ORCO Blended Products VBM (Veneer Bonding Mortar) Installation System

 

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Based on VBM Masonry Veneer & Paver Installation System

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ORCO BLENDED PRODUCTS A Division of ORCO Block & Hardscape BASED ON VBM (VENEER BONDING MORTAR) MASONRY VENEER & PAVER INSTALLATION SYSTEM manufactured stone • natural stone • thin brick • precast concrete

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2 // ORCO Blended Products

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TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION our advantages........................................... 4 PRODUCTS bonding mortars........................................ 6 joint grouts................................................ 8 base mortars............................................... 9 water barriers...........................................10 accessory products.................................. 11 INSTALLATION GUIDE introduction..............................................12 detailed drawings......................................14

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ORCO BLENDED PRODUCTS A Division of ORCO Block & Hardscape ADVANTAGES A broad selection of high quality products and installation specifications for the bonding of masonry veneers and pavers. The products and systems are based on over 15 years and 70 million square feet of installation experience with masonry veneers and pavers. The broad product selection meets the needs of many types of projects and masonry products. VENEERS • manufactured stone • natural stone • thin brick • precaste concrete • tile • porcelain • glass tile • block veneer (cmu) PAVERS • concrete pavers • natural stone • tile • precast concrete • clay brick 4 // ORCO Blended Products

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LONG TERM PERFORMANCE History has proven, inorganic masonry veneers and pavers have life expectancies of not 15–25 years but 50–100 years and longer. The VBM-VP Installation System is composed predominately of polymer modified inorganic mortars. These enhanced mortars provide the long-term life expectancy of the masonry units being installed. We do offer organic components to the system but generally reserved for special applications. We do offer organic components to the system but they are reserved for special applications requiring elastomeric properties. efflorescence reduction. The high water repellency of the bonding mortars and grouts significantly improves the durability of the entire masonry assembly. COLOR MATTERS The joint grout color and texture have a significant effect on the overall appearance of masonry veneer and paver installations. We offer a broad selection of standard colors and unlimited special orders. The VBM-VP System includes joint grouts / pointing mortars with course masonry and fine silica sand. They combine high strength, durability, and low shrinkage for a wide variety of joint sizes and conditions. WATER PROTECTION (Efflorescence Control Freeze/Thaw Durability) From top to bottom VBM-VP Installation Systems improve the water resistance of the entire masonry assembly. All VBM Bonding Mortars and MAC Joint Grouts have some efflorescence reducing properties. Most are highly water repellant and provide excellent ORCO Blended Products // 5

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// BONDING MORTARS VBM-Poly 500 A premium quality, medium-thick bed, polymer modified bonding mortar exceeding the shear bond strengths and the freeze thaw requirements of ANSI 118.4*. It also meets ASTM C270* Type S property specifications. It provides exceptional non-sag, tack, bond strengths and is highly water repellant. VBM-Poly 500 is recommended for the most demanding projects, especially paver installations with vehicle traffic. VBM-Poly 300 A high quality, polymer modified, medium-thick bed bonding mortar. It meets ASTM C270* Type S property specifications and the shear bond and freeze thaw requirements of ANSI 118.4*. It has great non-sag, high bond strengths and good water repellant properties. It has slightly lower bond strengths, tack and water repellant properties than VBM-Poly 500 but far exceeds the requirements of most projects and is the work horse of the polymer modified medium-thick bed bonding mortars. VBM-Poly LFT A polymer modified medium-thick bed bonding mortar for Large Format Tile and similar veneers and pavers. With water retentions and tack similar to thin set mortars, it can be used for thin and medium to thick bed applications, it has ex­ ceptional non-sag properties. VBM-Poly LFT meets ASTM C-270*- property specifi­ cation and ANSI 118.4 shear bond requirements. VBM-Poly LFT is less water repellant VBM-Poly 300 or 500 but still provides efflorescence resistance properties. Includes additional tack and water retention designed specifically for use on large format tiles and stone. It is a bridge between a thinset and medium bed bonding mortar. VBM Our most economical medium-thick bed bonding mortar. It meets ASTM C-270* property specifications and ANSI 118.1*. Shear bond requirements, bond strengths and water repellant properties are lower than VBM-Poly 100, but the bond is typically stronger than the substrate. It has excellent non-sag, bond strengths, lower shrinkage and workability. It is recommended light to moderate usage conditions. All VBM Bonding Mortars are available in grey and special order colors. 6 // ORCO Blended Products

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VBM-Bonder A premium quality, polymer modified thin set bonding mortar with exceptional nonsag, water repellant and high bond strengths. VBM Bonder exceeds ANSI 118.4* shear bond strength and freeze thaw requirements. It is suitable for installation of a wide variety of large masonry veneers and pavers in heavy duty environments. The tack, bond strength and impact resistance make it the preferred bonding mortar over cement backerboard, prepared concrete and smooth surfaces. VBM-Poly Thin set A polymer modified thin set bonding mortar with good non-sag, moderate water repellant properties and high bond strengths. The polymer modification, bond strengths and water repellant properties are not as great as VBM bonder, however, it still exceeds the shear bond strength requirements of ANSI 118.4*. It is recommended as an economical bonding mortar for thin brick and similar masonry and tile veneers. VBM-Thin set Our Most economical polymer modified thin set bonding mortar. The bond strengths exceeds ANSI 118.4* for ceramic tile. It has excellent non-sag properties. The water repellant properties are less than VBM Bonder and VBM - Poly Thin set but it still contains efflorescence reducing properties. R-Lastic A waterbased elastomeric bonding, waterproofing, crack isolation and air barrier coating. R-Lastic is exceptionally versatile and may be used in all of the above applications. As a bonding adhesive it is recommended over metal, wood and conditions requiring a very high degree of flexibility-wainscot caps-wall caps etc. VBM Bonder, VBM Poly Thin set, VBM-Poly LFT, 300 and 500 (highly polymer modified bonding mortars) provide an excellent bond to R-Lastic. More Information R-FLEX-AD Highly flexible latex additive. See 'Accessory Products for description. SILICA SHIELD-PRIMER NOTE Inorganic primer/sealer for substrates. ACRA600 (ACCEL-R-AID) Accelerating additive for Bonding Mortars. * tests modified for thick bed mortars Blended Products // 7 and air cured perORCO ANSI

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// JOINT GROUTS MAC Mortar-Premium A premium quality, polymer modified, Type S masonry mortar designed for joint grouting applications of masonry veneers and pavers. The polymer modification provides added flexural bond strength, low shrinkage, stain resistance, efflorescence protection and water repellant properties. It is recommend for the most demanding application conditions. All MAC Mortars use coarser masonry sand. It meets ASTM C-270* Type S properties specifications and ANSI 106 – compressive strength and absorption requirements. MAC Mortar-Plus A high quality water repellant, Type S masonry mortar designed for joint grouting masonry veneers and pavers. It is highly water repellant and provides excellent efflorescence reducing properties, stain resistance, compressing strength, and low shrinkage. The water resistance also protects color integrity. It is recommended for most veneers and pavers with pedestrian traffic and light vehicle traffic. It meets ASTM C-270* Type S property specifications and ANSI 106 – compressive strengths, and water absorptions requirements. All MAC Mortars are made with coarser masonry sand. MAC Mortar A high quality masonry mortar meeting ASTM C-270* - Type S property specifications. It does not have the high level of water repellence of MAC Mortar-Plus but still includes efflorescence reducing properties. MAC Mortar has good work ability, strengths, and low shrinkage. It is recommended for most veneers and paver applications with pedestrian traffic. All MAC Mortars are made with coarser masonry sand. VP Joint Grout-Premium / VP Joint Grout A premium quality, polymer modified cement mortar designed for joint grout applications requiring a finer sand. The higher level of polymer modification make it the recommended for the most demanding applications—pavers with vehicle traffic. It is highly water repellant, has excellent stain resistance, efflorescence reducing properties, compressive strengths and low shrinkage. VP Joint Grout-Premium and VP Joint Grout meet the compressive strength and water absorptions requirements of ANSI 106.4. VP Joint Grout has a lower level of polymer modification. 8 // ORCO Blended Products

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// BASE MORTARS MAC Scratch & Brown-Premium A premium quality, polymer modified, high strength cement mortar designed as a scratch and brown coat. MAC Scratch & Brown-Premium provides a much stronger, water repellant, base for VBM Mortars than field mixed cement plasters. It has low shrinkage and crack resistant properties than standard cement plaster mortars. MAC Scratch & Brown-Plus / MAC Scratch & Brown A high strength, cement plaster mix with additional water repellant properties. It does not contain the additional polymer of MAC Scratch & Brown-Premium. MAC Scratch & Brown-Plus provides a much stronger, water repellant base for VBM bonding mortars than field mixes utilizing plastic cement. It provides a good balance between performance and economy. MAC Scratch & Brown has less water repellant/efflorescence properties. Both products meet ASTM C-270* Type S property specifications and ASTM. Poly Deck Mud A premium quality, polymer modified, dry pack mortar used as a levelling thick bed mortar for paver installation. The polymer modification provides added flexural strengths and impact resistance. It is the product recommended for the most demanding, extra heavy duty applications. Poly Deck Mud has very high compressive strengths, water repellant and efflorescence control. The water repellency provides protection to the paver installation from water migration from the substrate. Deck Mud-Plus A high quality, water repellant, thick bed mortar designed as a levelling bed beneath paver installations. Deck Mud-Plus is applied as a dry pack mortar. It has exceptional high compressive strengths, water repellant and efflorescence protection to the paver installation. The water repellency provides resistance from water migration from the substrate into the paver installation. All VBM Bonding Mortars are available in grey and special order colors. NOTE: * tests modified for thick bed mortars and air cured per ANSI ORCO Blended Products // 9

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// WATER BARRIERS R-Lastic A waterbased elastomeric bonding, waterproofing, crack isolation and air barrier coating. R-Lastic is exceptionally versatile and may be used in all of the above applications. As a bonding adhesive it is recommended over metal, wood and conditions requiring a very high degree of flexibility-ie wainscot caps-wall caps etc. VBM Bonder, VBM Poly Thin set, VBM-Poly LFT, 300 and 500 (highly polymer modified bonding mortars) provide an excellent bond to R-Lastic. Poly Water Stop A polymer modified, cement based, damp-proof coating for concrete and concrete block. This cement coating chemically bonds to cement substrates and may be bonded to by polymer modified VBM mortars. It may be mixed with only water or R-Flex AD for extra flexural properties and water resistance. R-Flex Ad A highly flexible, latex additive for VBM bonding mortars and Poly Water Stop. R-Flex-Ad produces exceptionally flexible mortars when used in lieu of water as the mixing liquid. A damp-proof, elastomeric cement coatings is produced when mixed with Poly Water Stop or VBM Bonder. R-Flex-Ad is not recommended for joint grouts as it will change color. Silica Shield-Primers — #1K, #2L and #3 A water based, inorganic silicate primers-hardners for concrete, concrete masonry, stucco color coats, cement scratch & brown coats and some natural stone. • Primer #1K-is potassium based • Primer-#2Li-is lithium based and provides better water resistance. • Primer-#3 org- includes an organic polymer for greater water resistance. 10 // ORCO Blended Products

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// ACCESSORY PRODUCTS J-4 R-Repel Aid An integral water repellant cement additive. It is suggested for addition to all concrete slabs on grade, retaining walls and fill grout for concrete block. Addition to concrete bases in paver applications will significantly protect the en¬tire assembly from water infusion, damage and efflorescence. R-Acrylic Ad A water based acrylic additive for addition to cement mortars and grouts. Added to joint grout mortars it significantly improves flexural bond, water resistance, stain resistance and impact resistance. It is recommended for heavy duty applications. R-Acrylic Ad is a harder polymer than R-Flex-Ad and is color stable for long term performance. Silox PS2 A water based, silane-siloxane penetrating sealer for masonry veneers and pavers. It penetrates and forms a chemical bond with the inorganic masonry to provide long term protection. It has little to no effect on the color or appearance of the masonry unit. Silox-PS2 is sold as a concentrate and is diluted on the job site. ACRA 600 – Accel-R-Aid A non-chloride, powdered accelerating additive for VBM Bonding Mortars and base mortars. Acra 600 can produce very high strengths in 4 hours. Set times and strengths can be significantly reduced depending on dosage. Acra 600 is not recommended for color joint grouts as it may effect color. ACR A100 – Accel-R-Aid A non-chloride powdered accelerating additive for joint grouts. It has little effect on color. Acra 100 typically provides a modest decrease on set times and increase of 24-hr strengths in colder conditions. ORCO Blended Products // 11

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INSTALLATION GUIDE Quality Control Always test the suitability of the products and the installation techniques prior to installation. Test bonding mortars by installing the masonry unit, then remove the unit within 1 minute after installation. The mortar should have equal contact to the substrate and to the masonry unit, 100% coverage. Install joint grouts using the technique and conditions expected on the job. Different tooling techniques, weather, and job conditions can dramatically alter the color and appearance. Test before, during, and after. General The recommendations listed below are a general guide. For specific product application and limitations see the appropriate product data sheet and specifications related to these details. Follow all local building codes. Please contact our technical department for more information at 909-862-2480 or www.orcoblendedproducts.com. Installation SUBSTRATES. The substrate must be structurally sound and conform to good engineering practices. Substrate deflection under all live, dead and impact loads, including concentrated loads must not exceed L/360 for thin bed installation or L/480 for thick bed stone installations, where L= span length. Installations shall be in accordance with International Building Code, ANSI, CBC and local building codes. Movement joints shall be brought through mortar and veneer to the surface. All surfaces must be sound, clean, and free from any dirt, oil, paint, bond breakers, efflorescence or any contaminants which may hinder bond. Choosing the right products Choosing the right product for installing any masonry system is the first important step for a successful long term application. Pavers installed on a residential patio or driveway will be subject to completely different conditions than pavers installed on a commercial project or city street. Evaluate the conditions of the project, the masonry unit, and substrate to choose the best products for your project. The VBM-VP Installation System provides one of the broadest selections of products to meet the needs of many different projects. 12 // ORCO Blended Products

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Installation SUITABLE SUBSTRATES • Concrete (prepared) • Concrete Masonry • Cement Plaster • Cement Mortar Beds • Gypsum Board (Dry Interior Walls Only) • Existing Ceramic Tile and Marble (prepared) • Exterior Grade Plywood (Interior only) • Approved Cement Backer Board (prepared) • Metal (R-Lastic only) Poured in place concrete (Prepared) and Tilt up concrete (Prepared). Smooth concrete must be roughened. This is best achieved by removal of the surface layer by bead blasting, grinding or equivalent. High pressure washing is not adequate for complete removal of bond breakers or release agents. Concrete block (Untreated). May be directly adhered to or lath and plaster may be attached. Wood or steel studs. Shall receive an approved sheathing, lath and plaster. Lath and Cement Plaster. Lath and cement plaster shall conform to IBC, CBC, ASTM guidelines and veneer manufactures requirements. Allow to cure 24 hours prior to application. We recommend one of the Mac Scratch and Brown mortars to provide a high strength, water resistant plaster substrate. Cement backer board (Prepared). A scratch coat of VBM Bonder must be used on the cement backer board and the setting mortar must be Poly VBM or VBM Bonder. Application shall be approved by the stone or brick manufacturer. All joints must be taped with fiberglass (or equal) tape and joints filled with VBM Bonder, R-Lastic or equal. Consult cement backer board manufacturer for specific installation recommendations and limitations. SPECIAL BONDING CONDITIONS Metal / Metal Flashing. All bond inhibitors must be removed. Test prior to installation. Use R-Lastic as the elastomeric bonding adhesive. Wall Caps, Silcaps. For conditions requiring a highly flexible bond. Use R-Lastic as the elastomeric bonding adhesive or primer. Primers: Silica Shield primers may be used to densify some substrates such as: sand stone, stucco color coats, stucco base coats, or masonry. Due to the varying nature of the substrates they should be used strictly after extensive testing. They may also be used for dampproofing properties Water Barriers. Water barriers shall be as required by local building codes, and specifications. While R-Lastic may be used as an air and water barrier in the bonding system similar to some manufactures systems, we recommend all air and water barriers be used behind the bonding system. The VBM - VP Installation System recommends the bonding system be composed of our inorganic bonding mortars except in special bonding circumstances. Mixing. See Individual product data sheets for specific mixing instructions. Do not over mix or over water. High air and water content will reduce strengths. Bonding. See Individual product data sheets for specific bonding instructions. All bonding mortars must be firmly pressed onto the substrate and the masonry unit. 100% coverage. Joint Grouts. See Individual product guides for specific grouting instructions. Use the same water, technique and conditions to achieve color and finish consistency. Color can change dramatically under differing conditions. ORCO Blended Products // 13

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DETAILED DRAWINGS The following drawings serve as a guide for proper installation methods and product selection for ensuring good workmanship and quality. Choosing the right products is essential in ensuring long term performance. 14 // ORCO Blended Products

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STUD / EXTERIOR WALL lath-cement plaster base 01 Exterior sheathing 02 Wood studs 01 Exterior Sheathing 02 Wood Framing 03 Air and Water Barrier (optional) 04 Two Layers (water resistant barrier) 05 Lath 06 Lath Fastners 03 Air and Water Barrier (Optional) • R-Lastic 04 Two layers WRB 05 Lath 06 Lath Fastners 07 08 10 Scratch & Brown Coat (Options) • MAC Scratch & Brown–Premium • MAC Scratch & Brown–Plus • MAC Scratch & Brown VBM Bonding Mortar (Options) Thin bed Medium-Thin Bed • VBM Bonder • VBM-Poly 500 • VBM Poly Thin set • VBM-Poly 300 • VBM-Poly LFT • VBM Joint Grout (Options) Masonry sand • MAC Mortar–Premium • MAC Mortar–Plus • MAC Mortar 07 Scratch & Brown Coat 08 Bonding Mortar 09 Masonry Veneer 10 Mortar Joint WRB lapped over weep screed Weep Screed 09 Adhered Masonry Veneer Fine Sand • VP Joint Grout–Premium • VP Joint Grout STUD / EXTERIOR WALL cement backer board base 01 Exterior sheathing 02 Wood studs 01 Exterior Sheathing 02 Wood Framing 03 Air and Water Barrier (optional) 04 Two Layers (water resistant barrier) 05 Tape Joints 03 Air and Water Barrier (Optional) • R-Lastic 04 Two layers water resistant barrier - per specifications and code 05 Taped Backer Board Joints 06 Approved Backer Board - Exterior Grade 07 10 VBM Bonding Mortar (Options) Thin bed • VBM Bonder • VBM Poly Thin set • VBM Thin set Joint Grout (Options) Masonry sand • MAC Mortar–Premium • MAC Mortar–Plus • MAC Mortar 06 Cement Backer Board 07 Bonding Mortar 08 Masonry Veneer 09 Mortar Joint 09 Adhered Masonry Veneer WRB lapped over weep screed Weep Screed Fine Sand • VP Joint Grout–Premium • VP Joint Grout STUD / INTERIOR WALL Cement Backer Board Base Water Resistant barriers may be eliminated in areas. Not exposed to water.

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