Charithram Oru Kannadi

 

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by PA Sayed Mohammed

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p. 1

Ncn{Xw H-cp I-®mSn ]n.F.sk-bv-Xp-ap-l½-Zv

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p. 2

N-cn{Xw H-cp I-®mSn

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(Malayalam) Charithram Oru Kannadi Essays By P.A. SAYED MOHAMMED First Published January 1975 Copyright P.A. Sayed Mohammed Publisher: Sahitya Pravarthaka Co-operative Scoity Ltd., Kottayam, Kerala State, India

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p. 4

N-cn{Xw H-cp I-®mSn (te-J-\§Ä) ]n.F.sk-bv-Xp-ap-l½Zv km-ln-Xy-{]-hÀ-¯-I k-l-I-c-W-kwLw {]-km-[-I-·mÀ

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p. 5

]n.F. sk-bv-Xp-ap-l-½-Zn-sâ Ir-XnIÄ N-cn-{X-tIcfw B-Zn-hm-kn-IÄ N-cn{Xw H-cp I-®mSn tI-c-f-apÉnw N-cn{Xw tI-c-f-N-cn-{X-Nn-´IÄ tI-c-f-N-cn-{X-ho£Ww Ip-«n-I-fp-sS tI-c-f-N-cn{Xw k-©m-cn-IÄ I-­-tIcfw tIc-fw \q-äm-­p-IÄ-¡p-ap¼v tI-c-f-¯n-se hn-tZ-i-a-X§Ä N-cn-{X-¯n-se in-em-Ip-kp-a§Ä ap-KÄ-km-{a-Py-¯n-se H-cp bm-{X

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p. 6

`q-an-im-kv-{X-L-S-\bpw N-cn-{Xhpw ................................................................................................................... 6 N-cn{Xw H-cp I-®m-Sn ..................................................................................................................................... 11 B-Nm-chpw B-lm-c-hpw ............................................................................................................................... 16 tI-c-f-kw-kv-¡m-cw A-d-_n-bn ................................................................................................................... 21 _u-²-k-©m-c-I-Y-IÄ ................................................................................................................................. 28 A-án-k-©m-cw ............................................................................................................................................. 32 A-d-_n-`m-jm-km-ln-Xyw ................................................................................................................................ 36 \-½p-sS \m-K-kw-kv-Im-cw .............................................................................................................................. 40 km-c-k-kw-kv-Im-cw....................................................................................................................................... 44 Kncn-P-\-kw-kv¡mcw..................................................................................................................................... 48 hntZ-i-ap-{Z-IÄ tIc-f-N-cn-{X-¯nÂ............................................................................................................... 55 \½psS KZy-¯nse hntZ-i-kzm-[o\w ........................................................................................................... 60 {]mNo-\-k-©m-c-amÀ¤-§Ä ........................................................................................................................... 67 sIm¨n I­-h\v A¨n th­ ...................................................................................................................... 71 i_-cn-bn Hcp Znhkw............................................................................................................................... 75 {]mNo\ ]©m-b-¯p-]-cn-j-¯pv ................................................................................................................... 81 Ad-_n-a-e-bm-f-km-lnXyw ............................................................................................................................. 86 kwL-Im-es¯ Ih-bn-{Xn-IÄ ..................................................................................................................... 91 tIc-f-¯nse ]pcmtcJm-ti-Jcw ................................................................................................................. 95 Im¡m-e-kw-kv¡mcw ................................................................................................................................... 99 ]mW-]p-cmWw ............................................................................................................................................ 103 sIm¦-Wo-]p-cm-Ww ..................................................................................................................................... 107 sIm¦-oIY ................................................................................................................................................. 110 ^enXw \qd-dm-­p-I-fn-eqsS ....................................................................................................................... 113 ImÀ«q¬Ie .............................................................................................................................................. 117 C_v\p JÂZq³......................................................................................................................................... 121 {i²mÀl-\mb Hcp henb a\p-jy³ ......................................................................................................... 128 AÂ_n-dqWn ............................................................................................................................................. 133 sP¦n-kvJm³ ............................................................................................................................................. 145 Ah-km-\s¯ ]mZp-j-bp-sS-IqsS .............................................................................................................. 151 D-ÅS¡w

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p. 7

`q-an-im-kv-{X-L-S-\bpw N-cn-{Xhpw `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯nâ A-XnÀ-¯n-am-d-dm-§Ä X-s¶-bm-Wv a-\p-jy-k-aq-l¯n-sâ A-XnÀ-¯n-sbbpw am-d-dn-Xn-«-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xv. a-\p-jy-hÀ-¤-¯n-sâ AIÂ-¨-bn-epw, km-an-]y-¯nepw kp-{]-[m-\-am-b-kzm-[o-\w sN-ep-¯p-¶ H-cp im-kv-{X-im-J-bm-Wv `q-an-im-kv-{Xw. h-f-cp-¶ a-\p-jy-]-cn-hÀ-¯-\]p-tcmK-Xn Xn-«-s¸-Sp-¯p¶-Xv `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ ]-Ým-¯-e-¯n-em-Wv. hn-hn-[-ta-J-eI-fn Po-hn-¡p-¶ a-\p-jy-cp-sS i-co-c-{]-Ir-Xn-bnepw kz-`m-h-¯nepw sshhn²yw Im-Wp-¶p-s­-¦n `q-an-im-kv-{X-]-cam-b am-d-d-§-fm-Wv A-Xn-\p \nZm\w. b-°mÀ-¯n N-cn-{X-kw-kv-¡m-c-¯n-sâ hn-f-`q-an `q-an-im-kv-{X-amWv. `q-an-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨bpw A-Xn-\p t{]-c-W \Â-Ip-¶ Im-em-h-Øbpw Xn-«-s¸Sp-¯m³ {]m-K-Û-a-Xn-Ifm-b A-t\z-jI - À B-Zy-Ime-¯p sN-bv-X b-Xv-\w C¶p tem-I-P-\-X-bv-¡v A-\p-{K-l-am-bn-¯oÀ-¶n-«p­v. `q-an-im-kv-{X-]T-\-¯n\v B-Zy-am-bn X-¿m-sd-Sp-¯ {Ko-¡p-Imcpw A-d-_nbpw Cu im-kv-{X-im-J-bpsS {]m-[m-\y-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v {Kv-Y-§Ä F-gp-Xn-bn-«p­v. k-aq-l-¯n-sâ h-fÀ-¨ Xz-cn-X-s¸-Sp-¯m\pw a-µ-am-¡m\pw `q-an-im-{k-]-cam-b km-l-N-cy-¯n-\p Ign-hp­v. `q-an-bp-sS am-dn-t¡m-­n-cn-¡p-¶ am-d-d-§Ä-¡v hn-t[-b-am-hm-sX kaq-l-¯n-\v N-en-¡m³ km-[yaÃ. a-\p-jy-k-ap-Zm-bhpw {]-Ir-Xnbpw X-½n _-Ôw-Øm-]n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Å B-Zy-t¯Xpw A-h-km-\-t¯-Xpam-b h-gn `qan-im-kv-{X-amWv. `q-an-im-kv-{Xm-Sn-Øm-\-¯n \À-Æ-ln-¡-s¸-Sm-¯ N-cn-{X\nÀ-½m-Ww H-cp ]m-gvth-e-bm-sW-¶v N-cn-{Xs¯ H-cp im-kv-X-sa-¶ \n-ebn k-ao-]n-¨n-«p-Å K-th-j-I-·mÀ A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-«n-«p­v. N-cn{Xw kw-`-hn¨n-«p-Å H-cp t\m-h-em-I-W-sa-¦n `q-an-im-kv-{X-sa-¶ H-cp ]-Ým¯-ew AXn-\p-­m-bn-cn-¡-W-sa-¶v B-[p-\n-I N-cn-{X-I-e-bp-sS hym-Jym-Xmhm-b F¨v.Pn.shÂ-kv hy-à-am-¡p¶p. `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ K-Xn-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨v A-h-Km-l-an-bn ]T-\w \-S¯m³ Nn-e km-l-k-im-en-IÄ {]-am-W-am-cw-`n¨-Xp {In-kv-Xp-hn-\p B-dp -\qd-dm-­p-IÄ¡p ap-¼mWv. _m_n-tem¬ km-{am-Py-¯nsâ DÂ]-¯n Ncn{Xw I-­p-]n-Sn-¨ \-t_m-Wnk-kv cm-Pm-hp-ti-J-cn-¨ {K-Ù-§-fn H-cp-`mK¯v `q-an-bp-sS h-fÀ¨-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨p {]m-[m-\y-aÀ-ln-¡p-¶ H-cp N-cn-{Xmwi-ap-­-t{X. kmÀK-sâ knw-lm-k\m-tcm-l-W-¯ob-Xn I-­p-]n-Sn-¨ {]kvXp-X cm-Pmhpv A-hy-à-am-bn `q-an-im-kv-{X-]T-\-¯n-sâ B-Zy-s¯ D-]Ú-Xm-hm-bn A-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶p. A-¡me-s¯ `q-an-im-kv-{X-s¯ kw-_-Ôn¨p henb a-Xn-s¸m¶pw B-[p-\n-I-K-th-j-IÀ-¡nÃ. `q-an-bn-se G-Xm\pw \nhm-kn-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨vH-cp hn-h-c-W-am-bn-cp-¶p A-Xv. k-ap-Zm-b-¯n-se k-ap-¶X-·m-scÃmw B amÀ¤-s¯ A-]-l-kn¨p. am-\p-jn-I-]T-\-¯n-sâ H-cp Øqe-tc-J-bm-bn-s«-¦nepw `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-\v D-b-cm³ I-gn-ªnÃ-¦n A-Xn-\p 6

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p. 8

{]-tbm-P-\-anÃ. Cu A-`n-{]m-bw X-s¶-bm-Wv im-kv-{X-im-J-I-fn ssI-¿q¶n {]-hÀ-¯n-¨ hn-²-Kv-²-·mÀ-¡p-ÅXv. `q-an-im-kv-{X-kw-_-Ônbm-b I-­p]n-Sp-¯-§Ä-¡p t\-XrXzw \Â-In-bn-«p-Å-kv-s]-bn³ ]-Þn-X-·m-cn {]-apJcm-b ap-l½-Zv AÂ-¯mc-In ]-d-bp¶-Xv C-§-s\-bmWv. "tem-I-im-kv-{X§-fpsS Cu-d-dnÃ-am-Wp `q-an-im-kv-{Xw. km-¼-¯n-I-im-kv-{Xhpw N-cn-{Xhpw K-Wn-X-hp-saÃmw A-Xn \n-¶p-P-\n-¡p-¶p." AXp-sIm-­m-Wv `q-an-im-kv-{Xhp-am-bn _-Ô-anÃm-¯ I-­p-]n-Sp-¯-§-fp-sS tKm-]p-c-§Ä ASn-¯-d-bnÃmsX X-I-cp-¶Xv. {In-kv-Xm-Ðvw 973þ A-\-´am-b k-lm-dm Xc-Ww sN-¿p¶ L-«-¯n A-´-cn-¨ AÂ-¯mc-In H-cp-]t£, `q-an-im-kv-{X-K-th-j-W¯n B-Zy-s¯ c-à-km-£n-bm-bn-cn-¡mw. {]-kn-²cmb tdm-a³ k-©m-cnIÄ a-lm-km-K-c-§Ä Xm-­n-¡-S-¡m³ D-]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cp-¶Xv. a-\Êp-sIm­p \nÀ-®-bn-s¨-Sp-¡m-hp-¶ H-cp I-W-¡p-hn-Zy-bmWv. ]p-cm-X-\-Ime-¯v tI-c-f-¯n-te-¡v ]p-d-s¸-« ln-¸m-ep-kp F-¶ k-ap-{Z-k-©m-cn-bp-sS ssZÀLy-s¯ k-_-Ôn-¨p-Å \n-K-a-\-§Ä sX-d-dnb-Xv AXp-sIm-­mWv. FÃm im-kv-{X-§fpw t]m-se `q-an-im-kv-{X-hpw Ku-c-h-aÀ-ln-¡m-¯ H-cp hn-j-bam-bn-«m-Wv B-Zy-Ime-¯v Nn-eÀ A-h-K-Wn-¨p X-Ån-bn-cp-¶Xv. H-cp cm-Py¯n-sâ ]p-tcmK-Xn Xn-«-s¸-Sp-¯p-t¼mÄ `q-an-im-kv{Xw h-ln-¨n-«p-Å ]-¦v anI-¨-Xm-sW-¶p Im-Wmw. bp-²-§Ä \-S-¡p-t¼mÄ {Ko-¡v ]-S-bm-fn-IÄ Øe-\nÀ-®-b-¯n-\p-th-­n bp-²-¡-f-¯n H-cp A-S-bm-fw Ip-¯n-\nÀ-¯m-dp­v. B A-S-bm-fw cm-{ã-¯n-sâ `q-kz-¯v hÀ-²n-¸n-¨-Xn-sâ kv-am-c-I-ambpw ]-cn-W-an-¡p-I-bm-Wp ]-Xnhv. \q-d-dm-­p-I-Ä-¡p-ap-¼v \-S-¶n-«p-Å FÃm bq²-§-fn-epw `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ B-hiyw P-b-im-en-Ifm-b ]-cm-{I-an-IÄ¡p t_m-[y-s¸-«n-«p-­v. 1289þ ssh-j-ay-tadn-b D-¯-cm-^n-¡-bn-te-¡p bm{X-bm-cw-`n-¨ A-td_y³ `q-an-im-{X-Ú\m-b A-_p-AÐ-cn X-sâ HmÀ-½-¡pdn-¸p-I-fn C§-s\ tc-J-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p: "F-sâ sNdn-b lr-Zb-s¯ \m-ep-h-en-b-h³-I-c-I-fp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-Sp-¯nb-Xp `q-an-im-kv-{X-amWv. H-cp]t£ F-sâ A-t\zj-Ww Nn-eÀ-¡v H-cp ]-cn-lm-k-ambn-tXm-¶mw. ]t£, `qan-bp-sS h-en-¸w F-{X-bm-sW-¶-dn-bm³ F-sâ sNdn-b I-®p-I-fp-sS Im-gv-¨bv-¡p km-[n¨p. Cu AÀ-²-hnP-bw F-s¶ ]n-´p-SÀ-¶p-h-cp-¶ `q-an-im-kv{Xm-t\z-j-IÀ-¡v H-cp sNdn-b amÀ-¤-am-bn-¯o-cpw. `q-an-im-kv{X-t_m-[-anÃm¯ H-cmÄ H-cp sNdn-b Ip-gn-bn In-S-¡p-¶ H-cp sNdn-b Po-hn-am-{X-amWv. `q-an-im-kv{Xw hen-b ]À-Æ-X-§-sf-t¸m-seX-s¶ a-lm-\-K-c-§fpw \nÀ-½n¡p¶p. Cu \-K-c-§Ä-¡p k-w-kv-¡m-chpw ssN-X-\yhpw \-ev-Im³ `q-an-imkv-{X-]-Ým-¯m-e-¯n-\p I-gn-bp¶p. a-²y-]u-c-kv-Xy-kw-kv-¡m-c-¯n-sâ \thm-°m-\-¯n-\p t\-Xr-Xzw-\-evIn-b C-_v-\p-JÂ-Zq X-sâ tem-I-{]-kn²am-b H-cp Imcyw Ip-dn-¨n-«p­v. A-XmWv: 'a-\p-jy-hÀ-¤-¯n-sâ i-co-c-L-S\-bn-epw, am-\-kn-I-`m-h-¯nepw Im-Wp-¶ Kp-W-hn-ti-j-§Ä-¡pw cm-Py¯n-sâ ap-J-`m-hw am-d-dp-¶ Im-em-h-Ø-bv-¡pw \n-Zm\w Xn-I¨pw `q-an-imkv{Xw am-{X-am-Wv.' 7

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p. 9

]p-cm-X-\ ssN-\m-¡m-cp-sS N-cn-{X-k-©m-cw `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ h-fÀ¨-bv-¡p h-f-sc-tb-sd k-lm-b-I-am-bn-«p­v. C-´y-bn-te-bv¡pw kn-tem-Wnte-¡p-ap-Å- bm-{X-bm-Wv G-jy³ `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ ]p-tcmK-Xn B-ZyIme-¯p \nÀ-®-bn-¨Xv. ssN-\o-kv k-©m-cn-Ifm-b ^m-ln-bm³, lp-bm-Mv km-Mv F-¶n-h-cp-sS bm-{X ]-e amÀ-¤-§-fnepw X-Z-\-´-c-ap­m-b {]-bm-W{i-a-§Ä-¡v {]-tbm-P-\-{]-Z-am-bn-«p-­v. ]m-Ým-Xy-N-cn-{X-]-Þn-X-·m-cn NneÀ C-h-cp-sS k-ap-{Z-k-©m-cw h-gn `q-an-im-kv-{X-]T-\-¯n-\p e-`n-¨n-«p-Å ]ptcmK-Xn A-{X Im-cy-am-sb-®n-bnÃ. ]t£, a-²y-[m-c-Wym-gn-bp-sS B-[n]Xyw ssN-\-¡mÀ¡pw , A-d-_n-IÄ¡pw k-©m-c-Im-cy-¯n ssI-¿-S¡m³ km-[n-¨-tXm-sS ]m-Ým-XyÀ-¡v ]u-c-kv-Xy-I-­p-]n-Sp-¯w aq-Sn-sh¡m³ \n-hr-¯n-bnÃm-Xmbn. `q-an-im-kv-Xw K-th-j-I-·m-cp-sS a-Þ-e-¯nÂ-\n¶pw km-[m-c-W-P-\-Xbp-sS C-S-bn-te-¡v H-cp ]T-\-hn-j-b-am-bn {]-th-in¨-Xv A-ºm-kn-bm-`-c-WIm-e-¯mWv. ip-jv-¡am-b Øn-Xn-hn-h-c-W-¡-W-¡p-I-fp-sS Ø\-¯v BIÀ-j-Wam-b H-cp ]T-\-hn-`m-K-am-bn A-Xp cp-]m-´-c-s¸«p. h-f-cp-¶ hn-ZymÀ°n-I-fp-sS am-\-kn-I-L-S-\-bv-¡p `m-c-am-Im-¯-hn-[-¯n `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n\v Nn-e e-fn-Xam-b B-hn-jv-¡-c-W-co-Xn tNÀ-t¡-­n-h¶p. {]m-Y-an-I ¢m-kpI-fnÂ-t¸m-epw `q-an-im-kv{Xw H-cp hn-j-b-ambn. em-fnXyw `q-an-im-kv-{X-]T-\¯nâ H-gn-¨p-Iq-Sm-¯ L-S-I-am-sW-¶v B-Zy-ImL-«-¯n¯-s¶ ]T-\-]-²Xn-X-¿m-dm-¡n-bhÀ Du-¶n-¸-dªp. hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-fp-sS h-f-cp-¶ hn-Im-k-aÞ-e-¯n-\p hn-kv-Xr-X-am-bn-¸-d-¡m³ `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ Nn-d-Ip-IÄ Bh-iy-amWv. FÃm-I-c-I-sfbpw I-S-ep-I-sfbpw kw_-Ôn¨pw hy-àam-b [mc-W hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-fn D-­m-Ip-¶Xn-t\m-sS-¸w Ah-sc A-X-\p-k-cn-¨p Pohn-¡m³ X-¿m-dm-Ip-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶ {]-hÀ-¯n A-Xn-epÄ-s¸-Sp¶p. Po-h-imkv-{X-¯n-sâ hn-Im-k-]-cn-Wm-a-§Ä `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ hn-kv-{XnXn-tbmsSm-¸w hn-]p-e-am-hp-Ibpw sN-¿pw. `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-\v hn-hn-[-§fm-b ho£-W-§-fp­v. Nn-eÀ K-Wn-X-amÀK-¯n-eq-sS k-ao]n-¡p-t¼mÄ a-äp-Nn-eÀ tIh-ew tPym-Xn-im-kv-{X-¯n-eq-sS-bpw k-ao-]n-¡p-¶p­v. J-tKm-f-im-kv-{X{]-Im-cw `q-an-im-{kv-X-]T-\-¯n-\p amÀ-¤-§Ä B-cm-ª lm-dq¬ d-jo-Znsâbpw lm-Pn-d-bp-sS-bpw, C-_v-\p-Zm-\-bp-sSbpw h-gn-IÄ K-l-\-§-fmWv. A-hÀ A-Xn-\v Aw-Ko-I-cn-¨ amÀ-¤-§Ä ]-eXpw {Ko-¡p-Im-cn \n-¶mWv. A-d-_n-Ifpw tkm-am-en-Ifpw J-tKm-f-im-kv-{X-¯n ]pXn-b ho-£-W§ - Ä h-fÀ-¯n-hn-«-h-cmWv. A-h-cn X-s¶ im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ ]-cn-Wm-a-kz-`m-hw A-\p-k-cn-¨v ]T-\-¯n-\p cq-]-t`-Zw h-cp-¯n-b-h-cp­v. H³-]-Xp-ap-X ]-{´­mw-\q-d-dm-­p-h-scbpw a-²y-]u-c-kv-Xy cm-Py-§-fn H-cp kmÀ-Æ-tZio-b `q-an-im-kv-{X]T-\ kÀ-Æ-I-em-im-eX-s¶ \-S-¯n-bn-cp¶p. \-£-{X-K-Wn-Xw A-hn-sS A-²y-b-\w \-S-¯n-bn-cp-¶ hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v H-cp {]-tXy-I-hn-j-bam-bn ]Tn-¨n-cp¶p. A-hn-sS-\n-¶p ]Tn-¨ C-_v-\p-bp-\kv, ssP-lm\n, AÂ8

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p. 10

_-¯m-\n Xp-S-§n-bhÀ, `q-an-im-kv-{X-s¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨p _r-l¯m-b {K-Ù§Ä F-gp-Xn-bn-«p­v. sh-Å-¯n-sâ A-fhv, k-ap-{Z-¯n-sâ th-en-tb-ddw, Ic-I-fp-sS NqSv, k-ky-§-fp-sS h-fÀ-¨, ]m-d-I-fp-sS \o-¡w C-h-bp-sS ]-cn-Wma-¯n Im-än-\pf--f kzm-[o-\-iàn, tKm-f-§Ä-¡p-Å _-Ôw F-¶n-h-sb-¸d-dn-bm-Wv {]-Ir-X-{K-Ù-§-fn {]-Xn-]m-Zn-¨n-«p-ÅXv. Ad-_n `q-an-im-kv-{X¯nsâ- D-]-Úm-Xmhm-b A a-kq-Zn D-]-I-c-W-§Ä sIm-­p `q-an-bp-sS A-f-hv -Xn-«-s¸-Sp¯n-b {]-K-Û-\mWv. a-kq-Xn-bp-sS `q-an-im-kv-{X-]-cam-b ]mÞnXyw B-[p\n-I d-jy³ ]-Þn-X-·m-cpw ad-dp ]m-Ým-Xy ]-Þn-X-·mcpw A-Ûp-X-I-c-am-sW-¶v {]-Jym-]n-¨n-«p-­v. a-kq-Zn-sb-¸d-dn `q-an-im-kv-{X-Ú·m-cp-sS k-t½f-\w G-I-IT-am-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-¨ H-cp hn-²-Kv-²m-`n-{]m-b-ap­v. "a-kq-Zn-b³ Im-e-L-«s - ¯-¸d-dn `q-an-im-kv-{X-s¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨v B-[n-Im-cnI-am-bn F-s´-¦n-\p-sa-gp-Xp¶-Xv `w-Kn-bm-bn-cn-¡nÃ. a-kq-Zn-¡p-ap-¼p-Å Ime-s¯ X-Z-\-´-c-ap-Å Im-e-s¯bpw A-t±-lw thÀ-Xn-cn-¨p \nÀ-¯p¶p. H-cp im-kv-{XÚ-sâ h-f-cp-¶ Nn-´-bpw km-l-kn-Iam-b H-cp ]-cn-jv-IÀ¯m-hn-sâ {]-h-N-\-§fpw a-kq-Zn-bp-sS {K-Ù-§-fn D-S-\o-fw Im-Wmw. akq-Zn ]pXn-b `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ D-]-Úm-Xmhpw ]-g-b-Xn-sâ ]-cn-jv-IÀ¯m-hp-am-Wv." a-\p-jy hw-i-¯n-sâ B-Zn-Im-e-h-fÀ-¨ Xn-«-s¸-Sp-¯p¶-Xv `q-an-im-kv{X-tc-J-bn \n-¶p-amWv. h-\-´mÀ `m-K-§-fn-epw, \-Zo-Xo-c-§-fnepw A-]-cnjvIr-X Po-hn-Xw \-bn-¨n-cp-¶ ar-K-kwam-\cm-b a-\p-jy-sc `u-Xn-I-Po-hn-bm¡n am-d-d-b-Xn `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-\p hen-b ]-¦p­v. ]pXn-b kw-kv-¡m-ctI-{µ-§Ä I-s­-¯p-I-bpw, am-dp-¶ ]-cn-XxØn-Xn-¡-\p-k-cn-¨ hÀ-¤-k-lI-cW-¯n-epw kw-L-S-\-bnepw C-S-s]-«v I-Sepw I-cbpw Xm-­n k-©-cn-¨ a-\p-jy-hÀ-¤-¯n-sâ ]m-Z-ap-{Z-IÄ `q-an-im-kv-{X-¯n-sâ A-en-Jn-X-§fm-b {]Y-am-²ym-b-§-fmWv. `q-an-sb B-hc-Ww sN-bv-Xn-cp-¶ B-hn-X-Wp-¯-t¸mÄ A-Xn \n¶pw ]pXn-b ]mT-§Ä ]Tn-¨ B-Zn-a-a-\p-jy³ ]pXn-b Im-emØ tX-Sn k-©-cn¨p. a-®n-sâ X-cw Xn-cn-¡p-¶ Im-em-h-Øbpw ]m-d-I-fpw `q-an-bp-sS L-S-\-tb-bpw, k-ky-h-fÀ-¨-tb-bpw, P-´p-hÀ-¤-§-tfbpw \n-b{´n¨p-sIm-­n-cp¶p. `q-an-bp-sS `q-an-im-kv-{X-]-c-am-b-am-d-d-¯n-\-\p-k-cn-¨pv k-ap-Zm-b-L-S-\-I-fn am-d-d-§Ä Zr-iy-ambn. C-W-§m-¯ {]-Ir-Xn-sb sa-cp¡n hn-cp-²-i-àn-I-fp-sS A-\p-t]-£-Wn-bam-b ka-cw h-fÀ-¯n h-fÀ¨-sb I-s­-¯p-I-bm-Wv B-Zn-Im-e-a-\p-jyÀ sN-bv-XXv. A-Xn-\-hÀ-¡v `q-an-bp-sS kz-`m-h-am-d-d-§fpw N-cn-{X-¯n-sâ K-Xnbpw k-lm-b-I-ambn. ku-c-bq-Y-§tf-bpw, [q-a-tI-Xp-¡-sf-bpw-]d-dn _n.kn \memw i-X-I-¯n Po-hn-¨n-cp-¶ A-cn-tÌm-«n X-s¶ Nn-e A-\p-am-\-§-fn F-¯n-bn-cp¶p. tIm-¸À-\n-¡kn-sâ ]pXn-b k-ao]-\w `q-an-bp-sS L-S\-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨p ]-g-b-sX-d-dpIÄ Xn-cp-¯m³ ]-cy-]v-X-am-bn. tIm-¸À \n-¡-kn-s\ ]n-´p-SÀ-¶v {_q-Wbpw, K-eoen-tbm-hpw, \yq-«\pw Iyâpw, em-¹mkpw im-kv-{X-Zrãym bm-Ym9

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p. 11

Øn-Xn-I-hmZ-s¯ F-XnÀ-¯-h-cmWv. ]pXn-b I-c-IÄ I-­p-]n-Sn-¡m-\p-Å a\p-jy-sâ B-h-iyhpw hm-Wn-Py_-Ôw ]p-eÀ-¯m-\p-Å B-{K-lhpw `q-anim-kv-{X-]-cam-b Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sn-sâ h-fÀ¨-sb kp-K-a-am¡n, B-Zy-am-bn hm-WnPy-_-Ô-¯n-\p-­m¡n-b `q-]-S-§Ä C-Xn-\p sX-fn-hmWv. C¶pw `q-an-im-kv{X-]T-\w H-gn-¨p-\nÀ-¯n N-cn-{X-s¯-¸-ddntbm kw-kv-¡m-c-s¯-¸-ddntbm Nn´n-¡m³ I-gn-bp-I-bnÃ. hn-Nm-c-_-Ô-ap-Å `q-an-bn-se kmw-kv-¡m-cn-I-th-gvN-bp-sS am-Xr-Xz-s¯ `q-an-im-kv-{X-a-Þ-e-am-Wv Xm-§n-\nÀ-¯p-¶Xv. 10

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p. 12

N-cn{Xw H-cp I-®m-Sn C-¡me-¯p N-cn{Xw ]Tn-¡m³ D-Õm-l-anÃ-¯-h-cnÃ. Ic-Ww N-cn-{Xt¯m-fw a-[p-cam-b hn-Úm-\-tI{µw CÃm-¯Xp-sIm-­p-Xs¶. N-cn-{X-\nÀ½m-Ww {]m-No-\-{Ko-¡p-Im-cp-sS H-cp I-emhn-t\m-Z-am-bn-cp¶p. Im-e-K-Xn-¡\p-k-cn-¨v N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-W-amÀ-¤-¯n-\p am-d-d-§Ä kw-`-hn-¨n-«p-s­-¦n-epw, ]p-cm-X-\-{Ko-¡p ZmÀ-in-\n-I-cp-sS N-«-¡q-Sn \n-¶p X-s¶-bm-Wv C¶pw Ncn-{Xm-t\z-j-IÀ tem-I-kw-`-h§-sf ho-£n-¡p-¶Xv. Pn-Úm-k AY-hm At\z-j-W-¯n-\v A-h-ew-_-am-Ip-¶ ]-cn-Úm-\w F-¶v AÀ-°-w h-cp-¶ 'lntÌm-dn-b' F-¶ {Ko-¡p-]-Z-¯n \n-¶mWv 'ln-Ì-dn' (N-cn-{Xw) D-Û-hn-¨-Xv. 'Pn-Úm-kpbp-f-hm-¡p-¶ ^-e-§-fp-sS B-hn-jv-I-c-W-sa¶pw hn-kv-a-cn-¡s¸-«-hmÀ-¯-I-fp-sS t{Im-Uo-I-c-W-sa-¶pw' N-cn-{X-s¯- ¹q-«mÀ¡pw t]m-fn_n-bÊpw \m-a-Ic-Ww sN-bvXp. N-cn-{X-¯n-sâ ]n-Xm-sh-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp-¶ sltcm-tUm-«-Ên-sâ hn-tiz-¯-c-Ir-Xn {]-kvXp-X \nÀ-Æ-N\-s¯ km-£m-Xv-Icn¨p. ]p-cmX-\-tdm-am-¡m-cp-sS \n-Ka-\w Ip-d-¨p-Iq-Sn hy-Xy-kv-X-s¸-«-XmWv. I-gn-ª-Im-e-kw-`-h-§-fp-sS H-cp hn-h-cWw, a-\p-jy-sâ _p-²n-]-cam-b {]hÀ-¯-\-¯n-sâ H-cp tc-J, a-l-Xz-tadn-b {]m-Nn-\-X-e-ap-d-bn-te-t¡m-cp F¯n-t\m«w, kÀ-tÆm]-cn H-gp-¡p-Å H-cp km-ln-Xy-kr-ãn F-s¶Ãm-am-Wv tdm-am-¡m-cp-sS \nÀ-Æ-N§Ä. a-²y-Im-e-L-«-¯n N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-W-¯n B-²y-ßn-Ii-àn X-e-bpbÀ-¯n-b-Xm-bn Im-Wmw. A-¡e-¯p N-cn-{X-hn-Zy-sb B-²y-ßn-I-{]-N-c-W¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bn Nn-eÀ-K-Wn¨p. A-Xn-s\-cp sX-fn-hm-Wv sl-tdm-kn-b-knsâ N-cn-{X-tc-JIÄ. A-¨-Sn-b{´w Bw-`n-¨-tXm-Sp-Iq-Sn N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-W-¯n\p Nn-e am-d-d-§Ä h¶p. ]qÀ-Æn-I-·m-cp-sS tc-J-IÄ h-Ånbpw ]p-Ånbpw hn-Sm-sX ]-IÀ-¯n-bn-cp-¶-Xn-s\Ãmw s]m-fn-s¨-gp-¯m-cw-`n¨p. ]-IÀ-¯Â {]Øm-\w t]mb-tXm-Sp-Iq-Sn A-\-h-[n-{K-Ù-Im-c-³-·m-cp-sS A-`n-{]m-b-§-sf¸d-dn ]T-\w \S-¯n kzo-Im-cy-am-b-sX-Sp-¯p {K-Ù-\nÀ-½m-Ww Xp-S§n. tZi-§-fp-sS kz-`m-h-a-\p-k-cn¨v Cu ]-cn-hÀ¯-\w N-cn-{X-s¯ ]pXn-b ]-Ùmhn-te-¡p \-bn¨p. A-t\z-j-W-¯n-sâ DÂ-LmS-\w \-S¯n-b sk-\-t^m-Wnsâ amÀ-¤-¯n hn-aÀ-i-\-¯n-sâ {]-Im-iw ]-c¯n-b Nn-´-I-·mÀ Xq-en-Ibp-am-bn h-¶-t¸mÄ H-cp ]pXn-b `m-hhpw cq-]hpw N-cn-{X-¯n-\p-­mbn. {Inkv-Xzm-_-Zm-cw-`-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn km-·mÀ¤n-I {]-h-W-X-IÄ¡pw X-¯z-{]-Xn-]m-Z\-¯n\pw N-cn-{X-¯n a-l-¯m-b-Øm-\w e-`n¨p. b-°mÀ-¯-Xn B-dp\p-d-dm-­p-IÄ-¡p ti-j-am-Wv N-cn-{X-s¯ H-cp-]-I-c-W-am-bn A-Êo-cn-b-¡mcpw Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Imcpw F-Sp-¯p {]-tbm-Kn-¨Xv. Cu-Pn-]v-jy³ `-c-W-Iq-Sw Ncn-{X-\nÀ-½mW-s¯ ]cn-tim-[n¸n-¡p-hm³ h-en-b-tXm-Xn-ep-Å ]-cn-]m-Sn-I11

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p. 13

fn«p. N-cn-{Xm-t\z-I-·m-cpsS 'k-©m-c-¡-¸-epIÄ' A-¡m-e-¯m-Wv ]p-dw-\m-SpI-fn-te-¡p t]m-bXv. B-[p-\n-I-N-cn-{X-I-e-bp-sS D-]-Úm-Xmhm-b C-_v-\p JÂ-¯p¬ (Sq-Wo-jy 1345) X-sâ {K-Ù-§-fn N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-W-¯n-sâ A-Xp-h-sc-bp-Å K-Xnsb-¸d-dn k-hn-kvX-cw {]-Xn-]m-Zn¨p. ]pXn-b \nÀ-½m-WamÀ-¤w DÂ-LmS-\w sN-bvXp. `q-an-im-kv-{X-]T-\w N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-W-¯n\pw A-Xy-´m-t]-£n-X-am-sW-¶p k-aÀ-¸n¨-Xv C-_v-\pÂ-JÂ-¯q-WmWv. ]-Xn-s\-«mw-\q-dd-­v N-cn-{X-s¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯m-fw hn-aÀ-i-\-¯nsâ Xo-¸-´-ap-bÀ¯n-b Im-e-amWv. d-kv-tX-bmWv Cu hn-aÀ-i-\-¯n-\p t\XrXzw \-ev-In-bXv. "A-{i-²-am-b -Ip-«n-¡-fn-bm-Wv N-cn-{X-¯n \-S-¡p-¶sX-¶pw, hÀ-®¯n-t\m-¯p N-cn-{X-sa-gp-Xp-¶ k-{¼-Zm-bw \nÀ-¯W"sa¶pw A-t±-lw Du-¶n-¸-dªp. Kn-º\pw sam-t¡m-sf-bpw d-kv-tX-bp-sS hm-Z-ap-J§-sf J-Þn¨p. N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-Xmhm-b s{S-bn-\n-sâ `m-j-bn Knº³ ]d-ªp: '`£-Ww cp-Nn-bp-f-f-Xp-am-{X-am-bm t]m-c, t]m-j-Imw-iwIq-Sn-bp-Å-Xm-bn-cn-¡Ww. _q-dn-sb-t¸m-ep-Å-hÀ N-cn-{X-s¯ G-d-d-¡p-d-¨nenÃm-¯ im-kv-{X-sa-¶pw, sP._n. »m-¡n-s\-t¸m-ep-Å-hÀ tIh-ew I-e-am{X-am-Wv N-cn-{X-"sa¶pw {]-Jy-]n¨p. {^-©p-]-g-s©mÃp-IÄ D-²-cn¨p-sIm­v NneÀ 'N-cn-{X-anÃm-¯ cm{ãw A-S-nth-cp-I-fnÃm-¯ hr-£'am-sW-¶pw ]-dªp. N-cn-{X-anÃm-¯ H-cp cm-{ã-hp-anà F¶-Xp bm-YmÀ-°y-amWv. N-cn{X-Im-c-·m-cn Nn-eÀ-¡v `q-X-Im-e-§-sf-¸-d-dn-bm-Wv B-tem-Nn-¡p-¶-Xn Iq-Sp-X Xm-Xv-]-cy-sa-¶p {^o-sa³ 'I-gn-ª-Im-e-kw-`-h§Ä' F-¶ {K-Ù¯n Du-¶n-¸-d-bp¶p. 'hÀ-¯-am-\-Im-e-¯n-se kz-]v-\-k-©m-cn-I-fm'-bn«Wp N-cn-{X-Im-c-·mÀ I-gn-bp-¶-sX-¶p kÀ-tPm¬-kn-en hn-[n-I-ev-]n¨p. I-gnªp-t]m-b N-cn-{X-§-tfÃmw sX-ddpw i-cnbpw X-½n-ep-Å H-cp hSw-h-en-bm-bn-cp-¶p A-Xn-\n-S-bv-¡p a-²y-Ø-X h-ln-¡p-¶-h-cm-bn-cp-¶p AXn-se \m-b-I-·m-sc-¶pw _À-¡v A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp¶p. F-¶mepw ZoÀ-L-ZÀÈ\w sN-¿m-\p-ÅH-cp D-]-tZ-i-I-\m-Wp N-cn-{X-sa-¶p A-t±-lw k-aÀ-°n¨p. at\m-l-cam-b H-cp N-cn-{X-kr-ãn D-­m-¡m³ hn-Im-c§-sf B-ß-kw-b-a-\wsN-¿m-sX X-c-an-sÃ-¶m-Wp \o-tb-gvk-sâ aXw. Fà N-cn-{X-§-fn-epw P-\-Xbp-sS kzm-X-{´ym-`n-em-jw \n-g-en-¨p-\n-ev-¡p¶p. AXp-sIm-­p N-cn-{X-s¯ Np-½m X-Ån-¡-f-bm³ km-[y-a-sÃ-¶m-Wv {^o-amsâ t\mÀ-½³ B-{I-aWs¯ {]-iw-kn¨p-sIm­vp sP.BÀ. {Kn³-Uv A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-«Xv. Um-ÎÀ BÀt\mÄ-Uv N-cn-{X-s¯ Po-h-\p-Å in-em-kv-Xq-]-ambpw P-\-km-am-\y-¯n-sâ ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bp-sS A-Sn-¡Ãm-bpw, tam¬-lmw-_À«n, \-S-¶ kw-`-h-§-fp-sS kp-µ-c-cq-]-am-bpw, s{]m-^. ¹nÂ-«v a-\p-jy-\p-Å FÃm hn-Im-c-§-fp-sSbpw {]-Xn-^-e-\-am-bpw, {In-KvS¬ am-\p-jn-I-a-Þ-e-¯n-sâ kv-^p-enw-K-am-bpw, ¹n-\n c-­m-a³ F-{X hm-bn-¨mepw a-Xn-h-cm-¯ kw-`-h-cq-]-ambpw \nÀ-Æ-Nn12

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p. 14

¨n-cp¶p. hneyw »m-¡n-\p N-cn-{X-Im-c-·m-tcm-Sv H-c-t]-£-bp­v: \n-§Ä F´p ]-d-bp-¶p-sht¶m F-´n-¶p ]-d-bp-¶p-sht¶m R-§Ä-¡-dn-tb-­. ]t£, F-§-s\-bm-Wp ]-d-bm³ km-[n-¨-sX-¶p hy-à-am-¡Ww, A-{X-am{Xw. KmÀ-Un-\ N-cn-{X-Im-c-·mÀ k-Xy-k-Ô-·m-cm-bn-cn-¡-W-sa-¶pw a-tddmÀ-Wn-¨n-sâ ho-£-WK-Xn \nÀ-½m-W amÀ-¤-¯n Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡-W-sa¶pw \nÀ-t±-in-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. '\n-jv-]£-X' H-cp \à N-cn-{X-Imc-sâ e-£-W-am-bn _À-\m-Uv-jm D-bÀ-¯n-¸n-Sn-¡p-¶p­v. N-cn{Xw {]m-tbm-Kn-I-cm-Py-X-{´-¯nse _Ô-s¯ CÃm-Xm-¡n-bm H-cp km-ln-Xy-Ir-Xn-bm-bn am{Xw A-h-tijn-¡p-¶p-sh¶pw N-cn-{X-¯n kz-X-{´am-¡-s¸-« cm{ãw {]-Ir-X-amsW¶pw Uo³ C-©n\pw hm-Zn-¡p¶p. N-cn-{X-Im-c-·m-sc ]n-t¶m-«p t\m-¡p¶ {]-hm-N-I-·m-cm-bn«pw ]p-cm-X-\-N-cn-{X-kw-`-h§-sf Aw-Ko-I-cn-¡-s¸-« sI-«p-IY - -I-fm-sW-¶ \n-tj-[m-ß-Im-`n-{]m-b-am-Wv Uo³ C-©n-tâXv. _-\U-sd-dm-t{Imt¨m k-a-Im-en-I-kw-`-h§-sf am-{X-ta ]Tn-¡m³ sIm-Åm-hp¶-h-bm-bn Aw-Ko-I-cn-¨n-«pÅp. a-lm\m-b F-ta-gv-k³-Ip-Sn hm-Zn¨-Xv N-cn-{X¯n-sâ D-]-tbm-Kw hÀ-¯-am-\-Im-e-¯n-¶p aqeyw \nÀ-®-bn-¡-em-sW¶mWv. B-XÀ slÂ-]v-kv tZ-io-b-N-cn-{X-¯n-\p-th-­n-bm-Wp \n-e-sIm-­Xv. cm-{ão-b-{]-hÀ-¯-\-¯n-\p-Å hn-h-c-W-]-{Xn-I-bpw, Ø-eI - m-e-§Ä Xn-cn-¨dn-bp-¶-Xn-\p-Å H-cp b-{´-am-Wp N-cn{Xw F-¶v A-t±-lw A-`n-{]m-b-s¸Sp¶p. C-§-s\-bp-Å hn-hc-Ww tPm¬-hm-Un-\p-Å H-cp b-{´-hp-am-Wp Ncn{Xw F-¶v A-t±-lw A-`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp¶p. C-§-s\-bp-Å hn-hc-Ww tPm¬hmÀ-Un-\p Xo-sc ]n-Sn-¨nÃ. 'B hn-[-¯n B-cw-`n-¡p-¶ N-cn{Xw sI-«p-IY-I-fp-sS A-kv-Xn-hm-c-hn-h-c-W-§-sf-gpXn-b H-cp t\m-h am-{X-am-sW¶mWv' A-t±-l-¯n-\p ]-d-bm-\p-ÅXv. ]-cn-jv-¡m-c-¯n-sâ sF-Iy-¯n-em-Wv Kn-_v-N-cn-{X-]T-\-¯n-\p-Å Xm-t¡m I-s­-¯n-bXv. ]m-kv-Xo\n-em-sW¦n 'F-s¶¶pw Po-hn-¡p-I-bpw G-Im-In-bm-bn FÃmw t\m-¡n-¡-WpIbpw sN-¿p-¶ H-cp a-\p-jy't\m-Sp N-cn-{X-s¯ D-]-an-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. F-¨v.Pn. sh-Õv N-cn-{X-sa-¶m H-tc-I-tem-IL-S-\ F-¶À-°-sa-¶v DÂ-tLm-jn-¨p. {^-©phn-¹-h-N-cn-{X-sa-gpXn-b ImÀ-sse-epw, tdm-am-cm-Py-¯n-sâ A-[x-]-X\hpw \m-i-hp-sa-gpXn-b {K-Ù-IÀ-¯m-¡-fpw h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw hn-a-cÀ-i-\§¡p a-dp]-Sn H-d-d hm-¡n ]-dªp. A-]-am-\-§-fp-sS hn-j-Ipw-`-w-Np-a-¡p¶ \n-§-fp-sS ap-Xp-sIÃp-IÄ R-§-fp-sS ap-³-]n h-f-ªp-Xp-S-§n-bn-cn¡p¶p. b-YmÀ-¯am-b I-hn-X-sb¶pw ]-cn-io-e\w-sIm-­p ]Tn-¡m-hp-¶ XXz-im-kv-{X-sa¶pw a-ddpw ImÀ-sseÂX-s¶ N-cn-{X-s¯ ]p-I-gv-¯n-bn-«p­v. B-K-Ìn³ _o-dn-en³ ]p-Ñ-am-bn N-cn-{X-¯n-s\-Xn-cm-bn i-Im-c-hÀ-jw sNm-cnª hy-àn-bmWv. N-cn-{X-¯n N-aÂ-¡m-c-aÃm-sX-sb-´m-Wp-ÅXv? F-¶mW-t±-lw tNm-Zn-¨Xv. ln-te-bÀ _Ã-¡v hm-bn-¡m³-sIm-Åm-hp-¶ N-cn-{X13

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p. 15

kw-Ko-Xm-ß-Iam-b \m-S-Iam-tWm! F-¶m-Wv lm-kym-ß-I-am-bn tNm-Zn-¨Xv. a-l¯m-b {K--Ù-§Ä a-d-dmÀ¡pw A-\p-I-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¡¯ ssi-enbn F-gp-Xn-bn-«p-Å Kn-º¬ tKmÄ-Uv-kv-an-¯n-t\t¸m-se N-cn-{X-s¯ a-\pjyhÀ-¤-¯n-sâ- Ip-d-d-§-fp-sSbpw Ip-d-hp-I-fp-tSbpw ZuÀ-`m-Ky-§-fp-sS-bpw ]-«n-I-bm-Wp Nn-{Xo-I-cn¨-Xv {]-kn-²\m-b hmÄ-«-bÀ X-sâ k-a-Im-eo-I-cp-sS N-cn-{X-\nÀ-½m-W-s¯ i-àn-bp-àw hn-aÀ-in¨v 'Ip-d-d-§fpw Ip-d-hp-I-fpw' am{Xw Im-Wp¶-Xp N-cn-{X-am-sW-¶p ]-d-bm³ hmÄ-«-bÀ X-¿m-dnÃ. hn-eyw-Ip-¸fÀ, th-Uv-kv-hÀ-¯v N-cn-{X-s¯-¸d-dn ]-d-ª A-`n-{]m-bw I-hn-Xm-ß-I-`m-j-bn cq-]-s¸-Sp-¯n Nn-eÀ a-lm-k-a-c-§-fp-sSbpw a-lm-DÕ-h-§-fp-sS-bpw A-Xn ]-s¦-Sp-¯ \m-b-I-·m-cp-sS-bpw N-cn-{X-sa-gpXp¶p. am-{XaÃ. B ]m-gv-the-sb N-cn-{X-sa-¶p hn-fn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. hmÄ-t¸mÄ H-¶m-a\pw th-Uv-kzÀ-¯n-sâ tN-cn-bn-em-bn-cp¶p. N-cn-{X-sa-mgn¨v _m-¡n F-´m-bmepw i-cn-bm-bn-cn-¡mw. F´p-sIm-s­-¶m N-cn{Xw an¡-hmdpw kp-µ-cam-b \p-W-bm-bn-cn-¡pw! hmÄ-t]mÄ H-¶ma-s\ ]n³-´p-SÀ¶h-sc ]n-s¶bpw Im-Wmw. B-Un-bm-Uv H-cn-¡Â C-§-s\-sb-gpXn: sI-«pI-Y km-ln-Xy-¯n-sâ I-\n-jvT-k-tlm-Z-cn-bm-sW-¶p-Å Imcyw hy-à-amWv. H-cmÄ H-cp I-Y-]-d-bp-¶-Xn-\p-ap³-]v kXyw F-´m-sW-¶v Bcpw A-dnªn-cp-¶nÃ. AXp-sIm-­v FÃm-I-e-I-tf-¡mfpw h-b-Êp-Iq-Sp-X N-cn-{X¯n-sâ am-Xm-hn-\mWv. 's]m³-]qin-b N-Xn-bm-Wv N-cn-{X'-sa-¶p I-hnbm-b Io-d-dv-kv B-h-em-Xn-s¸-«p. sa-t¡m-sf N-cn-{X-s¯ B-ZÀ-i-¯n-sâ t]-cn-emWv ]Tn-¨Xv. I-hn-Xbpw X-Xz-im-kv-{Xhpw N-cn-{X-¯n-ep-s­-¶p sa-¡m-sf-hniz-kn-¨n-cp¶p. {^-U-dn-¡v lm-k³ D-Öz-ehpw hn-Z-Kv-²-hpam-b D-ÅS-¡w N-cn-{X-¯n-\p lm-\o-I-c-am-sW¶pw H-cp ]t£, tNmZyw sN-¿-s¸-t«¡pw F¶pw ]-d-ªn-cp¶p. ]t£, H-scm-d-d N-cn-{Xhpw B-th-iw \n-d-ª- `m-jbn AÃm-sX B-scbpw B-IÀ-jn-¨n-«n-sÃ-¶p kv-a-cn-¡Ww. lm-dnU-sâ Kp-cp-\m-Y\m-b {_u-Wnw-Kv N-cn-{X-s¯ a-\p-jy-Xz-¯n-sâ a-X-am-bw-Ko-I-cn¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. t{^m-bn-Upw kv-an-¯pw \o-Xn-im-kv-{X-]-cam-b H-cp b-YmÀ-¯am-Wp N-cn-{X-sa¶v Du-¶n-¸-d-ª-h-cmWv. P-h-lÀ-emÂ-s\-lv-dp-hn-\v X-sâ Po-hn-X-s¯-¸d-dn ]-d-bp-t¼mÄ hyà-am-¡-\p-Å-XnXmWv: "A-Km-[am-b H-cp km-K-c-am-Wv N-cn-{Xw; F-{X ap§n-¯-¸n-bmepw PnÚm-k A-S-§p-I-bnÃ. H-cp-N-cn-{X-Im-c-\mhp-I A-Xv Fs¶-Êw-_-Ôn-¨p t\m-¡p-t¼mÄ H-cp ]-cn-jv-¡À-¯m-hm-Ip-¶-Xn-\p Xp-ey-amWv." I-ebpw cm-{ão-bhpw N-cn-{X-Imc-s\ tXm-fp-cp-½n \nÂ-¡pIbmWv. hn³-̳ NÀ-¨nepw dq-kvsh«pw N-cn-{X-¯n-\p \-evInb \nÀ-hN-\w H-tcX-c-¯n-emWv. "FÃmw A-h-km-\n-¡p-t¼mgpw H-¶p-am{Xw h-cpw. A-Xp N-cn14

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