Legends and Tales from Our Hometowns

 

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An eBook made as a result of a European eTwinning project 2014/2015

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This eBook is dedicated to our dear students who have made all of this possible! Thank you so much for believing in this project and for all the hard work you have invested into realising it. We are really proud of you! About the eBook This eBook is a result of an eTwinning project involving 14 schools in 10 different countries: the Czech Republic, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia and Spain. The main idea was to share a tale or legend both in English and in our mother languages and to present our hometowns to each other. The legends are a collaborative work indeed because each school has illustrated a legend from another school instead of illustrating their own. This work has been great fun and made our students work with texts written by their peers. We sincerely hope you like our work! 2

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Copyright Authors in the alphabetical order: Sandra Brcko, Magdalena Burkat, Monica Giansantti, Sara Granados, Tanja Khalil, Maja Orsag, Eleni Samoili, Georgia Stamatelopoulou, Ana Paula Urze, Maria Teresa Vadálà and their students Project Manager Ana Paula Urze Editor Sandra Brcko Copyright © 2015 'Legends and Tales from our Hometowns' Project This book may be used for educational purposes only. Online edition is also available for this title. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and authors assume no responsibility for errors or omissions, or for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein. 3

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About the Project The aims of this project were: - promoting cultural awareness between students from different European countries - developing a European sense of community - learning more about our own culture and heritage, and others - developing confidence and interest in communicating with people from different countries and cultures - communicating with others in English - practicing their language skills (both English and their own mother tongue) - developing ICT skills - increasing the pupils' motivation and exploring their creativity The work process: During the project the pupils did all kinds of different activities: created the logo for the project; took pictures of their towns; presented themselves and their towns to the other groups; did research on the legend/tale in their own language and translated it to English; illustrated the legends/tales. Finally, the result of their work was posted on: Twinspace (http://twinspace.etwinning.net/2044/home), the Magazine Factory webpage (http://magazinefactory.edu.fi/magazines/Legends_and_Tales/index.php ?str=40), and this eBook was created. We are happy to say that all of our aims have been achieved. The final result stands before you - enjoy it! 4

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About the Authors The authors are students and teachers from schools in Croatia, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain. The students are between 10 and 15 years old. Table of Contents: Croatia - 'The Black Queen' - Sandra Brcko and Maja Orsag (OŠ Lauder-Hugo Kon, Zagreb) Greece/Kallikrateia - 'Battle of Giants' - Georgia Stamatelopoulou (2ο Δ. Σ. Καλλικράτειας Καλλικράτεια) Greece/Kefalonia - 'Kefalos and Procris' - Eleni Samoili (ΓΥΜΝΑΣΙΟ ΜΕΣΟΒΟΥΝΙΩΝ ΜΕ ΛΥΚΕΙΑΚΕΣ ΤΑΞΕΙΣ) Italy/Modena - 'The Legend of the Saving Fog' - Monica Giansantti (Scuola Secondaria Statale di I Grado "Ferraris-Marconi", Modena) Italy/Rome - 'The Birth of Rome' - Maria Teresa Vadálà (I.C.Olcese, Rome) Poland - 'The Treasurer of Zabrze and St Barbara' - Magdalena Burkat (Gimnazjum nr 9 im.W.Korfantego, Zabrze) Portugal - 'The Bull and the Snake' - Ana Paula Urze (Escola Secundária c/ 3º Ciclo de Diogo de Gouveia, Beja) Slovenia - 'The Giant in the Boot' - Tanja Khalil (Osnovna šola Belokranjskega odreda Semič, Semič) Spain - 'Saint George' - Sara Maria Granados (SIES GALLICUM, Villanueva de Gallego) 5

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The Legend from Croatia Crna kraljica Legenda o Crnoj kraljici zasigurno je jedna od najmračnijih i najpopularnijih hrvatskih legendi. Mnogo je priča ispričano o tajanstvenoj kraljici, a među najpoznatijim je ona koja govori o zloj kraljici, najvjerojatnije Barbari Celjskoj, koja je stolovala na Medvedgradu. Legenda kaže da je Crna kraljica, koju je narod tako nazvao jer je uvijek bila odjevena u crno, bila žena koje se narod s razlogom bojao. Svoje mnogobrojne ljubavnike bacala bi sa zidina staroga grada, a ogromna crna ptičurina, kraljičina ljubimica, na njezinu bi zapovijed bila uvijek spremna iskopati oči ili oderati kožu onome tko se kraljici zamjerio. No, strašnu vladavinu Crne kraljice omeli su Osmanlije koji su htjeli zauzeti njeno prijestolje na Medvedgradu. Očajna kraljica, za koju nitko iz naroda nije bio voljan riskirati svoj život, zazvala je tada samog Sotonu riječima "Pukni vrag, dam ti Medvedgrad!", no to vragu nije bilo dovoljno. Tek kada je uz Medvedgrad vragu ponudila i vlastitu dušu, Osmanlije su otjerani, a Medvedgrad spašen. Prema legendi, neistraženi podzemni hodnici i danas spajaju Medvedgrad s crkvom svetog Marka na zagrebačkom Markovu trgu. Priča se kako u njima još uvijek leži kraljičino blago koje čuvaju njezine vjerne sluge. Tijekom preuređenja Markovog trga oko crkve je pronađeno srednjovjekovno groblje. Je li pronađen i ulaz u podzemne hodnike o kojima govori legenda? Je li kraljičino blago još uvijek ondje? Čuvaju li ga i danas njezine odane sluge? Možda Maldoria doista postoji... 6

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The Legend from Croatia illustrated by Italy (Modena) The Black Queen The Legend of the Black Queen is one of the darkest and most popular Croatian legends. Many stories have been told about the mysterious queen, and one of the most famous ones talks about an evil queen, most probably Barbara Celjska, who ruled Medvedgrad. The legend says that the Black Queen, who people named that way because she was always dressed in black, was a woman feared by the people for a reason. She threw her numerous lovers from the walls of the old town and a huge black bird, the queen’s pet, was always ready to poke somebody’s eyes out at her command, or to tear the skin off of somebody she resented. 7

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However, the rule of the Black Queen was endangered by the Ottomans, who wanted to take her throne in Medvedgrad. Since none of her people wanted to risk their lives to protect her, the desperate queen called Satan itself for help. She said: ‘Fire, devil, and I’ll give you Medvedgrad!’, but for the devil, that wasn’t enough. Only once she offered her soul together with Medvedgrad, were the Ottomans chased away and Medvedgrad saved. 8

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According to the legend, there are still some unexplored underground hallways that connect Medvedgrad to St. Mark’s Church on St. Mark’s Square today. It is believed that the queen’s treasure still lies in them, guarded by her faithful servants. During the renovation of St. Mark’s Square, a medieval cemetery was found around the church. Was the entrance to the underground hallways which the legend mentions also found? Is the queen’s treasure still there? Do her loyal servants protect it even today? Maybe Maldoria really exists… 9

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The Legend from Greece (Kallikrateia) ΓΙΓΑΝΤΟΜΑΧΙΑ Η Χαλκιδική ,η όμορφη χερσόνησος στο βόρειο τμήμα της Ελλάδας .αναφέρεται συχνά στην Ελληνική μυθολογία. Στην αρχαιότητα η περιοχή ήταν γνωστή ως Φλέγρα -η γη της φωτιάς- επειδή πίστευαν ότι εκεί έγινε μία επική μάχη ανάμεσα στους θεούς του Ολύμπου και τους γίγαντες. Σύμφωνα με το μύθο οι Γίγαντες ήταν οι γιοί της Γαίας και του Ουρανού. Γεννήθηκαν από το αίμα που έπεσε πάνω στη γη όταν ευνουχίστηκε ο Ουρανός, Υπήρχαν πάνω από εκατό Γίγαντες. Ήταν εξωπραγματικά όντα,ψηλοί σαν βουνά με υπερφυσικές δυνάμεις. Είχαν μακριά μαλλιά και γένια ,το σώμα τους κατέληγε σε ουρά σαύρας και τα πόδια τους ήταν σχηματισμένα από λέπια δράκου. Παρόλα αυτά δεν ήταν αθάνατοι ! Για να καταφέρει ένας θεός να σκοτώσει ένα γίγαντα έπρεπε να τον βοηθήσει ένας θνητός. Η φημισμένη Γιγαντομαχία άρχισε όταν η μητέρα Γαία έπεισε τους Γίγαντες να επαναστατήσουν εναντίον των Θεών του Ολύμπου και να προσπαθήσουν να πάρουν την εξουσία και στη γη και στον ουρανό. Η μάχη ήταν άγρια! Και οι δώδεκα θεοί πήραν μέρος σε αυτή. Ο Δίας (πατέρας και αρχηγός των θεών) επειδή φοβόταν ότι θα χάσει το θρόνο του ζήτησε τη βοήθεια του Ηρακλή (ενός θνητού.) Η Αφροδίτη (θεά της ομορφιάς) χρησιμοποίησε την εμφάνιση της για να ξεγελάσει τους γίγαντες. Τους παρέσυρε σε μια σπηλιά όπου τους σκότωσε ο Ηρακλής. Η Αθηνά ( θεά της σοφίας) πάλευε με τον Εγκέλαδο ( σεισμός) ,αρχηγό των γιγάντων. Η μάχη ήταν τόσο σκληρή που η Αθηνά άρπαξε ένα τεράστιο βράχο ( το νησί της Σικελίας) και το πέταξε εναντίον του. 10

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Ο Γίγαντας Εγκέλαδος κατέρρευσε και θάφτηκε κάτω από το έδαφος της Κασσάνδρας -μια περιοχή κοντά στην Καλλικράτεια. Πιστεύεται ότι ο Εγκέλαδος δεν σκοτώθηκε τότε αλλά προσπαθεί κάθε τόσο να βγει από τον τάφο του και μετακινώντας τις πέτρες και τους βράχους προκαλεί δονήσεις και σεισμούς!! 11

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The Legend from Greece (Kallikrateia) illustrated by Italy (Rome) Battle of Giants Greek mythology often refers to Halkidiki, the peninsula in the north of Greece. The Ancients knew the region as Phlegra-thePlace of Firebecause it was believed to be the place where an epic battle took place between the Gods of Olympus and the Giants . According to the myth the Giants were the sons of Gaia (Earth) and Uranus (Sky). 12

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They were born from the blood that fell on the ground when Uranus was castrated. There were more than a hundred Giants. They were extraordinary creatures, as tall as mountains with supernatural powers! They had long hair and long beards, their bodies were ending in a lizard's tail and their feet were formed from dragons' scales. 13

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However, they were not immortal. In order to kill a Giant a God should be helped by a mortal, a human. The famous Battle of the Giants started when their mother Gaia persuaded them to revolt against the Gods of Olympus and try to take control of both the Earth and the sky. The battle was fierce. All the twelve Olympian Gods took part. Zeus (father and leader of the Gods) was afraid that he might lose his throne so he asked help from Hercules (a mortal). 14

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Venus (goddess of beauty) used her looks to deceive the Giants into following her into a cave where Hercules killed them. Athena (the goddess of wisdom) was fighting with the leader of the Giants named Egelados (Greek word for earthquake). The fight was so hard that Athena grabbed a huge rock (the island of Sicily) and threw it against Egelados. 15

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