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p. 1

Hcp B¸nfn XoÀ¯ _m¡nh¨ B B¸nfnsâ PohnXhpw, IYbpw

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DÅS¡w teJ\ w kn \ na dnhyp 3 2 6 1 0 28 1 5 1 6 1 4 Hcp B¸nfn XoÀ¯ _m¡nh¨ B B¸nfnsâ PohnXhpw, IYbpw 20 22 24 31 9 2 7 d¬ temem d¬ Rms\mcp ]mhw ISph IhnX: -an\n sI Hcp t{_mbneÀ tImgnbpsS kvt]mbneÀ Nn´IÄ IY-: {]ho¬ tiJÀ " kXotim ..... \½Ä s]s«Sm ....." HmÀ½¡pdn¸v: Ajv-d^v- sh¼ÃqÀ \nXmJm¯v I-hnX: _n\p P\mÀ±\³ -\m«p¡q«¯nsâ XShp-Imc³ HmÀ½¡pdn¸v: A¶qkv Hcp ssI klmbw \ÂImw! ]pkvXI tiJcWw aWapÅ acp¶v sNdpIY: - km£n {]Xojv Noc ImÀjnIw: _nµp kptcjv. sSIvt\mfPn apl½Zv kzmenlv sImgnªnt¡mS³ ImgvN¸pd§Ä IhnX: kp\nX a[p Rm³ IhnX: -inh{]kmZv ]mtemSv

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FUntämdnb C-ajn ]pkvXIw 2 e¡w 2 Pq¬ 2015 FUntämdnb t_mÀ-Uv \nj Zneo]v BÀj A`nemjv Acp¬ Nm¯ws]m¶¯v dnbmkv Sn Aen \mkÀ A¼tg¡Â kwKoXv sI A{kqkv Ccp¼pgn jmPn amXyp teHu«v^kep Ipªm¡ IhÀ \nj {]IrXn þ Htc kabw caWobhpw `bm\IhpamWv-. Gähpw D¯a `mh¯n {]IrXn A½sbt¸msebmWv þ kvt\labn. a¡Ä¡v th­ @ sXÃmw \ÂIn Ahsc ]cnt]mjn¸n¡p¶ A½. F¶m Nnet¸msg¦nepw Cu A½ Hcp kwlmccp{Zbmbn amdmdpap@­ v. `qan Ipep¡w, shÅs¸m¡w, kp\man, sImSp¦mäv XpS§nb {]IrXn Zpc´¯n \mw {]IrXnbpsS tcmjmIpeamb apJw ImWp¶p. \nanj t\cw sIm@­ v temIw Iogvta adnbp¶p. F¶m Xm³ FÃm¯n\pw aosXbmWv F¶l¦cn¡p¶ a\pjy³ CXn \n s¶m¶pw Hcp ]mThpw ]Tn¡p¶nà F¶XmWv kXyw. Zpc´§Ä¡nSbnepw Ah\p I®v X³sd t\«§fn am{Xw. t\]mfn CubnsS D­ @mb `qanIpep¡¯n \ãs¸«Xv At\Imbncw Poh\pIfmWv. {]IrXnbpsS ap¶n a\pjy³ H¶paÃmXmbn¯ocp¶ C¯cw \nanj§Ä \ap¡v Hcp ap¶dnbn¸mWv. {]IrXntbmSnW§n Pohn¡Ww, XmÂImenI t\«§Ä¡v th­ @n {]IrXnsb \mw \in¸n¡pt¼mÄ kz´w \ne\nev] v Xs¶bmWv \mw AhXmf¯nem¡p¶Xv F¶ t_m[w a\pjy\v CÃm¯nSt¯mfw Imew C¯cw Zpc´§Ä¡v ap¶n ]I¨p \n¡mt\ Ignbq.. C\nsb¦nepw Xncn¨dnbpI þ a®pw aebpw Bdpw ISepw ImSpw taSpw FÃmw thWw \½psS \ne\nev]n\v. hnIk\¯n³sd t]cn \mw AhsbÃmw \in¸n¡pt¼mÄ \s½ Xs¶bmWv \in¸n¡p¶Xv. \½psS Ip«nIfpsS PohnXamWv \cIXpeyam¡p¶Xv. AhÀ¡mbn Hcev]w ]¨¸pw \ZnIfpw Ip¶pw taSpw ImSpsaÃmw \ap¡v \o¡n sh¡mw þ \msf Cu `qanbn P\n ¸n¨Xn\p AhÀ \s½ i]n¡mXncn¡s«! klPohnItfmSpÅ kvt\lhpw IcpWbpw \ap¡v Im¯pkq£n¡mw... hmb\bpsS temI¯v hnlcn¡pt¼mÄ e`n¡p¶ C¯cw Adnhn³sd ap¯pIÄ ssI¸nSnbn HXp¡n shbv¡msX temI¯n\p Xnf¡taIs«! hmb\bpsS \à \mfpIÄ \s½ tXSnsb¯s«! BiwkItfmsS, aebmfw t»mtKgvkv {Kq¸v AUvan³kv BLOG www.emashi.blogspot.com GROUP www.facebook.com/groups/ malayalamblogwriters/

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t eJ\w Hcp B¸nfn XoÀ¯ _m¡nh¨ B B¸nfnsâ PohnXhpw, IYbpw HmÌn³ Ì®À bYmÀ°¯n BcmWv Ae³? Gähpw efnXamb D¯cw:- I¼yq«dns\ \½fn¶v ImWp¶ cq]¯nem¡m³ Gähpa[nIw klmbn¨ F©n\obÀ F¶v ]dbmw, IqsS c­ @­ mw temIalmbp²¯n PÀa\nbpsS apt¶äs¯ XSbm\pw, \mknIfpsS ]X\w \mev hÀjt¯mfw t\cs¯bm¡m\pw ImcW¡mc\mb hyànsb¶pw. {]KÛ\mb Hcp imkv{XÚs\, am\ hcmin¡v apgph\pw D]Imcs¸Sp¶ I@­p]nSp¯§fpw \nco£W§ fpw \S¯nb Hcp {]Xn`sb F§ns\ bmWv BZcnt¡­ Xv? AÂ]w IqsS hniZambn ]dªmÂ, c­ @mw temI almbp²¯n³sd kabw Bk¶am bncp¶ kÀÆ\mi¯n \n¶pw bqtdm ¸ns\ c£n¡p¶Xn hensbmcp ]¦v hlns¨mcp hyànsb F§ns\ bmWv At±l¯n³sd amXrcm{ãw BZcnt¡@­ Xv? AÀln¡p¶ {]m[m\y tam, ]cnKW\tbm H¶pw e`n¨n«nsöv am{XaÃ, H¶mw temIcm{ãsa¶v hmgv¯s¸Sps¶mcp cmPy¯nse \oXn-\ymb hyhØbpsS apJw F{Xt¯mfw hnIrXambncps¶¶v Im«n¯cm\mbncp ¶p B a\pjy³sd hn[n. Ae³ SyqdnwKv (Alan Turing) F¶mbncp¶p B {]Xn`bpsS t]cv. temIw C¶phsc I­ @Xn Gähpw anI¨ KWnXÚ\pw, X¯zNn´I\pw, I¼yq«À kb³änÌpw Hs¡bmbncp¶p Ae³. BÀ«n^njy C³dve nP³kn³sd ]nXmhmb Ae³sd PohnX¯nse kw`h§ sfÃmw Hcp kn\nam¡Y t]mse tIÄ¡p¶hscsbÃmw AXni bn¸n¡p¶Xmbncp¶p. Ignª hÀjw The Imitation Game F¶ Nn{Xw Cd§p¶ hsc Syqdn§ns\¡pdn¨ v A[nIamcpw At\zjn¡m³ an\s¡«ncp¶nÃ, Asæn a\¸qÀÆw At±ls¯¡p dn¨ v HmÀ¡m³ Cãs¸«ncp¶nÃ. Andrew Hodges FgpXnb Alan Turing: The Enigma F¶ PohNcn{Xs¯ Bkv] Zam¡n Morten Tyldum kwhn[m\w sNbvX nd¡nb B Nn{Xt¯msSbmWv Ae³sd IY ho @­­p w {i²n¡s¸Sm³ XpS§nbXv. bYmÀ°¯n BcmWv Ae³? Gä hpw efnXamb D¯cw:- I¼yq«dns\ \½fn¶v ImWp¶ cq]¯nem¡m³ Gähpa[nIw klmbn¨ F©n\o bÀ F¶v ]dbmw, IqsS c­ @­­m w temIalmbp²¯n PÀa\n 4

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Alan Turing Ae\v km´z\hpw klmbhpambn \n¶ncp¶ {InÌ^À tamÀ¡w (Christopher Morcom) F¶ B¬Ip«ntbmSmbncp¶p Ae³sd BZy{]Wbw. B {]Wbt¯msS Ae³ aäpÅhcnÂ\n¶pw X\n¡pÅ hyXymkw Xncn¨dnsª¦nepw AsXm¶pw Ahs\mcp {]iv\tabÃmbncp¶p. bpsS apt¶äs¯ XSbm\pw, \mknIfpsS ] X\w \mev hÀjt¯mfw t\cs¯bm¡m \pw ImcW¡mc\mb hyànsb¶pw. 1912 Pq¬ 23\v e­ @\nse ]mSnwKv« Wnembncp¶p Ae³sd P\\w. ]nXmhv Pqenbkv amXnk¬ äqcnwKv {_n«ojv C´ybnse Hcp ICS DtZymKØ\mbn cp¶p, amXmhv GX kmd a{Zmkv sdbnÂthknse No^vF©n\obdpsS aIfpw. Hcp tPyjvT ³ tPm¬. ]nXmhn³sd C´ybnse tPmen ImcWw Ae\pw tPmWpw AI¶ _Ô¯nepÅ Hcp IpSpw_¯n³sd IqsSbmbncp¶p ]et¸mgpw _meyw Nnehn«ncp¶Xv. Bdmas¯ hbÊn kvIqfn tNÀ¶ Ae\nse {]Xn`sb Ah³sd slUva mÌdpw So¨Àamcpw hfsc t\ct¯Xs¶ Is­ @­ ¯ nbncps¶¦nepw Häs¸«v hfÀ¶ _mey¯n³sd ^eambn At¸mtg¡pw Ahs\mcp A´ÀapJ\mbn amdnbncp¶p. KWnXhpw kb³kpambncp¶p Ae³sd {]nbs¸« hnjb§Ä, ]s£ As¶ms¡ kvIq fpIfn `mjbv¡pw, kmlnXy¯n\pw {]m[m \yw \ÂInbpÅ ]T\¯n\mbncp¶p ap³KW\. Aes\ Hcp sS¡v\ n¡Â kvIqfnte¡v ]dn¨p\ Sm³ ]eXhW slUva mÌÀ Ah³sd amXm]n Xm¡Ä¡v FgpXnbncp¶p. ]»n¡v kvIqfpIfn e`n¨ncp¶ {]mYanI hnZym`ymk¯n³sd ta· bpw, Ae³sd kz`mhhpw ImcWw Ah³ Aev ]w apXnÀ¶n«v aXnsb¶mbncp¶p amXm]n Xm¡fpsS Xocpam\w. kvIqfnÂh¨p Xs¶bm bncp¶p Ae³sd BZy {]Wbhpw, aäp kl ]mTnIÄ Ahs\ amän \nÀ¯nbncp¶t¸mÄ km´z\hpw klmbhpambn \n¶ncp¶ {InÌ^À tamÀ¡w (Christopher Morcom) F¶ B¬Ip«ntbmSm bncp¶p Ae³sd BZy{]Wbw. B {]Wbt¯msS Ae³ aäpÅhcnÂ\n¶pw X\n¡pÅ hyXymkw Xncn¨dnsª¦nepw AsXm¶pw Ahs\mcp {]iv\ tabÃmbncp¶p. 1930 tamÀ¡an³sd acWt¯msS B {]Wbw Ahkm\ns¨¦nepw B Øm\t¯¡v Ae³ aämscbpw ]n¶oSv ]cnKWn¨n«nÃ, PohnX¯n³sd Hmtcm ]Snbnepw tamÀ¡an³sd IqsS Nnehgn¨ \nanj§fpsS HmÀaIfmbncp¶p Aes\ apt¶m«v \S¡m³ klmbn¨ncp¶Xv. Andrew Hodges

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1938Â, Ccp]¯mdmw hbÊn {]n³kv«³ bqWnthÀknänbn \n¶pw PhD FSp¯ Ae³ BbnSbv¡mWv GXv hnjaw ]nSn¨ IW¡pI fpw Cuknbmbn sN¿m³ Ignbp¶ SyqdnwKv ajos\¡pdn¨v Nn´n¡m³ XpS§p¶Xv. AtX hÀjw Xs¶ Ae³ GC&CS\p th­ @­n tPmen sN¿m\mcw`n¨p. GC&CS AYhm Government Code and Cypher School, C¶s¯ Government Communications Headquarters clky ktµi§Ä ssIamdm\pw, tImUv `mjbnepÅ ktµi§Ä kzoIcn¨v Uot¡mUv sN¿m\pambn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ {_n«³sd clkymt\zjW GP³kn hn`mKambn cp¶p. sXm«Sp¯ hÀjw, AXmbXv {_n«³ PÀa \ns¡Xnsc bp²w {]Jym]n¨Xn\v tijw hfsc kp{][m\amsbmcp NpaXebmWv Aes\ GC&CS G¸n¨Xv. \mknIÄ tImUpIfneqsS ]ckv ¸cw _Ôs¸Sm³ D]tbmKn¡p¶ F\nÜ ajo\n ³sd clkyw I­ @­­ p]nSn¡Ww. H«pw \nkmcaà B tPmen, Hmtcm Znhkhpw Hmtcm skänwKvkv amdn amdn D]tbmKn¡p¶ B ajo\nse ktµi§Ä hmbns¨Sp¡Wsa¦n B ajo\pw AXn³sd apgph³ skän§vkpw \nÀ_Ôambpw Adn ªncn¡Ww. bp²amsW¦n Hmtcm Znhkhpw apdpIns¡m­ @­ ncn¡pIbmWv, Fs´¦nepw sNdn b hnhcsa¦nepw In«pIbmsW¦n A{Xbpw \ ÃsX¶ \ne]mSnemWv kJyI£nIÄ. Aävem³dn ¡n³sd Bg§fn sN¶mbv¡q«§sft¸mse ]Xnbncp¶v Atacn¡bn \n¶v {_n«\v klmbhpambn hcp¶ I¸epIsf XIÀ¡p¶ PÀa³ ap§n¡¸epIfmb bp-t_m«pIÄ (U-Boats) NnÃd \ ã§fmbncp¶nà AhÀ¡v hcp¯nh¨ncp¶Xv. F\nÜbpsS ktµi§Ä hmbns¨Sp¡m³ Movie Poster t]mf@­v Bomba Kryptologiczna Fs¶mcp ajo\p­ @m¡nbn«ps@­ ¦nepw AXn\v ]e ]cnanXnIfpap­ hnPbw I¿nte¡v FSp¯psImSp¡pIbmbncp¶p. @­ mbncp¶p. t_m¼ hoWnS¯v \n¶v XpS§m Hcn¡epw XIÀ¡s¸SnÃmsb¶v PÀa\nbpw i{Xp \mbncp¶p Ae³sd ]²Xn, ]s£ A[nIrXÀ ¡fpw Dd¨v hnizkn¨ncp¶ t\hÂ- F\nÜ Ae³ AXn\v k½Xn¨nÃ. h¼n¨ Nnehv Xs¶bm XIÀ¯tXmsS Aävem³dn¡n PÀa\n¡p­­ @mbn bncp¶p {][m\ ImcWw, IqSmsX Ime§fmbn \ cp¶ taÂt¡mbvabmWv F¶t¶¡pambn \ãamS¶ncp¶ hgnIfnÂ\n¶v amdn\S¡m\pÅ aSnbpw. bXv. kJyI£nIfpsS \o¡§Ä¡v- IqSpX {_n«ojpImÀ tImUpIÄ XIÀ¡m\mbn a\pjy- thKX ssIhcn¡m\mhpIbpw sNbvXp. sc D]tbmKn¡pt¼mÄ, B tPmen thK¯nepw IrXyXtbmsSbpw sN¿m³ am{XapsÅmcp ajo³, bp²m\´cw National Physical Laboratoryte¡v AXmbncp¶p Ae³sd Bibw! F\nÜbpsS am{X- tNt¡dnb Ae³ AhnsS h¨mWv BZyIme aÃ, GXpXcw ktµi§fpw hmbns¨Sp¡m³ ] Stored-Program I¼yq«dmb ACE (Automatic Comäp¶, F{X Ipg¸w]nSn¨ IW¡pIfpw sRmSnbnsS puting Engine) cq]I¸\ sN¿p¶Xv. 1946 Ae³ sN¿m³]äp¶ H¶v. KWnXimkv{XÚ\mb ACE³sd \nÀamWw XpS§nhs¨¦nepw AXn³sd tKmÀU³ sh¨va³sd (Gordon Welchman) klmb- Unssk³ A]qÀWambncp¶p, sXm«Sp¯ hÀjw t¯msS 1940 amÀ¨v 18\v Bombe F¶ ajo³ Ae³ dnkÀ¨n\mbn tIw{_nUv-Pnse¯nb Ae³ Iw]yq ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. A§ns\ X\nsb F\nÜbpsS «n§ns\¡pdn¨v Hcp t]¸À Hcp¡p¶ Xnc¡nepw skänwKvkv Is­ @¯n B ajo³ IptdsÈbmbn s]«p. Cu kabamWv National Physical Laboratory Ae³ \nÀ¯nh¨v t]msb ACE³sd BZyktµi§Ä tNmÀ¯nsbSp¡m³ Bcw`n¨p. cq]w James H. Wilkinson ]qÀ¯nbm¡p¶Xv. \n Ae³sd tPmen AhnsS Ahkm\n¨ncp¶nÃ, À½n¨Xv hn¡n³k\msW¦nepw AXn³sd s{I{_n«³sd kJyI£nbmb Atacn¡bv¡v Unäv Ae\v Xs¶bmbncp¶p. 1950 tabv 10\v BZy kz´ambn t_m¼m ajo³ D­ @m¡m\pw Ae³ t{]m{Kmw AhXcn¸n¨ ACE BWv {_n«Wnse klmbn¨p, IqSmsX Atacn¡bnÂh¨v A¶s¯ BZyIme Iw]yq«dpIfn H¶v. Ae\v X³sd sSentImw `oa\mb Bell Telephone I¼\nbpsS Unssk³ ]qÀ¯nbm¡m³ km[n¨nsænepw dnkÀ¨pIfnepw Ae³ ]¦mfnbmbn. F\nÜbv¡v Ae³ Xpd¶psImSp¯ ]mX Xs¶bmWv tijw PÀa\n D]tbmKn¨ Geheimschreiber F¶ ]n¶oSt§m«pÅ F©n\obÀamÀ ]n´pSÀ¶v sIm ajo³sd ktµi§fpw Uot¡mUv sN¿p¶Xn hnPbn¨ Ae³ A£cmÀ°¯n kJyI£nIÄ¡v @­ncp¶Xv. 6

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1948 Ae\pw ]gsbmcp kplr¯pw IqsS I¼yq «dn\mbn Hcp sNÊv- t{]m{Kmw FgpXnbncp¶p, F¶m AXv Ifn¡m³ Ignbps¶mcp I¼yq«À AXphsc I@­­­v ]nSn¨ncp¶nÃ. HSphn Im¯ncn¸pIÄ¡v tijw 1952emWv Ferranti Mark 1 F¶ I¼yq«dn B t{]m{Kmw hÀ¡v sN¿n¡m\mbXv. B t{]m{Kman\v th@­­­ £aXbnÃmXncp¶ I¼yq«dn th­@­­{X amä§Ä hcp¯n hfsc t\csaSp¯mWv B Ifn ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbXv. sdt¡mÀUv sN¿s¸« B sKbnan I¼yq«À ] cmPbs¸s«¦nepw, asämcp sKbnan FXncmfnsb tXm ¸n¨v I¼yq«dn\v Pbn¡m\mbXv BÀ«n^njy C³dvenP³kn³sd taJebnse Hcp h³ IpXn¨pNm«ambmWv IW¡m¡s¸Sp¶Xv. A§ns\sbms¡ kw`hn¡psa¶v hnizkn¨ncp¶hÀ Xs¶ A¡me¯v hfsc Ipdhmbn cp¶p. 1952 P\phcn 23\mWv Ae³sd PohnXw BI¸msS amänsbgpXnb B kw`hap@­­­mbXv. A¶v cm{Xn Ae³sd ho«n Btcm AXn{Ian¨v Ibdn, tamjWw Xs¶bmbn cp¶p eIv-jyw. ASp¯nsS Ae\pambn ASp¸¯nemb Hcp 19 hbÊpImc³ ]¿³sd kplr¯mbncp¶p ho«n IbdnbXv. £p`nX\mb Ae\v t]meokns\ hnfnt¡@­­­n h¶p, XpSÀ¶p­ @­­ mb tNmZyw sN¿en B ]¿\pambp Å _Ôhpw Ae³ kzhÀ¤m\pcmKnbmsW¶ clkyhpw ]pd¯mbn. A¶s¯¡me¯v e@­­ \n kzhÀ¤m\p cmKnIÄ¡pÅ in£ hfsc ISp¯Xmbncp¶p. AdÌnemb Ae\v th­ @­­n hmZn¡m\mbn ktlmZc³ tPm¬ Xs¶bmWv tImSXnbnse¯nbXv. hyàambn sXfnbn¡s¸« B tIknepw, kzhÀ¤m\pcmKnItfmSpÅ tImSXnbpsS A\p`mh¯nepw bmsXmcp {]Xo£bp anÃmXncp¶ tPm¬ Aet\mSv Ipäw Gäp]dbm\mWv Bhiys¸«Xv. AÃmsX thsd hgnsbm¶pw AhÀ¡v ap¶nep­ @mbncp¶nÃ, Nnet¸mÄ Ae³sd tkh\§sf ap³\nÀ¯n shdpsX hn«mtemsb¶ {]Xo£ bpw tPmWn\p@mbncp¶p. amÀ¨v 31\v tImSXnbpsS hn[n h¶p, Ae\v H¶pIn ImcmKrlhmkw XncsªSp¯v Iptd¡mew PbnenÂInS¡mw. Asæn ssewKnImkàn Ipdbv¡m\pÅ tlmÀtam¬ NnInÕbv¡v hnt[b\mIWw. sNbvXpsIm@­ ncn¡p¶ X³sd tPmenIÄ XpScm³ Ignbpsa¶ Bizmk¯n Ae³ tlmÀtam¬ NnInÕbmWv A¶v XncsªSp¯Xv, AXn³sd ^ew F´mbncn¡psa¶v t]mepw Nn´n¡msX. B hn[ntbmSv IqSn Ae³ Hcp kzhÀ¤m\pcmKnbmbn bqtdm¸v apgph\pw Adnbs¸«p. ]ecpw kwibt¯msSbpw ]pÑt¯msSbpw am{Xw Aes\ t\m¡m³ XpS§n. AtXmSpIqSn GC&CS\v thïn sNbvXncp¶ tkh\§fn  \n¶pw Aes\ AhÀ Hgnhm¡n, H¸w Øncambn I¬kÄ«v sNbvXncp¶ ]e kÀ¡mÀ GP³knIfpw Aes\ hnfn¡mXmbn. Ae\nse {]Xn`sb \Ãh®w apXseSp¯ncp¶ Atacn¡ At§m«pÅ {]thi\hpw IÀi\ambn \ntj[n¨p. CXns\ms¡¸pdta Hcp hÀjt¯mfw \oïp\n¶ tlmÀtam¬ NnInÕbpsS ^e§fm bncp¶p IqSpX ]cnXm]Icw. DbÀ¶ tXm XnepÅ Cukv{SP³ tlmÀtamWn³sd {]hÀ¯\ ^eambn hfÀ¶ kvX\§fpw, tlmÀtam¬ k½m\n¨ jÞXzhpw Aes\ am\knIambn hfscb[nIw XfÀ¯nbncp¶p. ]pdta \n¶v t\ cnSp¶ AhKW\bpw, am\knI ]ncnapdp¡§fpw, DÅnse tlmÀtamWn³sd {]hÀ¯\§fpw IqsS tNÀ¶t¸mÄ Ae³ A\p`hn¡p¶ hnja§Ä¡v AXncnÃmXmbn. A§ns\ FÃm thZ\IÄ¡pw hnja§Ä¡pw HSp¡an«v sImïv 1954 Pq¬ 7\v kbss\Uv Ip¯nh¨ B¸nÄ Ign¨v Ae³ Cu temIt¯mSv- hnS]dªp. ACE (Automatic Computing Engine)

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t¯mfw Xs¶ hnebpÅ AwKoImcamWv AhÀ \ÂIp¶ SyqdnwKv AhmÀUv-. ]¯v hÀj§Ä¡v tijw 1976 G{]n 1\v Ìohv tPm_vkpw, Ìohv thmkv\nbm¡pw, sdmWmÄUv shbv\pw 'B¸nÄ' F¶ X§fpsS I¼\n XpS§nbt¸mÄ tem tKmbmbn XncsªSp¯Xv Ae³ ISn¨p h¨ B¸nfn³sd _m¡nbmbncp¶p. ]n¶oSv temtKm hc¨ tdm_v Pt\m^v ]dªXv 'Xm³' hc¨Xv BZan³sd B¸nfmbncps¶¶pw, Ae³sd IY tI«nt«bnsöpamsW¦nepw, Ìohv tPm_vkpambn _Ôs¸« hr¯§Ä kqNn¸n¨ncp¶Xv Ae³ Xs¶bmbncp¶p I¼\nbpsS t]cn³sdbpw tem tKmbpsSbpw ]n¶nse¶mWv. hÀj§Ä¡v tijw, 2009 tPm¬ {Klmw Fs¶mcmÄ XpS§nh¨ s]äoj³sd ^eam bmWv A¶s¯ {_n«ojv {][m\a{´n tKmÀU³ s{_u¬ ]ckyambn Aet\mSv sNbvXXv sXäm bnt¸msb¶v k½Xn¨v am¸v ]dªXv. F¶n«pw \nba]cambn B sXäv AwKoIcn¨pÅ _nÃv ]mÀesa³dv ]mkm¡nbnÃ, Ae³sd t]cnepÅ Ipäw A§ns\¯s¶ \ne\n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]ns¶bpw hÀj§Ä Ignªv 2012 AXns\ s¨mÃnbpÅ ]pXnb _n ]cnKW\bvs¡Sp¡pI bpw, Cu {]iv\¯nt·Â Ìo^³ tlm¡n§vkv AS¡apÅhÀ {]XnIcn¡m³ XpS§pIbpw sNbvXtXmsS s]mXpthZnIfn ho­ @pw _n NÀ¨mhnjbambn. F¶n«pw Hcp hÀjw Ignªv 2013 Unkw _À 24\mWv cmÚnbpsS A[nImc¯n Ae \pÅ Royal Pardon H¸ph¨v ]mkm¡nbXv, Ae³ acn¨v 59 hÀj§Ä¡v tijw. James H. Wilkinson ]ntä¶v ho«pImcnbmWv Ae³sd arXtZlw Is@­ Sp¯Xv. kbss\Uv Xs¶bmWv acWImcWsa¶v t]mÌv-tamÀ«¯n sXfnsª¦nepw B¸nfnse hnjmwiw ]cntim[n¡s¸«nÃ. ]co£W§Ä¡nsS kbss\Uv ]pI izkn¨mbncn¡mw Ae³ acn¨sX¶v ]dbp¶hcpap@­ v. F´mbmepw Ae³sdbp Ån \n¶pw Is­ @Sp¯ kbss\Un³sd tXmX \pkcn¨v AXv icoc¯nse¯nbncn¡p¶Xv B¸nfneqsSbmIm\mWv km[yX. C{Xsbms¡bmbn«pw Ae³sd acW¯n A \ptimNn¨v, At±lw cmPy¯n\v th@­n sNbvX tkh\§sf AwKoIcn¡m³ {_n«³ X¿mdmbnÃ. Ae³ ]s¦Sp¯ ]²XnIfn ]eXpw clky anenädn Hm¸tdj\pIfmbncp¶p F¶XmWv AXn³sd {][m\ ImcWambn AhÀ ]dªXv. F¶m kzhÀ¤ cXntbmSpÅ ]ckyamb sh dp¸v Xs¶bmbncp¶p ImcWsa¶mWv \ncq]IcpsS hnebncp¯Â. Npcp¡n¸dªm cmPy¯n\pw, bqtdm¸nse sam¯w P\§Ä¡pw th@­n Ae³ sNbvX tkh\§fpsS ]IpXn t]mepw Bcpw a\ knem¡nbn«nÃ. 1966 apX \yqtbmÀ¡v BØm\ambpÅ Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Ae³sd t] cn AhmÀUv sImSp¡m\mcw`n¨p, Ae³sd t] cn\v In«p¶ BZy AwKoImcw. t\m_ k½m\ 8

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I hnX ImgvN¸pd§Ä A]cnNnXXz¯n³ CS\mgnIfmIp¶ \nsâ t\m«§Ä, Ah X«ns¯dn¸n¡p¶ ]p©ncnIÄ, HmÀ½IfpsS C¶seIfnte¡vam{Xw DZn¡p¶ kqcy³. kz]v\§sf \ntj[n¡s¸«, C¶pIfpsS XShdIfn \n¶pw \niÐapbcp¶ GIm´ hnem]§Ä. Ccp«ns\t¸mepw \nÀPoham¡n F¶n sXfnbp¶ \nsâ \ngÂNn{X§Ä. FsâXmbv ]ehpcp Rm³ ASbmfs¸Sp¯n¡gnª \mev NphcpIÄ¡pÅnse \½psS kzmX{´yw. A§ns\b§ns\ t_m[aÞe§fntebv¡v Xn¡n¯nc¡p¶ Imgv¨IÄ. Hcp ImentUmkvtIm¸neqsSsb¶h®w Ahkm\anÃmsX F¯p¶ ImgvN¸pd§Ä. kp\nX a[p 9

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IY Hcp Hcp tImgnbpsS tImgnbpsS kv kvt t]mbneÀ ]mbneÀ t{_mbneÀ Nn´IÄ {]ho¬ tiJÀ A¡mew hsc Rm³ InS¶ncp¶ IqSpIsf t]msebmbncp¶nà F\n¡v In«nb ]pXnb IqSv. AhscÃmw Hcpan¨v Hcp Iq«n InS¶t¸mÄ Rm³ am{Xw thsdmcp Iq«n X\n¨p InS¶p. HmÀ½IÄ B cm{Xn Fs¶ Dd§m³ hn«nÃ. sXm«¸pds¯ Iq«n \n¶pw Btcm IqInbt¸mgmWv t\cw shfps¯¶v t]mepw Rm³ a\knem¡nbXv. C{Xbpw Imes¯ Fsâ PohnX¯nse Gähpw at\mlcamb {]`mXw `mKw1 kabw sshIo«v A©p aWn Bbn¡mWpw. ^man R§Ä Xmakn ¨ncp¶ Øet¯¡v amt\Pcpw Iq«cpw hs¶¯n t\m¡n. ]cnNbanÃm¯ asämcmfpw IqsSbp@­mbncp¶p. Abm tfmSv hne ]dªpd¸n¡p¶ amt\Psc I­ @t¸mÄ R§Äs¡mcp Imcyw a\knembn. R§Ä ]pc\ndªncn¡p¶p AYhm {]mb]qÀ¯nbm bncn¡p¶p. C\n Pohn¡m³ AhImianÃ. R§Ä hn¡s¸Sm³ t]mIp¶p. Imcyw GItZiw a\knembt¸mÄ Xs¶ ]ecpw D¨¯n Icbm³ XpS§n. ChcpsSsbms¡ Ic¨n tI«m tXm¶pw amt\ PÀ FÃmscbpw sImÃm³ t]mIpIbmsW¶v. GsXmcp _n kn\Êpw sN¿p¶Xnsâ {][m\ Dt±iyw em`w In«pI F¶Xv Xs¶bmWv. Abmfpw AXv `wKnbmbn \nÀÆln¡p¶p F¶v am{Xw. AXnen{X Icbm\pw t] Sn¡m\psa´ncn¡p¶p ? F\n¡v a\knemIp¶nÃmbncp¶p. tImb¼¯qÀ ^man \n¶pw bm{X Xncn¡pt¼mÄ R§Ä¡v BgvNIfpsS {]mbw am{Xw. H¶n\v apIfn H¶mbn temdn bn ASp¡n h¨ncn¡p¶ Hmtcm Ccp¼v IqSpIÄ¡pÅnepw A©ne[nIw t]sc Ip¯n \nd¨n«p@­ v. Igps¯m¶p t\ sc Xncn¡mt\m ]nSn¡mt\m ] äm¯ AhØ. izmkw ap«p¶ t]mse tXm¶n. C{Xbpw Imew H¶pansænepw ^man\pÅn AXns\ÃmapÅ kzmX{´yhpw Ahkchpw D­ @mbncp¶p. AsXÃmw \ãs¸«p F¶v a\knembt¸mfmbncn¡mw Hcp ]t£ FÃmhcpw IqSpX ZpJnXcmbXv. ^man\pÅn \n¶v ]pdt¯¡v F¯nbXv IqSpIfn Ip¯n \n d¨ \nebnembncp¶p. ]ecpw D¨¯n Icsª¦nepw Ft´m F\n¡v Icbm³ tXm¶nbnÃ. PohnX¯n kw`hn¨Xpw 10

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kw`hn¨p sIm­ @ncn¡p¶Xpamb Imcy§sf- AXv \ÃXmbmepw No¯bmbmepw Hcp ]T\¯ns\ t¶mWw \nco£n¡p¶Xv Fsâ ]Xnhmbncp¶p. Asæn Xs¶ Icbp¶sX´n\v? Cu Ipdª Imebfhnse PohnX¯n\nS bn tIhew icoc `mcw sIm@­v R§Ä t]mepw AdnbmsX R§Äs¡mcp hne ssI h¶ncn¡p¶p. B hne sIm@­v asämcmÄ¡v _nkn\kv em`hpw. AXnsâsbÃmw `mK amIm³ km[n¨tÃm Ft¶mÀ¯v kt´mjn¡pIbtà th­ @Xv. aäpÅhcpsS Iq«¡c¨n epIÄ¡nSbn Rm³ C{]Imcw thdn« \nco£W§fn apgpInbaÀ¶p sIm@­ncn¡pIbm bncp¶p. Ccp¼v IqSpIÄ¡nSbneqsS ]pdt¯¡v t\m¡nbt¸mÄ NXpc cq]¯nemWv F\n¡v Cu temIs¯ ImWm³ km[n¨Xv . ]@­ v Cu temIw A§ns\bm bncp¶nÃtÃm F¶v Rm³ HmÀ¯p. At¸mÄ kXy¯n F\n¡v asämcp kwKXnbmWv a\knembXv. \½Ä k©cn¡pt¼mÄ Cu temIw amdp¶p. temI¯n\p ]e cq]hpw dbpt¼mÄ asäm¶v IqSn ]d bm\p@­ v. R§sf kw_Ôn¨v Cu ssZhw Fs¶ms¡ ] dbp¶Xv Hcp henb kw`hsam¶paà tIt«m. a\pjysâ B{Kl§fpw Xocpam\§fpw \ S¸nem¡n sImSp¡p¶ Hcp CS \ne¡mc³ am{Xatà Cu ssZhw F¶v CS¡v R§fn ]ecpw Nn´n¡pIbpw NÀ¨n¡pI \mjW sslthbnte¡v h@­n bpsams¡ sNbvXXmWv. R§ fpsS P\pÊnsâ Imcy¯n AXv F¯nbt¸mtg¡pw FÃmhcpw Gsd¡psd icnbpamWv. amwk Ahicmbncp¶p. A{X¡p @­mbncp¶p h@­nbpsS Ipep¡w. ]nÞ¯n\v Xm¡menIambn Poh³ sh¸n¡p¶ a\pjysâ CXn\nSbn Fsâ IqsS D GÀ¸mSnsâ CcIfmWv R§Ä. @­ mbncp¶hÀ¡v Ieiemb Zmasämcp Xc¯n ]dªm lhpw A\p`hs¸Sm³ XpS§n. @n am{Xw BtcmSv tNmZn¡m³ ? Asæn amwkw \ÂIm³ th­ P\n¡p¶hÀ. Cu temI¯v Xs¶ Cu `qanbn A[nI Pohn¡m³ R§Ä¡v AhImImew Pohn¡m³ Xc¯nepÅ BtcmKy ØnXnbneÃmbncp¶p ianà F¶v Dd¨v hnizkn¡m³ C¸dª ImcW§sfÃmw [mcmR§fpsS Hmtcmcp¯cpsS fw. bpw P\\hpw hfÀ¨bpsaÃmw. R§Ä k©cn¨ncp¶ hm^manse ImemhØbpw l\¯nsâ sXm«p ]pdIn ]pds¯ ImemhØ h¶p sIm@­ncn¡p¶ hml\§ bpw X½n Hcp]mSv hyXymfpsS shfn¨w I®nte¡v Cc¨p kap@­ v . C{Xbpw t]msc Ibdp¶p@­mbncp¶p. ]ecnepw R§sf t]mepÅ A¸m B AkzØX iÐambn bpÊpIfpsS Imcy¯n s]m§n¯pS§nbXv sImt­ @m ssZh¯ns\mcp Xocpam\ Ft´m saSp¡m³? A§s\ ] ]e \ndhpw ]e ImemhØbpw D­ @mIp¶Xv \½Ä HcnS¯v \n ¶v HcnSt¯¡v k©cn¡pt¼mfmWv. temdn ]Xnsb \o§n¯pS§pIbpw Fsâ NXpc ImgvNIfn \n¶v ^mw adªp t]mIpIbpw sNbvXt¸mÄ Rm³ Nn´n¨Xv icn Xs¶ F¶v Dd¸mbn.

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]pdt¯¡v hen¨p. Xe Ip¯s\ {Xmkn sI«n Xq¡nbn«p. Ahkm\ambn IpSn¡m³ shÅhpw X¶p. AbmfpsS apJhpw Fs¶ hm§m³ h¶bm fpsS apJhpw Rm³ Xe Ip¯s\bpw NcnªpsaÃmw t\m¡n I@­ p. A¶pw Rm³ Icbm³ \n¶nÃ. ]t£ HcÛpXw kw`hn¨p. AbmÄ Fs¶ ho­ @pw Iq«nte¡v Xs¶ XncnsI ]nSn¨n«p. tijw Iq«¯nse asämcp XSnbs\ ]nSn¨p sIm@­ v Fs¶ sNbvX t]msesbÃmw sNbvXp. Ah³ shdpsXsb¦nepw {]Xo£n¨p ImWpw Ahs\bpw Fs¶ t]mse XncnsI Iq«nte¡v Xs¶ ]nSn¨nSpsa¶v. ]t£, AXp ­ mbnÃ. Ahsâ Igp¯pw Abm @ fpsS I¿nse Bbp[ hpw {ZpXKXnbn X½neSp¯p. 'SIv' Fs¶mcp iÐt¯msS B {]Wbw Ahkm\n¨p. Gsd kab¯n\v tijw Hcp Ahs\ AbmÄ hensbmcp henb G¼¡ iÐt¯m _¡äntes¡Sp¯n«p. CcpfSª sSbmWv ss{UhÀ Xncn¨p h¶Xv. IpgnbpÅ B _¡än \n¶pw ss{UhdpsS `mcybm Ahsâ ]nS¨n iÐw sXÃp bncp¶ncn¡mw hoSn\p ]pd¯p t\cw F\n¡v tIÄt¡@­Xmbn \n¶v AbmÄ¡v t\sc ssI h¶p. Poh³ t]mb tijw Xqhepcnª Ahsâ icocs¯ hoin sIms@­t´m ]dªp. AbmÄ Xncn¨pw. R§Ä ho­ JÞn¨p sIm@­ncnt¡ AbmÄ AXnsemcp Xmfw krãn¨p @pw bm{X XpSÀ¶p. At¸m tg¡pw FÃmhcpw temdnbnse sIm@­ ncn¡pIbmbncp¶p . SIv ]pXnb Bhmk hyhØbpambn SIv ..SIv .SIv .. XmZmßyw {]m]n¨ncp¶p. FÃmhcpsSbpw I®pIÄ £oWw sIm@­ v ]mXn ab¡¯nte¡v hoWp t]mbn. kwibn¡@­, tImgnbpd¡w F¶ t]cn ]t@­ {]ikvXnbmÀÖn¨ B ab¡w Xs¶bmWv R§fpw A¶v \ S¸nem¡nbXv. Dd¡ tijw I®v Xpd¶t¸mÄ R§fpsS IqSpIÄ¡v Hc¸w IqSn hnkvXmcw ssI h¶ncn¶p. IqSpIfpsSbpw IqsSbp­ @m bncp¶hcpsSbpw F®hpw IpdªXmbn a\Ênembn. At¸mgm- `mKw 2 Wv- ]cnkcw Rm³ {i²n¡p¶Xv. temdn¡v ]Icw a\pjy·mcpsS BgvNIfpsS hfÀ¨m Xnc¡pÅ Hcp henb N´bm ImeL«¯n H¶n¨p Ifn¨p bncp¶p AXv. FÃmhcpw R§ hfÀ¶hÀ Bbnc¯ne[nIw fnte¡v I®v \«p \n¡pIbm hcpw. Xq¡¯n am{Xam bncp¶p. B kabw Fsâ bncp¶p R§Ä hn`n¶À. Imen HcmÄ Aäw hfª hSn hcm\ncn¡p¶ hn[nbpsS Imh¨v ]nSn¨p. Iq«n \n¶v cy¯n R§Ä FÃmhcpw ss{UhÀ h@n Hcp AcnInte¡v tNÀ¶v \nÀ¯n. kabw cm{Xn Gsd t\cw ]n¶n«ncn¡p¶p. h @­ nbpsS ]pdIp hi¯v h¶p \n¶ ss{UhÀ Fsâ IqSn\p apIfn ssI sIms@­t´m ] cXnsIm@­ v asämcp IqSv hen¨p Xmsgbn«p. AXn \n¶v Hcp¯s\ ]pdt¯¡v hen¨n«p. Ah\msfmcp Kp@­v aWnbm bncp¶p. R§fpsS Iq«¯n Gähpw IqSpX `£Ww I gn¡p¶h³. Ahs\ Xe Ip¯s\ ]nSn¨p sIm­ @v hen¨n« IqSv AbmÄ XncnsI h¨p. Xe Xq¡n ]nSn¨t¸mÄ Ah³ sIm¡n Icbm³ XpS§n. ]ns¶´p­ @msb¶dnbnà Aht\ bpw sIm@­v AbmÄ tdmUcnInse Hcp ho«nte¡v Ibdnt¸mbn. Ahsâ iÐw ]ns¶ R§Äs¡mcp HmÀ½ am{XamIpIbmbncp¶p. kam\À. F¯ns¸Sp¶ CS§Ä hyXykvXamImsa¦nepw R§sf Im¯ncn¡p¶hÀ B{Kln¡p¶ cpNn hnImcw H¶v Xs¶. Xq¡w IqSnbhÀ acW¯nte¡v s] s«¶v ]mªSp¯p. IqsSbp ­ mbncp¶ ]ecpsSbpw Im @ epIfn Aäw hfª hSn acW¯nsâ ]nSn apdp¡nbt¸mÄ Fsâ ImepIÄ am{Xw AXn \n¶v kzX{´ambn \S¶p. Hmtcm Znhkhpw Afhn Ipdhmbn am{Xta Rm³ Fs´¦nepw `£n¨ncp¶pÅq. AXn\m Xs¶ Fsâ Xq¡w Ipdhmbn Xs¶ XpSÀ¶p. F¶ncp¶mepw F\n¡dnbmw Aäw hfª hSn Hcp \mÄ Fsâ Imenepw h¶p hogpsa¶v. AXv hsc Cu Ifn XpScmw F¶v Rm\pw IcpXn. A§n\ncns¡bmWv Fsâ Poh\v ]pXnsbmcp AhImin F¯p¶Xv. Abª _\nb \pw s{Sukdpw C«p \n¡p¶ Hcp sIm¨p ]¿³ . _meyw hn«p amdm¯ Ah³ Gsd sIuXpIt¯msSbmWv R§sf Hmtcmcp¯scbpw t\m¡n I­ @ Xv. \ncmitbmsS I¿nepÅ ss] k F®n Xn«s¸Sp¯n sIm@­v Ah³ IS¡mc\v t\sc \o«n. AbmÄ AXpw hm§n taihen¸n C« tijw R§ fpsS Iq«¯nse ]escbpw Xe Ip¯s\ sI«n¯q¡n sIm@­v Xq¡w Af¶p. Ah³ sImSp¯ ss]k sIm@­v AhcpsS Xq¡¯n H¶ns\ \ÂIm³ AbmÄ k½Xn¨nÃ. Ahsâ ss]k Xncn¨p sImSp¡m\mbn tai ho­ @pw Xpd¡p¶ kab¯mWv Ah³ AbmÄ¡v Fs¶ Nq­ @n ImWn¨p sImSp¡p¶Xv. Hcp Ahkm\ {iasa¶ \nebn AbmÄ Fsâ Imen Aäw hfª hSn sIm@­v ]nSn¨p hen¨p. acWs¯ Rm³ ho­ @pw apJmapJw ImWpIbm bncp¶p. C¯hW Iq«nte¡v Hcp Xncn¨p t]m¡p@­mInà F¶v Gsd¡psd Dd¸mbncp¶p. Xe Ip¯s\ Xpemkn InS¶p Xq§nbt¸mÄ Ahsâ apJw sXfnbp¶Xv Rm³ I­ @p. Ah³ sImSp¯ ss]k¡pw Fsâ Xq¡¯n\pw Htc Hcp 12

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hne. Fsâ Pohsâ hne. Rm³ I®S¨v ]nSn¨p. sNhnbn F\n¡v ap³t] t]mbhcpsS ]nS¨n iÐ§Ä apg§n. Rm\n¶p hsc I@n«nÃm¯ CcpfSª B henb _¡änsâ Bgw Rm³ Dulns¨Sp¯p. Fsâ lrZban Sn¸v IqSn. AbmfpsS I¿nse I¯nbnse DW§nb tNmc aWw Fsâ aq¡n\pÅnse¡v Cc¨p Ibdn. tNmc \\hpÅ ac¡jvW¯nsâ apIfn Fsâ Igp¯v AaÀ¯n InS¯nbt¸m gpw Rm³ I®v Xpd¶nÃ. s] s«¶mWv Ahs\t´m ]dªXv. AbmÄ Fs¶ sIm¶nÃ. ]Icw Ahsâ I¿nse k©nbnte¡v Fs¶ Poht\msS FSp¯n«p sImSp¯p . Ah³ Fs¶bpw sIm@­ v Ft§mt«m HmSn. k©n¡pÅnencp¶p sIm@­v Ahsâ Hm«¯nsâ thKw F\n¡v a\knem¡mambncp¶p. A§n§mbn Iodnb k©nbpsS Zzmc§fneqsS Fsâ apJt¯¡v \\p¯ Imäv hoim³ XpS§n. B Hm«w sN¶v \n¶Xv sNdn sbmcp Iqcbnembncp¶p. Ahsâ A½ B kabw ]pdt¯¡p h¶p sIm@­v Aht\msSt´m tNmZn¨p. Ah³ ]dª adp]Sn tI« tijw A½ aq¡¯v hnc h¨v sIm@­v klXm ]w tcJs¸Sp¯n. AXn\p tijw ASp¡fbnse ]pI ad bnte¡v Xncn¨p \S¶p. Ah³ Fs¶bpw sIm@­v hoSnsâ ]pdIp hit¯¡pw. AhnsS Fsâ cq]¯nepÅ F¶m Fs¶¡mfpw BtcmKyhpw skuµcyhpapÅhÀ kt´m- jt¯msS Xmakn¡p¶ Hcp sNdnb IqSp­ @mbncp¶p. Fs¶ I­ @t¸mÄ AhÀ 'BcmSm \o ? FhnSp¶m Cs¸m" Fs¶ms¡ XpS§n Ipsd tNmZy§Ä Htc kabw tNmZn¨p. BsI Ie]nem iÐ abw. Rm³ adp]Snbmbn sNdpXmsbm¶p sIm¡n iÐw D@­ m¡n. A{Xbtà F\n¡v ] dbm\pÅq Xm\pw. AtXmsS AhÀ¡v a\knembn Rm³ Hcp hcp¯³ BsW¶v. A¡mew hsc Rm³ InS¶ncp¶ IqSpIsf t]msebmbncp¶nà F\n¡v In«nb ]pXnb IqSv. AhscÃmw Hcpan¨v Hcp Iq«n InS¶t¸mÄ Rm³ am{Xw thsdmcp Iq«n X\n¨p InS¶p. HmÀ½IÄ B cm{Xn Fs¶ Dd§m³ hn«nÃ. sXm«¸pds¯ Iq«n \n¶pw Btcm IqInbt¸mgmWv t\cw shfps¯¶v t]mepw Rm³ a\ knem¡nbXv. C{Xbpw Imes¯ Fsâ PohnX¯nse Gähpw at\mlcamb {]`mXw B Znhk¯nembncp¶p Rm³ I@ Xv. IqSv Xpd¶m Xpemkn Xe Ip¯s\ InS¶v acWs¯ ImWm³ hn[n¡s¸«hcpsS Iq«¯nse HcmÄ¡v PohnX¯nemZyambn IqSv Xpd¶t¸mÄ kzmX{´yw In«nbncn¡p¶p. t] Sn¨pw aSn¨pw \S¶p sIm@­v Rm³ ]cn]qÀ® kzmX{´yw Dd¸v hcp¯n. Fs¶ hcp¯ \mbn I­ @ncp¶hÀ At¸m tg¡pw Fs¶bpw AhcpsS Iq«¯n tNÀ¯ncp¶p. AhÀ Fs¶bpw sIm@­ v hoSn\p ] cnkc¯pÅ Nfn¡pgnbnte¡v \S¶p \o§n. ]ns¶ a®n \n¶v Fs´ms¡tbm Nn¡n Nn\¡nsbSp¯v F\n¡v X¶p. Poh\pÅ Hcp Pohnbmbn Rm³ ]cnWmas¸SpIbm bncp¶p AhnSp¶t§m«v. ]qÀ®ambpw Ahsc t]mse bmIm³ km[n¡nsænepw Rm\pw Ct¸mÄ Ahcnsemcmfmbn amdnbtÃm F¶ tXm¶Â F´ns\¶nÃmsX F\n¡v iàn ]IÀ¶p Xcp¶p­ @mbncp¶p. £WnI PohnXsa¦nepw {] Xo£IÄ \½sf \mtf¡v Pohn¡m³ t{]cn¸n¡patÃm. F\n¡pw A§ns\ Xs¶. \msf F¶Xv Fs¶ kw_ Ôn¨v Hcp Dd¸pw ]dbm\nÃm¯ H¶msW¦n IqSn Ct¸mÄ F\n¡pw B{Klw tXm¶p¶p- H¶v Pohn¡m³. Iodnb k©n¡pÅn InS¶ kab¯v Fsâ apJt¯¡v hoinb AtX \\p¯ Imäv F\n¡v Npäpw hoip¶p@­vF\ns¡Ãm ]n´pWbpw X¶p sIm@­ v. Fsâ ImepIÄ B kabw Rm³ AdnbmsX a®n Nn¡n Nn\¡pIbmbncp¶p. \nanj§Ä¡Iw F\n¡v `£n¡m\mbn Hcp Ccsb AXv Is­ @¯n X¶p. Rm³ kzbw ad¶v ]dªp t]mIp¶p - Rm³ Pohn¡pIbmWv ...F\n¡n \nbpw Pohn¡Ww. Cu \nanjw apX Pohn¡m³ B{Kln¡p¶ Hcp AXym{Kln IqSnbmbn Rm³ amdnbncn¡p¶p. PohnX¯n\v C{Xtbsd elcn Ds­ @¶v Ct¸mÄ a\knem¡p¶p.

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p. 14

hmb\imeIÄ Hcp Ime¯v aebmf¡c ] pkvXI tiJcWw Hcp ssI klmbw \ÂImw! bpsS Ahn`mPyLSIambncp¶p. F{X sNdnb ØeamsW¦nepw AhnsS Hcp hmb\ime D­ @m bncn¡pw. F{X sNdnb s]«n¡SbmsW¦nepw AXn Hcp ]{Xsa¦nepw Xq§n¡nS¡p¶p @­ mhpw. A§s\ ]{Xw hmbn¨pw ]pkvXIw hm bn¨pw hfÀ¶ Hcp Xeapd ChnsSbp­ @mbncp¶p. Imew ]ptcmKan¨t¸mÄ hmb\bpw hmb\imeIfpw ]ebnS¯p\n¶pw A{]Xy£ambn. Sn hnbpw I ¼yq«dpw C¶v PohnX¯n³sd Ahn`mPyLSIam bncn¡p¶p. ]pkvXI§fpw hmb\imeIfpw hnZymeb§fnepw Iemeb§fnepw HXp§nt¸mhpIbmtWm F¶v kwibn¨ncp¶ \mfpIfp@­v. F¶m CubSp¯v t^kv_p¡n I­ @ c@­p t]mÌpIÄ hmb\bpw hmb\imeIfpw apgph \mbpw CÃmXmbn«nà F¶pw H¶v {ian¨m Ahsb iàns¸Sp¯mw F¶pw tXm¶n¡pIbp@­ mbn . tabv H¶n\v hnUvVnam³ (at\mPv- hn. Un) t^kv_p¡n C« "\n§Ä hmb\ hfcWsa¶v B{KlapÅh cmtWm?" F¶ t]mÌpw (https://www.facebook.com/viddiman/posts/10204166822201169) \nc£c³ (a t\mPv- cho{µ³) X³sd t»mKn (http://niraksharan.in) "]pkvXI§Ä C\nbpw Bhiyap@­v" F¶ Xes¡«n FgpXnb teJ\hpw Nne kam\XIÄ DÅhbmWv F¶v tXm¶n. c@­ nepw Bhiyw H¶v Xs¶ - ]pkvXI§Ä H¶v tIcf¯nse Hcp BZnhmkn Ducnte¡v, kv¡qÄ Dt]£n¨ Ip«nIÄ¡pw apXnÀ¶hÀ¡pw th@­ n 'tKm{XXew' F¶ kwLS\bpsS t\Xr Xz¯n ]pkvXI§Ä tiJcn¡p¶Xns\ Ipdn¨pw, asäm¶v \m«nse {KmaoW hmb\imebnte¡v ]pkvXI§Ä tiJcn¡p¶Xns\¡pdn¨pamWv. c­ @pw \à kwcw`ambn tXm¶p¶Xn\m C-ajn hmb\¡mcpsS {i²bpw Cu kwcw`§fnte¡v £Wn¡pIbmWv. \n§fn BÀs¡¦nepw Cu ]²XnIfpambn klIcn¡m³ Xmev]cyaps­ @¦n apIfnse en¦n hniZ hnhc§Ä D@­ v. IqSmsX Xmsg sImSp¯ncn¡p¶ hnemk¯n ]pkvXI§Ä Ab¨p sImSp¡mhp¶XpamWv. {KmaoW hmb\imebnte¡pÅ ]pkvXI§Ä Abt¡­hnemkw: FSXncnªn {KmaoWhmb\ime, FSXncnªn ]n H, Ccn§me¡pS hgn, XrÈqÀ Pnà 680 122 tKm{XXme¯nte¡pÅ ]pkvXIw Abt¡­ @ hnemkw: at\mPv cho{µ³, KoXmÚen, hfhn tdmUv, FdWmIpfw t\mÀ¯v, tIcfw – 682018 Cu kZpZya¯n \ap¡pw ]¦mfnIfmImw. hm bn¨p hfcp¶ Hcp Xeapdsb ]Sp¯pbÀ¯mw... FÃmhcpw klIcn¡patÃm! 14

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p. 15

IhnX \nXmJm¯v _n\p P\mÀ±\³ Nn´IfqÀ²zizmkw hen¡p¶ cm{XnIfn acW¯nsâ \ngepIÄ Pohs\ tXSnbnd§p¶p "It® aS§pI-,ISw sIm@­ I®ocpambv t\m¡pIÄ F¯m¯,{]hmk¯n \n¶v, It® aS§pI...' PohnX ]Àh§fn Aeªv HSp¡w F¯nt¨cp¶Xv \n¶nte¡v Xs¶bmWv... kz]v\hpw PohnXhpw kam´c tcJbmIpt¼mÄhm¡pIÄ DuÀ¶p hogp¶ IhnXm ]pkvXI¯n I®p\oÀ ASÀ¶v hoWp ]Scp¶ ajn, Idp¸v.. DjvWw amäms\mcpsNdp Imäv, kpKÔw ]c¯ms\mcpsNdp ]qhv, Fsâ kz]v\§fpsS Imgv¨Ifnt¸mÄ I®nsâ Zqct¯mfw sNdpXmWv... 15

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