing that happens to Barnaby is heartbreaking and wondrous. While Boyne’s story is fiction, it’s a reminder that there are real Barnaby’s in the world who suffer from intolerance and neglect. Irish writer Boyne has written many novels for adults and young readers. He is the author of the well-known book, The Boy in the Striped Pajamas. In addition, he wrote Noah Barleywater Runs Away and Stay Where You Are and Then Leave. His newest novel, The Boy at the Top of the Mountain, is scheduled for release in the spring of 2016. Rating for the book: ***** Donna Smith is a freelance writer. You can visit her website at: www.smithswritingstudio.com 11

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Lesson Plan: Solutions, Suspensions, and Colloids A solution is a combination of a solid and a liquid. It can also be the combination of two liquids. A sample taken from the top of a solution will have the same amount of substance as the middle or the bottom. Solutions are made up of a solvent and a solute. The solute is the dissolved substance in a solution. It is the part of the solution that changes its state. In a solution of sugar water, the sugar is the solute. The solvent is a liquid substance that dissolves other substances. A solvent does not change its state in a forming a solution. There are some kinds of matter that do not dissolve easily. When mud and water are mixed, the mud particles settle on the bottom. That happens because mud is too heavy. It is insoluble in water. This kind of mixture is called a suspension. In a suspension, the particles are temporarily suspended in a liquid. Suspensions are different from solutions. They have a solid and a liquid phase. Suspensions have particles that are not dissolved. The solids however, can be filtered out of a suspension. But in a solution, the dissolved material in cannot be filtered out. Colloids are another kind of mixture with two phases. Colloidal particles are small enough to remain suspended permanently in a liquid. Since they are uniformly suspended, the mixture is homogeneous. The colloidal particles can act as tiny mirrors. They reflect light. This ability to scatter light is called the Tyndall effect. Did you know: It’s easy to spot a suspension because the particles settle out. It’s trickier differentiating between a solution and a colloidal suspension. The Tyndall effect will help you tell the difference. 12

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Lesson Plan Activity: The Tyndall Effect Materials: Flashlight, black construction paper or book with a dark cover, 10 clear plastic cups, notebook paper, pencil, food and drink items, food coloring, pencil, marker Directions: 1. Write the following food and drink list on a piece of paper: Salt water, sugar water, cranberry juice, corn syrup, vinegar (distilled), Kool-Aid, egg whites, consommé, tea, Gatorade. Using a marker, label the ten cups (salt water for cup one; sugar water for cup two, cranberry juice for cup three, and so on). 2. For cup one, mix a tablespoon of salt into half a cup of water. For cup two, mix a tablespoon of sugar in half a cup of water. For the remaining cups, pour half a cup of liquid into the corresponding plastic cups. Use about 3 egg whites for cup seven. 3. Place each cup in front of the dark background. 4. Shine a flashlight through the cups. 5. Look at the dark background. If the beam of light scatters as it passes through the cup, it is a colloidal suspension. The scattered light beam will be wider than the cup and will have a fuzzy appearance. If the beam of light does not scatter as it passes through the cup, it is a solution. The light beam will not be wider than the cup and will have a sharp image. 6. Record the results. Are dark liquids colloidal suspensions? Add food coloring to a cup of water. Shine the flashlight through the cup. Does the light scatter? Art by: Abby Written by: Randi Lynn Mrvos 13

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