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g..t@Ne4 n HSopuaquoH H o-aHan nrl4 q ecKoe u3fl aH e 14 ocHoBaHo a 2002 roAy l4sgaHue xypHana ocyulecrBnrercr B paMKax npoeK- ra ucrpareruf, pa3Bt,tTHH MonoAexHbrx opraHnsaqnfi s Benapyctr'r, peaflil3yeMofo npn QuHaucoeoil noggepNre llporpauuur TACI4C Eaponeracxoro coll3a il B corpyAHr,rqecree c HaLliloHanbHbrM coBeroM MorioAexHbrx opraHu3aqillr tleeqfi il (LSU). D--_-----l Fffrl l'':'j;l lhn&addhsdg6 IUrydolrMBni$tdn* coflcpffiaHile AIATilTIHA | | B cnyvae Heo6xogr,tuocru nonyveunr 6onee nogpo6uoil nu$opuaqnn o peafih3aqril npoeKra .Crparerns pa3BilTilq MonoAexHbrx oprauusaqur,r e Eerapycl,r,, noxanyilcra, o6paulafrrecu: .0r Eenopyccruil coro3 MonoflexHbrx ,l AercKl4x o6ulecrseHHsrx o6reAuueHnfr [].'Mauescxan . xpurytrn - K co3rrlaHnn (nurepeun c pyKoBo[ilreneM [enapraMeHTa no Mofl olexHofi non nruxe MmH ucrepcrea o6paroaaH nn Poccr,rft cxoil Oe[epaqu u l-. KynpunHoaofr ). AnpecHsre fpynnbr rocynapcTBeHHofi ruonolexHoil . 2-4 0 *PAAA, (ECMflOO uPAflAu): yn. K. Maprca,40-47 220030, Muscr nonuruxur e fecny6nr,rre Senapym. 0. Macn0e..................................5'1 . Halo nolylaru... ren./Saxc: (017) 222-30-05 e-mail : rada@user.unibel.by (t/nSopMaUuR 0T aHanilTilqecKoro rleHTpa npoeKTa "Crparernn pa3Bnrtltff MoflolexHbrx opraHnsaqnil e Senapycur'). 0. CauyK............ Eypuocenxo 1 I www.rada.org"by Pe4axrop "Grparerilf " B lencrglll . OueHileaeM "Crparerun... (onpoc xouangur l-lpoexra). I/1. Bepcua filrsaiH -UlpunaJlo6ro - fluaua MaxeacxaR Angpefr Paguoe 12'13 . 9ro raxoe . - MexlyHaponHbre Molro[exHbre cTpyKrypbl il KaK c uuvrn pa-6orar,,. 0. lJJecraxoaa ...................... Kro wrut u KaKoBa Haua pons? (Cyrvr6ypnure pa3MbruneHnn rpeHepa). B. . . I4-15 1 Yupegurenu: Eenopyco

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0T Degafiqflfi ilpraercrayeu Bac! B xacronqnf, uouenr Bul gepxnre B pyKax yxe qerBepruf, uouep xypHafla "CoflelcrpaMKax npoeKTa "Ctparerrn pa3Bltrl{f, Monof,exHbrx opraHt,lsaqnf, e Eenapycr". Haur xypxan yxe 3aBoeBafl cBoeFo qnTarenc. OH AocraroqHo nonynqpeH B Morof,exnof, "HfO-runof," cpege; ero cnpaultBaKtr B rocyAapcTBeHHbrx cTpyKrypax; Hau}| KoflnerH-xypHarr]|cTbt npof,BIftoT K HeMy nHTepec. Kpoue 6onee qeM flByxcor noflnncqnxoa a Eenapych, "Co4ef,crBt,te" noflyr{apr B Pocortt, Eenrrnn H lUseUur. r,r3gaBaeMoro Hageeucn, flannufi HoMep sul nafigere rxrepecHbtM (anporeu, KaK n npeAbrgyqre). B HeM Mbr npegnaraeM Baueuy BHl,tMaHHrl 9KCKiilO3l{BHOe ilHTepBbO C AnpeKTOpOM TpeHepoB Eaponef,cxoro MonogexHoro Qopyua". Ee aarop - fintxa 3nxqenro HenocpeflcrBeHHo f,Brnercs qneuou otol KOMaHAbr,lr nooToMy Mbt cql,tTaeM HHTepecHbtM ee B3rnf,f, "H3Hyrpl,t" ua pa6ory xo- are", B Maxflbr. Taxxe aBTop f,aer HaM xopounf, rcropl,rqecKnfi o6sop Dt orBer na aonpoc "A qro 9To gaer HaM?", Ha sror pas a py6pnxe "flapagnrMa" Mbt pe- lulrfil,| no3HaKoMl{Tb BaC C pOMaHTrqecKHMH crtrxaMl,t xa 6enapycxail uoee. CnagsneucR, eau cnaf,a6aer{Ua. O6HoeneH cn]tcoK KoopAHHar opraxneaqnf,, pa6oqxM flognn 6urcrpoFo KoHTaKTHpoBaHns c KorrreraMr lr3 MoronexHbrx opranrsaquil KyMeHToM roropuil Moxer crarb BaulM qneHoB - Hro xe "PMbl". oxnflaer Bac B nqroM BbtnycKe flenapraueHTa no MononexHof, nonrrnxe Mnnncrepcraa o6pasoBaH],ts Poccnilcrof, Oefiepaqnn l-annnofi Kynpnnnoaof,. lianxen AyMaeM, Bac saunrepecyer uarepnan o6 agpecHbrx rpynnax rocyf,apcrBexnofi MonogexroF nor'truKl,t a Pecny6nnxe Eenapycu, nogroroBnexrul acnnpaHToM raQegpu no,mrofiort,llt topltflrqecKoro Qaxynrrera 5enopyccKoro rocyf,apcTBeHHoro yHHBepeHrera Onerou Macnoeulu. B py6pnxe "CrparernR a 4efrcraun" Bbt MoxeTe o3HaKoMl,tTbcc c xo4oM peanl{3aqHH Hauero npoeKTa 6narogapn crarbrM, Han,tcaHHbtMH HaUnM[ yqacTH]tKaM[, a TaKXe onpocy npoBeAeHHoMy cpegr corpy4Hr{KoB npoeKTa. xypHara "Cogeicrene"? KaK Bcerfla xopouufi nog6op anarrlrnqeexoX nn$opuaqtn or AxanrrnqecKoro 4eHTpa Hauero llpoerra. Thrxe nflaHhpyercq Marephan, nogpo6Ho paccKa3uaaoulril qro xe raxoe flporpaMMa "YOUTH" ("Monogexb"), KaK oHa Syxxqronnpyer n KaKhM o6pa3oM s Hef, MoryT noyqacrBoBaru 6enopyccKxe MonoAexnure HfO. Eqe ognn onpoc roroBnrcfi Ane xypHana oror pa3 Bbr no3HaKoul,trecr no6nnxe c corpyf,HlrKaur Cexperaprara "PAAbl" u y3HaeTe Hx MHeH[e o ToM, HacKoIbKO C'|O)|(HO lun nerKo 6ulru corpygHt{KoM HerocygapcrseHxoil opraHr,r3aqnn, Ha flyuaeu, Marepnan nauefi rpagnqnoxxoI py6pnxn "Koxcyrlraqnq ppncra" oKaxerca nofle3HbrM s sauei exef,HeBHoft pa6ore npH peueH],|n BonpocoB TpygoBblx oTHoue- nnfi a paurax flesrenbHocrn opraHhgaqilil. Kpoue roro, coBeryeu o6parrTb BHhMaHne Ha crarbK, "3HaKoMbrecb - KoMaHfla o MofioAexHoM ABHXeHH}|, ero npo6neuax H f,ocruxeHnex, paccKasaru o6 yflaqHo pearn3oBaHHbx npoeKTax, nof,e,rnTbcr cBolirMr rBopqecKhun nnanauu. He sa6ureaFre npo Hac. flpnnrxoro sau qreHns! MbrcrsMl,r Mu nprsureaeM h Bac crarb aBTopault Ha. uero l,|3AaHhg, nofleflHTbcf, c HaMn BauilMll Ne4

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0r nf[Tlnn r H G03rflaHilru Ha crpanuqax Hauero ugAaHuA Mbr AocraroqHoe BHhMaHfle yAenreM npoqeccaM, npoucxoAflr4,rM B MonoAexsofr noflhrrKe Hauero rocyAapctea. Ho, Ha Hau B3rngA, He MeHee HHTepecHo "3arrnHyrb" 14 K HautfiM coceAflM, qro6ur y3Harb, KaK y Hl4x r4Aer pa3Bnrue rocygapcraennofr MofloflexHoit nonuruxu, KaK[e ecrb Aocr]4xeH[s H KaK[e cyu{ecrByror npo6neuu. flosrouy ceroAHf, Mbr npe4rlaraeM BaueMy BHnMaH,to gKcKrrro3r4BHoe nHrepBblo c l-AJl14HOfr KynPl,|flHOBOfr, pyxoaoAhrefleM flenaprauenra no Mono4exnofr nonHTHKe MuHncrepcrea o6paooBaHnA Poccufrcxofr Oe4epaqnr, c xoropofi peAaKrop Hauero xypHana flnana MAHEBCKATI Bcrperunacb Bo BpeMfl Mexgynapognofr xonQepeHqnyr no MonogexHoMy corpygH]4qecrB$ cocronBuefrcc e Haqane oxrn6pn s,[auuu. - fanuna BaneHrHHosHa, KaK Bbl oqeHuBaee M0H0n0nfi 3ilp0BaHH0e, Aefi Aeon0f fi 314p0BaHH0e, H0 Te nonoxeHue MononexHbrx opraHusaquil Pocculr Ha ceroAHf,lrnuil nenu? B xouqe pasHoo6paeHoe no $opruaM, no coflepxaHilo flerTenbHocrfi. Mur noggepNilBaeM KaK pa3 Bor ory ne- ceHrr6pr reKyulero foga cocrorflocb crpory, Mo3ailqHocrb. ly' re opraHr3aqilil, Koropbre 3acegaHlte flpaerrenscraeHHor4 KoMr4ccllrl no AenaM Monolexn. B qacruocl4, Ha HeM paccMarpilBancr Bonpoc o rocylapcrBeruor,1 noAAepxKe M0noAexHbrx f1 lercKr4x o6r.lecreeuHurx o6reArHeurr,r CTaBgT CBoel,l 3a,qaqelt eOnpOCst BoCnilTaHilt, B0- npocbr co3ilAarensHoi AerrenbHocl,r h o6re!ilHqor 3HaqilTeflbHoe vilcJro Mofloflexil, ecTecrBeHH0, B panbHbrM 3aKoHoM Poccnu. K erouy 3acegaHHo flenapraueurol,t 6uu npoeegeH aHarr3 reHgeuqrlr pa3Bill4r Mono- e nofle Hauero 3peHiln yr B coorBercreilil c Qele"O rocygapcreeHHo14 no4Aepx- AexHoro ABilxeHilr 3a MfiHyBUee AecrTfineTile. Ke MoflogexHbtx il AercKt4x o6re4rueuulr", Moryr npeTeHAoBaTb Ha noAlepxKy, B roM L{r4cre h il3 0n r

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aHarITltila 3aqilil, Koropbre 0QilqilanbHo 3apefficrpt4p0BaHbl KaK 006 ulepoc aAncKue, 3ar Bfl fi tor o ce6e, npelcraB- rrffroT HaM cBoil npoeKrbt, nporpaMN/bt. Mur pa6ora- eM KaK pa3 c on4Mlt 57 opraursaqlrrun. XorR, roHeqHo, He Bce oHil o[HonnaHoBbre. Ecnn roBop/Tb [loNanylt, lnr Hac 6urno gna raKrx 3Haqillrrutx co6urrilq. Xorn, Bo3MoxHo, 3!ecb cneAyeT cKa3arb o rpex - 5or lrc6rr rpoyluy, xorb r n He npilHaAnexy K Te[/, KTo hcn0BeAyeT Ty hnil ilHyro B gera6pe 2001 rota 6urna yreepNgeua Kouqenqrn rocyAapcrBeHHolr uonogeNHori noflilrur

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npil TocygapcrBeHHofi !yr',re OegepanuHoro 6paHrn Poccltr,tct

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aHaltlT[ft4 mpecnble rpyltltbl rocyflapcrBennofr Monogexnofr nofl urunw e Pecny6nuKe Eenapycb t|mr MACll0B, "C Bo-nepaux, cror4r BbtAenLt16 Mono4emb, pa6oran- cnequanbno dnn trcypnana odertcmeue" LUyn B ryMaHnrapHbrx cQepax, rpe6yor.rlnx BbtcrlLefo 3aroro4arenucreo Pecny6nrrr Senapycb, cocraBfleroulee npaBoByro 6asy rocy4apcrseHHon vonoEexHor4 non/rt/1Kt/\ He [eTanl]3t/pyer cy6rerroa vonogeNloi non/fft Kvt, qro npilBo,qilT x uesS$exrnetocrn rocyAapcrBeHHbrx np0rpaMM, HanpaBfl eHHbrx Ha peue- rr N e s rcoKo t

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cnequanbHoil noqroroBKu (cnecapu, napilKMaxepbl, n0Bapa, BoArrenfi ropogcKoro rpaHcnopra u r.n.). laHlar cSepa cpaeuureflbHo nerKo AocrynHa flflt rpygoycrpolrcrea, Ho, nocKonbKy pa6ora e Ftel4, xax npaBiltlo, cBfl3aHa c rqxenutu SnanvecKuM Tpygotil, H143K0t1 onfiaror,l rpyga, To MonoAbte nnAu eroil rpynnbl ol{eHb qacro pagil AeHer illyr Ha HeonpaBlaHHbltt pttcx. Inn ynyvlleHilr cr4ryaqnr e erovt nogrpynne Heo6xognuo npepocraBHTb MofloAblM noAflM B03M0xH0crb noBblueHilq ceoer,r t4C HAH Senapyo,r, cpegr o$nqraflbHo 3aperilcrpr4fopola MrHcna 6utno sutrereHo, r{ro 6onsue nofloBrHbt (59,4% no BceMy MaccrBy onpoueHHbrx) tuonoputx rxrAett s Bo3pacre or 16 lo 29 ner exnoqfiTenbHo HaxoAFTct e cocronunr 6eopa6ornqur BcnegcrBile ueycrpoltcraa Ha pa6ory nocne oKoHqaHilr yve6Horo 3aBegeHfifl. V1 ecnu Myx.tl,lH, He poBaHHbrx 6eapa6orHutx rearnQvmayu B cpeAHtix cneqilaJlbHblx tl Ha fibroTHbtx ycJtoBrltx. Bblc- uux yve6rsrx 3aBeAeHilfix OrAenuuo cneAyer BbtAenfirb uonoAux nngen, saHerbtx B c$epe odpasoBaHufl ,t MeAuqrlHbt (tuonogste HaueAlu4x pa6ory no srofr npilqhHe, nprMepHo n0r0BfiHa, To xeHUlnH 3HaqrTenbHo 6olutL:e - ABe rperh. SoruuLr4Hcreo nil6o eoece He ilMeno onutra pa6orut, nv'6o ux rpygooor,r craN 6utn BecbMa HeeenilK. Oco6eHuo xaparrepHo Heycrpoucrso Fta pa6ory nocne oKoHqaHilff yve6uoro 3aBeAeHfit (e ocuoeHout turonut) 6eepa6ornurx 16-17 ner [4ueHHo ory npfiqilHy yKa3brBarcr 86,3% pecnougeHroB oroi aospacrHoi nog- yrillrenr, Bocnlirarelil, ue4cecrput). lauHule c$eput Brr rorct nonHocrblo 6toANerHutur, r. e. 3aBfi ct lLll4M rocyAapcrBa, K0r0p0e He B cocroqHhil rapaHrilpoBarb Marepilarulyrc cra6rnbHocrb MoJto4blM cneqilaflhcraM, Liro 3acraBflrer nocreAHt,tx ltcraru nprpa6off 14 ffq 0r rpynnbr. Cpegn 18-24-rerHilx He cMornil rpyloycrpo/rbcq nocre oKoHqaHilt yve6Horo saee[eHt,ts 56,8%, cpegu 25-29-nerHux - 12,1%. roK Ha cropoHe, nopolt e yqep6 co6creeHlotuy cao6oAHorvry BpeMeHu il npoQecciloHarlbHoMy pocry Ha ocHoaHoi oa6ore. HevanoeaNHoil nprvuuott crolb BbtcoKt4x qilSp 6espa6orrqur Monogexil fiBJlfferct HexenaHhe M0n0lbrx cneqilarilcroe pa6orarb no cBol4M cneqnaflbHoc- 0co6yto 14HrerparilBHylo rpynny cocraBflffl0r pa- rrM no pacnpefleneHil|o ror.r rpyga. B Hepa3B]4Baoull414cF r0cyfiap- 6oranque cryfleHrbt. Monogute flo!il, nonyqaHlque Bbrcuee il cpeflHee cnellilanbHoe o6pa:oeauue, savaHe loBonbHbl cBol4M MarepnanbHblM nofloxeHileM, 3arffHyBrxettcn uarepraflbHol4 3aBrchMocrbto 0r creeFrHun4 ceKrop, xapaKTepil3ytoulmicn Hnsxolt onna- crylo Bo-eropurx - oro orKa3 or npegbuyulero pa6overo N,recTa BcneAcTBfie HeyAoBneTBopeHHocrh cB0l4M Tpy- pOgrrelett, qTo H ToIlKaeT fiX Ha noilCK CHaLlala BpeMeHHoro sapa6oxa e ceo6oguoe BpeMt, a B nocrleAc-lBt4t/1 t4 nocroqHHo14 3aHflTocTl,l Ha Becb pa6ovutl peHu. EcrecreeFrFro, Lrro raKoe noroxeHHe n0Ar0T0BKl4 M0n0Ablx cneqilanhcr0B. EAilHcreeHFruril/ peLxeH/eM aeqetl orprqa- TerbHo cKa3btBaercn Ha ypoBHe npo$eccnolanslota npo6neu lByx nocreA- gour. Coqnororr4qecKre ilccteloBaHilt noKa3blBarcT, Lrro oKoflo 50% volo[utx lrcgett He ncnbtrbtBaor Hl4KaKoro yAoBnerBopeH/ff or rpyfla no us6palHo[ npoSeccllr,r, 6onee 25% xefiarcr cMeHilrb npoQeccrn, nprqeM 50% ynonulnouiettcr uolo[eNil o6rscHq[0r cBor4 yxoA ouLn6oqHutu aut6opov npoQeccilh. noBbtuleHilo sapa6orHot,t nnarut Monolblx cnellilarilcroB 6togNerHott cQepbr il pa3MepoB crfineHfihvl cry[eHra[/. Hilx rpynn tBl*orcff tlarv no ynyvuenrfr a/tryaqwA e o6nacrr uonogeNuott 6mpa6oruqut rocyAapcrBy ueo6xo4nt,to orKa3arbce 0r naccilBHofo BapilaHTa coqilarbH0l4 nofivlkKn, npil K0T0- lln Sespa6ornar Monoleilb B3p0ctlyl0 rpyAo0nblr xl43Hb, fiMeer MriHl/Manutstil coqranbHbl14 gBnteTcfl rlTo ypoBHfl BblcoKoro nprvruot,1 aor4 NilgH14, 6espa6orilqur cpeAil MolloAexil. Moroloe noKoreHt,te, Bcrynat B0 yAenffeTct oKa3aHrlo l/aTepilanuuolr noMou.l4 6espa6o;ttutt',t. Cne4yer nepeopileHT/poBarb ory nonilTltKy Ha co3gaH/e Hoautx pa6ovttx tuecr iqrr MonoAexlt. flpn no4roroeKe pa3riltlHblx HopMarilBHbrx il npaBoBbrx aKToB, KacarculilxcF cTaryca M0Il0A0r0 cneqilalilcra, oco6oe BHilMaHt4e Heo6xogruo y4eflffTb p0r4 0cH0BH0e BHilMaHHe npaBoBbrM, 3KoHoMl4LtecKilM l/ coqilanbHblM HopMaM, c0- Tar, Hanpruep , x 2002 rofiy AoJtff vonogutx 6espa6orHurx a Pecny6nrxe Senapycu npeBblcl4JIa nofl0B14Hy or qilcfla acex 6espa6ortstx - 52,9%, a B crolll4qe pe- 3AaoulrM ycroBiln Arr o6ecneqeHilr npoQecciloHanbuor,t aganraqun, cnyNe6uoro pocra. CvnraeM qenecoo6pasHurrtr HopMaTilBHo 3aKpenltTb pasuoo6pasHute llo- cny6nurn cocragilra 60,1%. Aranusnpyn ory chryauno, M0xH0 BbltBl4rb cKonbKo npilqHH uonofleNuor 6espa6orrqut: He- l/aTepila|bHble cTnMyflbl !flfl noBblueHilfl o6pasoearenuroro, npo$ecciloHalbHoro fi KynbrypHor0 ypoenera Moriogbrx pa6ovnx il cnequallilcroB. palbHbre h Bo-nepeutx - oro Heycrpoicrao sa pa6ory nocle oKoHqaHtlg yue6uoro 3aBe4eHltt, flo pesynurarau cor.lr4onorrqecKoro ilccnegoBaHilt, npoBegeHloro OrAeIIOM CoLll4ollof l4l4 Tpyga MaprrranunaR Monofielttb B nn6out o6ulecree c nto6otr coqranbHo-oKoHoMl4.recKol4 cncreuor,r B cilny qenoro pgAa coqhanbHblx, il SKOHO M il q eCrO t t COtlllonOruvt norufl/qecKilx, oKoHoMt4qecKilx 14 KynbrypH blx npilq l4H

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aHaItTltfia HeKoTopat qacTb nrcAel,1, B ToM r{l4cfie MoltoAblx, oKa- 3brBaeTcr BHe o6u.lefo noToKa collilanbHorl xl/3H/. B rpynny MaprilHaJroB n0naEarcr MofloEbte rnEil, He HaLl.le,qlUre cBoero MecTa B collt4yMe, He ilMeoujile ycToiqHBofo oKoHoMt4LiecKofo cTaTyca rflil xe norepffBurile ero B npoqecce collilanbHbtx cABl4r0B. Cpegn uapruHarbHoro citoff Mololexil MoxHo BbrAenilrb Lleflbr/ pff[ noAryynn, Koropbte no reM il|14 ilHbrM npilqilHaM oKa3anilcb coqilaflbHo ueaocrpe6oBaH H br [/il, ecTecTBeH H0, c0q14an bH0 He3au]il uleH Hbt |\/il : a) nHearugur, 6) crygeHrur, e) cnporur. Lluaanngu 06rev urSopMaqilil no npo6reve voIroflbtx t4HBalrhloB HrqToxHo MaIl, LtTo He AaeT 803MoxHocTLl locTaToLtHo nollH0 oxapaKTepil3oBaTb c0croffHlre n npo6leuur ynasaHuora tpynnbt. Cpe4ra cne- qfianilcroB ri B cneu/aflbHblx yl{pexleHnrx He cyulecTByer eflilHor0 MHeHilr laxe no noBogy o6u.lel4 qucfleHHocTil BCeX ilHBaIilAoB, He foBopff yxe 0 MonoAbtx. He3au.lfl- Morogsre fi HBarilAbt rBlff lorcr Har6onee UleHH0l,l npOCnOttt

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AercKr4x AoMax KaK lolr.ll4x fi [JK0nax-rHTepHarax, xapaKTepHbl, npaBilno, HaJthqtle cepbe3Hblx npooneM, 3arpyAHfipeaflil3aqilrc npaBa Ha nofiyqeHile KaqecTBeHH0- nolpocrKoB, a 1995-20599, a 1996-23443, e 199726055, a 1998 - 27262, a 1999 - 27529 nogpocrroe'. ro A6corprHoe 6onsuhHcreo Monolexil "BMlo'{aercR" B anKorofluHoe norpe6leHtle K 16 rogau. Cpeln MOflOAbTX nnflet,l crapue 3T0r0 Bo3pacTa qHcro rex, KTo xorr 6ur ogtrx pao npo6oean cnhprHoe, npeBbluaer qilcflo rex, Kro ero Hil pa3y He npo6oean. o6pa3oBaHilff, ncilxoflorilLlecKr14 ilH+aHTtlrl143lt/ l'l or]]yueHile HenonHolleHHocTfi n0 npilqfiHe AfifiTeIlbHoro npe6blBaHilff B 14HTepHarax il ceMeflH0l/ AenpuBaqilil. OcogHaHile HenonHoqeHHocrrt co3Aaer ncilxonoril- vecxrlr 6apsep gnr ycroltvraoro sopt',tttpoBaHt,tt tlyBcrBa oco3HaHH0r0 poAcrBa cBt3aHH0r0 c nnaHilpoBaHileM co6creeHHott ceuun. BcteAcraile SToro MHofhe Molo4bre xeHUltlHbt 143 t{l4cna 6utsuilx cl4poT ocraBfltror cBorlx Aereil B Tex TbtBaflficb caMu. Cyulecreyer raKxe 3HaqilTerlbHoe pa3nnqile B 0rHol]leHilil K CnilprHoMy y MonoAexil il3 pa3Hblx clloeB o6u.lecrea. Tax, yveHurn npo$eccuotalbHo-rexHUqecKr4x yr{ilnilul (nTV), t

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AHATITIHA T0IrbK0 peueHileM qr/cTo MeflfiuilHcKilx npo6neM Mono- geNr. flogxogn 6oree Jll4Tb AeranbHo K Bonpocy penilrilo3HpaBCTBeHH0- Rarqnhcu 6ur lexil, nyHKTaMil nCfiXOIOTO-nCHxuarpnveCrOtt nOuOqu. llpOSrnaxrrra HapKoMaHilh golxHa filril He B cropoHy co3AaHilt aAMHHilCrparilBH0-rocyAapcrBeHHbrx npilHy14 ynorpe6nroqelr HapKol4Krl, ro H0f0 BocnilTaHilF, rocylapcTBo cMoxeT co3AaTb, ycl4- il 3aKpenilTb B t\,,l0r0!exH0l4 CpeAe perynrrilBHbre il HHreipupyror!ile npoqeccbr. 14 ucnols3oBarb pejr[r,1|0 KaK 4eMeHrlrpyror{yro ocHoBy HaqiloHanuuolt Kyabrypbr r,r AilrenbHbrx crpyKryp, a coqilaflbHbrx cnyN6 pea6urr,rraqiloHH0r0 xapaKrepa. o6llecreeFr Hor,t r paacreeHHocrn. Penrrrouan Holloflenb 3anorHerme Bo3H14KLUero ilAeoflofr4qecKofo BaKyyMa, aKTilBl43aqilff AeffTelbH0CTl,l LlepKBl4 14 [/HOrOqilCneHHbrx pefiilrrlo3Hbrx npon0BeAHilKoB, nefaflil3aqnq onpegeneHHOtt qacrH Bepy0[]14x, Koropble npex[e no pasHbrM Ceueimn Hotlolcmb Oco6o crelyer Bbrlenhrb Monoflexb, Koropar, l/r SKoHoMr4- HecMoTpfl Ha Bo3pacTarculrlr couuarsHb[4 vecrril rpusnc e oOqecrae, orBaxilnacb pyc/ ceMbff Molo4ur Ha co6creeHHol,r cevsu. CerogHr KaxAag nrraR co3flaHile s Sena- coo6paNeHrru re aSnunpoBarr cBol4 B3rflr- r,,,r r,lorogan (5; c.a6). Abr, paAilKaflbHbre il3MeHeHilff B0 B3a,1MooTHoureHilrx focy4apcrBa h LlepKBr4, o6ulecrea vperlww1 nopo4r/B- peuilBtxilMcq o6saaecrncs co6crseHFr014 ceMbe14, npfixoAl4Tcfi nocTorHHo cTaflKh- aHllt M, ure ceoeo6paoHyro o6ulecrBeHHyro MoAy Ha peirufr/- Barbcn c 6urtoaururlr rpygHocrtMr4, Koropbre pelKo - Bce 3r0 0Ka3ar0 0rpoMHoe BrilrHile Ha Moflo.qexb, qefr counanuHbut t4 xt43HeHHuut onutr eule flocraroLrHo N/afi il e 6oruurrHcrBe cBoeN/ He cBr3aH BocnoMilHalttfrMu, a co3HaHile He o6pe[/eHeHo o3Hyro Kynbrypy Bcrapr nepel noAbMn crapuero Bo3pacra. Coggaaaq ceMbrc, MonoAbre fioAl/ oqeHb qacTo He ilMeoT cTa- 6nnuHoro sapa6orra il noroMy flolxHbt nocrorHHo nonb3oBarbct no4gepNror,r po4ureneu. He ilMeq ceo- il[eofl 0f t4qecKLlM14 LrTaN,tnaI/il. Vqilrurear, qro ilHTepecyoulaq Hac rpynna Haxoflvrrct B aKrilsFr0il Qase coqnanu3aLlil14, qel]ecoo6pasuo pa3gerilrb ee Ha ABe nogrpynnbr. Bo-nepeurx, sro "MnaAUaff" nolrpynna. Kareropur vono4urx logelr (1822 rona), Koropbre Haxo4rrcff B cra!/il noilcxa ce6R e ocHoBHbrx c$epax o6ulecreeFrFror,i xr/3H 14, q bn B3rlrfl Abl TofibKo QopMilpyrorcfl, eil reaprupsr, Mono[ar ceMbr BbtHyxAeHa 3HaqhrenbHyo Lracrb cBol4x Aoxo[oB Tparilrb ra ro, qro6ur cur,rMarb KBaplrpy l4lr4 KoMHary. 3avacryo Mofiogaff ceMbt HaqilHaer cBoro xt43Hb B creHax o6lueNi,rrurR r.t. He ilMeff Ha[exg Ha npuo6pereHt,te KBapr/pbr, BbrHyxAe- Ha oqeHb Aonfo raM npoxilBarb. Ecrr Ne Morogat ceMbr peuiaerct 3aBecril pe6erra, ro sro o6opavlaaeTcH,qonofl r!14, H a noroMy reycror,rvrasr r no4- l4TeI bHbrMr4 Tpy[HocTr M 14, A0n0t H hTefl b- BepxeHbl pa3HbrM BHeurHr4M BnnAHVnM. Ant eror,t nogf pynn br per ilf l4r cTaHoBr4Tcr nepBoHaLlar bHbrM r4cToqHnrou rHSoptr,tal,z.,t o6 ycrpolrcree oKpyxapu.lero MLl- Hbrvil pacxo[aun. Heo6xogr,rMo noKynarb pe6eHKy Be- pa. Bo-oropurx, oro "crapuar" nogrpynna. Kareroprr MorroAbrx nrcper,r (23-30 onflaqhBarr gercrrlt cag. A npr cfiTyaqilil, KorAa riloflogar MaMa, HilrAe Ao ororo He pa6oraouan, asrHyxleHa, yxaxilBar sa pe6euxov, cuflerb AoMa, Ha ner), roropule Haxolrrcr Ha yj craAilrl "Bbrcrpa/BaHilr ce6s'' e npofteccilr/, ceMbe r.l. Arr eror nogrpynnbr perilruff craHoBr/rcr na6opov HpaBcTBeHHbrx ilAealr0B 14 cTepeorfin0B roBeAeHilr. Bepyrcqruu e Sora ce6q cqilrallr oKofio rperil Monolbrx noflel/ (34,3%). l-lprvev cne4yer orMerilrb, Lrro orrla ceMe[crBa floxr4Tcff AonorHilTeflbHaff orBercrBeHHocrb no sapa6arsreaHt,to leHer Ha Bce Bo3pacraoulile Hyxgbr ceust,t. Oqenu qacro nph oroM rilonoAbrM nloAr[/ npilxolr4rcq npoAoJrxaru yve6y, Lrro coKpau]aer cso6ognoe BpeMr Anr orlbrxa no Nn4Hr4MyMa. Cne4yer orMerilrb, qro npil rpare AeHef ronbKo Ha cauoe reo6xoglruoe (nrraHre, opeNga) Moao[ar ceMbr cpegr l/onogexn o6rapyNuaaercr uar6onuuee Ll4cro rex, KTo BepilT He a Eora, Ho B cBepxbecrecrBeHHble cillbr - 12,7%. Et4e 38,3% orHocqrce K fpynne "t

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p. 12

flyt{ile B 6ygyueM L{epe3 3ro cpegsr, Soprrrrpynqet,l fi rocyAapcrBo o6ecneqilr ce6e Heo6xoAl4Moe 6naronotlpo coql4oKyjluryplott hqHocrb. Monogexl, cnyfiauafl B Boopyiltennblx Gmax Pecny6nnnu Senaoyct fo Ha cerogHru:Htl,t Aeuu KaxAoro nHouy npil3blBHoBo3pacra 6ecnoxonr Bonpoc cnyN6ul n BoopyNeH- Hurx Crnax Pecny6nnrn Senapycu (BC PE). B nocneA- Hee BpeMr AJ]ff Moflolblx noAet4 apMilff cTaHoBl4TCF He "urronoi xn3Hl4", a KouMapoM, oTHhMaPUll4M ABa r0- [a xn3Hh. Tar, uonogute noAil, nony'rilBuile Bblcujee ilJlt4 AerbMt4. Btuecre c e TeM BoBfieqeHHocrb MonoAeNil o6ulecraeHHble ilHH- ren vnu BMecre c MonoAexbo il cpeAHe cneqilarbHoe o6pasoeaHne, Ho He yvl4BLxfiecn Ha eoeHHolr KaQeme, BbtHyxAeHbl EBa roAa cnyxrrb e BC PE il He ilcnolb3oBarb cBot4 sHaHilt Ha 6laro o6ulecrBa. EcrecraeHHo, t{ro nocfle AByx ner cnyN6ut MoJroAbre qilarnBbr cocraBnler He 6onee 10%u. Mnoroo6pasue Sopw o6regnueHui MOM, anorilTr,lrrHocrbro, lerei c n nog- pocTKoB coqeTaeTct B MofloAexHot,l cpeae HilTt4nil3- nroAil TeptHlT cB0t0 KBanilQilKaqfilo il Hecnoco6uocrbn np0Tl4B0cr0- He cnoco6Hur rpyloycrpot4Tbct n0 cneqfiallbHocrl4, caMbrM TeM cBogt Ha Her pe3ylbrarbt cBoerl yle6ut. A toHolrfi, He nocrynilBune B BV3ut nlu cpeAHile cneqilarbHure yue6Hute 3aBefieHilt, npil3blBaorct B apMuH] npaKTilqecKr co uxoluHoil cKaMbil. |y', ue nuer Hrnaroro o6pasoeaHilff, nocre cnyN6ut BbtHyxgeHbl n0Aonry ucKarb ce6e pa6ory, 3aL{acryto corralxatcb Ha caMyro H143K00nfi aqhBaeMyn. acoqilafibHbrM tBreHiltM. lercrne il MoJIoAexHble o6ujecraesHste opfaHfi3aqfir u o6regrueHilfl, npil3BaHHbre e ceoer4 AefiTelbHocl4 cnoco6crsosarb peanil3aqhh MonoAexb|o cBoei0 ilHAl4B14AyanbHof0 TBop- rrb qecKoro craflKfi il nnAepcKoro noTeHLlnafla, nocTpotlrb cBolo 143 fll4t1Hblx l,1HTepeC0B, Xtl3Hb, tlOxO!ff OqeHb qaCT0 Banrcr c HecoBepueHcrBoM 3aKoHoAarerbcr- ea lr 6roooxparil3MoM. B srot,t crryaqltil peKoMeHgyercs crpot4rb orHoue- ,{nn usueHeuus no[o6Hott cvryal,1l,z'r cnegyer 6ofiee BHilMaTerbHo noAXoAl4Tb K npu3blBy 14 co3AaBaTb afl brepHarilBHyro cl,lcreMy xo Hrparruot,| Hilr 0praHoB ynpaBfleHrt c MonoAexHbltil14 00ulecTBeHHblMr4 cnyN6ut. He- opfaHil3aynwt4 r o6tegnHetuffMh Ha 6ase 4ey- o6xognuo npeAocraBilrb MonogbtM rlfoltM, clyxaqru e BC P5, eosvoNnocrb noflyqarb npoQeccilfo, KOTOpaR CMOXeT cTop0H H14x r/Jil4 MH0r0cT0p0HHt{x,q0f 0B0p0B, 0npeAerlfi - rorqilx np/opr4Terbr coBMecrHofr Aesrelulocrl4 il pa3- npilroAtlTbcF ru a galuHet,lu.Leu, Monolerunue o6utecrBennble o6teflilHenfir Oco6yro agpecHyro fpynny rocy[apcrBeHHovl M0n0leNHOr,r norrlT14Kr4 cocraBfi HeH14r, maHhqhBaoqilx KoMneTeHq/p lByx cTopoH B oTHolreHr4r4 Apyr Epyfa, BKnloLlaloulilx KaK opraHH3aqfioHHyto, MeroAr4qecKyto, ynpaBneHqecKyto, raK r coAepxarerlbHyro cropoHbr ssanMoAet4crarr. Cnegyer noAqepKHyrb, floT o6qecreeHHute o6reguK0T0pble npe[craBnt]0r 14HTepecbl M0noAexil. Liro B3ailMooTHoueHilr opraHoB rocy,qapcrBeHHoro ynpaBreHilr c M0noAexHbll,ltt o6LqecreeHHblMtl opfaHil3aut frMl/I tA O6reguHelunuil MoryT cTpol4Tbct ToJlbKo Ha naprHepcKrx Havaflax. A6colorHo He AonycKaerct OrKagaeuilcu or N/oHonoJll4t4 Ha AeRTenbHocrs o6LqecrBeHHbrx o6re[rueHui B Haqane 90-x ropoa, rocyAapcrBo reM caMbrM cnoco6creoearo pocry AeMoKpaTilLrecKllx npeo6pasoaaHillt e o6u{ecreeHHot,t Nr3Hn. Oguaro npaKrilKa noKa3ana, qro, FpeKparltB no!!ep- nolKoHTponbHocrb ol4x o6le4nHeHuil, aAMilH14crp14p0- BaHile c0 cr0p0Hbl MecrHblx opraHoB yrpaBrleHl,lfl. 3arnruqenre Taruv o6pasout, cyflapcrBeH Ho 14 M ofl xfiBarb BHoBb co3AaBaeMble il npolorxatou.lile Aetl- Mbr Bt4AflM, Ltro appecHbtx rpynn r0- crBoBarb EercKlle fi MofloAexHbre o6qecraeuHute opraHil3aqilh lr o6reguHeHrt, K cepe!ilHe 90-x roAoe rocylapcrBo yrparilno 0Il4H 143 BaXHblx N/exaHfi3MoB BbrnorHeHfiff cBot4x BocnhrarenbHblx ogexHo il no nvr rt'xtr' e Pecny6l u xe SyHrqrl. B coepeueuHutx ycnoBilffx e Selapycu tlilcno cKr4x r,1 !er- Senapycs MoxHo Bbr.qenilTb MHoxecrBo. EcrecrseHHo, rtro Bbtue npilBeAeHHar ryalaqiln cy6rerroe rocyAapcreeHFtor4 vonoAeNHofr noflHTttKh He ffBflffercfl nollott. OAuaro oHa Aaer noHtrb, t{To MoJlo[exb KaK cnoxHbll4 pocro ny6rrrr,t e1999 rony HacqilrbtBaflocs 39 o6LuecreeuHurx SoputrpoeaHhl, cosfiaFlHblx lr]ff [/onoAexr r Ae- MonoAeNHutx o6ulecrBeHHblx 0praHu3aqr14 803B HecKoltbKo AecerKoB pas. B vacuLra6ax pec- corjrarsuuur cnor,r rpe6yer 6olee AeranuHoro BHfiMa- Hr/r c0 cTopoHbr rocylapcTBa, qepKBt4, ulKorlbl, ceMbil. u Coquonorun uonogeNu: Yqe1uoe noco6ue. /lloA pel. npof. lO.l.Bonxoaa. - Pocroa-u/fl.: @euuxc, 2001r. C . 293. 10

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p. 13

aHaIilTlft4 HaRo noryMarb... N PO E HH0OPMAUNfi OT AHAfiNTHqEeKOrCI UEHTpA KIA''GTPATffi TK{ffi PA3BffiTK,Ifi ffi ftffiffJ3$&Exg-tblx GprA${ ktSAUmm e Onura GAUYH, KO H Cy ilbln e EJTApyGm" AHm no aH a.numwL EC MIOO t' PAIAT I e cKxLM . HenpegocraBneHile 3anp0ueHuor,r rHQopruaqrr; . HaxoxgeHhe opilAr/qecKoro aApeca Ha qacrsoil onlt o c atw , , u KBapTilpe. llpegnaraeu o3HaKoMurbcf, c flaHHbtMl,t nccflef,oBaHnf, Hauero aHarhrlqecKoro qeHrpa Ha reMy "B3anuogeftcrBlte uononexxulx o6qecrBeHHbrx o6refluxennf, c opranaMn rocyAapcrBeHHofi anacr[ n ynpaanenuR". KorilqecrseHHo 6asa nccnegoBaH/q npe4craBaera 191 Sarrov asailMoflencrBl1ff MoflolexHbrx opraHwaqvn c focy[apcrBeHHbtMl/ crpyKrypaMil B nepilo4 c r/apra 2001 rona no gena6pu 2002 rona. Penpeseural4BHar eur6opxa laHHoro ilccre4oBaHilr cocraBnr- MurucrepcrBo locr14ql4u. Orxas MofloflexHbtM o6qecreeHHuu o6reguneHueM B perucrpaqxu, nepeper[cTpaquil, orcpo'{Ka B nepeperucrpauilH. Opranu uecrnoil Bracrr4 u ynpaBneHnfl. Orxas, 3anper Ha npoBeAeHue ueponpnnruil, 0rxa3 na npocu6ur, 3anpocbt opranusaqnra a npegocraBneHHu sAaHufr, noueqenufr Ha rbrorHbrx ycnoBr.rrx, B apeHAy l,r co6creeH. u HocTb, a TaKXe noA peanH3aqHK) ilpoeKToB. Hapyuenre cpoKoB perucrpaqnu o6qecreexHurx er 42 opraHnsaqun. Lis Hrx: 21 oprauneaqnn pecny6nrr

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p. 14

0qeHrBaBM "Gr[arGrnnrr." llpnna SYPH0GEHH(l llpoexr Eenopyccxoro cop3a MofloflexHblx H Aer' cxux o6qecrBeHHbtx o6te4ngegrfr "PA,QA"'Ctpa- rerre pa3Blrrr4e Moflo4exHbtx opraHnsaLlult e Pec' ny6nr,txe Eenapycu", Sunancrpyeuutil nporpauuoi TACIS,6es npeyeenuqeHHc MoxHo Ha3Barb caMblM laacurra6xurM Mepoflpnsr[eM B ncropl4r oreqecr' BeHHoro Mono4exHoro "Tperbero cextopa". B nn' Bape oH orMernn ceoI to6laneil - roA Aefrcreuc. oroil Aare npoeKr npuuen c orpoMHblM 6araxou I pe3ynbraroe. B qacrHocrl4, B ero paMKax yxe npouno HecKonbKo peruoHafiunutx $ecrnea' neI uono4exnurx HFO. Hau: xypnan o6paruncn x K onbrra HeKOTOpbTM qneHaM KOMaHAbI C AByMs BOnpOCaMHI l..1ro f,Bnsercs rnaBHbtM ycnoBueM ycneuHocru noAo6nHX npoeKToB, BbtnonHeHo nu oHo B "Crpateruu..."? 2. Kax 6H eH oueHnnt4 cBoe yqacrwe B EaHHoM npoeme? 1 Enena :l . np6oro npoeKTa i:,i::::i : :,ljZT C,ir ii ll eS f :Ta : l-taeHuilr,l ycfloBileM ycneuHocTl4 AneHcaHlp IYTblllllH, 1. Vcnex np6oro Aera npexAe Bcer-o 3aBilcNT 0T ** qyBcTBa conilAapHocTl/ OTBETCTBCHHOCTil 6ut Haseana aKTilBHocTb 0praHt/Fa1t|n, yqacTByloulilx B Hev. Hauetl saAaqeil 6utno o6rscnnrs H[0, saqeM ilM HyxeH Hau npoeKT, tiro Mbr crpeMfiflt/cb Aenarb Ha Bcex MeponpvtflrtAfrx, npOXOAfllIl,lX a erO r',rur r 14 3A [z1, BbIHe- nonHffeMyn pa6ory. paurax. [4 ycnexal Hau Ao6rnNcu Secrnaalu . c0MHeHH0, 0T0 ycn0Bile co6noAanocu npoeKTe, qTo BUAH0 n0 BCeM TeM MeponpilFTtletM, a HaueM rouy nprrr,t npilMep, Ha HeM no6utaaril npeAcraBilTe nu 72 oprautt'sauut 2. 9ro Kacaercfi tuoelt pa6orut, ro HfiKoMy He noxerao rarott yvacru 6urru roopgilHaropoM KpynH0f0 npoeK- K0T0pbre Mbr np0B0AllM. 3ro uoryr noArBep4hrb t/ Hauh yqacTHt4Kr4. cygr4Tb Het,l 2. Hacrorut

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p. 15

"cTEaTerlR' B [eilGTBl|Il 0nrra GAUYll, HsHGyJEbr&ffir fBE AHA'EHTHqeSHtr&C BSir$6!G6F$: aHafl ilTr4L{ecKfi e hccne[oBaHVr, K0HCyrbTaHT0B, peryJlepHbre BCTpeqr c vLlacTH14KaMh, 1. Pecypcsr, oco6eHHo MarephanbHbre, Ha uoH asrnRg, npeAonpeAe- nenT ycneuHocrb npoeKra. Ecnyr t* *; 3,:.1!{ir 2. Oqeuraaru Hauy paOory cerogHe paHo, BeAb npoeKT eule He 3a- oHil ecTb B AocTaToqHoM Kolil4qecrBe, 3Harrur, 6y4yr Haunrur B f *o .'-l KoHqeH. Ho Ha laHuurr,t brc0K0KBalr ilQ14 qr/ p0 BaH H bre B MoMeHT, AyMao, y MeH9 cneqilarilcTbr Anr yqacTilr nofiYvilng.b AaNe 6Ong[rje, qeM npoeKTe, 3HaqilT, He B03HI4K- r paccqilTbrBafla, Her cyulecrBeHHbtx npo6nevr c opraHrsaqreil veponpnr- KorAa npilurna B 3T0T npo- enr lzl rnaeuolt csoer4 roo- tuu u t.A. B rauev c,rryvae \ e* oro ycnoBile BbrnoflHeHo: rvur \ p*6gi; MoxeM no3Bonr4Tb ce6e 6olu- llocTbro r obr Ha3Bafla HH- Sopruaqroruure 6asur &aHHbrx nO MOnOAeXHbIM il AeTCKtttrl O6- uryCI rusoprrraqrouuyro 6asy, ulecrBeHHbrM o6teAnuesnrv. lram tlAHEBGllAfi , ruErig:tldlijraiti'r, iriCI f ii31;i 3r I ll-i ru II rjr I iI n rt'f I ni I i I I CIlr'ir, |il 1. Bo-nepesrx, s flo6oM npoeKTe AonNsa 6urru BbrnorHilMat qelb, qerKar il KoHKpernag. tlro6ur npvtiltw r eroi qeflH, HyxHa xopouar npoQeccroHaflbHar KoMaHAa - 3T0 BTopoe ycnoBhe ycnexa MeponpilflTr4n. l/ rperue - npaBilnbHbrr,r pacuer pecypcoB. ff c..rilTao, qro B [aHHoM npoeKTe, ol4 yc- IoBt4ff BbtnonHeHbl. Xotl, t

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