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Louisiana
Parent Resource
Grades

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Where U.S. Students Rank Globally
The United States Ranks:
n 17th In Reading Literacy n 21st In Science n 26th In Math
U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation 2014
IN READING LITERACY
17
TH
IN SCIENCE
21
ST
26
TH
IN MATH
Based on 2013 International PISA results

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Louisiana
Parent Resource
Grades 6 – 8
www.cdl.org Special thanks to the following partners:

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Center for Development and Learning

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Introduction
This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of 6th, 7th and 8th grade in Math. It focuses on key skills that will build a strong basis for success in college, the workplace, and everyday life. These K-12 standards were informed by Louisiana teachers, university professors, and other education experts. If your son or daughter is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for the next grade.
Why are high academic standards important?
All parents want their children to be able to pursue their dreams – whatever they may be. A great education starts with high standards. A high level of academic rigor in our academic standards is necessary to ensure that students are learning up-to-date content that is important for their futures. Understanding what those standards are will help parents to ensure their children are receiving the best education possible. Of course, high standards are not the only things needed for children’s success, but they provide an important first step — a clear, consistent roadmap This Guide Includes: for learning. They also help your child develop real-world critical thinking skills n An overview of some needed for college and the workforce.
How can I help my child?
You should use this guide in two main ways: (1) as a tool to help students at home, and (2) as a resource to help build a relationship with teachers. Talk to teachers regularly about how your son or daughter is doing so that you can work together to address any issues. Parents are children’s first teachers. At home, you can play a big part in setting high expectations and supporting students in meeting them.
of the key things your child should be learning in Math from 6th through 8th grade
n Ideas to help your child learn at home n Topics of discussion for talking to your child’s teacher about his or her academic progress
Math Parent Resource Guide 6–8
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About the CDL
Founded in 1992, the Center for Development and Learning (CDL) is a results-driven Louisianabased 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. CDL’s programs and services fall into three major areas: (1) evidence-based professional learning for educators; (2) direct services to students; and (3) public engagement of stakeholders at all levels. We aim to increase student learning. CDL specializes in providing educators with professional learning that is specific and relevant to the needs of teachers and their students. We have particular expertise in effective leadership practices, evidence-based teaching strategies and tactics, early childhood best practices, literacy, and learning differences. With an on-the-ground, in-the-trenches approach, we tackle real-time issues such as ways to remediate struggling readers and writers, differentiating instruction, structuring collaborative classroom environments, building leadership capacity, and developing and sustaining collective capacity.
© 2015 The Center for Development and Learning Editor: Keisha Dubuclet Graphic Designer: Lauren Richardson
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Center for Development and Learning

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Table of Contents
Common Questions about Louisiana State Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Overview of Math Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Standards for Mathematical Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Standards for Mathematical Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Sixth Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Seventh Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Eighth Grade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Problem Solving in Math . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Sixth Grade Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Seventh Grade Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Eighth Grade Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Special Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 How to Support your Child . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
* Definitions of words with an asterick beside them are contained in the glossary.
Math Parent Resource Guide 6–8
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Common Questions about Louisiana State Standards
Q: A:
What are the Louisiana State Standards?
The Louisiana State Standards are learning goals that are designed to prepare our students for college and career success. Standards are not the same as a curriculum. Teachers can still decide how to get kids to the goal.
Q: A:
Why do we need rigorous standards?
Louisiana is 3rd from the bottom in education compared to the rest of the country. More rigorous standards will help give all Louisiana students a higher quality education so they can be successful in today’s economy.
Q: A:
Who developed the standards?
Louisiana has always had standards. State law requires a review of academic standards every seven years. In 2010, higher standards were adopted to ensure Louisiana students could compete with those from other states. The standards are informed by Louisiana teachers, university professors, and independent education experts. Parents, business leaders, and other stakeholders have the opportunity to provide feedback.
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Q: A:
How will high standards affect student grades and school performance scores (SPS)?
Some are concerned that school test scores and letter grades will drop. A drop in scores is expected at first because previous standards were not accurate indicators of college and career-readiness. State changes to school and teacher evaluations have been made that will give students and schools time to adjust.
From Failing to Fantastic: Winning the Education Game
In football, the goal is to get a touchdown; it’s up to the coach to choose plays that will get the ball in the end zone. Standards set the goal; it’s up to the teacher to choose plays to help kids win.
A:
Q:
How will higher standards affect me as a parent?
As a parent, you may notice your child’s classwork and homework becoming harder. You may also see a slight drop in grades. While it may be uncomfortable and scary, this is normal because schoolwork and tests are more challenging. Keep in mind that now your kids are getting the high quality education they deserve but weren’t getting before.
Q: A:
How will higher standards affect students?
Having high standards will require students to learn and apply more demanding concepts and procedures, resulting in deeper levels of understanding. Rather than simply memorizing, students will critically think through information and apply what they learn to solve real-world problems and situations.
Math Parent Resource Guide 6–8 |7|

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Q: A:
What do the Standards mean for students with disabilities and English Language Learners?
Because all children deserve a high quality education, there are no separate or different standards for children with special needs. However, the law requires that students with disabilities be provided a range of supports for classroom learning and testing. More information and resources are included in this book.
Q: A:
Will students still take the LEAP test?
Students in grades 3-11 will take a more rigorous test for ELA and Math, with questions aligned to the higher standards. The LEAP will still be given for Social Studies and Science. Students in the 12th grade will take the ACT.
Compared to other states in the country, Louisiana ranks 2nd from the bottom in Math. Only Mississippi is lower than Louisiana.
– The National Assessment of Educational Progress, 2013
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Center for Development and Learning

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Why Now?
n Student mobility, military families n Too many different standards across states n Global competition n Today’s jobs require different skills
Q: A:
What do the Louisiana State Standards look like in the classroom?
The standards are not curriculum. Schools and teachers will still make decisions about how to teach their students and meet their needs.
Q: A:
What are the benefits of high standards?
High standards will help to ensure that all students, no matter where they live, are prepared for success in college and the workforce. High standards also make sure your child can compete with other students if you decide to move to another city or state. Our students will learn more real-world knowledge and think more critically, so that we in Louisiana will be able to compete successfully in the 21st century, allowing our economy to remain strong.
Math Parent Resource Guide 6–8 |9|

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Overview of Math Standards
The way students have been taught math in the past simply does not prepare them to compete with their peers from other states and nations. It’s not enough to simply memorize multiplication tables - students need to understand and explain how and why 2 x 2 = 4. It’s not enough to just calculate numbers - students need to be able to connect mathematical concepts and apply those concepts to practical, real-world situations. Students need to be able to solve problems through reasoning, explain and show proof of their reasoning, and apply math concepts to practical situations, such as determining a sale price, planning a road trip, following a recipe, making a budget, decorating a house, or even watching a football game. The purpose of the Standards is to help students develop a mathematical mindset, see math in the world around them, and become problem-solvers. Nearly 100% of Louisiana's graduating class (49,178) took the 2014 ACT.
Only 27% of LA students met the ACT Math benchmark with an average score of 18.9
22
Math benchmark score based on a scale of 1 to 36
Nationally, 43% met Math benchmark with an average ACT score of 18.9
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The Standards consist of eight (8) key practices that provide the foundation for further mathematical learning and everyday problem solving. Regardless of the grade level or content area, these Standards for Mathematical Practice are a guide to good math instruction. The Standards for Mathematical Content describe specific skills that students need to know in various content areas. Students in 3rd through 5th grade will learn skills in the following content areas:
Ratios & Proportional Relationships Expressions & Equations Statistics & Probability The Number System Functions Geometry
MATH Standards
For students to be college and career ready, they need to be able to apply math to solve real-world problems and to connect general math practices to specific math content. Both are equally important for students to be mathematically proficient.
Math Parent Resource Guide 6–8 || 11 #|

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Standards for Mathematical Practice
Students who are mathematically proﬁcient should:
Make sense of problems and persist in solving them.
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n Break a problem apart, think about different ways to approach it, choose a way to solve it, and work until it’s done. n Use different methods to determine if answers are correct or not, and take a different approach if needed.
Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
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n See numbers as representing objects or units of something (things, sizes, lengths, amounts).
n Use objects, pictures, drawings, words, or symbols to make sense of and solve problems. n Translate information into a math problem/numerical expression*.
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Make logical arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
n Explain answers and how problems were solved. n Decide between correct and incorrect ways of solving problems, and explain their reasoning.
n Understand how others solve problems and figure out if it makes sense.
Apply math to the real world.
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n Apply math knowledge to different subjects and everyday situations (using multiplication and subtraction to determine sale prices, geometry to build a garden, or fractions* and measurements to bake a cake).
n Use graphs, charts, tables, and data from news articles and other sources to make math relevant and real (using a table of different cell phone plans to determine the best option).
Math Parent Resource Guide 6–8
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