USAID: The Catalog


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Catalog the version 1.0 Compartment Bag Test: pg 25; Photo: Aquagenx


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Photo: Panos Pictures (UK)


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Introduction I am proud and excited to share The Catalog: Version 1.0, a collection of some of the best and most exciting science and technology products we have seen. All have the potential to speed development progress and all are rooted in the belief that scientific and technological development is key to progress. I applaud the audacious goals and the ingenuity that went into the development of these remarkable solutions. I hope that this catalog will provide development professionals, governments, and investors with solid ideas they can use. I also hope it will encourage new communities of solvers and individuals to think about devoting their skills, talent, and vision to global development challenges. I want to thank our collaborators who are critical to everything we do. Our partnerships with foundations, companies, other donors, and NGOs are central to our strategy to advance science and technology in international development. I also want to thank those from across the Agency who have led the way in sourcing and supporting these developments, including teams from USAID’s Bureau for Global Health; Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and Environment; Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance; Office of Innovation and Development Alliances; and Office of Science and Technology. Now more than ever before, advancements in science and technology have made real solutions to some of the world’s most intractable problems well within reach. I invite you to take a look at these solutions and see what is possible. Alexander Dehgan Science and Technology Adviser to the Administrator U.S. Agency for International Development


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CONTENTS Development Technologies AGRICULTURE (3) Photo: KickStart International 2-29 2-5 The Dutyion Root Hydration System MoneyMaker Pumps Rapid Milk Chiller EDUCATION (5) Same Language Subtitling MobiLiteracy SMS Data Transmission System BeLL and Ghana Reads Application Total Reading Approach for Children mLearning Application ENVIRONMENT (1) 10-11 12-21 Fresh Life Toilet and Sanergy Sanitation Services HEALTH (11) Holomic Rapid Diagnostic Reader ePartogram Prenatal Sprinkles PharmaCheck Pratt Pouch PIERS on the Move Pumani Bubble CPAP SafeSnip Odón Device Bioneedle CommCare HUMAN RIGHTS (1) MediCapt WATER (1) 24-25 26-29 Compartment Bag Test CROSSCUTTING (4) DataWinners Mobile Money Almas Line of Mobile Products Sahel Shake 22-23 6-9 Photo: Jervis Sundays, Kenya Red Cross Society Photo: Nena Terrell/USAID Photo: AFP/Ashraf Shazly Photo: USAID Photo: Kendra Helmer/USAID Annex – Specifications 30-36 1


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AGRICULTURE 2 Photo: KickStart International


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The Dutyion Root Hydration System AGRICULTURE •M  akes valuable use of wastewater for plant growth where plants cannot normally be grown. •I ncreases carbon capture while increasing the value of desert land. •U  ses water efficiently in places where water is an extremely valuable commodity. Supported by LAUNCH Photo: Design Technology & Innovation The Dutyion Root Hydration System (dRHS™) is a subsurface irrigation technology that works by allowing water vapor to permeate through the walls of the pipe. It is installed at root depth and made from a durable material called Dutyion. ™ The water supplied to the pipes may be fresh or polluted, i.e. seawater, since only water vapor can escape through the walls of the pipe. The vapor that reaches the roots is fresh water. Gravity is all that is required, since the driving force is the vapor gradient, and the vapor release is directly correlated to level of dryness. Photo: Design Technology & Innovation Photo: Design Technology & Innovation 3


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Photo: KickStart International MoneyMaker Pumps •W  idespread demand and distribution for this product is demonstrated by sales of more than 220,000 pumps across Africa to date. •I ncreases agricultural income by an average of 500% for pump owners switching from subsistence to irrigated farming. •E  nsures food security by increasing agricultural output and building resilience to climate-related challenges and poverty. AGRICULTURE KickStart International is a non-profit social enterprise that designs and mass markets low-cost, high-quality irrigation pumps that are appropriately designed for small-scale farmers in Africa. KickStart educates farmers about the benefits of irrigation and enables them to purchase pumps locally through the private sector. MoneyMaker Pumps allow farmers to increase their agricultural productivity and incomes, lifting their families out of poverty. MoneyMaker Pumps in Action KickStart promotes low-cost irrigation pumps to help farmers grow high-value crops throughout the year and sell their crops when prices are high. MoneyMaker Pumps are sold to empower poor families to climb out of poverty. However, despite the benefits and low cost of the pumps, they are beyond the easy reach of many poor farmers. To meet this need, KickStart designed two financing services that are expected to increase access to the products and help break down financial barriers to technology adoption— Mobile Layaway and “Rent-to-Own” services. Supported by Development Innovation Ventures Photo: KickStart International Photo: KickStart International “ Buying a pump changed everything for my family in a very short time. I am now the envy of the village, thanks to this amazing pump!” Mama Edna Sotik, Kenya 4


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Photo: Promethean Spenta Technologies Rapid Milk Chiller •S  upports rural farmers, enhancing the livelihood of 6 million in India alone. •C  ost-effective and sustainable alternative energy source to capital-intensive diesel generators. Supported by LAUNCH Photo: Promethean Spenta Technologies AGRICULTURE “ Running of diesel generators is capitalintensive and with prices climbing up, our costs have increased. Since deregulation of diesel will happen in the next year, we have decided to go for an alternative energy option.” Managing Director of Amul India’s largest cooperative dairy Photo: Promethean Spenta Technologies The Rapid Milk Chiller uses the first industrial application of thermal storage batteries to bridge the electricity gap that exists in rural India. Rural dairy farmers are able to chill milk without a diesel generator for the first time and sell it into the organized dairy industry without spoilage. The Rapid Milk Chiller is purchased by large dairy processors, and is deployed to villages where small farmers can deposit raw milk, even when there is no power available at the time of milking. Initially, six Rapid Milk Chillers were tested to prove the concept in the field and India’s largest private dairy has recently ordered fifty of the Rapid Milk Chillers. This thermal battery technology can also be applied in order to chill other agricultural and medicinal items in need of refrigeration, such as fruits and vegetables, as well as vaccines. Designed to be used with unreliable power supply, the battery can be used with solar or intermittent power from the grid. 5


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Same Language Subtitling EDUCATION Same Language Subtitling (SLS) is the idea of subtitling the lyrics of television and video in the same language, providing viewers with both auditory and visual recognition of words to increase reading comprehension. SLS has been implemented on several popular Bollywood films’ songs on Indian television in 10 languages: Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, and Punjabi. The subtitles are designed to change the color of every word in perfect timing with the song to provide automatic and subconscious reading practice to weak readers. Photo: PlanetRead and SLS Centre at IIM-Ahmedabad “ Same Language Subtitling doubles the number of functional readers among primary school children. A small thing that has a staggering impact on people’s lives. ” President Bill Clinton September 2009 •C  ost and time effective means to improve literacy that fits into people’s preexisting routines. •L  arge market potential demonstrated by the more than 300 million weak readers in India alone. •G  overnment and private sector support due to increased television ratings and levels of literacy, resulting in India’s Ministry of Information and Broadcasting calling for SLS as a national policy. Same Language Subtitling in Action SLS was first implemented on Indian national television in 1999 and currently is used for 10 national languages: Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Gujarati, Marathi, Punjabi, and Oriya. SLS reaches more than 200 million weak readers every week in a country with 300 million weak readers and an additional 300 million illiterates. SLS has enormous potential in India, where a booming film industry produces more than 1,000 movies and more than 5,000 music videos every year. Supported by All Children Reading Grand Challenge for Development Photo: PlanetRead and SLS Centre at IIM-Ahmedabad 7


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MobiLiteracy •E  asily accessible MP4 files provide parents with daily 60-90 second long literacy lessons. EDUCATION •W  idespread use of mobile phones in developing countries makes this technology easily deployable, inexpensive, and scalable. •A  nytime and anywhere learning increases accessibility of parent-child learning programs. •S  ustainable and cost-effective educational program requiring little or no training or data costs. SMS Data Transmission Technology System Photo: Education Development Center Parental involvement is correlated to children’s educational success. In countries with high rates of illiteracy among adults, new solutions such as MobiLiteracy encourage parental engagement for supporting literacy acquisition among their children. MobiLiteracy delivers daily, mothertongue audio lessons on mobile phones for parents to share with their children. Photo: Urban Planet The SMS Data Transmission Technology system provides a solution for schools in the Philippines with limited internet connectivity to access and assess students’ performance data for the National Achievement Test (NAT). This system allows schools to receive NAT performance data and simple analysis from the Philippines Department of Education via SMS. Photo: Education Development Center • Instantaneous access to student performance data is made possible via SMS. • Cost-effective access to performance data at approximately $0.03 per text message. • Data analysis for performance data is made easily accessible to teachers and administrators in order to address deficiencies. MobiLiteracy in Action The pilot program is currently being conducted with 60 Ugandan parents over a 91-day period modeled after the length of a Ugandan school term. The curriculum is divided into five short lessons with two review lessons every seven days progressing through letter recognition and phonetics, vocabulary acquisition, and listening comprehension through storytelling. Participants are assessed on learning via text message. Supported by All Children Reading Grand Challenge for Development SMS Data Transmission Technology System in Action This product will be tested in September 2013 and has the potential to impact 53 schools, 900 teachers, and 35,000 students in the Mindanao region of the Philippines. Supported by All Children Reading Grand Challenge for Development 8


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BeLL and Ghana Reads Application The Basic e-Learning Library (BeLL) and the Ghana Reads Application use interactive pedagogy to engage students and provide teachers with educational resources for use on affordable, modern technology. These technologies improve students’ literacy skills by providing tailored educational content for individual student or classroom needs. BeLL provides teachers with lesson plan templates and professional development resources. Student performance feedback is sent to Ghana Reads coaches who assess progress and suggest remedial lessons as needed. Total Reading Approach for Children mLearning Application Total Reading Approach for Children mLearning Application in Action World Education, Inc., in partnership with Kampuchean Action for Primary Education, Cambodia’s Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sport, and Education Technology for Development, is implementing the Total Reading Approach for Children mLearning Application in eight primary schools. Each school received tablets and smartphones with the mLearning application, which measures student diagnostics against the national curriculum. Literacy coaches tailor students’ practice to meet individual learning needs, and parents can check out materials for continued practice at home. EDUCATION Photo: World Education, Inc. in collaboration with Education Technology for Development Photo: Open Learning Exchange The Total Reading Approach for Children mLearning Application teaches Khmer language reading skills through interactive media activities linked to skills required in the national curriculum. Literacy games and stories employ sound, phoneme, consonant, vowel, and word recognition via mobile devices. •F  ree, open education resources cost less than $5 per student per year. •D  evelops local teachers through interactive teacher coaching. •L  earning experiences are maximized for teachers, students, and administrators. • Developed in collaboration with Cambodia’s Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sport, this application uniquely supports students in reaching national reading benchmarks. • The widespread use of mobile phones makes this technology deployable, inexpensive, and scalable. • Accessible learning increases opportunities for parent-child learning interactions. Supported by All Children Reading Grand Challenge for Development Photo: World Education, Inc. in collaboration with Education Technology for Development BeLL and Ghana Reads App in Action Photo: Open Learning Exchange The Ghana Reads program is currently being pilot tested in 10 schools, and by September 2013 will be in four districts across two regions, directly affecting 6,000 students and 160 teachers. Supported by All Children Reading Grand Challenge for Development 9


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ENVIRONMENT 10 Photo: Jervis Sundays, Kenya Red Cross Society


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Fresh Life Toilet and Sanergy Sanitation Services ENVIRONMENT Photo: Sanergy Photo: Sanergy • Compact size of 3'x5' fits well in densely-packed urban slums and its cartridges’ 30L capacity ensures easy transport of waste. • Water-free collection system captures urine and feces in separate 30L cartridges, reducing odor and preventing both human-waste contact and groundwater contamination. • Pre-fabricated, pre-cast materials are made in a centrally located, controlled workshop by a trained team. • Ferro-cement panels are highly durable, light, and easy to maintain. These qualities ensure durability, equal to or greater than five years, and reduce transportation costs. • Cleanliness is promoted by an epoxy paint, preventing unit staining, while attached hand washing stations promote patron hygiene. Photo: Sanergy Fresh Life Toilets in Action Sanergy makes sanitation sustainable in urban slums with an innovative systemsbased approach resulting in a sanitation value chain with three major parts: franchise, collect, and convert. Sanergy’s team collects the human waste from its network of lowcost Fresh Life Toilets, takes it to a central processing facility, and then converts it into organic fertilizer and renewable energy, which leads to the model’s sustainability. While this product will be initially launched in Kenya with planned expansion to urban slums across East Africa, it presents a valuable integrated sanitation model for application in slums worldwide. Supported by Development Innovation Ventures Fresh Life Toilets provide a holistic approach to development by addressing the critical need for reliable, hygienic sanitation services, while simultaneously generating jobs and renewable energy. Fresh Life Toilets are small-form, modular, hygienic toilets designed for urban slums and sold as franchises to local residents, who run them as small businesses with the help of Sanergy’s business support services – which includes branding, marketing and daily waste collection services. 11



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